Polonia University Scientific Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1895-9911 / 2543-8204
Published by: Polonia University in Czestochowa (10.23856)
Total articles ≅ 556
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Aelita Krychkovska, Nataliya Zayarnyuk, , , , Volodymyr Novikov
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 80-88; https://doi.org/10.23856/4310

Abstract:
The article presents the results of the analysis of alternative methods of studying theGood Pharmaceutical Practice complex, introduced at the Lviv Polytechnic National University.The optimal structure of the curriculum for student’s education by the specialty 226 “Pharmacy,Industrial Pharmacy” was determined to improve the system of training of specialists,who need understand the current pharmaceutical legislation of Ukraine and prospects for itsdevelopment.Structural-and-logical schemas based on the Guidelines of Good Pharmaceutical Practicesthat greatly facilitate students’ perception and assimilation of all the needed informationhave been elaborated.The development of such schemes by students with teacher assistance allows to improvethe perception of the material and strengthen skills for independently analyzing. While performingthe task, students to learn and understand certain aspects, such as the fact that the quality ofthe medicines is “incorporated” into the drug at the stage of pharmaceutical development, andthen confirmed during preclinical and clinical research. Further, the medicine receives a “permitto life”, when passing state registration. After that, the specified quality is reproduced for eachseries at the stage of full-scale pharmaceutical manufacturing, it is maintained unchanged at thestages of storage and distribution and, finally, it is delivered to patients in pharmacies. The study of the possibility of mastering the discipline “Good Practices in Pharmaceutics”by students of specialty 226 “Pharmacy, Industrial Pharmacy” during the practice at theexisting pharmaceutical enterprises can be considered perspective.
Ganna Prihodko, Ivan Matsehora,
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 125-131; https://doi.org/10.23856/4315

Abstract:
The presented paper highlights the results of a study of the usage of different expressive means and stylistic devices for the description of Brexit as a political phenomenon in English newspaper texts. Our analysis has proved that a political discourse proliferates with the language means, which clearly realize opposition FOR – AGAINST Brexit. It has been proved that stylistic means employed in the media are determined by the conditions of communication. If the desire of the speaker is to rouse the audience and to keep it in suspense, he will use various tropes and figures of speech. Furthermore, stylistic means are closely interwoven and mutually complementary thus building up an intricate pattern. It is stressed that the sign of evaluation in the media may be conditioned by various sociocultural factors, among which are the specifics of the sociocultural space, type of publication, genre specificity of the text, individual features of communicants’ worldview. Accounting for these factors, contributes not only to a deep study of the stylistic phenomena, but also to effective communication and the creation of balanced journalistic texts, which, in its turn, will determine information and psychological comfort in society.
Svitlana Savonik
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 279-286; https://doi.org/10.23856/4336

Abstract:
Orthopedic and orthodontic treatment of 49 patients aged 6 to 17 years with dentition defects in the frontal area was examined and performed to conduct and determine the state of the masticatory muscles in children with dentition defects. Patients were divided into two groups depending on the period of formation of the dento-maxillaire system and each of the groups was divided into two subgroups depending on the method of treatment and the mechanism of fixation of the orthodontic appliance in the oral cavity. When comparing the indicators between groups I A and I B, we can state that there were more qualitative and dynamic changes in electromyographic indicators in children of group I B than group I A. When comparing the data received after orthopedic and orthodontic treatment of children in group II, we can state that quantitative and qualitative indicators of electromyography for group II B were better than those of children in group II A. In children who were treated with removable appliances, these indicators improved, but remained at a worse level than in those treated with non-removable appliances.
Natalia Gumeniuk, Svitlana Khliestova,
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 23-29; https://doi.org/10.23856/4303

Abstract:
The article presents material on solving the problem of improving modern methods and technologies in teaching in medical institutions of higher education, as higher medical education requires rapid changes and non-standard creative solutions, especially in today’s conditions. Innovative teaching methods are aimed primarily at the processes of information perception and successful acquisition of practical skills, memory, development of creative and clinical thinking, proficient behavior in extreme situations, and gaining communication experience. The methods are calling innovative because they significantly change both the role of the teacher and the role of students. At the same time, the level of training of future doctors must meet clear criteria of goals and competence approach by the requirements of the quality of education. The importance of innovative teaching methods in the training of future doctors is highlighting. The theoretical and methodological analysis of the educational process of medical institutions of higher education. The content of the application of innovative teaching methods in the training of future doctors is generalized and systematized. Aspects of professional competence of the future doctor are covered. The effectiveness of case studies and situational role-playing methods is substantiated and identified as integral elements of teaching in medical institutions of higher education.
Halyna Yencheva, Tetiana Semyhinivska
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 146-152; https://doi.org/10.23856/4318

Abstract:
The present paper establishes the possibility of presenting the mental lexicon of a technical translator in the form of a classification frame that structures the terminological composition of scientific and technical language in the translation consciousness during the cognition of aviation reality. It is stated that the terms, which are the main means of fixation, accumulation and transfer of scientific knowledge, become the object of cognitive activity of the translator, who performs cognitive work on their accumulation and structuring in their own mental space to operate them during translation, which emphasizes the heuristic nature translation activities. At the same time, the linguistic component of the mental lexicon allows us to consider its structure, starting from the language itself. The paper attempts to present a mental lexicon within the framework of scientific and technical translation in the form of a set of frames that arrange the terminological structure of language in the mind of the translator as they learn the aviation reality. It is noted that in this case the main task is to show the possibilities of the frame in terms of accumulating and structuring the verbal knowledge about a particular aviation phenomenon or process, in English and Ukrainian with simultaneous identification of interlanguage equivalents.
Mykhaylo Pasichnyk, Susanna Pasichnyk
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 113-124; https://doi.org/10.23856/4314

Abstract:
The life of the Ukrainian nation developed in such a way that due to unfavorable historical circumstances there were few long-term phenomena in it. But in the pages of the history of each nation there is imprinted its image – intelligence, spirituality, dignity, the ability to build or destroy, consume or create, act or contemplate. National identity is considered to be a fundamental feature of the nation, that is the most comprehensive combination of mind and spirit, which are acquired and transmitted from generation to generation. One prominent personality of I. Vyhovsky is pointed out as a glorious figure in the history of the Ukrainian Cossack state. During his life I. Vyhovsky had a number of followers mainly among the gentry who supported him after collapse of relations with Moscow in 1657. The opposing forces which operated against I. Vyhovsky were not only from pro-Moscow adherents but from the senior Cossacks as well as peasants. Those ones were talented at gossiping, slandering. After I. Vyhovsky’s death the oponents simmered dowm, however, the facts related to his political and statebuilding activities have been preserved since that period.
Olena Myroniuk
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 106-112; https://doi.org/10.23856/4313

Abstract:
The study is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the Ukrainian diaspora’s life in Lithuania. The Ukrainian community in this country has deep historical roots, but as in other countries of the former Soviet Union, it became more active in the late 1980s. From that time community organizations began to be formed, and become important centers of diaspora. They conduct powerful cultural-educational work. They have been spreading and popularizing our cultural traditions for quite some time. Ethnic Ukrainians constantly help their homeland and maintain a positive image of Ukraine in the world. It should also be noted that Ukrainian communities in Lithuania actively influence the transparent coverage of events in Ukraine. But Ukrainians in Lithuania are quickly assimilated and lose their identity. One of the reasons for this is that in the Republic of Lithuania after the restoration of independence, almost all Ukrainians received the citizenship of this state, in contrast to other Baltic countries. Also, the integration of newly arrived Ukrainians into the previously larger Russian community in the country. And according to the latest data, there is a much larger influx of Ukrainians over the last few years, even compared to the Russians. This gives hope that the development of the Ukrainian community will not be pretended. Currently, there is no single research that would compare the life of the Ukrainian community in Lithuania in the modern period. Thus, the systematization and analysis of information about the activities of the Ukrainian community in Lithuania are incredibly relevant.
Ganna Izyumtseva
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 38-46; https://doi.org/10.23856/4305

Abstract:
The aim of the paper is to determine the content and structure of a basic metaphorical concept BODY identified in the Pentateuch texts of the English Bible. The nature and mechanism of the metaphorical concept is considered in the light of recent linguo-metaphorological investigations with the emphasis on distinction between the notions of “metaphorical concept” and “conceptual metaphor”. The method used in the research includes procedures of the analysis of metaphorical concepts elaborated by Yu.V. Kravtsova within the semantic- cognitive approach to study of metaphors and modelling of metaphorization. As a result, first, the composition of the content of the metaphorical concept at the semantic and cognitive levels of its stratification was established; second, the identified cognitive features were structurized according to their significance within a given ethno-culture; the third, the hierarchy of senses relevant for the concept bearers was revealed. Overall, the conducted analysis has offered a fresh insight into the author-specific conception of reality as a human body, in its various forms and manifestations.
, Tetyana Gnatuyk
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 189-197; https://doi.org/10.23856/4324

Abstract:
This paper aims to analyze an interpretive activity of international organizations as a means to solve the problem of paramount importance for ensuring updating of international law rules and the whole mechanism of international law action in the process of rules implementation. The methodology is based on a comprehensive approach to the analysis of the object and subject of research, which covers philosophical and legal methods – dialectical method of scientific knowledge, system-structural method, empirical method, hermeneutic method, synergetic and formal-legal methods of scientific research. As a result, the growing role of international organizations as subjects of interpretation, which do not only play an essential role in international law-making and the implementation of international law but also take an active part in their interpretation, was proved. In interpreting their charters, international bodies and organizations certainly influence the content of other international norms. At the current stage, it is necessary to define international organizations’ interpretive activity as a particular type of international law-making, which consists in the official interpretation of international legal rules contained in the relevant acts. Nevertheless, they do not acquire the status of law-making bodies, and their decisions and conclusions are of a recommendatory nature.
Maria Stetsyk, Illya Pyrchak
Polonia University Scientific Journal, Volume 43, pp 287-292; https://doi.org/10.23856/4337

Abstract:
The world community has a well-founded concern about anthropogenic pollution and the danger to human health it poses. An important role in increasing the incidence of ecologically polluted areas belongs to the exposure to anthropogenic toxins, certain socio-economic conditions, lifestyle, the presence of bad habits and the nature of human nutrition, and, in particular, the interaction of these risk factors. The effect of various endogenous factors in modern socio-ecological conditions on the human body is diagnostically manifested in the form of functional shifts in the parameters of oral fluid, which are mainly adaptive-compensatory in nature. The microelement composition of biological fluids reflects the total amount of toxic substances received from the environment, which is why it is an indicator of the impact anthropogenic pollution and can be a test object in the ecological and analytical monitoring of micronutrients. The level of macro- and micronutrients and the immunoglobulin status of the altered picture reflects the state of the oral cavity local immunity, internal organs and the human environment, because the indicator, reflecting the physical status, can use the signaling system in pathological homeostasis. The most common cause of decreased body resistance is adverse long-term exogenous factors that have a pronounced effect on both the immune system and the local immunity of the oral cavity, and the trace element composition of mixed saliva can be regarded as parameters of local resistance of the oral cavity.
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