International Journal of Neonatal Screening
EISSN : 2409515X
Current Publisher: MDPI (10.3390)
Total articles ≅ 150
Latest articles in this journal
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010011
Abstract:In 2015, Pompe disease became the first lysosomal storage disorder to be recommended for universal newborn screening by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Newborn screening for Pompe has been implemented in 20 states and several countries across the world. The rates of later-onset disease phenotypes for Pompe and pseudodeficiency alleles are higher than initially anticipated, and these factors must be considered during Pompe disease newborn screening. This report presents an overview of six years of data from the Missouri State Public Health Laboratory for Pompe disease newborn screening and follow-up.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010009
Abstract:The California Department of Public Health started universal newborn screening for Pompe disease in August 2018 with a two-tier process including: 1) acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme activity assay followed by, 2) GAA gene sequencing analysis. This study examines results from the first year of screening in a large and diverse screening population. With 453,152 screened newborns, the birth prevalence and GAA enzyme activity associated with various types of Pompe disease classifications are described. The frequency of GAA gene mutations and allele variants are reported. Of 88 screen positives, 18 newborns were resolved as Pompe disease, including 2 classic infantile-onset and 16 suspected late-onset form. The c.-32-13T>G variant was the most common pathogenic mutation reported. African American and Asian/Pacific Islander newborns had higher allele frequencies for both pathogenic and pseudodeficiency variants. After the first year of Pompe disease screening in California, the disease distribution in the population is now better understood. With the ongoing long-term follow-up system currently in place, our understanding of the complex genotype-phenotype relationships will become more evident in the future, and this should help us better understand the clinical significance of identified cases.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010010
Abstract:Enzyme-based newborn screening for Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) has a high false-positive rate due to the prevalence of pseudodeficiency alleles, often resulting in unnecessary and costly follow up. The glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS) are both substrates for α-l-iduronidase (IDUA). These GAGs are elevated in patients with MPS I and have been shown to be promising biomarkers for both primary and second-tier testing. Since February 2016, we have measured DS and HS in 1213 specimens submitted on infants at risk for MPS I based on newborn screening. Molecular correlation was available for 157 of the tested cases. Samples from infants with MPS I confirmed by IDUA molecular analysis all had significantly elevated levels of DS and HS compared to those with confirmed pseudodeficiency and/or heterozygosity. Analysis of our testing population and correlation with molecular results identified few discrepant outcomes and uncovered no evidence of false-negative cases. We have demonstrated that blood spot GAGs analysis accurately discriminates between patients with confirmed MPS I and false-positive cases due to pseudodeficiency or heterozygosity and increases the specificity of newborn screening for MPS I.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010007
Abstract:Hemoglobin separation techniques are the most commonly used laboratory methods in newborn screening and confirmatory testing programs for hemoglobinopathies. However, such protein-based testing cannot accurately detect several hemoglobinopathies in newborns, especially when β-thalassemia mutations are involved. Here, we describe a consecutive cohort of newborns who were identified by newborn screening to have a likely diagnosis of sickle-β+-thalassemia (having an “FSA” pattern) who were determined to have sickle cell traits by confirmatory and genetic testing. We illustrate the clinical utility of genetic testing to make a correct and timely diagnosis in the setting of newborn screening for hemoglobinopathies.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010008
Abstract:This review summarises the trajectory of neonatal screening strategies for the detection of cystic fibrosis (CF) using the measurement of Immunoreactive Trypsin (IRT) in dried blood spots (DBS) from 1979 until the beginning of the 21st century when newborn screening (NBS) programmes started to spread throughout many countries, using IRT measurement combined with a CF genotype analysis of DBS.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010006
Abstract:The positive predictive value of newborn screening for congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency was
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010005
Abstract:Pompe disease is an inborn error of lysosomal degradation of glycogen. The responsible enzyme is acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA)
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010004
Abstract:Statewide newborn screening for Pompe disease began in Illinois in 2015. As of 30 September 2019, a total of 684,290 infants had been screened and 395 infants (0.06%) were screen positive. A total of 29 cases of Pompe disease were identified (3 infantile, 26 late-onset). While many of the remainder were found to have normal alpha-glucosidase activity on the follow-up testing (234 of 395), other findings included 62 carriers, 39 infants with pseudodeficiency, and eight infants who could not be given a definitive diagnosis due to inconclusive follow-up testing.
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010003
International Journal of Neonatal Screening, Volume 6; doi:10.3390/ijns6010002
Abstract:We conducted a pilot newborn screening (NBS) study for Pompe disease (PD) and mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) in the multiethnic population of Georgia. We screened 59,332 infants using a two-tier strategy of flow injection tandem mass spectrometry (FIA-MSMS) enzyme assays. The first tier of testing was a 2-plex assay measuring PD and MPS I enzyme activity, followed by a second-tier test with additional enzymes to improve specificity. Interpretation of results was performed using post-analytical tools created using Collaborative Laboratory Integrated Reports (CLIR). We identified a single case of infantile onset PD, two cases of late onset PD, and one pseudodeficiency. The positive predictive value (PPV) for PD screening during the study was 66.7%. No cases of MPS I were identified during the study period, but there were 2 confirmed cases of pseudodeficiency and 6 cases lost to follow up. The two-tier screening strategy was successful in reducing false positive results and allowed for the identification and early treatment of a case of infantile PD but the frequency of pseudodeficiency in MPS I is problematic. Molecular testing is required and should be covered by the screening program to avoid delays in case resolution.