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Results in Journal JOURNAL "ORBELIANI": 19

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Gocha Barnovi
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Ethics today is preferred not only in secular life but also in ecclesiastical life. It is taught in schools, in the faculties of theology, and, at the same time, in society, it is even equated with dogma (if not more importantly). You can imagine, even in the church it became much more acceptable to deviate from dogma than from moral norms. Interestingly, the term "ethics" was completely unknown in the Orthodox tradition until recent centuries. It is almost never found in ecclesiastical moms, nor was it taught in schools until recent years. This is a term of Western origin that, like other terms, we have inherited in the Church. The tragedy is that due to the conservative nature of our church, we can not follow the current that characterizes the understanding of ethics in the West. This, in turn, continually creates a kind of chasm between the church and society, as society is obliged to support the changes in Auba's ethics that are taking place in Western society.
Nino Katamadze, Giorgi Ustiashvili
Published: 1 December 2019
Abstract:
თავისი სამართლებრივი ბუნებით პარტნიორთა შეთანხმება კერძოსამარ-თლებრივი გარიგებაა, რაც იმას ნიშავს, რომ აღნიშნულთან დაკავშირებული სამართლებრივი საკითხების მომწესრიგებელი ბაზა სამოქალაქო სამართალი და უფრო კონკრეტულად ვალდებულებითი სამართალია, თუმცაღა აღსანიშნავია, რომ მისი პრაქტიკული გამოყენების სფერო და მოწესრიგების საგანი საკორპო-რაციოსამართლებრივი ურთიერთობებია, სახელდობრ კი, შიდა საკორპორაციოსა-მართლებრივი ურთიერთობები.
Lavrenti Maglakhelidze
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Conviction is a less developed legal institution in Georgian criminal science. It is a legal consequence of a convict's conviction by a court and is reflected in the restriction of the convict's individual rights, which, in turn, is reflected in the norms of constitutional, civil or administrative law. Conviction is only a legal consequence of the sentence and that is why the presumption applies - a person is presumed not convicted from the beginning until his conviction is confirmed by a court judgment, however, he should not be revoked or annulled. Thus, unlike other measures of state coercion, only criminal punishment results in a person being convicted.
Maka Partsvania
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
The layout is edited by the European Energy Journal. Thesis issues were added and 37 paragraphs were omitted, referring to the past speeches of Mr. Trump's opponents to focus on the future actions of the President-elect. Indeed, on November 21, 2016, Mr. Trump announced that "one day" he would lift "job killer" restrictions on energy production in the United States - including shale energy and clean coal - by creating millions of high-paying jobs, and appealed to the Department of Defense and The Joint Chiefs of Staff, to develop a comprehensiv
Irine Garakanidze
Published: 1 December 2019
Abstract:
ბართლომეოსი, ღმრთის წყალობით კონსტანტინოპოლის, ახალი რომისა და მსოფლიო პატრიარქი
Nazibrola Chinchaladze
Published: 18 November 2021
Abstract:
It is well known that international law is designed for the welfare of mankind. It is a set of norms governing interstate, intergovernmental relations, both written and unwritten. But intergovernmental relations, as well as interstate relations, create a political reality that contradicts the norms adopted and established by them. In this article, I would like to highlight the sharp points of contact between international law and international relations, which were shown to me by the political reality created in the modern world. I will discuss theoretical issues and confront them with the problems that states create with their decisions. It is impossible to talk about all the points in the format of the article, of course, so I will focus on a few, in particular, on the sources of international law and the subjects of law.
Irakli Javakhishvili
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
There are many religious actors in the system of modern international relations, but one of them is especially important, as it has a special (observer) status in the UN, diplomatic relations with most countries of the world and acts as a norm-setting entity. At the same time, it must be said that scholars in the field of international relations pay very little attention to it. Thus, we are talking about the Roman Catholic Church, whose number of believers exceeds 1.3 billion worldwide, and whose institutional expression and legal personality is a sacred seat in international politics. The purpose of this article is to show how the Holy See still preserves the legacy of medieval European Christianity (Catholicism) in today's international politics and to reaffirm the importance of religion in global processes. The example of the Holy See makes it clear that religious actors have always played a certain role in the transnational governance of the international community. On the other hand, we will try to illustrate the impact that the Holy See's diplomatic strategy can have on the secular state system as well as on global public policy.
Gvantsa Gugeshashvili
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Historically, the founding treaties of the EU, which existed before the Treaty of Lisbon, did not regulate the distribution of powers between the EU and its member states. In this regard, the European Commission in 2001, in its White Paper on European Governance, indicated that there was a clear separation of powers between the EU and its Member States. The European Commission emphasized that "certain principles are needed to determine the distribution of powers between the European Union and its Member States". This is, first of all, necessary in order to answer the frequently asked question by the public: “Who is doing what in Europe? The issue of separation of powers within the EU was settled only after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. In particular, the uniqueness of the EU as a category with specific characteristics (sui generis) is reflected in its entitlement. In particular, the fact that member states transfer part of their sovereignty to it.
Tengiz Tevzadze, Tamar Papashvili
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
In 2015, the Constitutional Court of Georgia passed an important decision and declared unconstitutional the norms of the Electoral Code on the grounds of non-compliance with the right to equality before the law, which resulted in In terms of impact on. As a result of the amendments to the Electoral Code based on the decision of the Constitutional Court, the number of voters in the constituencies has been significantly balanced, although the changes have led to accusations that the ruling party has manipulated the electoral boundaries. Non-compliance with international standards has been cited by international organizations as a major challenge to legislative change. In particular, they focused on clear criteria for delimitation and future border revision procedures, process opacity and lack of inclusion, as well as the vague method of dividing and unifying municipalities to define constituencies. The main call of the organizations to the authorities was to review the legislation related to the delimitation of constituencies in order to ensure equality of votes, however, the negative assessments did not convince the legislator of the need for changes.
Irakli Javakhishvili
Published: 18 November 2021
Abstract:
The great powers, as I point out in my most recent book, aspire to gain power over their rivals and hope to become hegemonic slaves. When the state reaches this elevated position, it becomes a status quo force. However, more can be said about the importance of hegemony. A hegemon is a state that is so powerful that it dominates all other states in the system. No other state has the military capabilities to wage a serious war against it. In essence, hegemony is the only great power in the system. A state that is essentially stronger than other great powers in the system is not a hegemon because it opposes, by definition, other great powers. For example, in the mid-nineteenth century the United Kingdom was sometimes referred to as the hegemon. But he was not hegemonic, since at that time there were four other DD states in Europe (Austria, France, Prussia and Russia), and the United Kingdom could not significantly dominate them. In fact, at the time, France was seen by the United Kingdom as a serious threat to the balance of power. In the nineteenth century, Europe was multipolar, not unipolar.
Sophiko Metreveli
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
The Constitution is the most important document that determines the balance of values ​​in the society, within the framework of which it is possible to achieve human well-being. The Constitutional Ratio of Freedom, Equality and Order creates a government where human rights and freedoms are guaranteed. Consequently, any changes that are included in the constitution affect the lives of people and it is important to involve citizens in the process of these changes. Creating a constitution is a rather complicated process, during which a conflict of interests leads to the formation of a common state and society. On the one hand, "legislators may try to include their policy course and biased views in the deliberation process or in the text of the Constitution itself", on the other hand, the constitution needs to be given wider public legitimacy, making the process accessible not only to a narrow circle of experts. For those citizens who want to be involved in this process.
Nato Gugava
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Political parties, in their present form, have only emerged in the new age. The parties ("Whigs" and "Tories") formed in England in the XVII-XVIII centuries are mentioned in a form close to modernity. As a result of the French Revolution, groups were already emerging in many states to march against the existing establishment. Classical political parties have emerged since the 19th century in Europe and the United States. The parties did not emerge on empty ground. Each social sister-group was a bearer of a certain ideological unity and interests. The formation of political parties in Georgia began in the 1990s, and before the restoration of independence, in fact, there was a complete political spectrum - political parties with their party structures, ideology and supporters. As for the term itself - "party", it is derived from the Latin word (pars, partis) and refers to na-tsil, a group. The term is used to refer to an organized group of people seeking political power through democratic elections or revolution. The purpose of this article is to review the legislation of Georgia on political parties, the legal regulation of the party and the constitutional principles on the basis of which political parties should carry out their activities.
Guram Lursmanashvili
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Discussion of modern Orthodox theology in Georgia is less relevant, not only because there is little material in Georgian on the subject, but also because it's more difficult to understand orthodox orthodox theology as a given, because: 1. Theology is perceived As part of the teachings of the past, created centuries ago, to which nothing can be added or subtracted; 2. It is believed that modern theologians do not have the grace and knowledge that the ancient fathers had, therefore they do not believe that today's theologians can create texts of the same or greater importance as they were created in the church before, especially in the age of world ecclesiastical assemblies. . For me personally, this approach is fundamentally unjustified, as I believe that Orthodox theology and the Church still have the power and ability to create glorious works like the old ones or to develop new ones. Moreover, I think that from the twentieth century to the present, the Church has already managed to establish similar forms and I believe that in the future it will be able to do even more. In this topic I will try to talk about modern orthodox theology, which for me personally dates back to the twentieth century.
Bishop Marcus Shokhi
Published: 1 December 2019
Abstract:
Is the path of development of religious groups in Georgia going towards European integration? Is Georgia on this path? What should religious associations do for this purpose? Is this more a matter for politicians and politicians to discuss than for spiritual leaders? On the one hand, it is true that European integration is a matter of political debate and should be discussed within Georgian society. On the other hand, even if religion does not include politics in its head, it is impossible to deny political influence over religion.
Dimitry Gegenava, Bernhard Schlink
Published: 18 November 2021
Abstract:
The German experience of the Constitution and, moreover, of the nation's pre-eminent state echoes not only the experience of European states but also of Europe itself. Today, Europe, as long as it shares history and cultural heritage, has neither a nation nor a constitution. The EU is an institutional entity, with a powerful executive and a strong judiciary. It gives Europeans most of what the state gives them: freedom of movement and freedom of business without borders and customs, legal protection, and also, a common currency. Through regulations, directives and its own court decisions, it affects all aspects of European life. If one day the EU were to adopt a constitution and become a nation-state, it would grow into state-like forms that have evolved since 1957 and continue to evolve to this day. The constitutional subject will be the people, in similar forms to the United States; Like Staatsvolk.
Dimitry Gegenava
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Marriage is the central institution of family law, which includes functional, psychological, political, and often religious content. At its core, it is one of the oldest pre-state, moreover, pre-judicial social formations, which has a great deal of content and with which the state's special caution is due, as unintended interference with personal liberty and privacy can have very serious and critical consequences. Given its social status and importance, given that it is a legal institution, marriage can be seen as a combination of economic or legal "rights, benefits and obligations."
Lika Kobaladze
Published: 18 November 2021
Abstract:
The main purpose of the settlement is to settle the civil proceedings. However, it is also worth noting the optional goals that are very important: unloading court cases from a busy schedule, avoiding lengthy trials, increasing the role of the court, reducing litigation costs, resolving conflict, and restoring justice. The urgency of arguing for a settlement as a process is determined by the fact that it is an alternative means of resolving a dispute (more precisely, terminating a civil case).
Vazha Vardidze
Published: 7 March 2022
Abstract:
Your majesty, splendor and majesty, Dear Ladies and Gentlemen!
Giorgi Goradze
Published: 18 November 2021
Abstract:
One of the problematic issues in the theory of law is the gap in the legislation, which is interpreted as a case when “the issue to be legally considered and resolved is not provided for and regulated in any norm of law. The law of some countries recognizes the concept of unconstitutional legal inaction. According to the Spanish Constitutional Court, unconstitutional legal inaction exists when the constitution instructs the legislator to issue a norm (specific) of the constitution, but the legislator does not do so.
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