Sociology Mind

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2160-083X / 2160-0848
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 290
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Latest articles in this journal

Jake Hart, Wen-Jui Han
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 33-51; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.112004

Abstract:
As labor markets have become increasingly volatile, more workers are susceptible to conditions that threaten their economic security. COVID-19 has further laid bare such economic insecurity with far-reaching implications for coping skills and strategies. Using a cross-sectional dataset collected in May 2020 in the United States, we examined how precarious jobs were associated with alcohol or substance use among parents during the pandemic and if mental distress could explain such a link. Our multivariate regression analysis confirms that holding a job with precarious characteristics, such as feeling defenseless to authoritarian treatment at the workplace, was significantly associated with mental distress and doubled the probability of using alcohol or substance amid COVID-19. And mental distress might help explain such an association. Our analysis underscored the vulnerability faced by our workforce and how a public health crisis magnified the dire consequences of precarious employment on risky health behaviors.
Abbas Sadeghi, Shaghayegh Einaky
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 10-24; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.111002

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological hardiness and resilience with mental health in athletic students of Guilan Provincial University. This research is a correlation study and the population includes all athletic students of Guilan Applied Science and Technology University. Sampling was done randomly from among the climbers in Rasht city (61 people). We used the Conner and Davidson Resource Scale(CD-RISC) questionnaire, Iran and the Ahvaz Hardiness questionnaire and also GHQ questionnaire for collecting information. There was a significant relationship between psychological hardiness and resiliency with mental health (p P s this variable can explain the research sample alongside the variable of mental health changes. Ultimately, the higher the tenacity of a person, the mental health also increases. The findings of this study showed the importance of psychological hardiness and resiliency in maintaining and improving mental health of students. Psychological hardiness and resilience can explain the variability of mental health in students.
Gregory C. Leavitt
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 81-94; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.113007

Abstract:
The incest taboo has been the subject of much curiosity since the mid-19th century. While the taboo and its violation have consumed much attention especially concerning the abuse of children, other scholars have focused on the origin of the incest taboo. This focus on origin created a division between those who ascribed to Darwin’s selection theory and those who recognized environmental conditions. In the latter case what has been underdeveloped is an understanding of materialist-environmental theory as a powerful explanation for understanding complex human behaviors. In the following article I will examine the nature of materialist-environmentalism and its efficacy in explaining sociocultural evolution of human society, the specific evolution of the Hindu taboo against eating beef, and the general sociocultural evolution of the incest taboo, as powerful examples of material-environmental theory. In conclusion I will survey specifically the origin of the incest taboo through environmental theory.
Amir Dhami
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 105-123; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.113009

Abstract:
Diversity within the film industry is growing in popularity both from a social and economic standpoint. More studios are willing to invest in implementing diversity in film through both the crew and cast. Still, the diversity that is added into film is not always genuine and valued—sometimes it is added for financial incentives. This study aims to determine which genre of film has the least financial incentive for including diversity. The study employs a meta-analysis methodology combined with a survey component. Across the action, drama, horror, and comedy genres, the study will compare quantitative financial metrics against qualitative audience response metrics to answer which genre of film adds valued diversity as opposed to using it as a marketing tool. Within the context of the study, diversity in film is defined as passing two of seven chosen diversity tests, which are acknowledged by multiple publications as legitimate. Data sets of box office revenue, total tickets sold, and dollars spent per ticket are compared to generate a financial perspective. Additionally, data sets of share of voice and a Likert scale survey are compared to generate a general audience perspective. The results of the study yielded the horror genre as having the least financial incentive to include diversity in film. As a result of modern, diverse horror being valued by audiences while spending significantly less on average to market and produce the films, compared to its non-diverse counterpart, a thematic shift within the horror genre may occur within the upcoming decade.
Raikan Ysmailova, Tolgonai Imankulova, Zamira Kalmamatova, Gulsina Zhakaeva, Sonaiym Kochkonbaeva, Zhypargul Abdullaeva, Zhyldyz Turgunbaeva, Dinara Salieva, Bekzada Adylbekova, Malinbu Zhusubalieva
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.111001

Abstract:
This article is investigating the development of the English language and its influence on global communication in the world. Globalization has both positive and negative effects on existing languages, integration between countries and cultures as it involves changes. Survey and interview methods are applied for the determination of various people’s level of foreign language knowledge and opinions about globalization. Practical implication in this work is to inform society about globalization through the foreign language expansion, the language transmission through lexicon or vocabulary, and the grammar.
Maurizio Esposito, Elena Addessi
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 52-63; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.112005

Abstract:
Italy was reached by the pandemic 21 February 2020. Right away, Social Services launched initiatives to support and respond to the needs of vulnerable people, strengthening their professional experiences and changing, in a flexible manner, their ways of intervening. Social workers have woven the network, which now allows ensuring people the continuity of emergency interventions. By reorganizing their services, they have started innovative ways of being closer to people, to families and local communities, re-creating and strengthening relationships and social networks. In networking, social workers have a connecting role in creating links and synergies between various formal and informal resources in order to promote the well-being of the individual. The modus operandi of social workers is constantly evolving, as they are becoming promoters of the process of change and creators of new best practices that shape, with new professional awareness, the new social and historical context marked by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Weihan Liu
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 25-31; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.111003

Abstract:
Between 1933 and 1941, approximately 30,000 Jewish refugees arrived on the coast of Shanghai. While some of them passed through to other countries for sanctuary, most of them stayed in Shanghai until the war ended. These refugees represented the Third Wave of Jewish migration into Shanghai. In the light of the Sino-Japanese war, the governing authorities in Shanghai tried to stem the influx of Jewish refugees. Despite this pressure, the Jewish refugees managed to not only enter Shanghai but quickly create thriving communities in the Tilanqiao area. This paper argues that they were able to do this because of extensive help provided by already established Jewish communities in Shanghai and overseas organizations such as the Joint Distribution Committee. The support provided by these entities is often underplayed in the official historical reports of this time. Using documentary evidence and refugee memoirs, this paper will argue that in the absence of this help from the Jewish communities and overseas organizations, the Jewish refugees would not have been able to enter Shanghai, escape Nazi persecution and thrive in the way that they did.
Rawnaq Ara Parvin, Shariful Islam, Mst. Sharmin Akter, Shaikh Shahriar Mohammod, Bokul Hossain, Sarawat Rashid
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 65-80; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.113006

Abstract:
As a developing nation, Bangladeshi people had to work during lockdown which is the result of a sudden outbreak of COVID-19. It creates different problems in day to day life of common people. The present study, therefore, attempts to understand the socio-economic crisis and mental stress in managing the family within the limited resources of Bangladesh during the lockdown period. The data was collected via a snowball sampling survey method by using a semi-structured questionnaire. Datasets were analyzed through different statistical tools like mean, standard deviation, and percentage. Research shows that female and aged people are much anxious about being affected. Petty business runners are much worried about their basic earning. Affording food to a family within a foreseeable economic crisis, brunt from job loss, the propensity of commodity’s high price, wariness for child’s academic career through e-learning led people distressed. Insomnia, fatigue, helplessness, distress are notable problems during the time of lockdown. Research finds that mental pressure results from insufficient sleep are creating short temper and chaos in the family and social life also. Strengthening the medical system, creating mass consciousness, implicating time-oriented policy with psycho-social upshots can mitigate the fragility of psychological stress.
Lucio Meglio
Sociology Mind, Volume 11, pp 95-104; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2021.113008

Abstract:
The hypothesis of this research is that, although not explicitly stated, the attitude of the two pontiffs of youth against has been changed. A demonstration of this thesis was conducted a thorough analysis on the data provided by samples of papal speeches, using as a methodological tool program textual analysis Atlas.ti 5.0. Not only are there differences in the type of communication with young people established by the two popes, but also a different emotional tone is highlighted by the analysis of textual qualifiers. Even in some images there is a greater proximity compared to the previous public youth Pope John Paul II.
S. Nyock Ilouga, A. C. Moussa Mouloungui, Adalgisa Battistelli
Sociology Mind, Volume 10, pp 127-148; https://doi.org/10.4236/sm.2020.103009

Abstract:
The lack of validated evaluation tools on African continent is detrimental to the development of action research, particularly in entrepreneurship. The challenge is to reinforce existing mechanisms that can promote entrepreneurial behavior and at the same time capture the personal dynamics involved in transforming entrepreneurial intention into action. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate measurement tools to evaluate the opinions of Cameroonians in the face of entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial occupation. The results, obtained from a sample of 2552 students, self-made men and women, revealed a three-dimensional scale (factor 1: Benefactor, 36.68% of the variance; factor 2: Commitment and capacities, 25.7% of the variance; factor 3: availing, 16.64% variance) whose internal validity (.89) and the stability of the factor structure ensure good psychometric qualities to the tools.
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