AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2407-814X / 2527-9238
Current Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (10.18196)
Total articles ≅ 93
Current Coverage
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Latest articles in this journal

Nurliza Nurliza, Agus Ruliyansyah, Rini Hazriani
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 1-11; doi:10.18196/agr.6186

Abstract:
The production of corn as the second most important cereal crops after rice is dominated by smallholders, particularly in West Kalimantan. However, smallholders in farmer cooperatives are unsustainable because of the lack of decision-making power at the grassroots level; limited access to land, capital, technologies, information and financial services; low market competitiveness; weak management; and limited policy and socio-cultural norms. This research aims to construct the behavior model for performance change of cooperative farmers in Rasau Jaya, Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan. It involved 75 smallholders recruited using purposive sampling technique. In-depth interviews using the structural equation modeling/SEM based on the new institutional approach and the theory of planned behavior were used in the study. The findings proved that intentions and past behaviors have positive and negative influence on farmers' cooperative behavior, but contradicted with control. Therefore, there are several efforts for changing the behavior in corn farmers’cooperatives, i.e. the perceived behavioral control can stimulate the motivation to be long-lived performing based on the resources and opportunities; pro-environmental behavior needs to engage a supportive injunctive norm and a supportive descriptive norm; a subjective norm for motivation to exhibitthe positive experiential attitude; and the confidence to perform and control their performance.
Dina Nurul Fitria, Harianto Harianto, Dominicus Savio Priyarsono, Noer Azam Achsani
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 93-106; doi:10.18196/agr.6193

Abstract:
Horticulture products price in Indonesia (for certain commodities) has experienced the issue of volatility, price decline at farm gate stage, due to an increase in supply is not equal to or comparable with price increase at the other stage. This paper endeavors to investigate threshold behavior in asymmetry test by taking the case of potatoes prices in two important state levels of price, i.e. farm gate prices, and retail prices. The observation used monthly price data from January 2009-December 2013. Threshold behavior detected by TAR model that fits in asymmetry testing with two regime. Threshold value is interpreted as a measure of transaction cost between retail to farm gate and increase the quantity supplied, that would create incentive for trade. Research results reveals as per monthly data price adjustment between farm gate to retail not presence of asymmetry price transmission. Asymmetry only reveals within seasonal data, threshold behavior forms margins overshoot of potatoes equilibrium trader’s levels, thus leading to farmer’s decision in profit maximization. Keywords: threshold behavior, asymmetry testing, potatoes, TAR Model, seasonal
Rokhani Rokhani, Mohammad Rondhi, Ebban Bagus Kuntadi, Joni Murti Mulyo Aji, Anik Suwandari, Agus Supriono, Triana Dewi Hapsari
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 12-23; doi:10.18196/agr.6187

Abstract:
The integrated value chain is a prerequisite for the successful industrialization of the agricultural sector. Contract farming (CF) is a useful instrument to integrate the agricultural value chain in developing countries such as Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to identify the determinants of farmer participation in sugarcane contract farming. The data utilized in this study was obtained from the Indonesian Plantation Farm Household Survey 2014 for Sugarcane. The data consists of 8.831 farmers distributed in 8 provinces. Logistic regression was used to estimate the determinants of farmer participation in sugarcane CF. The result shows that age, education, and type of cultivated land negatively affect farmer participation in sugarcane CF. Meanwhile, land tenure, cultivation area, cropping system, certified seed, membership in a cooperative, access to extension services, and membership in farmer’s association positively affect farmer participation in sugarcane CF. The policy implication for increasing farmer participation in CF is to intensify the information of CF to the farmer with a large cultivation area. Since these farmers tend to participate in CF to anticipate marketing risks.
Amam Amam, Mochammad Wildan Jadmiko, Pradiptya Ayu Harsita
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 63-73; doi:10.18196/agr.6191

Abstract:
Farmers institution is an organization that allows farmers to carry out farm agribusiness activities, from upstream (input) to downstream (processing and marketing), and connect with stakeholders. This study aims to investigate the institutional performance of dairy farmers and analyze its impact on resources. The research was conducted on May to September 2019 in Pujon sub-district, Malang district, East Java. The respondents were the 174 farmers registered as the member of Tirtasari Kresna Gemilang Joint Business Group (KUB). The data collection utilized Focus Group Discussion (FGD), observation, and survey. The survey was held through interviews and questionnaires with +1 to +5 Likert scale. The variables of this study were institutional performance (X), economic resources (Y), environmental resources (Y2), and social resources (Y3). The data was analyzed using the PLS (Partial Least Square) method. The result of the study shows that institutional performance affects economic, environmental, and social resources 31.3%, 21.9%, and 45.6%, respectively. This study concluded that the institutional performance of dairy farmers positively and significantly influences the economic and social resources, but insignificantly influences environmental resources.
Malose Moses Tjale, Marizvikuru Mwale, Beata M. Kilonzo
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 24-37; doi:10.18196/agr.6188

Abstract:
South African government guided by the Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994, implemented land restitution as one of the pillars of land reform programme. The mandate was to promote land ownership and equality between white and black people. This study determined the extent to which farm beneficiaries are satisfied with the performance of the restituted farms in Waterberg District. Quantitative approach was used to examine closed-ended data using stratified random sampling procedure. Interviews, photo-voice and non-participatory observation methods were additionally used to collect data through qualitative approach. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 25) was used to compute descriptive statistics and cross-tabulations while content analysis was used for the qualitative data. The study revealed that participation in the restituted farms was dominated by males (73.0 %). About 77 % of the farm beneficiaries were not satisfied with the performance of the farms and 60.5 % of them confirmed that their livelihoods were not changed due to lack of farm income. Moreover, (90.3 %) reported that farms did not create job opportunities for beneficiaries. It is recommended that intervention strategy, be implemented to enhance farm performance that will satisfy farm beneficiaries.
Titik Ekowati, Edy Prasetyo, Mukson Mukson
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 52-62; doi:10.18196/agr.6190

Abstract:
The economic conditions of rice, whether aspect of supply, demand, or rice price is continue to fluctuate due to changes of the phenomena. Therefore, this commodity needs to be examined in regarding its supply, demand and price aspects. This study aims to analyze the supply and price stability of rice. The study used a secondary data method. The study was conducted in Tawangsari and Mojolaban Districts of Sukoharjo Regency. Data were analyzed by Co variance analysis. The study results showed that supply and rice consumption were surplus and stable. The stability of prices and supply for paddy and rice is occurred in Tawangsari and Mojolaban Districts and Sukoharjo regency as well.
Minyahil Alemu Haile, Sisay Tola Whakeshum
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 74-92; doi:10.18196/agr.6192

Abstract:
The notion of social capital is noble in social science literatures and recently getting noteworthy attention in economics. Its economic relevance has also been well documentedin empirical studies. In this paper, we established relationshipsbetween the stock of household social capital and annual net income following approach for binary logit. Besides, we examined the relative economic importance of general viz special stocks of social capital. Statistical requirements with logistic regression were all tested robust. Consequently, the effectof social capital stock on household economy has found substantial. Of the two distinct forms, the special facet of social capital was found better and significant contributor to householdeconomy. However,the general aspect was suggested insignificantasit was not meaningfully interpreted in the household economic network.Thus, a wise household need to appropriate the general to special social capital establishment, since every additional stock of the later could be meant to considerablyhelp own welfare.
Nugrahana Fitria Ruhyana, Wiedy Yang Essa, Mardianis Mardianis
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 38-51; doi:10.18196/agr.6189

Abstract:
Sumedang Regency is categorized as food security at the regional level based on the 2015 Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas (FSVA), but at the household level, there are still cases of food insecurity. The problem faced is that the determinants of food security have not been identified based on household characteristics. The objective of this study was to determine the sociodemographic factors that affect household food security in Sumedang Regency. This study uses a quantitative method with 690 household analysis units obtained from the 2015 Susenas data. Data were analyzed by the logistic regression method. Sociodemographic factors that affect household food security in Sumedang Regency in 2015 from the aspect of household head characteristics are education, age, and smoking habits. While from the aspect of a household is the number of household members, rural residence, and position in work as a farm laborer. Household food security in Sumedang Regency will be better if there is an increase in household income sources of farm laborers, increased economic activity in rural communities, and expansion of community education accessibility, optimization of family planning programs, and increased knowledge and awareness of healthy living behaviors by reducing smoking habits.
Ungki Prabowo Putra, Irham Irham, Lestari Rahayu Waluyati
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 5, pp 162-172; doi:10.18196/agr.5285

Abstract:
The increasing of sugarcane productivity and yield is not only affected by factors of production such as seeds, fertilizer, labors, and herbicides. Other factors such as economic orientation and environmental awareness also show their effects on sugarcane productivity and yield. This research was conducted to determine the effect of economic orientation and environmental awareness both on productivity and yield of sugarcane community partners in the Wonolangan Sugar Factory. The study was conducted in Probolinggo and Lumajang Regency with 102 samples of farmers selected using simple random sampling. The measurement of the level of economic orientation and environmental awareness was carried out using Likert scale and was categorized as low, medium and high. The influence of economic orientation and environmental awareness both on productivity and yield of sugar cane were analyzed using multiple regression with the Cobb Douglas production function. Based on the results, the economic orientation and environmental awareness of farmers were relatively high and could increase sugarcane productivity and yield.
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