Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1858-3903 / 1858-3903
Published by: Diponegoro University (10.14710)
Total articles ≅ 288
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DOAJ
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Vica Gitya Haryanti, Nany Yuliastuti
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota, Volume 17, pp 287-294; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i3.37022

Abstract:
Coastal innudation which is still happening today in the coastal area of Semarang City has caused the affected area to become socially vulnerable. This study aims to identify the effect of coastal innudation on conditions of social vulnerability in North Semarang District, Semarang City. The method used in this study is a quantitative method using quantitative descriptive analysis techniques and scoring analysis. The analysis was carried out using descriptive analysis of the condition of coastal innudation which caused social vulnerability and scoring analysis which resulted in the level of social vulnerability in the District of North Semarang. The result of this research is that the coastal innudation in North Semarang District affects social vulnerability which is classified into 3 categories, namely high, medium and low social vulnerability. High social vulnerability dominates the social vulnerability value in North Semarang Sub-District because 4 out of 9 urban villages in North Semarang Sub-District have a high vulnerability value due to coastal innudation.
Gratia Ananda Sinaga, Karina Pradinie Tucunan
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota, Volume 17, pp 266-275; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i3.34417

Dian Zuchraeni Ekasari Hasanuddin
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 214-229; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.36541

Abstract:
Smart City is inevitable in a world of rapid technological developments and accompanied by various urban challenges. The implementation of smart city could become very technical and mechanistic, in a way that deprived from its essential role as a means of citizens’ livelihood. This concern is reflected in the main critics (Hollands, 2008; Krivy, 2016; Cardullo & Kitchin, 2018;) of the technocratic, unequal, and less citizen-centric characters of smart city. Since most of the criticism resulted from research on smart cities in other countries, it is interesting to examine smart citizen aspect in Indonesia especially as smart city has been implemented in more than a hundred cities within a decade. Therefore, this paper explores the existence of citizen digital participation channels in Medan, Jakarta and Surabaya, as well as its position in the classic Ladder of Citizen Participation from Arnstein (1969) and the recent Ladder of Participation in Civic Technology from Offenhuber (2015). The analysis finds the highest ladder of participation is Partnership in the form of Hackathon in Jakarta. Placation is the second highest ladder found in Medan, Surabaya, and Jakarta through Development Planning Deliberations forum or Musrenbang. These findings along with its relation to smart governance and smart people aspects provide a portrait of citizens' significance in the multidimensional development of Indonesian Smart City.
Muhammad Nuzul, Mahmud Achmad, Andang Suryana Soma
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 192-206; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.34152

Abstract:
The history of floods that have occurred in Baubau City from 2009 to 2018 occurred as many as 20 cases, submerging population buildings with a total of 1,206 units. To reduce the impacts that have previously occurred, this study aims to determine the potential flood areas in the Baubau watershed with a return period of 5 to 100 years. The first thing to do is to know the design flood discharge using 10 years of rainfall data analyzed by the Nakayasu Synthetic Unit Hydrograph method. From the results of the field survey data on river hydrological characteristics and watershed morphometric parameters were obtained then analyzed with a hydraulic model using HEC-RAS 5.0.7 software then exported to HEC-GeoRAS is a tool of ArcGis version 10.5. Based on the results of the hydrological model integrated into the hydraulic model in the findings of this study, an estimate of physical, social and economic losses is obtained as well as maps of spatial-based flood potential areas that occur in 3 sub-districts namely Murhum sub-district, Batupoaro sub-district and Wolio sub-district scattered in 7 urban villages through which the Baubau river flows with a high risk class status level.
Warid Zul Ilmi, Adnin Musadri Asbi, Tamaluddin Syam
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 149-167; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.33130

Abstract:
This research aims to identify the characteristics of informal areas in Kelurahan Kota Karang and Kelurahan Kangkung and their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Climate change is a high-risk threat in the future, events such as flash floods, tidal flooding and water crisis will continue to worsen in coastal areas, and informal communities as a vulnerable group will be greatly affected by this. The method of data collection in this study uses the independent interview method, literature review and observation. The data analysis method used is descriptive qualitative analysis. According to the results of the analysis, the region has endeavored to deal with various shocks and pressures, and has characteristics of resilience as a capital of resilience in facing the impacts of climate change. However, they have not been able to solve all the existing problems.
Paulus Bimo Wijayanto, Maryono Maryono
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 168-182; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.22499

Abstract:
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is a process by evaluating environmental impacts and ensuring that the principles of sustainability are integrated in decision making. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in Indonesia is regulated in a law stipulated by the government which stipulates that it is the duty of both the government and local governments to carry out both development planning and spatial planning. Salatiga City in spatial planning in accordance with the existing guidelines implements SEA, namely in making the Regional Spatial Plan and Detailed Spatial Plan. The rules and policies that are continuously updated by the government regarding the procedures for implementing SEA require understanding from stakeholders who have an interest in Policies, Plans and Programs (KRP) in spatial planning in Salatiga City, with good quality understanding by stakeholders can ensure that the stages of implementing SEA running well and integrating SEA into the KRP spatial planning that ensures environmental damage can be minimized. The purpose of this research is to examine the effectiveness of the implementation of SEA in spatial planning in the city of Salatiga and it is hoped that it can provide alternative steps for implementing SEA which can be used as a direction in the implementation of SEA based on existing facts and conditions. The data used in this study consist of primary data and secondary data which refer to the SEA implementation tools, namely Rules and Policies, Documents and Reports, Institutional Tools, Implementation Standard Operating Procedures, Monitoring, Evaluation and Feedback. The research method used is a mixed method research by combining qualitative and quantitative analysis. From the results of the analysis, it can be seen that the implementation of SEA in the City of Salatiga in spatial planning still needs to be considered in order to run effectively, even though the resulting SEA process has adjusted to the existing regulations but still in activities such as monitoring, evaluation and feedback still need to be carried out in an effective manner. maximum because these activities constitute control over decision making in Activities, Plans and Programs in the resulting spatial planning and stakeholder understanding of the institutional instruments of SEA in Salatiga City still need to be improved because not all existing instruments are understood and are still in a category that is not all in categories really understand evenly so that steps are needed that are adjusted to the existing conditions in an effort to increase the effectiveness of the implementation of SEA so that the resulting SEA can run effectively and maximally.
Erny Tamburaka, Hasddin Hasddin
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 137-148; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.32385

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of vulnerability and direction of flood control in Mandonga District, Kendari City. The study used a quantitative descriptive design and a survey. The population and sample of the research in Mandonga District, the informants were determined by purposive sampling. Data were analyzed spatially (GIS namely ArcView 3.2) and descriptive qualitative. Flood vulnerability in Mandonga District, Kendari City is in “high” vulnerability covering an area of 137.02 ha or 31.55%; “Medium” vulnerability covering an area of 79.07 ha or 18.21%; and “low” vulnerability covering an area of 218.14 ha or about 50.24%. The directions for flood control that can be taken are construction and repair/maintenance of infrastructure such as drainage; river normalization; manufacture of injection wells (Atificial Recharge) and infiltration wells; integrated sewer; application of bioretical technology; creation of green open areas (RTH); and afforestation or reforestation.
Suci Senjana, Nunik Junara, Elok Mutiara
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 207-213; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.36537

Abstract:
Urban areas have the character of increasingly dense buildings and less land that can be used for green infrastructure. So that the option to increase green open space is increasingly difficult. Along with the population growth in Kampung Arab and the low number of public facilities, the environment became very crowded and have less adequate public open spaces for the residents who lived here. Kampung Arab itself is a settlement dominated by Muslim residents who have been in this area for a long time. This study aims to analyze the feasibility of applying the pocket garden concept to Islamic residential kasawan which is currently in a congested condition. The first step is to collect data from observations, surveys and literature selection. Then, the method used to analyze is discourse analysis and selective criteria. These two processes show the results in the form of the benefits of the pocket garden concept in settlements, a map of the location at a point in Kampung Arab which can be used as a pocket garden and a map of the distance from the pocket garden to the surrounding house. These findings explain that the concept of green open space for narrow land can improve the quality of life for urban communities, especially those in Kampung Arab. Therefore, the application of the concept as a concept that is suitable for use in the future both in planning and designing in Kampung Arab, urban areas of the population. There are related professions that can work using this system such as spatial policy makers, planners, and architects.
Sylvia Agustina, Desi Safriana, Jannata Ardesir, Rifani Nasron
Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, Volume 17, pp 240-250; https://doi.org/10.14710/pwk.v17i2.36528

Abstract:
The Spatial Planning Law of the Republic of Indonesia requires cities to provide a minimum of 30% land for green open space (RTH). In the midst of meeting this target, the commercial use of public green open space is growing. The situation can potentially reduce the effective area used for the public and affect the quantity of space, as well as the quality of citizen interaction with green open space. This study aims to identify the type and level of public green open space commercialization in Banda Aceh, identify research themes related to green open space commercialization, and formulate a priority list for further study taking into account the conditions of the Covid-19 pandemic. The research was conducted through focus group discussions, field observations, interviews and opinion polls. Preliminary research results in Banda Aceh indicate that commercial activities have the potential to transform public green open space into quasi-public. The presence of multi actors in the management of commercial activities in RTH can be a synergy, but it can also be a contest. The impact of the decrease in visits and the intensity of commercial activities occurred in the early days of the pandemic, but has increased again so that special handling is needed. The focus of research related to the use of green open space as an alternative space for interaction, especially during the pandemic, needs to be formulated with an interdisciplinary approach. The identified priority research agendas are those of applied research characteristics, namely the complete mapping of green open space that is affected by commercial activities and the application of micro zoning to control space use in green open space, including to mitigate the potential spread of the covid-19 outbreak.
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