Results in Journal Archives of Case Reports: 63
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Published: 8 August 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 017-021; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001061
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate which ocular parameters have an impact on visual results obtained after an extended depth of focus (EDF) wavefront-designed intraocular lens (IOL). Setting: The study was conducted in three Italian centers (private practice in Lucca and two ambulatory surgical centers in Pisa and in Rome) from 01/09/2014 to 30/09/2015. Design: The study population included 178 eyes of 91 patients who had cataract surgery and implantation of an EDF wavefront - designed IOL (Mini Well Ready - SIFI Med Tech S.r.l.). Methods: Preoperative and postoperative refractive corneal spherical aberration (SA), ocular axial length, or anterior chamber depth were measured. Results: The majority of patients were spectacle-independent for near, intermediate, and distance vision and no one reported disturbing halos or glare. No overall significant differences were observed when stratifying anterior chamber depth (ACD) and ocular axial length (AL) by uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCDVA); p = 0.465 and 1.000 respectively, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA); p = uncorrected near visual acuity (UCNVA); p = 1.000 and 0.728 respectively; p = 1.000 under both parameters and halos; 1.000 under both parameters. Still, there was a statistically significant difference when stratifying SA with 5 mm only by UDVA (p = 0.040). Conclusion: These results are consistent with similar outcomes in the scientific literature as measured with tests of visual acuity, either with or without optical correction. We also demonstrated that these IOLs can be used in myopic and hyperopic eyes, although it may be useful to evaluate the preoperative corneal SA to achieve better results.
Published: 6 June 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 015-016; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001060
Cutaneous metastases of urothelial tumors are extremely rare.
Published: 24 May 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 013-014; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001059
Pancreatic lipoma is a benign, mesenchymal-derived tumor. It is an uncommon entity that is rarely reported. The diagnosis is usually made on a CT scan or MRI. We present a case of a pancreatic lipoma incidentally discovered on imaging in a 53-years old patient presenting for acute cholecystitis.
Published: 11 April 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 009-012; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001058
Background: The prevalence of cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CCHD) varies world wide. It accounts for a third of all congenital heart diseases. The common CCHD includes Tetralogy of Fallot(TOF), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR), truncus arteriosus, and tricuspid atresia (TA). Less common variants include Ebstein’s anomaly, Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, pulmonary atresia, and single ventricle. Children of all ages can be are affected. The commonest presentation is cyanosis. Bradycardia and/or congenital heart block are rare presentations and mostly occur in the presence of an associated congenital atrioventricular block. Case report: We report a case of a 3-month-old female presenting with congenital heart block and bradycardia at 3 months of age and found to have complex cyanotic congenital heart disease on echocardiography. Conclusion: An infant presenting with bradycardia clinically should be screened for congenital heart defect as bradycardia may be an ominous sign of serious underlying cardiac defect.
Published: 20 January 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 005-008; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001057
Malignant pericardial effusion is a usual and crucial exacerbation in malignancies. In some cases, pericardial effusion may be the first manifestation of the disease. Neoplastic pericarditis is extremely rare in thyroid cancer. Hereby, we describe the case of a 54-year-old man submitted to the hospital for chest pain and dyspnea. Clinical and radiological examinations were suggestive of pericardial effusion and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent pericardial drainage and surgical biopsy of a paratracheal lymph node. Pericardial biopsies were also taken. Histology study was compatible with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma with “signet-ring” cell morphology. Extended study of thyroid gland and function was performed and he was referred to oncologists for further treatment.
Published: 13 January 2022
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 6, pp 001-004; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001056
Acute pancreatitis in childhood is not common and viral and bacterial infections, bile duct diseases, medications, systemic diseases, trauma, metabolic diseases, and hyperlipidemia are among the most common causes in them. Acute necrotizing pancreatitis is even rarer. The clinical presentation of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C) includes fever, severe illness, and the involvement of two or more organ systems, in combination with laboratory evidence of inflammation and with or without laboratory or epidemiologic evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. We present a case of a 15 years old boy with fatal acute necrotizing pancreatitis that fulfilled MIS-C definition based on RCPCH (Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health) and CPSP (Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program) criteria.
Published: 7 December 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 034-036; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001055
The case report presents a neuromyelitis optica in a 19 years old male. Brain and spinal cord MRI showed bilateral optic neuropathy, multiphasic demyelinating process involving the cervical and thoracic spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid showed negative NMO Ig G. We will describe the radiological aspect of neuromyelitis optica with a review of the literature.
Published: 10 November 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 028-031; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001053
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is a common clonal neoplasm of small, mature B-lymphocytes. CLL is a heterogeneous disease with different clinical presentation, response to treatment and survival.
Published: 12 November 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 032-033; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001054
Video objective: To demonstrate that surgical technique of vaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage must be performed in women with history of cervical incompetence with more than two late miscarriages before 24 weeks or premature deliveries before 28 weeks and after prior failure of preventive Mc Donald cerclage. In this video, the authors describe the complete procedure in 8 steps to standardize and facilitate the procedure in a simple and safe way during pregnancy. Design: Step-by-step video demonstration of the surgical technique. Setting: Tertiary Center for University Hospital.
Published: 19 October 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 027-027; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001052
A 38-year-old woman with no past medical history presented to the emergency room with dyspnea, fever and upper left abdominal pain.
Published: 28 July 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 023-026; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001051
We describe a new case of duodenal wound with complete transection in a 22-year-old patient following a motorcycle accident. He presented to the emergency room of the rural Regional Hospital of Edéa in Cameroon with a clinical picture of acute abdomen and post-trauma hemodynamic instability. A peritoneal puncture brought back an incoagulable blood. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a large hemoperitoneum mixed with food debris. A tear of the omentum and transverse mesocolon and a complete section of the third duodenum at the beginning of its free portion were observed. The surgeon performed emergency closure of both duodenal stumps and performed an isoperistaltic lateral gastrojejunal bypass. A transfer to a specialized center for a more anatomical continuity was considered, but the imminence of a humanitarian mission in the hospital prompted the surgeon to seize the opportunity of this mission for the reoperation. This surgical revision was performed on the fifth postoperative day. A resection of the distal duodenal stump and the adjacent jejunal segment including the anastomosis was performed. Continuity was restored by a mechanical duodenal-jejunal anastomosis. The patient was discharged on the 18th postoperative day. This type of lesion is difficult to manage in an emergency situation in a structure with limited technical resources. Unfortunately, surgeons treating polytraumatized civilians are encountering an increasing number of blunt duodenal wounds requiring laborious management.
Published: 16 July 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 021-022; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001050
Published: 26 May 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 014-020; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001049
The aim of this publication is to present case reports to show what is possible with pterygoid implants for the rehabilitation of edentulous space in the jaw (maxilla) while avoiding sinus lifts and bone grafting procedures. In addition, the added value of one-piece implants for screwed retention is elucidated.
Published: 30 April 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 012-013; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001048
A case of oncocytic papillary cystadenoma in a 72-year old woman, a rare tumor of laryngeal seromucinous glands of unclear nature is presented. The patient had a history of chronic inflammation of laryngeal mucosa and both her age and tumor location were typical. The lesion was resected transorally without complications. Histological findings are shown in the present study. The controversial status of oncocytic papillary cystadenoma as either a true neoplasm or a combination of metaplastic and hyperplastic changes, its resemblance to Warthin’s tumor and optimal approach to treatment are discussed.
Published: 12 April 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 009-011; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001047
Bladder carcinomas have a great propensity for divergent differentiation with more that 90% being Transitional cell carcinoma. Several histological variants have been have described so far; they are not only morphologically unique but also have significant prognostic and therapeutic differences making their timely identification of paramount importance. Osteoclastic giant cell variant of urothelial carcinoma is very rare type with controversial management. Studies from China have documented higher incidence and severity of illness in COVID-19 positive cancer patients. We report an unusual case of Osteoclastic giant cell variant of urothelial carcinoma in a 63 yrs old male patient associated with simultaneous COVID-19 infection.
Published: 23 February 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 007-008; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001046
Published: 10 February 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 004-006; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001045
Hypogastric artery aneurysms are an uncommon entity. When the diameter achieves > 30-35 mm, they should be treated. Endovascular repair may be considered as first line therapy. One therapeutic option for internal iliac artery aneurysm exclusion is its embolization with or without covering the ostium with a covered stent. They may be some complications when it is not, as a distal coil migration that may produce ischemic symptoms. We are presenting a 73-years-old male admitted to hospital with an acute right lower limb ischemia caused by a coil migration. He recently underwent a right hypogastric artery aneurysm endovascular treatment by coil embolization without covering the hypogastric ostium with a covered stent. The patient underwent an emergency surgery to remove the coil by a transfemoral surgical approach with posterior thrombectomy of the secondary thrombus. Actually, he remains asymptomatic and with right posterior tibial pulse. Covered stent placement at the common iliac artery and external iliac artery could be the best option to avoid the risk of aneurysm rupture caused by endotension and the risk of distal coil migration.
Published: 12 January 2021
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 5, pp 001-003; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001044
The increasing use of highly conformal radiation deliberates a higher accurate targeting. Contouring and clinical judgment are presumably the crucial point, thus positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging PET/MRI with somatostatin analogs appears to be useful in radiotherapy target definition. A case report of a 43-year-old woman presented with a recurrence of a meningioma (World Health Organization group I classification) in skull base, 2 years after resection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a left sided skull base mass on sphenoid wing, anterior clinoid and with a soft tissue component in the lateral portion of the orbit. Contrast-enhanced MRI and a computed tomography (CT) dedicated were used to the radiotherapy planning. Aiming an improvement on target volume delineation, 68Ga-DOTATOC-PET/MRI was also performed due the difficult localization of the tumor in skull base. Was treated using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) to a total dose of 54 Gy in 28 fractions. It was prescribed to the planning target volume (PTV), defined based of both imaging modalities. In our case PET/MRI helped to define the target, which volume becomes bigger than that based exclusively on MRI and CT.
Published: 1 September 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 048-049; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001041
Published: 8 September 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 050-051; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001042
Published: 4 November 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 052-053; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001043
Published: 15 July 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 046-047; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001040
Published: 15 June 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 038-040; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001038
Published: 4 May 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 028-031; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001036
Published: 16 June 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 041-045; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001039
Published: 16 June 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 032-037; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001037
Published: 17 April 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 026-027; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001035
Published: 31 March 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 020-021; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001033
Published: 9 April 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 022-025; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001034
Published: 18 March 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 015-019; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001032
Published: 16 March 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 012-014; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001031
Published: 4 March 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 010-011; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001030
Published: 26 February 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 007-009; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001029
Published: 6 February 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 004-006; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001028
Published: 6 January 2020
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 4, pp 001-003; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001027
Published: 23 December 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 056-058; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001026
Published: 14 December 2017
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 1, pp 006-008; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.hjcr.1001003
Published: 27 September 2017
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 1, pp 003-005; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.hjcr.1001002
Published: 6 December 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 054-055; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001025
Published: 6 December 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 050-053; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001024
Published: 20 November 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 047-049; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001023
Published: 19 November 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 040-042; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001021
Published: 20 November 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 043-046; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001022
Published: 16 October 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 038-039; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001020
Published: 30 September 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 029-034; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001018
Published: 2 October 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 035-037; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001019
Published: 24 September 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 026-028; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001017
Published: 2 August 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 017-020; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001015
Published: 17 July 2019
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 014-016; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001014
Published: 5 August 2018
Archives of Case Reports, Volume 3, pp 021-025; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acr.1001016