JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA
ISSN / EISSN : 18583903 / 18583903
Current Publisher: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 253
Latest articles in this journal
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.19621
Abstract:Drought in Bima regency is an annual phenomenon that always happens every year and its handling is still short-term. Therefore, there needs to be a monitoring and analysis of the drought risk factors so the drought risk mapping can be conducted to plan the drought mitigation. This research aims to develop the drought risk mapping model with Geographic Information System to find out the drought risk level in Bima regency based on the relevant variables. The drought risk model used as the basic of the research is the intersection between hazard and vulnerability, which are the basic models in disaster risk study. This research uses spatial approach with quantitative method which uses statistic indicator to measure and compare several variables. The data was collected by using institutional and literature survey. The data used was secondary data. The data analysis technique used was scoring analysis, weighting, and map overlay. The result of drought risk mapping model in Bima regency was classified into 5 classes, dominated by the Middle Class. The width of the classes consequently from the highest to the lowest are: Middle ±223.232,40 ha, Middle Lower ±136.414,29 ha, Middle High ±47.971,49 ha, Low ±10.962,28 ha dan High ± 1.776,53 ha. Then the model validation was conducted through field survey, with the validity result at 83,61%. The result shows that the modeling was good enough in analyzing the drought risk spatially. For further development, it is recommended to notice the used risk model, data using, analysis unit for each parameter, and the validation that will be used.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 83-95; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.21270
Abstract:Kampung Pelangi is a settlement that was beautified through painting so that it became a tourist village in the city of Semarang, however, it still seemed slum. This causes the settlements to be unfit for the community. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the quality of settlements to alleviate slums and support tourism. This study aims to examine the improvement of the quality of settlements carried out in Kampung Pelangi in its tourism development. The method of analysis uses a quantitative approach with quantitative and qualitative descriptive analysis techniques. The results showed that the settlement quality improvement activities carried out were home improvement and settlement infrastructure. The most significant improvements experienced were changes to the roof of the house and road infrastructure. In this improvement, the socio-economic characteristics of the community have a relationship with the quality improvement activities of the settlements carried out to support Kampung Pelangi tourism. The weakest relationship was found in public education on home improvement activities with a chi-square value of 0.046 and a contingent value of 0.303 coefficient. The condition of this house needs to be further improved in terms of improving house occupancy through developing community capacity to support tourism objects in Kampung Pelangi. In the improvement of settlement infrastructure, the relationship formed was strong enough on the status of the community's house on environmental maintenance activities in Kampung Pelangi with a chi-square value of 0.028 and a coefficient of coefficient of 0.403. Community capacity building needs to be improved in terms of awareness of owning a home privately so that it can play a role in improving infrastructure to support tourism facilities and accessibility. Through the development of this capacity, it will cause the community to play a role in maintaining the quality of their housing and infrastructure. Improving the quality of settlements was developed to support Kampung Pelangi tourism in order to improve the quality of tourism objects, make it easier for tourists to visit, and can increase people's income through tourism activities.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.21824
Abstract:Bokesan village is included in the minapolitan area which is set as a development area for mina tourism. The success of tourism management needs the capacity of the community to manage tourism activities. However, its capacity is still unknown, so there is a need to study the capacity of the existing community. The research aims to assess the capacity of the community in managing tourism at Bokesan district in the Minapolitan area of Ngemplak region. The research method used was qualitative method.The results of the study show that the emergence of community capacity in tourism activities is influenced by economic and social motivation. The results of community capacity studies at the individual level indicate that the capacity of individuals who are able to support tourism activities in Bokesan district are the capacity of those in culinary, fishing spot, swimming pools owner and tour guides. While the study of organizational capacity shows that the capacity of P2MKP Mina Ngremboko organization is stronger than the capacity of Bokesan POKDARWIS organization. It is influenced by the leadership factor of the chairman of the organization. In the P2MKP Mina Ngremboko, the chairman’s’ leadership was able to direct their subordinates to have good commitment and coordination in tourism management. Whereas in the POKDARWIS Bokesan, the chairman have not been able to direct the subordinates well, so that the commitment of members becomes weak. The form of capacity building in Bokesan Village was carried out in the form of training, assistance, tourism facilities development, cooperation, recruitment, and participation in associations and communication forums.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 96-107; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.22157
Abstract:The existence of Segara Anakan Lagoon increasingly getting worse. The amount of sedimentation rate makes the lagoon has height sediment. In addition the environmental degradation that happen caused by community activity, this can make worsening the situation. This study aims to assess the resilience capacity index of lagoon community in Kampung Laut Sub-district towards the decline of lagoon area. The variables used in this study are economic, human, social, physical and ecological. The five variables have indicators that can represent the resilience if lagoon community in Kampung Laut sub-district. Based on the results of the analysis conducted, it can be seen that the resilience index of the Kampung Laut community is in the medium category with a index of 0.52. However, if this assess more deeply, the resilience of Kampung Laut community might occur because the external factor more dominating than internal factors. This situation makes the Kampung Laut community resilience pretending to have enough resistance than the real condition. Behind this condition, it makes the community dependent on assistance from external parties, so the Kampung Laut community resilience gained not because they are empowered but there are other factors that influence it.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.21435
Abstract:Handling of slum areas, especially “Kampung Kota”, should no longer be carried out by conventional means. Gentrification in kampung kota often occurs because of limited land in urban areas. Vertikal land consolidation which as one of Transferable Development Right with a non-financial compensation scheme expected as the solution on slums handled in urban areas. Apart from being able to help the government because of budget constraints, it can also help achieve better, organized and directed urban planning. Kampung Sekayu, as one of kampung kota in Semarang, which as a slum area that experienced gentrification and increasingly caught up in the development around it. This study aims to examine whether the concept of Transferable Development Rights with non-financial compensation schemes with implementation vertikal land consolidation form, it can be a solution in slums handled and prevent the occurrence of gentrification in the area. This research method uses descriptive qualitative by field observations, in-depth interviews and, literature review, and secondary data as a complement to exploring information as much as possible and saw the reality in the field. Generally, a concept of vertikal land consolidation received a good response from stakeholders in Semarang City but related to non-financial compensation which generally given the form of zonation bonuses with excess building floors being constrained. it because of zoning permit arrangements in Semarang City which above 5 floors on the authority of Transportation Agency in relation to flight operation safety area (KKOP) of Ahmad Yani Airport in Semarang City. Non-financial compensation scheme that most beneficial to ease of licensed from Semarang city government..
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i2.21049
Abstract:At present 50% of the world's population lives in urban areas and it is estimated that in 2025 the Indonesian population living in urban areas is 68%. The tendency of people to stay near the city center caused a physical expansion in the suburbs. Jambi City as one of the big cities on the island of Sumatra also experienced physical development of the city with a high rate of development in the periphery to penetrate the jurisdiction (under bounded city) to the territory of the authority of Muaro Jambi Regency. Therefore, the physical development of Jambi City in the future needs to be predicted to overcome various problems that can occur related to urbanization, one of which is the threat of potential conversion of paddy fields and dryland agriculture in Muaro Jambi Regency which is directly adjacent to Jambi City. Dynamic modeling of urban expansion can be described by applying the Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation Cellular Automata algorithm (SMCE CA). The analysis used included identification of trends in the physical development of Jambi City, identification of determinants of city physical development, Spatial Multi Cellular Automata Criteria Evaluation (SMCE CA) modeling, and model validation. Validation of modeling results shows overall accuracy of 92.5% and kappa value of 0.8369. Observation of the growth trend of the city of Jambi in the period 2000 to 2016 showed that the growth of built-up land was 295.1 hectares per year. The results of the spatial projection of the physical development of Jambi City in 2033 show the direction of the development of Jambi City to Muaro Jambi Regency with the dominance of growth to the west towards Jambi Luar Kota District with a growth rate of 159.2 hectares per year, to the southeast towards Sungai Gelam Subdistrict 97.9 hectares per year, and to the east towards Kumpeh Ulu District, amounting to 31.5 hectares per year. The size of paddy fields and dryland agriculture threatened with conversion in 2033 is 1036.1 hectares. The Muaro Jambi District Government needs to pay special attention to the potential areas affected by the physical expansion of Jambi City.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 70-82; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i1.20713
Abstract:As the capital of the province of East Kalimantan, Samarinda City developments has a rapid progress from year to year. Samarinda City Development has a tendency oriented towards infrastructure development without regard to the existence of the quality of the existing environment. Imbalance of development in Samarinda city is to start decreasing the water catchment area, so its make increasing intensity of flood in the Samarinda City. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of changes in land use in the Samarinda city on the ability of the water catchment area. This research method using descriptive approach, the data collection system of primary and secondary. Intensity flood in the Samarinda city is increasing from year to year, this condition happened as a problem that always occurs during the rainy season. Current development trends, always take an area that should be an infiltration area for Samarinda City. Culture and inadequate infrastructure conditions such as lack of system of drainage and polder, was another factor causing the high intensity of flood in Samarinda City. Therefore, the relevant regulations development guidelines for Samarinda City must consider all aspects of planning, in this case especially the important of a balance of cultivated land and protected areas or zones.Keywords: Changes in land use; intensity of puddles; Samarinda
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 47-57; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i1.17716
Abstract:Malioboro Street is one of street in Yogyakarta City that become tourist destination, especially for shopping, for local and foreign tourists that is visited by more than 4000 people every day so that the need for parking in this area was high. The Yogyakarta City Government responded by providing Abu Bakar Ali Parking Building at north of Malioboro Street and imposing a parking restriction throughout the area to maintain its parking neatness. However, the visitors still prefer to park their vehicles in the parking bags around Malioboro Street. The purpose of this study is to determine the behavior of visitors in choosing parking location at Malioboro Tourism Area during weekdays and weekend using Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) method. It is known from the analysis result that Abu Bakar Parking Building performance is still not accommodate visitors’ need because of its location that does not suit their travel purpose and destination. The performance of this building is said to be not good because based on the analysisit is found that the behavior of Malioboro Touism Area visitor is influenced by travel purpose and parking service characteristics. In addition, visit time, ie weekdays and weekend also influences the visitor’s behavior in choosing parking location. For that reason, in determining the location of parking buildings in the tourism area, the city government should think about visitor’s behavior and their visit time to in order to optimalize the usage of the parking building provided.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 58-69; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i1.17718
Abstract:Market waste is one waste generation from commercial areas that influence the municipal waste generation. Thus it is necessary to manage effectively and efficiently in order to be sustainable in environmental, social and economical. Talang market is one of the traditional markets in Solok Regency which has an area of ± 3.30 Ha, is the largest and most crowded market in Solok Regency. This market operates every Wednesday with 420 merchants. The problem is there is still a lot of waste disposed in the open air, not all of them be transported to landfill. In addition, there is still a lot of waste scattered in the corners of kiosks and market hallway after the market operates. The purpose of this study is to examine the performance and factors that influence the performance of waste management services based on the opinion of traders and market managers in Talang Market, Gunung Talang District, Solok Regency. This research uses descriptive statistical method with quantitative approach. Analyze technique is done by scoring and factor analysis with tangible variable, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, finance, social and environment with 208 respondents. The result of this research is the performance of waste management service of Talang Market has bad category with the score of 2.58 in range interval 2-2,667. The main factors affecting the performance are operational technical factors. Other important factors are financing factor and service quality, service effectiveness factor, individual role factor, personnel quality factor, service guarantee factor and waste minimization factor at source. Recommendation from the research that is in according with the main factors as well as the less and poor performance that is required optimization of transportation, transfer, collection, warehousing, the ability of personnel and increase the participation of individuals in waste management.
JURNAL PEMBANGUNAN WILAYAH & KOTA, Volume 15, pp 20-32; doi:10.14710/pwk.v15i1.21008
Abstract:One of the main regional income sectors of Maluku Province comes from the tourism sector. As one of the main sectors to generate regional income, the tourism sector must be further developed so that the results can also be felt more optimally for the government and the community. One of the efforts carried out by the Central Government and the Regional Government of Maluku Province to develop the tourism sector is through organizing an international level tourism event, namely Sail Banda Event held in Banda District, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province. This study aims to evaluate the extent to which the development of the Banda Subdistrict area after the implementation of the Sail Banda Event and the impacts that have been made on the development of the Banda Subdistrict area. This is because even though the Sail Banda Event has been carried out but it is suspected that there was no impact from the holding of the event to increase the income and health of the local community in Banda District. In this study, the approach used is a qualitative deductive approach using analysis of regional development achievements. The results of this analyzes will be used to see the impact of organizing the Sail Banda Event. The findings of this study are that the implementation of the Sail Banda Event in Banda District does not have a significant impact on increasing the income and welfare of the community. Of the four objectives of organizing the Banda Sail Event, only one goal was achieved, namely increasing tourist visits.