Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya
ISSN / EISSN : 14108356 / 23555963
Current Publisher: Universitas Andalas (10.25077)
Total articles ≅ 168
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 245-253; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p245-253.2019
Abstract:The research location is in Bungin Village, Pantai Bakti Village, where the issue is related to the conditions of coastal areas and brings up the program initiation. The research method was carried out with qualitative methods through in-depth interviews and participant observant. This thesis shows that in responding to the initiating improvements program in coastal areas, coastal communities are often faced with the social dynamics of the community itself. The response gap of the actors is influenced by social relations namely, 1) relations based on patron-client, 2) relations based on blood relations, and 3) relations based on emotional relationships, and two economic motives, namely 1) economic motives based on personal gain, and 2) economic motives which are based on basic needs. This thesis also enriches the study of the response of the fishing community through the approach of actor and network analysis. This approach is more relevant in looking at the response to the initiation of improving coastal areas through forms of actions, relationships, roles and motives of actors who are part of coastal communities.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 150-158; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p150-158.2019
Abstract:This article is the result of research on how Hindus and Muslims in Tabuan hill, Karangasem could live side by side in harmony. They showed it by becoming pengempon at Bhur Bwah Swah temple. Unlike in general, Muslims also take part in concurrently as pengempon. They actively maintain and carry out the ceremony every six months. The strong will of Muslims to be involved cannot be separated from their historical awareness of the past when they were welcomed and placed in Islamic villages by the king of Karangasem Kingdom. Furthermore, rites are a tool for them to re-dialogue past history to fulfill their needs. It is further used as guides of both religious people to maintain social solidarity. Symbolically, Muslims feel to be an inseparable part of the lives of Hindus since there is a santren in Bhur Bwah Swah temple. It is a sort of place where they perform prayers and celebrate saparan day every year. This research was conducted with a qualitative approach through an interview, observation, and document study techniques and utilize practice theory, precisely concerning the habitus developed by Pierre Bourdieu.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 194-201; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p194-201.2019
Abstract:This article is about nurses who continue their education to universities it required by law no. 38 of 2014 of Nursing to continue to level SI (university graduate). According to by law declared a nursing graduate Sekolah Perawat Kesehatan (SPK) who did not continue their study, will be a nursing assistant or administrative personnel. However, they do not get the task of study and only get the permission of studying and this keeps them working when they have to follow the SI education program. As a mother, worker, and student, nurses have three roles, the busy of these three roles need to be bridged to align themselves as a social being that connected to the community environment. The research question is what is the solution undertaken by students who work as nurses to save the role of the community? This article will show that Minang women who continue their education and work as nurses trying to save their role in their community at the time they are busy.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 211-217; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p211-217.2019
Abstract:Bima people are known to be very religious, one of them being the Bima women who always cover their genitals. One of the well-known covers of genitalia in Bima is to use a Sarong, called the Rimpu. The purpose of this study wants to know the Rimpu culture as the existence of Islamic women in the land of Bima. This article compiled using the library research method. The results provided are Rimpu is genital cover clothes made of Sarong. The Rimpu has been in Bima since the first time Islam entered and applied to the sultanate in the land of Bima. The Rimpu divided into two types, namely regular Rimpu and Mpida Rimpu. The usual Rimpu split into two, namely Rimpu Colo and Rimpu Cili. The Rimpu Mpida divided into three kinds of Rimpu, namely, Rimpu Mpida, Rimpu Gala And Rimpu Cili. The Rimpu has multiple functions in addressing the times, as a religious identity, distinctive characteristics of Bima culture, and protector of women in interacting with the opposite sex. Nowadays, the government is trying to preserve it by holding a cultural parade every year.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 159-167; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p159-167.2019
Abstract:The decreased number of traditional earthenware craftsmen occurs due to three main factors: basic material, worker, and consumer. Some craftsmen instead prefer staying so that they should adapt to the existing condition. Nevertheless, in fact, some of them prefer stopping from being craftsmen now. Departing from this reality, the author tried to raise earthenware craftsmen’s adapting strategy to survive until today. The author employed a qualitative method. The phenomenological research was chosen with interview and observation being the techniques of collecting data. The result of research generally showed a variety of products produced aiming to document cultural heritage threatened to be extinct. Meanwhile, as the analysis technique, the author borrowed Julian Steward’s cultural-ecological perspective to explain the data found. Data analysis was conducted using an interactive technique of analysis. Considering the findings of the research, the craftsmen took a different surviving strategy today compared with that in the past. This change was effected by such constraints as basic material, consumer, and human resources. Julian Steward’s cultural-ecological concept seemed to be insufficient. Therefore, natural resources as the main basic material of industrial society should be understood more complexly to a more macro level.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 202-210; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p202-210.2019
Abstract:Socio-cultural changes in the world of social media always occur because of the support of sophisticated technology that occurs to this day. One of them is the use of Instagram for millennials, including in Padang. This research is to find out how social change is and the impact that occurs on students in Padang in using Instagram. This research was conducted in Padang, using a case study approach by conducting in-depth interviews with 25 students who were active in using Instagram with a daily usage frequency of more than 12 to 24 hours. The results showed that the use of Instagram had an impact on the emergence of social and cultural changes for students in Padang. First, they do not hesitate to share excessively in self-disclosure in cyberspace. This culture certainly arises because of the presence of Instagram as one of the social media that can be accessed by anyone. Second, students are not able to provide boundaries between private space and public space, so Instagram currently also has an influence as a channel or medium in complementing relationships among themselves, and at the same time Instagram is part of the lifestyle chosen by students when communicating using sophisticated technology.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 185-193; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p185-193.2019
Abstract:Gunung Padang Site in Cianjur is a cone-shaped hill area filled with relics of the Megalithic era in the form of stone objects. Punden terraces – a place for the worship of ancestral spirits – has become a hallmark and an important cultural heritage as a part of the distinctive characteristics of the indigenous culture in Nusantara. This study aims to communicate the cultural message of the punden terraces through the visual strategy of photography with the landscape genre, the art of photography that explores the beauty of nature and sharpens the landscape. Quantitatively, this study conducted a survey to find out the attraction of the photo objects. The result showed that the majority of respondents considered the scenery on the Gunung Padang Site to be more interesting than the stone objects and the daily life of surrounding communities. Whereas qualitatively, this study discusses the elements of visual strategy using the theory of photography with visual communication semiotic approach, especially in terms of the shot sizes and the framing of visual space. Punden terraces' photographs in landscape photography are able to communicate cultural messages about human activity in the past. This, in turn, will contribute to enriching scientific references of visual communication design
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 177-184; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p177-184.2019
Abstract:In the election, the conflict will always exist. Whether it is a conflict between the election participants, between the participants and the election organizers or among the election organizers itself. The purpose of this research is to analyze the contribution of the Election Conflict Regulation on handling the election conflict in Sijunjung Regency and to analyze the response of the conflicting parties to the usage of the Election Conflict Regulation in Sijunjung District. This research used a qualitative approach with a case study plan. To see this problem, the researcher used Ralf Dahrendorf's Conflict Theory of Regulation which explains that conflict regulation can affect the high and low escalation of conflicts that occurred. The results showed that in the resolution of conflicts that had occurred both in the 2015 Regional Heads Election conflict or the conflict during the preparation of the 2019 General Election, researcher found that the General Election Conflict Regulation played a role / contributed in resolving the conflicts, where the conflicts could be controlled and resolved properly without any increase in violence. This was proven by the conflicting parties that accepted the decision given by the authorities in its settlement plus there were no other conflicting actors involved in the conflict.
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 236-244; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p236-244.2019
Abstract:The similarity of identity such as religion and ethnicity as a primordial aspect becomes a preference in choosing a leader not based on their capability. In the election of the Governor of North Sumatra in 2018, identity politics tended to strengthen in Muslim voters, especially in terms of religion, indigenous issues and natives. This practics of identity politics resulted in a victory for the couple Edy Rahmayadi-Musa Rajeckshah (Islam-Islam). The main question in this study is why identity politics is still relevant to be used by Muslim voters in the Election of Governor of North Sumatra in 2018. The study was conducted with a qualitative descriptive method, in which all data were collected through library studies and internet searching. This study concludes that Muslim voters see identity politics still relevant to use in choosing leaders because they consider Muslims have to be led by leaders who care about Islam. This understanding emerged from previous experiences in DKI Jakarta, namely the Al Maidah 51 incident by Ahok and discriminatory practices against Muslims when led by the non-Muslims and the Muslims who did not care about Islam in various regions in Indonesia
Jurnal Antropologi: Isu-Isu Sosial Budaya, Volume 21, pp 218-226; doi:10.25077/jantro.v21.n2.p218-226.2019
Abstract:Media literacy in the digital era has become important. Various layers of society need to understand the importance of digital media literacy. Research subjects were housewives in the Sleman area of Yogyakarta. Research subjects so far have not understood how to intelligently consume media. Media content worries that most of them are negative which can anesthetize the audience. The biggest content from media is entertainment. The media prioritizes entertainment programs that pay less attention to the ethics and norms of society. They don't care about the negative impact of the content displayed. Thus it is necessary to cultivate the media literacy movement for housewives. The method used is content analysis, literature study, in-depth interviews, observation, and FGD. The results of the study show that housewives after being given training, socialization, and FGD on digital media literacy became aware of the importance of digital media literacy. Then they continuously convey to the family and the environment where they are. On several occasions, PKK meetings, the Qur’an recitation group, socialized the importance of digital media literacy. Finally, this digital media literacy becomes a culture especially in Maguwoharjo Village, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta. This village is a pilot village of digital media literacy culture for the surrounding environment, especially the Sleman Regency Yogyakarta.