Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-8356 / 2355-5963
Current Publisher: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 198
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 276-285; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p276-285.2020
Most of the Singkil communities live along the river banks. Their long-term experience has generated some local wisdom in flood hazard mitigation and adaptation. To revitalize the values of the local wisdom, we have researched Cingkam Village, Aceh Singkil District, Aceh Province. A descriptive exploratory method was used in this study. Field data were collected based on field observations, interviews with local communities, and in-depth interviews with community leaders and local government regarding knowledge, experience, implementation, and possibility of developing the local wisdom. The results showed that the Singkil community practice local wisdom on structural mitigation and adaptation in flood hazards. They constructed floating buildings, namely sapao metungkhang, lampung, and bagan, made of logs drifting along the river. The buildings are practically effective, so that daily household and communal activities can still be carried out both in normal conditions and during flooding. However, they tend to disappear due to several factors including shortages of raw materials, progress inland transportation development, relocation of community far from rivers, and dimmed water transportation routes. Although the practices are starting to be abandoned, they still have the potential to be preserved and developed for both flood risk reduction and tourism destinations.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 236-245; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p236-245.2020
Padang City has a low resilience for earthquake and tsunami disaster. Actually, social capital can be used as a strategy for overcoming impacts and efforts to reduce the level of risk of disaster. According to Siegler, social capital has four aspects, there are personal relationships, social network support, civic engagement, and trust and cooperative norms. The research objectives are: 1) Describe the knowledge and experience of vulnerable groups in dealing with disasters (earthquake and tsunami); 2) Identifying vulnerable groups' social capital as a disaster risk reduction (DRR) effort; 3) Describe the opportunities and obstacles/threats in the use of social capital as an effort to disaster risk reduction (DRR). The research method is qualitative with a case study. The location of this research in Pasie Nan Tigo, Koto Tangah District, Padang City. The determination of informants is a purposive sampling technique. This research has 22 informants. The criteria of informants are; 1) Have settled in a red zone area for at least 5 years; 2) The distance between the house and the beach is a maximum radius of 3 km. The results of the research are; 1) Vulnerable groups have the knowledge and experience about disasters; 2) Social groups already have social capital in 4 aspects of social capital such as personal relationships, social networking support, civic engagement, and trust and cooperative norm; 3) Social capital has opportunities and challenges from the internal and external side. Keywords: Social Capital, DRR
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 187-197; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p187-197.2020
The purpose of writing this article is to find out the Simbur Cahaya Law in regulating marriage law in the Palembang Sultanate. In this paper the author focuses on the Marriage Law in Palembang, because many people in Palembang currently use the marriage law that existed during the Palembang Sultanate. The use of marriage law in the Palembang Sultanate was used to preserve the noble cultural values that have existed since ancient times. The cultural values contained in the marriage law in the Palembang Sultanate are currently dynamic, adjusting to the existing conditions in the Palembang community. This article was compiled using the library research method, which is a method of collecting data by utilizing sources and library materials. The result of the conclusion obtained is that the Simbur Cahaya Law is a law that adapts Islamic and customary law. On the initiative of Ratu Sinuhun, the law was made as a general rule in all the Palembang residences. The law contains regulated public relations including regulations in the field of marriage and single girl, clan, village and farming, clan, and punishment. The marriage ceremony ceremony in the Sultanate of Palembang is explained in the Simbur Cahaya Law in the first chapter which explains the custom of single and married women is in article 1, article 4, article 5, article 12, article 13, and article 14 which explains how ethics in good relations men and women, and marriage. The stages of the traditional wedding ceremony are: 1) before the wedding, namely madik, menyenggung, meminang atau ngelamar, berasan, mutus kato; 2) the implementation of marriage; and 3) after marriage.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 256-263; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p256-263.2020
The purpose of writing this article is to find out about the basic principles of life followed by sedulur sikep as part of the diversity of Javanese culture. Therefore there is a need for cultural preservation which is characterized by the basic principles of the life of the sedulur sikep. Articles compiled using the library research method is a data collection method that is carried out by utilizing library sources and materials. The result obtained is that sedulur sikep is a community group that still has and maintains its social foundation based on traditional values it adheres to. This community has a lot of local wisdom, among others, having a harmonious and sumeleh attitude, giving a good example of attitude, not talking (taking), not pethil (taking things), etc. The principle of harmony is not to like to be adored, not to get angry when reviled. The living person must: correct, be in harmony, understand others, behave cautiously, understand himself, be sensitive, patient, submit, and be mentally happy.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 217-225; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p217-225.2020
The oral history of the birth of dolalak dance differs from other traditional dance legends in Java, such as ronggeng, lengger or tayub. The birth of the traditional dances is related to female figures. The dolalak dance was invented by native soldiers (male) during the Dutch colonial period. This paper aims to examine dolalak as an arena of power and the contribution of women to dolalak in the context of historical reflection. This research is a qualitative study that uses data collection techniques by interviewing, observing, and is supported by documentation studies as well as related previous research. The results of this study show that dolalak becomes the arena of power in its invention. There is a major power in interpreting the invention of dolalak, namely by soldiers (men). As for its development, the dolalak becomes an arena for power struggles that surrounds it. The dolalak is performing art. The dolalak also a medium for spreading Islam, and then the power by the state over it. The power struggles of dance operate and be practiced, from one meaning to another, until the power of state enters. It strengthens the theorization of power. It will continue as a practice of power. In this context, the contribution of women as figures preserving the dance is vulnerable to the invisible. Dolalak dance is mostly performed by female dancers and this has become an icon for people in Purworejo Regency, Central Java. Therefore, it is time for women as traditional dance preservers to be narrated and fill in public knowledge.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 168-177; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p168-177.2020
The Lampung tribe is a minority tribe established by Lampung Province. The Lampung Province became a destination for population migration, so Lampung was discussed by Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese and so on. As a minority tribe, the Lampung tribe needs to strengthen its cultural identity among the people so that the cultural values of the Lampung tribe are not lost. Piil Pesenggiri is a philosophy of life that has become the cultural identity of the Lampung tribe. The purpose of this study is to explain the principles of Piil Pesenggiri so that its values can be rebuilt. This article was written in the literature study method with a collection of various sources of books, journals and research on the Piil Pesenggiri. The results show four principles of Piil Pesenggiri that need to be revived, namely juluk adek, nemui nyimah, nemui nyapur and sakai sambyan. Cooperation between all parties, namely traditional leaders, community members, academics and the government, is needed to revive the principles of Piil Pesenggiri.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 151-159; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p151-159.2020
The purpose of writing this article is to determine the Gawai culture in shaping the values of solidarity among the Dayak tribal communities in West Kalimantan. This article was prepared using the library research method, namely the method of collecting data by utilizing literature sources and materials. The result of the conclusion is that Gawai is a traditional Dayak ceremony which has become a tradition to this day. The Dayak gawai is one of the traditional ceremonies which is still actively carried out by the Dayak people. The Gawai Dayak traditional ceremony is one of the sources of local history in West Kalimantan. The implementation of the traditional Gawai ceremony aims to ask for safety and gratitude to God for the harvest which is usually done every one year. The traditional Gawai ceremony is held after the main harvest and ends with the traditional ritual of Rising Dango and reciting incantations and prayers or commonly known as Matik which aims to ask for blessings to God or Jubata. The implementation of the traditional gawai ceremony requires the involvement of all Dayak tribal communities to be able to work together in the preparation and implementation. Therefore, gadgets become the media needed to renew the spirit and sense of solidarity between Dayak tribal communities in West Kalimantan. The Gawai Traditional Ceremony is one of the very sacred religious rituals for the Dayak Tribe, therefore the Gawai Traditional ceremony only involves the Dayak Tribe. However, as the times progressed, the government tried to preserve the traditional Gawai ceremony, so that it became a routine tourism agenda in Pontianak City every year.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 160-167; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p160-167.2020
Death is a part of the reality that will come to everyone. It is not a silly reality and it is not the reality that ends one’s life, instead the reality carries oneself to the two-dimensional new life. First, dimension of eternal life that is personally lived by oneself and at the same time related to theology and the religion studies. Second, the dimension of social life among the one’s living family and at the same time related to the realm of customs and culture. By the ethnographic methods, this research is more focused on tracing the practices of death rites to uncover the power of death to revive the community. The results of the research show that the death rites are aimed at the organization for better community to live together. Through the death rites, the relatives are asked to be introspective, open, and ready to reconcile with anyone not only with those who are directly in conflict, but also with all people who are potential for conflict as anticipatory actions.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 226-235; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p226-235.2020
The industrial sector is one of the economic drivers in a region. Meanwhile, the industrial sector development in Bima Region is still poorly managed, especially the center of the Tembe Nggoli weaving industry. Therefore, there is a need for efforts by the NTB provincial government to properly manage it. Local economic development which can be done for the product is by using the industrialization concept. Thus, the purpose of writing this article is to examine the industrialization concept by the NTB provincial government as an effort to develop the local economy. The results showed that industrialization efforts by the NTB provincial government included trainings which are based on skills affirmation, business management, production equipment assistance, capital assistance, and even the value of packaging and marketing coverage workshop. The outcome of the training is to provide an expansion of employment opportunities, increase the quality and production capacity. This article used a literature approach, by examining several journals, books, electronic printed documents, and information relevant to the study. The discussion of the article is divided into several parts, 1) Characteristics of the typical woven pattern of Bima Tembe Nggoli; 2) Industrialization as an effort to develop the local economy; 3) Discussion; and 4) Conclusion.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 264-275; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n2.p264-275.2020
This paper aims to analyze early marriage in the village of Sialang. Early marriage is caused by pregnancy outside of marriage. Early marriage is used as a solution to social problems, one of which is pregnancy out of wedlock. customary, religious and government institutions fail to solve the problem of pregnancy outside of marriage. These three institutions are called tigo tali sapilin. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach. The data collection techniques used were in-depth interviews and observations. The findings of the study indicate that there is a system dysfunction experienced by the tigo sapilin cord. The dysfunction of this system on the other hand also results in irrelevant consequences, namely doro. This phenomenon is analyzed using Robert K. Merton's theory of social system dysfunction