Physical Science International Journal
EISSN : 2348-0130
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 612
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 17 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 21-28; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i1030285
In the Sahelian zone, air cooling in house by air-soil heat exchanger is an alternative in the context of insufficient of electrical energy. This work is about cooling of a habitat in Ouagadougou by numerical approach. Numerical results provided a better understanding of the influence of parameters such as tube length, air velocity and soil temperature on the thermal efficiency of this system. We analyze the effects of parameters such as renewal air flow rate, soil temperature and number of tubes. The results show that during the hot periods of the day, the Canadian well cool air in habitat.
Published: 14 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i1030284
Two classes of three-dimensional metric spaces are identified. They are the conventional three-dimensional metric space and a new ‘three-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic metric space. Whereas an initial flat conventional proper metric space IE′3 can transform into a curved three-dimensionalRiemannian metric space IM′3 without any of its dimension spanning the time dimension (or in the absence of the time dimension), in conventional Riemann geometry, an initial flat ‘three-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic metric space ∅IˆE3 (as a flat hyper-surface) along the horizontal, evolves into a curved ‘three-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic metric space ∅IˆM3, which is curved (as a curved hyper-surface) toward the absolute intrinsic metric time ‘dimension’ along the vertical, and it is identified as ‘three-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic Riemannian metric space. It invariantly projects a flat ‘three-dimensional’ absolute proper intrinsic metric space ∅IE′3ab along the horizontal, which is made manifested outwardly in flat ‘three-dimensional’ absolute proper metric space IE′3ab, overlying it, both as flat hyper-surfaces along the horizontal. The flat conventional three-dimensional relative proper metric space IE′3 and its underlying flat three-dimensional relative proper intrinsic metric space ∅IE′3 remain unchanged. The observers are located in IE′3. The projective ∅IE′3ab is imperceptibly embedded in ∅IE′3 and IE′3ab in IE′3. The corresponding absolute intrinsic metric time ‘dimension’ is not curved from its vertical position simultaneously with ‘three-dimensional’ absolute intrinsic metric space. The development of absolute intrinsic Riemannian geometry is commenced and the conclusion that the resulting geometry is more all-encompassing then the conventional Riemannian geometry on curved conventional metric space IM′3 only is reached.
Published: 14 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 39-54; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i930283
This work is a contribution of a modelling of air conditioner by adsorption for a habitat in a tropical climate. The system mainly consists of a captor adsorber powered by a geothermal pump, a condenser and an evaporator. We use the zeolite/methanol couple and the different thresholds temperatures to define the thermodynamic system cycle. Moreover, we use a methodology based on nodal approach to establish heat and mass transfer equations. Dubinin-Astakhov thermodynamic model is employed to express the mass adsorbed, the coefficient of performance (COP) and the cold production. We make use of the climatic data in Comoros for 2009-2019 period to obtain the ambient temperature. The model validation is done by comparing the shape of the cycle we obtain with the state of the art. First, the results show a relationship between temperature, pressure and adsorbed mass. The increase in temperature is accompanied by an increase of pressure and an increase of adsorbed mass, and in the same way a decrease in the temperature causes a decrease of the pressure as well as a decrease of adsorbed mass. The mixture zeolite/methanol reaches 356K at the regeneration temperature with an input water temperature of 363K. We observed the influence of main important parameters on the mixture temperature such as fluid input temperature, fluid velocity or zeolite thermal conductivity. Finally, we show the thresholds temperatures influence on the COP and the cold production at evaporator.
Published: 14 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 31-38; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i930282
In this paper, using a suitable change of variable and applying the Adomian decomposition method to the generalized nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation, we obtain the analytical solution, taking into account the parameters such as the self-steepening factor, the second-order dispersive parameter, the third-order dispersive parameter and the nonlinear Kerr effect coefficient, for pulses that contain just a few optical cycle. The analytical solutions are plotted. Under influence of these effects, pulse did not maintain its initial shape.
Published: 13 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 12-22; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i930280
In this work, the pulse propagation in a nonlinear dispersive optical medium is numerically investigated. The finite difference time-domain scheme of third order and periodic boundary conditions are used to solve generalized nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation governing the propagation of the pulse. As a result a discrete system of ordinary differerential equations is obtained and solved numerically by fourth order Runge-Kutta algorithm. Varied input ultrashort laser pulses are used. Accurate results of the solutions are obtained and the comparison with other results is excellent.
Published: 13 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i930279
Loop Quantum Gravity is a theory that attempts to describe the quantum mechanics of the gravitational field based on the canonical quantization of General Relativity. According to Loop Quantum Gravity, in a gravitational field, geometric quantities such as area and volume are quantized in terms of the Planck length. In this paper we present the basic ideas for a future, mathematically more rigorous, attempt to combine black holes and gravitational waves using the quantization of geometric quantities introduced by Loop Quantum Gravity.
Published: 13 December 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 23-30; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i930281
We show here that entropic information is capable of unifying all aspects of the universe at all scales in a coherent and global theoretical mathematical framework materialized by entropic information framework, theory and formulas, where dark matter, dark energy and gravity are truly informationals processes and where information is code and code is what creates the process, it is itself the process. Mass, energy and movement of information are respectively dark matter, dark energy, and gravity. Here, we reconcile general relativity and quantum mechanics by introducing quantum gravity for the Planckian scale. The formulas of entropic information are expressed in natural units, physical units of measurement based only on universal constants, constants, which refer to the basic structure of the laws of physics: C and G are part of the structure of space-time in general relativity, and h captures the relationship between energy and frequency that is the basis of quantum mechanics. Here we show that entropic information formulas are able to present entropic information in various unifying aspects and introduce gravity at the Planck scale. We prove that Entropic information theory is thus building the bridge between general relativity and quantum mechanics
Physical Science International Journal pp 81-88; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i830278
Taking into account the interaction between the engine oil and the crankshaft to model crankshaft thermomechanical behavior under dynamic loading is very important. In particular, when the crankshaft is working in severe conditions. This paper deal with an air cooled direct injection-type engine crankshaft thermomechanical FEM modelling account for engine oil-cranks half interaction in severe working conditions. As case of application we consider the diesel engine Deutz F8L413. The model takes into account 2 forced convectives heat flux: engine oil and crankcase air. The severe mechanical and thermal characteristics of engine are experimentally measured on a bench test equipped with a hydraulic brake. The temperature distribution inside the crankshaft was computed using the measured temperature as boundary conditions. The most thermo-mechanical stressed zones of the crankshaft have been determined. The fatigue resistance of the crankshaft under thermo-mechanical conditions was examined using Dang-Van multi-axial fatigue criteria. To prove our model efficiency, we have compared crankshaft damage in service to the numerical simulation results. It was found the breakage occurred in an area where the numerical simulations give the highest stresses.
Physical Science International Journal pp 44-80; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i830277
For long time the nature of spacetime had been the subject of debate, here another version will be discussed in the form of space and time fields where a new concept of energy constraining can explain the interactions between those fields. This model comes in three parts: energy constraining, where the evolution of the quanton fields and their different transitions are discussed, the second part, energy fields, their degrees of freedom and the third part: electromagnetic waves as relativistic quantons and the generic form of Maxwell quations in terms of space and time fields. This work links many of the physical phenomena back to the quanton based world.
Published: 22 November 2021
Physical Science International Journal pp 32-43; https://doi.org/10.9734/psij/2021/v25i830276
The “BENIN TERMINAL” machines are maintained by company technicians who encounter difficulties in the operations carried out on these machines. In fact, it is about improving the procedure for installing and removing engines and gearboxes for BENIN TERMINAL mobile vehicles through the study and design of a single scissor lift table. It has a lifting capacity of 2 tons, a width of 900 mm, a total length of 1900 mm and a maximum height of 2000 mm using a hydraulic system. It works with 12 V batteries, simple and height-adjustable workspace. The lifting table also allows certain operations requiring an average height to be carried out.This device was developed for the BENIN TERMINAL garage in order to reduce the efforts and risks encountered by technicians when installing or removing engines and gearboxes on certain machines, in particular heavy machines such as Reach Stackers and 16ton forklifts.