Spektrum Industri

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1693-6590 / 2442-2630
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (10.12928)
Total articles ≅ 160
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Latest articles in this journal

Heriyono Lalu
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 63-72; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.17753

E-Learning and distance learning implementation is part of the Indonesian Government's response to face the industrial revolution 4.0 and the disruption of higher education innovations through the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education. -Learning and distance learning implementation in Indonesian higher education must be in line with Tridharma Perguruan Tinggi, and adopt a quality design approach that comes from a good framework. This research offers a design of e-learning business architecture in indonesian higher education that is in line with Tridharma Perguruan Tinggi, Indonesian Higher Education Accreditation, follows the quality framework and approach from ISO 19796 and PDCA cycle, and continuous improvement based on knowledge management. e-Learning business architecture design, carried out using TOGAF ADM approach. The e-learning business architecture design results for indonesian higher education are outlined in 5 parts, which is e-learning business architecture motivation, e-learning business functions and services, e-learning organizations, e-learning business processes, and e-learning business roles and actor.
Muhammad Kareza Abrianto, Devina Puspita Sari, Renanda Nia Rachmadita
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 29-36; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.19648

As a service company, service quality and speed of service are the main focuses of the company. One equipment in loading and unloading is Terminal Truck. However, Terminal Truck currently has less than desirable with the frequent occurrence of breakdown. This will have an impact on the time used to be less productive. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Terminal Truck by using Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). The results of this study found that the CTT was still below the standard set by JIPM, namely 85%. Meanwhile losses, the significant that affect the effectiveness of CTT are idling and minor stoppage losses.
Anita Ilmaniati, Isma Masrofah
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 49-60; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.18352

Strengthening regional competitiveness as a derivative of strengthening national competitiveness encourages every region in Indonesia to design a regional innovation system (SIDa), including Cianjur Regency. One of the activity programs at SIDa that have been carried out in 2019 is an innovation competition. Based on the evaluation of the innovation competition activities, it is known that the level of community participation is still very low. This indicates that the level of innovation enthusiasm is still low in the Cianjur community. This study aims to formulate a conceptual model between the factors of attitude towards innovation and knowledge awareness of the innovation enthusiasm of the people of Cianjur Regency. The research was carried out by conducting a literature review based on related previous studies. In this study, operationalization variables and item indicators were also carried out, as well as testing the reliability and validity of the measurement scale using initial data. The results of this study are in the form of a conceptual model that links attitudes towards innovation and awareness of knowledge towards innovation enthusiasm along with the level of reliability and validity of the measurements.
Dian Palupi Restuputri, Moch Choirul Huda, Ahmad Mubin
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 15-28; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.18112

The problem that we often encounter in the workplace is work accidents. It is fatal in work and frequently ignored by workers and company owners, especially small and medium enterprises. This study focuses on reducing the risk of work accidents through a participatory ergonomic approach. This method is a method in which all elements involved in the scope of work are invited to work together to solve existing problems. The result shows that the risk of MSDs is dangerous to the musculoskeletal system as the work posture resulted in a significant effect of tension. The physical work environment is not under existing standards. Lack of lighting can be fatal to workers, while too hot temperatures can affect worker comfort. The results of participatory ergonomics show that 85% of workers want a change in the physical work environment. The number of work accidents in batik centers after using a participatory ergonomic approach decreased and could increase work productivity by 11%.
Asri Novia Sahraen
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 73-85; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.17830

Risk is the uncertainty of events that can have a negative impact on organizational goals. Every organization has risks. The purpose of this study is to identify the risks faced by the organization and propose mitigation strategies based on the integration of the enterprise risk management (ERM) model and the balanced scorecard. This research was conducted at a consulting service company using a semi-quantitative method. The results obtained 36 risk events. Risk management is carried out based on the level and amount of risk that has been evaluated and a risk priority map is made. In managing risk, three strategies are applied, namely accept, share (reduce) and reduce according to the ability and resources of the company in dealing with risk.
Nana Rahdiana, Sani Suhardiman, Khoirudin Khoirudin
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 1-14; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.19272

XYZ is a company engaged in the paper industry, which is located in West Java. Since established in 1976, this company has produced photocopy paper in the form of reams. This company has advantages in terms of paper quality so that its products dominate the international market and the domestic market. With a very tight level of market competition, companies must continue to work optimally to continuously improve employee performance and company productivity. The purpose of this study is to plan an incentive-based employee wage system, which is suitable and in accordance with company conditions. Incentive wages are important as one of the main components to increase and maintain motivation, performance and work integrity. This research was conducted in the Finishing Department of the copy manual wrapping work unit. The method used are the Piecework method, the Halsey method, and the Rowan method. The result of this research is a comparison of the amount of wages between the wage system used by the company and the three methods of incentive pay as a company alternative. From the comparison of the three incentive wage design methods, the authors recommend the Halsey method as the best method that is able to provide benefits for both the company and for workers which we call dual mutualism. The Halsey method still guarantees a basic wage and a decent incentive wage for workers as a motivation to work faster and better.
Dimas Hastama Nugraha, Rezeki Peranginangin Peranginangin, Erlita Pramitaningrum Pramitaningrum
Spektrum Industri, Volume 19, pp 37-48; doi:10.12928/si.v19i1.17906

Morotai’s sanitation and clean water technology is covering sanitation technology (bio filter, sanitary pond) and clean water (SPC, Reserve Osmose). This technology is ready to be applied in Daruba Pantai, Morotai, North Maluku and all of its technology originated from Java. Research problem’s focus on supply chain. Research objectives eager to see to what extent the supply chain of sanitation and clean water technology, from the technology producers which are mostly located in Java and the application location is in Morotai. The study of Supply Chain in Clean Water and Sanitation Technology Implementation using an applied based research approach. This study refers to scientific research and attempt to solve practical problems. The result of this study, any supply chain for four technologies in Morotai. The results consist of identifying supply chain components, determining network dimension structure that consists of three types dimension, determining type of business chain, and mapping supply chain. For the sanitation technology (bio filter), there are six certified bio filter suppliers and one of them will be selected as the supplier of the construction project in Morotai area. At the sanitary ponds technology, the constituent component/material can be retrieved from local suppliers in Morotai. For Simple Water Management Installation-Quick Sand Filter/SPC, the technology constituent component itself comprises of ground water tank, pump, roof tank, and Quick Sand Filter (made of fibre). This material is brought from the supplier named CV. Lusika in Bandung. Then, the RO technology constituent component is quite many comprising of water inlet valve, pre-filter, RO membrane, post-filter, automatic inspection valves, flow blockers, reservoir, faucet, and exhaust pipe. RO system unit is brought from the supplier called PT. Zeofilt Water Treatment that located in Bandung.
Mahmud Basuki, Rizqa Ula Fahadha
Spektrum Industri, Volume 18, pp 175-182; doi:10.12928/si.v18i2.14393

Nata de coco is food made from coconut water waste which can be consumed and can help improve the digestive process. The results of fermentation at PT XYZ still contain damaged or moldy nata sheets. The purpose of this study is to identify the causes of nata sheet defects. The identification of production defects in this study uses a fishbone diagram. The results of this study show that the cause of nata de coco sheet defects is the quality of coconut water that is too old (contains oil), too young (does not contain minerals), too long exposure to open air (contaminated with other bacteria). So that the resulting starter seeds are not good enough. Other causes are because the tray used is not clean (still runny), the newspaper used is torn (wide open), shocks occur during fermentation, alkaline pH, fluctuating air temperature, the boiling process has not reached boiling point, and the amount of additional materials (ZA fertilizer and sugar) is not quite right.
Nelfiyanti Nelfiyanti, Casban Casban, Ridwan Ridwan
Spektrum Industri, Volume 18, pp 167-174; doi:10.12928/si.v18i2.17918

PT.XYZ operates in the field of two-wheeled vehicle manufacturing. A product defect is produced in the design, namely scratch defect, which has an average defect percentage of 2.39%, which exceeds the Company's defect standard of 0.2%. This study aims to determine the factors that cause scratch defects and reduce scratch defects using the QCC method on the frame assembly line section. The research method is done with the stage starting from the problem identification stage to find out the problems that need improvement steps. Data collection techniques are done by conducting direct observations in the field and conducting interviews with related personnel as well as performing literature studies to learn the science of literature that has a direct relationship with the research topic. The problem formulation level is done to find out the main problems that are the source of the occurrence of defective products. Stages of activity collecting data obtained based on direct observation results and company defect data. The data processing stage was done using the QCC method with PDCA approach and using 5W + 1H stage for the repair process so that the defect value is 0.56%, in this case, there is a decrease in the percentage of a defect by 1.84% from the previous 2.39%. As well as giving a good quality influence on the products produced
Santika Sari, Akhmad Nidhomuz Zaman, Mohammad Rachman Waluyo, Nurfajriah Nurfajriah
Spektrum Industri, Volume 18, pp 113-120; doi:10.12928/si.v18i2.17316

Industrialization development, which is being implemented in some areas, is increasing rapidly. There are over one hundred thousand construction companies in Indonesia. Thus, the risk of accidents in the construction field is also likely to increase. Moreover, Indonesia is one of the countries with the highest construction accidents according to ASEAN's accident rate. This will cost a significant loss. The Indonesian construction industry should conduct a more in-depth investigation into the problem so that improvements would significantly decrease the accident rate. This research aims to obtain the first modification of HFACS models to be implemented in the companies. Thus, it is expected that there is a correction to the dominant factor. HFACS model is an accident investigation method based on the human error factor. This research is generally divided into three steps. There are preliminary, data collecting, then conclusion and recommendation. Based on the explanation above, it is obtained that the development of the HFACS model is by adding the level of an external factor, which obtained 1,2% in the construction industry. Through the recommendation based on the result of this research, be expected that construction companies in Indonesia could make continuous improvements to reduce the accident
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