Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1410-8356 / 2355-5963
Published by: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 242
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Latest articles in this journal

Rifa'i Rifa'I, Ayu Wijayanti, Hafri Yuliani
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 100-108; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p100-108.2022

This study aims to analyze the interaction between ethnic groups and changes in the family structure of the Minangkabau, Javanese, and local ethnic groups in Bengkulu City. This research uses a qualitative approach with an analytical descriptive method. The results of the study explain that: First, the interaction pattern carried out by each ethnic Javanese, Minang and local ethnic is an associative interaction, where the interaction that arises is the self-awareness of each ethnicity of the importance of the meaning of life interacting without having to contradict even though different ethnicity or ethnicity they come from. In fact, in the local people's life, even though they live side by side with multi-ethnic groups, there has never been friction or inter-ethnic conflict. Second, in the Minang ethnic there is a trend to change the kinship system from matrilineal to bilateral kinship system, asresult there is also a shift in the role of the powerful and responsible from uncle to father who is in charge and responsible for the family. Thirdly, in Javanese, no fundamental change finding, but the change lies only in the calling of everyone in the family.
Kristina Roseven Nababan
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 42-50; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p42-50.2022

Education has the potential to increase human resources. In this case, students from Papua are attempting to improve their quality of life by furthering their education in the Java city of Salatiga. However, efforts to continue education were hampered by social discrimination, particularly in selecting a house in Salatiga. This paper aims to identify Papuan student stereotypes that lead to the boarding house. This study uses qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach, with primary data gathered through interviews and observations of Papuan and West Papuan students, and secondary data collected through library research. The findings revealed four stereotypes that contributed to Papuan students' rejection in Salatiga. Both Papuan students and Salatiga people contribute to these stereotypes through a lack of recognition, communication, language, and cultural adaptation. Prejudice, as well as structural and cultural violence, result from this. As a result, stakeholders must actively participate in conflict resolution efforts through peacebuilding and peacemaking.
Yulianingsih Yulianingsih, Erna Herawati
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 90-99; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p90-99.2022

People in West Java uphold harmony and peace as an important part of their worldview. Yet, violence against women continues to occur, including in rural areas. This qualitative research using a case study design was conducted to explore and describe the cases of violence against women and the factors contributing to the case in Desa Selaras, a small village in rural West Java. The data were collected through observation and in-depth interviews with female violence survivors and NGO activists who assist them; as well as archival and literature studies. The findings of this research suggest the various types of violence against women, such as psychological violence (polygamy), physical violence (persecution), economic violence (economic exploitation and financial neglect), and sexual violence. Among the factors contributing to the violence in the village were gender inequality, financial problems, lack of knowledge and passive attitudes towards violence among the survivors, cultural values about women, lack of communication in the family, and male personality.
Mangihut Siregar
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 81-89; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p81-89.2022

Kinship is essential for the Toba Batak tribe. To maintain kinship, good relations between those who live in the area of origin and those who live in the overseas (urban) areas are always maintained. This sound kinship brings traditions from the area of origin to the overseas area. One of the exciting traditions to study is the Bona Taon.This tradition has long been lost in the area of origin but is increasingly existent in urban areas. The Bona Taon tradition was lost because of the prohibition by the Dutch colonialists. This study examines the Bona Taon tradition of urban-plan models using globalization theory and hypersemiotic theory. The results show that the Bona Taon tradition carried out by the Batak tribe in urban areas aims to strengthen kinship relationships that are full of images. In practice, this tradition has changed from what was originally sacred to only entertainment.
Muhammad Agus Noorbani, Halimatusa'Diah Halimatusa'Diah
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 51-59; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p51-59.2022

This paper presents the results of research on the Betawi Christian community in Kampung Sawah, Kota Bekasi. Based on interviews and literature study, this paper aims to analyze the dynamics of the identity of the people of Kampung Sawah and the acceptance of the Betawi Muslims towards them. The results of this study found that the Betawi identity continues to develop alongside the development of the residential area of this ethnic community and the flow of migration. The widespread motivation of scholars regarding the origins of the emergence of this ethnic group shows that this ethnic group is difficult to define as a result of the wide interaction between ethnic members and other ethnic groups. Because the identity of the Betawi is something that is fluid, the Betawi Christian of Kampung Sawah community can also be referred to as a part of the Betawi community. They shared Betawi identity and culture with other members of Betawi community as general.
Suraya Afiff
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 109-118; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p109-118.2022

Climate change could cause devastating impacts on Indonesia. The sea-level rise triggered by anthropogenic climate change, for example, will be affecting coastal infrastructure since Indonesia is ranked as the second country with the longest coastline in the world. Moreover, more than 100 million people (or about sixty percent of the total population in Indonesia) who live along Indonesia's coastline area would also be affected by sea-level rise. It is obviously clear the significance of social, cultural, political, and economic dimensions of climate change problems. Therefore, for anthropology, climate change should be one of the important research subjects that need our attention. And yet, anthropological study on climate change is still limited in Indonesia. My intention is to explore the theoretical approach that Indonesian anthropologists used to study climate change issues. Based on the number of existing studies, Indonesian scholars tend to use cultural ecology and cultural interpretation as the common theoretical approach in their study of the subject. Meanwhile, the critical anthropology perspective has been the least known perspective used by scholars in Indonesia. For this reason, my objective is to introduce political ecology as part of the critical anthropology approach as the theoretical option available in the study of climate change issues. Based on the literature study, I provide a brief introduction to the emergence of the political ecology approach in the study of human-environment interrelationship and how climate change problems were viewed from the political ecology perspective. The article also discusses possible research questions and issues that could be generated using the political ecology framework. 
Alfi Husni, Sri Ambar Rinah, Endri Bagus Prastiyo
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 128-136; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p128-136.2022

The Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia has had an impact on the current order of human life, so there must be a strengthening of the family by referring to the seven functions of the family. The problem in this study is that there is an influence of the COVID-19 pandemic situation on the order of family life, one of which is from family income, so this is important given the economic function in a family, and of course other family functions will also be affected. Tanjungpinang City is one of the cities that has a pluralistic society, this is certainly an interesting study considering that Tanjungpinang City, which is located on Bintan Island, is the capital of the Riau Archipelago Province. The purpose of this study was to see the strengthening of family functions during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Tanjungpinang Timur sub-district, Tanjungpinang City, Riau Islands. The method used in this research is a qualitative descriptive approach. The technique used to collect data is in-depth interviews and field observations. Informants were taken using a purposive sampling technique, where the informants to be interviewed were families who were directly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as family members who were laid off, affected by the business they were in and other problems in the family that arose during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of this study are that there is a strengthening of family functions during the COVID-19 pandemic in Tanjungpinang City, especially for the research area, namely East Tanjungpinang sub-district.
, I Putu Sudana
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 70-80; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p70-80.2022

This study tries to examine the management model of Kawasan Luar Pura Uluwatu Tourist attraction in Pecatu Village, Bali, one of the popular tourist attractions and is considered to have implications that lead to increasing economic welfare, cultural and environmental sustainability. The purpose of this research is to formulate a tourism attraction management model based on Tri Hita Karana as an alternative model for sustainable tourism development. This research was conducted using an ethnographic approach as a variant of the qualitative approach. Data was collected by using interviews, observation, literature, and document inspection techniques. The findings of this study state that the Tri Hita Karana-based tourist attraction management model makes the three environmental aspects (spiritual, social, and physical) objects as well as subjects of tourism development. In their position as objects, aspects of parhyangan, pawongan, and palemahan function as potential tourist attractions. On the other hand, as a subject, the values of Tri Hita Karana serve as a reference as well as control tourism development policies. This model carries a number of implications in the form of increasing economic welfare, and cultural and environmental sustainability in a sustainable manner.
Inggi Miya Febty, Zuly Qodir
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 10-17; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p10-17.2022

The purpose of this study is to find out what types of racism are experienced by TikTok users who have an account named @mingokwamkilama16. This research is to find out what racist words are expressed by TikTok users. Besides that, it also wants to find out what types of racism are happening. This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach to analyze social media data, namely with NVivo 12Plus to analyze TikTok social media content and data. The data is taken from the TikTok account @mingokwamkilama16, consists of 5 contents, and gets data of 50 discriminatory comments. The results show that the Papuan tribe often experiences acts of racism when using social media, such as creating content on the Tiktok application, and creating an @mingokwamkilama16 account, which is often discriminated against by other Tiktok users. Of the three indicators studied, the most dominant is discrimination on race, which reaches 70% of the data. This shows that racial discrimination is prevalent, this attitude can make account users feel hurt, and many are physically disturbed. Papuan people are also part of Indonesia, but Indonesian people are also racist toward them. There are still many Tiktok users who lack education about Indonesian races.
Febby Febriyandi Ys
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 24, pp 60-69; https://doi.org/10.25077/jantro.v24.n1.p60-69.2022

Senjang is a Malay musical art found in the provinces of South Sumatra and Jambi. In South Sumatra, the existence of Senjang is well maintained. This condition is achieved by combining Senjang with modern musical instruments. On the other hand, Senjang in Jambi has been in decline since the 1990s. The artists have made various conservation efforts to no avail, and Senjang in Jambi remains under threat of extinction. This article aims to answer the question of why the efforts to preserve Senjang for more than 20 years have not succeeded in making Senjang popular in Jambi. Through qualitative research I found that the decline of senjang in Jambi was caused by changes in people's livelihoods that changed the pattern of work organization in agriculture; changes in interest in music; and changes in social customs. However, what is important to note is that the traditional cultural preservation program that was planned by the local government to build local cultural identity, which should support the preservation of Senjang, has turned out to be an obstacle to the preservation of Senjang. This is due to a misunderstanding about the preservation of traditional culture.
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