Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-8356 / 2355-5963
Published by: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 212
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 27-36; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p27-36.2021
Covid-19 pandemic has caused massive and widespread fear from various walks of life. The Covid-19 outbreak has affected all aspects of human life. This social reality encourages the people of Madiun Regency to make an effort to respond the pandemic by relying on local wisdom. The purpose of the study is to analyze and explain the actions of the people of Madiun Regency in responding to the Covid-19 Pandemic. The study was conducted for a year using a qualitative ethnographic approach. Data were collected by doing interview, observation, and document recording. The informants were determined by the purposive sampling technique. Meanwhile, the data analysis was using coding techniques. The results show that the community carries out mitigation through various activities vertically (supernatural powers) and horizontally (fellow humans and nature) in accordance with the philosophy of life of personal memayu hayuning, memayu hayuning kulawarga, memayu hayuning together, memayu hayuning bawana, including; (1) doing religious rituals, (2) carrying out ‘peduli tangga teparo’ (a caring-neighbor movement), (3) encouraging mutual cooperation in various aspects of life fulfillment with the principles of togetherness, mutual honing, compassion, and upbringing, (4) activating and mobilizing food barns and barns food storage, and growing medicinal plants and consuming them to increase immunity.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 66-73; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p66-73.2021
This article examines religion as social capital in realizing resilience in Aceh. The purpose of this research is to discuss how religion and its values become social capital, and how to socialize these religious values in society. This research is a qualitative research procedure that produces descriptive data in the form of written or spoken words from observable people's behavior. The theory used is social capital which believes that religious values, norms and beliefs contained in social structures and structures are able to bond and integrate society to move together to solve problems. The approach is ethnography, which is a written description of people's way of life. There are three data techniques, namely; interviews, observation and document study, then analyzed by exclusion, namely matching all data that has been obtained. The results showed that religion is capable of being a social capital, as well as having values and the norms of tawhid, patience, sincerity, tawakkal and togetherness; These values and norms have been socialized since Islam entered Aceh and continue to be carried out by families and religious leaders through education. Thus, through religion as social capital, it can create resilience in the face of disasters in Acehnese society
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 93-100; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p93-100.2021
Mystical rituals in a tradition experience conflict in society because of things that are irrational in nature. For example, the grebeg maulid tradition, grebeg sudiro, lawung mahesa ceremony, mbah meyek village clean, sadranan, and slametan. However, the government has not lost the way to maintain this mystical tradition to maintain society's social order. This research is qualitative research with an ethnographic approach that focuses on the traditions that exist in Surakarta, which contain mystical but still growing. This research was conducted from 2019 to 2020. The data collected came from observations made in 5 sub-districts in Surakarta. Second, interviews with mystical actors. Third, documentation obtained from books, journals, and mass media explaining the mystical traditions in Surakarta. The data validity used the triangulation method, member check, time extension, peer debriefing. Data analysis using ethnographic analysis model. The result is that there are six ways to rationalize the mystical tradition, namely connecting the mystical with something rational, using a different name that can be accepted by the public at large, making the tools used in the tradition no longer mystical, and accommodating technological developments. such as the e-wom method to spread tradition.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 118-128; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p118-120.2021
The development agenda that designed in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2030 is a challenge for all global stakeholders. This article aims: 1) To identify ecotourism that is develop based on the social capital and local wisdom of community in Tunda Island, 2) To identify the development of community-based ecotourism in the industrial era 4.0 through digital technology, 3) To analyse of benefits of digital technology for ecotourism development. The method used through field study with descriptive qualitative research type. The results of the study show that are: 1) ecotourism that has been developed by the community focuses on social capital and local wisdom of the community, 2) Digital technology application on the implementation of ecotourism development conducted through the provision of websites and social media by community of Tunda island, and 3) Benefit of digital technology has an impact for socio-economic of community and acessability dealing with ecotourism management. Furthermore, enhaching human capacity needed for community to improve Tourism Group (Pokdarwis) as a social institution that has a role in developing ecotourism in Tunda Island.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 37-46; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p37-46.2021
Working is one of the hopes as well as an achievement for the transitional period of youth. The social, cultural, and economic contexts that are developing rapidly due to globalization and advances in science and technology have made the sphere of work also change. As a result, the outsourcing work system has become the right choice for young people to develop their careers. Using qualitative research methods with a biographical model, several young informants were selected to tell narratives related to their dynamic careers in several industries with an outsourcing system. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and observations on the activities carried out by these young workers—besides, some secondary data related to the world of work as the primary data support. From the results obtained, youth who work in the industrial sector with an outsourcing mechanism have quite a risk of being vulnerable in the future even though the transition period they are experiencing looks relatively smooth (after taking education directly to work). Their joy in their daily lives as young people seems to be able to encourage them to keep their enthusiasm for work even though the risks that exist in the future are uncertain and winding.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 58-65; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p58-65.2021
Social changes that make society can influence the apparatus. Social changes have an impact on families in Indonesia. The narrower the workforce is coupled with the increasing needs of the family, the older the migrant worker works. As a result, the roles and functions of the family do not work properly. The impact is that the children commit juvenile delinquency. Like it or not, parents still guide their children and understand sexual education so that children do not engage in deviant behavior. This research method uses descriptive qualitative methods. The research focuses on how migrant workers instill sex education in children. There were six informants including 3 migrant workers and 3 migrant workers. Data techniques are observation and open interviews. The results of this study indicate that each migrant worker has a way of imparting sexual education to children. Differences in the cultivation of character education are motivated by several factors. One of them is the cultural factor of the country where the parents work. Furthermore, the acceptance of children in sex education and its application is almost similar. Children still maintain the limits of norms that apply in society.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 110-117; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p110-117.2021
South Kalimantan Province is the province with the highest number of child marriage cases, according to data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) in 2017 and 2019. This has resulted in various negative impacts, one of which is the high maternal mortality rate, as well as the low human development index (HDI) in the province, which is placed at the 22nd position from 34 provinces in Indonesia. This paper aims to examine various strategic actors who can prevent and reduce the practice of child marriage in South Kalimantan Province in three levels of analysis: the macro, mezzo, and micro levels. This paper seeks the relationship between the three aspects of structure, culture, and social processes at the three macro, mezzo, and micro levels, as the concept of analysis used to prevent child marriage practices from a child protection perspective and SRHR issues. This study uses a qualitative approach through in-depth interview methods to key policy makers and is supported by focus group discussions (FGD) to participants in discussions from various backgrounds, both government agencies, and non-governmental organizations concerned with the issue of child and women's protection in South Kalimantan Province.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 101-109; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p101-109.2021
Small islands have the nature of remoteness and vulnerability and commonly occupied by multi-ethnic communities that cause differences in the way they perceive natural resources. This study aimed to find out the communities perceptions on the importance and threat values of resources. This study was conducted through a survey method in Masalembu island, Sumenep Regency, East Java, Indonesia. The data were analyzed using descriptive frequency analysis method. The study shows the resources perceived very important are the sea, mosques and 4 resources with the same score (schools, madrasah, public health centers, and markets). Meanwhile, the top 3 resources that highly threatened are the sea, breakwater, and sand mining. There exists a paradox for marine resources because they are perceived very important and contrastively very threatened at the same time. Comprehensive regulations, programs, and policies are needed in the development related to the sea. In this case, social development, education, health, and economic cannot be ignored. Rehabilitation of mangrove vegetation should be encouraged in ex-mining and abrasion areas, taking roles asbreakwateras well as a means to increase the wealth of marine and coastal resources.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 18-26; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p18-26.2021
The low median of age of first marriage in South Kalimantan is partly due to the high number of adolescent marriages that hinder the maturity age of marriage program. Adolescent marriages in this study is the age at first marriage for someone under the age of 20 years. This paper aims to analyze the factors that influence adolescent marriage in South Kalimantan. The study used a cross-sectional research design with data from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS), South Kalimantan Province. The sample in this study were all married women aged 15-49 years who were respondents to the 2017 IDHS, which were divided into two categories as follows. (1) The category of adolescent marriage was the age of first marriage 15-19 years who met the criteria, amounting to 305 respondents. (2) The category of adult marriage is the age at first marriage of 20 years and over who meets the criteria, amounting to 328 respondents. The analysis in this study used univariable, bivariable and multivariable analysis. The results of the analysis show that 13.3 percent of women with low education, come from poor households and live in rural areas, cause adolescent marriages in South Kalimantan.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 23, pp 1-8; doi:10.25077/jantro.v23.n1.p1-8.2021
Gender space generally separates space and place of land and natural resources management and utilization based on gender. The assumption these gender space segregation with firm boundary lines implicated demand to showing women's control, utilization, and management of the land and natural resources on the participatory mapping result that is mostly facilitated by JKPP in Indonesia. One of the purposes of this demand is to include women's interests over space in every decision-making process that has an impact on the women's production areas. In fact, not all places have separated the control, utilization, and management of the land and natural resources based on gender. In an agrarian society, like in Indonesia, most of the areas for control, utilization, and management of the land and natural resources are communal based, which is means that the land and natural resources are joint management by men and women. In one indigenous territory, at two different places and times, gender based management can undergo changes. Taking the case of the Balai Juhu in Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency, South Kalimantan, using a feminist political ecology framework, this article examines the complexities of gender segregation on indigenous territory