The Catholic Historical Review
ISSN / EISSN : 0008-8080 / 1534-0708
Published by: Johns Hopkins University Press (10.1353)
Total articles ≅ 5,872
Latest articles in this journal
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 119-147; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0004
The introduction of the Christian calendar into Spanish American missionary zones often led to novel forms of calendrical record-keeping as pre-Christian methods of time-keeping were adapted to the Christian festival cycle. Yet while indigenous Christian calendars for Mesoamerica have been well studied, their Andean counterparts remain virtually unknown. This article examines a set of khipus (Andean cord texts) from highland Peru that, according to local ritual specialists, served as annual festival calendars. Research in diocesan archives and the Sixth Lima Provinial Council’s unpublished reports (1772) reveals the episodic and intermittent nature of the liturgical worship in colonial Rapaz recorded on these khipu calendars.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 1-27; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0000
In this essay I reflect on my development as a scholar of late antiquity and Byzantium over many decades. I was a Classics undergraduate at Oxford in the late 1950s, and my subsequent history took me first to Glasgow, then to London as a professor and back to Oxford as the head of a college and a pro-vice-chancellor, with several stays in the United States along the way. I have been lucky enough to be able to follow my intellectual curiosity in numerous directions, but always as a historian, and especially as a historian curious about the history of religion.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 163-164; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0009
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 149-152; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0006
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 305-318; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0018
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 191-225; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0011
In the middle of the seventeenth century, André Tacquet, S.J. briefly discussed a scientific argument regarding the structure of a Copernican universe, and commented on Galileo Galilei’s discussion of that same argument—Galileo’s discussion in turn being a commentary on a version of the argument by Christoph Scheiner, S.J. The argument was based on observations of the sizes of stars. This exchange involving Galileo and two Jesuits illustrates how through much of the seventeenth century, science—meaning observations, measurements, and calculations—supported a view of the Copernican universe in which stars were not other suns, but were dim bodies, far larger than the sun. Johannes Kepler emphasized this, especially in arguing against Giordano Bruno. Jesuit astronomers like Tacquet and Scheiner understood this. Those who might have listened to Jesuit astronomers would likewise have understood this—Robert Bellarmine, for example, whose role in the debate over Copernicanism is well known. To many, such a universe was, in the words of Galileo’s Dialogue character Sagredo, “beyond belief,” and no modern view of a universe of many distant suns would be scientifically supportable until after Tacquet’s death in 1660. The Copernican universe of the seventeenth century looked radically different from the universe as modern astronomers understand it, and recognizing this fact allows for interesting questions to be asked regarding the actions of those, such as Bellarmine, who were responding to the work of Copernicus.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 165-190; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0010
This paper deals with the views of the Franciscan preacher Saint Bernardino of Siena (1380–1444) on baptism and civic peace and the associations he created between art and baptism and preaching. The widespread building and decoration of baptisteries in Italy points to the civic importance of that ritual in Italian cities. There was a close connection between baptism and the sense of civitas: the sacrament of Christian initiation also served to introduce an individual into the Christian society of the city. Bernardino’s emphasis on the relationship between baptism and civic peace followed a long-standing tradition in mendicant preaching. The present study has two major sections: it introduces Bernardino’s views on the arts and then suggests correlations between his ideas on baptism and the artistic program of the fifteenth-century baptismal font in the Siena baptistery created by Lorenzo Ghiberti, Jacopo della Quercia, Donatello, and others. The central issues concern the way Bernardino referred to works of art as a way of making his sermons more approachable and graphic for his illiterate listeners and how his sermons may have influenced the decorative program for the baptismal font in the Sienese baptistery.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 253-276; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0013
Unlike other parts of China, most Catholic villages in Manchuria or northeast China developed out of domestic immigrant settlements from Shandong and Hebei provinces. This article studies identity formation of these communities during the century between the establishment of the Catholic Manchuria Mission in 1840 and the extension of the state into rural society until the end of the Japanese rule in 1945. In examining the dual processes of integrating Catholic immigrants into a global Catholic Church and state structure in modern times, it argues that these communities established a strong Catholic identity within a short period because they were homogeneous and developed strong group cohesion during the transformation of Manchurian local society. Thus, they survived many political storms even to the present day.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 296-304; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0017
Davis Prize: In September 2020, the Cushwa Center in partnership with the American Catholic Historical Association (ACHA) launched the Davis Prize to recognize outstanding works in progress on the Black Catholic experience. The prize honors Father Cyprian Davis, O.S.B. (1930–2015), a Benedictine monk and beloved scholar whose ground-breaking book The History of Black Catholics in the United States (1990) won the ACHA’s John Gilmary Shea Prize. The Davis Prize is awarded annually and includes a cash award of $1,000. Recipients will be honored each January at the ACHA’s annual meeting. The next application deadline is December 31, 2021.
The Catholic Historical Review, Volume 107, pp 432-433; https://doi.org/10.1353/cat.2021.0026