Journal of Economics and Management Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2576-3008 / 2576-3016
Published by: Ideas Spread (10.30560)
Total articles ≅ 88
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Di Zhu, Yefei Li, Ejimofor Bruno Chiedozi, Hui Pan
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n4p1

Abstract:
After taking into account the spatial dependence effects in the panel data consisting of all 31 provinces, direct-controlled municipalities, and autonomous regions in China between the years 1998 and 2017, it found significant spatial autocorrelation effects in both traditional absolute and conditional β income convergence models. At the national level, using the spatial econometric models (Spatial Error Model for absolute convergence and Spatial Durbin Model for conditional convergence), the analysis shows that in the past 19 years from 1999 to 2017, there is no absolute β income convergence. However, there is conditional β income convergence after controlling for all growth factors, while the positive effect of fixed asset investment on regional economic growth is significant, and the effect of population growth is significantly negative. The other growth factors such as FDI inflow, export, and higher education enrollment were surprisingly found no statistically significant effects on regional economic growth. From regional level (Spatial Durbin Model and Spatial Lag Model), there is no conditional β income convergence within each four economic regions. Nonetheless, the northeast region showed an income divergence trend, where only the fixed asset investment is positively significant. This study results imply that China should continue to improve fixed asset investment and control population growth to stimulate regional economic growth and income convergence.
Che Zilong
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n3p7

Abstract:
Since ancient times, the two ancient civilizations of China and India have had a long history of trade exchanges, and such trade exchanges have left an important mark in the history of Sino-India relations. Chronologically,this article takes the Sino-Indian trade exchanges as a research perspective to outline two thousand years of trade history between two countries. From the Sino-Indian Business Road that began in the Qin Dynasty and Han Dynasty to the origin of the Silk Road on which Zhang Qian went to the Western Regions as an envoy, explored the Sino-India-Tibet Road and Maritime Silk Road trade; analyzed the opium trade between China, Britain and India in modern times. At the same time, it uses the founding of People’s Republic of China, the Sino-Indian War, the Belt and Road Initiative and the important events of the global epidemic as nodes to describe the development of Sino-Indian trade. In the long history, this kind of rich trade history also shows that China and India are more likely and should establish a better and more extensive trade cooperation relationship, and learn to effectively deal with the turmoil. This will provide reference for operating the trade activities between the two countries.
Reni Yendrawati, Arifin Praditya Putra, Rina Asmara
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n3p16

Abstract:
This study aims to find empirical evidence regarding the influence of audit tenure, audit firm rotation, audit firm industry specialization, and time budget pressure on audit quality. This research is a quantitative research using secondary data in the form of financial statements. This study uses a population of manufacturing companies in the consumer goods sector listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015-2017. The sampling was done by using a non-probability method with a purposive sampling technique. The number of samples used in this study is 34 companies. The data analysis method used is a logistic regression analysis method using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. The results of this study indicate that audit tenure and audit firm rotation have no effect on audit quality, PAF industry specialization has a positive effect on audit quality, time budget pressure has a negative effect on audit quality.
Mehdi Monadjemi, John Lodewijks
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n3p1

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to select a sample of low inflation countries and high inflation countries and examine the long run validity of the relative Purchasing Power Parity doctrine. We explore the notion that countries with historically low inflation experience strong and stable currency and those with a continuous high inflation face weak and depreciating currencies. After a review of the literature, a theoretical model is developed for the relationship between inflation and exchange rate changes. This is followed by some graphical annual time series and empirical results for selected countries. We find our hypothesis is supported for high inflation countries. We then explore productivity differences and their impact on real exchange rates.
Adelina Arifi, Musa Krasniqi, Berim Ramosaj
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n3p26

Abstract:
In the contemporary time in which we live, the approach of leaders plays an important role in implementing the strategy of the “Kujtesa” company. The purpose of this research is to show the application of leadership style to their subordinates. The methodology used in the study is a combination of quantitative and qualitative data. The results of the research were processed with the data of 100 employees and managers of the “Kujtesa” company. The data were processed using the statistical analysis of SPSS program. This research includes the analysis of key factors of leaders' style with their subordinates such as: human resource management, work structure, management readiness to face new challenges and new situations. This study shows a clear picture of the functioning of leaders' approaches to subordinates.
Frank Engwa Engwa, Ivan Mboambogoh Yakum, Samuel Tanjeh Mukah
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n2p1

Abstract:
Banking institutions have been very instrumental to the growth of Small and Medium Sized enterprises in many developed economies, and they have been considered as one of the principal driving forces for economic development. The case has not been the same for Cameroon as owner managers of these SMEs have been complaining of the limited presence of banking institutions in solving their problems. Mindful of the fact that Cameroon has a growth vision to become an emerging economy by 2035, the country had to take giant steps to boast the growth of SME in the country. Some of these steps were the introduction of the small business law in 2010. This was all in a drive to ensure that SME play a vital role to the GDP growth, reduce unemployment, alleviate poverty and act as an engine for the country’s emergence growth drive. It is therefore in this light that a study was carried out on the role of banking institutional services on the sustainable growth of SME in Cameroon. A logistic regression model was adopted to examine the impact of banking institutions on the growth of SMEs in Cameroon. The data used in the study was extracted from the 2016 Cameroon Enterprise Survey which was collected from 361 enterprises by the National Institute of Statistics in the country. From the empirical results, it was discovered that 68.4% of the enterprises were growing as opposed to the 31.6%. Despite the high growth rate of these SME bank loans were affecting the growth of SME negatively while MFI loans, electronic banking services, internal funds and research and development were positively contributing to the growth of SME in the country. Thus, we concluded the study by emphasisng the implementation of relationship lending which will contribute positively to the growth of SMEs and more so fiscal policies should be ameliorated to boast the growth of startups businesses.
Sorina Ioana Misu, Monica Triculescu, Alina Petre
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n2p15

Abstract:
Nowadays, the concept of performance can be related to almost any field of activity, taking into consideration the fact that setting, achieving and even exceeding goals appear to be of constant interest for individuals involved in working activities. Additionally, research literature is rich in notions related to performance measurement, evaluation and management. The same interest in literature is met for the concept of teachers’ self-efficacy and evidence show these two concepts are strongly related one to the other. Hence, the current study aims to bring a new perspective for these topics by analyzing work performance and self-efficacy in the field of education employees, i.e. high-school teachers, and the extent to which they perceive their self-performance and self-efficacy levels. As the present paper focuses on determining the level of the previously mentioned concepts among high school teachers from Romania, the data were gathered through an online questionnaire, answered by 603 Romanian high-school teachers and later analyzed according to quantitative research methods. The results of this study, consistent with the methodology used and within the limitations, show a high level of both perceived work performance and perceived self-efficacy among the high-school teachers. These facts could be of great interest for educational stakeholders, fellow researchers and policy makers.
Saad Alhajraf
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n1p72

Abstract:
This paper examines the transmission of information between small and large sized portfolios within the Boursa Kuwait between 2011 and 2020. The study documents a constant and steady stream of feedback which demonstrates a sizeable and significant impact on market volatility; albeit at varying degrees of effect on smaller portfolios as compared with larger ones. Evidence suggests a more persistent volatility on larger portfolios, indicating a disparity on the interpretations of transmitted information between the varied styles of investors in the Kuwait Boursa.
Blerona Shala, Abetare Prebreza, Berim Ramosaj
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n1p50

Abstract:
The paper reflects our study about the horizontal and vertical analysis of financial statements. In this small volume we have tried to give meaningful, close and clear explanations. We have tried to methodologically elaborate the task in a gradual way. The paper is worked in several parts for the purpose of easier understanding. The paper presents the original data of the financial statements, which elaborates the horizontal and vertical analysis of the balance sheet and the SAP for the years 2015-2015 and 2017-2018, in the next part is presented our commentary on the findings of the analysis for the above years. For this paper, SPSS software was used as a tool to interpret the results obtained from the questionnaire that was formulated for this paper.
Lindita Komani, Vito Bobek, Tatjana Horvat
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences, Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.30560/jems.v4n1p29

Abstract:
The rationale for more European Commission (EC) support for Open Innovation is there, as a whole-of-society approach seems to be the best to address the challenges arising mainly from competition at the global level. This paper supported this view and was built as a case study research paper based on the EU and USA case studies. In the first sections, a theoretical framework is built, which establishes a link between R&D, innovation, and competitiveness, introduces culture and military as factors influencing innovation, and shows how open innovation has changed innovation. A discussion evolves regarding the current position of the EU and EU countries in terms of innovation and what the EC is undertaking to address the identified challenges. The core section is dedicated to the case study, elaborates benchmarks, gains learnings from a country successful in the field of (open) innovation such as the USA, and suggests what the EC could concretely implement in the case of the EU. The outlook section suggests a few possible areas for future research and policies.
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