EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2460-7878 / 2477-5975
Published by: Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi UINSA (10.29080)
Total articles ≅ 95
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
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Latest articles in this journal

Zairin Zain, Najwa Amalia Uray, Silvia Christabella
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 42-59; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.1072

Abstract:
Kajian ini menggambarkan pengaruh budaya dan adat istiadat suku bangsa Melayu di semenanjung Malaysia terhadap wujud arsitektur rumah tinggal dan masjid. Pembahasan beberapa elemen rumah tradisional Melayu dan masjid dalam memahami pengaruh budaya dan adat istiadat suku bangsa Melayu di arsitektur bangunan. Artikel ini disusun dengan melakukan komparasi substansi dari temuan yang telah dipublikasikan dalam literatur-literatur terkait dengan arsitektur bangunan dan bangsa Melayu di Malaysia. Pembahasan dilakukan terhadap elemen arsitektur dengan objek pembahasan rumah tinggal dan Masjid. Rumah Tradisional Melayu memiliki tipologi rumah panggung dengan tiang-tiang tinggi, karakteristik atap berlapis, material utama kayu, dan banyak bukaan (ventilasi) yang menggambarkan adaptasi terhadap iklim tropis. Rumah Tradisional Melayu di Malaysia dapat dibedakan dari bentuk atap (jenis bubungan) yakni Bumbung Panjang, Bumbung Limas, Bumbung Perak, dan Bumbung Perak Bumbung Limas. Di sisi lain, masjid merupakan bangunan yang sangat penting bagi masyarakat Melayu karena aktivitas tidak hanya sebagai ruang untuk solat berjamaah namun juga sebagai pusat pendidikan/pengajaran formal pendidikan agama dan pusat administrasi. Kesan keseluruhan masjid digambarkan sebagai bangunan dengan atap hypostyle yang datar. Tipologi ini dianut secara religius oleh banyak orang di Malaysia untuk kesucian bentuk pada masjid yang diklasifikasikan dalam tujuh elemen arsitektur.
Setiamurti Rahardjo, Dimas Agung Sugiarto
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 60-67; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.909

Abstract:
Buildings which put forward the physical exploration of the exterior architectural forms tend to give such a challenge to the interior treatments, such as U Janevalla hotel in Bandung. Designed by Budi Pradono Architects, the architecture of the hotel is inspired by the analogy of Jaipong Dance and is translated into tilted facades and forms that create an expression of movement of each story of the building. However, the building is lacking in detailed execution in the interior space where the dancing effect is hardly perceived from the inner space. Therefore, this paper proposes interior design alternatives which focus on the bedrooms as the main facility offered to the guests, mainly in the furniture design and interior details. Through examining the analogy of Jaipong Dance, it is found that the tilted shapes and forms of the architecture can be brought into the interior through modification of the forms, additional interior details, and filling the spatial leftovers.
Intan Reyndan Fananti, Annisa Safira Riska, Hanson Endra Kusuma
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 26-41; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.1195

Abstract:
Bangunan rumah sakit dirancang untuk memenuhi dan mengakomodasi seluruh kebutuhan penggunanya. Pengguna yang dibahas dalam penelitian ini adalah pasien dan pengunjung umum. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengetahui preferensi (alasan memilih), persepsi (kelebihan dan kekurangan), dan harapan pengguna (pasien dan pengunjung) terhadap Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak (RSIA). Penelitian dilakukan secara kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan grounded theory. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner daring yang berisi pertanyaan utama yang bersifat terbuka (open-ended) dan dibagikan secara bebas (non-random sampling). Kemudian data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara kualitatif menggunakan metode analisis isi. Hasil menunjukkan perbedaan preferensi, persepsi, dan harapan pasien dan pengunjung RSIA terhadap aspek visual arsitektural, aspek non-visual arsitektural, dan aspek non-arsitektural. Kecenderungan preferensi, persepsi, dan harapan pasien maupun pengunjung umum adalah pada aspek non arsitekturalnya. Hanya terdapat satu perbedaan, yaitu pada persepsi pengunjung umum terhadap kekurangan RSIA, di mana persepsi terletak pada aspek visual arsitekturalnya. Kecenderungan pasien maupun pengunjung terdapat pada kategori pelayanan, fasilitas, kualitas tenaga medis, lokasi, dan parkir.
Joshua Gama Wastara,
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 12-25; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.1187

Abstract:
Invasi spasial merupakan ekspresi subyektif dari masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah di daerah bantaran sungai. Kebiasaan atau gaya hidup ini merupakan salah satu ekspresi masyarakat untuk memenuhi kurangnya ruang spasial di lingkungan permukiman terutama di daerah bantaran sungai. Studi sebelumnya menyatakan beberapa hal, invasi gaya hidup masyarakat tepi sungai terjadi terutama ketika ruang permukiman digunakan berbagi. Selain itu, studi preseden rusunawa di Surabaya menunjukkan keberadaan ruang-ruang sebagai penghubung antar ruang, antar unit, dan antar bangunan, dimana ruang – ruang tersebut biasanya diinvasi oleh penguni untuk aktivitas domestik maupun sosial. Studi kualitatif dilakukan untuk menemukan konfigurasi invasi spasial melalui kegiatan observasi dan wawancara mendalam dengan beberapa partisipan yang tinggal di pemukiman tepi sungai. Penelitian ini menganalisa apakah penggunaan ruang di rusunawa dapat didesain dan diperlakukan seperti aktivitas dan intervensi penggunaan ruang di kampung, dalam konteks di sempadan sungai. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat kesamaan penggunaan ruang publik di pemukiman warga dan rusunawa. Ruang tersebut menjadi konsep dalam penelitian ini, yaitu eventual space invasion. Ruang bersama untuk aktivitas masyarakat di permukiman dapat disediakan di bangunan rusunawa dengan dukungan beberapa elemen arsitektur. Ekspresi ini kemudian disimulasikan ke dalam beberapa ilustrasi konsep rancangan bangunan rusunawa dengan menerapkan beberapa kriteria. Hasil akhir mengusulkan beberapa potensi ruang di rusunawa yang bisa digunakan untuk kepentingan domestik maupun sosial.
Baris Ergen
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.1212

Abstract:
Competitions are a significant means of focusing on specific spaces in cities and forming public opinion. Competitions result in many professionals such as architectures, urban planners, urban designers, landscape architects, civil engineers, etc. proposing lots of designs for the same space, and thereby submitting various solution offers for it. Therefore, competitions are important not only for their results, but also for increasing knowledge about the occupational groups of design and the shaping of urban open spaces and built environments, in other words, cities. This study analyzes competitions’ contributions to urban design based on the experience of Merzifon Municipality’s Business and Life Center Architectural Project Competition. The discipline of urban design, which plays an important role in forming the urban open spaces and built environments, is enriched by competitions. The approaches developed in the projects that compete for the urban spaces focused on the competitions play an important role in shaping cities.
Retraction
Editorial Editorial
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i1.1339

Abstract:
We hereby announce that the article entitled "Ruang Budaya Pada Proses Daur Hidup (Pernikahan) dan Tradisi Wiwit di Desa Sumber Polaman, Lawang Jawa Timur" published in Vol 3 No in 2017 has been withdrawn / retracted at the request of the author on October 13, 2021. The reason for the withdrawal is because it is indicated that the paper quoted without mentioning the source (misconduct) on the article "Nilai Kosmologi Pada Tata Spasial Pada Permukiman Desa Kapencar Lereng Gunung Sindoro Wonowsobo (https://journal.ugm.ac.id/mft/article/view/654) Thus, we convey this notice so that it can be used properlyThis withdrawal was made at the request of the author
Zulkarnain As, Ibrahim Rahmani Ahmad
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 75-84; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i2.1197

Abstract:
Landa 'is the name for the granary of the Duri Tribe, which is different from the barns in the archipelago and is full of architectural metaphysical values. Landa's existence in Enrekang District was founded in three villages, one of which is Kendenan Village, which is the location of the study because the most significant number of Landa is in this village. The community still holds the traditions inherited from their ancestors. This research aims to uncover and discover the characteristics of the structure and construction of the terrace'. The research method used a qualitative approach with descriptive analysis techniques. The research results reveal that vertically the Landa 'is divided into three main parts. the first leg/bottom (Bala Landa') uses the column frame structure system, and the construction uses the fulcrum and perforation system; the second part is the body/middle (Kale Landa). ) which uses a siamma structure and construction system, and the third part of the head/top (Dea Landa ') uses a beam frame and a construction system using a stack, notch, and perforation system. Knowledge and the design process of Landa 'are full of local wisdom values responsive to disasters.
Muhammad Zakaria Umar
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 85-99; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i2.1192

Abstract:
In Kendari City, growing and developing public housing funded by the Bank. However, housing tends to be still difficult to reach by the lower classes of society. The lower classes of society such as herbalists, motorcycle taxi drivers, construction workers, scavengers, street vendors, and so on. In general, the lower class of society resides in rented houses. This research is important as follows: (a) to provide alternative prototypes of simple houses for the lower classes of society; (b) to make prototypes of low-cost homes; (c) to assist the government and private developers in providing alternative solutions to housing for the lower classes of society; (d) to grow and develop the principles of populist architecture in Kendari City. This research is intended to make a simple home prototype for the lower class society with the principles of populist architecture. This research uses research and development methods. Sources of data in this study consisted of primary data sources and secondary data. Data collection techniques are carried out by observation, interviews, and documentation. The data were analyzed by means of the data being reduced, the data presented, and the data being concluded. This research concludes that marginal houses are made with the principles of form follows economics. Economic principles are applied to building materials and building sizes.
Fairuz Mutia, Azkia Avenzoar, Fatimatuz Zahroh
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 58-74; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i2.1298

Abstract:
Jika hanya merujuk pada data RTRW Sidoarjo maka kawasan Jabon Sebagian terencana menjadi area wisata DEM dan mix-used sekunder. Beberapa kegiatan wisata sudah mulai ada, namun hanya terpusat pada daerah Tlocor saja, sedangkan daerah kawasan lain di area tersebut masih sangat minim fasilitas. Benarkah kemudian konfigurasi ruang kota yang ada di Kecamatan Jabon mampu mengakomodasi perkembangan kotanya – yang kini mengarah pada pariwisata. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Teknik analisis space syntax yang dipilih digunakan sebagai alat heuristik untuk membahas konsep fundamental. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya keterkaitan antara konfigurasi ruang kota dengan konsep pengembangan sustainable tourism. Hal ini terlihat dari sisi aksesibilitas dan peningkatan ekonomi yang dapat dilakukan dengan cara mengetahui bagian yang berpotensi menjadi pilihan mobilitas dan terkoneksi dengan ruang kota lainnya. Aksesibilitas pada area dapat dikembangkan dengan mengevaluasi jaringan jalan yang sudah ada sehingga konektivitas pada kawasan dapat lebih baik dan mobilitas manusia dari dan menuju kawasan wisata semakin tinggi.
Widriyakara Setiadi, Lmf Purwanto, Antonius Ardiyanto, Rudiyanto Soesilo, B.Tyas Susanti
EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, Volume 7, pp 100-107; https://doi.org/10.29080/eija.v7i2.1130

Abstract:
Indonesia is a super cultural power country, rich in customs and culture line from Sabang to Merauke, from Nias to Rote Island. Cultural wealth breeds architectural diversity. The potential of original Indonesian architecture has begun to be left behind and eroded by foreign cultures. The postmodern era has raised Nusantara Architecture to the world stage. Researches on the wealth of Nusantara architecture begin to bloom like mushrooms in the rainy season. The phenomenon of the skills or expertise of the masters has made traditional houses an endless research material. The purpose of this research is to explore the treasures of the Indonesian nation's wealth, especially the craftsmanship skills of Indonesian ancestors. The phenomenon of tying, knitting, and stringing materials into architectural masterpieces is a uniqueness and uniqueness that other nations do not have. The method used in this study uses the phenomenological method. Where in the vernacular architectural phenomenology is divided into two branches; first: related to space, place, and atmosphere, second: related to tectonic or the art of construction more on the elements of craftsmanship. The results of this study reveal that simple and straightforward technology becomes effective when it comes to craftsmen who have special skills. The conclusions of this study indicate that the skill of the masons is more dominant than the tools used, on the other hand, currently tools are more dominant than the skills of the masons.
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