PhytoKeys

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ISSN / EISSN : 1314-2011 / 1314-2003
Published by: Pensoft Publishers (10.3897)
Total articles ≅ 1,068
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Cuong Huu Nguyen, Ly Van Nguyen, Khang Sinh Nguyen, Alexander A. Egorov, Leonid V. Averyanov
Published: 22 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 108-114; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.69180

Abstract:
Hemiboea chanii, a new species of Gesneriaceae from Ha Giang Province, northern Vietnam, is here described and illustrated. It has many branched stems, diamond-shaped involucre with two cirrose opposite apices, a pink corolla, red spotted inside, and a flowering time in January-February. Among congeners with an externally hairy corolla, this new species is morphologically close to H. crystallina and H. sinovietnamica. Diagnostic discriminative characters in all mentioned species are discussed. The conservation status of this species is considered to be “Critically endangered” (CR) according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.
, Evgeniy Gusev, Yevhen Maltsev, , Irina Kuznetsova, Maxim Kulikovskiy
Published: 19 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 95-105; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.72285

Abstract:
A new cymbelloid diatom species from the genus Cymbopleura (Krammer) Krammer is described on the basis of molecular and morphological investigations. Cymbopleura natellia Glushchenko, Kulikovskiy & Kociolek, sp. nov. is, on the basis of results with molecular data, close to C. naviculiformis (Auerswald ex Heiberg) Krammer. The two species differ both by molecular distance and morphological features. Morphologically, C. natellia sp. nov. is compared with several other species in the genus. This work is a pioneer investigation of cymbelloid taxa using molecular tool from Transbaikal area.
Anjula Pandey, K. Madhav Rai, Pavan Kumar Malav, S. Rajkumar
Published: 15 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 77-93; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.65433

Abstract:
A new species, Allium negianum (Amaryllidaceae), belongs to the genus Allium subg. Rhizirideum, sect. Eduardia is described here from the Uttarakhand Himalayan region of India. This taxon grows in Malari region of Niti valley in Chamoli district and Dharma valley of Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand, India. It is a narrowly distributed species and morphologically more closer to A. przewalskianum Regel but differentiated by its tunic color of bulb, umbel with lax flowers, peduncle length, perigone colour, size and shape and leaf anatomy. Taxonomic delineation and relationship analysis based on nuclear ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) region indicated that A. negianum is distinct and related to A. przewalskianum. This study provided a comprehensive description and comparison with A. przewalskianum, an identification key and notes on the distribution of the species.
Bruce Bartholomew, Kate E. Armstrong, Rong Li,
Published: 14 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 67-76; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.71505

Abstract:
Perrottetia taronensis from the Dulong Jiang valley in northwestern Yunnan Province, China and the Babulongtan mountain range in northern Kachin State, Myanmar is here described as a new species of the Dipentodontaceae. It is the third species of the genus to be recognized for China and the first to be reported for Myanmar. It is similar to P. alpestris s.s. but differs by characters of its leaf margins, inflorescences, and fruit. The three subspecies of P. alpestris recognized by Hou in “Flora Malesiana” are here recognized as three distinct species, i.e., P. alpestris, P. moluccana, and P. philippinensis on the basis of differences in diagnostic characters and distribution. The report in the “Flora of China” of the Taiwan species P. arisanensis from Yunnan is determined to be incorrect due to misidentification of two specimens at KUN.
Bui Hong Quang, , Joongku Lee
Published: 12 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 55-65; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.69852

Abstract:
Lectotypes are designated here for the following nine validly published names: Jasminum alongense, J. anodontum, J. eberhardtii, J. harmandianum, J. lang, J. laxiflorum, J. pierreanum, J. rufohirtum, and J. sinense. Jasminum lang is reinstated as a distinct species.
Chih-Yi Chang, , Yen-Hsueh Tseng
Published: 12 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 35-53; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.70119

Abstract:
A new species of Cirsium, C. taiwanense Y.H.Tseng & Chih Y.Chang from central-northern Taiwan is reported in this article. This species is similar to C. hosokawae Kitam. in having a densely cobwebby abaxial leaf surface, but differs in its yellow (vs. vivid purplish red) corolla and the angle between the midrib and the lateral veins of the leaf, which is acute as opposed to nearly at a right angle in C. hosokawae. Cirsium taiwanense has 2n = 32 chromosomes, which is different from the other species in the Taiwanese subsect. Australicirsium Kitam. (2n = 34). An identification key to the Cirsium taxa of Taiwan is presented.
Neng Wei, Fredrick Munyao Mutie, Geoffrey Mwachala, Olwen M. Grace, , Qing-Feng Wang
Published: 11 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 21-35; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.70285

Abstract:
Euphorbia mbuinzauensis, a succulent new species of the Synadenium group in Euphorbiaceae from Makueni County, Kenya, is described and illustrated. Morphologically, it is most similar to E. pseudomollis, but differs mainly by its shrubby habit (up to 4 m), abaxial leaves surfaces with densely stellate hairs, 2–4-forked cymes, smaller bracts (ca. 2.5 × 3.0 mm), smaller cyathia (6 mm wide), crimson glands without narrow smooth margin, smaller fruits (ca. 8 × 7 mm) and ovoid seeds (ca. 1.8 × 2.2 mm). Furthermore, we performed a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Synadenium group in Euphorbia sect. Monadenium, based on complete nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) datasets. This phylogenetic inference also supports it to be a distinct species. The new species is assessed as Endangered using the IUCN criteria.
Janejaree Inuthai, , Manop Poopath, Naiyana Tetsana, Wittawat Kiewbang,
Published: 8 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.71167

Abstract:
A new species, Corybas papillatus, is described and illustrated from peninsular Thailand. The new species is easily recognized through a combination of the following characters: the purplish flower, the rounded apex of the dorsal sepal, the outer surface of dorsal sepal covered with irregular papillae in the upper half, the lateral sepals adnate laterally at the base to the connate petals, the V-shaped throat, the labellum bearing short hairs, dentate to erose labellum margins, and well-developed conical spurs. A key to the species of Corybas in Thailand is presented.
Xiao-Rui Wang, Min Li, John R. Spence, Jian-Cheng Zhao, Sulayman Mamtimin
Published: 8 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 183, pp 9-19; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.183.71642

Abstract:
Haplodontium altunense X.R.Wang & S.Mamtimin, a new moss species of the family Bryaceae from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China is described and illustrated. Genetic analysis based on ITS sequences shows that this species is a member of the Bryaceae and in the same clade as Anomobryum. Particularly distinctive features of the new species include: double peristome; the exostome has raised and membranous chomata with united lamellae between two teeth proximally; the endostome is poorly developed and all the endostomial material tightly adherent to the exostome.
Zeng Gang, , , David Kay Ferguson,
Published: 4 October 2021
PhytoKeys, Volume 182, pp 125-148; https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.182.67289

Abstract:
In this study, we sampled 48 species of Asian Cinnamomum covering the species groups that were identified in recent phylogenetic studies and conducted leaf micromorphological observations using both light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Synapomorphies were determined by means of mapping micromorphological characters on a phylogenetic tree. The results indicate that Cinnamomum exhibits two different types of leaf upper epidermis: Type I has smooth/non-reticulate periclinal walls whereas Type II has reticulate periclinal walls and is unusual in the family Lauraceae. We found that the two types of micromorphological characters are clade-specific, sect. Camphora s.s. possesses Type I leaf upper epidermis, and sect. Cinnamomum s.l. has Type II leaf upper epidermis. Our study also reveals that C. saxatile, a member of sect. Camphora s.l. in the traditional classification, actually has Type II leaf upper epidermis, thus reinforcing the result of a recent molecular phylogeny that has this species in a clade consisting mainly of species of sect. Cinnamomum.
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