AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-3310 / 2548-5741
Current Publisher: Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh (10.30867)
Total articles ≅ 84
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Dewi Purnama Windasari, Ilham Syam, Lilis Sarifa Kamal
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.193

Abstract:
Stunting is a chronic condition of stunted growth due to long-term malnutrition and manifestations. In Indonesia, since 2017, toddlers stunted by 29,6%, and in 2018 increased to 30,8%. This study aims to determine the relationship of infectious diseases, initiation of early breastfeeding, history of exclusive breastfeeding, LBW, and first marriage with stunting. The method used in this study was observational analytic with a cross-sectional study approach, with a chi-square test and fisher's exact test population of 620 people, with a sample of 124 toddlers with purposive sampling technique. The results showed that there was a relationship between early breastfeeding initiation (p=0,014) exclusive breastfeeding (p=0,001), and was not the relationship between LBW (p=0,172) with the occurrence of stunting in the Tamalate Community Health Center in Makassar. In conclusion, there is no correlation between infectious disease and LBW with the incidence of stunting, and there is a relationship between early breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, with stunting. It is recommended to mothers to maintain the child's lifestyle and diet to avoid infectious diseases, give children early breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding, also reject early marriage so as not to give birth to a child with LBW and cause stunting. Stunting merupakan kondisi kronis terhambatnya pertumbuhan karena malnutrisi jangka Panjang dan manifestasi, di indonesia tahun 2017 terdapat 29,6% balita yang mengalami stunting dan tahun 2018 terdapat 30,8% balita yang mengalami stunting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan penyakit infeksi,inisiasi menyusui dini, riwayat asi eksklusif, BBLR dan pernikahan dini dengan kejadian stunting. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross-sectional study, dengan uji chi-square dan uji fisher’s exact test populasi sebanyak 620, dengan sampel sebanyak 124 balita dengan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa ada hubungan antara IMD (p= 0,014) ASI esklusif (p= 0,001), dan tidak terdapat hubungan antara BBLR (p= 0,172) dengan kejadian stunting di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tamalate kota Makassar. Simpulan, tidak terdapat hubungan riwayat penyakit infeksi dan BBLR dengan kejadian stunting, ada hubungan antara IMD, ASI eksklusif, dengan kejadian stunting. Saran, untuk menjaga pola hidup dan pola makan anak agar terhindar dari penyakit infeksi, memberi anak IMD dan ASI eksklusif, juga menolak pernikahan dini agar tidak melahirkan anak yang BBLR dan menyebabkan stunting.
Mia Srimiati, Friska Melinda
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.146

Abstract:
The golden period is a critical period in infants, and this period occurs at the age of 0-24 because it is a period of rapid growth and development. WHO/UNICEF recommends four important things, including complementary food for the infant. The important problems in the provision of complementary should be accurate in time, frequency, portion, type of food, and how to give the food at the early stage. The study aimed to analyze the relationship between the level of knowledge and attitudes of mothers about complementary feeding with the accuracy of giving complementary food of infants aged 6-12 months. This research method uses a cross-sectional research design with a quantitative research type, presented in a descriptive-analytic way, and has a sample of 60 people. Data collected by the interview method were: the characteristics of the mother, the mother's knowledge, mother's attitude, and the accuracy of giving complementary feeding, then analyzed with Chi-Square. The results was indicated that mothers who had moderate knowledge about complementary feeding as much as 80%, a negative attitude towards giving complementary feeding as much as 51,7%, and inappropriate in giving complementary food as much as 56,7%. There was a significant relationship between the level of mother's knowledge (p= 0,000) and mother's attitude (p= 0,000) regarding a complementary feeding and the accuracy of giving it. Concluded, knowledge and attitudes of mothers about complementary feeding has a correlation with the accuracy of giving complementary feeding for infants aged 6-12 months in Lubang Buaya, East Jakarta. Periode emas merupakan masa kritis pada bayi, periode tersebut terjadi pada usia bayi 0-24 bulan, karena merupakan masa pertumbuhan dan perkembangan yang pesat, sehingga kerap diistilahkan sebagai periode emas sekaligus periode kritis. WHO dan UNICEF merekomendasikan empat hal penting, salah satunya adalah memberikan MP-ASI. Masalah penting dalam pemberian MP-ASI mencakup waktu pemberian MP-ASI, frekuensi, porsi, jenis makanan, dan cara pemberian MP-ASI pada tahap awal. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap ibu tentang MP-ASI terhadap ketepatan pemberian MP-ASI bayi usia 6-12 bulan. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian Cross Sectional dengan jenis penelitian kuantitatif, disajikan dengan cara deskriptif analitik dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 60 orang. Data yang dikumpulkan dengan metode wawancara yaitu karakteristik ibu, pengetahuan ibu, sikap ibu, dan ketepatan pemberian MP-ASI, kemudian dianalisis dengan Chi-Square dengan CI 95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ibu memiliki pengetahuan sedang mengenai MP-ASI sebanyak 80%, sikap negatif terhadap pemberian MP-ASI sebanyak 51,7%, dan tidak tepat dalam pemberian MP-ASI sebanyak 56,7%. Terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pengetahuan ibu (p= 0,000) dan sikap ibu (p= 0,000) mengenai MP-ASI dengan ketepatan pemberian MP-ASI. Kesimpulan, tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap ibu tentang MP-ASI berkorelasi dengan ketepatan pemberian MP-ASI pada bayi usia 6-12 bulan di Kelurahan Lubang Buaya, Jakarta Timur.
Zaki Irwan, Andi Salim, Adriyani Adam
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 45-54; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.198

Abstract:
Handling of nutritional problems of children under five can be done through the development of food products in the form of Moringa leaf flour cookies and Moringa seed flour cookies given to toddlers, and then assessed an increase in body weight and nutritional status. The purpose of the study was to look at differences in body weight and nutritional status after intervention from Moringa leaf flour cookies and Moringa seed flour cookies in toddlers. The study design uses a Randomized Controlled Trial Single Blind Pre-post Study. The study was conducted in the working area of the Tampa Padang Public Health Center in August-October 2019 on children aged 3-5 years. The number of samples was 50 people, 25 children have interfered with Moringa leaf flour cookies, and 25 children were intervened by Moringa seed flour. Analysis of nutrient consumption of toddler foods using the Nutri Survey program. Maternal nutrition consumption is expressed in percent of RDA. Statistical analysis using the T-test. The results showed changes in body weight before and after giving Moringa seed cookies and Moringa leaf cookies (p=0,025). There is a difference in the increase in weight of the two groups of samples, but statistically has not been able to improve the nutritional status, both those who were given Moringa seed flour substitute cookies and those who were given Moringa leaf flour substitution cookies (p=0,495). In conclusion, there is a change in toddler's body weight, but it is not yet significant to the nutritional status of toddlers. Penanganan masalah gizi anak balita dapat dilakukan melalui pengembangan produk pangan berupa cookies tepung daun kelor dan cookies tepung biji kelor yang diberikan kepada balita, selanjutnya dinilai peningkatan Berat Badan dan Status gizinya. Tujuan penelitian yaitu melihat perbedaan berat badan dan status gizi setelah diintervensi cookies tepung daun kelor dan cookies tepung biji kelor pada anak balita. Desain penelitian menggunakan Randomized Controlled Trial Single Blind Pre-post Study. Penelitian dilakukan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tampa Padang Kecamatan Kaluku, Kabupaten Mamuju Sulawesi Barat. Waktu penelitian dimulai pada bulan Agustus – Oktober 2019 terhadap anak balita berumur 3-5 tahun. Jumlah sampel 50 orang, 25 anak diintervensi cookies tepung daun kelor dan 25 anak diintervensi tepung biji kelor. Analisis zat gizi konsumsi pangan anak balita menggunakan program Nutri Survei. Konsumsi gizi ibu dinyatakan dalam persen AKG. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji T. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perubahan berat badan sebelum dan setelah pemberian cookies biji kelor dan cookies daun kelor dengan nilai p=0,025 (p-value0,05). Kesimpulan, terdapat perubahan berat badan balita namun belum signifikan terhadap status gizi balita yang mendapatkan cookies berbahan daun kelor.
Fitri Yani Arbie, Novian Swasono Hadi, Denny Indra Setiawan, Rahma Labatjo, M Anas Anasiru
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 35-44; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.197

Abstract:
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) is the leading cause of death globally. One recommended strategy for improving food quality in preventing obesity and NCD is fish consumption. The selection of biscuit products "Cibi" aims as an effort to prevent PTM through food diversification. In addition to developing healthy, economical and nutritious cracker products. Objective, to obtain the nutritional content of biscuits with the substitution of mackerel flour and corn flour as an alternative to complementary feeding in efforts to prevent non-communicable diseases. Methods, laboratory experimental methods using panelists to test the acceptability of food. Homogeneity Test, Anova Test and Tuckey Advanced Test to see the difference in the best treatment. Results, the most preferred cibi crackers formula from the aspect of color, taste, and crispness assessment is the F2 formulation and contains higher water, protein, iron and zinc content compared to the control formula. However, in terms of ash, fat and carbohydrate content, Formulation F2 is lower than the control formula. Conclusion, the most preferred cibi crackers formula from the aspect of taste, color, and crispness evaluation is the F2 formulation, which is a formula with 25 gram of mackerel fish flour and 25gram sweet corn flour. The results of the AKK Test (Yeast Mold Figures) show that F3 still has Yeast and is still within the safe limits of SNI Biscuits. Penyakit Tidak Menular (PTM) menjadi penyebab utama kematian secara global. Salah satu strategi yang direkomendasikan untuk meningkatkan kualitas makanan dalam pencegahan obesitas dan PTM adalah konsumsi ikan. Pemilihan produk biscuit “Cibi” bertujuan sebagai upaya pencegahan PTM melalui diversifikas pangan. Selain itu untuk mengembangkan produk cracker sehat, ekonomis dan bergizi sebagai alternative MP-ASI pada usia di atas 1 tahun. Penelitian bertujuan untuk memperoleh kandungan zat gizi biskuit dengan subtitusi tepung ikan kembung dan tepung jagung sebagai alternatif MP-ASI dalam upaya pencegahan penyakit tidak menular. Penelitian menggunakan metode eksperimen laboratorium dengan melibatkan panelis untuk menguji daya terima makanan. Uji Homogenitas, Uji Anova dan Uji Lanjut Tuckey untuk melihat perbedaan perlakuan terbaik. Hasil, formula crackers Cibi yang paling disukai dari aspek penilaian warna, rasa, dan kerenyahan adalah formulasi F2 dan mengandung kadar air, protein, besi dan seng yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan formula kontrol. Namun, dari segi kadar abu, lemak dan karbohidrat, Formulasi F2 lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan formula kontrol. Kesimpulan, formula crackers Cibi yang paling disukai dari aspek penilaian rasa, warna, dan kerenyahan adalah formulasi F2, yaitu formula dengan substitusi tepung ikan kembung 25 gram dan tepung jagung manis 25 gram. Hasil Uji AKK (Angka Kapang Khamir) menunjukkan F3 masih terdapat Khamir dan masih berada pada batas aman SNI Biskuit.
Ladyamayu Pinasti, Zenny Nugraheni, Budiyanti Wiboworini
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 19-26; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.192

Abstract:
Anaemia occurs due to several factors, such as deficiency of iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 and protein. Anemia is directly caused by the lack of red blood cell production, the body loses blood either acutely or in a chronic manner, and the destruction of red blood cells is too fast. One of the prevention of anaemia by providing functional food that is developed is tempe which has high quality and nutritional value. The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze the potential of tempeh in increasing hemoglobin levels in patients with anaemia. This research is a literature review with a narrative method that studies and analyzes research results related to the potential of tempe to increase hemoglobin levels in patients with anaemia. The results of this study are the results of a literature review review which shows that Tempe contains an average of 2,0 mg of iron, folic acid 0,9-2,0 mg/kg according to the inoculum used and vitamin B12 raw tempe 0,08 μg/100 grams and cooked tempeh 0,14 μg/100 grams. The conclusion of this study states that tempeh has adequate nutritional value of protein, iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid, so that tempeh has the potential to increase hemoglobin levels in patients with anaemia. Expected, to be the basis of further research on genomics and genetic influences on human against tempe bioavailability as a functional food for adolescent anaemia. Anemia merupakan suatu keadaan jumlah sel darah merah atau kadar hemoglobin (Hb) dalam darah lebih rendah daripada nilai normal. Anemia terjadi karena beberapa faktor, diantaranya defisiensi besi, asam folat, vitamin B12 dan protein. Secara langsung anemia disebabkan kurangnya produksi sel darah merah, tubuh kehilangan darah baik secara akut atau menahun, dan hancurnya sel darah merah yang terlalu cepat. Salah satu pencegahan anemia dengan pemberian bahan pangan fungsional yang dikembangkan yaitu tempe yang mempunyai mutu dan nilai gizi tinggi. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengkaji dan menganalisis potensi tempe dalam meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin pada penderita anemia. Penelitian merupakan literature review dengan metode naratif yang mengkaji dan menganalisis hasil penelitian yang terkait dengan potensi tempe untuk meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin pada penderita anemia. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa Tempe mengandung rata-rata zat besi sebanyak 2,0 mg, asam folat 0,9-2,0 mg/kg sesuai dengan inoculum yang digunakan dan vitamin B12 tempe mentah 0,08 μg/100 gram dan tempe matang 0,14 μg/100 gram. Kesimpulan penelitian ini menyatakan tempe mempunyai nilai gizi zat besi, vitamin B12, dan asam folat yang cukup, sehingga tempe berpotensi untuk meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin pada penderita anemia. Penelitian ini diharapkan menjadi dasar penelitian lanjutan mengenai pengaruh genomik dan genetik pada manusia terhadap bioavabilitas tempe sebagai pangan fungsional untuk remaja anemia.
Wiqayatun Khazanah
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.109

Abstract:
Food is sourced from biodiversity and water as food and beverages or as additional ingredients in food processing. Unclean food processing will focus on human health which needs to pay attention to food safety in the processing needed in the household kitchen. Food safety education is a means to provide knowledge about housewives about food knowledge of foodborne illness. By providing education to mothers who can implement good food safety in the home kitchen. This study discusses education about household kitchen safety education. This research was conducted in Darul Imarah Aceh Besar Subdistrict in October 2017. This study used a descriptive analytic design. The number of samples was 40 people who were randomly selected by strata random sampling method and data collection was done using a pretest and posttest questionnaire. Data analysis using paired t-test. The results was showed were differences between hand washing education (p= 0,000), food storage (p= 0,000), cross contamination (p= 0,036). Conclusion, there is a difference between before and after food safety education.Pangan bersumber dari hayati dan air sebagai makanan dan minuman atau bahan tambahan dalam mengolah makanan. Pengolahan makanan yang tidak bersih akan berpengaruh pada kesehatan manusia sehingga perlu memperhatikan keamanan pangan pada pengolahan terutama di dapur rumah tangga. Edukasi keamanan pangan merupakan suatu sarana untuk memberikan pengetahuan bagi ibu rumah tangga mengenai kerentanan makanan terhadap penyakit bawaan makanan. Dengan memberikan edukasi di harapkan ibu dapat menerapkan keamanan pangan yang baik di dapur rumah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh edukasi keamanan pangan di dapur rumah tangga. Penelitian ini di lakukan di Kecamatan Darul Imarah Aceh Besar pada bulan Oktober 2017. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan deskriptif analitik. Total sampel sebanyak 40 orang yang dipilih secara acak dengan metode strata random sampling dan pengumpulan data di lakukan menggunakan kuasioner pretest dan postest. Analisis data menggunakan paired t-test. Hasil menunjukkan perbedaan antara edukasi cuci tangan (p=0,000), penyimpanan bahan makanan (p=0,00), kontaminasi silang (p=0,036). Kesimpulan, terdapat perbedaan antara sebelum dan sesudah edukasi keamanan pangan
Imelda Telisa, Eliza Eliza
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 80-86; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.241

Abstract:
Teenagers are a group of ranges experiencing nutritional problems. Nutrition problems that often occur in adolescents are lack of nutrient intake which can trigger chronic energy deficiency (CED) and anemia as a result of iron deficiency. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship of macro nutrient intake, iron intake, hemoglobin levels to the risk of chronic energy deficiency. This study uses a case-control design, which was carried out on 72 Muhammadiyah 1 Palembang high school students consisting of 36 at risk of CED and 36 at no risk of CED. Data on macro-nutrient intake and Fe intake were obtained from the calculation of Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ), Hemoglobin content data using the quick check method, and CED data through measurement of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). Data analysis using the Chi-square test at CI:95%. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between energy consumption and macronutrient intake (p=0,004), protein (p=0,004), fat (p=0,031), and iron intake (p=0,000) with the risk of young female CED. The absorption of macro and micronutrients influences. The conclusion, the risk of CED in adolescent girls. Suggestions, education and interventions need to be done related to the importance of paying attention to the nutritional status of adolescent girls. Remaja merupakan kelompok rentang mengalami masalah gizi. Masalah gizi yang sering terjadi pada remaja adalah kurangnya asupan zat gizi yang dapat memicu terjadinya kurang energi kronis (KEK) serta anemia sebagai akibat kekurangan zat besi. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan asupan zat gizi makro, asupan zat besi, kadar haemoglobin terhadap risiko kurang energi kronis. Metode penelitian survei analitik dengan desain secara kasus kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan pada 72 siswi SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palembang terdiri 36 berisiko KEK dan 36 tidak KEK. Data asupan zat gizi makro dan asupan Fe diperoleh dari perhitungan Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ), data kadar Haemoglobin menggunakan metode quick cek, dan data KEK melalui pengukuran lingkar lengan atas (LiLA). Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi-square pada CI:95%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan signifikan antara asupan z\at gizi makro energi (p=0,004), protein (p=0,004), lemak (p=0,031) dan asupan zat besi (p=0,000) dengan risiko KEK remaja putri. Kesimpulan, Risiko KEK pada remaja putri dipengaruhi oleh asupan zat gizi makro dan mikro. Saran, perlu dilakukan edukasi dan intervensi terkait pentingnya memperhatikan status gizi remaja putri.
Cantika Zaddana, Almasyhuri Almasyhuri, Risa Alfi Shalatin
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 87-97; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.267

Abstract:
Apple and green tea are natural products that can be used as a functional food because they contain flavonoids in the form of question and catechin which have potential as an antioxidant. Those natural products were made into a sheet jam as modified from usual spread jams. This study aimed to determine the best formula of sheet jams with different concentrations of green tea extract in each formula, as well as a level of flavonoid, antioxidant activity, and dietary fiber from the most preferred formula. The study design was a complete randomized randomized trial. There were four formulas that had been made with different concentrations of green tea extract, which were F1=0%, F2=5%, F3=10%, and F4=15%. The parameters used in this study were panelist acceptance, flavonoid level, antioxidant activity, and dietary fiber. The results of the analysis showed that F3 was the most preferred formula by panelists based on the highest hedonic test. Flavonoid level of F3 was 0,0298%, and the antioxidant activity was 91,7530 ppm, which classified has strong antioxidant activity. This study also showed that F3 had a fiber content of 6,86%, which classified has high dietary fiber content.Buah apel dan teh hijau merupakan bahan alam yang dapat dijadikan sebagai pangan fungsional karena adanya kandungan senyawa flavonoid berupa kuersetin dan katekin yang berpotensi sebagai antioksidan selain itu apel juga memiliki kadar serat pangan yang tinggi. Kedua bahan tersebut dijadikan olahan produk pangan dalam bentuk selai lembaran sebagai modifikasi dari selai oles. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menentukan formula terbaik selai lembaran dari buah apel dengan perbedaan kepekatan sari teh hijau, kadar flavonoid, aktivitas antioksidan, dan kadar serat pangan dari selai lembaran. Desain penelitian adalah ekperimen secara random acak lengkap. Terdapat 4 formula selai lembaran yang digunakan dengan perbedaan kepekatan sari teh hijau yaitu F1 (0%), F2 (5%), F3 (10%) dan F4 (15%). Parameter yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah daya terima panelis, kadar air, pH, kadar flavonoid dan aktivitas antioksidan selai lembaran. Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa F3 merupakan formula yang paling disukai panelis dengan nilai uji hedonik yang tertinggi. Kadar flavonoid selai lembaran F3 sebesar 0,0298% serta memiliki aktivitas antioksidan dengan IC50 91,7530 ppm yang tergolong kuat. Kadar serat pangan F3 adalah 6.86% dimana selai lembaran dikategorikan memiliki kadar serat yang tinggi.
Yulia Fitri, Agus Hendra Al Rahmad, Suryana Suryana, Nurbaiti Nurbaiti
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.186

Abstract:
Traditional food also proves as functional food wich prevents degenerative diseases. The fact shows in children's school the traditional food is less popular than modern food (nontraditional). But modern snacks have a negatively impact on health status. This habit will not occur if the children get knowledge about good nutrition. The aim of this research is to find out the effect of nutritional counseling on traditional food toward children's knowledge and attitude at Elementry School 11st in Banda Aceh. Quasi-experimental research was conducted on 33 students drawn randomly, measured before and after the extension of knowledge respondents using a questionnaire form, and data analysis used a T-test statistical tests dependent on CI: 95%. The results, the average level of knowledge of children before and after the extension is 10, 45, and 11,88. The average behavior before and after counseling was 6,73 and 7,09. In conclusion, counseling has an influence in increasing the knowledge of schoolchildren about traditional snacks but does not affect changing the behavior of elementary school children. Suggestions need to increase outreach using media in changing the behavior of elementary school children. Jajanan tradisional merupakan makanan fungsional, yang dapat mencegah beberapa jenis penyakit degenerative. Fakta menunjukkan bahwapada anak sekolah jajanan tradisional kurang digemari dibandingkan jajanan modern (non tradisional). Namun, jajanan moderen (non tradisional) berdampak negatif terhadap status kesehatan. Apabila setiap anak tidak memiliki pengetahuan dan perilaku tentang gizi, maka mereka akan salah dalam memilih jajanan yang sehat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengukur pengaruh penyuluhan gizi tentang jajanan tradisional terhadap tingkat pengetahuan dan perilaku anak. Desain penelitian kuasi eksperimen pada 33 siswa sekolah dasar, dengan pendekatan pre-postest observational, sebelum dan sesudah penyuluhan diukur pengetahuan responden dengan menggunakan form kuesioner, dan analisa data menguunakan uji statistik T-test dependen pada CI:95%. Hasil, rata-rata tingkat pengetahuan anak sebelum dan sesudah penyuluhan adalah 10,45 dan 11,88. Rata-rata perilaku sebelum dan sesudah diberikan penyuluhan adalah 6,73 dan 7,09. Kesimpulan, penyuluhan mempunyai pengaruh dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan anak sekolah tentang jajanan tradisional, namun tidak berpengaruh dalam mengubah perilaku anak-anak sekolah dasar. Saran, perlu peningkatan penyuluhan dengan menggunakan media dalam mengubah perilaku anak-anak sekolah dasar.
Sudarmi Sudarmi, Bertalina Bertalina, Aprina Aprina
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 5, pp 71-79; doi:10.30867/action.v5i1.212

Abstract:
The behavior of a pregnant mother to consume healthy food, including the quality and quantity of food that is diverse and balanced according to the needs during pregnancy, is very desirable. Effective education to deliver a balanced nutrition message requires an Interprofessional Educative Collaboration Practice (IPE-CP) approach. The involvement of various professions is thought to be effective in increasing mothers' knowledge and attitudes about balanced nutrition. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the application of IPE-CP on balanced nutrition on the knowledge and attitude of a pregnant mother. The research is a quasi-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design. Samples were taken as many as 60 pregnant women using the Federer formula. Interventions in the form of education and assistance on balanced nutrition provided by the application of IPE-CP. Data is taken by pre-test and post-test questions about balanced nutrition. Data analyzed using the Dependent T-test and the Cohen Effect test. The results showed that there was a significant influence on the application of IPE-CP to maternal knowledge (p=0,003), maternal attitudes (p=0,000) about balanced nutrition. The most influential effect size is the mother's attitude (0,92), so it has a big effect. In conclusion, IPE-CP is very effective in increasing the knowledge and attitude of pregnant women about balanced nutrition. Suggestions for health workers to be able to implement IPE-CP in solving nutrition problems. Perilaku ibu hamil untuk mengkonsumsi makanan sehat, mencakup kualitas maupun kuantitas makanan yang beragam dan berimbang sesuai dengan kebutuhan di masa kehamilannya sangatlah diharapkan. Edukasi yang efektif untuk menyampaikan pesan gizi seimbang diperlukan strategi pendekatan Interprofessional Educatif Calaboration Practice (IPE-CP). Keterlibatan berbagai profesi diduga efektif untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap ibu tentang gizi seimbang. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh penerapan IPE-CP tentang gizi seimbang terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap ibu hamil. Jenis penelitian kuasi eksperimen rancangan one group pretest–posttest design. Sampel 60 ibu hamil diperoleh berdasarkan perhitungan rumus Federer. Intervensi berupa edukasi dan pendampingan tentang gizi seimbang yang diberikan dengan penerapan IPE-CP. Data diambil dengan pre-test dan post-tes soal tentang gizi seimbang. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Dependent T-test serta uji cohen effect. Hasil menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh signifikan penerapan IPE-CP terhadap pengetahuan ibu (p= 0,003), sikap ibu (p= 0,000) tentang gizi seimbang. Effect Size yang paling berpengaruh yaitu sikap ibu (0,92) sehingga berpengaruh besar. Kesimpulan, IPE-CP sangat efektif untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap ibu hamil tentang gizi seimbang. Saran, kepada petugas kesehatan untuk dapat menerapkan IPE-CP dalam memecahkan masalah gizi ibu hamil.
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