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Results in Journal Archives of Case Reports: 63

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Andrea Bedei, Claudio Carbonara, Alessio Farcomeni, Laura Castellini, Alessia Pietrelli
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 017-021;

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate which ocular parameters have an impact on visual results obtained after an extended depth of focus (EDF) wavefront-designed intraocular lens (IOL). Setting: The study was conducted in three Italian centers (private practice in Lucca and two ambulatory surgical centers in Pisa and in Rome) from 01/09/2014 to 30/09/2015. Design: The study population included 178 eyes of 91 patients who had cataract surgery and implantation of an EDF wavefront - designed IOL (Mini Well Ready - SIFI Med Tech S.r.l.). Methods: Preoperative and postoperative refractive corneal spherical aberration (SA), ocular axial length, or anterior chamber depth were measured. Results: The majority of patients were spectacle-independent for near, intermediate, and distance vision and no one reported disturbing halos or glare. No overall significant differences were observed when stratifying anterior chamber depth (ACD) and ocular axial length (AL) by uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA); p = 0.465 and 1.000 respectively, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA); p = uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA); p = 1.000 and 0.728 respectively; p = 1.000 under both parameters and halos; 1.000 under both parameters. Still, there was a statistically significant difference when stratifying SA with 5 mm only by UDVA (p = 0.040). Conclusion: These results are consistent with similar outcomes in the scientific literature as measured with tests of visual acuity, either with or without optical correction. We also demonstrated that these IOLs can be used in myopic and hyperopic eyes, although it may be useful to evaluate the preoperative corneal SA to achieve better results.
Cherni Nizar, Chaachou Abdallah, Ferjaoui Wael, Dridi Mohamed, Ghozzi Samir
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 015-016;

Cutaneous metastases of urothelial tumors are extremely rare.
Ayadi Mohamed Firas, Atallah Aziz, Medhioub Fatma, Omrani Sahir, Ferjaoui Wael, Mestiri Hafedh, Bayar Rached
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 013-014;

Pancreatic lipoma is a benign, mesenchymal-derived tumor. It is an uncommon entity that is rarely reported. The diagnosis is usually made on a CT scan or MRI. We present a case of a pancreatic lipoma incidentally discovered on imaging in a 53-years old patient presenting for acute cholecystitis.
Susan Ujuanbi Amenawon, Divine Amain Ebidimie, Frances Gregory
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 009-012;

Background: The prevalence of cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CCHD) varies world wide. It accounts for a third of all congenital heart diseases. The common CCHD includes Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), truncus arteriosus, and tricuspid atresia (TA). Less common variants include Ebstein’s anomaly, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia, and single ventricle. Children of all ages can be are affected. The commonest presentation is cyanosis. Bradycardia and/or congenital heart block are rare presentations and mostly occur in the presence of an associated congenital atrioventricular block. Case report: We report a case of a 3-month-old female presenting with congenital heart block and bradycardia at 3 months of age and found to have complex cyanotic congenital heart disease on echocardiography. Conclusion: An infant presenting with bradycardia clinically should be screened for congenital heart defect as bradycardia may be an ominous sign of serious underlying cardiac defect.
Cheva Angeliki, Tsagkaropoulos Sokratis, Pepis Panagiotis, Syrnioti Antonia, Foroulis Christoforos
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 005-008;

Malignant pericardial effusion is a usual and crucial exacerbation in malignancies. In some cases, pericardial effusion may be the first manifestation of the disease. Neoplastic pericarditis is extremely rare in thyroid cancer. Hereby, we describe the case of a 54-year-old man submitted to the hospital for chest pain and dyspnea. Clinical and radiological examinations were suggestive of pericardial effusion and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent pericardial drainage and surgical biopsy of a paratracheal lymph node. Pericardial biopsies were also taken. Histology study was compatible with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma with “signet-ring” cell morphology. Extended study of thyroid gland and function was performed and he was referred to oncologists for further treatment.
Asgarshirazi Masoumeh, Daneshjou Khadije, Raeeskarami Seyed Reza, Keramati Mohammad Reza, Ghazi Samrand Fattah
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 001-004;

Acute pancreatitis in childhood is not common and viral and bacterial infections, bile duct diseases, medications, systemic diseases, trauma, metabolic diseases, and hyperlipidemia are among the most common causes in them. Acute necrotizing pancreatitis is even rarer. The clinical presentation of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C) includes fever, severe illness, and the involvement of two or more organ systems, in combination with laboratory evidence of inflammation and with or without laboratory or epidemiologic evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. We present a case of a 15 years old boy with fatal acute necrotizing pancreatitis that fulfilled MIS-C definition based on RCPCH (Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health) and CPSP (Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program) criteria.
Lhajoui H, Bounnit I, Moussali N, Merzem A, Amriss O, Belgadir H, Elbenna N
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 034-036;

The case report presents a neuromyelitis optica in a 19 years old male. Brain and spinal cord MRI showed bilateral optic neuropathy, multiphasic demyelinating process involving the cervical and thoracic spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid showed negative NMO Ig G. We will describe the radiological aspect of neuromyelitis optica with a review of the literature.
Monti Valentina, Serpenti Fabio, Farina Lucia, Moiraghi Maria Luisa, Testi Maria Adele, Pruneri Giancarlo
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 028-031;

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is a common clonal neoplasm of small, mature B-lymphocytes. CLL is a heterogeneous disease with different clinical presentation, response to treatment and survival.
Jegaden Margaux, Debras Elodie, Pourcelot Anne-Gaëlle, Neveu Marie-Emmanuelle, Capmas Perrine, Fernandez Hervé
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 032-033;

Video objective: To demonstrate that surgical technique of vaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage must be performed in women with history of cervical incompetence with more than two late miscarriages before 24 weeks or premature deliveries before 28 weeks and after prior failure of preventive Mc Donald cerclage. In this video, the authors describe the complete procedure in 8 steps to standardize and facilitate the procedure in a simple and safe way during pregnancy. Design: Step-by-step video demonstration of the surgical technique. Setting: Tertiary Center for University Hospital.
Ayadi Mohamed Firas, Hajri Mohamed, Talbi Ghofran, Mestiri Hafedh, Bayar Rached
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 027-027;

A 38-year-old woman with no past medical history presented to the emergency room with dyspnea, fever and upper left abdominal pain.
, Boumsong Batamag Jean Baptiste, Engbang Jean Paul, Djomo Dominique, Ngaroua Esdras, Landenne Jacques, Tsiagadigui Jean Gustave
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 023-026;

We describe a new case of duodenal wound with complete transection in a 22-year-old patient following a motorcycle accident. He presented to the emergency room of the rural Regional Hospital of Edéa in Cameroon with a clinical picture of acute abdomen and post-trauma hemodynamic instability. A peritoneal puncture brought back an incoagulable blood. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a large hemoperitoneum mixed with food debris. A tear of the omentum and transverse mesocolon and a complete section of the third duodenum at the beginning of its free portion were observed. The surgeon performed emergency closure of both duodenal stumps and performed an isoperistaltic lateral gastrojejunal bypass. A transfer to a specialized center for a more anatomical continuity was considered, but the imminence of a humanitarian mission in the hospital prompted the surgeon to seize the opportunity of this mission for the reoperation. This surgical revision was performed on the fifth postoperative day. A resection of the distal duodenal stump and the adjacent jejunal segment including the anastomosis was performed. Continuity was restored by a mechanical duodenal-jejunal anastomosis. The patient was discharged on the 18th postoperative day. This type of lesion is difficult to manage in an emergency situation in a structure with limited technical resources. Unfortunately, surgeons treating polytraumatized civilians are encountering an increasing number of blunt duodenal wounds requiring laborious management.
Agbaje Jimoh Olubanwo, Mohamad El Moheb, Diederich Henri
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 014-020;

The aim of this publication is to present case reports to show what is possible with pterygoid implants for the rehabilitation of edentulous space in the jaw (maxilla) while avoiding sinus lifts and bone grafting procedures. In addition, the added value of one-piece implants for screwed retention is elucidated.
, Kwiatek Renata, El-Hassanieh Izabela, Ziółkowski Piotr
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 012-013;

A case of oncocytic papillary cystadenoma in a 72-year old woman, a rare tumor of laryngeal seromucinous glands of unclear nature is presented. The patient had a history of chronic inflammation of laryngeal mucosa and both her age and tumor location were typical. The lesion was resected transorally without complications. Histological findings are shown in the present study. The controversial status of oncocytic papillary cystadenoma as either a true neoplasm or a combination of metaplastic and hyperplastic changes, its resemblance to Warthin’s tumor and optimal approach to treatment are discussed.
, Goel Divya, Singh Akanksha, Babu Suresh, Singh Vishwajeet
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 009-011;

Bladder carcinomas have a great propensity for divergent differentiation with more that 90% being Transitional cell carcinoma. Several histological variants have been have described so far; they are not only morphologically unique but also have significant prognostic and therapeutic differences making their timely identification of paramount importance. Osteoclastic giant cell variant of urothelial carcinoma is very rare type with controversial management. Studies from China have documented higher incidence and severity of illness in COVID-19 positive cancer patients. We report an unusual case of Osteoclastic giant cell variant of urothelial carcinoma in a 63 yrs old male patient associated with simultaneous COVID-19 infection.
, Wiesendanger Natalia Hernandez, Hernández Clàudia Riera, Gracia Carlos Esteban, Pujol Secundino Llagostera
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 004-006;

Hypogastric artery aneurysms are an uncommon entity. When the diameter achieves > 30-35 mm, they should be treated. Endovascular repair may be considered as first line therapy. One therapeutic option for internal iliac artery aneurysm exclusion is its embolization with or without covering the ostium with a covered stent. They may be some complications when it is not, as a distal coil migration that may produce ischemic symptoms. We are presenting a 73-years-old male admitted to hospital with an acute right lower limb ischemia caused by a coil migration. He recently underwent a right hypogastric artery aneurysm endovascular treatment by coil embolization without covering the hypogastric ostium with a covered stent. The patient underwent an emergency surgery to remove the coil by a transfemoral surgical approach with posterior thrombectomy of the secondary thrombus. Actually, he remains asymptomatic and with right posterior tibial pulse. Covered stent placement at the common iliac artery and external iliac artery could be the best option to avoid the risk of aneurysm rupture caused by endotension and the risk of distal coil migration.
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 001-003;

The increasing use of highly conformal radiation deliberates a higher accurate targeting. Contouring and clinical judgment are presumably the crucial point, thus positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging PET/MRI with somatostatin analogs appears to be useful in radiotherapy target definition. A case report of a 43-year-old woman presented with a recurrence of a meningioma (World Health Organization group I classification) in skull base, 2 years after resection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a left sided skull base mass on sphenoid wing, anterior clinoid and with a soft tissue component in the lateral portion of the orbit. Contrast-enhanced MRI and a computed tomography (CT) dedicated were used to the radiotherapy planning. Aiming an improvement on target volume delineation, 68Ga-DOTATOC-PET/MRI was also performed due the difficult localization of the tumor in skull base. Was treated using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) to a total dose of 54 Gy in 28 fractions. It was prescribed to the planning target volume (PTV), defined based of both imaging modalities. In our case PET/MRI helped to define the target, which volume becomes bigger than that based exclusively on MRI and CT.
Hajri Mohamed, , Atallah Aziz, Bacha Dhouha, Bayar Rached, Khalfallah Mohamed Tahar
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 050-051;

Bacha Dhouha, Guizani Rami, , Atallah Aziz, Slama Sana Ben, Lahmar Ahlem
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 052-053;

Wang Yifan, Zhou Pan, Tian Xingcang, Meng Shuping, Sun Xiao, Li Ting, Ting Li
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 026-027;

Urakçi Zuhat, Ebinç Senar, Küçüköner Mehmet, Morkuzu Suat, Yaman Coşkun Özge, Oruç Zeynep, Sezgin Yasin, Bilen Erkan, Karhan Oğur, Akdeniz Nadiye, et al.
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 007-009;

Mohamed Irzi, Tarik Mhanna, Amine EL Houmaidi, Aynaou Mohammed, Chennoufi Mehdi, Abdelghani Ouraghi, Wassim Alaoui Mhammedi, Barki Ali
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 004-006;

Zsoldos Márta, Vezér Márton, Pusztafalvi Henriette, Pencz Bianka, Hargitai Dora,
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 056-058;

M Gowri Sankar, Cb Manu, Alexander Arun
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 1, pp 006-008;

, , Antonio Del Prete, Marisa Meloni, Lucia Grumetto, Giacomo Russo, Del Prete Salvatore, Marasco Daniela, Del Prete Antonio, Meloni Marisa, et al.
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 050-053;

Ovalle Juan P, Orozco Estefanía M, Pedraza Laura C, Barrera María C, , Barrios M Dormar D
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 043-046;

, Nanho Danho Clotaire, N’Dhatz Comoe Emeraude, Boidy Kouakou, Camengo Police Serge Magloire, Diakité Mamady, Mbelesso Pascal, Koffi Kouassi Gustave
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 035-037;

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