Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2164-6791 / 2164-6805
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 46
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Mamdouh S. Masoud, Alaa E. Ali, Ashimaa S. Abd Elfatah, Gomaa E. Amer
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 11, pp 1-22; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2021.111001

Abstract:
Binary orotic acid metal complexes of Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), and two mixed metals complexes of (Co(II), Ni(II)) and (Ni(II), Cu(II)) were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, electronic spectra, magnetic susceptibility, and ESR spectra. The Analysis proved that the ligand has different coordination modes and the complexes were of octahedral, tetrahedral, and trigonal bipyramidal geometries. Molecular modeling techniques and quantum chemical methods have been performed for orotic acid to calculate charges, bond lengths, bond angles, dihedral angles, electronegativity (χ), chemical potential (μ), global hardness (η), softness (σ) and the electrophilicity index (ω). The thermal decomposition of the complexes was monitored by TGA, DTA, and DSC techniques under the N2 atmosphere. The thermal decomposition mechanisms of the complexes were suggested. The biological activity of orotic acid and some of the complexes are tested against antibacterial and antifungal organisms.
Fatma S. M. Hassan, Mahmoud Fayez, Nadia Abdalla
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 10, pp 45-61; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2020.104004

Abstract:
The aim of this work is to synthesize, characterize and evaluate the biological activity of 1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives ligands and their metal—Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) chelates. Continuing our work with another derivatives of 1,4-naphthoquinone ligands, this work had been constructed for synthesis of new ligands derived from 1,4-naphthoquinone such as 3-thioacetyl-2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone and 2-benzoyl-3-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone (L1-L2) which characterized on the basis of elemental analysis, electronic, IR, mass, 1H-NMR spectral data. The synthesized ligands have been carried out to achieve the coordination behavior towards bi-valent metal ions like cobalt, nickel and copper. The solid chelates of the different ligands were prepared and subjected to analytical techniques such as elemental analyses, spectroscopic techniques including mass, 1H-NMR, and IR spectroscopy, and thermal analyses techniques. The chelates were found to have octahedral geometry. The biological activity of the prepared ligands and their binary metals complexes were also screened against different antifungal and antibacterial organisms.
Fatma S. M. Hassan, Mahmoud Fayez, Nadia Abdalla
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 10, pp 15-29; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2020.102002

Abstract:
The aim of this work is to synthesize, characterize and evaluate the biological activity of 2-acetyl and 2-formyl-3-amino-1,4-naphthoquinone (L1 - L2) and their metal-Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) chelates. The newly chelates were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, mass and 1HNMR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and biological activity. The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the ligands and its metal complexes were screened against bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli) and fungi (Candida albicans). Ampicillin and amphotericin were used as references for antibacterial and antifungal studies. The activity data show that the metal complexes have a promising biological activity comparable with parent free ligand against bacterial and fungal species.
Fatma S. M. Hassan, Wafaa S. Kuran, Asmaa A. Ibrahim, Farouk A. Adam
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 10, pp 1-14; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2020.101001

Abstract:
This work aims to characterize, synthesize and evaluate the biological activity of sodium barbitone and their metal chelates Ni(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II). The new synthesized metal chelates are investigated by elemental analysis, IR, mass spectra, thermal analysis and biological activity. Square planer structure of the prepared complexes obtained from the result of analysis. The antibacterial and antifungal of sodium barbitone ligand and its conforming metal chelates were screened against bacterial species Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus), Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) and fungi Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans fungi. Ampicillin and amphotericin were used as references for antibacterial and antifungal studies. The activity data show that the platinum group metals chelates have activity data show that some of the platinum group metals (viz. Pt(II) and Pd(II)) chelates have a promising biological activity comparing to sodium barbitone parent free ligand against bacterial and fungal species.
Juan Adrian Zepeda-Galvez, Daniel Shreiber, Arturo Ayon
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 10, pp 31-43; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2020.103003

Abstract:
Positively and negatively charged polyelectrolytes, namely, Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) and Poly(styrene sulfonate), respectively, were employed to disperse and deploy negatively charged quantum dots on an otherwise passive metamaterial structure with a resonant frequency of 0.62 THz, by employing a layer-by-layer, self-assembly scheme. Upon exposure to a UV source with a wavelength of 365 nm the amplitude modulation was observed to increase with increases in the number of deposited bi-layers, until a modulation maximum of 2.68% was recorded enabling an all-optical, dynamically reconfigurable metamaterial geometry. Furthermore, amplitude modulation was subsequently observed to decrease with further increases in the number of layers employed due to quenching and shadowing effects. The experimental observations reported herein will enable the utilization of all-optical reconfigurable THz devices for communication and data transmission applications.
Clarissa D. Vázquez-Colón, , Janeth Alexandra García-Monge, Juan Adrián Zepeda-Galvéz, Daniel Shreiber, Arturo Ayón
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 09, pp 1-13; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2019.91001

Abstract:
The utilization of UV excitation to verify the terahertz (THz) wave modulation of hexagonal-shaped metamaterial (MM) arrays coated with synthesized photoluminescent, down-shifting ZnO quantum dots (QDs) of two different radius sizes, namely, 3.00 nm (pH 10) and 2.12 nm (pH 12), respectively is reported. In order to characterize the behavior of the MM before and after deployment of the ZnO QDs, THz time domain spectroscopy in transmission mode was employed. Upon exposure to UV excitation, the collected amplitude modulation values were 9.21% for the pH 12 and 4.55% for the pH 10 ZnO QDs, respectively. It is anticipated that the ability to actively tune the performance of otherwise passive structures will promote the proliferation of THz signal modulation devices in the near future.
Hamidreza Kamrani
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 08, pp 11-21; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2018.82002

Abstract:
Between all precursors of copper complex, bis-(acetylacetonato)-copper (II) and bis-oxalate copper (II) with very close structures are two of the best representatives for copper nanoparticles synthesis. In this research, only bis-(acetylacetonato)-copper (II) in presence of some effective non-ionic surfactants such as Triton X-100, Dodecylamine, Tween 80 and also triphenylphosphine as a reducing agent via thermal decomposition process was used for copper nanopaticles synthesis. Two shif-base E19 and E22 complexes were also used for the investigation of these kinds of shif-base complexes capabilities by this method as precursors and all results were compared with each other. Between all surfactants, Triton X-100 gave the best yield with the largest grains. The techniques used for characterization of copper nanoparticles were TEM, EDX, FT-IR and XRD. TG-DTA and CV were used for characterization of bis-(acetylacetonato)-copper (II) complex.
Labib A. Awin, Mahmoud A. El-Rais, , Najat A. Mohamed, Wesal A. Makhlof
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 08, pp 1-10; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2018.81001

Abstract:
The removal of aniline blue dye from aqueous solutions using the A-site doped perovskite Ce1-xBixCrO3 (x = 0, 0.5, 1) was investigated. The perovskite oxides were synthesised using Sol-Gel method and characterised by conventional powder X-ray diffraction technique. The X-ray diffraction measurements suggested that doping with Bismuth Ion influences both the crystal structure and the particle size of the oxides, and consequently affects the adsorption properties. It was found that both CeCrO3 and Ce0.5Bi0.5CrO3 compounds are orthorhombic and have approximate particle size of 87 and 36 nm respectively, whereas BiCrO3 oxide has rhombohedral space group symmetry and the particle sizes are less than 49 nm. The batch mode study demonstrated that the removal capacities of Aniline Blue at 150 min and pH = 4.3 for Ce0.5Bi0.5CrO3, CeCrO3 and BiCrO3 are 779.67, 705.45 and 440.18 mg/g respectively. The results reflect the influence of the A site doping on the adsorption properties of the oxides. The removal of Aniline Blue was found to be negatively correlated with temperature and pH.
Ashraful Islam Molla, Ikki Tateishi, Mai Furukawa, Hideyuki Katsumata, Tohru Suzuki, Satoshi Kaneco
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 07, pp 1-7; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2017.71001

Abstract:
The dye-sensitized TiO2 method is one of the most promising methods for the visible-light-induced detoxification of pollutants. The reaction mechanism for photocatalytic degradation of orange II (OII) and rhodamine B (RhB) with self-sensitized TiO2 under visible light irradiation (λ > 400 nm) has been evaluated. Radical scavenger studies were carried out to investigate the active species involved in the photodegradation of 5 mg/L of initial concentration of OII and RhB at room temperature. The trapping effects of different scavengers results proved that the oxidation of OII and RhB mainly occurred by the direct oxidization of h+ and ·O2- radicals, while the ·OH radicals played only a relatively minor role in the direct oxidization process.
E. M. Gojaev, Sh. V. Alieva, K. C. Gulmammadov, S. S. Osmanova
Open Journal of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials, Volume 06, pp 1-5; doi:10.4236/ojinm.2016.61001

Abstract:
This paper presents the results of studying the frequency dependence of permittivity and dielectric loss of fishbone (Fb) Kutum and polyethylene composites filled with nanoparticles fishbone Kutum and the influence of aluminum(Al) nanoparticles with dimensions 80-nm on the dielectric properties of polymer composites. Studies were carried out at the frequency range of 0 - 1 MHz. It was found that the variation of the volume of filler content of fishbone and aluminum nanoparticles might be prepared composite materials with the required dielectric parameters.
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