Advances in Nanoparticles

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 21690510 / 21690529
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 148
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Marvit Osman Widdatallah, Alaa Abdulmoneim Mohamed, Ayat Ahmed Alrasheid, Hiba Abbas Widatallah, Layla Fathi Yassin, Sahar Hussein Eltilib, Shimaa Abdel Rahman Ahmed
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 9, pp 41-48; doi:10.4236/anp.2020.92003

Abstract:
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using seeds of Nigella sativa as a capping agent was evaluated in this study. Different concentrations of the aqueous extract of N. sativa with silver nitrate solution were exposed to sunlight; as a force for acceleration of the formulation. Then the silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-Vis, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Antibacterial activity of the nanoparticles was investigated against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by the disc diffusion method. The characterization of nanoparticles was detected by the change in color to yellow-brown which indicated the formulation of silver nanoparticles. Irregular shapes within range of nanoscale were detected using SEM and XRD techniques. The finding suggests that silver nanoparticles may be effectively used as antibacterial agent.
Badawi M. Ali, Yousef A. AlSabah, Mohamed A. Siddig, Abdelrahman A. Elbadawi, Abdalrawf I. Ahmed, Abdulmajid A. Mirghni
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 9, pp 49-58; doi:10.4236/anp.2020.92004

Abstract:
The Zn0.5CuxMg0.5-xFe2O4 (where x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4) was prepared by sol-gel route and characterized in detail in terms of their structural, morphological, elemental and optical properties as a function of Cu concentration. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) results confirmed the formation of cubic spinel-type structure with average crystallized size in the range of 30.56 to 40.58 nm. Lattice parameter was found to decrease with Cu concentration due to the smaller ionic radius of Cu2+ ion. The HR-SEM images show morphology of the samples as prismatic shaped particles in agglomeration. The elemental dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) confirmed the elemental composition of the as-prepared spinel ferrite material with respect to the initial concentration of the synthetic composition used for the material. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the formation of spinel ferrite and showed the characteristics absorption bands around 463, 618, 876, 1116, 1442, 1622 and 2911 cm-1. The energy band gap was calculated for the samples were found to be in the range of 4.87 to 5.30 eV.
Umair Rashid, Adnan Ibrahim
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 9, pp 23-39; doi:10.4236/anp.2020.91002

Abstract:
The results of this article can be useful in science and technology advancement, such as nanofluidics, micro mixing and energy conversion. The purpose of this article is to examine the impacts of nanoparticle shape on Al2O3-water nanofluid and heat transfer over a non-linear radically stretching sheet in the existence of magnetic field and thermal radiation. The different shapes of Al2O3 nanoparticles that have under contemplation are column, sphere, hexahedron, tetrahedron, and lamina. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) of the problem are regenerated into set of non-linear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) by using appropriate similarity transformation. The bvp4c program has used to solve the obtained non-linear ordinary differential equation (ODEs). The Nusselt number for all shapes of Al2O3 nanoparticle shapes in pure water with is presented in graphical form. It has reported that the heat transfer augmentation in lamina shapes nanoparticles is more than other shapes of nanoparticle. The relation of thermal boundary layer with shapes of nanoparticles, solid volume fraction, magnetic field and thermal radiation has also presented with the help of graphical representation. It is also demonstrated that lamina shape nanoparticles have showed large temperature distribution than other shapes of nanoparticles.
Doris O. Okoroh, Jude O. Ozuomba, Samson O. Aisida, Paul U. Asogwa
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 8, pp 36-45; doi:10.4236/anp.2019.82003

Abstract:
In contributing to the improvement of Ferrite Magnetic nanoparticles, the effects of Poly (Vinyl Pyrrolidone) (PVP) and annealing on the structural and magnetic properties of Zinc ferrite nanoparticles (ZFNPs) synthesis were investigated in this work. The effects were evaluated using the X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Vi-brating sample magnetometer (VSM). The XRD analysis confirms a good formation of the inverse spinel crystal structure with an average particle size of 1.3 nm to 15.2 nm and from 1.6 nm to 21.1 nm for the ZFNPs as-prepared and PVP mediated ZFNPs for the un-annealed and annealed samples, respectively. The SEM image reveals an increase in the particle size for both the as-prepared and PVP mediated samples after annealing at 500°C. The FTIR also reveals the inverse spinel structure for the as-prepared and annealed samples, which witnesses a vibrational red shift towards a higher wave number for the annealed samples. The VSM analysis indicates the superparamagnetic behavior of PVP mediated and annealed sample with zero remanence magnetization (Mr) and Coercivity (Hc). The saturation magnetization (Ms) increases from 1.31 emu/g, for the as-prepared samples, to 4.31 emu/g after the annealing and from 1.18 emu/g, for the PVP mediated, to 6.38 emu/g after annealing. These effects have been attributed to the cationic re-arrangement on the lattice site after the annealing. This presents a superior material for various applications in nanotechnology.
Hafiz H. M. Salih, Amro M. El Badawy, Thabet M. Tolaymat, Craig L. Patterson
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 8, pp 21-35; doi:10.4236/anp.2019.82002

Abstract:
Engineered nanomaterials are used in many applications, including pollution sensors, photovoltaics, medical imaging, drug delivery and environmental remediation. Due to their numerous applications, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are receiving a large amount of attention. Ag NPs may occur in drinking water sources either during manufacturing, consumption and/or disposal processes. This potentially leads to the presence of Ag NPs in finished drinking water, which could have public health impacts. The objective of this research was to investigate the removal of several types of stabilized Ag NPs by potable water treatment processes. Specifically, this research achieved these objectives through: 1) Synthesis of Citrate-reduced Ag NPs, Polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilized (PVP) Ag NPs and Branched polyethyleneimine stabilized (BPEI) Ag NPs, 2) Characterization of synthesized Ag NPs to determine their aggregation potential, Zeta potential profiles, (pHpzc) and obtain morphological data from SEM images, and 3) An evaluation of the efficacy of conventional water treatment processes (i.e., coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation and sand filtration) in removing stabilized Ag NPs from natural water. The three NPs were found to be stable at the nano size in natural water. Alum coagulation had no impact on the PVP and BPEI Ag NPs. Flocculation and settling were found to be key steps for removal of these NPs. The three Ag NPs were not permanently removed by means of conventional water treatment processes employed in this study.
Sankaran Murugesan, Oleksandr Kuznetsov, Zhou Zhou, Valery Khabashesku
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 8, pp 1-19; doi:10.4236/anp.2019.81001

Jawharah A. Abdo, Fahd M. Alsharif, Nivin Salah, Om Ali Y. Elkhawaga
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 8, pp 55-70; doi:10.4236/anp.2019.84005

Abstract:
Background and objective Previous studies have demonstrated the anti-cancer effects of propolis. However, its use is limited because of its poor bioavailability. In the present study, the major objective was to improve propolis bioavailability using a nanosuspension formulation. The cytotoxic effect of propolis nanosuspension (PRO-NS) on the Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in female Swiss albino mice was investigated in comparison to the free propolis. Materials and methods A propolis-loaded nanosuspension was formulated by applying solvent-antisolvent nano-precipitation technique. The prepared PRO-NS was characterized for average particle size, polydispersity index (PDI) and zeta potential. Also, the morphology of the nanosuspension particles was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Moreover, PRO-NS cytotoxicity was tested using EAC bearing mice. The anticancer activity of Pro-NS was assessed by studying tumor volume, life span, viable and non-viable cell count, antioxidant, biochemical estimations and proliferation of EAC cells. Results The results revealed that propolis nanoparticles were relatively spherical in shape with rough surface. The tumor bearing mice treated with PRO-NS showed increased life span and inhibited tumor growth and the proliferation of EAC cells in comparison to the free propolis (p < 0.01). Moreover, Pro-NS ameliorated the increase in serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) activities, IgM and the level of creatinine and urea after implantation of EAC cells. In addition, PRO-NS improved the SOD activity and glutathione content of liver and EAC cells. Furthermore, PRO-NS inhibited the formation of lipid peroxidation products (MDA) and total IgG in EAC tumor bearing mice. Conclusions Our results indicate that PRO-NS has a strong inhibitory activity against growth of tumors in comparison to free propolis. The anti-tumor mechanism may be mediated by preventing oxidative damage, immune-stimulation and induction of apoptosis.
Tenderwealth Clement Jackson, Akeem Ayodeji Agboke, Edidiong Jumbo Udofa, Adaeze Salome Ucheokoro, Blessing Edidiong Udo, Nonye Linda Ifekpolugo
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 8, pp 47-54; doi:10.4236/anp.2019.83004

Amanullakhan A. Pathan, Kavita R. Desai, Shailesh Vajapara, C. P. Bhasin
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 7, pp 28-35; doi:10.4236/anp.2018.71003

Abstract:
The Present Research paper discuses the synthesis and characterization of lanthanum oxide (La2O3) nanoparticles by using a very low cost Solution Combustion Method. We are using Acetamide as fuel in present method. In future, most of manufacturer of integrated circuits recently announced and introduced hafnium and lanthanum based high-κ dielectrics materials in their next CMOS generations and also Lanthanum oxides show some important applications such as luminescent devices, sensors, up-conversion materials, and catalytic fields. Now a day’s researches are focuses on “higher-κ” materials with a dielectric constant of above 30 in order to satisfy the demands for future CMOS applications. FTIR spectroscopy was done for observing the presence of La-O bond. The synthesized lanthanum oxide nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with EDAX spectra and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) for morphological, percentage of metal and particle size determination. In XRD analysis, the average particle size was shown near 42 nm. Thermals analysis was done by TGA-DSC analyzer.
P. Dhasarathan, N. Reeshma Devi, P. Sangeetha, Suman Madhu G. Navaraj, A. J. A. Ranjitsingh, C. Padmalatha
Advances in Nanoparticles, Volume 7, pp 77-84; doi:10.4236/anp.2018.74007

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