AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-3310 / 2548-5741
Published by: Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh (10.30867)
Total articles ≅ 161
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DOAJ
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Nadimin Nadimin
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 61-68; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.613

Abstract:
Stunting is caused by inadequate nutrient intake in children and low parental knowledge, so it is necessary to provide additional food and nutrition education for parents. This study aims to determine the effect of providing supplementary food of snakehead fish flour substitution (called PMT-Tibus) on the nutritional status of children under five stunted. The study design used a randomized pretest-posttest control design. The study was conducted in Makassar City in 2019, using a sample of 24 people in each group. Group-1 was given PMT-Tibus with online nutrition education, while group-2 was only given online nutrition education. PMT-Tibus is given every day while the mother’s nutrition education is conducted periodically for one month. Nutritional status data was collected using anthropometric methods—processing and analyzing data using SPSS. WAZ of group-1 was increased by 0,11 ± 0,28. Otherwise, the WAZ of group-2 was decreased by -0,11 ± 0,42. HAZ of group-1 and group-2 increased (0,22 ± 0,31 vs 0,24 ± 0,31). WHZ of group-1 increased by 0,4 ± 0,04 and group-2 was decreased by -0,37 ± 0,68. There was a significant difference in WAZ and WHZ scores between the two groups, respectively, whit all p values < 0,05. Snakehead fish flour-based supplementary feeding (PMT-Tibus) and online nutrition education can improve the nutritional status of WAZ and WHZ in stunted toddlers.
Nasrul Z Nasrul Z, Said Usman, Alfridsyah Alfridsyah
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 104-113; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.833

Abstract:
Subulussalam City has always been in the top three with the highest stunting rate in Aceh from 2013-to 2021. This study aims to determine the prevalence and determinants of stunting in primary school students. The study used a case-control design with a sample of 30 stunted children and 60 non-stunted control children. Interview data and measurement of height with microtoise. Stunting data was processed using WHO AnthroPlus software. Statistical analysis using Odds Ratio test and Binary Logistic Regression. The result, the prevalence of stunting in Sultan Daulat is 24%. The determinants of stunting are the mother's occupation (as a farmer) p= 0,035 and OR= 98.9, the father's job is not fixed (a laborer) p = 0.046 and OR= 22,9, and the incidence of diarrhea (p= 0,047; OR= 17,9), and low birth weight (p= 0,047; OR= 0,78). In conclusion, children with diarrhea and low birth weight are triggers for children to experience stunting, while sanitation conditions and drinking water consumed have no effect on stunting. Children who are stunted are more commonly found in mothers with a history of giving birth 35 years.
A Fahmy Arif Tsani, Fillah Fithra Dieny, Zahra Anggita Pratiwi
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 26-32; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.386

Abstract:
Obesity incidence in children, especially primary school children, is increasing. This obesity can be caused by environmental factors: availability of food at home and the home environment or home environment such as the physical environment, exposure to screen time, mother knowledge, and maternal behaviour in providing feeding practices. This study aims to determine the difference between food availability and home environment for obese and non-obese children. The design of this research was case-control conducted with the subject of elementary school-age children in Yogyakarta city. The research was conducted in March-November 2017. Samples were chosen by the multistage sampling method. Subjects were grouped into children with obese nutritional status as a case (n=71) and children with normal nutritional status as control (n=71) based on the BFA index. The data were collected by anthropometric measurements, interviewing, and filling out Home Environment Survey questionnaires on children and their parents. Data analysis using Mann Whitney statistical test, Spearman test, McNemar test, and logistic regression. Food availability showed significant mean differences in case and control groups (p <0,05). Other environmental factors showed no significant differences, but in the case group, the mother's feeding scores were less healthy than the control group; the average duration of case group screen time was higher than 20 minutes than the control group; higher physical environmental support scores control group than case groups. In conclusion, food availability had significant mean differences in both groups.
Agus Darmawan, Reski Reski, Rininta Andriani
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 33-40; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.469

Abstract:
Stunting is a problem of nutritional status in children. Utilization of health services in the form of ANC visits, Integrated Health Service Post (IHSP), and poor immunizations is very likely to affect the incidence of stunting in toddlers. This study aims to determine the relationship between ANC visits, Integrated Health Service Post (Posyandu) visits, and immunization status with the incidence of stunting under five. The study used a cross-sectional design and was conducted in 2019. The sample was taken by stratified random sampling of as many as 81 toddlers. Primary data is data processed by questionnaires through direct question and answer, while secondary data is sourced from Public Health Center data. Data processing uses univariate and bivariate analysis through editing, coding, tabulating, data entry, and data cleaning—statistical test using Chi-Square, at 95% CI. The results showed that the history of ANC visits had a relationship with the incidence of stunting (p= 0,044), visits of IHSP had a relationship with the incidence of stunting (p= 0,001), and immunization status had a relationship with the incidence of stunting (p= 0,005). The conclusion is that the history of ANC visits, visits to IHSP, and immunization status have a relationship with the incidence of stunting.
Nining Tyas Triatmaja
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 52-60; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.411

Abstract:
Overweight in children under five has increased and will impact at an early age and cause a metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Being overweight is caused by many things, one of which is socioeconomic family. Family socioeconomic is an underlying cause that influences feeding practices. This study aimed to analyze the risk of overweight in preschool children based on family socio-economics. This study used a case-control design conducted from December 2019 to March 2020. The sample used was 66 preschool children divided into two groups with a ratio of 1:1, which was carried out by simple random sampling—data collection techniques by interviewing sample mothers related to the socioeconomic aspects of the family. Data were processed using SPSS software and categorized each variable into two categories. Data analysis using Chi-Square test. The results of this study showed: that maternal nutritional knowledge was significantly correlated with the incidence of overweight in preschool children (p= 0,041). Other socio-economic aspects (maternal age (p= 0,202), paternal age (p= 0,250), maternal education (p= 0,450), paternal education (p= 0,301), family size (p= 0,439), and family economic status (p= 0,395) were not correlated with the overweight. This study concluded that maternal nutritional knowledge was one of the factors associated with overweight in preschool children, while other socioeconomic factors were not related.
Emy Yuliantini, Kamsiah Kamsiah, Tonny C Maigoda, Aripin Ahmad
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 79-88; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.579

Abstract:
The prevalence of stunting in coastal areas in fishing families in Bengkulu city is 29,4%. The potential possessed by coastal areas is not accompanied by the welfare of the lives of the people who occupy low economic strata, including in fulfilling nutrition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between energy consumption, protein, fat, carbohydrates, zinc, and iron with the incidence of stunting aged 1-59 months in fishing families in Bengkulu city. The cross-sectional research method was carried out in 2020 in Padang Serai and Malabro villages, which are fishers' family areas in Bengkulu city. Samples were children under five and mothers respondents with a total of 74. Data on food intake of children under five, obtained through the Food Frequency Questionnaire-Semi Quantitative (SQ-FFQ) and analyzed by nutrisurvey and microtoice to measure height were analyzed by HAZ index. The analysis used Chi-square statistical test. The results showed that there was a relationship between intake of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrates, and zinc in the incidence of stunting under five (p < 0,05), and there was no relationship between iron intake and the incidence of stunting under five (p > 0,05). In conclusion, toddlers with adequate food intake are associated with the incidence of stunting in fishing families. Toddlers need a balanced nutritional intake to prevent stunting through increasing maternal nutritional knowledge.
Farida Farida, Afina Rachma Sulistyaning, Hesti Permata Sari
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 8-14; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.505

Abstract:
Plantains are high in potassium and glucose, while yellow watermelons are high in citrulline, antioxidants and fluids. The combination juice of plantain and yellow watermelon provides glucose and fluids, suppresses lactic acid and muscle inflammation, so will improve endurance during aerobic exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of combining juices of yellow watermelon plantains on aerobic swimming endurance in Sprague-Dawley rats. The design of this study was true experimental and used a post-test only with a controlled group. The 21 male Sprague Dawley rats, were divided into three groups, the control (K), which were given one dose of juice (P1) and two doses (P2). Rats were observed for the length of swimming. One-Way Anova and Post-Hoc LSD were used to analyze the data. The results of this study found that on average P2 with a double dose of juice had a longer swim. The P1 swim 390,57 seconds longer than control, while P2 swim 757,57 seconds longer than control, while P2 could swim 367 seconds longer than P1. There was a difference in swim length (p < 0,001) in each group after intervention with variation doses. The conclusion was that there was a difference in endurance in each group after receiving a combined juice with variation doses.
Susy Sriwahyuni, Safrizal Safrizal, Darmawan Darmawan, Danvil Nabela, Ridha Ilham, Teuku Muliadi
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 89-95; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.759

Abstract:
Indonesia is the second highest contributor to stunting in Southeast Asia, so prevention is necessary to reduce the prevalence of stunting to the maximum. One of the efforts that can be made is to establish synergy between the government and the community and strengthen capacity building for village officials. This study aims to see the ability of village officials to prevent stunting in the Nagan Raya District. This descriptive-analytic research method with a cross-sectional design was conducted in April 2021. The population consists of 220 villages in Nagan Raya District. The sampling technique used the cluster sampling technique so that 12 villages were obtained with 96 respondents. They are collecting data using a questionnaire instrument. The test in this study used logistic regression for bivariate analysis and multiple logistic regression for multivariate analysis. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between increasing the capability of village officials and the variable level of education (p= 0,040; OR= 2,77), knowledge (p= 0,001; OR= 7,22) implementers (p= 0,002; OR= 8,54) and manager (p= 0,001; OR= 11,05). The conclusion is that there is a significant relationship between the variables of education, knowledge, implementers, and managers. There is no significant relationship between the variables of age, income, and training with the ability of village officials to prevent stunting.
Nurul Khairani, Santoso Ujang Effendi
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 15-25; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.423

Abstract:
Stunting has an impact on cognitive function disorders, endurance, productivity, and potential to experience degenerative diseases. The aim of research was to measure the association between characteristics of children, exclusive breastfeeding, and presence of smokers with incidence of stunting. The design of research was a Cross Sectional. The sample was a toddler aged 12-59 months who visited to Integrated Healthcare Center (Posyandu) in Ratu Samban District, Bengkulu City in 2017. Samples were taken using Accidental Sampling technique as many as 102 toddlers. Data were collected by conducting interviews based on questionnaires, looking at maternal and child health books, and anthropometric measurements. Data analysis using Chi-Square test. The results, there was no significant correlation between characteristics of toddler (such as age (p= 0,175), gender (p= 0,439), birth weight (p= 0,218), birth length (p= 0,080)), exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0,362), and presence of smokers (p= 0,940) with incidence of stunting. In conclusion, there was no significant relationship between characteristics of toddlers, exclusive breastfeeding, and presence of smokers with incidence of stunting. It is recommended to Public Health Center to intervene in first thousand days of life in form of nutrition fulfillment, antenatal care, and education about the dangers of smoking for pregnant mother and toddler.
Ai Sri Kosnayani, Andi Eka Yunianto, Muhammad Eka Asri Rizal
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 7, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v7i1.459

Abstract:
Meniran is an herbal plant that has many health benefits. Meniran tea contains phytochemicals like teas in general such as saponins, phenolics, flavonoids, and tannins. This study aims to determine the effect of the meniran leaf tea brewing method on the preference value and content of an antioxidant activity. This research was a laboratory experiment with a completely randomized design (CRD). Meniran tea was brewed using the Decoction Brew (DB), Cold Brew (CB), and True Brew (TB) methods with filter and non-filter treatments. The organoleptic test in this study used 30 untrained panelists. Organoleptic test data collection consisting of color, aroma, and taste attributes were assessed using a 9-scale hedonic scale questionnaire. Organoleptic data that had been collected was then tested for normality using Kolmogorov Smirnov, if normally distributed, continued with ANOVA statistical test and then Duncan's further test with 99% CI. Organoleptic test results in the form of attributes of color (p= 0,000), aroma (p= 0,003), and taste (p= 0,000) of panelists preferred tea with the TBF brewing method. Based on the antioxidant activity content of selected meniran tea (TBF) around 2,33 – 2,81 mg/mL. In conclusion, the panelists prefer tea with the TBF brewing method based on the attributes of color, aroma, and taste as well as high antioxidant activity.
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