AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-3310 / 2548-5741
Published by: Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Aceh (10.30867)
Total articles ≅ 136
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DOAJ
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Dyah Permanasari, Afrinia Eka Sari, Mujahidil Aslam
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 9-14; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.321

Abstract:
Pletok beer is a spice drink originating from the Betawi tribe. Spices used in pletok brewing include ginger, cloves, lemongrass, cinnamon, secang. This research aims to formulate Bir Pletok which produces high antioxidant activity and high acceptance from panelists. Bir Pletok formulated in the form of a variety sugar concentration, that is 4%, 8%, 12%. This research will be examined the antioxidant activity and the sensory analysis of Bir Pletok to find out the panelists’ acceptance of its color, smell, and taste. This research will be conducted at STIKes Mitra Keluarga with 30 panelists. This research uses the experimental Descriptive method. The independent variable in this research is the sugar concentration, while the dependent variable is the antioxidant activity. Measurement of the antioxidant activity will use the DPPH test and the hedonic (preference) test using questionnaires. The results showed that the combination treatment of the addition of sugar equal to 4% is the best results: Antioxidant Capacity 610,278 ppm and a panelist as well as the colors 3,83 (like), odor 3,86 (Like); and sense at 2,86 (Neutral). Overall, the Bir pletok had high antioxidant activity that is the potential to prevent non-communicable diseases. important factors in the pletok brewing process are heating time and temperature.
Kusdalinah Kusdalinah, Desri Suryani
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 93-99; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.385

Abstract:
The Lack of intake of macro nutrients such as energy, protein, and micronutrients such as zinc, iron, calcium, and vitamin A, especially during the growth period will disrupt the growth process of a child which has an impact on stunting. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of respondents and the relationship between macro and micro nutrient intake and stunting in elementary school (SD) children in Bengkulu City. The research design was cross-sectional with cluster sampling. The sample consisted of 82 elementary school children who were stunted in the Teluk Segara District, Bengkulu City. Data collection was carried out by interview and SQ-FFQ. Data processed in computerized. Data analysis using correlation test. The average energy intake was 783.5 kcal, protein 28.3 grams, carbohydrates 103.1 grams, calcium intake 198.1 mg, while the median value for fat intake was 36.7 grams, zinc 3.1 mg, iron 4 mg, and vitamins. A 201.6 mcg. All of these nutrient intakes are very low when compared to the recommended nutritional adequacy rate for school-age children. There is no relationship between macro and micro nutrient intake and stunting in elementary school children in Bengkulu City (p > 0,05). In conclusion, the intake of both micro and macro nutrients is still low in elementary school children and does not show an association with the incidence of stunting.
Betty Yosephin Simanjuntak, Anang Wahyudi
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 100-110; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.426

Abstract:
The preconception period is the ideal time to optimize the health of women before becoming a mother. The prevalence of stunting is still above 25%, which will affect the next life cycle. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of fathers through educational nutrition during preconceptions. It was designed as a quasi-experimental study. There were a total of 60 participants in the leaflet group and 60 participants in pocketbooks with incidental sampling technique. Education of first thousands of days of life which contain chronic energy deficiency (CED), anaemia, initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, weaning food and stunting topics was given by officer of Religious Affairs Office for three days. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire through interviews. Data analysis was used pair t-test, Wilcoxon and Mc Nemar test. Results, after getting education using pocketbook, increasing knowledge especially at CED and weaning food (p= 0,006), anaemia, early initiation of breastfeeding and stunting (p= 0,000), exclusive breastfeeding (p= 0,035). Increasing in attitudes significantly after using pocketbooks especially (p < 0,05) on CED, anaemia and initiation of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, and stunting topics. In conclusion, the increase in men's knowledge in the leaflet group, especially anaemia and initiation of breastfeeding while in the pocketbook group all of the topics increased significantly.
Rapitos Sidiq, Rina Hasniyati, Marni Handayani
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.318

Abstract:
The nutritional needs of preschool children are very important for their growth and development. However, the problem is the low consumption of preschool children for fruits and vegetables, so it requires special strategies, for that the role of the family is very important. This study aims to determine the impact of nutrition education and changes in mother's behavior towards the fulfillment of vegetable and fruit consumption strategies in pre-school children. This research uses quasi-experimental and observational methods, observations were carried out on 30 September 2019 on 44 preschool children. Data collection was carried out on September 20, 2019, in Early Childhood Education SB in 50 mothers of preschool children. The data is processed in stages; editing, coding, transferring and tabulating. Univariate data analysis in the form of frequency distribution tables, paired t-test statistical test. The results showed an average value of knowledge before the intervention (p= 0,000). Observation results show that after nutrition education was given, only 31,8% of preschool children were given vegetable and fruit supplies or processed food vegetables and fruits by the mother when going to school. The conclusion of the study is nutrition education on maternal strategies in increasing consumption of vegetables and fruit in preschool children in early childhood education effectively changing maternal knowledge but has not had a comprehensive impact on changes in mother’s behavior
Nathasa Weisdania Sihite, Ikeu Tanziha
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 15-24; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.395

Abstract:
Sufficient food availability in an area does not guarantee household food security. Household food security is a condition for the fulfillment of food for every household both in terms of quantity and quality. The purpose of this research was to determine the factors related to household food security in Medan City. The research design used was a cross-sectional design. The location was in Medan Kota and Medan Denai District that chosen purposively with criteria for poverty level is 15-20 percent. The household sample was taken randomly as 120 households with the criteria prosperity (Pra KS and KS 1,2,3). The result of the research shows that 67,5% of households were household food insecurity, and 32,5% of households were household food security. Household expenditure has a relationship with household food security (p= 0,000), while the age of the household head, number of family members, and education level did not show any relationship (p> 0,05). In conclusion, that household expenditure has a direct effect on the status of household food security in Medan City. There needs to be a strategy and active participation from the local government in overcoming the problem of household food security in Medan City.
Andita Putri Astari, Setyowati Setyowati, Sri Kadaryati
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 33-40; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.351

Abstract:
Maintaining food quality can be done by supervising portion standards. One of the important components in food management is the quality of human resources. The research objective was to determine the accuracy of serving dishes in terms of the characteristics of the serving staff. This observational study had a cross-sectional design. Collecting data in July 2019 at the Nutrition Installation of Dr. Tjitrowardojo Purworejo hospital. The research subjects were 14 people who were taken by a purposive sampling method. Subject characteristics consist of age, gender, level of education, and length of work. The accuracy of serving dishes was categorized into precise (±10% of standard serving) and imprecise (10% of standard serving). The weighing method is used to determine the portion produced by the research subject. The research instrument is a digital food scale that has been calibrated at the BBKKP Calibration Laboratory with the number: 310/Labkal/V/2019. Data analysis used the Spearman Rank Correlation test. The results showed that most of the dishes were not done correctly (85,7%). Statistically, the characteristics of the serving staff do not show a correlation with the accuracy of serving dishes (p > 0,05). Concluded, there is no correlation between the characteristics of the proponents with the accuracy of the serving dishes in Dr. Tjitrowardojo Purworejo hospital.
Julia Rahman, Iin Fatmawati, Muh. Nur Hasan Syah, Dian Luthfiana Sufyan
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 65-74; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.391

Abstract:
The problem of overweight in adolescents is caused by multiplicity, including friendships and also the amount of pocket money which will affect the pattern of daily food consumption. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship peer group support, pocket money, and food consumption patterns with overweight. This research is observational with a cross-sectional approach. The sample was selected by 50 respondents with stratified random sampling technique, this study was conduction in 2020. Data collected by interviews for respondent characteristics, peer group support, pocket money, and food consumption patterns using the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Data analysis using Chi-Square Test. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between peer group support and overweight (p= 0,048), There is a significant relationship between pocket money and overnutrition (p= 0,001) and there is a significant relationship between food consumption patterns with overnutrition (p= 0,000). The results of the study indicated that there was a relationship between peer group support, pocket money, and food consumption patterns with overweight. From these results, it is hoped that adolescents will be able to minimize the influence of their peers and be able to allocate pocket money to consume nutritious daily food.
, Amiruddin Amiruddin
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 82-92; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.421

Abstract:
Goat milk contains beneficial nutrients that supposedly improve the performance and health of athletes. The objective of this research was to discover the benefits of goat milk on anthropometric (weight, height, body mass index (BMI)), blood pressure (BP), leg muscle strength (LMS), and calcium in junior footballers. This research was a quasi-experimental design (one group pretest-posttest). Subjects: 22 football athletes, male, 12-16 years old, regular training, and healthy. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The treatment was fresh goat's milk, a dose of 250 ml/day, given at 04.00-06.00 p.m, throughout 21 days. The subject examination includes measurements: weight, height, BMI, BP, LMS, and serum calcium using a weighing scale, microtoise, BMI formula, sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, leg dynamometer, and Cresol Phtalein Complex. Data were analyzed by paired sample t-test (p<0,05). Results, there were significant differences in weight (p= 0,000) and BMI (p= 0,033) before and after treatment. Conversely, there was a significant enhancement of LMS (p= 0,000), systolic (p= 0,005), without a diastolic increase (p= 0,143), significantly decreased hypocalcemia percentage (p= 0,001) after treatment. In conclusion, consumption of fresh goat milk regularly increased LMS, regulates diastolic within normal limits, as well as reduces weight, BMI, and percentage of hypocalcemia therefore it is highly recommended to consume 2-3 glasses of goats milk per day for junior footballers.
Abdul Rivai Saleh Dunggio
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.246

Abstract:
Walking can affect the muscles to stretch which can improve physical fitness for prevention in elderly women. Galoba contains flavonoids that have anti-oxidative properties and play a role in preventing damage to cells and their cellular components by reactive free radicals. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of the physical exercise model walking by giving galoba juice on body fat composition and antioxidant status in women aged > 55 years. This study was a true experiment with a pre-posttest with a control group. Consecutive admission sampling technique, as many as 20 people. Data collection was carried out by observing mothers who did walking sports by giving galoba juice for 14 consecutive days with a walking time of 25 minutes. Statistical was using the Independent t-test. The results obtained that the average value of body fat composition after walking was 38,1% 0,05). The average value of total anti-oxidants after walking was 1,58 µg/mL 0,05). The conclusion is that there is no effect of walking physical exercise on body fat composition and there is no effect of the physical exercise model walking with the provision of galoba juice on total antioxidant levels.
Fillah Fithra Dieny, Ria Fitri Setyaningsih, A Fahmy Arif Tsani
AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal, Volume 6, pp 48-57; https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v6i1.381

Abstract:
An adolescent female athlete has a high risk of suffering iron deficiency. Low-quality diets reflect a lack of variety, adequacy, balance, and moderation, but these have not been associated with iron deficiency. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of diet quality with iron deficiency. Methods, the research was conducted at the Student Center for Education and Sports Training Central Java, the Salatiga athletic club, the Semarang State University athletic, and the swimming club. The subjects were 82 female athletes aged 13-21 years who were selected by purposive sampling. The variables of this study were diet quality and iron deficiency. The diet quality measured by assessing food consumption used the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire and then the diet quality score calculated by Diet Quality Index-International. Iron deficiency measured based on serum ferritin level. The bivariate was analyzed by the Rank Spearman test. Results, as many as 17,1% of subjects suffering iron deficiency and 95,1% of subjects had low diet quality. Diet quality and its component; Variety, adequacy, moderation, and overall balance were associated with serum ferritin (p<0,05). Energy, protein, iron, fiber adequacy also related to serum ferritin, but vitamin C adequacy was not related to this. In conclusion, low-quality diets are associated with iron deficiency in female athletes.
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