Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2311-0155 / 2413-2349
Published by: Ivan Franko National University of Lviv (10.15330)
Total articles ≅ 416
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DOAJ
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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Halyna Mykhailyshyn, Miroslava Dovha
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 7-16; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.7-16

Abstract:
The problem of professional training of future social workers in the context of formation of necessary knowledge, skills and abilities is actualized in the article. The views of scientists on the content of the notions of competency, competences and professional competency of social workers are considered. The author's definitions of “competency”, “competences”, “professional competency” and “social and legal competency” are also suggested. Professional competency is the formation of various components, a system of certain components and personality and psychological properties of the individual, which includes knowledge, skills, abilities, personal characteristics and organizational and pedagogical conditions for training future specialists. The main components of socio-legal competencies are identified: cognitive, activity-operative, motivational, personal and instrumental. It also identifies the types of social and legal knowledge that future social workers will receive in the course of their professional training and the skills and abilities of their professional activity. Knowledge of social and legal activity for work with young families was divided into types by the following criteria: socio-legal knowledge in the fields of law, socio-legal knowledge obtained by the degree of their hierarchy in legislation, socio-legal knowledge of the degree of formation, social and legal knowledge on the degree of use of the acquired information. In addition, the acquired knowledge and skills of social and legal activity, which is an activity-operational component of social and legal competency, are accordingly formed in relation to the acquired social and legal knowledge: individual organizational skills, skills and abilities in forecasting and design work, skills and counseling skills. An instrumental component of the formation of complex knowledge of social and legal activity is suggested where social design as a modern progressive tool for overcoming social problems in dealing with young families was highlighted. A social project called “Education for a Young Family” was developed. It is proved that without all the components, social and legal activity will not be fully implemented and social and legal competency will be impossible to develop.
Mariia Kopchuk-Kashetska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 212-217; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.212-217

Abstract:
The article identifies the peculiarities of the formation of moral and ethical concepts of students in extracurricular activities. In particular, positive influence of means of Ukrainian folk pedagogy on the education of moral qualities of students is revealed. Folk-pedagogical methods of stimulation, encouragement, motivation of children, and correction of their behavior are outlined. The process of formation and development of desirable moral qualities in children takes place in a close relationship between learning and education, as it is impossible, in the educational process to aim at the formation of some moral and ethical values, and in extracurricular educational work – others. The effectiveness of the process of moral and ethical education of children largely depends on the purpose and those educational tasks set by the teacher (educator), pedagogical tools and forms of organization of the pedagogical process, the principles of systematic and pedagogical cooperation of school and family in solving this problem. It proved to be a great loss to neglect the achievements of folk pedagogy, especially when it comes to raising the level of morality of schoolchildren. Two directions: cognitive and applied are carried out in the process of formation of moral and ethical concepts of education of students in extracurricular educational work, as well as in educational activities. This means that students, in addition to mastering and deepening theoretical knowledge, have opportunities for their practical application.
Marián Ambrozy
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 116-121; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.116-121

Abstract:
The paper is a brief mapping of the situation in the field of didactics of philosophy in the Slovak Republic. We observe that, despite almost three decades of separation of official philosophy from the dominance of Marxist philosophy, there is no satisfactory basis for the didactics of philosophy. The discipline Didactics of philosophy is represented by improvising several enthusiasts instead of developing serious theoretical foundations. We try to post a few recommendations that belong to all who want to seriously deal with the didactics of philosophy. The most important of them is the establishment of the Slovak scientific journal of didactics, the establishment of the organization of trade didactics, the separation of philosophy from other core subjects and the accreditation of the third level of university education in didactics of philosophy. The author convincingly proves the need to introduce knowledge of philosophy in school, since it will help teach students to think better, apply knowledge more effectively, critically evaluate everyday life, including relationships with parents, teachers, classmates and others. The article emphasizes that the experience of philosophizing will allow students to express their thoughts in writing, as well as to explore at an accessible level “eternal” issues of metaphysics, epistemology, natural philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of culture, philosophy of law, philosophical anthropology. philosophy of politics, etc. The urgency of impoving the teacher's competence in teaching this subject at school, in particular, updating the methodological support, substantiation of educational innovations for the use in the study of philosophy, as well as the introduction of ICT in the educational process are substantiated.
Larysa Slyvka
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 106-115; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.106-115

Abstract:
The article substantiates the urgency of the problem of health promotion through education and upbringing. The increased attention of scientists to the problems of the theory and practice of health pedagogy is revealed, the vectors of scientific researches in this sphere are determined. The need to use the positive elements of the experience of foreign countries in the theory and practice of domestic health education is emphasized. The purpose of the article is to highlight the content and some forms of implementation of health-oriented educational programs in the educational process of schools in the Republic of Poland. The research methods were aimed at describing the legislative basis of health care activities in Polish schools; analyzed a number of legislative documents of the Republic of Poland on health of children and youth – “National Health Program” (1990), the Law “On Education” (1991), the Law “On Physical Culture” (1996), the Law “On Reform Education System” (1999), Order of the Minister of National Education “On the Basic Curriculum of Preschool and General Education” (2008). The most important strategies and tactics of this process in this country are highlighted. A variety of methodological approaches have been used to provide the most objective and holistic view of the research problem. The analysis of health-preserving activity of 10 schools of the Republic of Poland is carried out: kindergarten-schools № 7 of Krakow, state primary school named after St. Kinga in Zhegochyn, state primary school № 11 named after Lviv Eagles in Opole, association of schools with integration departments (primary school № 13 and gymnasium № 3) in Myslowice, association of schools № 2 named after John Paul II in the village of Nazzym, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, primary school № 10 in Tarnowskie Gory, primary school in Nivka, primary school № 42 named after Stanisław Staszyc in Łód, primary school № 23 named after John Paul II in Rzeszów, primary school № 20 in Katowice. The diversity of health-oriented educational influences has been revealed. The author presents the content and forms of implementation of the following programs in schools: “My child goes to school”, “A glass of milk”, “Keep fit”, the National AIDS Program and HIV prevention, “Clean air around us”, “Fruit and vegetables at school”, “Healthy eating and physical activity in schools”, “Don't fall for me, please”. The author offers prospects for further research - a comparison of practical and methodological aspects of solving the problem of health of a growing individual in secondary schools in Poland and Ukraine.
Mykhailo Palahniuk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 72-79; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.72-79

Abstract:
The article highlights the urgency of the problem of training engineering and technical professionals, taking into account the development of technology and social challenges of the market economy. Emphasis is placed on the need to ensure gender equality in the choice of engineering professions, equal opportunities for men and women. The essence of the concepts: “gender”, “gender pedagogy”, “gender culture”, “gender socialization”, “gender stereotypes”, “gender competence”, “gender education”, “gender inequality”, “gender roles” and others are substantiated. It is determined that gender studies are of great interest for pedagogical and psychological science, as they relate to the gender-role socialization of a person, his/her personal and professional development. The results of an empirical study on gender stereotypes in occupational choice among students of Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas are presented (110 people took part in the survey). It has been revealed that gender is not the prerogative of many young people in engineering profession choice, however, such stereotypes still exist in the society. It was proven that for future professionals in this field, gender discrimination took place in their lives (28.4% of respondents) and it is mostly female who acquire technical professions. One third of students (32%) admitted that they had faced cases of unequal wages to men and women. It has been proven that negative gender stereotypes are more subjective than objective, which gives hope for a fundamental possibility of overcoming them in the training of specialists at the Technical University.
Inna Cimsit
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 193-204; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.193-204

Abstract:
The article summarizes scientific approaches and presents the classification of components, criteria indicators and levels of forming partnerships between teenagers. Within the framework of the given classification, three components of forming teenagers partnerships are studied, namely, motivational-value component, which corresponds to the axiological criterion, cognitive component, which is determined by operational-cognitive criterion, and activity component, which is characterized by behavioral-activity criterion. For each of the criteria there were identified corresponding indicators and levels. It is proved that axiological criterion in this area includes the following indicators: the indicators based on the development of forming teenager partnership through activating motivational and value interests and needs of an individual; the indicators defined in the context of focus on social responsibility of teenagers, which are conditioned by partnership. It is established that among the indicators related to the operational-cognitive criterion in this area include: the indicators based on selecting their elements particularly for the specified age group (age determining approach); the indicators based on elements of awareness and perception; the indicators defined in the context of reference to the constructive results of forming knowledge and skills from the partnership relations between teenagers (constructivist approach). The indicators of the mentioned category are formed by the emphasis on the attributive approach to educational activities. It is determined that the indicators of the behavioral criterion include: focus on joint participation in partnerships through the possibility of implementing certain joint partnership activities (actions); emphasized on efficiency, effectiveness and synergy. The structure and the content of this classification considers the main scientific approaches in the denoted area, providing for the universalization of modern scientific thought, since it takes into account most of the views and features of these structural components of the teenagers partnership. The points of the given classification can be used for creating methodological support for evaluating this issue. Therefore, the indicators and levels identified in the study can act as assessments. It is established that the defined features of the specified components criteria and indicators as well as their levels correspond to the features of the studied age group of teenagers of school educational environment.
Victoria Gniezdilova
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 174-181; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.174-181

Abstract:
The article highlights the current problem of motivating students to learn. The use of gadgets in the educational process can positively affect the motivation of students to learn, involve them in creative activities, as well as interest in better and more honest performance of tasks. Since most students are bored at school, it is difficult to involve them in active work in the classroom. The problem of increasing student activity in the classroom is a fairly common and urgent today. It is difficult to imagine a world without modern technology. Laptops, mobile phones, tablets, computers and other gadgets have become good friends for people. They are real colleagues: they help perform many tasks, which normally take a long time to solve. As with any adult, gadgets play a significant role in children's lives. Teenagers and mobile phones are the same inseparable things as teachers and well-prepared notes. Children are increasingly choosing entertainment in front of a monitor, instead of playing outside or walking with family. Social networks, well-thought-out computer games, take the first place among youth hobbies. That is why the important task facing teachers is to arouse interest in learning, to motivate students. And here ICT are simply irreplaceable: they are the chain that connects the interests of teachers and students. You just need to learn to creatively use children's hobbies with gadgets. Our research has shown how students' attitudes towards biology lessons and their motivation to learn have changed after using the online lab on the Go-Lab platform, the Kahoot application, and QR-codes.
Roksolyana Zozulyak-Sluchyk
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 165-173; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.165-173

Abstract:
The problem of regulation of behavioral deviations in the youth environment attracts the attention of many researchers in various branches of science. Regulation of behavioral deviations means the prevention of unfavorable living conditions of adolescents, namely the elimination of factors that can cause certain negative consequences. The article reveals and analyzes the important factors that determine the criminal behavior of adolescents. In particular, such factors are singled out: uncensored propaganda of negative behavior styles that provoke adolescents to imitate «heroes» with bloody and violent behavior; the influence of families that give their children little attention from preschool age, turn a blind eye to their bad behavior, have an irresponsible attitude to the world around them and the environment, encourage their children’s whims; inconsistency of legal reform, extremes in modern judicial practice. The results of the study of predisposition to criminal behavior of adolescents are also presented. The methods chosen for the study: “Diagnosis of the tendency to overcome social norms and rules (Yu.A. Kleiberg)”, “Methods of diagnosing the tendency to deviant behavior (A.N. Orel)”, “Diagnosis of hostility (according to the Cook-Medley scale)”, “Obozov-Shchokintest to determine the degree of determination”, “A. Bass-A. Dark diagnosis of indicators and forms of aggression”. The type of social regulation of behavioral deviations such as individual prevention of juvenile delinquency is considered in detail. Its essence is purposeful work with a particular teenager and their closest people. Social workers, social educators and modern law enforcement agencies are comprehensively called to carry out this type. Individual prevention is directed at the adolescent and their negative traits, the environment that shapes them, as well as the conditions, circumstances and situations that contribute to or facilitate the commission of crimes by minors.
Tetyana Blyznyuk, Olena Budnyk, Tetiana Kachak
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 90-98; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.90-98

Abstract:
The article highlights brief theoretical aspects of the origin of distance learning tracing the experience of foreign counties as well as Ukraine’s practice in this regard. The paper outlines practical and social aspects of distance education; definition of what successful distance learning should look like; effective solution to the problem of implementing distance or blended learning by the academic staff of the Precarpathian national University. The necessity of engaging both teachers and students in integrating innovative digital technologies in academic process of education institutions to ensure a quality level of practical classes, creating favorable conditions for self-realization and professional development of future primary school teachers is substantiated. Major accent is placed on the efficiency of the use of particular digital tools like Kahoot, Mentimeter, Pear Deck and Flipgrid for innovative organization of education environment, creative presentation of theoretical information, consolidating students’ knowledge, practical skills and abilities, formative and summative assessment of learning outcomes, development of students’ competences within certain courses, as well as systematic professional self-improvement. It was found out that among the difficulties most often faced by the education institutions in working with students was identified as follows: providing equal access to online or blended education under the condition of Coronavirus pandemic in rural, mountain and low-income communities, etc. The authors proved the quality of introduction and application of distance learning at the Pedagogy Faculty of the PNU in the process of teaching/studying the academic courses of the language and literature cycle can be assessed by means of the mentioned in the research digital instruments. This will contribute to the practical orientation of the educational process, active participation of each student in the learning process, increasing motivation and engagement in all forms of cooperation in the education environment.
Mariola Wojciechowska, Marlena Michalska
Journal of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Volume 8, pp 35-45; https://doi.org/10.15330/jpnu.8.1.35-45

Abstract:
The modern world puts great demands on people when it comes to understanding its purpose and meaning, which undoubtedly changes the lives of individuals and social groups. People are particularly concerned about the possibility of freeing themselves from imposed group ties, enjoying the rights of a citizen and a member of a community, and the way in which freedom is exercised without restrictions. What has so far been a well-established basis for human activity and the maintenance of the existing order is now losing its importance, and is being replaced by new life opportunities. The authority of traditional social structures such as the social class, local community or family has declined. Normative and axiological systems, and consequently the quality of functioning of the contemporary family, its structure, scope of performed duties and relations within a family, have also undergone transformations. It is becoming increasingly common for adults who form the main axis of the family to decide on a divorce. This is not conducive to the optimum development of children, as they lose the sense of security, trust in adults, fail to fulfil their own lives and even doubt about the existence of true unselfish love. Parents' divorce decisions often result in emotional and motivational disorders which are manifested by difficulties in establishing social contacts, building profound relationships and coping with difficult situations. The paper shows the results of exploratory research on how adults brought up in divorced single-parent families can function in the social and professional environment. The research employs the diagnostic survey method using the auditorium questionnaire and the “100 Sentences – 100 Opinions” tool by Mirosław J. Szymański. The results of the research clearly show that adults brought up in single-parent families are involved very differently in social and professional life. They build their short- and long-term professional and personal goals in distinct ways. Personal and social characteristics of the respondents are the factors determining the observed activity. The research results are in line with the relevant literature and prove the impact of growing up in a single-parent family on children's activity in adult life.
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