Journal of Scientific Research and Reports

Journal Information
EISSN : 2320-0227
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 1,484
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Awèdéo Maloukou, , Hodabalo Kamou
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 13-24; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i830537

Abstract:
The exploitation of rocky outcrops is increasing and leading to the loss of biodiversity in the canton of Agbélouvé and its surroundings. This study aims to assess the impact of the exploitation of these rocks on the flora and vegetation, in order to contribute to the sustainable management of plant resources. It is based on floristic inventories of the exploitation sites and off-site. The collected data was processed by the Excel 2016 spreadsheet, and software XLSTAT 2008. The results of this research show that this activity is at the origin of the destruction of the vegetation cover and the modification of the topographic landscape. 234 species were recorded in 96 surveys, including 95 species belonging to 41 families on the exploitation sites, compared to 139 species belonging to 51 families off-site. The Shannon diversity indexes are 1.86 and 2 respectively on and off sites. Pielou's equitability index is 0.94 on the exploitation sites and 0.93 off-site. The analysis of the biological spectrum shows the predominance of phanerophytes (60.76%) off sites against (37%) therophytes on the exploitation sites. The analysis of the phytogeographical spectrum indicates the predominance of Afro-tropical species on the two sites explored. Faced with the negative impacts of the exploitation of the rock formations on the vegetation, it is necessary to take measures for the restoration of the exploitation sites.
, Kouakou N’Guessan Kan Pulchérie, Atsin Guy Jöel Olivier, Diarassouba Moussa, Lehi Malydie Irénée, Koffi Antoine, Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire, Obouayeba Samuel
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i830536

Abstract:
The classic latex harvesting system consists of top-down tapping for nine years before being immediately followed by reverse tapping. This period is often considered too long by the farmers. To address this concern, a study was conducted to determine the best period for down tapping to ensure good performance of agrophysiological parameters in reverse tapping of fast metabolising rubber clones. For this purpose, the PB 260 and IRCA 18 clones were used as plant material in Divo and Daoukro respectively, where the experiments were conducted. Five time frames for down-bleeding (5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 years = control) and two concentrations of ethephon (ET) stimulating paste (2.5 and 5% ET), except for the control which is stimulated only at 5% ET, were tested. The experimental design was a Fisher block design with 9 treatments and 4 replicates. Rubber productivity results (5262 ± 205 and 4951 ± 351 kg.ha-1.yr-1) showed that reverse tapping of these metabolically active clones preceded by 5 and/or 6 years of down tapping was the best (3723 ± 29 kg.ha-1.yr-1 ; control). Rubber production and average annual increment from these tapping periods (4.00 ± 0.42 and 3.60 ± 0.00 cm.yr-1 ; control) were the highest. Productivity gains were 41% for reverse tapping at 6 years stimulated at 5%. The dry notch rate was relatively low (3.30% LEM and 0% dry trees). The physiological profile was generally good. These results indicate that downward bleeding for 5 and/or 6 years allows these clones to express their best potential in reverse bleeding. These results are satisfactory and respond exactly to the concerns of the farmers.
, Pawan D. Kale, Shon G. Nemane, Ayush J. Sharma, Pradnya More
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 41-49; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i730534

Abstract:
The impact of a warehouse management system on supply chain performance is investigated in this study, to create a less resource-intensive, more efficient, and dependable inventory management system. Before designing the software to manage the required transactions, the warehouse's supply chain operations were analyzed. The software was evaluated for its ability to optimize workflow and provide timely and effective service. The data was collected from a Jordanian telecoms service provider's warehouse. Furthermore, the facility layout was assessed, and a manufacturing station was built within the warehouse, resulting in improved warehouse area optimization and use. Bundling, labeling, and repackaging are the three procedures of the production station. Product receipt, processing, and delivery are all handled by the system. Each stage of the product lifecycle was thoroughly investigated, and defects in the process and procedure were discovered. Some scholars may use this work as a practical reference and an example to compare Jordan's telecoms sector's software inventory management system to the traditional manual system. It also draws attention to the gap between theory and reality to encourage academics to create and tailor innovative supply chain disruption mitigation solutions.
, Ghilson B. Amor, Robin G. Mazorca, Ritchell B. Nacional, Jonas P. Villas
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 50-63; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i730535

Abstract:
Education amidst COVID 19 was a big challenge faced by the government as It challenges the educational system in terms of financial, technological, and emotional constraints faced by the administrators, teachers, and students. This study was able to identify the challenges of teachers and students in teaching and learning, as well as how these challenges are addressed with solutions in the context of the new normal. The study made use of a qualitative research design to gather in-depth insights about the problem and generate new ideas for research. Theoretical sampling is used as prescribed for grounded theory. It identifies the participants which allow a theory to emerge and supports the conducting of interviews with an initial interview from the school principal until saturation is achieved. The results of the study showed that the school recognizes the challenges like teachers’ complaints, insufficiency of the number of employees in school, accountability of school’s properties, current principal’s role, the new normal situation, constraints of school activities, transportation issues, limitation of transaction in school, issues of onsite monitoring, choice of modality, the safety of parents and teachers, and coordination with the barangay officials. In addition, challenges for teachers are teaching delivery and strategies, assurance of students’ learning, poor internet connectivity, the authenticity of assessment, and the safety of teachers and parents. The teachers also observed the issues faced by the students such as parental support, inability to meet the resources needed for learning, modality issues, adjustment to the new normal way of education, and failure of producing outputs on target dates. The school responded with solutions like collaboration among staff, good and strong relationships with different stakeholders, and transformational leadership of the principal. The mechanism utilized in addressing the challenges faced is a learning continuity plan, an agreed choice of modality, and capacity building program.
Olusegun Oladeinde
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 30-40; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i730533

Abstract:
Academic labour process in the context of neo-liberal Higher Education (HE) management system, specifically the university system, had in recent years evoked multiple and conflicting dimensions for lived-work experiences of academics in the university. Between multiple levels of mundane/routine teaching and learning, and at the extreme of the continuum, i.e. research for knowledge production, and community engagements, occasioned by the dictates of neo-liberal logics, the lived-work experiences and self-identity of academics are constructed. This co-construction illustrates how the work of academics is further embedded in global neo-liberal dynamics, and how this reconstructs the “normalcy” of academic work process, and “self- identity” of academics. Change in normalcy such as the reforms in universities management system, globally , and the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, for example, has also deepened challenges facing HE management in terms of funding, governance, and “social mission”. This has further compelled universities to initiate alternatives in managerial practices. This is even more demonstrated along the “contours” of neo-liberal reforms of the universities system, globally. Utilizing the concept of “liminality” in organisational research, the paper demonstrates how the emerging dynamics in neo-liberal university system, including the impact of the pandemic shape the “identity-work”, “subjectitviy” and “agency” of academics, in context. While the paper draws on conceptual-analytics of liminality, it evaluates and examines the “discursive narratives” of academics, in context, during period of uncertainties, such as academic policy reforms, academic governance; illustrating the implications on their identity-work. The paper shows how liminal practices in the academia at a time of reform in the universities’ governance could aid the process of construction and co-construction of identity-work of academics. The on-going co-construction of identity-work in the context of neo-liberal academia has produced “liminal personae” in the university system, even at a time of uncertainty.
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 24-29; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i730532

Abstract:
The end of covid-19 pandemic in Central Asia, presumably would enhance the region of its robust economic recovery. But read from 2 policies briefing of the multilateral forums such as World Bank and UN ESCAP, we have known that there is still a long way to go those aims.Witer want to deploy these two multilateral forums in a crisis communication theories during and after the pandemic time. Methods: Qualitative method research from second resources data analysis would be conducted, in order to find policies recommendations in the Central Asia as general. Results and Discussion: In the discussion, we found out that three policy briefs from ESCAP need to be elaborated in depth line or wise development plans. Neigbors countries which have a same borders, mostly same products, and interdependent to each other, had to reconciled their differences and then manage their own interest, so there would be no conflicting interests arise in their region. Since the beginning of the covid-19 pandemic spread on 2020, countries such as Kazakstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan swiftly responded, and they have to took emergencies measure in order to manage the spreading of the virus. They have to closed their borders, re-newed their health sector, and built a virus emergency centre. While the World Bank stressed on three main objectives, for example widespread of vaccination, empowering labour market with increasing employment, and strengthening social programs for the most vulnerable citizens. These three policies have to be planned and implemented by these neighboring countries. Conclusion: Both strategies have been conducted, so that it need a review to know if their targeted areas had been achieved so far. Author’s tried to seek the difference approaches brought by few international forums regarding pandemic recovery actions in 5 Central Asia countries, which could be useful for its own revival process with crisis communication theory, and find out summary. It might be limited, since author do not live in these 5 countries. Regardless of its limitation, few policies recommendations are good to explore and implemented for other regions.
, O. S. Corpuz
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 9-23; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i730531

Abstract:
The study was conducted to characterize the existing Halal goat production system in the province of Maguindanao and compare the farmers’ management practices with the existing Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) standards and Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD) protocols in Halal goat raising. The study reveals that the respondents’ practices in goat raising at Parang, Maguindanao are not significantly different from the Japan International Cooperation Agency - Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (JICA-ARMM) goat production and management standards as well as PCAARRD Halal goat production protocol except for the location of the goat house. The study proved that farmers’ practice in goat raising has similarities with JICA and PCAARRD protocols except for some aspect such as location of the house, use of commercial and synthetic drugs in vaccination and disease treatments and feeds and feeding. The JICA protocol on housing location is different from the actual practice of farmer respondents and PCAARRD protocol. Farmers are not knowledgeable in the feeding value of combine grass-legume to the goat. Under intensive feeding management, legume-grass combination is a better option in profitable goat raising. In terms of housing, farmers do not practice standard designs such as elevated flooring, floor space requirements and required distances between flooring and ceiling and between the ground and flooring as what PCAARRD and JICA protocol recommended.
Pradip Panda, Arya Sen, Parnasree Mahapatra, J. S. Yogesh Kumar
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 44-48; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i630528

Abstract:
Plaintail turkeyfish, Pterois russelii Bennett, 1831 had been reported from coastal parts of West Bengal, but there is no record of this species from Sunderban Biosphere Reserve or any part of Indian mangrove ecosystems. The current communication adds P. russelii, as a new record to the ichthyofaunal diversity of the Indian Mangroves, as well as Sunderban Biosphere Reserve. The specimen was collected from the Canning fish landing area during a local survey focused on the study of mangrove-associated fishes of Sunderban. Canning is located in the Transitional zone of Sunderban Biosphere Reserve. This is the first record of P. russelii from any Indian Mangrove area.
, Meena Sindhu, Neha Goel, Monika Panghal, Sushila Singh, Indu Rani
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 37-43; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i630527

Abstract:
Aim: The main objective of the study is to estimate the effect of extraction techniques and antimicrobial activity of different solvent extract of A. mexicana leaves and roots. Study Design: The research is experimental in nature. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemistry and Microbiology at CCSHAU, Hisar, between late 2020 and January 2022. Methodology: The leaves and roots of A. mexicana were harvested for this study. Shade dried roots and leaves were cut into small pieces of 2-3 inches and processed into powder using a mixer grinder. Soxhlet extraction and microwave-assisted extraction procedures were used to extract leaves and roots in solvents such as acetone, methanol, and water. The antimicrobial activity of the roots and leaves extracts were evaluated against Gram +ve bacteria (Xanthomonas campesteris, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus) and fungal species (Fusarium oxysporum, Macrophomina phaseolina and Candida albicans) and their zones of inhibition in mm are measured by Agar well diffusion method. Results: Soxhlet extraction technique gave better extract yield 12.19 g /100 g and 8.54 g / 100 g while microwave-assisted extraction gave 8.88 g / 100 g and 6.94 g / 100 g for leaves and roots respectively. The methanoilc root and leaves extracts exhibited higher antimicrobial activity followed by acetone and water extracts. Conclusion: The result of the investigation showed that extraction techniques considerably affected extraction yield and antimicrobial activity. Soxhlet extraction is better one extraction method among these two and methanolic extract of leaves was found to be good antimicrobial followed by acetone and aqueous.
Paulo Sergio Santos Silva, Heloisa Donizete da Silva, Rubens Ribeiro da Silva, Gilson Araújo de Freitas, Saulo De Oliveira Lima, Sabino Pereira Da Silva Neto, Evandro Alves Ribeiro, Victa Nobre de Andrade, Fernando Henrique Ferreira Martins,
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports pp 29-36; https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i630526

Abstract:
With the increase in agriculture in the state of Tocantins, especially with soybean cultivation, areas with concrete have been increasingly applied to high doses of limestone, although they do not know the dynamics of the reaction of these correctives in the soil conditions of Tocantins. For the study, soil with different soil/gravel ratio and 01:02, 01:05 and 1:10 proportions of fine ground/gravel were used. The incubation assay was installed under a greenhouse in a completely randomized experimental project. The 15 treatments were obtained in a 3x5 factorial scheme, combining three fine ground/gravel (01:02, 01:05 and 01:10) and five limestones (0; 1.0; 2.0; 4, 0 and 6.0 t ha−1). The soils were prepared as TFSA and sent to the soil laboratory for analysis of Ca + Mg, Ca, Al, potential acidity (H + Al) and pH. Al levels and potential acidity (H + Al) were reduced and Ca and Ca + Mg contents were significantly increased with the increase of the limestone dose in gravel ratios. The pH of the 1:5 ratio decreased until reaching its lowest value at the dose of 3.31 t ha−1, increasing the dose rate greater than 3.31 t ha−1. The pHs of ratio 1:2 and 1:10 increased as the limestone dose increased. Ca, Ca + Mg levels and pH value are already at adequate levels in 0t ha-1dose of limestone, and it is not necessary to recommend correctives for gravel relations.
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