International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-7489 / 2394-7497
Published by: AkiNik Publications (10.22271)
Total articles ≅ 370
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Ngurang Anam, Gopa Kumar R Nair, Niharika Kumari, Binish Khan
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 25-26; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1348

Abstract:
Ramsay hunt syndrome is a serious neurological condition caused by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus at the geniculate ganglion. It is distinguished by a triad of facial palsy, vesicular eruption in the ear, and otolgia. Ramsay Hunt Syndrome Type II additionally known as herpes zoster oticus. It's a presentation of lower motor nerve fiber lesion of seventh cranial nerve, deafness, vertigo, pain, vesicles on the face, ear and altered taste perception, vesicles on ear could be a typical pathognomonic feature. Immediate treatment is crucial to avoid permanent complications.
Abdurahman Musbah Elmezwghi, Abeer Hussein Elsagali, Salma S Mo, Nesrin Hassan Musa, Naima M El-Kakalli, Walid Kamel Ftis
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 93-98; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4b.1357

Abstract:
Background: tongue lesions are reflecting many systemic diseases of the body. Despite the relative frequency of Median Rhomboid Glossitis (MRG), its exact etiopathogenesis is controversial. A direct association between tongue lesions including MRG and oral candidiasis, tobacco smoking, denture wearing, and systemic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM) has been reported.Objective: The objective of this present study was performed to determine the prevalence of MRG among Libyan diabetic and non-diabetic patients (NDPs), and hence detect and estimate the possible associations.Method: The sample was made of 928 patients, divided into 2 groups. Group1 consist of 464 diabetic patients (DPs), while group 2 consists of 464 NDPs as a control group. Results: the prevalence of MRG in all diabetic cases was (12%) whilst in NDPs was 3.4%. MRG was present in 56 DPs 39 (70%) were males and 17(30%) were females. There was a significant association between MRG and burning sensation P
Shambhu Sharan Yadav, Anela Thomas
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 17-19; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1346

Abstract:
Focal gingival growth is one of the most commonly encountered lesions in the oral cavity and it is considered a non-neoplastic reactive lesion. These lesions include pyogenic granuloma, irritational fibroma, peripheral giant cell granuloma, and peripheral ossifying fibroma. This paper presents a case of peripheral ossifying fibroma in a 24 years old male patient, with an accurate diagnosis, satisfactory clinical management, and follow-up.
Nikita R Galgali, Shankar P Dange, Kishor M Mahale, Smita A Khalikar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 09-13; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1344

Abstract:
The choice of appropriate definitive restoration of endodontically treated teeth should be guided by the amount of remaining hard tissues as well as functional and aesthetic considerations. Post and-core materials with biomechanical properties similar to the dentin could also be advantageous in reducing the risk of root fractures. The high performance polymer Poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) is an example of one such type of material. This case report describes the restoration of endodontically treated mandibular premolar with the use of CAD-CAM milled post and core system followed by restoration with full coverage porcelain fused to metal crown.
Ravi Sagar Singh Shahi, Chahat Saini
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 78-81; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4b.1354

Abstract:
Obturators are the most common treatment modality compared to surgical reconstruction for Maxillectomy in oral cancer patients. The obturators frequently become bulky and need to be hollowed out properly in the defect area to decrease weight and make them comfortable for the patient. This case report describes the technique of using a hollow bulb obturator on an adult patient who had undergone a maxillectomy. An obturator was fabricated with the use of a self-cured acrylic resin shim filled with wax in the defect area during the packing procedure of the prosthesis, and the wax was eliminated after curing. It is a single step process for the closed-hollow bulb obturator fabrication as a single unit, with uniform wall thickness around the hollow space, ensuring the least possible weight of the hollow obturator. This technique attains the probable internal facet of the hollow space with a uniform wall thickness of the prosthesis.
Ubaid Iqbal, Mohammad Arif Lone, Shabir Ahmad Shah, Shazana Qazi
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 75-77; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4b.1353

Abstract:
Aim & Objective: A questionnaire based study on the impression techniques used for implants by practioners. Materials and Methods: Questionnaire was made & distributed to dental practitioners and students of different colleges. Around a 100 doctors were chosen by random sampling, and Questionnaire was given to those who were willing to participate. This research focuses on impression materials and the various impression techniques that can be used in implant restorations with note on recent advances in implant impressions. Results: 88.71% of the dentists feel that special components are required for an implant impression and majority believe that the level at which the impression should be taken depends on many factors. Majority believes that an FPD like impression is sufficient for cement retained FPD and also the fact that implant level impression can be taken for multiple angulated implants. Most of the dentists support the fact that multiple implants should be splinted before an impression and the most accepted material for an implant is addition silicone.
Maniyammai A. S., Amudha M, Renuka Devi R, Esther Nalini H, Arun Kumar Prasad
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 89-92; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4b.1356

Abstract:
Periodontium that anchors the teeth to the jaws comprises of gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone. At clinically healthy sites, the balance between the microbiota and periodontium is beneficial, resulting in resistance to colonization by commensal periopathogens and also triggering well-defined responses of the host innate immune system. By contrast, at diseased sites there is an alteration of defense mechanisms in the periodontium resulting from heterogeneous etiologies including complex biofilm in the sub gingival microenvironment, which is influenced and modulated by the host's immune and inflammatory responses. The present review will focus on the cells of adaptive immune response like B- and T-cells in periodontal disease progression.
Astrid Aimee Huidobro-Guerrero, Arturo Santoy-Lozano, Fanny Lopez-Martinez, Rosa Alicia Garcia-Jau, Aurea Elizabeth Valle-Urias, Sergio Eduardo Nakagoshi-Cepeda, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 20-24; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1347

Abstract:
Introduction: Autologous platelet concentrates, have recently emerged as a possible tool to improve regenerative procedures in the medical field. Objective: To analyze the literature on autologous platelet concentrates in regenerative endodontics, such as: Platelet Rich Plasma, Platelet Rich Fibrin, PRP/PRF Vs Blood Clot as a scaffold in regenerative endodontics. Methodology: Using the keywords Regenerative Endodontic Treatment, Autologous Platelet Concentrates, Immature Teeth, Platelet-rich Fibrin, Platelet-rich Plasma, Revitalization Endodontics, the MEDLINE/PubMed and ScienceDirect databases were searched, with emphasis on the last 5 years. It was evaluated with the PRISMA and AMSTAR-2 guidelines. Results: Platelet-rich plasma releases growth factors during the first hours after placement and induction of mesenchymal stem cells. Platelet Rich Fibrin is a second-generation platelet concentrate that releases growth factors more slowly, forming a network that traps leukocytes and platelets, liquid platelet rich fibrin has a higher concentration of leukocytes, which enhances immune defense in LPS-induced inflammation. Compared to blood clot, PRP and PRF show improved healing results, reducing infection and inflammation. Conclusion: The use of autologous platelet concentrates presents a more controlled scaffold in regenerative endodontics, with successful results, such as periapical healing, root thickening and apical closure.
Manpreet Kaur Sandhu
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 27-31; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1349

Abstract:
For successful endodontics, major emphasis is placed on judicious instrumentation, microbial control and complete obturation of the root canal system. During retreatment of previously endodontically treated teeth, one may encounter variety of different materials, which must be removed before these objectives can be achieved. The intent of this article is to present various methods for Gutta Percha removal from the root canal system to aid in re-treatment attempts. Gutta Percha is the most commonly used obturating material, so, therefore this article deals with various techniques available for its removal in retreatment cases.
Swati Kale, Nidhi Chowhan, SahilI Mungekar-Markandey
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 01-04; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i4a.1342

Abstract:
Background: Traumatic injuries to maxillary anterior teeth are seen in children and adolescents to major extent resulting into anterior teeth fractures. Different treatment strategies are available for its management, although tooth fragment reattachment is considered to be a feasible treatment option due to its comprehensibility, aesthetics, and functional success. Case Description: Present case reports a case of a 10-year-old girl patient with a fractured permanent maxillary left central incisor (Ellis class II) with emphasis on hydration and reattachment of the fractured fragment. The present paper reports the reattachment of the stored fractured fragment in milk as a hydrating medium. The fragment was reattached using an adhesive bonding system and a resin composite material on the mesioincisal angle of 21 and the distoincisal angle was built up with traditional method. At 2-years follow up tooth maintain its vitality along with aesthetics and function. Conclusion: The retrieved fractured fragment of anterior teeth can be stored in milk till patient report to clinic followed by hydrating the fractured fragment using normal saline in dental office before reattachment. Clinical Significance: Management of available fractured tooth fragment by reattachment technique, offers a feasible and minimal non-invasive option for the dental clinician.
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