Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1751-8113 / 1751-8121
Published by: IOP Publishing (10.1088)
Total articles ≅ 11,625
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Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3ebc

Abstract:
We introduce a pair of time-reversible models defined on the discrete space-time lattice with 3 states per site, specifically, a vacancy and a particle of two flavours (species). The local update rules reproduce the rule 54 reversible cellular automaton when only a single species of particles is present, and satisfy the requirements of flavour exchange (C), space-reversal (P), and time-reversal (T) symmetries. We find closed-form expressions for three local conserved charges and provide an explicit matrix product form of the grand canonical Gibbs states, which are identical for both models. For one of the models this family of Gibbs states seems to be a complete characterisation of equilibrium (i.e. space and time translation invariant) states, while for the other model we empirically find a sequence of local conserved charges, one for each support size larger than 2, hinting to its algebraic integrability. Finally, we numerically investigate the behaviour of spatio-temporal correlation functions of charge densities, and test the hydrodynamic prediction for the model with exactly three local charges. Surprisingly, the numerically observed 'sound velocity' does not match the hydrodynamic value. The deviations are either significant, or they decay extremely slowly with the simulation time, which leaves us with an open question for the mechanism of such a glassy behaviour in a deterministic locally interacting system.
, Maximiliano Sandoval
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3da4

Abstract:
In this work we study the differential aspects of the noncommutative geometry for the magnetic C*-algebra which is a 2-cocycle deformation of the group C*-algebra of R2. This algebra is intimately related to the study of the Quantum Hall Effect in the continuous, and our results aim to provide a new geometric interpretation of the related Kubo's formula. Taking inspiration from the ideas developed by Bellissard during the 80's, we build an appropriate Fredholm module for the magnetic C*-algebra based on the magnetic Dirac operator which is the square root (à la Dirac) of the quantum harmonic oscillator. Our main result consist of establishing an important piece of Bellissard's theory, the so-called second Connes' formula. In order to do so, we establish the equality of three cyclic 2-cocycles defined on a dense subalgebra of the magnetic C*-algebra. Two of these 2-cocycles are new in the literature and are defined by Connes' quantized differential calculus, with the use of the Dixmier trace and the magnetic Dirac operator.
, Ivan Gonoskov
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3da5

Abstract:
A new procedure to diagonalize quadratic Hamiltonians is introduced. We show that one can establish the diagonalization of a quadratic Hamiltonian by changing the frame of reference by a unitary transformation. We give a general method to diagonalize an arbitrary quadratic Hamiltonian and derive a few of the simplest special cases in detail.
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3da6

Abstract:
The barrier billiard is the simplest example of pseudo-integrable models with interesting and intricate classical and quantum properties. Using the Wiener-Hopf method it is demonstrated that quantum mechanics of a rectangular billiard with a barrier in the centre can be reduced to the investigation of a certain unitary matrix. Under heuristic assumptions this matrix is substituted by a special low-complexity random unitary matrix of independent interest. The main results of the paper are (i) spectral statistics of such billiards is insensitive to the barrier height and (ii) it is well described by the semi-Poisson distributions.
, Pasquale Calabrese, Benjamin Doyon, Jerome Dubail
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3d68

Abstract:
We apply the theory of Quantum Generalized Hydrodynamics (QGHD) introduced in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 140603 (2020)] to derive asymptotically exact results for the density fluctuations and the entanglement entropy of a one-dimensional trapped Bose gas in the Tonks-Girardeau (TG) or hard- core limit, after a trap quench from a double well to a single well. On the analytical side, the quadratic nature of the theory of QGHD is complemented with the emerging conformal invariance at the TG point to fix the universal part of those quantities. Moreover, the well-known mapping of hard-core bosons to free fermions, allows to use a generalized form of the Fisher-Hartwig conjecture to fix the non-trivial spacetime dependence of the ultraviolet cutoff in the entanglement entropy. The free nature of the TG gas also allows for more accurate results on the numerical side, where a higher number of particles as compared to the interacting case can be simulated. The agreement between analytical and numerical predictions is extremely good. For the density fluctuations, however, one has to average out large Friedel oscillations present in the numerics to recover such agreement.
Abhishek Agarwal
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3d67

Abstract:
A gauge invariant reformulation of nonrelativistic fermions in background magnetic fields is used to obtain the Laughlin and Jain wave functions as exact results in Mean Field Theory (MFT). The gauge invariant framework trades the U(1) gauge symmetry for an emergent holomorphic symmetry and fluxes for vortices. The novel holomorphic invariance is used to develop an analytical method for attaching vortices to particles. Vortex attachment methods introduced in this paper are subsequently employed to construct the Read operator within a second quantized framework and obtain the Laughlin and Jain wave functions as exact results entirely within a mean-field approximation. The gauge invariant framework and vortex attachment techniques are generalized to the case of spherical geometry and spherical counterparts of Laughlin and Jain wave functions are also obtained exactly within MFT.
, , Shlomi Reuveni
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3cdf

Abstract:
The remaining travel time of a plane shortens with every minute that passes from its departure, and a flame diminishes a candle with every second it burns. Such everyday occurrences bias us to think that processes which have already begun will end before those which have just started. Yet, the inspection paradox teaches us that the converse can also happen when randomness is at play. The paradox comes from probability theory, where it is often illustrated by measuring how long passengers wait upon arriving at a bus stop at a random time. Interestingly, such passengers may on average wait longer than the mean time between bus arrivals – a counter-intuitive result, since one expects to wait less when coming some time after the previous bus departed. In this viewpoint, we review the inspection paradox and its origins. The insight gained is then used to explain why, in some situations, stochastic resetting expedites the completion of random processes. Importantly, this is done with elementary mathematical tools which help develop a probabilistic intuition for stochastic resetting and how it works. This viewpoint can thus be used as an accessible introduction to the subject.
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3cde

Abstract:
The Gross-Neveu model with UL(Nf)xUR(Nf) chiral symmetry is reconsidered in the large Nc limit. The known analytical solution for the time dependent interaction of any number of twisted kinks and breathers is cast into a more revealing form. The (x,t)-dependent factors are isolated from constant coefficients and twist matrices. These latter generalize the twist phases of the single flavor model. The crucial tool is an identity for the inverse of a sum of two square matrices, derived from the known formula for the determinant of such a sum.
, Marcelo Dutra Fragoso
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3cdd

Abstract:
In this paper we put forward a Generalized Ohta-Kimura ladder model (GOKM) which bears a strong liaison with the so-called jump-type Fleming-Viot process (JFVP). The novelty here, when we compare with the classical Ohta-Kimura model, is that we now have an operator which allows multiple interaction among the individuals. It has to do with a generalized branching mechanism: m individual types extinguish and one individual type splits into m copies. The system of evolution equations arising from GOKM can be seen as a system of n-dimensional Kolmogorov forward equations (or Fokker-Planck equations). Besides the interest in its own right a favorable feature of GOKM, vis-`a-vis JFVP, is that its analysis requires a more amenable armory of concepts and mathematical technique to analyze some relevant issues such as correlation, indistinguishability of individuals and stationarity. In addition, as a by product, we show that the connection between Ohta-Kimura Model and diffusion with resetting, as previously structured in [6], can be extended to our setting.
Rahul Ghosh
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical; https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8121/ac3ce0

Abstract:
We present a new approach to study the one-dimensional Dirac equation in the background of a position-dependent mass m. Taking the Fermi velocity vf to be a local variable, we explore the resulting structure of the coupled equations and arrive at an interesting constraint of m turning out to be the inverse square of vf. We address several solvable systems that include the free particle, shifted harmonic oscillator, Coulomb and nonpolynomial potentials. In particular, in the supersymmetric quantum mechanics context, the upper partner of the effective potential yields a new form for an inverse quadratic functional choice of the Fermi velocity.
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