Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya
ISSN / EISSN : 14108356 / 23555963
Current Publisher: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 183
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 121-130; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p121-130.2020
This article discusses the marriage system that occurred in the Lampung Saibatin community. This study examines how the marriage system change based on their own needed. This study was an ethnography research that would be described qualitatively, this is intended because the concern of the research is the way of life of the Lampung Saibatin community. The results showed that the Lampung Saibatin marriage in the 1970s underwent a change from a very strong Bujujogh with patrilineal to a Semanda marriage system. Lampung Saibatin community develops a new marriage system using Semanda which is an influence of the Minangkabau people, this is done by Lampung Saibatin people because they are reluctant to be called a failed family or ”mupus”. This study sees that the changes that occur due to two vital elements are that emerge from within the Saibatin community itself which includes privilege and economy. Meanwhile, external factors are new cultures that come from other people, get a better education and government policy.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 70-80; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p70-80.2020
This article analysis about Teong Negeri has folklore centrality of community local name of Muslim-Christian socio-cultural network in Maluku. This study is qualitative research. Data were collected through interviews, documentary studies an observation. Methods analysis employed was descriptive qualitative. In the folklore of the village Wassu of Erihatu Samasuru (Christian), it has pela of the village of Haya Nakajarimau (Muslim) which means leader (older brother) for his three brothers, the village of Hatu Silalou (Christian) and the village of Tehua Lounusa Amalatu (Muslim). Communal narratives bind and become a link to give spirit to identity because society listens to local stories about Teong Negeri that have strong meanings, believing in each other. The four villages, in central Maluku, which are Wassu, Haya, Hatu, and Tehua, use the Teong Negeri symbol as an identity to maintain relations of kinship bond. The network that was built was challenged when the religious communal conflict happened, but the spirit towards the culture was always unheld. Teong Negeri became a symbol of central identity towards the traditional village that was able to regulate the socio-cultural system of every village in Maluku. not only for every community that has a bond of brotherhood or ethnicity. However, it becomes a universal symbol when, as a socio-cultural capital that is able to bridge the community from outside (buton migrants) based on cross-generation dialogue carried out by early generations of indigenous Maluku people with Buton migrants (migrants) in Maluku in order to have knowledge about the relationship harmonious.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 131-141; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p131-141.2020
Diversity is a fact inherent in Indonesia, a country that consists of various ethnic groups, religions, cultures, and customs from Sabang to Merauke. But on the other hand, in many cases, this diversity can also threaten the integrity of Indonesia whose motto is “unity in diversity”. A lot of cultural friction to ethnic and religious conflicts has coloring the dynamics of Indonesian diversity from the Orde Lama era to the present. This is clearly a serious threat to Indonesia’s integrity. Since the Reformation era, the Indonesian government has adopted a multicultural approach to solvemulticultural issues. This paper describes the values of multiculturalism that can be used as a spirit in organizing the social system among a plural society. Education, both formal and informal, constitutes a strategic institution to internalize those values of multiculturalism. The research method uses a literature review, with a hermeneutic approach. The findings of this study, the process of internalizing multicultural values through education involves the environment, actors and schools. The success of the internalization process is determined by the mutual support between knowledge, process and acceptance of the values of multiculturalism.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 102-111; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p102-111.2020
The plurality of Indonesian, beside of becoming a property, also becoming a boomerang for the unity of a nation. The conflict that arises will not resolve if they are left casually. The disputes can be overcome and avoided if the society can build positive social interaction among fellow. Therefore, in facing conflicts, it is necessary to realize that an ethnic group is not a social group that must be considered by, however, a local knowledge that is store in a culture of ethnic groups. This research aims to determine the social interaction of South Sulawesi’s communities, namely the ethnic of Bugis, Makassar, Mandar, and Toraja. Those four ethnics have had cultural characteristics that have been being a customs and philosophies of their lives because they have normative elements values that can bind their members. This research is compiled through a literature study in which the data obtained from various books and journals. The result reveals that the ethnics of South Sulawesi have been building social interaction based on the culture of Siri’ Na Pacce and Sipakatau, which are the main foundation in building positive communication among fellow. Those cultures must be well implemented and maintained in building social interaction.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 48-59; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p48-59.2020
There are seven groups of unofficial religions (penghayat kepercayaan) in Pekalongan District. The issuance of Constitutional Court (MK) decision No. 97/ PUU-XIV/2016 did not automatically fulfill their civil rights. There were various obstacles to implement the constitutional court decision. Therefore, this study specifically aimed to review their existence and the fulfillment of their civil rights after the Constitutional Court's decision. With a qualitative approach, and descriptive and literature methods, this study found that the social access of penghayat kepercayaan, such as the inclusion of their beliefs in the religion part of the Identity Card ("KTP"), the availability of penghayat kepercayaan teachers at school, or marriage registration, was yet to be fulfilled. The main obstacles were caused by the inadequate data collection of the penghayat kepercayaan population. Another obstacle was that, although the acceptance of the rest of the community towards the penghayat kepercayaan communities was quite good, the penghayat kepercayaan communities were still concern about them. Past discrimination seems to be main factor. For this reason, responsive works of the Pekalongan District Government are urgently needed to validate the data of penghayat kepercayaan communities and facilitate the social interactions across different communities to nurture a harmonious life in the district.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 112-120; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p112-120.2020
This article is a study of the process of the rise of Riau Malay Identity Politics when it was previously marginalized in the New Order era. The purpose of this article is to look at the stages in the formation of identity politics in restoring the glory of Malay culture in Riau province. This research is descriptive-explorative library research that explains and explores ideas about Riau Malay identity politics by answering questions in problems identified based on reading results and data interpretation related to the research theme. The results showed that after the reforms, the political elite of the Riau Province government tried to strengthen Malay identity with a variety of policies that were disseminated. Then, the negative views that were often directed towards ethnic Malay in the past, were rectified again by giving Islamic values to all the lives of the Malay people. Furthermore, the Local Government and the Riau Malay Customary Institution try to re-socialize the importance of the use of Malay as the origin of Indonesian.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 38-47; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p38-47.2020
Indonesia is a multicultural and diverse nation. one form of diversity in Indonesia is the issue of religion. Diversity in terms of religion can trigger conflict, which can damage Indonesia's culture which is so tolerant among fellow religious communities. Indonesia has the values of local wisdom that form the basis for the creation of religious harmony must be maintained and preserved. This study used a qualitative approach to the type of case study research. This research aims to determine the harmony of religious community trough local wisdom. The results showed that religious harmony in the perspective of local wisdom in the city of Kupang through: Nusi (cooperation). Butukila (bond and hold a sense of brotherhood. Suki Toka Apa (supporting and helping each other. Muki Nena (a sense of belonging and belonging)) This philosophy is a guideliness for the people in Kupang, namely "Lil Au Zero Dael Banan" that in building and maintaining the City Kupang for the better is the duty of all citizens regardless of religion, ethnicity or race.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 1-9; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p1-9.2020
This article aims to analyze the relationship between state and illegality which taking place at the center, namely in Jakarta. The study becomes significant for examining how mechanisms and relations of non-state and state actors occur. Many ethnographic studies of illegal activities, such as gold mining, logging, and fishing show that such businesses take place on the periphery or border where the state has weak control over such places. Data is conducted by literature study and short field observations.Our case studies of illegal trade in the bird market in Jakarta will question the Weberian perspective which defines the state as a legal and rational institution that will always enforce control in its territory. In this article, we consider the state as a relational arena where it is possible for various actors, both non-state and state actors, to participate in illegal activities through contestations or collaboration to achieve their respective interests or goals.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 10-18; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p10-18.2020
Bima has many traditions and local wisdom that should continuously preserve, one of which is the traditional ceremonies of Hanta Ua Pua. This tradition is one of the Bima conventional ceremonies in the context of enlivening the birthday of the great prophet Muhammad. The purpose of writing this article is to find out the implementation and values contained in the Hanta Ua Pua traditional ceremonial religious tradition as an effort to preserve Islamic culture in Bima. This article prepares using the method of library research, which is a method of data collection that is carriers out by utilizing the sources and materials of the library. The results and conclusions obtained are the traditional ceremonies of the Hanta Ua Pua ceremony, which are a memorial and a tribute event to the teachings of Islam and scholars. Done since the Sultanate of Bima. The values in this ceremony divide into three, namely social values, spiritual values, and educational values. The Hanta Ua Pua traditional ceremonies are evidence of the entrance and development of Islamic culture in Bima, which is expected to grow and develop the character of the Bima people who can continue to hold fast to Islamic teachings. However, along with the times, the ceremony began to fade in Bima.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 22, pp 60-69; doi:10.25077/jantro.v22.n1.p60-69.2020
The purpose of writing this article is to find out the traditional marriage culture of pepadun in North Lampung as a legacy from the ancestors of pepadun. Therefore there is a need for cultural preservation that makes the hallmark of pepadun traditional marriages in North Lampung. This article was compiled using the library research method, which is a method of data collection which is carried out by utilizing sources and library materials. The results obtained were the culture of pepadun marriage in North Lampung, the cultural heritage of the people of North Lampung, which had existed since the early traditional wedding ceremonies. In the wedding there is a meeting of the bride and groom's family, a meeting of the indigenous tribes of pepadun, a procession of marriage in the wedding, and there is a release dance for the bride and groom, and there is a dance that will invite the bride and groom to dance in the evening. fund. The pepadun community has never let go of the culture of marriage that had been passed down by previous ancestors. The conclusion of this research is the culture of customary marriage of pepadun into a marriage culture that cannot be abandoned by the pepadun community, especially in North Lampung.