Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1979-2522 / 2549-0168
Published by: Al-Jamiah Research Centre (10.14421)
Total articles ≅ 95
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A. Rani Usman, Ahmad Fauzan, Azman Sulaiman
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 368-383; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1890

Abstract:
Karya audio-visual atau sinema adalah sarana strategis dalam proses komunikasi antar-budaya sebuah komunitas. Sejauh ini media film kerap dipakai sebagai alat propaganda kepentingan politik partisan dan parsial yang melahirkan kesalahpahaman untuk memahami sebuah kebudayaan. Penghancuran makna dan nilai budaya milik sebuah bangsa selalu melibatkan media audio-visual untuk menciptakan efek psikologis lebih jauh dalam usaha membangun opini dan menggalang massa. Iran dan kebudayaannya menjadi korban dari kesalahpahaman duni, namun film-film produksi sineas Iran kemudian membuka ‘dialog kebudayaan’ secara artistik dan berwibawa. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menemukan pola komunikasi budaya Iran melalui media sinema dan melihat simbol-simbol kebudayaan Iran mempengaruhi komunikasi budaya. Penelitian kualitatif memakai metode diskriptif analisis pada anasir komunikasi budaya yang diintroduksi pesan-pesan dalam film-film Iran. Metode ini berupaya menafsirkan makna dan perilaku yang ditampilkan manusia dalam situasi tertentu menurut perspektif teori yang dipakai. Hasil pembahasan menunjukkan bahwa tiga film karya sutradara terkenal dari Iran Majid Majidi yaitu; Children of Heaven, Colur of Paradise dan Baran sangat efektif mengomunikasikan segala hal penting dalam kebudayaan Iran untuk melihat dan mendalami semangat ketahanan masyarakat Iran hari ini yang jarang termaktub dalam berita-berita akibat politik global. Representasi kebudayaan Iran disana sangat natural dan sederhana tanpa memakai rekayasa gambar (visual-effect) dalam cerita sehari-sehari. Reproduksi kebudayaan Iran dalam ketiga film di atas memakai pendekatan dan sudut-pengambilan-gambar (shooting) yang terukur, intens dan subtil. Semangat sufisme dan altruime mencuat dalam proses produksi dan kontens sinematik Iran.
Yuli Candrasari, Salshabilla Permata, Afifah Rachmania, Dyva Claretta
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 310-324; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1875

Abstract:
The growth in the number of netizens is now the impact of increasingly easy internet penetration and high penetration of social media that is easily accessed via smartphone gadgets. Research conducted by Candrasari (2016) states that female internet users cannot be separated from their social media. Within a day of 2-3 hours, his time is spent accessing digital media. Therefore digital competencies are needed for girls to avoid the negative effects of the internet. The purpose of this study is to get a picture of the competence of adolescent girls. Digital competence is a form of using technology safely and critically to facilitate work, get entertainment and to communicate (E. Encabo & Murcia, J: 2011: 166). This research was conducted on adolescent girls in Surabaya with qualitative research methods. Data obtained through in-depth interviews, participant observation, and literature studies. The results of the study indicate that the digital competence of adolescent girls is still not good, especially in the categories of skills using the internet, information management and responsibility for using internet which is still low. Only in the category of communication and sharing digital competence of young women is good
Muhamad Isnaini, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Rilus A. Kinseng, Kholil Kholil
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 260-275; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1909

Abstract:
The research background relates to the intergroup conflicts involving some street gangs in Johar Baru Sub District, Central Jakarta. Most of the street gangs in Johar Baru Sub District have each territory. Small matters from mocking one another, miscommunication to rumors which jeopardize the power of the street gangs, can trigger a serious thing: brawls with high fatality rate for several days. The research aims to analyze the pattern of rivalry and alliance network established among the street gangs. This study uses a quantitative approach. The research methods analyzed ego-centered communication networks. After analyzing the communication networks, the inter-group mapping was obtained and in turn, it would be useful as a means of a communication intervention to reduce and prevent inter-group conflicts. Data collection was carried out in a kind of a census towards 40 street gangs in Johar Baru Sub-District and it got the support of the in-depth interviews with several key informants. Research results shows: the communication networks analysis reveal that rivalry and alliance among the street gangs have positioned Gembrong street gang as the centre of rivalry and alliance with the radial communication pattern indices of low network density (10.71 for the rivalry network; 0.00 for the alliance network) and low network closure (0.10 for rivalry network and 0.00 for alliance network). This research contributes to identify which groups have a bigger role in intergroup conflicts.
Dyah Pithaloka, Cutra Aslinda
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 242-259; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1947

Abstract:
Pekanbaru is the capital city of Riau Province in Indonesia which is known for its progressive trading that made it into a multi-ethnic city. Accordingly, the most ethnic group in Pekanbaru city is the Minangkabau with 40.96% of the total population, followed by Malays who are the native of Riau province, then Javanese, Batak, and Chinese. There is an interesting phenomenon related to youth self-concept from Minangkabau (Minang) as the majority tribe who don’t acknowledge themselves as Minangnese when they interacting with their peers from across tribes. In that situation, they choose to call themselves “Orang Pekanbaru” which means people who originated from Pekanbaru city instead. The study conducted on Minangnese students from Riau Islamic University (UIR) who were born and residing in Pekanbaru. Using snowball sampling and interview techniques researchers analyze their self-concept and the factors that influence it. This study concludes that the student's self-concept dynamically changes throughout their development age. So, they see themselves Minangnese during their childhood era, then as they grow to teenage it turns into a negative feeling in the sense that he does not want to be considered a descendant of Minangnese, and later when they becoming a university student he starts to see himself as a Minangnese back with better perception. Some of the factors that influence them as teenagers are their view on the cultural gap among tribes in Pekanbaru, whereas the factors that make it changes again as students caused by the development of the mindsets.
Fachrur Rizha, Sutrisno Sutrisno, Julia Noviani
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 276-289; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1889

Abstract:
The majority of religious beliefs in Central Aceh Regency are Muslim. Only a few immigrants such as Chinese and Batak ethnic groups who have religion other than Islam. As a minority group, cultural differences, religious symbols and rituals tend to attract attention and sometimes can cause ripple effects that lead to dispute in the community. This study aimed to describe the communication patterns developed by religious minorities in adapting to the culture of indigenous Muslims in Central Aceh Regency. This study used qualitative research with subject representatives of religious organizations, representatives of religious leaders, and people with minority religious backgrounds in Central Aceh Regency. The results showed that religious minorities live side by side with the indigenous Muslim community. Communication patterns built by religious minorities in social interaction are carried out in two models, interpersonal and group communication. In interpersonal communication, religious minorities prioritize a cultural approach, including by using language, culture and customs that are inherent in indigenous Muslims. While, in group communication, religious minorities put forward group representatives in the Forum for Religious Harmony (FKUB) in building harmony and cultural adaptation in order to avoid potential disputes in the future.
Phang Lifia Monica Christian, Daru Purnomo, Dewi Kartika Sari
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 325-339; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1950

Abstract:
Instagram Stories is one of the main features of Instagram. Indonesia becomes one of the most active countries in using and creating Instagram Stories content compared to other countries. However, the use of the Instagram Stories feature has raised concerns because of the daily activities, such as food consumed, holiday activities, and emotions that become the public consumptions by sharing moments using photos or videos through the Instagram Stories feature. When people use the feature on Instagram Stories to take moments and daily activities, this behavior triggers the ignorance of social interactions surrounding them because they only focus on creating Instagram Stories. The phenomenon of the moments’ preservation through Instagram Stories feature can create phubbing behavior as a definition that describes someone’s indifferent behavior in an environment. They tend to focus on their smartphones rather than interacting with their surroundings. This study was conducted to explore the influence of using Instagram Stories on Generation Z’s phubbing behavior in Salatiga city. It used quantitative methods with the linear regression technique. It used a purposive random sampling technique with 397 respondents as the samples. The result of this study showed that the use of Instagram Stories affects the phubbing behavior in Generation Z in Salatiga, as for the percentage of the influence of the variable use in Instagram Stories toward phubbing behavior is 31.1%. The rest, which is 68.9%, is affected by other factors outside of the use of Instagram Stories that were not conducted by the researchers
Bono Setyo
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 356-367; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.2002

Abstract:
One of the biggest global challenges of this era is the rise in extreme violent behavior (extremism) and radicalization among the younger generation, especially high school students. The most prominent extremism and radicalism today is religion-based, which is generally driven by the exclusivity of ideological, political, racial or ethnic groups. We cannot deny the fact that the group most vulnerable to extremism and radicalism is a group of middle school students, given their age in the search for identity and sometimes burning by excess energy which if not channeled into positive channels can actually increase the tendency of extremism and radicalization. One of the biggest determinants of extremist tendencies and radicalization towards students is the teacher and the school environment. Compared with parents, teachers have more frequency and intensity of interaction with them, so teachers are expected to be able to teach and give examples of character values such as attitude of respect, tolerance, mutual respect for differences, honesty, and others. Therefore the inculcation of values is characterized by preventing extremism and radicalization and must be preceded by efforts to increase teacher understanding through media literacy.
Hasbullah Azis, Pawito Pawito, Agung Satyawan
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 340-355; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1841

Abstract:
Using a communication mediation model, the present study tested the influencing factor of social media utilization on the political engagement on social media. Through O-S-O-R model proposed by McLeod, Kosicki, and McLeod, this study tested the correlation between pre-exposure (motivation) – Stimulus (media social use) – post-exposure orientation (political efficacy) – Response (political engagement) in the context of Chinese youth of Singkawang. By analyzing the Pearson correlation and linear regression of 125 respondents collected through a questionnaire, this model resulted in several findings, for example, motivation had a relationship with the use of social media for political information purposes where social utility motives had a more significant effect than other motives. The use of political information media had an influence on an individual's internal and collective efficacy rather than external efficacy. Political efficacy generated by the use of social media had an influence on the political engagement of Singkawang Chinese youth even though external efficacy was deemed a negative predictor of political engagement.
Ujang Asmara, Deddy Mulyana, Henny Srimulyani Rohayati
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 197-211; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1872

Abstract:
This study aimed to determine the construction of cross-border smoke haze (Transboundary Haze Pollution) on detik.com and malaysiakini.com news portal. This study used qualitative method with critical discourse analysis (Critical Discourse Analysis/ CDA) from Teun A. van Dijk’s Model. The results of this study showed that both the reporters detik.com and malaysiakini.com thematically used certain language prominence in writing the news. That was done to attract the attention of the readers. From these two different news portals, it could be concluded that each media was influenced by the interest of each country. It was also very clear that each media did not want to blame the state itself and pro-government. Schematically, from the beginning, detik.com reporters directed that Malaysia corner Indonesia not only through the issue of fog but also touched on the issue of the invasion of pigs. Whereas in the news portal malaysiakini.com, the journalist had directed the reader to the protest letter posted by Malaysia to the Indonesian government. While, semantically, detik.com reporters saw that Malaysia truly blames Indonesia without looking at companies from their countries which involved in forest and land fires in the Indonesian territory. On the malaysiakini.com portal, they dismissed it by making a phrase wanting to help the Indonesian government in dealing with fires that occurred in Indonesian territory.
Musa Saimon
Profetik: Jurnal Komunikasi, Volume 13, pp 184-196; doi:10.14421/pjk.v13i2.1688

Abstract:
Human beings need feedback all the time so as to improve and (or) maintain certain behaviour. However, not every feedback can help one improve or maintain his/her behavior, unless they are appropriately given in a way they are constructive. Much of informal learning on different life aspects including feedback giving practices is done through media. As participants in media programs or viewers, we are much influenced by whatever goes on in the media. Consequently, there is high need to ensure media practices are appropriate so that they can influence the society in a very positive manner. This study analyses feedback giving practices among judges of Bongo Star search program using feedback giving principle. The data used in this study are video clips of BSS in 2015 episode 10. Results show that Bongo Star Search judges with regard to feedback giving principle did not observe the relevant principles to large extent and with regard to the feedback giving principle, they did not observe the principle description to a relatively large extent. Accordingly, the study calls for training among judges of Bongo Star Search on how to give effective feedback.
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