The Journal of Transport History

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0022-5266 / 1759-3999
Published by: SAGE Publications (10.1177)
Total articles ≅ 1,961
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The Journal of Transport History; https://doi.org/10.1177/00225266211030178

Abstract:
The paper focuses on various forms of illegal and semi-illegal activities, mainly smuggling and black marketeering as experienced by transport workers during the 1970s and 1980s in former Czechoslovakia. It is based primarily on several dozens of oral history interviews recorded with people from river, sea, air, and road transport. The interview analysis (together with archival resources) shows that while there were significant differences in the scope and types of these “transactions” in various transport fields, the risks and benefits were very similar. The second part reflects on “negotiations” between the uses of the opportunity to obtain money and goods abroad (sometimes in semi-illegal or illegal ways) and the fear of losing this chance, and eventually of losing the job, which was one of the most common punishments. This was a great threat, often more for the very love of the profession than for material benefits.
The Journal of Transport History, Volume 42, pp 121-141; https://doi.org/10.1177/0022526620985073

Abstract:
This paper presents a survey conducted among the community of transport historians, on the occasion of the annual conference of the main association in this field, T2M. The survey collected quantitative and qualitative data on air travel by these scholars during 2019. The paper discusses the weight of social factors (gender, academic position, age) in the carbon footprint of these researchers due to flying. It shows the strong dependence of this community on flying, perceived as the only system likely to meet the need for physical encounters, particularly for conferences and the life of academic networks. It also shows that these historians see the issue of the airplane as a moral problem for which their institutions are expected to propose solutions. However, the scale of the weight of long-haul flights seems to be underestimated by the scholars' perception, while it raises questions about the ability to find alternative solutions.
Henk-Jan Dekker
The Journal of Transport History; https://doi.org/10.1177/00225266211011935

Abstract:
This article argues that mopeds played an ambivalent but ultimately positive role in the long-term success of Dutch cycling. Unlike in many other countries, Dutch cycling levels dropped but remained significant throughout the 1950s and 1960s, partly because cycling infrastructure continued to be constructed. One underexplored factor explaining this is the role of mopeds in the 1950s. The Netherlands constructed a significant network of cycle paths before the 1950s. When mopeds became popular, the existence of this network raised the question of where they should ride. Engineers and politicians classified mopeds as bicycles, assigning them to the cycle path. As a result, engineers decided to build more and wider cycle paths. Despite the danger and discomfort of sharing cycling paths, cyclists therefore also benefited in the long run from the decision to reframe cycle paths as cycle-and-moped paths.
Konstantinos Chatzis
The Journal of Transport History; https://doi.org/10.1177/00225266211005753

Abstract:
Based on a variety of primary sources, ranging from academic publications to grey literature to interviews, this article tells the story of Emme, a traffic forecasting software package. Designed as a prototype within the University of Montreal in the late 1970s/early 1980s and regularly enhanced by the Canadian firm INRO since then, Emme has been massively used as a commercial product for urban transport planning throughout the world. Bringing to the fore a much neglected, albeit crucial, theme in transport and mobility studies, i.e., the various mathematical tools (models) – and the actors involved in their production – conceived and utilized for designing transport infrastructures and mobility programs and policies, this article may also be of interest to scholars working in fields other than transport and interested in a series of topics ranging from the increasing commercialization of academic knowledge to the organization of knowledge intensive firms.
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