International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-7489 / 2394-7497
Current Publisher: AkiNik Publications (10.22271)
Total articles ≅ 109
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Latest articles in this journal

Bhavya Reddy Chethi Reddy
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 44-52; doi:10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i1a.1117

Abstract:
Background: Autism is a neurological disorder which can be associated with impaired behavioural patterns, expressive and receptive communication difficulties and challenges with social interaction. When combined these challenges can make dental treatment difficult. Therefore, dentists need to be skilled in appropriate dental management strategies for children with autism who attend their clinics for treatment. Rationale: Previous literature reviews have identified the use of traditional behavioural management techniques, such as physical restraints and general anaesthesia. This study aims to update the existing reviews and report effective contemporary techniques. Aim of the review: This literature review aims to document and record current dental strategies and techniques in treating children with autism. Methods: A systematic literature search within PubMed and EBSCO Host using the search terms “Dental strategies” OR dental techniques OR Dental manag* OR dental treat* OR dentist AND autism AND Child* was carried out. The search yielded 10 articles, once exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied and each article was assessed using the qualitative and quantitative CASP tools. Results: Four main themes emerged from a thematic analysis of the 10 articles: 1) Desensitization strategies. 2) Educational strategies. 3) Behavioural approaches. 4) Anaesthesia interventions. Evidence showed that current dental strategies like inter- professional collaboration and some visual strategies using the electronic screen media were particularly effective in treating children with autism within the clinical setting. Conclusion: A range of strategies in providing dental treatment to children with autism were identified. These strategies include desensitization, by various techniques (e.g. visual strategies and social stories, desensitization appointments), educational strategies (e.g. inter-professional collaboration), behavioural strategies and local anaesthesia. However, there is limited evidence regarding the effectiveness of these techniques particularly local anaesthesia and communication supports. Future research is needed to ascertain the effectiveness of these techniques, both in their own right and comparatively with each other.
Chaitanya Kothari, Syed Zakaullah, Aaisha Siddiqua, Meenakshi Kothari, Ashwin Shah, Shereen Fatima
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 116-118; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1056

Abstract:
The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC’s) is an uncommon developmental odontogenic cyst described as a distinct entity by Gardner et al. in 1988. The Glandular odontogenic cyst occurs more commonly in middle-aged people and has a predilection for the mandible. This article presents a case of glandular odontogenic cyst in a 16-year-old male patient in the left posterior region of the maxilla, which is quite rare.
Marilyn Tereza Rodrigues, Shreya Bukkapatnam, Babashankar Alva
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 149-152; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4c.1058

Abstract:
Facial aesthetics in complete denture has become an integral part of dental rehabilitation. Ageing leads to bone resorption and loss of soft tissue elasticity causing sunken or hollow cheeks. Conventional complete dentures give support to the circum oral musculature but do not help much with the cheek muscles. Cheek plumpers in complete dentures provide support to the cheek musculature enhancing the facial features and psychological well being of the patient. This article presents two simple, easy and effective methods of providing cheek plumpers to patients seeking for enhanced facial esthetics.
Deepti Rao M, R Nageswar Rao
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 95-103; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1053

Abstract:
Objectives: To measure the microtensile bond strength of total-etch and self-etch adhesives to intact and caries affected dentin. To check the effect of thermal cycling on the bond strength of these adhesives to caries affected and intact dentin. Materials and Methods: Thirty extracted carious human molars were assigned to two groups according to adhesive used i.e Adper Single Bond (Total etch) with P90 (Self-etch). The occlusal surface of teeth will be sectioned to expose dentin and built up with Filtek 90 composite (3M) to a 3 mm height. The teeth were then sectioned to obtain rods of 6mm length and 1mm width and 1 mm depth with dentin-composite interface located at the centre. The specimens were examined under microscope to separate caries–affected dentin and unaffected dentin into two groups. Half the specimens from each group were subjected to 3000 thermo cycles (5 deg Celsius to 55 deg Celsius). All specimens were subjected to microtensile bond strength testing in a special apparatus attached to the Universal testing machine. Results were recorded and data was statistically analyzed with Students unpaired ‘t’ test. Results: Students ‘t’ test showed that the values had a statistically significant difference observed between total etch (T.E) i.e. Adper Single Bond 2 and self etch (S.E) i.e. P 90; caries-affected dentin (CAD) and normal dentin (ND); with thermocycling and without thermocycling. Interpretation and Conclusion: The present study concludes that total-etch has a higher bond strength compared to self-etch. Bond strengths are higher to normal dentin than caries-affected dentin. Thermocycling lowers the bond strength values of all the groups.
Rahul Gupta, Sophia Thakur, Fares Kt, Arun Jaysheel
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 77-80; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1049

Abstract:
The ideal restoration of a root filled tooth is quite a controversial and a widely discussed topic. Due to its vast filled and clinical expertise required, the coronal rehabilitation of an endodontically treated teeth presents quite a challenge for clinicians. A thorough coronal seal essential for the longevity of the restoration. This review article discuss the factors involved in the clinical decision making and the various restorative options for the posterior post endodontic restorations.
Jesús Alejandro Torres Betancourt, Claudio Cabral Romero, Rene Hernandez Delgadillo, Marcela Montes Villarreal, Lizeth Edith Rodriguez Quintanilla, Norma Cruz Fierro, HaeUn Kim, Juan Manuel Solis Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 85-89; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1051

Abstract:
Introduction: Great success has been reported with the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in the treatment of complex bacterial diseases, yet new and recurring bacterial infections continue to pose significant challenges to global health care. Objective: To review the literature on the antimicrobial and antibiotic activity of zinc oxide, gold, silver, and chitosan nanoparticles. Methodology: In this article, important literature on the antimicrobial and antibiotic activity of endodontic nanoparticles is reviewed through a comprehensive search in the PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Results: Zinc oxide nanoparticles do not offer significant improvements when compared to conventional or non-nanometric materials, gold nanoparticles lack clinical applications and their effectiveness is lower than silver nanoparticles. The best options are silver and chitosan nanoparticles due to their low required concentrations and results. Conclusion: Silver and chitosan nanoparticles are the best options for use in endodontic treatment because they demonstrate better antimicrobial and antibiotic film results. Research with AgNP's provides us with its usefulness in the application of sealing cements and intraconduct medicines, while chitosan nanoparticles offer advantages in healing.
Prajakta Sanap, Vivek Hegde, Dhananjay Ghunawat, Madhuri Patil, Nishat Nagaonkar, Vinit Jagtap
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 81-84; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1050

Abstract:
Nanotechnology is widely used in our day to day life including its use in medicine. Nanostructures are used in innovations or diagnosis of dentistry. Some nano-particles are used for oral disease preventive drugs, prostheses and for teeth implantation. Nano-materials further deliver oral fluid or drugs, preventing and curing some oral disease like oral cancer and maintain oral health care up to a high extent. The nanoparticle like chitosan has anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, and anti-tumor effects. The literature search was done by the online and text search. The data was conducted using different electronic databases and the articles published in the different journals were obtained. The nanoparticle like chitosan has anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, and anti-tumor effects. Therefore, the purpose of present review was to evaluate the different aspects of nano-particles like chitosan in the Dentistry.
Saumya Paul, Megha Chawla, Ekta, Bhavna Gupta Saraf, Neha Sheoran
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 104-109; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1054

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to assess the anxiety in children which would help the pedodontist to modify the child's behavior and deliver the treatment effectively and efficiently. The present study consisted of 100 subjects which included 50 school going children (6- 12 year) of age and their parents accompanying them to the dentist. A Facial Scale was used to assess children’s anxiety levels, while Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was used to assess Parents anxiety level. Results of this study shows that 27% children show high anxiety level, 50% children have light anxiety level and 23% children show intermediate anxiety level with different dental instruments and equipment. The study concluded that assessment of parents fear prior to child’s dental treatment may help the clinician in modifying behavior management strategies also whenever parental anxiety is high, efforts to reduce the parents’ level of anxiety may also benefit the child. Aim: Assessment of anxiety in children which would help the pedodontist to modify the child's behavior and deliver the treatment effectively and efficiently. Objectives: To correlate the dental anxiety level of children and their parents. To evaluate the dental instruments which elicits the maximum anxiety in children.
Hamza Alsharief, Feras Aalam, Mohammed Sannan, Mohammed Nabeel
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 74-76; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4b.1048

Abstract:
Introduction: Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare dental complication of severe medical complication.Proper case diagnosis and management rely only upon a published case report. The dentist could easily misdiagnosis such cases. In this case report, we presented precise case management from diagnosis to prevention.Objective: provided clear guidelines regarding diagnosis, management and prevention.Methodology: We presented a report of an interesting clinical case of periorbital emphysema develops immediately after using airway syringe to dry root canal.
Ajay Balasaheb Mohite, Sudhir Ramlal Pawar, Siddharth Shrikant Joshi, Amit Mahadev Raskar
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 6, pp 39-41; doi:10.22271/oral.2020.v6.i4a.1046

Abstract:
Around 70% of Indian population complains of pain due to wisdom tooth, but still try to avoid visits to the dental services just because of fear and various myths about wisdom tooth. In India, people still are unaware about dental treatment facilities and advances reached in the field of dentistry. This may be because of negligence towards proper oral hygiene and dental care. But as the dental fraternity is spreading across the nation, it becomes important to remove the myths and explain the reality about dental treatment and advantages. In this article, we have tried to explain various myths and reality about wisdom tooth in general population.
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