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Results in Journal Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia: 98

(searched for: journal_id:(884296))
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Nursamsi Nursamsi, Rita Nurmalina, Amzul Rifin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 141-156; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.139-154

Abstract:
The government's commitment to realize national food security through overcome food insecurity and malnutrition as the main program of the Ministry of Agriculture. This study aims to analyze differences in consumption of protein commodities based on two provincial categories and the effect of changes in prices and income on demand of protein commodities. The two provincial catagories are provinces which has protein consumption below Adequacy Rate of Protein (AKP), namely Jambi, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Maluku and provinces which has protein consumption above AKP, namely Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur. This study used the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) in March analyzed by using Linear Approximate-Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). The results showed that consumption of fish and meat in provinces above AKP is higher then percapita consumption in provinces below AKP, while the others percapita consumption like poultry, egg, tempeh, and tofu is higher in provinces above AKP. Price and expenditure elasticity is more elastic in provinces above AKP then price and expenditure elasticity in provinces below AKP. Generally, the commodity's own price elasticity is inelastic in both categories of provinces except eggs. The value of egg elasticity is greater than 1 (elastic), either in provinces above AKP or in the provinces below AKP. Based on expenditure elasticity, all commodities are normal goods. Fish, poultry, and eggs are luxury goods in the province above the AKP, while only fish and eggs are luxury goods in the provinces below the AKP.
Alghif Aruni Nur Rukman, Harianto Harianto, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 129-140; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.129-138

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of changes in macroeconomic variables, namely exchange rates, interest rates, and inflation on stock prices of agribusiness companies on the LQ-45 index. This study used monthly time series data from 2008-2018 and analyzed by the VECM method. The results showed that the stock price reaction of eight agribusiness companies in the LQ-45 index varies with changes in macroeconomic variables both in the short and long term. In the short term, changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on one company stock prices, while changes in inflation and interest rates had a negative and significant effect on four companies and one company respectively. In the long term, the results showed that changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on two companies’ stock prices, while it had a negative and significant effect on five companies. The result also showed that changes in inflation had a positive and negative effect on one company and six companies respectively in the long term. Also besides changes in interest rates had a positive and negative effect on two companies’ stock prices respectively.
Sarah Nita Hasibuan, Bambang Juanda, Sri Mulatsih
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 79-91; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.79-91

Abstract:
Poverty is a level of life that below the minimum standard of living needs. The dominant factors that influence the emergence of poverty include education, income, location, limited access to health, finance and public services. Poverty is also one of the crucial issues in West Bandung Regency, where West Bandung Regency has the highest poverty rate compared to surrounding areas such as Bandung City, Bandung Regency, and Cimahi City. The purposes of this study are to analyze the pattern of spatial poverty distribution in general (Moran Index) and in each village (2) Analyze the factors that influence poverty in West Bandung Regency, which are carried out in 165 villages. The results of this study state that there was a positive spatial autocorrelation of 0,464173 which indicated the existence of a link between the poor population in each village and the pattern of poverty that clustered. The LISA test showed the poverty level of the population was clustered into four poverty clusters, namely 17 villages that were in the high-high criteria, 31 villages in the low-low criteria, 5 villages in the low-high criteria and 1 village in the high-low criteria . The factors that influenced poverty in West Bandung Regency were population, education level, village fund allocation, number of groceries, and village funds, while the village index builds, the distance of villages to the capital and the number of people using National electrical corporate (PLN) were not significant to reduce poverty.
Juniar Atmakusuma, Bonar Marulitua Sinaga, Nunung Kusnadi, I Ketut Kariyasa
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.1-12

Medita Ivanni, Nunung Kusnadi, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.27-36

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Maghfiroh Andriani Astutik, Rita Nurmalina, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.13-26

Zalwa Nahla Lubis, Amzul Rifin, Netti Tinaprilla
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.63-78

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Samsul Mashari, Rita Nurmalina, Suharno Suharno
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.37-52

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Titis Luttiyana, Yuli Hariyati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.53-62

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Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Rachmat Pambudy, Ach Firman Wahyudi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 73-84; doi:10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.73-84

Abstract:
Lampung Province is one of the coffee producing. This is because the topology of the region is very suitable for the fertility of coffee plants. The majority of coffee farmers in Indonesia carry out farming activities in rural areas with small business scale and limited access to innovation, capital, management, technology and information. One factor that causes farmers to be competitive in the context of entrepreneurship at the farmer level is the lack of entrepreneurial skills for farmers, so farmers who are engaged in the agribusiness sector, especially in the upstream subsystem, are very difficult to align with an entrepreneur in the non-agribusiness sector. The lack of entrepreneurial character and entrepreneurial capacity such as entrepreneurial skills is what causes farmers to be less competitive, which results in the agribusiness sector not being able to develop optimally. Adoption of farmers to agricultural technology is determined by their need for the level of technology offered and the suitability of technology for environmental, biophysical, and socio-cultural conditions in an area. The purpose of this study was to determine the general description and profile of Lampung coffee farmers, to find out the entrepreneurial characteristics of Lampung coffee farmers, and to analyze the characteristics, channels and stages of adoption of innovative Lampung coffee farmers with 160 respondents. This research was conducted in West Lampung and Tanggamus is the center of coffee production in Indonesia. The type of data were primary and secondary data. The data analysis method were the method of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The results showed that the dominant character of coffee farmer entrepreneurship is Commitment, Seeking feedback, Integrity and realiability, and Tolerance for failure. Innovation is considered to provide convenience, more suitable, easy to practice, and easily monitored for its development and is not difficult to imitate. Coffee farmers are open to innovation and benefit from the innovation. Coffee farmers use their innovation channels effectively. The entrepreneurial character of farmers correlates with innovation channel variables and stages of innovation adoption. Independent personality and Managerial Skill for Entrepreneurs (MSE) characters correlate with three innovation channel variables and Creativity and innovativeness (CAI) character correlates with all stages of innovation adoption variables.
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