Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

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ISSN / EISSN : 0301-2212 / 1179-6391
Published by: Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd (10.2224)
Total articles ≅ 3,915
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Latest articles in this journal

Yi Cui, Xinchi Zhang, Na Liu, Qin Liu, Lanfang Zhang, Yinling Zhang
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11485

Abstract:
Psychological stress is closely related to the mental and physical health of soldiers. We explored the relationships between stress, optimistic intelligence, and emotion regulation in Chinese Navy personnel (N = 452), who completed the General Information Questionnaire, the Psychological Stress Self-Evaluation Test, the Chinese Adult Optimistic Intelligence Quotient Questionnaire, and the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in this cross-sectional study. Results show that stress was negatively correlated with perceived happiness and the ability to respond positively to negative events, and positively correlated with emotional regulation, cognitive reappraisal, and expressive suppression. These findings indicate that comprehensive measures using positive psychology techniques should be taken to reduce stress among naval soldiers to enhance their well-being and the military's combat readiness.
Xiao-Ying Su, Ling-Yun Wang, Long Zhang
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11148

Abstract:
We utilized self-determination theory to understand employees' proactive behavior. Assuming that organization-based self-esteem (OBSE) is a key variable influencing employees' satisfaction status, we proposed that leader–member exchange (LMX) and team–member exchange (TMX) would affect employees' proactive behavior through their OBSE, and that LMX and TMX would interact, whereby TMX would increase proactive behavior through affecting OBSE when individuals experience low-quality LMX. Data were collected from 315 employees in a Chinese company. The results show that workplace relationships positively affected OBSE and employees' proactive behavior, and OBSE played a mediating role in these relationships. TMX increased employees' OBSE and proactive behavior under the condition of low-quality LMX. Our results highlight the consequences of workplace interpersonal interactions on OBSE and proactive behavior. Practical solutions for enhancing employee motivation are recommended.
Gahye Hong, Eunmi Kim
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.10218

Abstract:
We investigated the relationship between expatriate candidates' cultural intelligence (CQ) and organizational attractiveness, and examined the moderating role of the host location as a boundary condition of this relationship. Korean participants (N = 407) randomly took one of two assignment locations (Vietnam or US) and answered questions on individual ability in acceptance of cultures, and willingness to be assigned to an expatriate position in each location. Results show that CQ was positively related to organizational attractiveness, and applicants with high CQ were more positive in their choice of an assignment in Vietnam (vs. US). Therefore, to recruit talented expatriates to emerging countries, in particular, managers should consider the CQ of expatriate candidates.
Moonju Sung, Dong-Yeol Yoon, Caleb Seung-Hyun Han
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11275

Abstract:
We investigated the effect of job autonomy on engagement at work, focusing on the mediating role of psychological meaningfulness. To test our hypotheses, we analyzed responses to a survey completed by 486 employees of private organizations in the US. The results show that job autonomy had a positive relationship with engagement, and with psychological meaningfulness. The relationship between job autonomy and work engagement was moderated by learning culture. Our results can help corporate managers understand employees' engagement at work, and contribute to an understanding of how job elements and work context promote engagement through perceived psychological meaningfulness.
Kequn Chu, Fengshu Zhu
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11414

Abstract:
Effort–reward imbalance can predict aggressive behavior, but the mechanism of its influence is not yet clear to researchers. Thus, in this study we explored the mediating roles of perceived justice and hostile attribution in the relationship between effort–reward imbalance and aggressive behavior in an educational setting. Using the Effort–Reward Imbalance Scale for University Students, the Chinese version of the Perceived Justice Scale for College Students, the hostile attribution subscale of the Social Information Processing Attribution Bias Questionnaire, and the Chinese version of the Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire, we conducted a survey with 1,660 Chinese undergraduates. The results show that perceived justice played a mediating role in the relationship between effort–reward imbalance and aggressive behavior, as did hostile attribution. In addition, perceived justice and hostile attribution had a chain mediating effect in the link between effort–reward imbalance and aggressive behavior. Thus, effort–reward imbalance affects aggressive behavior not only directly but also indirectly through perceived justice and hostile attribution. Our findings enrich the literature on aggressive behavior by helping to understand how individuals become aggressive after the frustrating experience of receiving insufficient reward for their efforts.
Xiaochuan Jiang, Yizhuo Li, Yanhui Hou, Nicholas Chima, Jianfeng Yang
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11421

Abstract:
Although the Student Career Construction Inventory (SCCI) has been used in many countries to measure the career adapting responses of college students, the applicability of the SCCI for use with Chinese college students has not yet been tested. Thus, we analyzed data from 411 college students who completed the SCCI and other related scales. The results support the second-order factor structure of the SCCI, and we found that the four dimensions, and the SCCI as a whole, were reliable. Students who scored higher on the SCCI scored higher on measures of career exploration, career planning, and career engagement, supporting the high congruent validity of the SCCI. Students with higher SCCI scores also showed stronger vocational identity and higher academic achievement, supporting the high criterion validity of the measure. Finally, the SCCI demonstrated scalar invariance across genders. Generally, the results show that the Chinese version of the SCCI is a valid and reliable scale for assessing college students' career adaptation thoughts and behaviors.
Qian Xu, Lin Shao, Shilong Zhao, Jingjing Cai, Lulu Lu, Boshi Wang, Peng Liu
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11384

Abstract:
Nutrition is a critical public health concern for older adults and could be influenced by psychosocial factors. We explored the relationships of social support, positive psychological capital, and nutritional status among older adults from the perspective of positive psychology. We used random sampling to recruit 151 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and over, and they took part in face-to-face or telephone interviews using a standardized questionnaire. Hierarchical linear regression and bootstrapping analyses were applied to examine mediation effects. The results show that there were significant positive correlations between the participants' social support, positive psychological capital, and nutritional status. Furthermore, we found a significant mediating effect of positive psychological capital in the relationship between social support and nutritional status. These findings are of significance for adopting positive psychology interventions to maintain and improve older adults' nutritional status.
Zhengbo Gao, Yanbo Guo, Haikang Wei
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11514

Abstract:
In this study we added to the literature on leader–member exchange (LMX) and employee creativity by focusing on the mediating role of Zhongyong thinking in this relationship. We collected data from 295 employees at a state-owned manufacturing company in China, using a paper-and-pencil survey. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypotheses. Results show that both LMX and Zhongyong thinking were positively related to employee creativity, and Zhongyong thinking partially mediated this relationship. Our findings show the importance of both LMX and Zhongyong thinking in facilitating employee creativity, and provide a practical guide to enhance employee creativity.
Yang Song, Sitong Liu, Yongfang Liu
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11420

Abstract:
Previous research on family triangulation has mainly focused on nuclear family triangulation. In this study we explored the effects of family-of-origin triangulation on marital stability in China, and the mediating roles of parenting sense of competence and coparenting. Participants were 1,144 Chinese parents aged 24 to 48 years, who completed surveys on family-of-origin triangulation, parenting sense of competence, coparenting, and marital stability. The results show that family-of-origin triangulation was negatively associated with marital stability. This relationship was mediated by coparenting, but the mediating effect of parenting sense of competence was nonsignificant. In addition, parenting sense of competence and coparenting sequentially mediated the relationship between family-of-origin triangulation and marital stability. Our findings highlight the risk of harm to marital stability from family-of-origin triangulation.
Laurent Cishahayo, Qian Yang, Yueji Zhu, Fang Wang
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Volume 50, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.11247

Abstract:
Chemical packaging waste from pesticides in agricultural lands may cause chronic environmental pollution and health issues if disposed of inappropriately. Using data collected from 632 banana farmers in China through stratified random sampling, we employed the endogenous switching probit model to estimate the relationship between learning behavior and farmers' environmental awareness, and the treatment effect model to examine the association between environmental awareness and farmers' chemical packaging waste disposal behavior. The results show that farmers who participated (vs. did not participate) in self-learning and social learning had greater awareness of environmental protection. Additionally, farmers with greater (vs. less) environmental awareness tended to dispose of chemical waste at appropriate trash sites, underscoring the positive role of environmental awareness in the management of pesticide packaging waste for promoting sustainable agriculture. Implications of the findings are discussed.
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