International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-7489 / 2394-7497
Published by: AkiNik Publications (10.22271)
Total articles ≅ 529
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Ayana Shalimon, R Ravichandran, Harsha Kumar K, Vivek V Nair
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 146-149; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2c.1501

Abstract:
Implant dentistry has been a promising branch offering functional and esthetic replacement of missing tooth or teeth. Post extraction soft and hard tissue loss has a negative impact on implant positioning and its overall esthetic outcomes especially when it comes to esthetic zones such as maxillary anterior teeth. Inorder to combat these effects arising from extraction, socket shield technique has been introduced. The technique involves retention of buccal fragment of root and careful removal of palatal half of root followed by immediate implant placement. Several approaches have been described in the literature to preserve the ridge like the hard and soft tissue augmentation with GBR, bone substitutes but socket shield technique proves to be cost effective and minimally invasive. The principal, classification, surgical aspects, indications and contraindications, modification of socket shield technique shall be discussed in this review article.
Julio Cesar Gomez Garcia, Norma Cruz Fierro, Lizeth Edith Quintanilla Rodriguez, Feliciano Chavez Gonzalez, Rosa Elia Arias Gomez, Irene Meester, Maria Fernanda De Leon Gomez, Juan Manuel Solis Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 222-226; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2d.1512

Abstract:
Introduction: In recent years, different implant-abutment connections have been developed to achieve greater longevity, improving mechanical and biological failures in implant treatments. Objective: To analyze the types of connections that are external, internal and Morse cone, and evaluate their biomechanics, the impact they have on the alveolar bone and microbial contamination. Methodology: PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Scholar databases were reviwed to find recent articles published on implant-abutment connections with the following keywords
Mariana Lizeth Elizondo Alvarado, Alfonso Castañeda Martinez, Carlos Benitez Valle, Claudio Cabral-Romero, Rene Hernandez-Delgadillo, Irene Meester, Daniela Montserrat Reyes Cardona, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 217-221; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2d.1511

Abstract:
Introduction: Regenerative endodontics has been defined as
Myrthala De La Garza Aguiñaga, Fanny Lopez Martinez, Myriam Angelica De La Garza Ramos, Hilda Lourdes Muñuzuri Arana, Luis Martin Vargas Zuñiga, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda, Andrea Elisa Delgado Alcala, Juan Manuel Solis Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 155-159; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2c.1505

Abstract:
Introduction: Sjogren's syndrome has been described as an inflammatory disease of the salivary and lacrimal glands characterized by typical dry mouth symptoms, dry eyes and lymphocytic infiltration of the glandular tissues. Objective: To analyze the literature on the characteristics of Sjogren's syndrome regarding its prevalence, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Methodology: Current literature review was carried out using the following databases: Pubmed and SCOPUS. The keywords used were
Mariana Garza Garza, Rosa Isela Sanchez Najera, Enrique Nieto Ramírez, Maria Teresa Perez Quintero, Sonia Lilia Aguilar Dominguez, Edith Lopez Ramirez, Montserrat Ruiz Paz, Juan Manuel Solis Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 176-180; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2c.1507

Abstract:
Introduction: Conscious sedation is a technique of administering sedatives or dissociative agents with or without analgesics to induce a state that allows the patient to tolerate unpleasant procedures. Objective: To analyze the literature on the types of sedation and the different drugs that can be used such as midazolam, dexmedetomidine, propofol, and nitrous oxide. Methodology: A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Scholar using keywords such as sedation, pediatric dentistry, midazolam, dexmedetomidine, propofol, nitrous oxide. Results: The types of sedation are minimal, moderate, and general anesthesia, these are important in order to provide the best option according to the patient's age, condition and level of anxiety. Oral midazolam is usually used as a premedication causing good behavior, patient cooperation and decreased anxiety. Dexmedetomidine has anxiolytic, analgesic effects and little postoperative agitation. Propofol has a fast effect, short duration and fast elimination helping dentists to carry out dental treatments; as well as nitrous oxide, these two are preferred by parents. Conclusion: The best drug for sedation in pediatric dentistry is nitrous oxide because it is preferred by parents for being safe, effective, with minimal side effects and gives a good working time, it can be used in patients with special needs, with excessive anxiety or behavioral disorders making it a good alternative for sedation.
Akanksha Garg, Swati Tomar, Priya Sarraf, Sunayana Dutta, Ashish Chandra, Jahnavi Malineni
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 168-171; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2c.1504

Abstract:
Aim: The aim of the present study to evaluate the clinical Characteristics and Microbiological Findings in Children with Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Methods: After receiving clearance from the protocol review committee and the institutional ethics committee, the prospective observational study was carried out at the Department of......................... This research covered 100 patients. According to the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) guidelines published in the Technical and Operational Guidelines for Tuberculosis Control in India 2016, children aged 6 months to 18 years who present with constitutional symptoms such as persistent fever >2 weeks without a known cause and/or unremitting cough for >2 weeks and/or weight loss of 5% in three months or no weight gain in the previous three months along with any one of the following findings, i.e., his The radiology department performed a chest X-ray and reported findings indicative of tuberculosis, such as hilar and paratracheal lymphadenopathy, parenchymal lesions, and cavitatory lesions. Results: The study covered 100 juvenile patients with an average age of 12.044.96 years. In the research, 58 percent of the individuals were older than 11 years old. The study had a female predominance. Only 44 (44%) male patients participated in the trial, compared to 56 (56%) female patients. The most prevalent complaint was fever (84 percent), followed by cough (76 percent). Other major symptoms at the start of the disease were weight loss (88 percent), lack of appetite (86 percent), and shortness of breath (16 percent). Haemoptysis, chest discomfort, and shortness of breath were less common. Out of 100 participants, 22% tested positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, whereas the remaining 78 percent tested negative by both ZN staining and CBNAAT. The proportion of CBNAAT positive patients with cavitation on chest X-ray was 63 percent, which was substantially higher than the national average (p-0.0018). Conclusion: We determined that females were more likely than males to be infected with tuberculosis. The study also discovered that patients with clinical findings indicative of pulmonary Koch's do not necessarily have positive sputum CBNAAT. Sputum positivity was shown to be substantially related to a cavitatory lesion on a chest X-ray.
Riya Sharma, Deepak Sharma, Manu Bansal
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 160-167; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2c.1503

Abstract:
Aim and objectives: To investigate the susceptibility of enamel surface for repigmentation by red wine and brandy stains after 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching. Methodology: 40 freshly extracted human permanent maxillary central incisor teeth were collected for the study. Incisors were stored in 0.1% thymol solution and were used within 1 month of extraction. The teeth were cleaned with ultrasonic scaler, polished with pumice paste. The samples were than divided into two groups of 20 incisors teeth each. Both groups of 20 teeth each were than bleached using 35% hydrogen Peroxide as per the manufacturer’s instructions, i.e. 15 minutes three times a day, every alternate day for four days. Group 1 were than immersed in 200 ml of red wine and group 2 were immersed in 200 ml of brandy for 15 minutes, 6 hours, 1 week and 1 month each. Advance spectrophotometer was used to measure the color shade of the teeth pre bleaching, after 15 minutes, after 6 hours, after 1 week and after 1 month of red wine and brandy immersion. The colour differences (ΔE) at each time interval were calculated accordingly. Results: Spectrometer analysis showed mean ΔE values ± standard deviation of group 1 and group 2 at different time intervals. Color change due to repigmentation was lowest for group 1 teeth from baseline to 15 minutes time interval. Mean ΔE value ± standard deviation was 4.04045±1.308029. However color change value was highest in group 2 teeth at 1 week to 1 month time interval and was 13.45717±1.098210. Group 2 teeth had higher ΔE value than group 1 at any point of time interval. Conclusions: It was concluded that low pH values causes more repigmentation of bleached enamel surface as it was found more with brandy in comparison to red wine. The bleaching treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide enabled the teeth to become clearer; nevertheless, the intake of food and beverages containing colorants or an acidic pH can negatively affect the effectiveness of bleaching.
Ashwarya Sharma, Zeeza Mehboob Qazi, Radhika Sharma, Shruti Sharma, Puneet Goyal, Burhan Altaf Misgar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 233-237; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2d.1514

Abstract:
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is an infrequent multisystemic disease with an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by the presence of multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) in the jaws, multiple basal cell nevi carcinomas, and skeletal abnormalities. Early diagnosis of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is essential as it may progress to aggressive basal cell carcinomas and neoplasias. In this paper, a case of GGS in a 19 year old male is reported and the literature is reviewed.
Adma Aijaz, Vasundhara, Prachi Patel, Bhakti Porwal, Poonjee Gupta, Ashish Chandra
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 210-212; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2d.1509

Abstract:
Background: One of the most frequently encountered diseases of oral cavity is recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). The present study was conducted to assess salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone as oral biomarkers to determine stress in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Materials & Methods: 52 patients of RAS of both genders were divided into 2 groups. Group I comprised of patients with RAS and group II had age matched healthy control. 2 mL of unstimulated whole saliva was collected and salivary cortisol and DHEA levels were measured using ELISA kit. Results: Group I had 20 males and 32 females and group II had 21 males and 31 females. 85% in group I and 26% in group II had salivary cortisol level >3 ng/ml and 15% in group I and 74% in group II had between 1.2–3 ng/mL. The difference was significant (P
Yulissa Martinez Valdes, Marcela Montes Villarreal, Maria Teresa Perez Quintero, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi Cepeda, Rebeca Lucero Rodriguez, Sonia Lilia Aguilar Dominguez, Obed Martinez Ortiz, Juan Manuel Solis Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 8, pp 112-115; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2022.v8.i2b.1498

Abstract:
Introduction: Pulpotomy is a treatment procedure that can be performed on healthy root pulp tissue with healing potential after surgical amputation of the infected or affected coronal pulp. Objective: To gather more recent information on the materials that can be used to perform pulpotomy treatments, such as formocresol, biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Aloe vera. Methodology: Articles found at PubMed, SCOPUS and Google scholar were analyzed, with an emphasis on the last 5 years. Articles were evaluated with the PRISMA and AMSTAR guidelines. The search was carried out using the words
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