AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2407-814X / 2527-9238
Current Publisher: Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (10.18196)
Total articles ≅ 111
Current Coverage
DOAJ
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Ray March Syahadat, Priambudi Trie Putra, Ismail Saleh, Tandri Patih, Anendawaty Roito Sagala, Dimas Muhammad Thoifur
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 1-13; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.6960

Abstract:
Bantar Agung Village in Majalengka Regency, West Java Province, is developing agriculturally-based tourism. The Ciboer Rice Fields area is one of the attractions in the village of Bantar Agung that presents the visual beauty of the rice field landscape. New agrotourism opportunities will be developed in this area. The study has aimed to evaluate the visual quality of the Ciboer Rice Fields and how it would be affected by agrotourism-related changes. Data were analyzed using Kendall’s W test, scenic beauty estimation (SBE), semantic differential (SD), factor analysis, and multidimensional scaling (MDS). It is found that when more objects are added to the Ciboer Rice Fields landscape, the value of beauty is diminished. Village regulations are needed to protect the visual experience of the Ciboer Rice Fields.
Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela, Masyhuri Masyhuri, Dwidjono Hadi Darwanto
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 36-52; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.9378

Abstract:
This study aims to formulate the development strategy for sago local food agroindustry in Maluku Province. The sample was taken deliberately (purposive sampling) because respondents realize the sago development in the province. The respondents, totaling 15 people, consisted of farmers, traders, and experts from several agencies, namely the Food Security Agency, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Industry and Commerce, the Department of Cooperatives and Small and Medium Micro Enterprises, Universities, and Non-Governmental Organizations. Data analysis utilized the Analytic Hierarchy Process method. The priority analysis results of sago agroindustry development strategy revealed technology as a top priority in the agroindustry development for being associated with very low and limited assistance and access to processing technology. The sago local food agroindustry development focuses on linkages between factors, sub-factors, actors, objectives, and policy scenarios. The recommended policy scenarios are preserving local food, improving technology, arranging marketing strategies, improving production facilities and infrastructure, and improving institutional systems.
Mark Buda, Zainalabidin Mohamed
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 24-35; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.10540

Abstract:
The supply side of beef industry has not responded well to the rising demand for beef. This industry is still highly dependent on imported beef and feeder cattle for beef production to meet the local demand. The objective of this study is to analyse the impacts of different importation policy scenarios on beef industry in Peninsular Malaysia. A simulation model that based on estimated market model is used to analyse the policy. The findings imply that the number of import cattle for breeding (ICTB) should be maintained, while import of cattle for slaughter or feeder cattle should be increased by 20%. This will improve beef self-sufficiency level while stabilizing beef retail price.
Dwi Apriyani, Rita Nurmalina, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 1-10; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.9842

Abstract:
The mismatch between the availability of vegetables and consumer demand is one of the causes of inefficient supply chains. This study aims to analyze the bullwhip effect on the organic leaf vegetable supply chain at PT Simply Fresh Organic (SFO). The analysis method used is a comparison between the coefficient of variation of orders created with the coefficient of variation in requests received by each supply chain institution. The data used are secondary data obtained from PT SFO. The measurement results show that the supply chain flow of organic leaf vegetables had a bullwhip effect at the PT SFO level and no bullwhip effect occurs at the retail level. The value of the BE supply chain value calculation at PT SFO shows a higher figure than at the retail level. The bullwhip effect at PT SFO occurred because of a rationing and shortage gaming policy. Therefore, each member of the supply chain must maintain transparency of data information and utilize digital technology to improve the accuracy of data forecasting requests and reservations quickly.
Ndivhoniswani Nephawe, , Jethro Zuwarimwe, Malose Moses Tjale
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 11-23; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.9935

Abstract:
Water scarcity has been a critical concern in many countries of the world. The same concern has been discussed, analyzed and researched at different platforms to find better solutions to the challenges of water scarcity, and in most cases water scarcity directly influence food security in terms of food production. South Africa, being one of the water scarce countries that derives its food from the agricultural sector; water scarcity remains at the centre stage of the national socioeconomic debate. Water scarcity is one of the major challenges in many countries such as Zimbabwe and Ethiopia particularly for the farmers. However, there is insufficient information on the impact of water scarcity challenges on rural communities’ food security initiatives. This review is focused on unearthing water scarcity challenges in rural communities, their impact on agriculture and ultimately food security initiatives. This paves way for possible research areas, practical implications and strategies to mitigate water security effects on food security.
Abduselam Faris Abadega
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 7, pp 53-63; doi:10.18196/agraris.v7i1.9912

Abstract:
Potato is an important commodity for livelihood in many parts of Ethiopia. Potato producers in Ethiopia face sophisticated marketing challenges, including inadequate access to market and low amount of marketed surpluses due to subsistence-oriented production of potato. The study aimed to identify factors that determine the market participation and its extents. About 136 potato producers were selected randomly from peasant association found in Dedo Districts of Ethiopia. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from primary sources. Descriptive and econometric methods of data analysis were used to analyze data from the survey. A double hurdle model was applied to investigate factors affecting market participation and its extents. Results of descriptive statistics revealed that out of the total sample producer, 87.5 % of sample household has participated in the potato market. Age, sex, education, land size allocated for potato, and non-farm income were significantly influencing potato market participation. Age, sex, education (years of schooling), non-farm income, active labor and land allocated for potato influenced smallholder farmers level of market participation.
Nurliza Nurliza, Agus Ruliyansyah, Rini Hazriani
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 1-11; doi:10.18196/agr.6186

Abstract:
The production of corn as the second most important cereal crops after rice is dominated by smallholders, particularly in West Kalimantan. However, smallholders in farmer cooperatives are unsustainable because of the lack of decision-making power at the grassroots level; limited access to land, capital, technologies, information and financial services; low market competitiveness; weak management; and limited policy and socio-cultural norms. This research aims to construct the behavior model for performance change of cooperative farmers in Rasau Jaya, Kubu Raya district, West Kalimantan. It involved 75 smallholders recruited using purposive sampling technique. In-depth interviews using the structural equation modeling/SEM based on the new institutional approach and the theory of planned behavior were used in the study. The findings proved that intentions and past behaviors have positive and negative influence on farmers' cooperative behavior, but contradicted with control. Therefore, there are several efforts for changing the behavior in corn farmers’cooperatives, i.e. the perceived behavioral control can stimulate the motivation to be long-lived performing based on the resources and opportunities; pro-environmental behavior needs to engage a supportive injunctive norm and a supportive descriptive norm; a subjective norm for motivation to exhibitthe positive experiential attitude; and the confidence to perform and control their performance.
Dina Nurul Fitria, Harianto Harianto, Dominicus Savio Priyarsono, Noer Azam Achsani
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 93-106; doi:10.18196/agr.6193

Abstract:
Horticulture products price in Indonesia (for certain commodities) has experienced the issue of volatility, price decline at farm gate stage, due to an increase in supply is not equal to or comparable with price increase at the other stage. This paper endeavors to investigate threshold behavior in asymmetry test by taking the case of potatoes prices in two important state levels of price, i.e. farm gate prices, and retail prices. The observation used monthly price data from January 2009-December 2013. Threshold behavior detected by TAR model that fits in asymmetry testing with two regime. Threshold value is interpreted as a measure of transaction cost between retail to farm gate and increase the quantity supplied, that would create incentive for trade. Research results reveals as per monthly data price adjustment between farm gate to retail not presence of asymmetry price transmission. Asymmetry only reveals within seasonal data, threshold behavior forms margins overshoot of potatoes equilibrium trader’s levels, thus leading to farmer’s decision in profit maximization. Keywords: threshold behavior, asymmetry testing, potatoes, TAR Model, seasonal
Puteri Fadjria Insan Sa'diyah, Dwidjono Hadi Darwanto
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 123-135; doi:10.18196/agr.6295

Abstract:
Indonesia is the largest cinnamon producing country in the international market. The presence of competing countries causes competition for completed cinnamon demand in the international market. International trade requires that each country has specialization and the ability to be able to compete for existing markets. This study analyzes the competitiveness of Indonesia's cinnamon exports and the competitors (China, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Madagascar) by looking at comparative and competitive advantages along with factors that can influence them. The analysis period used in this study is from 2000 to 2017. Competitiveness analysis is measured by using the Trade Specialization Index (TSI) and Export Competitive Index (XCI) analysis methods, while the analysis of factors that can affect competitiveness performance is analyzed using the panel data regression method. The results of this study indicated that Indonesia and the competitors have comparative advantages and tend to be cinnamon exporting countries in the International Market, besides that Indonesia and competitors (China, Vietnam, and Madagascar) have competitive advantages and cinnamon exports of these countries increase from the previous year, so that the country was able to compete for cinnamon exports on the International Market. Factors that can affect the performance of the export competitiveness of cinnamon in Indonesia and competitors are productivity, market share, export prices, and domestic consumption.
Muhammad Joni Iskandar, Jamhari Jamhari
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, Volume 6, pp 154-167; doi:10.18196/agr.6297

Abstract:
The corporate farming approach on rice is aimed to increase the production on fields with the constraints of limited land area. The present research was aimed to analyze the impact of the implementation of corporate farming on the production, efficiency and inefficiency of the law land farming. The study was determined purposively in farmers’ group union “Tani Mandiri Dalangan” in Sukoharjo Regency, Central Java. Sampling of the respondents used a census method involving all members totaling 51 farmers over two growing seasons. Data were analyzed using the frontier stochastic production function Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) method frontier computing program 4.1c. The results showed that the corporate farming of rice production was affected by land area, Urea fertilizer and NPK fertilizer. Technical, economical and allocative efficiency corporate farming of rice farming has not been efficient. Technical efficiency shows the lowest efficiency value due to the use of factors of production exceeding the recommended regional dosage. Socio-economic factors that significantly affected the technical inefficiency of the low land rice farming are education, family size and extension.
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