Chinese Studies

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2168-5428 / 2168-541X
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 195
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Latest articles in this journal

Yu Wan
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 97-118; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112009

Abstract:
The stint of Qian Weiyan as Regent of the Western Capital happened to be the early days of Ouyang Xiu’s political career and the period when Ouyang’s literary ideas took shape. Qian and the Luoyang literary community he led laid a solid foundation for the climax of the Song literature revolution ushered in by Ouyang Xiu. Ouyang Xiu and Qian have a deep connection. Qian had positive influence on Ouyang in three respects, i.e. the formal beauty of literary works, the transmission of good scholarship, and a role model as chief of the literary circle. Qian also helped Ouyang get on the right track of literary creation. Luoyang period was also remembered by Ouyang Xiu all his life.
Jinyu Liu
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 31-42; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112003

Abstract:
The English master copy of On the Exercise of Judgement in Literature, a book by W. Basil Worsfold, a British aesthetician, and its Chinese version translated by Yan Fu, have been revealed. As the only general aesthetic translation in the late Qing Dynasty, the book has not received the attention of academic circles so far, mostly because the translation is incomplete and has not been published. How Worsfold’s ideas were presented to the Chinese audience is an interesting case study in intellectual diffusion. The newly discovered unfinished manual scripts on the margins of the original text by Yan are additions to a text with the intention of providing greater clarity for specific interpretive decisions. The paper reassesses Yan’s agenda and position in translating and constructing literary esthetic modernity by scrutinizing how manual scripts interacted with the source text. It also argues specifically the use of manuscript material to investigate the various stages in the construction of the translation product—translated esthetic thoughts, literary criticism, artistic conception into China. The paper holds the value of this research material which has been drastically under-exploited in translation studies to date in investigating the mind-processing and decision-making of the translator and how it might complement and interact with other sources.
Xiaofang Wang, Can Ren
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 172-184; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.113014

Abstract:
Our rule-of-law improvement needs better democratic involvement, and democratic involvement is necessary for the rule of law in modern society. The involvement of people’s organizations and social organizations in the rule of law is a key form of well-organized public involvement. The basis for the participation of people’s organizations and social organizations in the construction of modern rule of law in China lies in the theory of “limited government”. Multi-subject participation can achieve complementarity and win-win results. In practice, the main content of people’s organizations and social organizations participating in the rule of law is to restrict public power, soft law autonomy, and resolve disputes. It should be noted that the democratic participation capacity of people’s organizations and social organizations is still insufficient, and it is necessary for the party and the state to give institutional guarantees.
Qing Guo, Wenwen Zou, Yirao Li, Xiaoqing Liao, Jingling Ye, Jiaxing Xue
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 132-146; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112011

Abstract:
Until 2021, it has been a hundred years since the Communist Party of China entered the stage of history. At the historic meeting, the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China focused on education in ideals and beliefs. In this context, publicizing red culture, transmitting red concepts, and guiding college students to establish lofty ideals and beliefs are of profound and long-term significance to the ideological and political education of contemporary college students and even to the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new period. Based on the background of the century-old party history, the article looks for the literature and materials of many domestic scholars on ideals and beliefs, explores the current situation of college students’ ideals and beliefs education at the present stage, finds existing problems and deficiencies, and finds ways and methods to solve them in a targeted manner. In this way, the ideals and beliefs of college students are strengthened, and positive and healthy thoughts are shaped, and they are regarded as a guide to action.
Shanwen Guo, Jing Liu
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 43-58; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112004

Abstract:
As the rural tourism market continues to expanding, there is a high degree of homogenization in rural tourism in mainland China. The highly homogeneity in rural tourism has brought about the Red Sea of rural tourism competition. Then, sailing to the Blue Ocean of less competition becomes the crucial in rural tourism development. In this paper, the case studies of Beireng Village in Hainan and Taomi Village in Taiwan are selected. The value innovation strategy is used as the path analysis to carry out the comparative analysis of four dimensions: Innovation of residents’ concept, Innovation of marketing method of rural tourism, Innovation of goods and services in rural tourism, and Innovation of management in rural tourism. Through the analysis, we can learn that Taiwan’s Taomi Village is a rural tourism development strategy based on Ecology, with significant social and economic benefits. At the same time, in Hainan’s Beireng Village, after the fever of First Lady Diplomacy has faded, it has fallen into the dilemma of tourism development. Finally, this study also proposes avoiding fierce homogeneous competition and creating Blue Ocean suitable for their story based on the action structure of Eliminate-Reduce-Create-Enhance.
Fei Gao, Zhiqiang Zheng, Zhi Weng, Ding Han, Huhe Dai, Junlin Wang
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 59-67; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112005

Abstract:
This paper discusses the confusions and difficulties to be overcome in the upgrading and transformation of automation majors from the essence and connotation of emerging engineering education development. The talent cultivation concept of “education as the core, foundation as the root, practice as the base, and innovation as the soul” is proposed. Talent training objectives and graduation requirements based on the OBE education concept and emerging engineering education requirements are developed. Curriculum system based on training objectives and graduation requirements is constructed. A collaborative education platform based on university-enterprise cooperation is provided. Then, it explores the innovative talent cultivation model of robotics in the context of emerging engineering education by “constructing a scientific curriculum system, building a diversified practice platform, and promoting the deep integration of industry and education”.
Ting Zhang
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 147-155; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.113012

Abstract:
Based on the literature analysis of the research on China’s socialist transformation in Western academia, this paper briefly reviews the historical status of Western academia’s research since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, taking the normalization of China-US relations as the node time. The study on China’s socialist transformation has experienced more than half a century of development, showing its own unique characteristics. Due to the influence of their own cultural concepts, ideologies, research paradigms and research methods, Western scholars’ understanding of relevant issues inevitably shows some one-sided and arbitrary perspectives. However, the novelty of Western scholars’ research perspectives, the diversification of data sources, and the interdisciplinary comprehensive research methods have certain reference significance for China’s domestic academia to further advance the research on socialist transformation.
Dongxin Shu
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 79-89; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112007

Abstract:
Patriotism is the spiritual bond of the Chinese people and holds together all ethnic groups in China. It is generally characterized by upholding national unity, resisting invasion of foreign forces, maintaining national ethos of humaneness and rightness, and cherishing Chinese culture. Patriotism evolves with actual conditions at different stages of development. In contemporary China, top leaders from Chairman Mao to President Xi Jinping put forward their views of patriotism and ideas to promote it. These insights deepen our understanding of patriotism and offer guidelines for how to integrate patriotism into making China a modern, strong, and prosperous socialist country. Patriotism for a new era enables the Chinese people to uphold the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and build socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Ting He
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 119-131; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.112010

Abstract:
This paper examines the evolution of a classical Chinese theater—Kunju. It looks into the history of Kunju by delving into literary documents and related historic records. Originally, Kunju used Kunshan tune, a local music style in Kunshan. Thanks to the contributions of Wei Liangfu and his contemporaries, Kunshan tune was refined into a new music style. This refined tune used official language (guanhua) and the melody was generated in accordance with the tones of the words. Besides, new music instruments were introduced to make vocal delivery more pleasing. These refinements helped Kunshan tune become a national music style before spreading from Suzhou to the rest of China. Kunju stresses on-stage dramatic performance and mimetic movements. This paper also identifies challenges facing this classical Chinese theater.
Qian Sun
Chinese Studies, Volume 11, pp 16-29; https://doi.org/10.4236/chnstd.2022.111002

Abstract:
Li Huailiang’s case basically covers three main issues related to the application of the principle of presumption of innocence in China’s criminal judicial practice: First, the interference of media trial dominated by the idea of presumption of guilt to judicial justice; second, the suspect and defendant are presumed guilty in the criminal proceedings; third, the principle of “In dubio pro reo” only stays in the trial stage of the court. For the issue of media trial, it is necessary to regulate the news reports related to law, authorize the judicial organs to restrict the news reporting cases through legislation, and endow the courts with the power to regulate the news reporting activities related to their trial cases. For the problem of extended detention, China’s judicial organs have carried out activities to supervise and inspect extended detention cases for many times. Media trial and extended detention all reflect the far-reaching impact of the idea of presumption of guilt on China’s public concept and judicial practice, as well as the practical problem that it is difficult to implement the principle of “In dubio pro reo” in judicial practice. The reason is inseparable from the thought of suspected crime in Chinese traditional legal culture, the limitations of China’s reference to the criminal legal system of western countries, and the tradition of China’s administrative intervention in justice.
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