Archives of Current Research International

Journal Information
EISSN : 2454-7077
Published by: Sciencedomain International (10.9734)
Total articles ≅ 434
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Archives of Current Research International pp 58-71; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i630253

Abstract:
We present multiparametric rational solutions to the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation (KPI). These solutions of order N depend on 2N − 2 real parameters. Explicit expressions of the solutions at order 3 are given. They can be expressed as a quotient of a polynomial of degree 2N(N +1)−2 in x, y and t by a polynomial of degree 2N(N +1) in x, y and t, depending on 2N − 2 real parameters. We study the patterns of their modulus in the (x,y) plane for different values of time t and parameters.
, Martin Kustati, Fitrah Santosa
Archives of Current Research International pp 42-57; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i630252

Abstract:
Geneological perspective differences on the Jakarta Charter had become the main cause for some Islamic groups to have an endless struggle in embodying Islamism and Islamic ideology formalism as the basis of their philosophy and ideology. Compromise and radicalism are part of the movement of these groups. This study aims to examine the supporters’ movement of the understanding of Islamism and Islamic Idiology formalism in order to get involve in Indonesian political system. The phenomenological constructivism approach is used in understanding the views of New Order Regime and Reforms Regime in dealing with Islamism and Islamic idiology formalism which are taken from interview and document analysis. The results of the study show that the radical issues are far more than the normal level of the Indonesian Islam movement. The concerns of certain groups which are oriented towards the Islamic movement in Indonesia are more co-opted in an anti-Islamic global network sponsored by the United States. The status of the New Order Regime and the Reform Regime do not differ significantly in addressing various state issues related to the issues of the Islamic movement. For these two regimes, Islamism is still seen as a movement that must be tightly controlled, radical issues and terrorism are the most effective political instruments for controlling Islamic nationalism groups whose views differ from secular nationalist groups with regard to national philosophy and identity.
A. A. Usman, T. S. Olugbemi, J. J. Omage, K. M. Aljameel
Archives of Current Research International pp 32-41; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i630251

Abstract:
The study was carried out at the poultry unit of the Department of Animal Science teaching and research farm, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria to determine the chemical and microbial analysis of poultry litter (wood shavings) treated with graded levels of alum. The alum used was obtained from the Sabon-gari market in Zaria, Kaduna State. The rates of alum application (prior to keeping the birds) was as follows: T1 control (normal wood shavings with no alum), T2 (5% alum by kg weight of wood shavings), T3 (10% alum by kg weight of wood shavings) and T4 (15% alum by kg weight of wood shavings). Five sets of litter samples were obtained fortnightly from each pen from different locations i.e. the four corners and center from which the microbial load, pH, total nitrogen (N), soluble reactive phosphorus, VFA and NH4+ concentration were measured. The result shows significantly (P<0.05) lower pH value in all the alum treated wood shavings groups (5%, 10% and 15% alum treated wood shavings) compared to the control. The result showed that significantly (P<0.05) lower total volatile fatty acid level was obtained in all the alum treated wood shavings groups (5%, 10% and 15% alum treated wood shavings) compared to the control untreated wood shaving group. The results showed a decrease in total bacteria, E. coli and Salmonella spp. load in alum treated wood shavings groups (5%, 10% and 15% alum treated wood shavings) compared to the control, while mould and yeast load was increased in all the alum treated wood shavings groups (5%, 10% and 15% alum treated wood shavings) compared to the control. The study conclude that treating wood shavings with alum can reduce microbial load of the litter, hence improve health and reduce mortality. Treating wood shavings with alum tends reduce the microbial load of the litter.
Archives of Current Research International pp 9-31; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i630250

Abstract:
In this study, we define the binomial transform of the generalized fourth order Pell sequenceand as special cases, the binomial transform of the fourth order Pell and fourth order Pell-Lucassequences will be introduced. We investigate their properties in details.
, João Pedro Arantes Da Cunha, Emily Ruiz Cavalcante, Rachel Carvalho Lemos, Mariana Pavão De Araújo Gemperli Zatti, Fabiana Moreira Coutinho, Jordão Raphael Fujii Ramos, Gabriela Felix Dias Lima, Guilherme Hideo Da Costa Ota, Aline Cabral Lira, et al.
Archives of Current Research International pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i630249

Abstract:
Introduction: The Bioceanic Routeand its economic integration will have tremendous impact within the cities under management. The state of Mato Grosso do Sul and interior municipalities of the Paraguay-Brazil Border are standouts. The permanence of these workers in Brazilian territory will lead to a rapid increase in population in the border towns connected by the corridor and consequently, in the incidence of infectious diseases. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative and descriptive study of documentary approach that aimed to analyze the prevalence of tropical infectious diseases such asarboviroses and Diseases Related to Inadequate Environmental Sanitation (DRIES) notified and stored in the National System of Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). The sample consisted of new cases of these pathologies in the municipality of Porto Murtinho registered between January 2017 and December 2020. Results: Within the period analyzed, an increase of 10% in the total number of diseases occured. The number of dengue cases increased 36 times its previous rates; there was a maintenance from cases of Leptospirosis, Yellow Fever, Zika, Chikungunya, whereas the incidence of Syphilis, HIV and HPV decreased. Conclusions: Actions aimed at preventing the increase of Arboviruses and DRIESI before, during and after the construction of the Bioceanic Route are needed in view of the changes that will be imposed by it. Faced with the increase in the flow of people that is inevitable with the construction of this project, several outcomes are expected based on previous experiences already mentioned in this work.
, Victor Tuanwii, Felix Eedee Konne, Fyneface Chikadibia Amadi, Friday Ogidigba
Archives of Current Research International pp 38-41; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530248

Abstract:
Increased prevalence and incidence rates within ethnic minorities have been reported by numerous studies on tribal differences in type 2 diabetes patients, sharing a western setting. This study was aimed at comparing glycemic indices among different ethnic groups residing in Yenegoa, Bayelsa State. The study population consisted of apparently150 healthy male and female subjects; 116 Ijaws, 21 Igbos and 13 Yorubas residing in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State of Nigeria. All subjects were aged between 16 and 48 years. 4 mls of Blood samples was collected from each subject. 2mls of the blood was withdrawn into EDTA for HbA1c estimation while the other 2mls was withdrawn into fluoride oxalate for fasting blood glucose. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was determined using the automated CLOVER A1c Analyser while FBG was assayed using Glucose Oxidase Method. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in the mean levels of FBG among the studied groups (P-value < 0.05) but there was no significant difference in the HbA1c mean levels (P-value > 0.05). This study has revealed that ethnic differences may cause significant changes on fasting blood glucose but may not in HbA1c.
M. M. Mika’Ilu, A. A. Kwaido, S. A. Maigandi, I. M. Ribah, K. M. Aljameel, A. K. Muhammad
Archives of Current Research International pp 30-37; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530247

Abstract:
The experiment was carried out at Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero using thirty two (32) yearlings Uda Rams in two feeding trials ran concurrently. Sixteen (16) rams were used in each experiment with four treatments replicated four times in a completely randomized factorial design (2 × 4). The animal represents the replicates while the processing method (drying and ensiling) and the level of inclusion represents the treatments respectively. The level of inclusion are 0, 10, 20 and 30% dried cassava peels (DCP) and ensiled cassava peels (ECP) respectively. Data were collected in each trial on hematological characteristics. Data generated was subjected to analysis of variance and least significant difference (LSD) was used to separate the means. Hematological values of rams fed DCP were within the normal range while those fed ECP were below the normal range. The results shows significant difference (P<0.05) between dried and ensiled method of processing in terms of haemoglobin, MCH, WBC and MCV. Rams fed dried cassava peels had lower haemoglobin and PCV compared to normal range. It was concluded that there was no significant difference between rams fed dried cassava peels and those fed ensiled cassava peels at 30% level of inclusion.
H. B. Usman, K. M. Aljameel, M. M. Mika’Ilu, S. A. Maigandi, A. Z. Sanusi, S. Ibrahim
Archives of Current Research International pp 23-29; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530246

Abstract:
The study investigated the effect of graded levels of cloves bud powder on broiler birds. The study was conducted using a total of 288 broiler birds in a Completely Randomized Design Four treatments; four experimental diets where formulated and designated as T1 (control), T2 (0.5kg/100kg), T3 (1Kg/100kg) and T4 (1.5kg/100Kg). At the end of the feeding trial (eighth week), fifteen birds (5 per replicate) from each treatment group were randomly selected for blood collection. About 2ml of blood were collected per bird. Birds in treatment 4 (1.5kg/100kg) had the highest (P<0.05) concentration of haemoglobin and PCV compared to treatment 1 (control) and 3 (1kg/100kg). Significant difference (P<0.05) was observed in albumin, globulin, total protein, HDL, cholesterol, urea, AST and ALT. The result shows that birds fed 1.5/100kg clove buds meal have higher albumin, globulin and total protein. The study conclude that inclusion of clove buds meal up to 1.5/100kg in diet of broiler birds without adverse effect as in indicated by haematological and serum biochemical of the birds in this study.
, D. A. Babaiwa
Archives of Current Research International pp 16-22; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530245

Abstract:
2D Electrical Resistivity (ER) and Instantaneous Potential (IP) geophysical techniques were used at Eziama village in Abia state of Nigeria to investigate possible Pb-Zn mineralization. The dipole-dipole electrode configuration was employed for data acquisition and Earth Imager software was used for inversion of the acquired data. The analysis of the result of the study showed the presence of the Pb-Zn ore along traverses 1, 2 and 3 while traverses 4 and 5 appear barren. Along traverse 1, the mineralized zone falls within the fractured basement and is characterized by low resistivity (about 316 – 5623 ohm-m) and high chargeability (33.2 – 128 ns) at lateral distance of 73 – 103 m. On traverse two, the ore body was identified at lateral distance of about -18 to 53 m as delineated on the IP structure with resistivity and chargeability of the anomalous zone ranging from 4.6 – 677 ohm-m and 41.8 – 142 ns respectively at depth of about 21.4 m while on traverse three, two ore bodies labeled a, a’ and b, b’ on the ER and IP cross-sections were delineated at lateral distance of about -130 to -93 m and 78 to 98 m respectively with depth to the top of the suspected ore bodies ranging from about 7.1 m for body ‘a’ and about 14.3 m for ‘a’. Traverses four and five however showed no prospect for Pb-Zn mineralization. The result of this investigation has once again demonstrated the usefulness of combined electrical resistivity and induced polarization techniques in solid mineral exploration.
Eleazar C. Nwogu, Felix N. Nwobi,
Archives of Current Research International pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530244

Abstract:
This study proposes a modified Preston-Bennett method for the estimation of adult mortality in developing countries. Unlike the previous method, the proposed method derives estimates of adult mortality directly from the 5-year age distribution at the mid-point of the inter-censal period. In other words, it does not convert the 5-year age distributions to single years before estimation. Results obtained from empirical studies compared favourably well with those from the original Preston-Bennett method and therefore, recommend for the estimation of adult mortality in developing countries.
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