Austrian History Yearbook
ISSN / EISSN : 0067-2378 / 1558-5255
Published by: Cambridge University Press (CUP) (10.1017)
Total articles ≅ 2,895
Latest articles in this journal
Austrian History Yearbook pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000485
This article shows empirical and conceptual possibilities of exploring the transcultural roles and economic situations of French migrant women who served as governesses in the noble circles of the Habsburg monarchy. It combines various research methods, employing narrative textual analysis, socioeconomic and material culture approaches, and cultural exchange perspectives. The author uses printed librettos and comparative insights to reveal broader social anxieties connected with governesses who crossed multiple borders in terms of geography, culture, language, class, and the gender order. She also draws attention to inheritance tax–related sources as evidence of these women's economic conditions. Finally, the author outlines the major shifts in attitudes toward the French language and French immigrants and shows how these affected the governesses’ labor market.
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 147-165; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000023
The article analyzes reactions to the outbreak of World War I in the Habsburg Crownland of Salzburg. Based on a detailed examination of local sources, such as diaries, memoirs, church and gendarmerie chronicles, regional newspapers, and administrative records, the study sheds light on the complexity of responses and emotions elicited during the summer of 1914. Engaging with recent historiography on the question of “war enthusiasm” and the “August experience,” the ensuing analysis allows for profound insights into how the local population reacted to the news of the Sarajevo assassinations, Austria-Hungary's ultimatum to Serbia, and the subsequent declaration of war, mobilization, and the first weeks of the conflict. The article highlights the role of the press, governmental policies, and repression as key factors in creating an agitated atmosphere to which people responded in different ways, depending on age, class, gender, and the urban–rural divide. At times, frenzied patriotic mobilization occurred alongside not only a widespread acceptance of the obligation to do one's duty, but also—and equally—great uncertainty and anxiety. This highlights the complexities of public reactions in the summer of 1914, thereby challenging from a regional historical perspective the notion of an “enthusiastic” welcoming of the war.
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000163
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237820000533
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237820000521
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 30-53; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000151
This article considers the function of twenty-two hand-colored prints of mathematical instruments in Tycho Brahe's Astronomiae instauratae mechanica (Instruments of the renewed astronomy; 1598), a hand-painted presentation treatise dedicated to Emperor Rudolf II and conferred on a network of individuals connected to the imperial court in Prague. Although the accompanying text communicates the instruments’ use and composition, the images demand close inspection because they articulate Brahe's observationally driven astronomy. They do so through structured, repeated, and consecutive representations; through expanded viewer access, achieved by adhering to multiple perspectives; through the juxtaposition of colors, which focuses attention on the heads of the instruments (the part that does the measuring); and through the use of gold paint, which emphasizes the head and brings to mind the very metallic nature of the instruments. Much like an astronomer taking multiple measurements of cosmological phenomena, these images allow viewers and readers, as they leaf through the pages of the treatise, to become virtual participants in Brahe's instauration of astronomy.
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 318-318; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000436
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 304-305; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000333
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 291-292; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000254
Austrian History Yearbook, Volume 52, pp 315-316; https://doi.org/10.1017/s0067237821000412