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Results in Journal Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia: 112

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Riza Rahimi Bachtiar, Abdul Holik, Danang Swpj Widakdo
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.23-28

Abstract:
Red dragon fruit is one of the strategic horticultural commodities that is growing rapidly in Banyuwangi because it has an exotic appearance and produces fruit that can be consumed. One area that cultivates organic red dragon fruit was Jambewangi. There were several problems in Jambewangi, such as farmers didn’t know profit distribution and cost’s share between marketing channels in organic red dragon fruit. The purpose of this study was to analyze the profit share and cost-share in Jambewangi. Determination of the research location used the purposive method and the method of determining the respondents used the snowball sampling method. The data used in this study are primary data and secondary data. The analysis used is the quantitative analysis used to measure the profit’s share and cost’s share. The results of the analysis can be concluded that the highest profit share value was found in channel 1 with 76.17% and the lowest cost share was also found in channel 1 with 23.83%. This result showed that channel 1 was the most efficient organic red dragon fruit marketing channel, compared to other marketing channels.
Wajar Mey Handani, Nunung Kusnadi, Dwi Rachmina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 67-78; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.67-78

Abstract:
Rice self-sufficiency in Indonesia remains a national priority program since rice is a staple food of the majority of the population. This national program has become an economic development agenda in almost all local governments at the provincial and district levels. East Kalimantan Province is one of the provinces that set the rice self-sufficiency on the local medium-term planning (RPJMD) 2013-2018. This research generally aimed at analyzing the prospect of rice self-sufficiency in East Kalimantan Province. Specifically, the research aimed to measure the potential for developing rice in East Kalimantan Province and to analyze the production technical efficiency of rice farming. The data used in this research were national and provincial agriculture land area and 337 units of rice farm from Agricultural Census 2013. Using LQ (Location Quotient) method indicated that economically rice was not a basic commodity of East Kalimantan Province. At the provincial level, there were only two out of four districts that had rice as a basic commodity. Stochastic production frontier analysis showed that the technical efficiency of rice production was 0.64, which indicated that rice production in the province was 36 per cent below its production frontier. Planting patterns and land status significantly improved technical efficiency. From this research can be concluded that the self-sufficiency program in East Kalimantan Province was not supported by regional potential of rice production nor by technically efficient rice production at the farm level.
Tasya Amanda Tobing, Rita Nurmalina, Siti Jahroh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 43-54; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.43-54

Abstract:
Currently, Indonesia has a 265 million population in which more than one-third of the population is the modern generation who are more likely to have a preference for something that simple and practical like taking a meal in the restaurant. Bogor is one of the cities generally known for its culinary varieties. Waroeng Hotplate Odon is one of them which uniquely serves dishes, which uses hot plates and has a spiciness level and its sales experienced a downward trend due to high competition among the restaurants. This research aims to analyze the effect of marketing mix consist of 7P variables which are: product, promotion, place, price, people, process and physical evidence towards customer satisfaction and customer loyalty of Waroeng Hotplate Odon restaurant. The sample of the research is 393 people who visited Waroeng Hotplate Odon restaurant. The sampling method applied in this study is purposive sampling using a questionnaire distributed to Waroeng Hotplate Odon visitors. The structural Equation Modeling (SEM) method is used to analyze the data. This research showed that 4 variables affect customer satisfaction and loyalty of Waroeng Hotplate Odon visitors, which are price, process and physical evidence. The satisfaction variable has a significant effect on consumer loyalty, which is reflected by consumers' willingness to make repeat purchases and recommend restaurants to other parties. In general, respondents feel satisfied and loyal to the restaurant. Based on the result of the study, the following strategies to increase customer loyalty of Waroeng Hotplate Odon are improving the quality of flavour, spiciness level, variety of the menu, offering menu with more affordable prices, improving restaurant’s layout and parking spaces, and implementing a service system based on Standard Operating Procedures (SOP).
Astri Aminova Putri, Dwi Rachmina, Anna Fariyanti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.1-12

Abstract:
Food and energy security loan (KKPE) as the credit to support farmers to buy the input required to increase their agricultural produce. However, research showed that credit received by the farmers was not used to increase production optimally. The purpose of the study is to analyze the utilization of food and energy security loan (KKPE) and the effect on broiler production. The study was conducted in Padang Pariaman Regency, West Sumatera Province, as the broiler production centre. The data were collected through an interview with 85 farmers using questionnaires. Credit utilization was analyzed using tabulations. The analysis of the effect of credit on broiler production was analyzed by using the broiler production function. The results showed the (DOC), feed, vitamin, drugs, vaccines, and labour costs and invest in business equipment such as animal fodder, washing machine and repair. This research concludes that credit increases the production of broilers by 47,52 per cent.
Sevi Oktafiana Fortunika, Harianto Harianto, Suharno Suharno
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 29-42; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.29-42

Abstract:
Indonesia is one of the top coffee producers in the world. The major markets for Indonesian coffee are European Union (EU), then Germany is the largest importing country. This research analyzed the position for Indonesian robusta coffee in Germany among Vietnam and India as the major producers of robusta coffee as Indonesia. The econometric model of the Linear Approximate Almost Ideal Demand System was used to estimate a position for Indonesian robusta coffee among its competitors. The analysis utilized time-series data from 1996 to 2017. The results of the study showed that the main exporting countries, including Indonesia, tended to have lower import tariffs than other countries, not the main exporters. The demand for imported coffee beans was generally influenced by the prices of major exporters, but demand for imported roasted coffee was not affected by the prices of major importing countries. Indonesian coffee beans in the German market was elastic, while roasted coffee was inelastic. Indonesian coffee competed with Vietnam both for coffee beans and roasted coffee. The expenditure elasticity of Indonesian coffee beans was positive and Indonesian roasted coffee was negative.
Ulfira Ashari, Syamsir Syamsir
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 55-66; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.55-66

Abstract:
Price fluctuations at the producer and consumer levels determine the performance of the maize market in Gorontalo Province. This will affect the decisions and ability of the corn marketing agencies involved in responding to price changes. The slow response of marketing agencies to changes in maize prices indicates inefficient market conditions in terms of prices. In addition, differences in market power between marketing agencies indicate inefficiencies in marketing maize from an operational perspective. Therefore, this research was conducted with the aim of 1) analyzing market integration and transmission of maize prices between producers and consumers, 2) analyzing the distribution of marketing margins in the maize marketing channels in Gorontalo Province. The research data used is in the form of weekly price data at the producer and consumer levels for 148 weeks, from March 2016 to March 2019 and added data from direct interviews with the marketing actors involved, namely farmers as many as 30 people, while sampling of traders was carried out by snowball sampling technique. Data analysis used the Asymmetric Error Correction Model (AECM), marketing margin and farmer share for each channel. The results showed that the transmission of maize prices at the producer and consumer level is symmetrical in the long run indicating market integration. The smallest marketing margin and the largest farmer share are in Channel III, where marketing is done directly to an exporter. Corn marketing in Gorontalo Province shows price transmission and market integration as well as high farmer share value in each channel, so it can be concluded that marketing is efficient.
Fatimah Az Zahra, Dahlia Nauly
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 9, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2021.9.1.13-22

Abstract:
Starfruit is one type of fruit that is widely cultivated in Indonesia, with Depok City occupying the first position in producing star fruit in West Java Province. However, there is a significant difference in price at the farm level and the consumer level which raises the question of how star fruit is marketed in Depok City. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of the marketing flow, the marketing function of each marketing agency, the cost of marketing, the farmer's share, and the marketing margin as well as to determine the marketing efficiency of each institution involved in the marketing of star fruit in Pancoran Mas District, Depok City. The method used in this research includes qualitative methods in the form of descriptive analysis for analysis of marketing flow patterns and functions of marketing, and quantitative is useful as an analysis of costs, marketing margins, and marketing efficiency of each marketing channel. Determination of the sample was done purposively with 30 farmers as respondents who were scattered in Rangkap Jaya and Rangkap Jaya Baru Villages, Pancoran Mas District, Depok City. The results of this study indicate; there are five marketing channels. channel I: Farmers - Consumers, channel II: Farmers - Retailers (fruit shops) - Consumers, channel III: Farmers - Brokers - Wholesalers - Retailers (traditional markets) - Consumers, channel IV: Farmers - Brokers - Wholesalers - Supplier - Retailer (self-service) - Consumers, and line V: Farmers - Suppliers - Retailers (self-service) - Consumers. Each marketing agency performs a different marketing function. The marketing costs and marketing margins that have the highest prices are carried out by channel IV with prices of Rp 1,811 and Rp 17,400. Marketing flow I am considered the most efficient when viewed from the farmer's share and marketing margin. The recommended marketing channels for this research are channels II and III if you have a farmer's share of 84% and 51%. It is recommended that farmers implement a mixed marketing strategy by combining the marketing channels used to increase farmer's share and reduce marketing margins.
Muhammad Fathul Anwar, Harianto Harianto, Suharno Suharno
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 152-163; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.152-163

Abstract:
Indonesian rattan was one of the natural commodity which has been traded since long time ago. As one of the natural wealth, rattan has an important role in economic growth for Indonesia. The availability of rattan is abundant in the forests of Indonesia, especially in Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra, making Indonesia a major supplier of rattan world needs, but the export value of Indonesian rattan furniture in the last few years dropped. This research aims to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture to the largest European importing countries and the determinant factors affecting the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture. The data used in this study were annual time series data from 2007-2016. The methods used were the competitiveness test with the approach of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA) was used to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian rattan furniture to the European importing countries. The results showed that Indonesia had strong competitiveness in 4 European importing countries, especially the United Kingdom and Italy rattan furniture market that had a higher point of competitiveness with 141,01 & 100,95 RCA’s point respectively. This made both as a major export option of Indonesian rattan furniture in the future.
Khaerul Saleh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 131-141; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.131-141

Abstract:
Besides having a high economic value, Pumpkin honey also has good nutritional content, technically honey pumpkin cultivation is no different from other plants, but in pumpkin, honey cultivation requires a higher investment, especially at variable costs, this study was conducted in Pandeglang district, in general, it is suitable for pumpkin honey cultivation. The objectives of this study include to: (1) Financial feasibility of pumpkin honey farming. (2) The rate of sensitivity (sensitivity) to the decline in selling prices, increase in production costs and decrease in the amount of production (3) The feasibility of the aspects of cultivation, social environment, economics and marketing of Pumpkin Honey. tabulation and computational methods to facilitate analysis. Data analysis uses quantitative analysis and qualitative descriptive analysis. Quantitative analysis analyzes financial feasibility (B/C Ratio, NPV, IRR and PBP) and sensitivity analysis using applicable interest rates, qualitative descriptive analysis is used to determine the feasibility of cultivation, social environmental, economic and marketing aspects. The results showed that (1) Honey Pumpkin Cultivation in Cipeucang and Cimanuk Subdistricts of Pandeglang Regency was feasible to be cultivated with Gross B/C Ratio, Net B/C Ratio, NPV.IRR and Payback Period (PBP) feasible. (2) The possibility of a decrease in production, a decrease in output prices, and an increase in production costs, according to investment criteria and in a proper condition, and have a good level of sensitivity. (3) The technical aspects of cultivation from climate and rainfall following the Pumpkin Honey plant, the social and environmental aspects are feasible, the marketing aspects are feasible and very promising.
Rizky Ariesty Fachrysa Halik, Amzul Rifin, Siti Jahroh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 164-174; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.164-174

Abstract:
A partnership is a form of cooperation that is needed to be done for business development so that it can be globally competitive. With the existence of a partnership, it can improve the ability of small businesses through capital support and professional resource training to increase business income and continuity. In Indonesia, tofu business is one of the micro and small businesses that have the potential to be developed. To improve business performance, it is necessary to collaborate among tofu businesses and large businesses or state-owned enterprises. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of partnerships and other factors on the performance of the tofu business in Indonesia. Tofu businesses can be grouped into two categories, namely partner and non-partner businesses. To estimate the performance of tofu businesses in Indonesia, multiple linear regression method was used. The data used in this study were collected from the Central Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, in which 237 tofu businesses were taken as samples. The results showed that partnership had a positive and significant impact on tofu businesses income. Besides, business life, raw material cost, labour force and marketing allocation also positively significant affected tofu businesses income. However, the level of education, the age of the entrepreneur, the number of tools used, business capital, training, sales distribution, and cooperatives did not significantly affect tofu businesses income.
Fauziah Fauziah, Sisca Vaulina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 115-130; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.115-130

Abstract:
Koto Mesjid village is familiar with named “Kampung Patin”, one of pangasius fish cultivator is CV. Graha Pratama Fish. The purpose this research was to analyze value-added of frozen pangasius fish fillets, to know the person of the supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets, to know circle supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets and to analyze the performance of supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets. Using a case study, data was analyzed by Model DEA-CCR. This result evidence that value-added obtained is IDR 6,391 per Kg. The person of the supply chain in frozen pangasius fish fillets are a supplier of pangasius fish raw material, entrepreneur of frozen pangasius fish fillets and customer. The circle supply chain consists of product flow, financial flow and information flow. The performance SCOR of frozen pangasius fish fillets generally is performing well. DEA in frozen pangasius fish fillets has 5 suppliers that achieve 100% efficiency in green condition, from December 2018 to January 2019. While the frozen pangasius fish fillets supply chain achieve 100% efficiency in green condition obtained in January 2019. Cash-to-cash cycle time sensitivity is the most influential variable on efficiency value of the pangasius fish supply chain and there is no sensitivity value that most influences the efficiency of frozen pangasius fish fillets. Recommendations for improvement of the total potential improvement namely variable input cash-to-cash cycle time 98,78% and input costs 1,22%.
Kusmantoro Edy Sularso, Agus Sutanto
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 142-151; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.142-151

Abstract:
The research objectives are to 1) determine the role of organic fertilizers, vegetable pesticides, seeds and labour on the productivity of organic rice farming; 2) factors that cause inefficiencies in the use of production inputs in organic rice farming in Banyumas Regency. The research method used was survey method, the method of determining respondents in a purposive manner (38 farmers). The analytical method uses the stochastic frontier production function analysis method. The results showed that technically the increased use of seeds, manure, liquid organic fertilizer (POC), liquid organic KCl fertilizer and nutrition could increase the productivity of organic lowland rice in Banyumas Regency. Labor has a significant and negative effect on the productivity of organic rice farming. While pesticides have no significant effect on increasing the productivity of organic lowland rice. Management factors that influence the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming according to the signs of hope are formal education and dummy membership in farmer groups. While age and experience did not significantly affect technical inefficiency. The coefficient value of the educational variable is -0,3329 and has a significant effect on the technical inefficiency of organic rice farming. The negative sign of the formal education variable indicates that the higher the farmer's formal education level, the lower the technical inefficiency or the higher the farm's technical efficiency.
Anny Hartati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 95-105; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.95-105

Abstract:
The study was to determine the magnitude of the costs and income of farmers and to determine the distribution of farmers' income. The research uses a survey method by taking census samples and data are analyzed by the Gini Index and Gini Ratio analysis. The results showed that organic rice farming benefited farmers because the net income of farmers per hectare per season was Rp 14.645.643 or farmer revenue is Rp 20.095.247,00 and the total cost of farming was Rp 5.449.604 with R/C of 3,687. It means that for each Rp 1.000 will result in Rp 3.687 revenue. The distribution of income of organic rice farmers amounted to 0,4012, meaning that organic rice farming can evenly distribute farmers' income distribution.
Edy Humaidi, Bina Unteawati, Analianasari Analianasari
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 106-114; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.2.106-114

Abstract:
This study aims to map the types of vegetables that are feasible to be developed in Lampung Province. The mapping will be analyzed using the Location Quotient (LQ) method which will produce commodities that are classified as either base or non-base commodities. The data used are secondary data on vegetable production in Lampung Province for six years (2013-2018) obtained from the Central Statistics Agency of Lampung Province. The results showed that two types of vegetable plants became superior commodities, seen from the LQ value greater than 1, namely chilli and Chinese cabbage, with an LQ value of 1,26 for chilli and 1,17 for Chinese cabbage, respectively.
Rachmat Fitranto, Nanang Dwi Wahyono, Yossi Wibisono
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 58-68; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.58-68

Abstract:
Indonesian has been ranked as 5th mango producer in the world with total production reached 2.18 million, however, Indonesian has not included the top ten world mango exporter countries. Indonesian total export was 1,240 tons and only fulfilled 0,6% of the world export value. PT. Trigatra Rajasa is one of the Arumanis 143 mango producers in Indonesian. The research objective was to analyze internal and external factors which influence marketing mango of PT Trigatra Rajasa including the arrangement of strategic recommendation to incline market value. Data collection was done from January to May 2019 through observation and respondent interview. Questioner with SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)and QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) method was used during the interview. Analysis tools such as IFE, SWOT and QSPM were utilized in this research. The result showed that IFE (internal factor evaluation matrix) and EFE (external factor evaluation matrix) calculation matrix were given total score 2,85 and 2,8, respectively. Adding result of both matrix was positioning the mango marketing reality of PT Trigatra Rajasa in compartment V, mean hold and maintain. In this compartment, market penetration and product development strategy were suggested to be applied. Market penetration was recommended strategy to increase marketing of mango PT. Trigatra Rajasa based on QSPM (4,03) and efficiency of production budget through the utilization of mechanization (3,00) were suggested.
Rizki Puspita Dewanti, Harianto Harianto, Rita Nurmalina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 69-82; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.69-82

Abstract:
As the world's largest coconut producer, Indonesia has the opportunity to become the main exporter of processed coconut products. Crude coconut oil (CCO) is one of the leading processed coconut products which is currently increasing in demand. In the export market of crude coconut oil, Indonesia deals with intense competition with other crude coconut oil exporters. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil and competition between Indonesian crude coconut oil with other crude coconut oil exporters in the international market. The analytical method used was the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). The results showed that the factors that influence import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil in the international market were various and Indonesian crude coconut oil could compete with crude coconut oil from Philippine in the US and German markets. The competition was indicated by the positive cross elasticity value (substitution). The decreasing price of crude coconut oil of Philippine will reduce the market share of Indonesian crude coconut oil. Therefore, Indonesia needs to improve its marketing strategy and increase crude coconut oil production to increase Indonesian crude coconut oil exports.
, Teguh Endaryanto, Lidya Sari Mas Indah, I Rani Mellya Sari, Abdul Mutolib
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 83-93; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.83-93

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) analyze the level of income and (2) analyze the factors that influence the level of household welfare of cassava farmers. The study was conducted in Gunung Agung Village, Terusan Nunyai District, Central Lampung Regency with a survey method. The sample of farmers 78 respondents was taken by proportional stratified simple random sampling. Data analysis using quantitative descriptive methods include income analysis, welfare level analysis according to BPS and Sayogyo, and using a binary logit model. The results show that the source of household income of cassava farmers is increasingly diverse and leads to off and non-farm activities. Revenue from cassava farming has decreased but is still dominant. Based on BPS and Sayogyo criteria, most cassava farming households are in a decent and prosperous life group. The factors that influence the level of welfare of cassava farmers are the amount of work, cassava farming experience, and household income.
Muhamad Agus Kurniawan,
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 43-57; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.43-57

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to find out: the perception of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Products and preferences of risk consuming GMO as well as the factors that influence decisions of the scientific community in consuming GMO. This research used descriptive and analytic method. Determination of the area by purposive method at the University of Jember. Method of determining the sample uses purposive sampling, namely students and lecturers from the Public Health Faculty and Agriculture Faculty. Furthermore, determining the number of samples using quota sampling, 150 students and 90 lecturers. The method of collecting survey data using questionnaires and data were analyzed based on questionnaires that returned and were responded to as many as 120 for students and 30 for lecturers. The results of the study show that (1) public perceptions regarding GMO based on health and agriculture are agreed, while the economy is hesitant. (2) risk of preference majority of the scientific community is a risk lover, which is as many as 80 people. (3) Factors that influence the scientific community's decision to consume GMO products significantly, type of work, age, amount of allowance or income per month, daily food expenditure, knowledge level and risk aversion level.
Luriana Taslim, Amzul Rifin, Siti Jahroh
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 33-42; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.33-42

Abstract:
Cassava is the most processed staple food crops in Indonesia. Processed cassava micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are responsible for most cassava value-adding process. The major obstacle to the growth of MSEs is financing—a problem of the limited source of fund. Despite the presence of government financing support to MSEs, the number of processed cassava MSEs that have involved financing is still low. This study aimed to analyze the financing impact on the performance of processed cassava MSEs and to identify which factors influence the performance of processed cassava MSEs. Cross-sectional data of the MSEs Survey conducted in 2015 by Badan Pusat Statistik and analysis tool Multiple Linear Regression was used to answer the research objectives. Results showed that financing had a positive and significant impact on processed cassava MSEs’ sales revenue, but did not have any impact on their assets. Factors that significantly affected the performance of processed cassava MSEs were working hours per day, input value, training, products marketed in town, and business belongs in chips industry.
Dian Verawati Panjaitan, Steven Raja Ingot, Arie Mardiansyah, Leo M. Christoffel
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.1-16

Abstract:
The discussion on Restrictions on Agricultural Exports (ER) in the World Trade Organization (WTO), which is a mechanism to temporarily stop the export of agricultural products aimed at preventing food shortages in exporting countries has been intensively negotiated. However, as a net importer of agricultural products and a member of the G33 countries, Indonesia must overcome the ER policy because it might have the potential to increase prices and threaten food security in the Indonesian domestic market. This study uses descriptive qualitative statistical analysis to determine the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) and Independence Ratio (SSR) for five of Indonesia's main import agricultural products such as rice, corn, soybeans, wheat, and horticulture. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) analysis using GTAP ver.9 is also used to analyze the impact of restrictions on exports of agricultural products for the five products analyzed on macroeconomic and sectoral indicators. Based on IDR and SSR it can be concluded that almost all G33 countries are highly dependent on wheat imports, as many as 36 countries are dependent on imported wheat with IDR values ​​varying between 70% - 215%. The analysis shows that export restrictions will harm Indonesia's macroeconomic. However, by sector, Indonesian farmers and producers can take advantage of the impact of the export restriction policy as an opportunity to increase their production in the context of meeting domestic demand as a result of declining demand for imported food products in the country.
, Dwi Rachmina, Bayu Krisnamurthi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 17-32; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.17-32

Abstract:
Oil palm plantations are strategic commodities in the national economy and public welfare. Smallholder oil palm plantations as part of the palm oil commodity supply chain currently face business sustainability issues. This study aims to analyze the sustainability of community oil palm plantations based on index assessment using the Rap-Palmoil method through the Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) method. Multidimensional analysis of MDS in terms of economic, social, environmental, institutional, and technological dimensions as aspects examined in this study. This research was conducted in two regencies of oil palm plantations in a broad area of ​​land in Jambi Province, namely Muaro Jambi Regency and Merangin Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data, primary data are obtained from interviews with farmers while secondary data are obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Plantation Service, and literature that supports this research. Respondents in this study were 99 farmers selected purposively. The results of the multidimensional sustainability analysis of the Jambi Province oil palm plantation sustainability index were 57,79 included in the quite sustainable category. While the results of the sustainability index analysis for the five dimensions are 54,11 (economy), 66,83 (social), 58,64 (environmental), 46,40 (institutional), 59,02 (technology). All dimensions are overall included in the "moderately sustainable" category except the institutional dimension in the "less sustainable" category. The sustainability of oil palm plantations in each dimension has a different sustainability index so that different policies are needed to evaluate the sustainability of community oil palm plantations in Jambi Province.
, Wahyu Budi Priatna, Lukman M. Baga
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 113-128; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.113-128

Abstract:
Knowing the performance of a company is needed in order to be able to determine the extent to which goals have been achieved. The final objective of this research was to analyze the performance of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain for each of its members in order to achieve a common goal, by maximizing the resources they have with their best practices. The analytical method used in this research was the Supply Chain Operational Reference (SCOR) model by considering the internal and external attributes of the foodSCOR card. The four attributes used in this study were reliability, responsiveness, agility ,and assets. The results of measuring internal performance in the supply chain at all levels in the responsiveness and agility attributes had achieved superior performance positions on the foods card. The value of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain performance on reliability attributes in conformity performance with the standards was still in the advantage position, while the delivery performance and order fulfillment were already in a superior position. The internal performance of the Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain in each section for the cash to cash cycle time attribute had reached a superior position. The daily inventory performance was still in the advantage position, therefore Al-Ittifaq it still needs improvement in performance by not doing a daily inventory to reduce storage costs and to always provide fresh vegetables.
Ulfa Lestari,
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 92-101; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.92-101

Abstract:
The formation of farmer groups will make it easier for farmers to carry out their farming activities. This study aims to examine the role of farmer groups in cocoa farming activities in Ketulungan Village. The approach used in this study is a qualitative descriptive approach. Respondents were cocoa farmer groups selected using a purposive method. Data collection is done by in-depth interviews with respondents and informants. The informants in this study were extension agents both from related institutions and from the private sector. The results of this study indicate that the role of farmer groups in farming activities includes: (1) Farmer groups as a forum for sharing information, namely farmer groups disseminating information obtained from instructors to their members through meetings; (2) Farmer groups as a place of discussion, namely farmer groups as a place to find solutions to problems in cocoa farming activities such as maintenance and handling of pests and diseases; (3) Farmer groups as a forum for learning, namely farmer groups as a place to get knowledge about cocoa cultivation; (4) Farmer groups as production units, namely farmer groups as providers of facilities and infrastructure in farming activities of their members such as providing fertilizer and cocoa seeds; (5) Farmer groups as a place of cooperation, namely farmer groups capable of cooperating with extension agents, PT Mars and its members in carrying out their farming activities. It is expected that farmer groups, more actively collaborate in farming activities and can cooperate with the government and other parties to improve their farming activities.
Nursamsi Nursamsi, Rita Nurmalina, Amzul Rifin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 141-156; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.139-154

Abstract:
The government's commitment to realize national food security through overcome food insecurity and malnutrition as the main program of the Ministry of Agriculture. This study aims to analyze differences in consumption of protein commodities based on two provincial categories and the effect of changes in prices and income on demand of protein commodities. The two provincial catagories are provinces which has protein consumption below Adequacy Rate of Protein (AKP), namely Jambi, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Maluku and provinces which has protein consumption above AKP, namely Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur. This study used the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) in March analyzed by using Linear Approximate-Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). The results showed that consumption of fish and meat in provinces above AKP is higher then percapita consumption in provinces below AKP, while the others percapita consumption like poultry, egg, tempeh, and tofu is higher in provinces above AKP. Price and expenditure elasticity is more elastic in provinces above AKP then price and expenditure elasticity in provinces below AKP. Generally, the commodity's own price elasticity is inelastic in both categories of provinces except eggs. The value of egg elasticity is greater than 1 (elastic), either in provinces above AKP or in the provinces below AKP. Based on expenditure elasticity, all commodities are normal goods. Fish, poultry, and eggs are luxury goods in the province above the AKP, while only fish and eggs are luxury goods in the provinces below the AKP.
, Harianto Harianto, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 129-140; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.129-138

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of changes in macroeconomic variables, namely exchange rates, interest rates, and inflation on stock prices of agribusiness companies on the LQ-45 index. This study used monthly time series data from 2008-2018 and analyzed by the VECM method. The results showed that the stock price reaction of eight agribusiness companies in the LQ-45 index varies with changes in macroeconomic variables both in the short and long term. In the short term, changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on one company stock prices, while changes in inflation and interest rates had a negative and significant effect on four companies and one company respectively. In the long term, the results showed that changes in exchange rates had a positive and significant effect on two companies’ stock prices, while it had a negative and significant effect on five companies. The result also showed that changes in inflation had a positive and negative effect on one company and six companies respectively in the long term. Also besides changes in interest rates had a positive and negative effect on two companies’ stock prices respectively.
, Bambang Juanda, Sri Mulatsih
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 79-91; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.79-91

Abstract:
Poverty is a level of life that below the minimum standard of living needs. The dominant factors that influence the emergence of poverty include education, income, location, limited access to health, finance and public services. Poverty is also one of the crucial issues in West Bandung Regency, where West Bandung Regency has the highest poverty rate compared to surrounding areas such as Bandung City, Bandung Regency, and Cimahi City. The purposes of this study are to analyze the pattern of spatial poverty distribution in general (Moran Index) and in each village (2) Analyze the factors that influence poverty in West Bandung Regency, which are carried out in 165 villages. The results of this study state that there was a positive spatial autocorrelation of 0,464173 which indicated the existence of a link between the poor population in each village and the pattern of poverty that clustered. The LISA test showed the poverty level of the population was clustered into four poverty clusters, namely 17 villages that were in the high-high criteria, 31 villages in the low-low criteria, 5 villages in the low-high criteria and 1 village in the high-low criteria . The factors that influenced poverty in West Bandung Regency were population, education level, village fund allocation, number of groceries, and village funds, while the village index builds, the distance of villages to the capital and the number of people using National electrical corporate (PLN) were not significant to reduce poverty.
, Eko Ruddy Cahyadi, Heti Mulyati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 102-112; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.102-112

Abstract:
Indonesian palm oil plantation industry is confronted with sustainability issues that potentially restrict trade access in theglobal market. Smallholders are actors who have an important role in palm oil plantation sustainable development. Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and past behavior are used as the theoretical basis to see the influence of attitude toward sustainability, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and past behavior toward smallholders' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices. This study aims to analyze differences in smallholders' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices between independent farmers and plasma farmers. The study sample consisted of 121 independent farmers and 121 plasma farmers wich is spread across Kampar Regency. Data collection was done by distributing questionnaires and analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with Partial Least Square (PLS) program. The result of this study indicates that attitude toward sustainability, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and past behavior have a positive and significant effect on plasma farmers' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices, whereas subjective norm has no effect on the independent farmers' intention to implement sustainable palm oil production practices.
Medita Ivanni, Nunung Kusnadi, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.27-36

Abstract:
The improvement of production efficiency to increase the soybean production is necessary in this recent time. Increasing the soybean production can be done with the intensification and extensification program. This purpose of study is to analyze the technical level of soybean’s efficiency based on variety and production area in Indonesia and the factors that determinated it. This study used BPS data in five main soybean production area with 3 038 farmer observation. This research used Cobb Douglass stochastic frontier to analyze the production function. The result showed that soybean production based on variety and production area were efficien except outside Java. The production efficiency determined by type of land and farmer groups.
Maghfiroh Andriani Astutik, Rita Nurmalina, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.13-26

Zalwa Nahla Lubis, Amzul Rifin, Netti Tinaprilla
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.63-78

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of entrepreneur characteristics and other variables on the performance of tempe business in Indonesia. Tempe businesses were grouped into two categories, those were members and non-members of KOPTI. The business performance analyzed was business profit. Respondents in this study were micro and small enterprises, which were 1.150 business units of tempe producer. The analytical method used was multiple linear regression analysis. The data utilized were secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, as well as international publications, national publications and other sources related to the purpose of research. The results showed that age, raw material costs, number of workers, sales allocation, sales distribution, then assistance and training dummy significantly influenced the profit of tempe business.
Samsul Mashari, Rita Nurmalina, Suharno Suharno
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.37-52

Abstract:
During the past eleven years, shrimp is the leading commodity of Indonesian fishery exports, especially the types of frozen and preserved shrimp that have a considerable export value. However, Indonesian exports value growth of both shrimp products are lower than its competitors. The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of competitiveness and the exports dynamics position of frozen and preserved shrimp in Indonesia among competing countries in the international market. The method used is Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and Dynamic Revealed Comparative Advantage (DRCA). The method is used to analyze changes in the competition level for 11 years (2007-2017), which is divided into 2 periods namely 2007-2012 and 2012-2017. The results showed that both frozen shrimp and preserved shrimp had a competitiveness in the international market. The competitiveness of Indonesian preserved shrimp tends to increase among 9 main competitors in two periods. In the first period, the competitiveness of Indonesian preserved shrimp was in the falling star position while in the second period reached the best position, namely rising star. On the other hand, the competitiveness of Indonesian frozen shrimp position in the first period was in the lost opportunity and reached the rising star position in the second period. Indonesia needs to increase exports of frozen and preserved shrimp products by ensuring the availability of raw materials and improving quality in exporting frozen shrimp and preserved shrimp.
Titis Luttiyana, Yuli Hariyati
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2019.7.1.53-62

Abstract:
Udanawu was one of the cocoa producing areas in Blitar. The average age of cocoa plants in Udanawu was 24 years old, so that if the yield was compared with cocoa plants that were still in their productive age, they were still far away. Cocoa productivity in Udanawu of Blitar was greater than the national cocoa productivity. Whereas when compared with East Java cocoa productivity was smaller than cocoa productivity in East Java. In this case, it was suspected that in the implementation there were factors that support cocoa productivity in Udanawu so that their productivity could be higher than the national cocoa productivity. The data analysis method used was the exponential production function approach with a total sample of 40 farmers. Based on the results of the study showed that: (1) cocoa production in Udanawu of Blitar, as a whole was influenced by land area, labor, chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer and pesticides. Of the five variables there was one variable that was significant to the significance value of 5%, namely the land area variable and significant to the significance value of 10%, namely chemical fertilizer. While the other three variables were not significant to the significance value of 5%, namely the variable labor, variable organic fertilizer, and variable pesticide, (2) the scale of production of cocoa farming in the Udanawu of Blitar was on the scale of production (Constant Return to Scale).
Burhanuddin Burhanuddin, Rachmat Pambudy,
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 73-84; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.73-84

Abstract:
Lampung Province is one of the coffee producing. This is because the topology of the region is very suitable for the fertility of coffee plants. The majority of coffee farmers in Indonesia carry out farming activities in rural areas with small business scale and limited access to innovation, capital, management, technology and information. One factor that causes farmers to be competitive in the context of entrepreneurship at the farmer level is the lack of entrepreneurial skills for farmers, so farmers who are engaged in the agribusiness sector, especially in the upstream subsystem, are very difficult to align with an entrepreneur in the non-agribusiness sector. The lack of entrepreneurial character and entrepreneurial capacity such as entrepreneurial skills is what causes farmers to be less competitive, which results in the agribusiness sector not being able to develop optimally. Adoption of farmers to agricultural technology is determined by their need for the level of technology offered and the suitability of technology for environmental, biophysical, and socio-cultural conditions in an area. The purpose of this study was to determine the general description and profile of Lampung coffee farmers, to find out the entrepreneurial characteristics of Lampung coffee farmers, and to analyze the characteristics, channels and stages of adoption of innovative Lampung coffee farmers with 160 respondents. This research was conducted in West Lampung and Tanggamus is the center of coffee production in Indonesia. The type of data were primary and secondary data. The data analysis method were the method of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The results showed that the dominant character of coffee farmer entrepreneurship is Commitment, Seeking feedback, Integrity and realiability, and Tolerance for failure. Innovation is considered to provide convenience, more suitable, easy to practice, and easily monitored for its development and is not difficult to imitate. Coffee farmers are open to innovation and benefit from the innovation. Coffee farmers use their innovation channels effectively. The entrepreneurial character of farmers correlates with innovation channel variables and stages of innovation adoption. Independent personality and Managerial Skill for Entrepreneurs (MSE) characters correlate with three innovation channel variables and Creativity and innovativeness (CAI) character correlates with all stages of innovation adoption variables.
Rofikah Fitriana, Suprehatin Suprehatin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 149-168; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.149-168

Abstract:
The consumption rate of milk in Indonesia is still lower than other countries in ASEAN, including Malaysia. A geographical difference makes the consumer of packaged milk of both countries have different behavior in purchasing decision. According to the theory of planned behavior, the purchasing decision was formed by intention that is influenced by attitude toward behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. Product attribute was considered to influence the purchasing decision, like price, brand, packaging, and quality. The aims of this research are to comprehend the effect of theory of planned behavior and product attribute on purchase decision of packaged liquid milk products towards Indonesian and Malaysian Undergraduate student. The sampling method used is purposive and analysis SEM PLS. The number of respondents is 100 undergraduate student in Indonesia and 100 in Malaysia. The result showed that the significant varibles on TPB for Indonesian students were attitude toward behavior and perceived behavioral control, and for Malaysian students, attitude toward behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control. The significant variable on product attributes for Indonesian student were the brand and product quality, and there was no significant variable for Malaysian student.
Maryono Maryono
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 109-120; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.109-120

Abstract:
The global agenda, namely sustainable development goals (SDGs), requires all businesses activities including farming to carry out a process of production that concerns on its sustainability. This study examined the extent to which of the sustainability level of rice farming in a multidimensional perspective from the three pillars of sustainability, namely economic, social, and environmental. Tasikmalaya District was purposively chosen because there was so called environmentally friendly farmer organization applying system of rice intensification (SRI) method. As much as sixty farmers were selected randomly as respondents. The analytical method used in this study refers to the Composite Index developed by OECD (2013) by comparing the index score of its pillars. The results indicate that the sustainability index of rice farming is of 0.46. The environmental dimension contributes the highest score to the total index that indicate very good performance, however, still lacking in the social and economic dimension. Therefore it is necessary to strengthen the last two pillars so that all the three pillars of sustainability can be achieved rateably.
, Andriyono Kilat Adhi, Wahyu Budi Priatna
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 133-148; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.133-148

Abstract:
This study was aimed to analyze the added value in the supply chain of forest honey at Jaringan Madu Hutan Sumbawa (JMHS) organization. The respondents in this study are 30 honey hunter, 2 group leader, 2 JMHS cooperative and 1 marketing outlet Rumah Madu. Quantative descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the added value by using Hayami’s method (1987). The results from this study were the added value of forest honey from Madu Hutan Lestari cooperation is 0.5 persen highest than other chain actors. While the value added distribution of marketing outlets Rumah Madu has been the highest percentage of added value compared to other chain actors.
Maria Yanti Akoit, Mardit Nalle
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 85-108; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.85-108

Abstract:
In a study of sustainable management of fishery resources in the waters of the North Insana the District of Wini aims to determine the optimal effort (E*), the optimum yield (Y*) and sustainable economic benefits (π*) using descriptive methods and techniques of analysis with quantitative analysis through bioeconomic approach of Gordon-Schaefer with CYP technique (Clark, Yoshimoto and Pooley). Through bioeconomic approach it is known that the exploitation status of small pelagic fisheries. Time series data used are the result of catching the small pelagic fish paying fishing gear, gill nets, trolleys and fishing rods. The results showed that the rate of utilization of small pelagic fish resources at the District of North Insana Wini waters conditions biological in the underfishing and economic conditions in the condition underexploited.
Mira Apriani, Dwi Rachmina, Amzul Rifin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 121-132; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.2.121-132

Abstract:
Domestic rice needs will continue to increase, it is estimated that national rice needs in 2035 will reach 36 million tons. Meanwhile, national rice production capacity is experiencing slow growth or tends to be stagnant. So that it needs an increase in productivity or technical efficiency through the Integrated Crop Management (ICM) model approach. This study aims to analyze the level of rice ICM technology implementationand the factors that influence the level of rice ICM technology implementation and its effect on the technical efficiency of rice farming in Bogor Regency. Determination of the sample using purposive sampling method, a sample of 60 farmers in the District of Cariu, Pamijahan, and Leuwisadeng of Bogor Regency were analyzed using the scoring method, multiple linear regression models, and the stochastic frontier analyze method. The results showed the level of rice ICM technology implementation in Bogor Regency was classified as moderate (71,54 percent), while the technology component with the highest level of application was jajar legowo spacing of 2:1 (98,50 percent) and the lowest was the use of manure (27 percent). Factors that influence the level of rice ICM technology implementation at α level of 5 percent are non-farm income with an estimated value of 3,318, intensity of SLPTT and non SLPTT training with an estimated value of 2,236, and dummy farmer's employment status with an estimated value of 2,127. While the experience factor of farming with an estimated value of 0,110 and the duration of formal education of farmers with an estimated value of 0,403 has an effect on the level of α of 10 percent. The level of rice ICM technology implementation with an estimated value of -0,0855 and farmer access to obtain credit with an estimated value of -0,0348 has an effect on the technical efficiency of rice farming at α level of 1 percent, while the land ownership status with an estimated value is -0,2527 at α level of 10 percent. The average level of technical efficiency of rice farming in Bogor Regency is not optimal (67,4 percent), this is due to, among others, the application of technological components that are still relatively low or not as recommended by ICM. Therefore, efforts are needed to increase motivation and farmer participation in implementing ICM technology optimally and sustainably to help meet national rice needs.
Hanny Stephanie, Netti Tinaprilla, Amzul Rifin
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 27-36; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.1.13-22

Abstract:
Crude palm oil (CPO) is one of Indonesian agricultural products that are widely developed. CPO is produced by palm oil mills. This research analyzes the efficiency of Indonesian palm oil mills uses 2010 manufacturing industry survey conducted by the Statistics Indonesia. The efficiency analysis is done by using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with production value as the output, and production expenses, labor expenses, other expenses, and fixed capital as the inputs. It is found that 26 out 137 firms are efficient. Based on the capital ownership, foreign firms have the highest average efficiency score. Based on export participation, exporting firms have higher efficiency than non-exporting firms. Based on location, firms that located on other islands have higher efficiency than firms that located on Sumatra and Kalimantan.
Gisa Rachma Khairunisa, Tanti Novianti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 125-136; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.125-136

Abstract:
Palm oil is Indonesia's main export commodity. The EU is Indonesia's largest palm oil importer second after India, so it can affect the condition of Indonesia's palm oil exports. In 2009 the EU issued a Renewable Energy Directive that may have an impact on Indonesia's palm oil exports. The purpose of this study was to analyze the competitive position of Indonesian palm oil using the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and the Export Product Dynamics (EPD) as well as analyze the impact of policies Renewable Energy Directive towards the export value of Indonesian palm oil using gravity models. RCA analysis results indicate that the Indonesian palm oil has a comparative advantage (RCA> 1). Analysis of Indonesian palm oil EPD average is in position "Rising Star". The results of the analysis of gravity models show a real GDP per capita in the country of destination, the population of the country of destination, the export price of palm oil, and the Renewable Energy Directive policies significantly affect the value of exports of palm oil, while Indonesia and the real exchange rate had no significant effect within the economy.
Elvina Elvina, Muhammad Firdaus, Anna Fariyanti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 89-110; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.89-110

Abstract:
Red chili is known as a very high commodity price fluctuation. High price fluctuation will make market inefficiency and cause a disincentive for market actors. One indicator of market efficiency is symmetric price transmission in integrated market. This paper aimed to analyze vertical price transmission along the marketing chanel of red chili (produsen, wholesale and retail) and analyze the market behavior of market actors. Vertical price transmission was analyzed with the Asymmetric Error Corection Model (AECM) approach using weekly data over Januari 2012 to October 2014. While, the market behavior was analized using descriptive analysis with sequentil bargaining game. The results showed that price transmission along marketing channel of red chili is symmetric and the price in wholesale is a reference for produsen dan retail prices.
Ratna Winandi Asmarantaka, Juniar Atmakusuma, Yanti Nuraini Muflikh, Nia Rosiana
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 151-172; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.151-172

Abstract:
Agribusiness marketing approach can be done through economic or management approach. The economic approach shows the overall presence of marketing channels that will be more efficient and determined by the Structure Conduct and Performance (SCP). The higher the percentage of market share indicates the strength of an enterprise in an industry. If the market share is relatively small and diffuse then the market tends to be in a competitive market reflected by market conduct and market performance On the other hand, a marketing approach to management is a business strategy of a company (group) to improve the efficiency or profit of a company and its networking. Value chain, supply chain, governance value chain analysis is part of the overall agribusiness marketing analysis, so players who have dominant power or market share will be visible in the marketing channel and the centralized market structure. The cooperation of small firms whose market share is relatively dispersed, the market structure tends to lead to a perfectly competitive market with the performances delivered to the market mechanism.
Fadli Fadli, Rachmat Pambudy, Harianto Harianto
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 111-124; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.111-124

Abstract:
Seaweed is a potential commodity to be cultivated in improving people's welfare. Seaweed development is the right step in increasing competitive advantage to the comparative advantage owned by east lombok regency. Increasing the competitiveness of seaweed is not only focused on improving the competitiveness of its products, but the most important is the effort in improving the competitiveness of seaweed farmers in the village of Seriwe East Lombok regency. The purpose of this reseach are (1) to analyze and measure the competitiveness of seaweed in East Lombok Regency; (2) to analyze the impact government policy on improving seaweed competitiveness in East Lombok Regency; and (3) to analyze the sensitivity price change of the input and output on seaweed competitiveness in East Lombok Regency. The study was designed as a descriptive survey which includes qualitative and quantitative data. Analisis tools in this study is Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). Based on the results of PAM analysis, seaweed have competitiveness when cultivate seaweed through raft systems, basic offshore systems, and longline systems.
Rezki Kamila, Rizal Syarief, Imam Teguh Saptono
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 173-184; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.173-184

Abstract:
Honey has many benefits not only as a medicine but also can be used as a food supplement. The market opportunities for honey business is still very wide open, this is indicated by the high value of Indonesian honey imports compared to the export value. Seeing these market conditions is one of the fundamental things established of CV Ath-Thoifah, si one of the company that develops traditional herbal products in Indonesia and basically using honey as the main ingredients of its products. The aims of this study are identifying business model canvas, determining the priority elements on business model canvas that will be developed, composing business model canvas improvement, and preparing alternative strategy to develop business of CV Ath-Thoifah. The respondents in this study are from internal and external team. The processing and data analysis utilize the qualitative method, identification of the current business model canvas, determination the priority elements to be developed use importance performance analysis method, SWOT analysis, and designing alternative business strategy. The results show nine elements of business model canvas in CV Ath-Thoifah now. Key activities, key partnership, and cost structure are the priority elements that will be developed. Based on the results of SWOT analysis and FGD, the alternative strategies can be coclude: 1) developing business in big cities outside Jabodetabek area, 2) adding distributors and agents intensively, 3) establishing special partnership in information technology (IT), 4) applying Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) principles and BPOM certification, 4) increasing the allocation of funds in research and development field.
Raden Sonny Suroyo Junior, Hariyadi Hariyadi, Sri Mulatsih
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 5, pp 137-150; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2017.5.2.137-150

Abstract:
Organic farming was an agricultural farming techniques that rely on natural in without using of synthetic chemicals and organic agricultural farming was have provided health agricultural products, especially food that was safed for the health and consumers does not damage the environment. Based conventional farming systems such as the high energy input of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can damage and lower productivity of the soil. Soil degradation and environment damage destruction is the massive impact of the green revolution program in the 1980s. A combination of Internal factors (IFE) and external (EFE) matrix produces IE (Internal-External). SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats) of the organic farming water spinach in Bogor regency. Learning the best strategies in the analysis with Matrix QSP (Quantitative Strategic Planning). Based on the analysis of the activity of farming and the analysis of income from 500 m2 in 1 year only farmers have sold water spinach in market organic until 1,728 kg price of products 6.000 IDR and 2,472 kg had sold in traditional market at a price of 2.500 IDR. However, this shows that the farming of organic water spinach has financially profitable enough and will be more profitable when the entire water spinachcan hade been sold to the organic market. The results of the analysis of strategies using IE Matrix, SWOT Matrix and QPS Matrix acquired three most important strategies to be implemented: 1) "Strengthen and improve farm management institutions" (TAS value = 6.87); 2) Developing of human resources in the post-harvest handling (TAS value = 5.85); and 3) Extend the market network (TAS value = 5.63).
Asti Asti, Irfan Cholid
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.1.1-14

Abstract:
Village government participation is influenced by the mindset and views on BUMDes. The aims of the research is to find out the perception and participation of the village government in the development of BUMDes in Kendawangan District. The samples were taken by purposive sampling, with a total sample of 50 respondents Method of data analysis in this research by using scale interval of class. The results showed that the perception of Village Government to BUMDes development has been good, which shows village government agree that BUMDes as efforts acceleration of rural economic. The participation level of village government to BUMDes development was high, based on the formulation of BUMDes development which have been conducted by each village. The village government also have been allocated budget of BUMDes in ADD.
Keumala Fadhiela, Dwi Rachmina, Ratna Winandi
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 49-46; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.1.35-46

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to analyze the structure of transaction cost and analyze farmers profit on Arabica Gayo Coffee Warehouse Receipt System (WRS) in Central Aceh District. Transaction Costs Analysis (TCA) was used to analize transaction cost structure at selling delay activity and financing activity on WRS. While the ratio of transaction costs to farmers' profit was used to determine the level of effectiveness of WRS. The research was conducted at PT. Ketiara Warehouse, West Aceh district, Aceh. The selected samples were all 4o farmers of Arabica Gayo WRS in Central Aceh Regency. The highest transction cost was on delay selling activity (64,07%) than transaction cost on warehouse receipt financing activity (35,93%). Implementation of the warehouse receipt system in PT. Ketiara provided more benefits to the participants because average percentage ratio between the cost of the transaction with the benefit of <10 percent. Transaction costs and effectiveness of WRS need more attention and focus on the improvement of these two things to maximize the implementation and sustainability of Gayo Arabica Coffee WRS in Central Aceh District.
Julita Hasanah, Muhammad Rondhi, Triana Dewi Hapsari
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 37-48; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.1.23-34

Abstract:
Government began to apply the concept of organic farming in order to maintain the sustainability of agriculture. Organic farming is applied to the organic rice farming of Jember Regency. This kind of farming have some risks. The prominent risk in organic rice farming is production. Research conducted at rowosari village aims to know: (1) The amount of production risk overall; (2) The amount of production risk that seen from the length of application organic farming and land area. The location of research in Rowosari, Sumbejambe which was determined intentionally (Purposive Method). The sampling method was total sampling method. The data that used in study were primary and secondary data. The analyze method used was standard deviation (V) and coefficient of variation (CV). The results of the study showed that: (1) Overall risk of production of organic rice farming in Rowosari Village amounted to 468.25 kg or 10.1% of the average production: (2) The risk of production of organic rice farming in Rowosari Village are based on the land area small (0.5 Ha), medium (0,5-2 Ha) and large (> 2 Ha) respectively 17,6%, 6,3% and 1.3% of the average production. The risk of production of organic rice farming in Rowosari Village is based on the period of implementation from 2015 and 2012, respectively 12.1% and 7.8% of the average production. It showed that the period of organic farming implementation will influence the amount of risk production.
Sisca Vaulina, Khairizal Khairizal, Hajry Arief Wahyudy
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 6, pp 61-72; https://doi.org/10.29244/jai.2018.6.1.47-58

Abstract:
Efficiency in a farming process has a very important meaning in efforts to increase income of coconut farmers, especially in planning or developing coconut products that are effective and efficient in producing coconut. The purpose of this research is to analyze technical efficiency, allocative/price and economical of coconut plantation in Gaung Anak Serka Sub-district, Indragiri Hilir Regency. This research uses survey method. The research was conducted in Kecamatan Gaung Anak Serka (GAS), in four villages namely (1) Rambaian village; (2) Idaman village; (3) Iliran Village; (4) Tanjung Harapan village. Total samples were 62 farmers. The study was conducted in May 2017 until December 2017. Data analysis using software Frontier Version 4.1 C. The results showed that the average technical efficiency level achieved was 72.94 percent of maximum productivity. This shows that the farming coconut in Gaung Anak Serka Sub-district has been efficient to technical efficiency, but not yet allocatively/price and economical efficiency. The average value of the overall allocative efficiency is 2.40 and not economically efficient because the economic efficiency value obtained is 1.75.
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