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Results in Journal Journal of Management Research: 484

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Husam Alfahl
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-15; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18303

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Solomon Abekah Keelson, Joseph Ahinful Johnson
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 48-69; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18423

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Gajendra Sharma, Toshika Ojha
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 15-21; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.17634

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Chikashi Tsuji
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-15; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18441

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, Rebeca Moreno Caetano
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 22-47; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18217

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Raw A Hijazi
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 70-86; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i2.18520

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Ghayth Tahat
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 43-66; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i1.18147

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Prathamesh Muzumdar, Ganga Prasad Basyal, Piyush Vyas
Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 21-42; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i1.18044

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Journal of Management Research, Volume 13, pp 1-20; doi:10.5296/jmr.v13i1.17348

Abstract:
Our conventional wisdom indicates that because of their spread-out nature, performance networks for large projects are bound to experience perfect power diffusion where no one player is likely to gain hegemony over others. We might be wrong about that. It is possible that oligarchic network positioning and influence may emerge (Ansell, Bicher, Zhou, 2016) as political considerations and dominate the more traditional bureaucratic ones. These are applicable for decisions that involve an allocation of resources, adoption of technology, design of control systems, and methods of project appraisal (among others). While considerations for these seem to be dedicated to the limited set, there is a large shortage of work on the application of power in the larger context of networks and very large initiatives (VLI) that may be found in customs, trade, economic, and political unions. This can also be found in any political integration or economic integration projects, for example in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The contention is that exchanges of power in formal regulated structures may be predictable, it is the informal and unregulated condition that influence performance of integration. This paper focuses on the structures for minority control and suggests these strategies to influence a network come from the influence of nodes and edges of the network, and not from top down control.
Douglas K Peterson
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 20-41; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i4.17345

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Alexandra Galli-Debicella
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 1-19; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i4.17696

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Elu Akpala-Onnekikami
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i4.17520

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Chui Seong Lim, Jia Leng Loo, Siew Chin Wong, Kay Tze Hong
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i3.17149

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Ahmad Hassan, Wade Cook
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 58-72; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i3.17121

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Paul James
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 72-98; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i3.17056

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Gajendra Sharma
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 41-57; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i3.17061

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Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 1-18; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i3.16912

Abstract:
The United States workforce is in a period of transition. In April 2020, more than 20 million U.S. workers were out of work. As the economy seeks to reboot, organizations will have to prioritize how they rebuild their workforces. Prior to the global pandemic, there was nearly unprecedented low unemployment within the United States. Firms were constantly seeking ways to stabilize turnover within their organizations to achieve a competitive advantage. This research was conducted to analyze the impact leadership style has on employee job satisfaction. Surveys were collected to determine if there were significant differences in the perceived leadership styles within the industry, a relationship between leadership and job satisfaction, and identify a monetary threshold for which employees would quit. A hybrid of the Vannsimpco Leadership Survey (VLS) and Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) was administered to the 92 survey respondents. A single factor, one-way ANOVA was conducted to analyze the participants’ responses to the survey. The ANOVA calculations revealed a significant difference among the nine leadership styles (F [8, 819] = 12.36, p < .001). A Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) test was used to test for significance between the means and found significance in 14 of the 36 pairs.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 14-24; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i2.15771

Abstract:
Forecasting the number of attendees in a motion picture has often been considered a wild guess since there are many factors or variables involved in forecasting the numbers. There are many contributing factors to consider when attempting forecasting theatre attendance. Among many possible variables the ones with the most significant impact that are considered in this study are; the day that movie is playing, the time of day that movie plays, the ranking of the movie, the genre of movie, the length of time that the movie has been released and finally whether school is in or out. For the most part, these are quantifiable measures and thus should be able to derive an accurate forecasting module. At first, the aim of this study is to compare all the variables by the decision maker based on the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and to rank the variables based on the importance according to the AHP process. Once the variables are set, the regression analysis is applied to forecast attendance in a movie theater. Multiple regression analysis is used in this study based on a sample of 711 observations. Using SPSS statistical software, a model is developed to forecast the number of attendees and the model provides R2 = 0.760, which is a strong predictor. Finally, the hypothesis test is conducted to verify the accuracy of the regression model with the actual data and even with a = 0.10 the null hypothesis could not be rejected.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 1-13; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i2.16080

Abstract:
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) internationalization and entrepreneurial orientation constructs have dominated the entrepreneurship research domain. However, scanty research has made any attempt to empirically understand how entrepreneurial orientation (EO) of CEOs and senior managers of SMEs could influence their internationalization process. This study has addressed that gap by exploring the influences of EO on SMEs internationalization. Qualitative data was collected from eight CEOs and twenty-three senior managers from eight SMEs in four developing markets. Pattern-matching strategy is used to analyze the data by comparing several pieces of information from the CEOs and senior managers to theoretical propositions. The result of this study indicate that entrepreneurial orientation of CEOs and senior managers play a significant role in enhancing the ability of the SMEs to be competitive, innovative, and risk-takers, thus preparing the firms to be more proactive toward international business.
Faisal Albourini
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 74-89; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i1.15950

Abstract:
The study is aimed to identifying the Human Capital and its Effect on Achieving Competitive Advantage: From the perspectives of Academic Leaders in the Jordanian Private Universities in the Northern Region. Questionnaire was developed to collect data, in which distributed to a sample of 222 persons. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Study found a range of results which highlighted by There is a statistically significant impact of human capital on achieving competitive advantage in private universities in the Northern Region. The study recommended Private Universities must use their resources to achieve growth and continuity by providing an appropriate regulatory environment and an interactive work environment that helps link knowledge and expertise.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 37-56; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i1.15819

Abstract:
This is a research paper that is concentrated on assessing service marketing developments and medical tourism and its impacts on the of private hospital provision in Bangkok, in terms of rationale, application and engagement.An interpretive methodology was utilised in order to help understand the senior marketing management perceptions underpinning hospital services marketing developments directed towards medical tourism. The scope for this research were private hospital on-site senior marketing teams. The population of interest was made up of 14 senior marketers located at multiple-site main health services offices.The research outcomes consisted of three (3) Main Themes - Health Services Marketing Management, Health Services Unit Internal Management and Services Marketing Developments; ten (10) sub-themes; with 244 discussion targets.The paper addresses a number of raised issues and establishes outcomes and implications for managing medical tourism within the private hospital sector in Bangkok.Very little research has been conducted in this area in Bangkok and the paper addresses health service issues/reactions to Medical Tourism as being unclear, tentative and requiring more effective and robust services marketing developments.
Agung Endika Satyadini, Abdul Basir, Adi Barata
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 57-73; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i1.16011

Abstract:
It is worth observing that in the context of customs administration, risk management plays a crucial role in coordinating activities to direct and control risk that help customs officials for addressing the problem of limited resources, increased trade volume, and the need for prompt clearance. However, it is also worth highlighting that customs risk management framework needs to be dynamically improved to meet the changes in global value chain. This study analyzed the successful experiences in area of risk management, as well as important international documents, recommended by World Customs Organization and proposed a cutting-edge approach of customs risk management framework, in accordance with the importance of risk management in the process of trade facilitation and customs procedures.
Lu-Jui Chen, Hung-Tai Tsou, Chun-Chung Chen
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12, pp 1-25; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i1.15595

Abstract:
Most studies discuss the mechanisms through which multinational enterprises (MNEs) empower their autonomy to their subsidiaries. However, how giving autonomy can promote one’s absorptive capability is less investigated. In addition, the linked relationship is important for subsidiaries, but it also has a spillover effect. Based on this idea, this study analyzes the market conditions and springboard intentions as the reasons for subsidiary autonomy. We use data from subsidiaries that are located in Taiwan to test our contention. Our findings indicated that market conditions have positive impacts on empowering autonomy, and autonomy would allow subsidiaries to improve their knowledge absorption capacities. This study also verified the mediating effect of autonomy and the moderating effect of vertical integration quality. In general, our findings contribute to international enterprise and subsidiary management theory and have practical referential value for spillover effects and investment strategies.
Ali Awad Alwagfi, , Khaled Abdalqader Alomari
Journal of Management Research, Volume 12; doi:10.5296/jmr.v12i1.15794

Abstract:
This study aims at investigating the reality of social responsibility, and its ethical dimensions in educational business organizations in addition to knowing the prevailing advantages and disadvantages. The sample of the study consisted of northern Jordanian universities were 210 male and female as respondents to a questionnaire. 200 questionnaires were valid for statistical analysis in order to achieve the purposes of this study; the researcher adopted a descriptive approach. This study utilized a tool to measure the social responsibility, and its ethical dimensions in private northern Jordanian universities. The study concluded that the correlation between social responsibility and ethical dimensions were statistically significant. In light of the aforementioned findings, the study recommended the raising employees’ morals and motivating them in ethical ways, in addition to developing a clear plan applied by educational organizations to apply and practice social responsibility.
Chikashi Tsuji
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 48-59; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i4.15533

Abstract:
This paper investigates the return transmission between four Asian stock markets in Japan, China, Korea, and Taiwan. Specifically, applying a vector autoregression (VAR) model, this study derives the following interesting findings and interpretations. First, our results reveal that (1) rapid cross-country and autoregressive return transmission between the four Asian stock markets recently decreased, and (2) recently, the effects from the Japanese stock market to the other three Asian stock markets became weaker. Furthermore, our results clarify that (3) the return transmission effect from the Chinese stock market to the other three Asian stock markets is generally weak, also meaning that the Chinese stock market evolves autonomously.
Koshy Koshy, Michael Preustti, Mitchel A. Rosen
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i4.10775

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Vural Karagul
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 12-47; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i4.15118

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine if Turkish people prefer their leaders with spiritual leadership characteristics. The findings reveal that Turkish people prefer their leaders with spiritual values and characteristics. In addition, Turkish people in both the East and West part of Turkey, after spiritual leadership values and characteristics, want to see their leaders with religious values. However, the magnitude of preferences of religious values in the East part of Turkey is higher than in the West part of Turkey.These results can be implemented training the high ranked government officials such as bureaucrats and district governors to empower them with spiritual leadership values and characteristics; therefore, they could provide better services for the benefits of people. Also, political parties can bring spiritual leadership values to their agenda. They can emphasize on these values in their party programs and to raise awareness among the party leaders and members to inspire and sustain people.
, Soad A. Almeshal
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 36-47; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i3.14940

Abstract:
Purpose: the main purpose of this study is to investigate and understand the impact of pay level satisfaction and company reputation on work engagement. Design/methodology/approach: the study considered an empirical study that uses a qualitative method and probability sampling technique. The questionnaire was conduct using internet- based survey where the sample includes random male and female working in both public and privet Saudi universities with 72 retrieved.Findings: the study shows that pay level satisfaction and company reputation have a significant statistical impact on work engagement.
Tung Siaw Yee, Lim Chui Seong, Wong Siew Chin
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 18-35; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i3.14776

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Srimannarayana M.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i3.14505

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Mohammad Mansoor Khan
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 1-17; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i2.14141

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Chikashi Tsuji
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 30-44; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i2.14513

Abstract:
This paper investigates the relations of structural breaks and volatility spillovers by using the US and Canadian stock return data. Specifically, applying spillover MGARCH models without and with structural break dummy variables to the two stock returns, this study derives the following interesting evidence. (1) First, we reveal that for both the US and Canadian stock returns, the volatility persistence parameter values in our spillover MGARCH models decline when structural break dummy variables are incorporated. (2) Second, we further clarify that when we do not take structural breaks into account, the spillover effect was unidirectional from Canada to the US. However, when we take structural breaks into consideration, the results from our spillover MGARCH model with structural break dummies demonstrate that the volatility spillover effects between the US and Canada become bidirectional. (3) Third, we furthermore reveal that around the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy in 2008, the time-varying volatilities derived from our spillover MGARCH model with structural break dummy variables show slightly higher values than those volatilities from our spillover MGARCH model with no structural break dummy variable.
Abid Djazuli, , Novita Sari Anggraini
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 55-62; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i2.14473

Abstract:
This research’s purpose is to analyze the influence of firm size, asset structure and the profitability toward capital structure in automotive sector companies listed on the Indonesia stock exchange (BEI). The sample of this research used purposive sampling technique in line with criteria of automotive sector manufacturing company listed on BEI and publish the result of financial report and present the data completely including data from the variables in the research period (June 2012- July 2017), so it has 7 companies as the sample. To analyze the data, the researcher used multiple linear regression. The result of this research showed that there was no significant influence of firm size to capital structure. There was significant influence of asset structure to capital structure. There was no significant influence of profitability to capital structure. There was significant influence of firm size, asset structure and profitability toward capital structure.
Amena Shahid
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 45-54; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i2.14612

Abstract:
For the prior two decades, employee engagement has been a subject of interest both in academic research and among managers. Organizations have invested vital resources in promoting employee engagement since employee engagement is identified as a critical driver of organizational performance. Engagement adds distinctly to an organization’s performance, driving to gains in quality, customer satisfaction, and long-term monetary results. In a world that is evolving both regarding the global essence of work and the diversity of the employees, engaged employees may be a core of an ambitious resource. Companies promoting employee engagement will achieve organizational goals effectively. Several employees look for settings where they can be engaged and know that they are participating positively. The paper presents the employee engagement framework enabling organizations to understand how engagement may differ by employee or group and recognize the key drivers that impact engagement at the workplace.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 18-29; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i2.14335

Abstract:
This paper offers a model based on institutional theory to explain differences in the level of new venture formation and development between the Confucian-based societies of East-Asia and Western countries such as the United States. We propose that the Confucian values underlying the institutional and cultural environments of East-Asian countries adversely affect the social legitimacy of entrepreneurial firms thereby inhibiting new venture formation and growth. The theoretical model and propositions developed in this paper extend the theoretical understanding of the interplay between Confucian values, cognitive behavior, and entrepreneurial firm legitimacy. Implications for international entrepreneurship research are discussed.
Ali Mustafa Al-Qudah
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 61-79; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i1.13771

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, Amit Goel
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 15-27; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i1.14192

Abstract:
Causes and Costs of Financial Inclusion in India
Nermeen Khasawneh
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 28-44; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i1.14201

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 1-14; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i1.13221

Abstract:
This paper presents the role of cooperatives on the socio-economic development of Ethiopia. It is based on a national survey where 173 cooperatives and 831 cooperatives members were taken as a sample and Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) at eight different regions of the country were considered. The study was based on semi-structured questionnaire. It included a period of ten years (2001-2011).Results of the survey reveal that cooperatives have contributed a lot in the country’s economic development besides supporting their members by providing different products, services, as well as variety of benefits such as securing their food, increasing their income, improving life style and social participation, and inputs for their agriculture activities. Moreover, on the average cooperatives support nearly 15.00 to 29.68 descent jobs and spent 28,032.29 up to 122,297.7birr as wage and salary per cooperative per year. The average contribution of cooperatives to the Ethiopian GDP for the last ten years is found to be relatively less which ranges 1.21% to 12.27%. The overall findings showed that, cooperatives have struggled to impact the socio-economic development of the country and support their members to improve their livelihood with the unpaved economy and policy of the country.
, James Tan
Journal of Management Research, Volume 11, pp 79-90; doi:10.5296/jmr.v11i1.14198

Abstract:
The strength of strategic management largely results from its ability to integrate diverse ideas and theories from different fields of study and apply them to real-world organizational issues. However, strategy researchers generally lack an understanding of the potential issues surrounding the paradigm conflicts that are often involved in interdisciplinary research. In response, this paper emphasizes the importance of epistemological paradigms in scientific research and discusses implications of paradigm conflicts on theory progression in strategic management. Suggestions to reduce such paradigm conflicts in interdisciplinary fertilization are also provided.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 1-16; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13623

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Rose J. Katabi, Romanus L. Dimoso
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 41-57; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13634

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, , Adnan Rahman, Abu Bakar A. Hamid, Fariha Binte Mahmud, Ashikul Hoque
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 27-40; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13568

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of the different leadership styles on employee empowerment in the Malaysian retail industry. A quantitative study was carried out to collect and analyse the data. A survey was conducted through the convenience sampling to include one hundred respondents, who are working in retail organizations in Selangor, Malaysia. The personal data of the respondents were analysed through descriptive analysis. In addition, the inferential analysis was employed to test the hypotheses. The results of the study found that two of the three hypotheses were supported by respondents while another one was rejected. The paper includes research limitations and direction for future research.
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 72-91; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13692

Abstract:
The goal of this research is to understand how recruiters perceive the fit between the characteristics of electronic job marketplaces and their needs, and how that fit influences the use of corporate career portals and expected performance. This paper contributes in providing considerable attention of technological, individual and social factors; thus, it integrates TAM and TTF and incorporates subjective norms and computer self-efficacy into the integrated model. This unique model is developed to interpret recruiters' attitudes towards its actual use, and consequently to understand the expected performance. A total of 145 valid responses collected from HR practitioners at Jordanian banks were statistically analysed. Results showed a good fit between the model’s technological attributes and the task of recruiting. Thus, the results indicated that the proposed model could be used to predict the users' intention toward corporate career portal. The Actual use of corporate career portals was directly affected by perceived usefulness and subjective norms, while there was no effect of perceived ease of use on actual use. Indirectly, fit of technology characteristics to task requirements, and computer self-efficacy have a significant effect on actual use and ultimately on users' performance.
Amena Shahid
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 58-71; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13680

Abstract:
An organization effort to recognize the reasons for employee retention can serve to keep turnover down. No matter what industry it is essential to comprehend what the employees think and sense about the organization and the working culture. A supportive and positive work environment instilled by motivation and trust strengthens the connection between an organization and employee. When organizational leaders naturally respect employees as more than mere work resources, employees reach a high level of performance and will continue with the organization longer. The primary objective of this study was to recognize and promote the factors of trust and motivation influencing a positive working environment and employees intentions to stay with the organization. The study aims to determine elements of employee intent to stay and contribute to the growing body of literature on the significance of trust, motivation and positive working environment.
Gajendra Sharma Rabin Shrestha
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 17-26; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.13060

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Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 92-96; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i4.11812

Abstract:
Nurse leader succession plan in acute care is a business strategy that has a financial impact. Quality care and patient safety is reliant on effective clinical leadership. Efficiency and effectiveness in care delivery processes and outcomes translate into corporate financial sustainability. The premise of nurse leader succession plan is to build leadership capacity for clinicians, and enlarge nursing portfolio. Potential candidates acquire skills and knowledge pertinent to professional growth and leadership roles. Structured mentorship program focus on inter-professional collaboration that enhance clinical and leadership competencies. Individualized professional development plans align competencies with personal career goals. Emerging nurse leaders are inspired to demonstrate commitment and ownership of healthcare processes and outcomes. Regular performance appraisal and feedback provide objectivity in training and development programs. Additionally, communication and relationship management lead to efficiency and mentorship program integration. Succession plan and leadership development advances nursing discipline, autonomy, career development and job satisfaction. Therefore, a nurse leader succession plan provides a reflection on the voice of a nurse in hospital environment.
Abdulla Awadh Abdulla Abdulhabib, Hassan Al-Dhaafri
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 31-51; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i3.13104

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Houneida Ben Brahim, Slim Hadoussa
Journal of Management Research, Volume 10, pp 1-13; doi:10.5296/jmr.v10i3.13103

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