International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-7489 / 2394-7497
Current Publisher: AkiNik Publications (10.22271)
Total articles ≅ 184
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Latest articles in this journal

Josie Kurian Paul, Angel Mary Elias
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 411-413; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1f.1162

Abstract:
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of different complications during and after maxillary third molar extraction. Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted at Ruby Dental Clinic and Implant Centre, Kunnamkulam, Kerala, India from April 2018 to March 2019. Total 120 Patient who were planned for surgical extraction of maxillary third molar were included in this study. All surgical extractions of maxillary third molar were performed under local anesthesia by a qualified and experienced oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Results: A total of 120 patients of surgical extraction of maxillary third molar were carried out under local anaesthesia over a scheduled period of study. 38 patients were having intra-operative or postoperative complications. Out of 120 patients, 75 were males and 45 were female patients. Most common complications in our study were maxillary tuberosity fracture seen in 13 patients (34.2%). The second most commonly found complication was delayed wound healing 6 (15.8%), postoperative pain 5 (13.2%) and post-operative infection 4 (10.5%). Conclusion: The risk of complications in third molar surgery will always exist and increases in proportion to the surgical difficulty.
Isha Rastogi
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 367-369; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1e.1157

Abstract:
Introduction: Oral health care is essential for well-being of an individual. Loss of teeth or edentulism is a common problem in everyone. As age advances, we face many body and oral problems. Aim and Objectives: To assess edentulism in population. Material and Methods: 5oo subjects above 20 years were chosen. Results: People have teeth loss but they are unattended. Discussion: Patients know they have teeth loss and few are knowing about how to deal with it. Conclusion: Dental care and education should be provided to all. Keywords- oral, loss, teeth.
Isha Rastogi
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 395-397; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1f.1158

Abstract:
Introduction: Prosthodontic care is needed in aging patients as they tend to be most neglected.Aim: This paper intends to highlight the importance of edentulism and its treatment in elderly population.Material and Method: Target population was surveyed and studied.Results: It was seen that geriatric patients require dentures and special prosthesis depending on edentulism and their suitability.Discussion: It is need of hour that considering higher age and dentate state appropriate measures are taken.Conclusion: Prosthodontic care for elderly is a critical subject which needs special effort by the fraternity.
Vishakha Kashyap, Bharat Suneja, Jasvir Kaur, AmanPreet Singh, Sunaina Jodhka
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 398-401; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1f.1159

Abstract:
Aim: To Compare patient and parental preference between nitrous oxide sedation and conventional behaviour management technique for dental treatment.Material and Methods: This cross-over split mouth study design was performed on 30 children (6-12 years old) who require a bilateral treatment involving inferior alveolar nerve block. 15 children were enrolled in a group A & 15 children in a group B. Thereafter, the outcome of preference of technique was assessed by parent and child after both techniques were performed. Results: The collected data was statistically analysed. The majority of children and parents preferred nitrous oxide inhalation sedation to conventional behaviour management techniques. Conclusion: Study concludes that nitrous oxide was preferred by both children and their parents over conventional behavior management techniques.
Pankaj Kukreja, Bhavna Jha Kukreja, Nasser Fahd Al Qahtani, Modi Fahd Al Qahtani, Majedah Fahd Al Qahtani, Ahad Fahd Al Qahtani
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 341-344; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1e.1152

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to assess the awareness regarding COVID-19 among dental students in teaching institutions in India.Materials and Methods: A total of 104 subjects participated in this survey. An anonymous, self-administered, verified multiple choice questionnaire was administered to obtain information from the subjects. It included 5 questions on awareness regarding COVID-19 comprising of aetiology, mode of transmission, clinical features, treatment options and dental precautions.Results: Percentage of subjects who correctly answered questions of COVID-19 were 95.2% for aetiology, 52.9% for clinical features, 94.2% for primary mode of transmission, 54.9% for treatment options and 56.7% for dental precautions. Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that some notable deficiencies in knowledge existed among dental students regarding some vital aspects of COVID-19. Therefore, there appears to be an urgent need for improving dental students’ awareness via health education and training programs.
Hiral Thakkar, Brijesh Prajapati, Sonali Mahadevia, Bhavya Trivedi, Arth Patel, Mauli Shah
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 429-432; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1f.1167

Abstract:
The field of orthodontics in its new era is stepping ahead to newer technologic perspective. Additive manufacturing is a relatively new technology with rapidly growing range of applications in many fields of medicine and dentistry. A paradigm shift has constituted the progression from gypsum laboratory to 3-Dimensional printing. 3D printing is now easily accessible for orthodontists, being a reliable and cost-effective manufacturing method, which may be used in many aspects of orthodontic practice, and its potential is still growing. The article gives necessary insight into the history, development, available technologies of additive manufacturing and provides updates of application of 3-D printing in orthodontics.
Smriti Kanwar, Arvind Shetty, Devanand Shetty, Pooja Wadkar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 458-460; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1g.1168

Abstract:
Progressive bone resorption after extraction of tooth may lead to prosthetic-driven and surgical difficulties when a dental implant has to be placed after extraction of tooth. This case report discusses an irreparable upper right first premolar with a dehiscence on buccal wall. A conservative tooth extraction was performed and the dehiscence was exposed after reflecting a full thickness mucoperiosteal flap. The socket and the dehiscence were then grafted using Nova bone putty and amnion membrane. After a healing period of 3 months and 9 months a CBCT analysis was done to check for regeneration in the grafted site. It can be concluded that grafting technique can lessen the alveolar bone resorption in the socket with dehiscence.
Rohit Raghavan, Shajahan Pa, Manoj Aa
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 25-27; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1a.1112

Abstract:
For maintaining peri-implant bone levels, Platform switching has gained popularity among implant manufacturers in the past few years. Greater magnitude and occurrence of bone loss during first year of prosthetic loading. However, the assumption that the inward shifting of the implant-abutment junction may preserve crestal bone was primarily based on serendipitous finding rather than scientific evidence. This paper reviews the literature regarding platform switching, the crestal bone preservation and its endurance.
Rakhshunda Manzoor, Marikinda Manzoor
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 175-182; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1c.1133

Abstract:
Primary teeth should be preserved until their normal exfoliation time so as to maintain arch length and function in order to provide proper guidance for the eruption of permanent teeth, enhance esthetics and mastication, prevent aberrant tongue habits, aid in speech and prevent the psychological effects associated with tooth loss. Pulpectomy consists of removing the pulp tissue associated with micro-organisms and debris from the canal and obturating with resorbable filling material. Success rate of endodontic therapy depends on many factors like familiarity with the complexity of primary tooth canal systems, their formation and resorption pattern, obturating material as well as obturation technique used that is capable of densely filling the entire root canal system and providing a fluid tight seal from the apical segment of the canal to the cavo-surface margin in order to prevent reinfection. One of the major areas of research in pulpectomy is to discover new materials for obturation so to have the specific properties similar to teeth. This article will render the role of many important obturating materials which we use in dentistry and their advantages and disadvantages and their modifications.
Aishwarya Pande, Poonam Rai, Devanand Shetty
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 154-159; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1c.1130

Abstract:
Piezosurgery is a new method that uses piezoelectric ultrasonic vibrations to perform precise and safe osteotomies. It was first discovered by Tomaso Vercelotti to overcome the limitations of traditional instruments in oral bone surgery. Its use was first introduced in the field of preprosthetic surgery alveolar crest expansion and sinus grafting procedures. It is a favorable, scrupulous, and soft tissue sparing system for bone cutting based on low frequency ultrasonic microvibrations. The absence of macrovibration makes the instrument more feasible and allows greater intraoperative control with increase in cutting safety in the more difficult anatomical cutting zone. This article focuses on the broad range of applications of this novel technique in periodontology.
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