Banks and Bank Systems

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18167403 / 19917074
Current Publisher: LLC CPC Business Perspectives (10.21511)
Total articles ≅ 308
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Latest articles in this journal

Teguh Supangkat, Eleonora Sofilda, Muhammad Zilal Hamzah, Ari Mulianta Ginting
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 29-43; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(3).2020.04

Financial conglomerates and bank competition play a significant role in developing efficiency levels and increased risk exposure. This study aims to formulate a conceptual model of the policy’s impact of financial conglomerates and bank competition on bank efficiency and stability risk. This research is conducted using data samples from 90 commercial banks in Indonesia from 2010 to 2017. The empirical analysis is carried out using the dynamic data panel or Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The study results show that policies of financial conglomerates and competition have a positive effect on banking efficiency. These results support previous empirical studies, where financial conglomeration, in general, can improve banking efficiency. Furthermore, it is found that the interaction between financial conglomerates and competition has a positive effect on banking stability. The implication of this research shows that the potential risks that cause distortion become irrelevant when the banking structure is more competitive. Furthermore, this study recommends the need to build the ideal financial conglomerate institutional structure to strengthen and encourage the role of more competitive banks.
Fouzan Al Qaisi
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 10-19; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(3).2020.02

The study aims to test the role of the measures implemented by the Central Bank of Jordan to reduce the effect of financial crisis on the Jordanian banks, using two independent variables (loans and advances rate, overnight deposit window), which are the actions of the Central Bank of Jordan, and four dependent variables (liquidity ratio, ROA ratio, capital adequacy ratio, non-performing loans ratio), which are financial stability indicators for the banks for six years (2005–2011). To get the study results, these data are measured and analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). It was found that the actions of the Central Bank of Jordan (loans and advances rate, overnight deposit window rate): have a statistically significant impact on the non-performing loans ratio (2005–2011); do not have a statistically significant impact on the capital adequacy ratio (2005–2011); have a statistically significant impact on ROA ratio (2005–2011); do not have a statistically significant impact on the liquidity ratio (2005–2011).
Mohannad A. M. Abu Daqar, Samer Arqawi, Sharif Abu Karsh
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 20-28; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(3).2020.03

This study investigates the Millennials and Gen Z perception toward Fintech services, their usage intention, and their financial behavior. The study took place in the Palestinian context with a global comparison among these generations. The authors used the questionnaire-based technique to meet the study objective. West Bank respondents were selected for this purpose; the study instrument was distributed through different social media channels. The findings show that reliability/trust and ease of use are the main issues in using a financial service. Millennials are more aware (48%) of Fintech services than Gen Z (38%), which is different from the global view where Gen Z is the highest. The smartphone penetration rate is 100% among both generations, while the financial inclusion ratio in Palestine is around 36.4%; these clear indicators are the main Fintech drivers to promote Fintech services in Palestine, and these are global indicators for Fintech adoption intention. Both generations (84%) intend to use e-wallet services, Millennials (87%) and Gen Z is (70%) prefer using real-time services. Half of the respondents see that Fintech plays a complementary role with banks. The majority see that Fintech services are cheaper than bank services. Wealth management, and robot advisor services, and both generations are looking to acquire them in the long run. The authors revealed that 85% of respondents from both generations trust banks, so it is recommended that banks digitize their financial services to meet the customers’ needs, considering that 90% of respondents see that promotions are a key issue in adopting Fintech services. Promoting e-wallet services by banks is highly recommended due to the massive rivalry with Fintech parties.
Mohammad Alsharif
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 1-9; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(3).2020.01

Using quarterly data from 2010 to 2019, this paper investigates the impact of listing status on the performance of the National Commercial Bank (NCB), the largest commercial bank in Saudi Arabia, by applying a combination of financial ratios analysis and efficient frontier analysis with a mix of parametric and non-parametric tests. The overall results show that although the NCB performance is superior compared to their counterparts, this superiority has deteriorated after the bank was listed in 2014. This result was captured by the deterioration in the efficiency measures of NCB, indicating the significance of using the efficient frontier analysis as an additional monitoring tool by the Saudi regulators. The financial ratios analysis also shows that even though the NCB profitability has increased, there is an increase in the bank’s overall risk after being listed. Therefore, Saudi regulators should closely monitor their listed banks as these banks are directed toward high-risk assets.
Oleksandra Hirna, Vira Druhova, Lidiia Dudynets, Olha Vernei, Dariusz Wawrzyniak
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 230-242; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(2).2020.20

The indicator-based method recommended by the Basel Committee is one of the most common approaches to identifying systemically important banks. National authorities often establish their own methodology by adding modern tools that, in their opinion, adequately capture systemic risk in their domestic economy. The paper shows that the updated methodology for assessing systemically important Ukrainian banks can be verified on publicly available data. The analysis confirms that the updated version of the National Bank’s assessment methodology is in line with those recommended by international banking institutions, but does not fully capture the current systemic risk factors. Systematization of literary and statistical sources indicates that one of the main sources of systemic risk in Ukraine is the establishment of a state monopoly in the banking market. Thus, the assessment methodology should be supplemented by instruments to evaluate the performance of the banking business. The indicator-based method and the minus one bank Z-score approach were tested to identify Ukrainian systemically important banks from 2010 to 2017.The loss of the leading role of PrivatBank in ensuring banking stability after the transition to state ownership since 2016, as well as the equalization of the systemic risk contribution of banks with state, foreign and domestic capital, was discovered. The study empirically confirms that Z-index, which combines the positive characteristics of the static asset return ratio and bankruptcy probability, can be used to determine the methodology as an indicator of the performance of systemically important banks, primarily state-owned banks.
Kingsley Aderemi Adeyemo, David Isiavwe, Dorcas Adetula, Olusanmi Olamide, Owolabi Folashade
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 243-253; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(2).2020.21

This study seeks to uncover the projected gains and challenges of a cashless and e-payment policy in Nigeria, with particular emphasis on the wellbeing of bank clients, and to examine the extent to which the promised benefits of the policy were realized eight years down the line of implementation. Researchers provided copies of a research questionnaire to selected bankers and bank customers in Ogun and Lagos states of Nigeria to find perceptions of the two stakeholder groups regarding the subject matter. Three hypotheses formulated were tested using ANOVA. The paper reveals that the cashless banking initiative in Nigeria has significantly enhanced bank customer satisfaction; the implementation of the cashless banking structure in Nigeria has not led to a significant reduction in the level of cash fraud in Nigerian banks; and the adoption of a cashless economy practice in Nigeria has significantly improved the management of bank customer funds in terms of spending and saving. The paper, in particular, recommends that bank regulators constantly and widely cooperate with all key stakeholders in the system in the fight against cybercrime. This will make the electronic space safe and reliable for use in doing banking in Nigeria and beyond. Acknowledgment The authors wish to acknowledge Covenant University for its financial support during the work on this paper.
Kehinde Adesina, Olayinka Erin, Opeyemi Ajetunmobi, Simon Ilogho, Osariemen Asiriuwa
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 214-229; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(2).2020.19

This study examines the importance of the application of forensic audit in controlling financial frauds that ravage or threaten the soundness and business continuity of Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Nigeria. The study used survey design methods, and the primary data were obtained through the administration of structured questionnaire covering seventeen (17) banks out of twenty-two (22) Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) operating in the country, which is 77.3%. In this study, the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method was used to analyze and test hypotheses, and the findings showed that the involvement of qualified and experienced forensic auditors would not only contribute to the amelioration of financial frauds in DMBs, but would also lead to much-needed sanity in the banking sector of Nigeria. The study recommends that regulatory agencies, within the limits prescribed by law, mandate all the banks to create a special forensic department, managed by a professional forensic auditor, which will develop and constantly implement effective and efficient internal control, timely prosecution of fraudsters by considering them to be criminals and as a deterrent to others, and work out adequate training and development programs for their staff, especially in fraud control, in order to reduce the number of fraud cases in Nigerian banks.
Banks and Bank Systems; doi:10.21511/bbs

LLC “CPC “Business Perspectives” - publishing platform for academic journals
Oluwaseyi Olalere, Aminul Islam, Mohd Zukime Mat Junoh, Wan Sallha Yusoff, Mohammed Masum Iqbal
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 200-213; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(2).2020.18

LLC “CPC “Business Perspectives” - publishing platform for academic journals
Patrick Ajibade, Stephen M. Mutula
Banks and Bank Systems, Volume 15, pp 187-199; doi:10.21511/bbs.15(2).2020.17

Efficient banking solutions are an integral part of the business integration of South African and Nigerian economies as the two largest economies in the continent. Security, effectiveness, and integration of banking systems are critical to the sustainable development of the African continent. Therefore, an empirical analysis of the production of research on banking services and systems was conducted. The aim of the study was to examine the robustness of the research findings on banking systems in terms of their importance for the economic sustainability of the continent in the era of the fourth industrial revolution. The study adopted a bibliometric analysis using software clusters to visualize the results. Due to higher visibility of outputs and likely citations, the results showed that the key terms from Google Scholar are ranked higher than outputs from Scopus. Main research interests were related to internet banking (f = 70), e-payment systems (f = 57), telephone banking (f = 56), automated teller machines (f = 54), and mobile banking (f = 40). The results also showed a very low research interest in the technical aspect of online banking services such as security (f = 19, TLS = 40), authentication (f = 17, TLS =33), network security (f =13, TLS = 33), computer crime (f = 16, TLS = 42), and online banking (f = 11, TLS =32). The study found there were insufficient outputs in the area of the fourth industrial revolution (4IR) and banking services in Africa. Future research trends should examine the impact of the 4IR and big data on the banking system, regional economic integration, and sustainable growth in the continent.
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