European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

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ISSN / EISSN : 0940-1334 / 1433-8491
Current Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1007)
Total articles ≅ 3,767
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Syed Ijlal Ahmed, Farhan Khalid, Syeda Beenish Bareeqa, Syeda Sana Samar
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01212-0

Osama ElYamany, Gregor Leicht, Christoph S. Herrmann, Christoph Mulert
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience pp 1-22; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01209-9

Abstract:
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is a unique form of non-invasive brain stimulation. Sinusoidal alternating electric currents are delivered to the scalp to affect mostly cortical neurons. tACS is supposed to modulate brain function and, in turn, cognitive processes by entraining brain oscillations and inducing long-term synaptic plasticity. Therefore, tACS has been investigated in cognitive neuroscience, but only recently, it has been also introduced in psychiatric clinical trials. This review describes current concepts and first findings of applying tACS as a potential therapeutic tool in the field of psychiatry. The current understanding of its mechanisms of action is explained, bridging cellular neuronal activity and the brain network mechanism. Revisiting the relevance of altered brain oscillations found in six major psychiatric disorders, putative targets for the management of mental disorders using tACS are discussed. A systematic literature search on PubMed was conducted to report findings of the clinical studies applying tACS in patients with psychiatric conditions. In conclusion, the initial results may support the feasibility of tACS in clinical psychiatric populations without serious adverse events. Moreover, these results showed the ability of tACS to reset disturbed brain oscillations, and thus to improve behavioural outcomes. In addition to its potential therapeutic role, the reactivity of the brain circuits to tACS could serve as a possible tool to determine the diagnosis, classification or prognosis of psychiatric disorders. Future double-blind randomised controlled trials are necessary to answer currently unresolved questions. They may aim to detect response predictors and control for various confounding factors.
Kristina Adorjan, Simon Langgartner, Maximilian Maywald, Susanne Karch, Oliver Pogarell
Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01211-1

Abstract:
The last 2 decades have seen an increase in the number of reports of excessive internet use. Therefore, this study aimed to examine internet use among university students to gain more insight into the novel phenomenon of addictive internet use (AIU). Data were collected by the means of an online questionnaire sent to 4391 students. Approximately 10% of the 4391 students could be included in the statistical analysis. Of those 483 students, almost all (99.2%) used the internet, and a quarter (24.8%) showed AIU. The students used the internet mostly for information searches, random browsing, social networking, and online shopping; however, AIU was seen most often in the areas of social networking, random browsing, information searches, gaming, and pornography. One in four of the respondents showed addictive behavior in at least one area of internet use. Students with AIU in the area of random browsing were significantly less far advanced in their studies than those without AIU, and well-being was significantly poorer across AIU groups than in those who did not show AIU. The study confirms the importance of AIU, as reflected in the high prevalence of AIU among the students and the significantly lower level of well-being in those with AIU. Undifferentiated consideration of AIU does not do justice to its various facets, and future research should consider all areas of internet use, with the aim to increase understanding of the underlying mechanisms of AIU and develop more differentiated treatment approaches.
James Luccarelli, Thomas H. McCoy, Alec P. Shannon, Brent P. Forester, Stephen J. Seiner, Michael E. Henry
European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01202-2

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Youge Qu, Jiajing Shan, Siming Wang, Lijia Chang, Yaoyu Pu, Xingming Wang, Yunfei Tan, Masayuki Yamamoto, Kenji Hashimoto
Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01208-w

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Hélène Verdoux, Clélia Quiles, Laura Bon, Isabelle Chéreau-Boudet, Julien Dubreucq, Emilie Legros-Lafarge, Nathalie Guillard-Bouhet, Catherine Massoubre, Julien Plasse, Nicolas Franck
Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten pp 1-10; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01207-x

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Gry Bang-Kittilsen, Jens Egeland, Tom Langerud Holmen, Therese Torgersen Bigseth, Eivind Andersen, Jon Mordal, Pål Ulleberg, John Abel Engh
European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences pp 1-15; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01200-4

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European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences pp 1-13; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01199-8

Abstract:
According to psychodynamic and cognitive models of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), anger and aggression play an important role in the development and maintenance of the disorder. (Sub-) clinical samples with OCD have reported higher anger and anger suppression. Patients with checking-related symptoms of OCD showed a less aggressive self-concept as assessed by an Implicit Association Test (IAT). This study assessed anger and aggressiveness self-concepts in OCD as well as possible mediators of the link between OCD and aggressiveness. A total of 48 patients with OCD and 45 healthy controls were included. Measures included the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II and an aggressiveness self-concept IAT (Agg-IAT). An inflated sense of responsibility, non-acceptance of emotions, and social desirability were tested as mediators. As expected, patients with OCD reported higher trait anger and anger suppression compared to healthy controls. Contrary to hypotheses, the aggressiveness self-concept (Agg-IAT) did not differ between groups. The inflated sense of responsibility mediated the relationship between group and anger suppression. Non-acceptance of negative emotions mediated the relationship between group and trait anger, as well as anger suppression. However, comorbidities and medication may account for some effect in anger suppression. Elevated trait anger and anger suppression in OCD patients could be explained by dysfunctional beliefs or maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. Emotion regulation therapy might help to enhance awareness and acceptance of emotions and possibly improve treatment outcomes.
Yingjian Liang, Meizhu Chen, Xiaobin Zheng, Changli Tu, Cuiyan Tan, Jing Liu
Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten pp 1-2; doi:10.1007/s00406-020-01204-0

Abstract:
Chen Q, Liang M, Li Y, Guo J, Fei D, Wang L, He L, Sheng C, Cai Y, Li X, Wang J, Zhang Z (2020) Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry 7:e15–e16 Article PubMed Central Google Scholar Liang Y, Chen M, Zheng X, Liu J (2020) Screening for Chinese medical staff mental health by SDS and SAS during the outbreak of COVID-19. J Psychosom Res 133:110102 Article PubMed Central Google Scholar Kang L, Li Y, Hu S, Chen M, Yang C, Yang BX, Wang Y, Hu J, Lai J, Ma X, Chen J, Guan L, Wang G, Ma H, Liu Z (2020) The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. Lancet Psychiatry 7:e14 Article PubMed Central Google Scholar Spoorthy MS, Pratapa SK, Mahant S (2020) Mental health problems faced by healthcare workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic—A review. Asian J Psychiatr 51:102119 Article PubMed Central Google Scholar Moreno C, Wykes T, Galderisi S, Nordentoft M, Crossley N, Jones N, Cannon M, Correll CU, Byrne L, Carr S, Chen E, Gorwood P, Johnson S, Kärkkäinen H, Krystal JH, Lee J, Lieberman J, López-Jaramillo C, Männikkö M, Phillips MR, Uchida H, Vieta E, Vita A, Arango C (2020) How mental health care should change as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry 7:813–824 Article PubMed Central Google Scholar Download references This work was supported by the Emergency project of clinical research on the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 with traditional Chinese medicine from Guangdong provincial bureau of traditional Chinese medicine, China (grant numbers 2020ZYYJ16), Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (grant number (2020A151501153), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (grant numbers 19ykpy51), Open project of Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Control (Sun Yat-sen University), Ministry of Education (grant number 2020kfkt04/07) and Zhuhai science and technology innovation Bureau (grant number ZH22036302200021PWC, 2019.02-2019.12). Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (PCCM), Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 52 East Meihua Rd, Zhuhai City, 519000, China Yingjian Liang, Meizhu Chen, Xiaobin Zheng, Changli Tu, Cuiyan Tan & Jing Liu You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar Correspondence to Jing Liu. The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work. All authors have read and approved the manuscript. Reprints and Permissions Liang, Y., Chen, M., Zheng, X. et al. The psychological status of frontline health workers confronting COVID-19 after local cases eradication in Zhuhai, Southern China. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-020-01204-0 Download citation Received: 04 August 2020 Accepted: 14 October 2020 Published: 01 November 2020 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-020-01204-0
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