ISSN / EISSN : 2150-7511 / 2150-7511
Published by: American Society for Microbiology (10.1128)
Total articles ≅ 5,159
Latest articles in this journal
Coronaviruses (CoVs) are emerging pathogens causing life-threatening diseases in humans. Knowledge of virus-host interactions and viral subversion mechanisms of host pathways is required for the development of effective countermeasures against CoVs.
Many bacterial species use diverse systems to deliver bacteriocins or toxins to neighboring competing cells. These systems are often selective in targeting cells that are related to themselves and therefore compete in the same niches for resources.
Cellular activities are finely regulated by numerous signaling pathways to support specific functions of complex life processes. Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites.
Acinetobacter baumannii has acquired antibiotic resistance at an alarming rate, and it is becoming a serious threat to society, particularly due to the paucity of effective treatment options. Acinetobactin is a siderophore of Acinetobacter baumannii , responsible for active iron supply, and it serves as a key virulence factor to counter host nutritional immunity during infection.
African trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei . During its digenetic life cycle, T. brucei undergoes multiple developmental changes to adapt in different environments. T. brucei BF parasites, dwelling in mammalian blood, produce ATP from glycolysis and hydrolyze ATP in mitochondria for generation of inner membrane potential.
The T6SS is used by several taxa of Gram-negative bacteria to secrete toxic effector proteins to attack others. Diversification of effector collections shapes bacterial interactions and impacts the health of hosts and ecosystems in which bacteria reside.
The stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the epidermis and is thus directly exposed to the environment. It consists mainly of corneocytes, which are keratinocytes in the last stage of differentiation, having neither nuclei nor organelles.
The ability of bacteria to undergo rapid evolution and adapt to changing environmental circumstances drives the public health crisis of multiple antibiotic resistance, as well as outbreaks of disease in economically important agricultural crops and animal husbandry. Prokaryotic transposable elements (TE) play a critical role in this.
Marine sponges often form symbiotic relationships with bacteria that fulfil a specific need within the sponge holobiont, and these symbionts are often conserved within a narrow range of related taxa. To date, there exist only three known bacterial taxa ( Entoporibacteria , SAUL , and Tethybacterales ) that are globally distributed and found in a broad range of sponge hosts, and little is known about the latter two.
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein is the main target for neutralizing antibodies. These antibodies can be elicited through immunization or passively transferred as therapeutics in the form of convalescent-phase sera or monoclonal antibodies (MAbs).