Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-8356 / 2355-5963
Current Publisher: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 183
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 131-141; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p131-141.2020
Diversity is a fact inherent in Indonesia, a country that consists of various ethnic groups, religions, cultures, and customs from Sabang to Merauke. But on the other hand, in many cases, this diversity can also threaten the integrity of Indonesia whose motto is “unity in diversity”. A lot of cultural friction to ethnic and religious conflicts has coloring the dynamics of Indonesian diversity from the Orde Lama era to the present. This is clearly a serious threat to Indonesia’s integrity. Since the Reformation era, the Indonesian government has adopted a multicultural approach to solvemulticultural issues. This paper describes the values of multiculturalism that can be used as a spirit in organizing the social system among a plural society. Education, both formal and informal, constitutes a strategic institution to internalize those values of multiculturalism. The research method uses a literature review, with a hermeneutic approach. The findings of this study, the process of internalizing multicultural values through education involves the environment, actors and schools. The success of the internalization process is determined by the mutual support between knowledge, process and acceptance of the values of multiculturalism.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 142-150; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p142-150.2020
This article is aimed to raising awareness for pluralistic Indonesian. Awareness to be able to appreciate anything about the differences in Indonesia, including those who are from Papua. Indonesia is now has any issues of tolerance. Although there are many public slogans or appelas to be tolerant, in fact not a few cases of intolerant attitudes occur. There are so many cases that lead to racism in Papuans. Ethnocentrism attitude told us how someone from a certain group feels better than another group. This will be linked to the intolerant attitudes to the Indonesian people towards Papuans, and learning study implications of what happened from that situation. The purpose of this article is to build awareness of all Indonesians to reduce their intolerant attitude towards Papuans. This article used the method of literature review. Some of the literature taken is, among others, related to the literacy of tolerance, Papuans culture and some cases of Indonesian intolernace towards Papuans. The results of research through this literature study found that intolerant cases carried out by non-Papuans against Papuans had implications or the attitude of Papuans who became inferior, lacked confident and felt unappreciated.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 29-37; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p29-37.2020
This article is the result of research conducted with the aim to determine the effect of traditional graduation traditions on increasing community motivation in continuing education to tertiary institutions. The Traditional Graduation Tradition is the awarding of a degree given by the Indigenous Institution of 50 Tumbi Lempur Indigenous Peoples to local sons and daughters who have completed a Bachelor, Master, Doctoral degree, or Professor. The awarding of this title is carried out royally every year on the second of Shawwal. This research uses a descriptive qualitative method where data is collected by observation, interview, and documentation study. The results showed that this tradition is still carried out by the community until now because this tradition has grown a very large motivation for every child and parent to be able to continue their education up to college. This motivation arises both from internal and external from the community. One of the external motivations arises because of the pride felt by each family when their children are given a title in front of the entire community of Lekuk 50 Tumbi Lempur. While internal motivation arises, one of which is due to the desire of children to achieve achievements and reach goals so that they can boast of the family.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 90-101; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p90-101.2020
Paloh is an unseen tribe in the City of Truth or a place where Bunians are believed to have supernatural powers up to now from Kalimantan and its surroundings. The purpose of this study is to describe the Paloh community's belief in the existence of the City of Truth inhabited by subtle people, which isinvisible to the presence of the City of Truth. However, in the eyes of the mind, Paloh is a city for magical creatures that are more beautiful, majestic, luxurious, complete facilities and infrastructure compared to West Kalimantan. To obtain the required data, a series of Paloh community interviews, field observations and documentation have been successfully carried out. The results of this study include that the Paloh people who are still thick with sacred values believe that the Paloh area is the City of Truth. So that the Paloh community still applies restrictions and prohibitions that cannot be violated by anyone who comes to the Paloh forest. If there are people who violate restrictions and prohibitions, then they will receive the consequences in the form of illness, mental disorders such as crazy, stress and even to death. Therefore, Paloh is called the Truth Person, because if they come there with no good intentions, they will be warned by the Bunian people. On this basis, so that now Paloh is still known as the City of Prohibition for those who are intended to do wrong and evil.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 19-28; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p19-28.2020
This article aims to analyze the appreciation of women in the Pinamou ritual as an initiation ritual for women. The method used is a qualitative research method, with data acquisition through observation, interviews, audio-visual material, and literature studies. The study found in Pinamou ritual has an appreciation for the women who see in mythology about women. Then, it shows the figure of women as the successors of the life of a community and also as a source of blessing for both personal and community living in the community. The Pinamou ritual also has an affirmation of the initiation ritual that must carry out to reach the customary order in the community and become a place to look back at every meaning in the ritual performed.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 121-130; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p121-130.2020
This article discusses the marriage system that occurred in the Lampung Saibatin community. This study examines how the marriage system change based on their own needed. This study was an ethnography research that would be described qualitatively, this is intended because the concern of the research is the way of life of the Lampung Saibatin community. The results showed that the Lampung Saibatin marriage in the 1970s underwent a change from a very strong Bujujogh with patrilineal to a Semanda marriage system. Lampung Saibatin community develops a new marriage system using Semanda which is an influence of the Minangkabau people, this is done by Lampung Saibatin people because they are reluctant to be called a failed family or ”mupus”. This study sees that the changes that occur due to two vital elements are that emerge from within the Saibatin community itself which includes privilege and economy. Meanwhile, external factors are new cultures that come from other people, get a better education and government policy.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 102-111; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p102-111.2020
The plurality of Indonesian, beside of becoming a property, also becoming a boomerang for the unity of a nation. The conflict that arises will not resolve if they are left casually. The disputes can be overcome and avoided if the society can build positive social interaction among fellow. Therefore, in facing conflicts, it is necessary to realize that an ethnic group is not a social group that must be considered by, however, a local knowledge that is store in a culture of ethnic groups. This research aims to determine the social interaction of South Sulawesi’s communities, namely the ethnic of Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, and Toraja. Those four ethnics have had cultural characteristics that have been being a customs and philosophies of their lives because they have normative elements values that can bind their members. This research is compiled through a literature study in which the data obtained from various books and journals. The result reveals that the ethnics of South Sulawesi have been building social interaction based on the culture of Siri’ Na Pacce and Sipakatau, which are the main foundation in building positive communication among fellow. Those cultures must be well implemented and maintained in building social interaction.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 48-59; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p48-59.2020
There are seven groups of unofficial religions (penghayat kepercayaan) in Pekalongan District. The issuance of Constitutional Court (MK) decision No. 97/ PUU-XIV/2016 did not automatically fulfill their civil rights. There were various obstacles to implement the constitutional court decision. Therefore, this study specifically aimed to review their existence and the fulfillment of their civil rights after the Constitutional Court's decision. With a qualitative approach, and descriptive and literature methods, this study found that the social access of penghayat kepercayaan, such as the inclusion of their beliefs in the religion part of the Identity Card ("KTP"), the availability of penghayat kepercayaan teachers at school, or marriage registration, was yet to be fulfilled. The main obstacles were caused by the inadequate data collection of the penghayat kepercayaan population. Another obstacle was that, although the acceptance of the rest of the community towards the penghayat kepercayaan communities was quite good, the penghayat kepercayaan communities were still concern about them. Past discrimination seems to be main factor. For this reason, responsive works of the Pekalongan District Government are urgently needed to validate the data of penghayat kepercayaan communities and facilitate the social interactions across different communities to nurture a harmonious life in the district.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 38-47; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p38-47.2020
Indonesia is a multicultural and diverse nation. one form of diversity in Indonesia is the issue of religion. Diversity in terms of religion can trigger conflict, which can damage Indonesia's culture which is so tolerant among fellow religious communities. Indonesia has the values of local wisdom that form the basis for the creation of religious harmony must be maintained and preserved. This study used a qualitative approach to the type of case study research. This research aims to determine the harmony of religious community trough local wisdom. The results showed that religious harmony in the perspective of local wisdom in the city of Kupang through: Nusi (cooperation). Butukila (bond and hold a sense of brotherhood. Suki Toka Apa (supporting and helping each other. Muki Nena (a sense of belonging and belonging)) This philosophy is a guideliness for the people in Kupang, namely "Lil Au Zero Dael Banan" that in building and maintaining the City Kupang for the better is the duty of all citizens regardless of religion, ethnicity or race.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 10-18; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p10-18.2020
Bima has many traditions and local wisdom that should continuously preserve, one of which is the traditional ceremonies of Hanta Ua Pua. This tradition is one of the Bima conventional ceremonies in the context of enlivening the birthday of the great prophet Muhammad. The purpose of writing this article is to find out the implementation and values contained in the Hanta Ua Pua traditional ceremonial religious tradition as an effort to preserve Islamic culture in Bima. This article prepares using the method of library research, which is a method of data collection that is carriers out by utilizing the sources and materials of the library. The results and conclusions obtained are the traditional ceremonies of the Hanta Ua Pua ceremony, which are a memorial and a tribute event to the teachings of Islam and scholars. Done since the Sultanate of Bima. The values in this ceremony divide into three, namely social values, spiritual values, and educational values. The Hanta Ua Pua traditional ceremonies are evidence of the entrance and development of Islamic culture in Bima, which is expected to grow and develop the character of the Bima people who can continue to hold fast to Islamic teachings. However, along with the times, the ceremony began to fade in Bima.