Surgical Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 21579407 / 21579415
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 773
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Natacha Boumas, Beelke D’Hondt, Catherine De Magnee, Raymond Reding, Francis Veyckemans
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 9-14; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.111002

Abstract:
Introduction: Congenital septal anomalies between the trachea and the esophagus are rare conditions. It seemed to us interesting to recall the contribution of tracheoscopy in the diagnostic and therapeutic strategy of esophageal atresia and congenital esoaerian fistulas. Patients and methods: This is a retrospective study between June 1994 and June 2014 of children who underwent a tracheoscopy, at the Saint-Luc University Clinics in Brussels, the diagnostic set of esophageal atresia (EA) or a congenital esoaerian fistula was suspected. Results: A total of 43 children with esophageal atresia or congenital esoaerian fistula underwent tracheoscopy. Before the tracheoscopy, the diagnosis of the anatomical type of atresia of the esophagus and esoaerian fistula was as follows: type C, 34 (79.1%); type A, 4 (9.3%); type E, 5 (11.6%). After performing the tracheoscopy, the diagnosis was changed as follows: type C, 34 (79.1%); type A, 3 (7%); type E, 4 (9.3%); type B, 1 (2.3%), a patient with a tracheoesophageal laryngo cleft (2.3%). Tracheoscopy also made it possible to find 2 cases of tracheomalacia, 2 cases with 3 bronchial tubes and one case associating a diverticulum of the trachea. No complications were correlated with the performance of the tracheoscopy. Conclusion: Our study confirms the benefits of tracheoscopy in the laden price of esophageal atresia or congenital esoaerian fistula.
Mahamadou Coulibaly, Bréhima Bengaly, Drissa Ouattara, Traoré Drissa, Diallo Siaka, Souleymane Sanogo, Birama Togola, Nouhoum Ongoiba
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 187-193; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.117021

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Mahamadou Coulibaly, Drissa Traoré, Birama Togola, Souleymane Sanogo, Bréhima Bengaly, Drissa Ouattara, Siaka Diallo, Madiassa Konaté, Nouhoum Ongoiba
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 117-121; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.116015

Abstract:
Aim: To assess the epidemiological profile of intestinal obstructions at the Koutiala district hospital. Patients and Method: This was a prospective and descriptive study taking place from August 1, 2017 to April 30, 2020. The files of patients with acute intestinal obstruction in the general surgery department of the Koutiala district hospital were collected. In this study, patients operated on for acute intestinal obstruction were included. Non-operated patients were not included in the study. Result: The records of 65 patients operated on for acute intestinal obstruction were collected. The mean age was 32 ± 22 with extremes of 1 year and 94 years. 7 infants (10.8%) and 1 4-year-old child (1.5%) were identified. The 16 to 59 age group was more common. Males were the majority with 70.8% (n = 46). The sex ratio was 2.4. The rate of bowel obstruction in the general population in the circle was 8.1 cases per 100,000 population. According to provenance, patients came from inside the circle (rural areas) in 87.7% of the cases (n = 57) and from the city of Koutiala in 12.3% (n = 8). 33.9% of our patients had undergone laparotomy (n = 22). Patients consulted urgently in 93.8%. The etiologies are dominated by post-operative straps (33.8%) and volvulus (24.6%). We noted 12 cases of intestinal necrosis. Postoperative morbidity was 13.8% of cases (n = 9) and mortality of 6.1% of cases (n = 4). Conclusion: Bowel obstruction is one of the most frequent surgical emergencies in our circle. They most often affect young subjects and young adult males. The etiologies are dominated by the post-operative flanges. Complications remain elevated.
Augusto C. A. Tinoco, Matheus P. S. Netto, Renam C. Tinoco, Thammy L. Bastos, Bárbara S. F. Paula, Leonardo El-Kadre Tinoco, Luciana J. El-Kadre
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 166-176; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.116019

Abstract:
Background: Although laparoscopic gastrectomy is becoming more popular as a curative therapy for gastric cancer, there are concerns about its oncological adequacy. We have compared the outcomes of laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) and laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy (LSG), both with modified D2 lymphadenectomies for the treatment of advanced gastric cancers. Aim: To compare the outcomes of laparoscopic (total and subtotal) gastrectomy with modified D2 lymphadenectomy for the treatment of gastric cancer, contributing to the literature regarding the overall survival of these patients and postoperative complications. Methods: From 1993 to 2014, 239 patients were operated on laparoscopic gastrectomy at our department. The routinely laparoscopic gastrectomy was performed in all patients with gastric cancer including those presenting with obstruction and bleeding. Data could be collected, on a retrospective way, from 2006 to 2014, from the medical records of 103 patients who underwent LSG (n = 72) or LTG (n = 31). We excluded patients with metastatic disease and those who could not have a complete tumor resection. Results: Most patients were in advanced stages of cancer. Adenocarcinoma was the most common find, with 43% of cases in stage IIA and 31% in stage IIIB. Intracorporeal Roux-en-Y or Billroth II anastomoses were employed. Postoperative complications, for LSG and LTG, were 18% and 35.4%; mortality rate, during hospital stay, was 4.9% and 7.7%; three-year survival rate, 53.1% and 59.3%; and five-year survival rate, 46.9% and 40.7%. Mean hospital stay was 7.08 days, being significantly lower in LSG group (p < 0.05). Hospital acquired pneumonia was the most prevalent clinical complication, while deaths arising from surgical complications were caused mainly by gastro-jejunal or esophago-jejunal anastomosis leaks. Conclusions: Both LSG and LTG with modified D2 lymphadenectomy are feasible alternatives to open surgery and survival rates were comparable. The increased risk of complications observed in LTG did not influence the overall mortality rate. We hope that these findings should contribute to improve the acceptance of laparoscopic gastrectomy as a safe procedure for gastric cancer treatment.
D. M. Seto, S. G. R. Attolou, M. G. Yassegoungbe, K. M. Savi De Tove, S. A. Allode
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 122-126; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.116016

Sindhura Suryanarayana, Jaimanti Bakshi, Malay Sannigrahi, Rajni Sharma, Naresh K. Panda, Madhu Khullar
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 1-8; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.111001

Abstract:
Background: Polymorphisms of TAP1 gene might be pertinent in development of cancer by altering the immune response. We studied the association of TAP1 gene polymorphism with HPV related oropharyngeal cancer. Methods: This prospective study consisted of 200 subjects divided into three groups; Group A—HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer (17/100), Group B—HPV negative oropharyngeal cancer (83/100) and Group C—Controls. TAP1ile333val polymorphism genotyping was performed by ARMS-PCR. Results: No significant difference was observed in the distribution of Val/Val genotype of Group A in comparison to Group C (OR = 0.663, 95% CI = 0.164 - 2.688, p = 0.742) and Group B (OR = 1.725, 95% CI = 0.388 - 7.675, p = 0.677) and thus was not associated with HPV associated cancer. But the frequency of Val/Val genotype was found to be significantly decreased in Group B as compared to controls and was linked with increased risk of oropharyngeal cancers (OR = 0.38, 95% CI = 0.15 - 0.97, p = 0.048). Conclusion: TAP1i333v gene polymorphism was not associated with HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer; however decreased frequency of Val/Val genotype raises the risk of oropharyngeal cancer.
A. Mawla Walid, N. Elgohary Marwan, Atef Elekiabi Omar, Walid A. Mawla, Marwan N. Elgohary, Omar Atef ElEkiabi
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 61-68; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.114008

Abstract:
There are several surgical techniques for management of obesity, the most commonly used management strategies were; laparoscopic gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrecomy, both techniques have advantages and drawbacks. But there are few published studies which clarified such issue and compare between both management strategies. We aimed in the present study to compare laparoscopic sleeve gastrecomy and laparoscopic gastric bypass as management surgical strategies of morbid obesity regarding technical success, degree of weight loss, degree of weight loss maintenance, postoperative and long term morbidities and degree of presence or absence of nutritional deficiencies. Patients and Methods: This is a prospective study which included a cohort of 100 patients with morbid obesity 50 of them underwent Laparoscopic gastric bypass and performed 50 underwent Laparoscopic sleeve gastrecomy with a five-year follow-up. Results: We showed that weight loss was higher in the laparoscopic sleeve gastrecomy group initially (p = 0.002), then after 2 years total weight loss was higher in the laparoscopic assisted gastric bypass group (p = 0.004). Diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension resolution was more common after laparoscopic assisted gastric bypass than after laparoscopic assisted sleeve gastrecomy. Occurrence of nutritional deficiencies was less commonly happened after laparoscopic assisted gastric bypass than after laparoscopic assisted sleeve gastrecomy. Conclusions: We showed a similar rate of weight reduction and resolution of nutritional deficits initially in both between laparoscopic assisted sleeve gastrecomy and laparoscopic gastric bypass maintenance of weight reduction was found more in laparoscopic assisted sleeve gastrecomy but rates of nutritional deficits were higher in such procedure.
Ibtsam Shehta Harera, Taha A. Baiomy, Ahmed A. Obaya, Shady E. Shaker, Amr Samir, Ahmed M. Elsayed, Enas Mahmoud Hamed, Loay M. Gertallah
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 39-49; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.113006

Abstract:
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) who is initially diagnosed with single or multiple synchronous distant metastases has an incidence of about 20% of all CRC patients. There is a controversy regarding the role of resection of the primary tumors in those patients. The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic roles and survival advantages of surgical excision of the primary colonic tumor in patients with CRC who are primarily diagnosed with distant metastases. Patients and Methods: We included forty patients who were diagnosed initially with stage IV CRC. We have divided the included patients into two categories the first one included 20 patients that underwent surgical excision of the primary cancer followed by administration of chemotherapy and the remaining 20 patients were initially given chemotherapy without excision of the cancer. We followed patients for 24 months to detect progression, response to chemotherapy, recurrence free survival and overall survival rates. Results: There is statistically significant difference between patients underwent different initial management techniques regarding N stage of the tumor (p = 0.039), response to chemotherapy (p = 0.048), occurrence of relapse (p = 0.022), disease free survival (DFS) (p = 0.027) or overall survival (OS) rates (p = 0.001) (DFS and OS were significantly higher among patients who received initial surgical management. Primary surgical removal of the tumor improved OS rate by 8 months (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Surgical removal of the primary malignancy in mCRC patients before chemotherapy administration improves patients’ survival rates and response to chemotherapy that lead to a better prognosis.
Mahbuba Begum, Mohammad A. Majid, Din Mohammad, Wahida Begum, Abdullah Yusuf, Shamima Sultana
Surgical Science, Volume 11, pp 25-31; doi:10.4236/ss.2020.112004

Abstract:
Background: Ileal perforation is a very critical condition. Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to see the post-operative mortality after ileal perforation. Methodology: This prospective cohort study was conducted in the Department of Surgery at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2000 to December 2002 for period of 2 years and 3 months. All the patients presented with ileal perforation at any age with both sexes were included in this study. Patients were selected consecutively and the patients who showed ileal perforation at laparotomy were included in this study. Preoperative diagnosis was based on detailed history, complete physical examinations supported by plain x-ray abdomen in erect posture including both domes of diaphragm. After immediate resuscitation surgical treatment was undertaken as soon as possible following admission in all cases. The patients were followed up and the mortality profiles were recorded after surgical intervention. Result: Out of 53 patients having postoperative complications 38 patients were survived and 15 patients were expired. So total survivors were 85% and non-survivors 15%. In this study most of the mortality (12%) was attributed to septicemia and mode of death was multiple organ failure. Respiratory complications caused 2% mortality one patient died of ARDS and another elderly patient with preexisting bronchial asthma developed respiratory failure and was unresponsive to treatment. One death was related to faecal fistula followed by severe fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance with peritonitis and gross sepsis. Conclusion: In conclusion, the mortality is significantly high due to septicemia, ARDS and faecal fistula.
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