AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-3310 / 2548-5741
Current Publisher: Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh (10.30867)
Total articles ≅ 99
Latest articles in this journal
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 121-129; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.213
Calcium deficiency in the body is caused by calcium that has not optimal absorption by the body, resulting in the occurrence of calcium defesiensi. Calcium can not be absorbed maximally by the body when in large molecular form, so the calcium is finally wasted. Therefore, it is necessary to form nano-size so that the calcium can be absorbed by the bones well. The purpose of this research is to see the effect of Milling time with Nano size particles of Kelor powder (Moringa oleifera) and the correlations with Invitro and Invivo bioavailability. The research method is to use the research draft of laboratory experiments, with the sample of the Kelor leaves in powder form, and nanoparticles will be carried out the proximate analysis, nutrient analysis, solubility test, and bioavailability test. The results showed there was a long influence of milling time with nanoparticle size. There is a difference in moisture content, ash, energy, fiber, and total sugar between the leaves of the powder and nano Kelor (p
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 147-155; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.310
The behavior of school-age snacks, for the most part, does not meet health requirements, so there is a risk of various health problems or diseases. The need for health education for appropriate school-age children to shape healthy snacks, one of which is by playing. The objective research an after community service, it is expected that school-age children consume healthy snacks while in school. Methods, the research design was quasi-experimental, the treatment group received an intervention in the form of providing health education about healthy snacks through playing techniques using educational cards, using healthy snacks, while the control group was carried out with health education about distributing leaflets. The study sample of 100 people consisted of 50 intervention groups and 50 in the control group—analysis data using Dependent T-Test. Results, there were differences in healthy snack behavior before and after treatment, and there were differences in scores of the value of the knowledge, skills, and attitude variables about healthy snacks before and after treatment (p= 0,001), between the intervention group and the control group. In conclusion, there is an increase in the amount of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of healthy snacks for Banda Aceh students after providing health education. Suggestion, there needs to support from all of the institutions had related to form healthy snacks behavior among all students in elementary school.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 164-171; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.316
Globally the coverage of early initiation breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) still low. In Indonesia, the coverage of EIBF and exclusive breastfeeding was 52,8% and 37,3%. This study aimed to review what factors affected the target of EIBF and EBF. Method, the study was a literature review. Eleven scientific articles were critically reviewed based on objectives, methods, and results presented in the articles. The articles were written by Indonesian authors and published in indexed journals during the year 2015 to 2020. Three databases were used; SINTA, Google Scholar, and National Library to search the articles using keywords “Early Initiation Breastfeeding and Exclusive breastfeeding” Data were analyzed with the qualitative method by presenting a summary, compare and contrasting, and critics and opinion. Results, of eleven articles, three were qualitative studies with total respondents 22, 28, and 81 mothers and eight quantitative studies range respondent from 110 mothers to 300.000 household mothers. There were six factors affecting EIBF and EBF coverage; 1) implementation of government regulation, 2) family support, 3) maternal education and occupation, 4) breastfeeding counseling, 5) pre-term babies and 6) local culture. In conclusion, the main factors causing the low coverage of EIBF and EBF are government commitment, family support, mother's education and occupation, inactive breastfeeding counseling, babies born at term, and cultural factors.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 156-163; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.313
Child nutrition can have a long-term impact on the development of future human capital, particularly in relation to cognitive capability, productivity, and economic development. We aimed to investigate the influence of maternal nutrition education on energy and protein intakes of children in community feeding centers. This study used a quasi-experimental design with pre- and post-intervention control group. A total of 38 child-mother pairs were involved in this research. Mothers in the intervention group received nutritional education delivered by trained cadres for eight sessions in a period of four weeks. Nutritional intake data collection using 24-hour recall. Data were analyzed used the Dependent T-test and Wilcoxon test. The results showed that nutrition education by trained cadres had a statistically significant effect on increasing energy intake (p= 0,000) and also on protein intake (p= 0,001) in children under-five. Educating mothers about child nutrition significantly increased child energy and protein intake. Involving trained cadres as the educators may result in an effective intervention to improve child dietary intake.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 210-218; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.398
COVID-19 suffered by mothers who gave birth has an impact on newborns, including the risk of possible transmission. However, all the needs of newborns must remain a priority, especially regarding protection against possible transmission and nutritional needs, especially breast milk or formula milk. The care of the baby depends on the health condition or the wishes of the mother and family. In mothers with severe COVID-19, babies must be treated separately from their mothers. Conversely, if the mother is asymptomatic, the baby can be treated together, but still according to health protocols. Two impacts on the baby are related to breastfeeding are the risk of transmission and the effects of drugs taken by the mother that can be transmitted through breast milk. There are three ways to provide nutrition for the newborn, depending on the severity of the COVID-19 that the mother is suffering from. If without symptoms, breastfeeding is direct. If symptoms are mild, breastfeeding is indirect. Meanwhile, if COVID-19 with severe symptoms, the baby is only given donor breast milk or formula milk. Provision of advanced nutrition, after treatment, is complete, the baby is still given breast milk from the mother and stops donor breast milk or formula milk.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 195-202; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.355
In March 2020 the public was shocked by the Covid-19 pandemic which began to spread to Indonesian territory. Covid-19 is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 or SARS-CoV-2) and is an infectious disease. Naturally, Covid-19 pandemic affects people's attitudes to adopt a healthier lifestyle. The research objective was to analyze the description of the attitudes and lifestyles of the Indonesian people during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study used a cross-sectional design with random sampling and data collection was done by distributing online questionnaires via WhatsApp. Data analysis used the univariate test with the number of respondents as many as 6.557 people. The results showed that the attitudes of respondents regarding the Covid-19 pandemic obtained 6.136 respondents agreed that Covid-19 could be controlled, 6.038 respondents agreed that Indonesia would be free from the coronavirus and 6.489 respondents agreed that consumption of balanced nutritional food, maintaining distance and washing hands properly can prevent the transmission of Covid-19. A total of 3,861 respondents did physical activity less than 3 times a week, 6.234 respondents processed their food, 3,309 respondents sometimes consumed fruit and vegetables, 5.111 respondents always washed their hands using running water and soap, 3.576 respondents sometimes sunbathing above 9 o'clock. Overall, the respondents' behavior towards pandemic conditions shows an optimistic attitude that they can avoid Covid-19 by making healthier lifestyle changes.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 130-139; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.301
Stunting occurs in a chronic small intestinal inflammation syndrome, called pediatric environmental enteropathy, resulting in increased intestinal permeability and the entry of immune cells into the intestinal epithelium. The purpose of this study was to study the types of prebiotic food formulas and their effects on LAZ in stunting children. This type of research is a quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest control group design. Held in Sei Ambawang District, Kubu Raya Regency 2019. Samples of stunting children aged 12-24 months were 40 children. The sampling technique was used for purposive sampling. The intervention given is prebiotic formula food given for 30 days. Data processing for LAZ, nutrient intake, and t-independent test statistical analysis each using WHO Anthro 2005, Nutri survey, and SPSS software. The results showed there were differences in LAZ before and after in the group given MF-2 food formula in stunting children (p= 0,034), whereas in the group who received MF-1 showed no difference (p= 0,114). Based on LAZ differences between the two groups after the intervention with independent t-test did not show significant differences (p > 0,05). In conclusion, MF-1 and MF-2 did not differ in increasing LAZ in stunting children, but each group showed MF-2 had an effect on increasing LAZ.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 105-110; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.200
The quality of health services is measured by 3 components, namely input (HR, Infrastructure,) process (reliability), and output (product results). If the program's achievements do not reach the target, the quality of primary health care services can be doubted. The research objective is to determine the achievements of the program with the level of accreditation of health centers. The study uses a descriptive-analytic method with a cross-sectional design, using secondary data essential nutrition programs. The population and sample are all primary health care in Aceh Province that are accredited or not accredited, data collection is carried out in the program and data section of the Aceh Health Office and the statistical tests used are chi-square and odds ratio using STATA 13 software. The results of the study indicate, that malnutrition that receives care with low performance, children under five are weighed with low performance and low LBW cases have a relationship with the level of accreditation (p-value
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 98-104; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.125
Secondary amenorrhea is a menstrual cycle that occurs in women who have menstruated but does not increase menstruation within 3-6 months. The key to the menstrual cycle depends on changes in estrogen levels. Soybeans are the main source of phytoestrogens which play a role in stabilizing estrogen levels in the body, whereas 250 ml of soy milk contains 40 mg of phytoestrogens. The purpose of this study was to determine how to consume soy milk against changes in secondary amenorrhea in young women. This research is a descriptive-analytic conducted cross-sectionally. This type of research is an easy experiment with a non-randomized posttest group design. The research sample is young women who change secondary amenorrhea which is grouped into 2 groups of 17 people each. Data collection was conducted from August 2 to October 19, 2016. The statistical test used was the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that normal menstruation occurs in secondary amenorrhea adolescents after being given soy milk which is equal to 82.4% while in adolescents who are given sweetened condensed milk only by 29,4%. Statistical tests show the results of p= 0,002. The conclusion, there is a change in secondary amenorrhea between the samples gave soy milk, and those given sweetened condensed milk. Suggestions, it is necessary to provide a daily menu for students so that the menstrual cycle is maintained.
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 187-194; doi:10.30867/action.v5i2.387
High-protein food has a significant impact on reducing hunger conditions and increasing satiety. Not many studies have investigated the impact of differences in a high protein diet on satiety based on sex and nutritional status. The aim of the study is to determine the effects of a high protein diet (animal and plant-based) on satiety based on sex and nutritional status. The experimental research was conducted by pre-post group design. The subjects of this research were 23 adults aged 20-23 years who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria living in Yogyakarta. Satiety profiles (hunger, fullness, desire to eat, and PFC) were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) questionnaire. The categorization of nutritional status is based on BMI. Data were analyzed using independent sample t-test and paired t-test. Based on sex, there was a difference in the fullness component between males and females after consuming animal protein meals (p= 0,001) and plant-based protein meals (p< 0,01). Whereas based on nutritional status, there was no difference in all satiety profiles. In conclusion, men have different satiety from women after consuming a high protein diet.