International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2394-7489 / 2394-7497
Published by: AkiNik Publications (10.22271)
Total articles ≅ 340
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Vibha Hegde, Amber Ansari, Nikita Singh
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 325-331; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3e.1320

Abstract:
Aim: Comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of 10% sodium ascorbate solution and delayed treatment on the microtensile bond strength of nanocomposite to bleached enamel using two step etch and rinse and self-etch adhesive technique. Materials and methods: Forty extracted human maxillary central incisors were decoronated, and the crown portion was embedded in acrylic resin with the buccal surface facing upwards. The specimens were randomly allocated to four groups which were further sub-divided into two groups according to the adhesion protocol. Group I- (control group): No bleaching followed by restoration. Group II: Bleaching followed by immediate restoration. Group III: Bleaching followed by surface treatment with 10 % sodium ascorbate for 30 mins followed by restoration. Group IV: Bleaching followed by restoration after 14 days. Result: Statistically significant differences were found between microtensile bond strength of bleached enamel with surface treatment with 10% sodium ascorbate solution and no surface treatment group. Conclusion: Bleaching followed by surface treatment with 10 % sodium ascorbate for 30 mins followed by restoration showed similar strength as compared the control group.
Sachin Gusain, Pradeep Raghav, Kumar Amit, Sakshi Rakhyani, Sukanya
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 03-10; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3a.1272

Abstract:
Objective:This article will discuss some of the most commonly used indices in orthodontics Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature from orthodontic relevant sources and information was searched with the help of Pubmed, Medline, Google scholar, Scopus using keyword like orthodontic indices. Result:It had been widely agreed that no particular index or method available that are truly inclusive of all recommended criteria. Therefore, different indices or method had been developed according to different requirements.Conclusion:The use of indices in orthodontics allows more uniform interpretation and application for criteria for treatment need and changes. Still there is a need of a development of index which can be universally accepted in terms of reliability and validity.
Karla Griselada Vazquez Guerrero, Nemesio Elizondo Garza, Jorge Yitzhak Garza Silva, Ruth Rodriguez Ruiz, Alma Delia Serrano Romero, Maria Argelia Akemi Nakagoshi Cepeda, Juan Manuel Solis-Soto
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 173-177; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3c.1297

Abstract:
Introduction: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a well-known pathological condition in oncology arising from bisphosphonate use. In recent years, the number of cases of drug-related osteonecrosis of the jaw has steadily increased due to the introduction of new immunological drugs. Objective: To analyze the literature on osteonecrosis of the jaw and its relation to drugs. Methodology: The search was performed in PubMed, SCOPUS and Google Scholar databases. The quality of the articles was assessed using PRISMA guidelines. The terms
Surbhi Kapoor, Vandana, Supreet Kaur, Pallavi Prashar, Aradhana Sharma, Karandeep Kaur
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 109-114; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3b.1289

Abstract:
Hyperpigmentation is a condition where melanin is present in excess quantity which can cause significant esthetic problems. Pigmentation of gingiva is considered to be unaesthetic by patients, and it may have a psychological impact on them. This impact is aggravated in patients with “gummy smile” or excessive gingival display while smiling (high smile line). Variety of treatment modalities have been promulgated for depigmentation of gingival such as scraping, bur abrasion, partial thickness flap, cryotherapy, electrosurgery, and laser. In the present case series, techniques such as scalpel and diode laser have been tried for treatment of hyperpigmentation, which are simple, effective, and yielded good results, along with good patient satisfaction.
Rini Sj, Shinu Lal, Swathy Sukumaran, Rajesh Pillai, Afzal A
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 89-92; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3b.1285

Abstract:
Calcium silicate based materials have gained popularity in recent years due to their resemblance to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and their applicability in cases where MTA is indicated. “Biodentine” is a calcium silicate based product which became commercially available (Septodont) and that was specifically designed as a “dentine replacement” material. The material is actually formulated using the MTA-based cement technology, with the improvement of some material properties. Biodentine™ is a second generation hydraulic calcium silicate material that is composed mainly of tricalcium silicate and it also contains zirconium oxide radiopacifier and some additives. It is scientifically engineered for a specific purpose to be used as a dentine replacement material. The enhanced physical and biologic properties of Biodentine™ could be attributed to the presence of finer particle size, use of zirconium oxide as radiopacifier, purity of tricalcium silicate, absence of dicalcium silicate, and the addition of calcium chloride and hydrosoluble polymer. This article is aimed to review the properties of Biodentine by exploring the research work done in this field so far.
Inderpreet Singh Oberoi, Kukureet Oberoi
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 249-251; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3d.1309

Abstract:
Background and objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe common radiographic patterns that may be useful in predicting the diagnosis of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the imaging and clinical data of four males and one female, 3 to 72 years old, with rhinocerebral mucormycosis. Results: All the patients presented with sinusitis and ophthalmological symptoms. Most of the patients (80%) had isointense lesions relative to brain in T1-weighted images. The signal intensity in T2-weighted images was more variable, with only one (20%) patient showing hyperintensity. A pattern of anatomic involvement affecting the nasal cavity, maxillary sinus, orbit, and ethmoid cells was consistently observed in all five patients (100%). Our series demonstrated a mortality rate of 60%. Conclusion: Progressive and rapid involvement of the cavernous sinus, vascular structures and intracranial contents is the usual evolution of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. In the context of immunosupression, a pattern of nasal cavity, maxillary sinus, ethmoid cells, and orbit inflammatory lesions should prompt the diagnosis of mucormycosis. Multiplanar magnetic resonance imaging shows anatomic involvement, helping in surgery planning. However, the prognosis is grave despite radical surgery and antifungals.
Samreen Zeya, Jaya Bharti Sharma, Pulkit Chaturvedi, Astha Doshi, Saloni Mathur, Nirvani Shah, Kajal Asnani, Komal Ozha
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 289-291; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3e.1312

Abstract:
Dentistry has come A long way in the last one and a half century; today it is ranked as one of the most respected professions. It is incumbent upon dentists everywhere to protect this hard-earned reputation by weeding out quacks among them. Dental diseases restrict activities in school, work and home and often significantly diminishes the quality of life for many children and adults, especially those who have low income or are uninsured. Quackery in dentistry has been a problem for decades. There are a large number of quacks practicing illegal dentistry in India, pretending to have skill, knowledge or qualification which they do not actually possess. It arises when there are inadequate numbers of competent and trained practitioners or when their charges appear prohibitive to a segment of the population. Poorly educated people often become gullible prey to quacks who perform dental treatment, which is often harmful to patients. It’s a time to take measures to stop such unethical practices.
Anindya Chakrabarty, Anindya Priya Saha, Monalisa Das, Priyanka Choudhury, Vinay Rana
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 305-308; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3e.1316

Abstract:
Auto-transplantation procedure, to replace lost tooth, where implant or fixed/ removable prosthetic option isn’t recommended/ possible, as in child patients and young adults, have wide range of success rate. Not only proper case selection including transplantable tooth selection with ideal stages of root completion and root configuration, available bone and soft tissue; but also the surgical skill and post-surgical care play important roles for the success of the procedure. Here, 2 cases of auto-transplantation have been discussed.
Vishakha Mittal, Akarshak Aggarwal, Methili Singhal, Manisha Kaushik
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 292-296; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3e.1313

Abstract:
Aim: To determine the antimicrobial efficacy of ozonated water and compare the antimicrobial activity of different irrigant solutions against E. faecalis and E. coli. Material and Method: This study was conducted in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Jaipur Dental College, Jaipur in collaboration with Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur to test and compare the efficacy of Ozonated Water, 3% Sodium Hypochlorite and Normal Saline in relation to Enterococcus faecalis (MTCC 439) and Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) micro-organisms. After incubation, 21 contaminated roots were divided into 3 groups according to the irrigation regimen used i.e. Group A: Ozonated Water (7 teeth), Group B: 3% NaOCl (7 teeth) and Group C: Saline (7 teeth). All the teeth were handled with sterile gloves and sterile tweezers to prevent contamination. A sterile 5 mL syringe with 26 gauge needle was used to deliver irrigant into the canal. All experimental teeth were then flushed with distilled water to prevent potential carry-over of irrigants. Results: Results indicated that Group C showed highly significant difference from group A and Group B indicating that Group A and Group B were effective against both E. faecalis and E. coli. Results also show that there was no significant difference in efficacy of Group A and Group B. Conclusion: The results found that ozonated water has proved to be an alternative antimicrobial agent.
Aanchal Tyagi, Mehvish Saleem, Mayur Kaushik, Nazar Rana
International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, Volume 7, pp 37-39; https://doi.org/10.22271/oral.2021.v7.i3a.1278

Abstract:
The frenum is a mucous membrane fold that attaches the lip and the cheek to the alveolar mucosa, the gingiva, and the underlying periosteum. The frenum may hamper the gingival health if it is attached too closely to the gingival margin, which can be a result of interference in the plaque control or due to a muscle pull. The management of such an aberrant frenum is treated by performing a frenectomy. The present case report is on frenectomy using the conventional technique with 3 months of follow up.
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