Results in Journal Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia: 98
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Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 58-68; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.58-68
Indonesian has been ranked as 5th mango producer in the world with total production reached 2.18 million, however, Indonesian has not included the top ten world mango exporter countries. Indonesian total export was 1,240 tons and only fulfilled 0,6% of the world export value. PT. Trigatra Rajasa is one of the Arumanis 143 mango producers in Indonesian. The research objective was to analyze internal and external factors which influence marketing mango of PT Trigatra Rajasa including the arrangement of strategic recommendation to incline market value. Data collection was done from January to May 2019 through observation and respondent interview. Questioner with SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats)and QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix) method was used during the interview. Analysis tools such as IFE, SWOT and QSPM were utilized in this research. The result showed that IFE (internal factor evaluation matrix) and EFE (external factor evaluation matrix) calculation matrix were given total score 2,85 and 2,8, respectively. Adding result of both matrix was positioning the mango marketing reality of PT Trigatra Rajasa in compartment V, mean hold and maintain. In this compartment, market penetration and product development strategy were suggested to be applied. Market penetration was recommended strategy to increase marketing of mango PT. Trigatra Rajasa based on QSPM (4,03) and efficiency of production budget through the utilization of mechanization (3,00) were suggested.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 69-82; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.69-82
As the world's largest coconut producer, Indonesia has the opportunity to become the main exporter of processed coconut products. Crude coconut oil (CCO) is one of the leading processed coconut products which is currently increasing in demand. In the export market of crude coconut oil, Indonesia deals with intense competition with other crude coconut oil exporters. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil and competition between Indonesian crude coconut oil with other crude coconut oil exporters in the international market. The analytical method used was the Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS). The results showed that the factors that influence import demand of Indonesian crude coconut oil in the international market were various and Indonesian crude coconut oil could compete with crude coconut oil from Philippine in the US and German markets. The competition was indicated by the positive cross elasticity value (substitution). The decreasing price of crude coconut oil of Philippine will reduce the market share of Indonesian crude coconut oil. Therefore, Indonesia needs to improve its marketing strategy and increase crude coconut oil production to increase Indonesian crude coconut oil exports.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 83-93; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.83-93
This study aims to (1) analyze the level of income and (2) analyze the factors that influence the level of household welfare of cassava farmers. The study was conducted in Gunung Agung Village, Terusan Nunyai District, Central Lampung Regency with a survey method. The sample of farmers 78 respondents was taken by proportional stratified simple random sampling. Data analysis using quantitative descriptive methods include income analysis, welfare level analysis according to BPS and Sayogyo, and using a binary logit model. The results show that the source of household income of cassava farmers is increasingly diverse and leads to off and non-farm activities. Revenue from cassava farming has decreased but is still dominant. Based on BPS and Sayogyo criteria, most cassava farming households are in a decent and prosperous life group. The factors that influence the level of welfare of cassava farmers are the amount of work, cassava farming experience, and household income.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 43-57; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.43-57
The purpose of this study was to find out: the perception of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Products and preferences of risk consuming GMO as well as the factors that influence decisions of the scientific community in consuming GMO. This research used descriptive and analytic method. Determination of the area by purposive method at the University of Jember. Method of determining the sample uses purposive sampling, namely students and lecturers from the Public Health Faculty and Agriculture Faculty. Furthermore, determining the number of samples using quota sampling, 150 students and 90 lecturers. The method of collecting survey data using questionnaires and data were analyzed based on questionnaires that returned and were responded to as many as 120 for students and 30 for lecturers. The results of the study show that (1) public perceptions regarding GMO based on health and agriculture are agreed, while the economy is hesitant. (2) risk of preference majority of the scientific community is a risk lover, which is as many as 80 people. (3) Factors that influence the scientific community's decision to consume GMO products significantly, type of work, age, amount of allowance or income per month, daily food expenditure, knowledge level and risk aversion level.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 33-42; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.33-42
Cassava is the most processed staple food crops in Indonesia. Processed cassava micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are responsible for most cassava value-adding process. The major obstacle to the growth of MSEs is financing—a problem of the limited source of fund. Despite the presence of government financing support to MSEs, the number of processed cassava MSEs that have involved financing is still low. This study aimed to analyze the financing impact on the performance of processed cassava MSEs and to identify which factors influence the performance of processed cassava MSEs. Cross-sectional data of the MSEs Survey conducted in 2015 by Badan Pusat Statistik and analysis tool Multiple Linear Regression was used to answer the research objectives. Results showed that financing had a positive and significant impact on processed cassava MSEs’ sales revenue, but did not have any impact on their assets. Factors that significantly affected the performance of processed cassava MSEs were working hours per day, input value, training, products marketed in town, and business belongs in chips industry.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 1-16; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.1-16
The discussion on Restrictions on Agricultural Exports (ER) in the World Trade Organization (WTO), which is a mechanism to temporarily stop the export of agricultural products aimed at preventing food shortages in exporting countries has been intensively negotiated. However, as a net importer of agricultural products and a member of the G33 countries, Indonesia must overcome the ER policy because it might have the potential to increase prices and threaten food security in the Indonesian domestic market. This study uses descriptive qualitative statistical analysis to determine the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) and Independence Ratio (SSR) for five of Indonesia's main import agricultural products such as rice, corn, soybeans, wheat, and horticulture. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) analysis using GTAP ver.9 is also used to analyze the impact of restrictions on exports of agricultural products for the five products analyzed on macroeconomic and sectoral indicators. Based on IDR and SSR it can be concluded that almost all G33 countries are highly dependent on wheat imports, as many as 36 countries are dependent on imported wheat with IDR values varying between 70% - 215%. The analysis shows that export restrictions will harm Indonesia's macroeconomic. However, by sector, Indonesian farmers and producers can take advantage of the impact of the export restriction policy as an opportunity to increase their production in the context of meeting domestic demand as a result of declining demand for imported food products in the country.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 8, pp 17-32; doi:10.29244/jai.2020.8.1.17-32
Oil palm plantations are strategic commodities in the national economy and public welfare. Smallholder oil palm plantations as part of the palm oil commodity supply chain currently face business sustainability issues. This study aims to analyze the sustainability of community oil palm plantations based on index assessment using the Rap-Palmoil method through the Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) method. Multidimensional analysis of MDS in terms of economic, social, environmental, institutional, and technological dimensions as aspects examined in this study. This research was conducted in two regencies of oil palm plantations in a broad area of land in Jambi Province, namely Muaro Jambi Regency and Merangin Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data, primary data are obtained from interviews with farmers while secondary data are obtained from the Central Statistics Agency, Plantation Service, and literature that supports this research. Respondents in this study were 99 farmers selected purposively. The results of the multidimensional sustainability analysis of the Jambi Province oil palm plantation sustainability index were 57,79 included in the quite sustainable category. While the results of the sustainability index analysis for the five dimensions are 54,11 (economy), 66,83 (social), 58,64 (environmental), 46,40 (institutional), 59,02 (technology). All dimensions are overall included in the "moderately sustainable" category except the institutional dimension in the "less sustainable" category. The sustainability of oil palm plantations in each dimension has a different sustainability index so that different policies are needed to evaluate the sustainability of community oil palm plantations in Jambi Province.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 113-128; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.113-128
Knowing the performance of a company is needed in order to be able to determine the extent to which goals have been achieved. The final objective of this research was to analyze the performance of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain for each of its members in order to achieve a common goal, by maximizing the resources they have with their best practices. The analytical method used in this research was the Supply Chain Operational Reference (SCOR) model by considering the internal and external attributes of the foodSCOR card. The four attributes used in this study were reliability, responsiveness, agility ,and assets. The results of measuring internal performance in the supply chain at all levels in the responsiveness and agility attributes had achieved superior performance positions on the foods card. The value of Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain performance on reliability attributes in conformity performance with the standards was still in the advantage position, while the delivery performance and order fulfillment were already in a superior position. The internal performance of the Al-Ittifaq vegetable supply chain in each section for the cash to cash cycle time attribute had reached a superior position. The daily inventory performance was still in the advantage position, therefore Al-Ittifaq it still needs improvement in performance by not doing a daily inventory to reduce storage costs and to always provide fresh vegetables.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 92-101; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.92-101
The formation of farmer groups will make it easier for farmers to carry out their farming activities. This study aims to examine the role of farmer groups in cocoa farming activities in Ketulungan Village. The approach used in this study is a qualitative descriptive approach. Respondents were cocoa farmer groups selected using a purposive method. Data collection is done by in-depth interviews with respondents and informants. The informants in this study were extension agents both from related institutions and from the private sector. The results of this study indicate that the role of farmer groups in farming activities includes: (1) Farmer groups as a forum for sharing information, namely farmer groups disseminating information obtained from instructors to their members through meetings; (2) Farmer groups as a place of discussion, namely farmer groups as a place to find solutions to problems in cocoa farming activities such as maintenance and handling of pests and diseases; (3) Farmer groups as a forum for learning, namely farmer groups as a place to get knowledge about cocoa cultivation; (4) Farmer groups as production units, namely farmer groups as providers of facilities and infrastructure in farming activities of their members such as providing fertilizer and cocoa seeds; (5) Farmer groups as a place of cooperation, namely farmer groups capable of cooperating with extension agents, PT Mars and its members in carrying out their farming activities. It is expected that farmer groups, more actively collaborate in farming activities and can cooperate with the government and other parties to improve their farming activities.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, Volume 7, pp 141-156; doi:10.29244/jai.2019.7.2.139-154
The government's commitment to realize national food security through overcome food insecurity and malnutrition as the main program of the Ministry of Agriculture. This study aims to analyze differences in consumption of protein commodities based on two provincial categories and the effect of changes in prices and income on demand of protein commodities. The two provincial catagories are provinces which has protein consumption below Adequacy Rate of Protein (AKP), namely Jambi, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Maluku and provinces which has protein consumption above AKP, namely Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur. This study used the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) in March analyzed by using Linear Approximate-Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS). The results showed that consumption of fish and meat in provinces above AKP is higher then percapita consumption in provinces below AKP, while the others percapita consumption like poultry, egg, tempeh, and tofu is higher in provinces above AKP. Price and expenditure elasticity is more elastic in provinces above AKP then price and expenditure elasticity in provinces below AKP. Generally, the commodity's own price elasticity is inelastic in both categories of provinces except eggs. The value of egg elasticity is greater than 1 (elastic), either in provinces above AKP or in the provinces below AKP. Based on expenditure elasticity, all commodities are normal goods. Fish, poultry, and eggs are luxury goods in the province above the AKP, while only fish and eggs are luxury goods in the provinces below the AKP.