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ISSN / EISSN : 2527-3434 / 2527-5143
Total articles ≅ 56
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Mu'Allimu Kamabari Aminu, Aliyu Ibrahim Musaddad, Adamu Tanko Isah
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 243-254; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5863

This paper begins with an examination of the concept of good governance in Islam. The paper proceeds with a discussion on the precepts of good governance in Islam and the role of leadership in good governance. It is against this background that the paper looks at the Nigerian governance experience over the last few years. The paper concludes with some useful recommendations.
Grisna Anggadwita, Dini Turipanam Alamanda, Veland Ramadani
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 227-242; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5897

The purpose of this study was to analyze cosmetics purchasing decisions by consumers with consideration of halal labels or product quality where brand image as an intervening variable. This study uses quantitative methods with confirmatory objectives. Questionnaires are distributed using a purposive sampling method for 400 respondents in several villages throughout Indonesia. The results showed that the halal label significantly influenced brand image and purchasing decisions. Product quality affects brand image but has no impact on purchasing decisions. Meanwhile, brand image has a significant influence on purchasing decisions. The research implications show that for rural communities, promotion of halal cosmetics is more useful for driving purchasing decisions compared to the quality of cosmetic products.
Ernie Hendrawaty, Edi Pranyoto, Adam Muhammad Abubakar
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 211-226; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5374

This research examines the effect of religiosity on the cash holding. The method used to test the model is panel data regression by investigating the effect of religiosity on the cash holding of shari'a and non-shari'a companies. The results show that Religiosity (Islamic Dichotomic), showing a positive and significant coefficient on cash holdings. Companies with a high level of religiosity hold significant amounts of cash. The companies hold cash to reduce risk by reducing debt financing. Keywords: cash holdings, religiosity, risk
Novita Kusuma Maharani, Sumardi Sumardi, Auwal Salisu
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 199-210; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.4811

The banking in Indonesia has undergone several changes in the market structure that ultimately impacts the prevailing policies and regulations. This study aims to examine the impact of changes in the banking market structure identified through the level of market concentration in the banking environment and examine the factors that influence the level of concentration of the banking market from 2005 to 2016. The study also examined the impact of changes in banking structure during the global crisis. The measurement of banking concentration used in this study is the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI). Furthermore, the influential factors consist of: (1) Bank specification, including bank size (Size), credit risk (NPL), profitability (ROE), banksoundness(CAR),(2)Market specification,namely the number of standingbank (NUM), and (3) Global crisis. The study used GLS (Generalized Least Square) method to detect autocorrelation on each variable.The results show that banks in Indonesia tended to have a low level of market concentration. The results are also in accordance with the SCP paradigm which states that banks tend to generate high profits when the level of banking market concentration is high.Keywords : Market Concentration, Competition, Dual-Banking, Bank Specification, Market Specification, Global Crisis.
Muhammad Fikry Aransyah, Finnah Furqoniah, Amjad Hamad Abdullah
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 181-198; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5355

In a Muslim country, halal products were a norm in the society whereby Muslims in their daily life were not only consuming the halal products. The acceptance of non-Muslims towards halal products is growing as well because of the strict process and laws to follow. It reviews studies and theories on customer’s purchase intention on halal products and the concepts of price, awareness, availability, safety, ingredients, and quality of the halal products, which affect their purpose to buy from the perspective of non-Muslim. Fifty research article from 2009 to 2019 was chosen for this research. Besides, the halal products are also being monitored, certified, and enforced by the government. Halal products with certification will automatically gain the confidant of the consumers without any doubts. There are many types of research being conducted about the halal industry, but there is limited research being conducted to explore the non-Muslim consumers' purchase intention on halal products.Keywords: halal products, purchase intention, non-muslim, literature review
Hamzah Hamzah, Devika Tryza Ayodahya, Sharifu Haque
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 171-180; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5467

Trade activity is one of the drivers of development in a country in order to obtain national development. In the current era of globalization, trade activities opened among the countries have developed quite rapidly. Indonesia has acquired a spinning wheel in international trade activities. Indonesia is actively involved in several negotiations concerning international trade and actively supports the national development. By becoming a member of the World Trade Organization, Indonesia has carried out important export activities to all parts of the world. Indonesia itself has special rules regarding important goods, specifically about food ingredients. Indonesia stops importing chicken because of the absence of halal labeling on these food ingredients. Indonesia is a country which most of its citizens are Muslim. Food which is consumed for Indonesia Muslim people is not only about safe and healthy but also about halal . Due to this rule, Brazil suffered a quite big loss and filled a lawsuit to WTO. The purpose of this study was to analyze the Indonesian national law regarding halal certification and how to resolve the dispute between Brazil and Indonesia on the issue of importing chicken meat.Keywords: Consumer Protection, Halal Certificate, WTO.
R. Yudhistira Adi Seputra, Azhari Azhari, Aminul Islam
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 151-170; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.4839

This study aims to analyze the risk and efficiency of Bank MuamalatTbk, customers & ex-employees perceptions of the efficiency of the closure of the Branch Offices in Bojonegoro and Blora Regencies. This research is quantitative research that uses three stages of analysis. The first phase of the analysis involves risk analysis by measuring credit, operational and risk of disbursement based on the 2013-2017 Bank Muamalat Indonesia Tbk Financial Report using CAMELS financial ratios, the second stage consists of measuring the efficiency of Bank MuamalatTbk's performance using non-parametric techniques, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The third stage will apply Pearson Correlation Coefficients to test the correlation between Customer Perception, Credit, Operations, and Risk of Disbursement to Efficiency. Based on results it can be concluded that the condition of Bank Muamalat Indonesia for the period 2013 - 2017 can be declared unhealthyand risky. So, it is suggested that Muamalat obtain new investors who are able to provide capital to nourish their financial performance. Keywords : Efficiency, Operational Risk, Islamic Banking, Data Envelopment Analysis.
Wahyu Setyawan, Rindu Rika Gamayuni, Shamsuddeen Muhammad Ahmad
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 137-150; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i2.5204

The objective of this study is to determine the impact of e-budgeting and internal government control systems to financial reporting of local governments in Indonesia as measured by the achievement of the unqualified opinion from the report of the Financial Audit Board (LHP BPK) on the Regional Government Financial Reports (LKPD). Financial reporting is a mechanism in the delivery of financial information and a representation of the financial position of transactions carried out by local governments , as an obligation of responsibility for the allocation and use of resources that are useful for accountability and transparency purposes.The implementation of e-budgeting and the government internal control system in the preparation of financial reporting is a means to realize accountability and transparency in governance in bureaucratic reform. This is consistent with the perspective of Islam provides guidance in the embodiment of the system of good governance government in the form of three pillars, namely transparency , accountability and participation . The study population was all local governments in Indonesia with a sample that local governments in Indonesia are already implementing e-budgeting in the 2017 -2018 . This research method is a quantitative empirical research method using secondary data with data analysis performed statistical tests using multiple linear regression with Eviews 9.0. The results of hypothesis testing and multiple regression analysis with eviews 9.0 shows that e-budgeting and government internal control systems are simultaneously influenced positively to financial reporting of local governments in Indonesia in the form of unqualified opinion. Keywords : E-Budgeting, Government Internal Control, Financial Reporting, Islamic Perspective.
Fedi Ameraldo, Saiful Saiful, Husaini Husaini
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 109-136; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i1.4211

The purpose of this study is to analyze the potential contribution of Islamic banking to development of Halal tourism and the enhancement of local community welfare in rural area.The present study employs a critical analytic approach based on extensive review and discussing the possible contribution of Islamic banking to development of Halal tourism and the local communities in rural area.As discussed in the paper there are some strategies for Islamic banking in the rural area. First, Islamic banking can establish special purpose vehicle to run the microfinance scheme in the rural area in order to minimize the potential risks. Second, some financing mechanisms also can be run by the Islamic banks both sources from internal and external resources, such as participatory model – musyarakah and mudharabah and third parties fund – zakah, infaq, sadaqah and waqf.Last, the branchless banking strategy is also proposed but with a certain intermediations should be firstly done by the Islamic banks, such as social and financial intermediation. Keywords Indonesia, Islamic Banking, Halal tourism, Local Welfare
Febrianty Febrianty, Divianto Divianto
IKONOMIKA, Volume 4, pp 85-108; doi:10.24042/febi.v4i1.3961

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that affect the intention of business-fraud on young entrepreneurs in Palembang city. Researchers conducted research development on young-Muslim entrepreneurs as subjects and added the role stress variable and applied TPB Theory. The type of data used in the form of primary data through questionnaires. The analysis of this research used SEM-Analysis. The results of this study were: H1-predicted a positive correlation between attitudes and intention of young-Muslim entrepreneurs to commit business-fraud (accepted). H-2 and H-3 there was rejection because there were more influential variables. H4-predicted there was a positive correlation between the role-stress and intention of young-Muslim entrepreneurs to commit business-fraud (accepted). H5-predicted that attitudes toward behavior, subjective-norms, and perceived-behavioral controls have significant influence on the intention of young Muslim entrepreneurs to commit business-fraud. Potential business young-Muslim entrepreneurs can fraud occur in the business, needs to be improved by effectiveness of internal controls. Keywords: Intention, Business-Fraud, young-Muslim, attitudes, role-stress, subjective-norms, perceived-behavioral controls, TPB
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