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Plamen Rusev
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092021/7642

Abstract:
The article examines the administrative penal liability of employees and managers of enterprises, institutions and organizations under article 24, par. 2 of Administrative Violations and Sanctions Act (AVSA). The general character of the responsibility and the relation between the institutes of the criminal and administrative law in connection with the application of art. 24, par. 2 of the law are discussed. The paper analyzes the preconditions of the responsibility under art. 24, par. 2, as well as admission and abetment as forms of responsibility of the heads of enterprises, institutions and organizations. It is concluded that the setting of additional requirements to the responsibility of the heads of organizations, as well as its direct connection with the guilty administrative violation by the respective employee, complicates the implementation of the administrative penalty and withdraws the administrative bodies from the application of article 24, par. 2 of the Administrative Violations and Sanctions Act.
Rina Rifayanti, Alma Yorinda, Zakki Abdallah Alkatiri, Muhammad Qori' Hasan
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092021/7641

Abstract:
The emergence of fear will lose among the millennial generation due to the influence of smartphones in an era that is increasingly developing with technological advances in social media. The widespread use of social media, Instagram, phubbing behaviour that appears is why someone often ignores the natural interlocutor in front of them. This study analyses the effect of using social media Instagram and phubbing behaviour on the fear of loss in Sungai Kunjang District on the millennial generation in Sungai Kunjang District. The sample of this study was 104 people using the nonprobability sampling technique with the purposive sampling method. The data collection used is a scale of fear of loss, social media, Instagram and phubbing behaviour. The four scales are arranged using a Likert model. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS 25.0 for the Windows program. This study indicates a significant effect between social media Instagram and phubbing behaviour on the fear of losing. There is a positive and significant effect of using social media Instagram on the fear of losing. There is no effect between phubbing behaviour on fear of loss.
Hadi Abdel Fattah Al-Mahasneh, Al Masoud Ashraf Thamer, Hashem Mansur Alhashem
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30092021/7640

Abstract:
Attention to education in the schools of Christian denominations and foreign missionary missions formed the basis for the modern renaissance in eastern Jordan, and Ottoman reforms in the second half of the nineteenth century AD contributed to advancing education among members of the Christian denominations who were subjects of the Ottoman Empire in eastern Jordan to be They have their own educational institutions under their supervision and management. The system of Ottoman privileges allowed foreign countries to build educational institutions and spread missionary missions throughout the Ottoman Empire, including Karak.
Andriiva S. S.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7626

Abstract:
Phonosemantics is a science with a thousand-year history, the attitude to which is ambiguous. Despite the fact that the main principle of this linguistic discipline about the motivation of the sound unit and the legitimacy of the phenomenon has been repeatedly questioned, although discussions on the universality and specificity of the phenomenon under study continue to this day. Language is the most powerful means of forming thought; social phenomenon that attest to such its main functions as informational, communicative, emotional, cognitive, epistemological, accumulative. All functions are usually implemented not in isolation, but in various combinations, because each statement in most cases is multifunctional. All functions ultimately work for communication, and that's in the sense that the communicative function is leading. Simultaneously with the acquisition of human language, it acquires knowledge about the world around, which significantly shortens and simplifies the path of cognition, protects a person from unnecessary mistakes. F. de Saussure explained the problem of the value of a linguistic sign, arguing that a linguistic sign combines a concept and an acoustic image and has two essential features: arbitrariness (unmotivated) and linearity (unfolding in time and one dimension). The sign is used to indicate an object outside it, to receive, store and transmit information. A sign acquires its meaning only in a certain system, because outside it is not a sign and means nothing. The palette of phonosemantic searches is inexhaustible, as each linguistic and literary-artistic direction in various manifestations considers the symbolism of images of phonemes, phonemes, morphemes, tokens, syntagms, texts. The scope of using linguistic units with existing phonosemantic features is different types of movement, sound, light phenomena, physiological and emotional states of both humans and animals.
Andrii Zaiets
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7625

Abstract:
The borderline nature of hypomania may be a cause of widely reported issues with accurate bipolar disorder or recurrent depression differential diagnosis. It is understandable as long as there is a subtle difference between criteria for hypomania and normal (more or less extreme) elevated mood conditions, such as peak experiences of a self-actualizing person. In such cases, there are possibilities for taking one for another that leads both to a false-positive hypomania diagnosis for healthy subjects and subjects suffering from recurrent depression rather than from bipolar disorder, and to a false-negative perception of actual hypomania as just a highly good mood, brilliant efficiency and holistic existential feelings. This paper focuses on the phenomenological study of subjective experiences of such states in groups of healthy individuals with high or moderate self-actualization levels and individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder without comorbidity. A Peak Experiences Interview has been developed to collect phenomenological data for further extraction of substantial features of subjective experiences for both groups. The study shows that the differences in phenomenology of peak experiences and hypomania state encompass various components, such as cognitive, emotional, somatic, behavioural, imaginative, existential. These findings may be used for developing diagnostic manuals and inventories as well as self-monitoring tools for patients and psychoeducational materials. The PEXI itself has shown its capacity for collecting phenomenological data and detecting relatively subtle differences in experiences of various modalities. Nevertheless, it shall undergo more trials with larger samples and cross-validation. Theoretical and practical insights from using such an approach may contribute greatly both in clinical psychology and personality studies.
Natalia Bonchuk
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7624

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the formation and improvement of competencies of teachers and psychologists of secondary schools to identify and develop mathematically gifted students. It has been identified the components of the training program of basic competencies that psychologists and subject teachers must have to recognize and develop mathematical talent. The results of an empirical study of an educational project are online training for educators to deepen their theoretical knowledge of mathematical talent and the development of practical skills of organizing the educational process for students with a high level of ability in the field of exact sciences. It was found that training in the development of competencies is an effective way to improve the skills of teachers to understand the essence of talent, the peculiarities of its detection in students, prevention of loss of potential, development of individual educational trajectories, use of new learning technologies and ways to develop personal skills.
Novikova Iryna Mykolaevna
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7599

Abstract:
The article presents the results of research on the introduction of the technological model of professionally oriented tasks in medical and biological physics in the educational process of higher medical institutions (2015 – 2020).The effectiveness of the developed technology for solving professionally oriented problems and tasks, which are based on the method of scientific knowledge, was tested by empirical (assessment of academic achievement, questionnaires, surveys, observations and more) and theoretical (induction, deduction, systems approach, modelling and more) methods of research. The effectiveness of the technological model in the educational process was confirmed by the educational research and the elements of scientific research of students. During the pedagogical experiment were detected problems and contradictions in the process of professional training of future doctors, were described criteria for assessing the academic achievements of students in the discipline of medical and biological physics, including problem solving. The observational experiment showed the insufficiency of the level of formation of natural science and professional competence of students. Control and formative stage of the experiment to assess the effectiveness of the proposed technological content-structural model of solving problems in medical and biological physics, showed the effectiveness of the impact of technology of solving problems in medical and biological physics on the level of positive motivation, level of knowledge, level of educational research and scientific research of students.During the search experiment, technology of solving the tasks, which was confirmed by updated educational and methodical support, was developed. An expert assessment of the effectiveness of the educational process, solving tasks of different levels, levels of skills, and expediency of introduction of educational and methodical support was conducted. The analysis of the results of pedagogical experiment showed the expediency of introduction of developed technology of solving the tasks and training methodical model of support in the educational process. By means of experiment was proved the effectiveness and efficiency of the model of training a specialist in the medical field, in which the leading role belongs to the technological approach to the formation of professional competencies by means of tasks in medical physics, aimed at implementing educational and research activities of students.
Maria Yarmolchyk
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7598

Abstract:
Today, the activities of military units become especially important in conditions of instability in the country. Consequently, the study of the psychological characteristics of such people becomes expedient. Modern types of combat are requirements that often exceed the capabilities and resources of the military. This, in turn, creates a need for a special type of personality - stable, socially active, with a high level of self-regulation and the ability to withstand pressure from adverse factors [9].In modern psychology, the individual way in which a person can cope with a complex, crisis situation is determined by the concept of coping behavior. The study of this concept is especially relevant for persons working in the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Coping is a strategy of behavior in complex stressful situations, which is chosen by servicemen to deal with stress. This is a kind of response of the psyche, which is an adaptive mechanism at the time of negative impact. The choice of coping strategies is determined by a number of personality traits that determine the dominant pattern of behavior of a particular serviceman during decompression.
Martyniv Olha Oleksiivna
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7597

Abstract:
The problem of zoning of Ukrainian folk dance culture and its autochthonous and influential elements, which are especially active in the border areas with other ethnic groups and peoples, namely - ethnochoreographic fronts, in areas where the most intense processes of interaction and interpenetration of multinational dance segments. In the course of the research it was revealed that frontal zones can concern not only exclusively border areas (main meso-feature), but also function in much more localized territories of even one ethnic region (micro-feature), as well as cover large geographical areas or totally spread throughout territory of the country (macro-feature). An important factor is the intensity of the spread and assimilation of non-national or non-ethnic dance cultures, which can be measured in a few cases or be mass.
Maryna Rebenko, Oksana Nikolenko, Natalia Doronina
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7595

Abstract:
The lockdown caused by the COVID-19 outbreak mainstreamed distance learning in all educational institutions worldwide and Ukraine in particular. Kyiv University’s staff faced the global challenge to teach in the crisis conditions. The university closure made it clear that remote learning demanded the implementation of totally new methodologies to cover the needs of students. An online survey resulted in approaching Zoom and Google Classroom as the most preferable and efficient in providing live learning opportunities. To reach valid data of the study, qualitative and quantitative analyses of off- and online exams were applied. The majority of respondents estimated the online exam format similar to face-to-face one and the practical value of online learning following the university shutdown as beneficial. Against this background, in post-pandemic reality, Kyiv University has applied urgent management practices to alleviate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on both students and staff. The new platform encompasses various modes and has covered all students and the teaching staff of Kyiv University from September 1 this year. The KNU Education Online digital platform as a multifunctional school network is a fruitful university decision to work out the strategy beneficial in the long run.
Maria Danchenko
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7596

Abstract:
This article explores a cultural significance of novel “La Filosofessa Italiana” written in 1753 Pietro Chiari and regarded the first Italian novel of early modern period. The objective of this research is to elucidate a formation of a new literary genre in Italian literature in XVIII century. In the following piece of research, the most outstanding European novels of XVIII century are examined in comparison with Pietro Chiari’s novel. In the following work we analyze the influence that exercised P. Marivaux, S. Richardson, F. Prévost and D. Default’s novels on the genesis of a new genre of Italian literary Rococo. In this article we investigate the details of the plot of “La Filosofessa Italiana” and explore the mental focus that was exposed by the first writer of Italian Rococo in this novel.
Ismayilova Masma Aliyulla Gizi
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7594

Abstract:
The article deals with the expression of emotionality and expressiveness in a dialogue. The lexical system of the language contains words and ready-made constructions (for example, applause) that directly affect the emotional state. Different forms of such tools are used depending on the status of the interview. Praise, pleading, threats, blackmail, applause, etc. are the means chosen and included in speech at such moments. The peculiarities of emotive and aesthetic functions, expressiveness in the dialogic speech in the modern Azerbaijani and English languages are systematized and analized on the basis of the concrete dialogues taken from the living speech and fiction. Stylistic-expressive grammatical forms in both languages are remarkable for their emotional peculiarities and don’t depend on the type of speech. The special attention is given to interjections, exclamatory sentences, polysemantic words, reiteration, paralinguistic means, intonation, verbal context that play an important role in dialogues. It is also emphasized that in the dialogic speech participators are not content only with transmission of information but also try to influence the emotions of their conversation.
Anna Shelefontiuk
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7593

Abstract:
According to the theory of Boczkowski-García-Perdomo, the specificity of the digital activity of regional television is analyzed. The trends inherent to digital regional TV journalism are first identified as global, and then they are analyzed in detail on material of the three TV channels of the city of Dnipro, Ukraine. We choose three TV channels for the analysis: “UA: DNIPRO”, “34 channel” and “Vidkrytyy”. The choice of channels stems from the fact that "UA: DNIPRO" and "34 Channel" have a long history of operation, steady TV audiences and a certain reputation in the regional media space of Dnipropetrovsk region. These channels began their activities in traditional, broadcast TV journalism, which is considered the main one for them. Digital practices are being introduced into the news production process in parallel with the main activity. The “Vidkrytyy” is a channel created less than 5 years ago from scratch as a private one. The newsroom first launched the website, then they started the online broadcasting, and only over time, the broadcast on the city's cable networks was launched. Thus, digital journalism has been and remains an important component of the channel's television activities. The conclusions confirm the fact that the chosen theory cannot be used without taking into account the specifics of the media sector.
Aliona Afanas
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7570

Abstract:
В статье рассматривается вопрос о сферах компетенции учителей, выявленных в ходе констатирующего педагогического эксперимента. Научный анализ концепта компетенция сделан для разработки основ компетенций, направленных на профессиональное развитие, основан на данных констатирующего педагогического эксперимента. Также экспериментальные данные способствовали выявлению областей компетенций учителей на уровне образовательной системы и процесса. В констатирующем эксперименте участвовало 888 человек, разделенных на две выборки: обучающихся и контрольную. В статье представлены результаты, полученные по каждой области компетенций по двум выборкам: обучающихся и контрольной. Оценка областей компетенций проводилась на основе критериев оценки, установленных для компетенций: менеджерская, реляционная, компетенция проектирования и планирования, специализированные когнитивные компетенции, компетенции преподавания-обучения, оценка и мониторинг. В эксперименте использовались несколько методов исследования: теоретический, эмпирический и интерпретативный. Выявление областей компетенций было произведено путем применения анкеты, адресованной учителям во время курсов повышения квалификации.
Lapinska T.V.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7568

Abstract:
Стаття присвячена аналізу психоемоційного стану середнього медичного персоналу за рівнем прояву депресивної та тривожної симптоматики, визначенню факторів, які мають найбільший вплив на психоемоційний стан медичних працівників і являються однією з причин формування та розвитку професійного (емоційного) вигорання СМП, які працюють в умовах підвищеної професійної стресогенності (АТО/ООС). Тривале зіткнення СМП з психологічними особливостями не тільки з ветеранами АТО/ООС, а й в спілкуванні між собою призводить до психоемоційного перенавантаження в умовах професійних, лікувальних взаємовідносин та інших взаємодій (спілкування, виконання поставленої задачі, надання допомоги) і створює фундамент для виникнення професійного (емоційного) вигорання. Діяльність медичних працівників пов’язана з порятунком людей, особливим, індивідуальним підходом до кожного, вимагає наявності таких психологічних якостей, як емоційна стійкість, професійна адаптація, взаємоповага та розуміння. Ефективність подолання кризових або стресових періодів залежить від індивідуальних рис особистості серед яких важливу роль відіграють стать, інтелект, темперамент особистості. Одними із, не менш важливих факторів зміни психоемоційного стану СМП є вік і стаж роботи в медичній сфері та професійне становлення фахівця в цій галузі. Здійснений Е. Ф. Зеєром [1] аналіз дає можливість виділити чотири основні особистісні складові професійного становлення фахівця: 1. Спрямованість особистості, яка характеризується системою домінуючих потреб, мотивів, відносин, ціннісних орієнтацій та установок. Компонентами професійної спрямованості є: • мотиви (наміри, інтереси, схильності, ідеали); • ціннісні орієнтації (зміст праці, заробітна плата, добробут, кваліфікація, кар'єра, соціальний стан тощо); • професійна позиція (ставлення до професії, установки, очікування і готовність до професійного розвитку); • соціально-професійний статус. На різних стадіях становлення ці компоненти мають різний психологічний зміст, зумовлений характером провідної діяльності і рівнем професійного розвитку особистості. 2. Професійна компетентність – сукупність професійних знань, умінь, а також способів виконання професійної діяльності. Її основні компоненти: • соціально-правова компетентність (знання й уміння в галузі взаємодії із суспільними інститутами і людьми, а також володіння прийомами професійного спілкування і поведінки); • спеціальна компетентність (підготовленість до самостійного виконання конкретних видів діяльності, уміння вирішувати типові професійні задачі й оцінювати результати своєї праці, здатність самостійно здобувати нові знання й уміння за фахом); • персональна компетентність (здатність до постійного професійного росту і підвищення кваліфікації, а також реалізації себе в професійній праці); • аутокомпетентність (адекватне уявлення про свої соціально-професійні характеристики і володіння технологіями подолання професійних деструкцій); • екстремальна професійна компетентність (здатність діяти в умовах, що раптово ускладнилися, при аваріях, порушеннях технологічних процесів). 3. Професійно важливі якості – це психологічні якості особистості, що визначають продуктивність (продуктивність, якість, результативність і ін.) діяльності. Вони...
Anastasiіa Kabantseva
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7569

Abstract:
Сучасні умови турбулентного часу, що характеризуються соціальною, економічною, політичною кризами і інформаційно-психологічним тиском ставлять під удар дитячу психіку, її психоемоційну сферу, мислення й мовлення. Мета роботи: на основі результатів дослідження психоемоційного стану дітей, які проживають в соціально-напружених умовах, встановити актуальні проблеми їх розвитку і гіпотетично визначити значимість психолінгвістики в розробці технології надання комплексної допомоги останнім. Основні результати: У 61,2% дітей виявлені страхи різного характеру; наявність відчуття самотності – 57,4%, тривожності – 53,2%, прояви агресивності – 36,7%. Діти зі страхом війни (51,5%) відмічають, що війна – це страшно; війна – це коли вбивають людей, коли плачуть дорослі і діти, коли відбуваються постріли, руйнуються будинки, дитячі садки, школи. Обговорення: Впровадження психолінгвістичних досліджень в медико-психологічну допомогу забезпечить ідентифікацію психоемоційного стану дитини за особливостями її голосу, оцінку семантичних конструкцій, що сприятиме більш точній диференціації психологічного і фізичного стану, плануванню тактики надання допомоги дозволить оцінювати ефективність розроблених корекційних заходів і хід самого лікування. Висновки: соціально-напружена обстановка розвиває тривожне передчуття, постійне очікування чогось поганого як у дітей, так і у дорослих. Психолінгвістичний аспект комплексної медико-психологічної допомоги представляється в розробці комплексу технік і операційних принципів (концептуальних підходів), які стануть основою моделювання ефективних стратегій мислення і поведінки людини в умовах турбулентного часу.
Zakopets Mykhailo Lvovych
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7558

Abstract:
Посилена активізація міжкультурних та міжнаціональних взаємодій спричинила інтеграцію української музичної освіти в європейський простір. Оскільки Україна активно співпрацює з європейськими країнами в освітній галузі, то цілком закономірно, що в вітчизняних закладах вищої освіти почали змінюватися акценти і погляди на підготовку фахівців, зокрема і виконавців-духовиків, котрі виконують роль виконавців-інструменталістів, диригентів, педагогів, організаторів.У статті висвітлено основні погляди науковців-педагогів на специфіку і багатогранність поняття «фахова компетентність», проаналізовано суть і значення компетентнісного підходу та способи його реалізації в системі вищої освіти України.Окрім того, у дослідженні визначено та науково обґрунтовано особливості формування фахової компетентності виконавця-духовика під час навчання у закладах вищої освіти, а також виокремлено такі музичні компетенції у структурі фахової підготовки: теоретико-методична; інструментально-виконавська; креативно-відтворювальна; соціально-активна; особистісно-психологічна.
Pavlichenko L. M., Gulnur Baibosunova, Aina Rysmagambetova
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7559

Abstract:
The scientific works on agroclimatic zoning and assessments of the bioclimatic potential of the territory are widely represented in agroclimatology. Almost all of them are based on semi-empirical equations and formulas of various indices for calculating agroclimatic parameters. The work’s purpose is an attempt to construct a comprehensive assessment of agroclimatic resources based on a theoretical mathematical model of the objective function and a scheme for its differentiation across the territory of Kazakhstan. The most frequently considered spring wheat in works on agroclimatology was chosen as the object of the study. The initial factual material is maps from the National Atlas of the Republic of Kazakhstan. To convert the cartographic information into quantitative, the method of constructing grid models of the selected maps was used with the subsequent determination of the quantitative initial values of the parameters in the centers of the blocks. The paper describes in detail the methodology for constructing rating scales for converting the values of parameters with different units of measurement into comparable scores, which were used to calculate the values of the partial and integral objective functions. The visualization of the results of calculating the integral objective function for the territory of Kazakhstan confirmed the correctness of the distribution over the territory of the previously identified zones of favorableness’s different levels for the spring wheat cultivation, and therefore the possibility of using the objective function model for a comprehensive assessment of the territory agroclimatic potential.
Nino Labartkava, Tamar Saginadze
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7557

Abstract:
In 2015, a school readiness program was created for children who will turn 5 before the start of the school year and will start studying at the first grade of school in September. The components of the school readiness program are: «School Readiness Educational Standard», a teacher’s guideline, a collection of activities describing specific activities and provided relevant supplements.The goals of the study are: Study of the course of school readiness program on the example of Tbilisi kindergartens; Based on the situation, developing methodology for effective implementation of school readiness program. The project was implemented in Tbilisi. The selection of experimental and controlled preschool institutions was based on the existence of similar infrastructure (newly built building, existence of a yard) and three or four large size school readiness groups in kindergartenAs a result of the works carried out, experimental preschool institutions have improved in the following directions: Educators conduct dialogue and ask children questions individually and in small groups; Children have the opportunity to engage in different types of activities and games (games with rules, role playing games, movable games, creative activities); Children can independently take and use learning and gaming resources; The group uses handmade and secondary resources; Group space is organized into thematic centers; The natural materials are used in the group; Children can independently take toys and resources; Educators have planned and prepared a wide variety of activities (activity, games with rules, role playing games, project) related to the topic; Educator observes children in order to evaluate them.
Sinitska N. V.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7556

Abstract:
Reforming higher pedagogical education in Ukraine involves finding ways and means of rational combination of theoretical psychological and pedagogical knowledge with the ability to apply them in practice, as well as optimizing forms and methods of teaching, improving curricula, programs and developing innovative pedagogical technologies. Today is marked by the implementation of the program of structural reform of higher education in close cooperation with other educational units, which ensures the preservation of past and national traditions, bringing the higher education system, and pedagogical in particular, in line with world scientific achievements and available budget opportunities. The formation of selected structural components of theoretical and practical readiness of teachers for differentiated learning of students in mathematics should be carried out in all types of educational activities and specially organized extracurricular activities of students to work with students, taking into account didactic and resource opportunities of information educational environment. The main means of forming readiness for differentiated learning in educational and cognitive activities in this area are specially designed tasks for the formation of selected structural components of readiness.
KaMala Yusifova
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7555

Abstract:
Outstanding heroic epics created by the Azerbaijani people (Kitabi-Dede Gorgud, Koroglu, Gara Malik, Gachag Nabi, Gachag Kerem, Gara Tanryverdi, Samed bey, Gandal Nagi, etc.), being the totality of education, morality, spirituality, are of particular value. The representations that have been formed over millennia, national-spiritual values with all aspects were reflected in the dastans, making up the main line. The interest shown since the beginning of the nineteenth century led to the analysis of these epics at various levels. The interest of representatives of the Azerbaijani, Turkish, European, Russian intelligentsia in the heroic epics was also caused by the content of the ethnocultural system. Description of colorful elements in episodes, events, motives of dastans, starting with the formation of personality and ending with patriotic education, directly reveals the essence of the existing educational system and requires extensive research. From the point of view of clarifying the historical and cultural current and its functional essence, the rules of society in the field of education, such models created by the European peoples of the majestic epics as "Beowulf", "Saga of Cuchulainn", "Song of Side", "Tristan and Isolde", "The Great Saga", "Little Saga". Azerbaijani heroic dastans were also studied by prominent representatives of the European scientific and cultural environment of the 19th century, such as F. Dietz, T. Nyoldeke, J. Sand, V.V. Bartold, I. Chopin, A. Khodzko, who singled out education, national, spiritual, moral values of the Azerbaijani people.
Taras Pastushok
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7554

Abstract:
У даній статі аналізується роль комунікативної культури у вихованні творчих взаємин між диригентом і учасниками оркестрового колективу. Окрім цього, було визначено структурні етапи взаємного комунікативного спілкування. У дослідженні зазначено, що спілкування та творча взаємодія між керівником оркестрового колективу та його учасниками відбувається у формі творчого діалогу, оскільки диригент з оркестрантами веде спілкування за допомогою диригентського жесту та міміки. Разом з тим попереднє трактування художнього матеріалу (зауваження, вказівки, прохання, пояснення технічного матеріалу та засобів виразності (динаміка, штрихи, точність виконання ритмічних елементів твору тощо)) відбувається завдяки комунікативній взаємодії мовленнєвого спілкування. Основним засобом комунікації диригента та оркестрантів є творчий процес. У цьому зв’язку на заключному етапі діалогізації диригента та учасників оркестру комунікативні здібності диригента виконують особливу роль для досягнення максимально якісного результату творчої взаємодії та співпраці.
N. V. Solovey, S. D. Isaieva
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7553

Abstract:
Semantic perspective of the sentences with passive predication, expressed by the verb in passive voice or using verbal adjectives with passive meaning is analysed in the article. Such types of predication are considered as categorial and non-categorial means of Passive Perspective expression respectively (grammatical and non-grammatical). The general characteristics of the sentences presented by the categorial passive or by non-categorial means are: absence of Agence in grammatical subject position, centripetal direction of the process, expressed by the predicate words and affection of grammatical subject. All these testify the identical character of the expressed relations (by them). Perspective (the direction of the action in the sentence) is defined by subject-object and has the identical nature in both variants.
Olena Lozova, Olga Bilan, Larysa Novykova, Kateryna Marchenko-Tolsta
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7534

Abstract:
The article examines the factors that affect the success of university remote teachers in a pandemic environment, the importance of maintaining the work motivation of teachers to ensure high performance e-learning, and the need for joint efforts by teachers and university administration to prevent professional burnout and maintain a sense of belonging to the team.
Olha Cherepiekhina
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30062021/7533

Abstract:
The article reveals the essence and content of the author's model of developing pedagogical competence of a future psychology teacher. The block model of formation of pedagogical competence of a psychology teacher, which consists of conceptual-value, value-motivational, content-processual and result-criterial blocks, is presented.
Smagulov E. Zh., Mendigaliyeva G. Kh., Smagulov B. E.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7494

Abstract:
The article discusses the main directions of the development of the educational environment and the role of mathematical modeling of production problems in a specialized school. The key issue of the modernization of education is described - this is improving its quality, bringing it in line with international standards. The emphasis is not on the knowledge gained, but rather on the process of applying this knowledge. The definition of the concept of pedagogical technology is given - this is information technology, since the basis of the technological process of training is the receipt and transformation of information.
Denisiievska Anna
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7493

Abstract:
The article describes some psychological factors of sleep quality. Theoretical analysis of psychological factors that affect the quality of sleep is presented. Sleep quality is an important part of a person's overall health. Sleep problems can be associated with decreased physical and mental health, limitations in daily activities, cognitive impairment. Given these consequences, there is a need for a better understanding of the factors associated with the improvement and deterioration of sleep quality. The relevance of this problem in the context of modern research. The results of an empirical study that reveals the relationship between sleep quality and some psychological factors are highlighted. It was found that the average score of sleep quality indicates unsatisfactory sleep quality. It was found that there are significant differences between the groups of subjects with satisfactory and unsatisfactory indicators of the overall score of sleep quality on the scales of neuroticism and depression. In people who are dissatisfied with the quality of sleep, the level of neuroticism is close to high and there is moderate depression. The relationships between sleep quality indicators and psychological factors have been identified, and their features have been analyzed. In general, these relationships demonstrate: emotional inadequacy does not contribute to a better subjective quality of sleep; depressive or anxious symptoms, emotional instability do not contribute to rapid falling asleep, but contribute to sleep disorders and daytime dysfunction; anxious characteristics affect the reduction of sleep time.
Michael D. Murphy
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7492

Abstract:
Мета статті – дослідити «українське» візуальне тіло в дискурсі пострадянського та постколоніального лібертінажу. Новизна визначається як самою постановкою проблеми (український лібертінаж), так і виявленням крос-культурних характеристик українського та західного візуального тіла. Аналізуються підходи українських художників пострадянської доби презентувати «українське» тіло як протилежність та антиномічність щодо радянського тіла. Принцип «свобідного» тіла реалізується за допомогою стратегій пострадянського та постколоніального лібертінажу. Дний процес досліджується на прикладі творчості художників Іллі Кабакова, Бориса Михйлова, Віктора Сидоренка, Арсена Савадова, Олега Кулика. Дані художники працювали з «радянським» тілом, створюючи багаторівневі канали для його інтерпретацій: «тіло-жертва», «тло-травма», «тіло-бунт», «тіло-симулякр», «тіло-гротеск», «чуттєве тіло». Доводиться, що стратегія візуального постколоніального лібертінажу полягала у демістифікації та дегероїзації «радянського» тіла. Визначаються емотивні характеристики візуалізації тіла: робиться висновок, що зображення тіла, оголеного тіла – це спосіб виразити незаангажовані «тваринні» емоції, які дозволяють «вивільнити» «тіло-травму». Підкреслюється, що «українське» тіло, оголене тіло у постколоніальному та пострадянському лібертінажі стає символом «іншості», свободи, творчої незаангажованості, експерименту.
M. Avakyan
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7491

Abstract:
The paper examines such notions as speech characteristics of journalistic texts, journalist’s speech culture, and its compliance with the language structure of the current language norms. Today a general tendency of deterioration of speech culture in the public may be observed. Such a situation may be explained by “freedom of speech” which today is perceived literally rather than figuratively. However, the language of mass media is a key factor to the formation of not only speech but also mental culture.
Olha Cherepiekhina
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7490

Abstract:
The article reveals the principles of building a model of formation of pedagogical competence in future teachers of psychology in graduate school. In particular, the conceptual block of the model of development of pedagogical competence of future teachers of psychology in the conditions of master's degree defines ideology of the specified development and contains such pedagogical principles: system, continuity, professional orientation, innovation, democratization, electiveness, creativity, professional mobility, problems; unity of scientific, educational and professional activity; informatization; independence, reflectivity.
Kateryna Kapushchak, Nina Hnes,
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7489

Abstract:
The article identifies the problems faced by the Ukrainian architectural education and formulates the ways to overcome it. To formulate them, a survey was conducted among students studying abroad through the prism of comparing methodological approaches to the organization of the educational process and its content. The basic ones are those related to the practical component, technological equipment, the organization of the educational process and the relevance of the knowledge gained.
Yana Raievska
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7487

Abstract:
The article considers aspects of professional development of social sphere specialists; professional roles, functions and content of professional activity are described; the leading principles of organizational and methodological assistance of the social specialists training process are determined. The development of interprofessional interaction ideas is connected with the interprofessional group characteristics, professional and external image, competency areas, activity range and different status in the social work system. The concept of dialogic-competence approach forms the basic principles of interprofessional interaction: system, comprehensiveness, relevance, consistency, mutual enrichment, prospects, and self-efficacy. Interprofessional interaction involves mutual acceptance, dialogic orientation of specialists, psychological equality between all participants, the availability and sufficiency of space to build a workflow, compliance with the rules, ensuring a friendly atmosphere in joint activities. Development of readiness for interprofessional interaction includes communicative (efficiency of interpersonal and intrapersonal communications), cooperative (productive partnership in joint activity), personal-reflexive (analysis of own mental states, own actions; ability to allocate, analyze and compare own actions with the subject situation), social, team, system, mediation competences. Mechanisms for interprofessional interaction are cooperation, communication, coordination, specialists’ consistency actions, emotional, cognitive-analytical, regulatory functions of the individual. The development of psychological readiness components for interprofessional interaction among respondents is expressed at the average level with a general tendency among Master students with motivational and emotional component and among specialists with activity-practical component to a high-level indicators and a general tendency among Bachelor students with cognitive-semantic, actively practical and regulatory components to a low-level indicators.
Karine Khojayan
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7486

Abstract:
The article analyses possible scenarios of global world order followed by the outbreak of COVID-19. It assesses to what extend the pandemic will impact the process of transformation of the system of international relations and discusses possible scenario of the global politics for post-COVID period. The article suggests that the expected outcome of the pandemic will be bi-polar world order, which will much differ from the system of the International Relations of Cold War period. The impact of COVID-19 on ongoing processes will be tangible. In the meanwhile, bearing in mind emerging neorealistic tendencies, enhancing role of states as pivotal actors of international system and current level of global inter-dependence, the international relations cannot return to the epoch where political realism had dominant position in global affairs. The article concludes that the pandemic will not drastically change the international order, but it will decently accelerate international processes, started years ago.
Rapatska I. B.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7485

Abstract:
У статті представлена теоретично обґрунтована та практично перевірена методика підвищення рівня добової рухової активності молодших підлітків 10-11 років у клубах за місцем проживання. В основу методики покладено ігровий метод з елементами інтеграції когнітивної та рухової складових щодо здоров’язбереження. Також проаналізовано вплив методики на рівень рухової підготовленості респондентів, функціональний стан серцево-судинної та дихальної систем і на рівень здоров’язбережувальної компетентності.Після впровадження інтегрованої методології в роботу клубів за місцем проживання рівень добової рухової активності дітей статистично значимий і має позитивну динаміку росту (р ≤ 0,001) від дуже низького до достатнього. Показники рівня рухових якостей респондентів були статистично значущі (p ≤ 0,001) і мали значну динаміку. Серцево-судинна система також мала статистично значущі покращення як у хлопчиків, так і у дівчат.Рівень знань дітей у галузі здоров'язбереження в контексті цього дослідження суттєво зріс із високою статистичною надійністю (p ≤ 0,001).Інтегровані рухливі ігри, засновані на принципах інтегративного фізичного виховання, індивідуалізують фізичне навантаження для кожної дитини, що впливає на позитивну динаміку збільшення щоденної рухової активності дітей, зростання рухової підготовленості та функціонального стану ССС та дихальної системи. Інтеграція когнітивного та рухового компонентів цієї методології також позитивно впливає на підвищення рівня здоров’язбережувальної компетентності молодих підлітків 10-11 років.
Khuandag Bazhay, Akhmet Bergengul
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7488

Abstract:
The article reveals Kazakhstan's model of implementation of the ideas of national sovereignty in the context of interethnic harmony, internal national unity and modernization of society in the Constitution. Comparative legal analysis of scientific conclusions related to the principles of the idea of popular sovereignty is carried out. The importance of strengthening state power and social harmony in the creation of a state governed by the rule of law is emphasized, logical conclusions and thoughts are summed up.
Andriy Rybka
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7484

Abstract:
Today, domestic scientists are carefully studying the process of development of the newly created united territorial communities, analyzing their main problems and challenges. However, it would be appropriate to combine such analysis with best international practices, which should help to increase the efficiency of the decentralization process in Ukraine and increase its effectiveness by taking into account both the advantages and disadvantages of international experience of community development in the frameworks of decentralization. Thus, the main tasks of the article are: to study the process of development of territorial communities of the European Union, to identify long-term areas for implementing the best international practice in Ukraine and to develop recommendations for human capital development at the local community level in the frameworks of decentralization. Although the active process of decentralization began in Ukraine in 2014, our country is still in the process of reforming local self-government and decentralization of powers, which makes it especially important and relevant to study the experience of other countries. The issue of decentralization remains a key issue for the further formation of Ukraine's strategic development, however, the adoption of international models requires taking into account the specifics of the development of the state by itself. Since the current system of territorial community’s operation in Ukraine is not perfect and still at the initial stage of its development, studying the experience of foreign countries will allow us to draw some conclusions about the prospects for further local communities development in Ukraine and to identify key areas of effective operation of territorial communities in Ukraine.
Oleksandr Telcharov
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7483

Abstract:
Термін Імпліцитна теорія свідомості (ІТС), позначає пізнавальну здатність розуміти як свої власні, так і чужі наміри, емоції, почуття, переконання тощо. Цю психологічну здатність на сьогоднішній день досліджено більшою мірою у контексті типового розвитку, тобто в умовах нормального онтогенезу, а також на прикладі тварин, дітей з нетиповим розвитком, дорослих з певними психічними розладами. Існують також дослідження, які стосуються специфіки ІТС у осіб, залежних від алкоголю. Метою статті є встановлення зв’язків між ІТС та особистісними властивостями в умовах норми та залежності від психоактивних речовин (ПАР). Дослідження проводилося на 98 особах. З них 42 – особи, залежні від ПАР та початковому етапі одужання, 15 осіб – залежні від ПАР на більш пізньому етапі одужання та 41 особа – група умовної норми. Використано непараметричні методи: тест Колмогорова-Смірнова, коефіцієнт рангової кореляції r-Спірмена. На основі отриманих даних при порівнянні осіб, залежних від ПАР, та осіб, що належать до групи умовної норми, ми встановили ряд зв’язків між ІТС та іншими психологічними факторами. Встановлено, що залежність від ПАР негативно відображається на ІТС. ІТС найбільше пов'язаний з п’ятим фактором Особистісного опитувальника 5PFQ «Експресивність-Практичність». Другим зовнішнім корелятом ІТС, що більшою мірою виражений на ранньому етапі одужання при залежності від ПАР, можна вважати другий фактор Особистісного опитувальника 5PFQ «Прив’язаність-Відособленість». Висунуто припущення, що шкала ІТСС має найбільш виражені біологічні кореляти та найсильніше вираження у особистісних характеристиках. Фактор віку пов'язаний зі шкалами ІТС лінійно.
Kryzyna N. P., Sukhanova Y. A.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7482

Abstract:
The need for effective reform of the health care system and departmental medicine is due to Ukraine’s integration into the community of European states and its accession to NATO’s International Alliance. This is possible through the development and implementation of effective management mechanisms. The study highlights the causes, features of the formation and functioning of departmental medicine in Ukraine, identifies mechanisms and problems of public administration in this area, their causes and possible solutions using methods of abstraction, systems analysis and structural modeling. The civil and military sectors of departmental medicine are defined and the scheme of subordination of divisions is described, achievements of reform of departmental medicine in the context of reforming of the Ukrainian health care system are investigated. Based on the analysis of the contradictions of research on this problem in the articles of foreign and domestic scientists in various fields and comparative analysis of the existing legal framework identified trends in reforming military and civilian departmental medicine in Ukraine and achieving their reform in other countries. Ways to improve the mechanisms of public administration, structural models of organization and prospects for further development of this medical field are proposed.
Ketevan Kokrashvili, Lasha Gorgadze
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7459

Abstract:
The issue of excluding a partner (removing a partner) from the company is one of the most important, very sensitive and controversial issues in corporate law. The legislation of different countries regulates this issue in different ways, but it is important that most countries, together with the decision of the General Meeting of Partners, to exclude a partner, require a relevant court decision that has entered into legal force. On the basis of a comparative analysis, the presented article discusses the possible reasons for the exclusion of a partner and the issues of legal regulation of the exclusion procedure. The fiduciary duties of a partner are analyzed as one of the important reasons for the exclusion of a partner from the company. Special attention is paid to legislative gaps and to the heterogeneity of the case law of Georgia in connection with the exclusion of a partner from the company. However, the article discusses the shortcomings of the new draft law of Georgia on Entrepreneurs, it is worth mentioning that the draft law was developed on the basis of the Association Agreement between Georgia and the European Union. Under this agreement, Georgia undertook an obligation to integrate Georgian corporate law into EU corporate law, in addition, in our opinion, the positions presented in the article will significantly develop and improve such an important institution of corporate law as the exclusion of a partner from the company.
Petresku Ya. V.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7458

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the consideration of the Protestant chorale, the preconditions of its origin and the first examples. The situation from the history of the early Lutheran church is described, when Martin Luther introduced communal choral singing. The main task set in the work is to analyze the main methods of processing Protestant chorales in the works of prominent Western European and domestic composers. Several vocal, instrumental and vocal-instrumental genres are considered, which are based on choral. It is noted that the most common means of processing the chorale is its harmonization, designed for both choral and organ performance. In the Renaissance and Baroque, the practice of creating figures on the choral became quite common, as well as the use of the choral as the theme of the fugue – fugue choral. Another way of elaborating the chorale was the technique of cantus firmus, while the theme of the chorale was located in the lower voice or in the tenor in rhythmic expanse, forming the basis of the whole composition. One of the leading genres of organ music – choral preludes – is considered, special attention is paid to the works of JS Bach. The principle of construction of choral fantasies is analyzed separately. Among other genres, parties, toccatas, masses, oratorios, and other works were created on the basis of chorales. In conclusion, there is a modern tendency to return to the practice of using chant in the liturgy in its original form, as they sounded earlier.
Li Yan Lun
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7457

Abstract:
The problem of synthesis of artistic and aesthetic directions of the XX century is considered in the violin music of the Chinese composer Ma Sitsong, whose creative path is outlined in the European, Chinese and American periods. Ma Sitsong was the first Chinese musician to study at the Paris Conservatory and adapt the modernist tendencies of Europe (Impressionism by C. Debussy; I. Stravinsky's search for the "Holy Spring", B. Bartok's neo-folklore). The principles of the latter resonated with Ma's intense reliance on the national Chinese firstborn. After returning to China, he admired the work of S. Prokofiev. Violin music (the first Chinese Concerto, Xinyan Rhapsody for Violin and Orchestra, Suiyuan Suite, Rondo №№1-2) showed a bright national beginning combined with neo-romantic tone and impressionistic sound recording. The mystical-religious figurative conceptosphere of the Tibet Suite is full of symbolic features. After emigrating to the United States, the composer turned to the native music of Taiwanese aborigines (Amei and Gaoshan Suites). Reproducing archaic images, Ma tends to Fauvism, primitive naivety and minimalism, continuing the line of I. Stravinsky, corresponding with the search for his contemporaries: O. Messian, J. Cram, J. Cage, T. Takemitsu, M. Skoryk. In works of the American period (Concerto for 2 violins, Rondo №№3-4, Sonata №3, Sonata for 2 violins solo) neoclassical, expressionist, urban features, elements of Westernization, jazz are felt. Ma Sitsong, as one of the founders of the national violin school, organically combines the diversity of world trends with a lasting reliance on Chinese folk music.
Krupelnytska Liudmyla Frantsivna, Burovska Iryna Oleksandrivna
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7456

Abstract:
The article shows the approbation results of the program optimization of the motivational-semantic sphere for patients with diabetes mellitus. The main content of the program and the results of the research are presented using the test "Meaning and life orientations" by D. Leontiev, the method "Diagnosis of the motivational structure of personality" by V. Milman and "The color test of attitudes" by A. Etkind. The study involved 79 people, mean age - 55.86, σ - 16.72. There is an increase in indicators of motives for communication and community usefulness that provide compensation for socio-psychological problems caused by the disease; goals in life, process and locus of control-I. These changes can be considered as markers of optimization of the motivational and semantic sphere of these persons. In the comparison group, the changes differ significantly from the changes in the main group: the indicators of the motive for communication, goals in life and the locus of control-I have increased. But there is a paradoxical combination of the locus of control-I growth with a simultaneous significant decrease in the locus of control-life. It can be explained, on the one hand, by improving physical condition and, accordingly, expanding the perspective of Future of these people, on the other hand, strengthening the belief that their somatic well-being depends on other people and circumstances, not on themselves. Disease’s emotional assessment intensity, under the psychocorrection program influence, decreased in the main group, while, on the contrary, there was simultaneous increasement in the comparison group. Emotional evaluation of the Present for respondents from the main group increased after the program; on the contrary, for those in the comparison group, this indicator decreased. The value of the Future in both groups increased for the first week of stay in the treatment center, but growth was more intense for the main group.
Cherniak S. G.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7454

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the content of educational and pedagogical forecasting in Ukraine in the period 1917 – 1920. The author concludes that the content of educational and pedagogical forecasting in Ukraine in the period 1917-1920 is manifested in the development of its national paradigm, the search for variable systems and models, technologies and methods of training teachers. The problem of educational and pedagogical forecasting within certain limits is a component and objectively existing, independent, defining direction, which allows to study the holistic process of development of preschool, secondary and higher education in Ukraine, its features, color; identify the leading trends, ideas, creative experience of training, which determines the positive transformation of the values of Ukrainian society; to outline ways to update educational and pedagogical forecasting in modern socio-political and economic conditions and to update the accumulated material from the past in the realities of pedagogical theory and practice of today.
Edisher Japharidze, Vazha Shubitidze
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7455

Abstract:
The European integration processes is not losing its topicality to this day. It still remains as the important political challenge of the 21st century in the geopolitical area of the modern world. In these processes Georgia is actively participating today too, as it is known an agreement of the association between Georgia and the European Union was signed in summer 2014. This fact was a landmark of the greatest historical importance for Georgian people. It means returning of the Georgian people to its initial homeland-Europe, which always struggled and strived for it. It must be noted that we are not entering the Europe with empty hands but are widely credited with the propaganda of European qualities and bringing them to Georgia. It is still not widely known to the general public that at the starting point of uniting the European Union (European Confederation) were standing famous Georgian scientists and public figures. M. Muskhelishvili and A. Nikuradze. While Robert Schuman and Jean Monnet talked about the idea of uniting Europe, M. Muskhelishvili and A. Nikuradze were publishing articles on the same subject in the leading newspapers and magazines and actively participated in the processes of creating the European Union.
Nino Kemertelidze, Meri Giorgadze
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7453

Abstract:
The presented article aims to study colour idioms; to be more precise, idioms one element of which is a colour designating word. During the research, we were interested in identifying whether the symbolic loading of certain colours has an impact on the meaning of an idiom. The conducted research revealed that colour symbolism greatly influences the meaning of colour idioms in the English language. More specifically, it conditions the implication of the whole idiomatic phrase. While conducting the research, we studied about 200 colour idioms in the English language and tried to find out their Georgian equivalents. It appeared that 94 idioms did not have the corresponding Georgian versions on the etic level. Consequently, 106 ones had the corresponding Georgian translations, out of which 30 phrases were transferred into the Georgian language as idiomatic expressions and colour was maintained only in 17 of them. Besides, it is noteworthy that one and the same colour can have different symbolic loadings what is vividly seen in the presented work.
Svitlana Rubtsova
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7452

Abstract:
The article deals with the applying of active methods in reading and the formation of linguistic competence for teaching English for specific purposes (ESP) to future bachelors in the field of Civil Engineering.Purpose of the research is to describe linguistic competence as an important component of the process of teaching active methods in reading to future engineers, to define some active methods in reading that can be implemented in the teaching of ESP in the process of training future civil engineers.Methods. Reviewing the studies on linguistic competence in reading in the process of teaching ESP and methods of active reading.Results. Prospects for teaching methods of active reading (KWL and SQ3R) to future engineers in the ESP teaching process are described. The definition of lexical competence and its components in the process of teaching methods of active reading is given. The difficulties of teaching active reading in ESP for students of technical specialties are determined.Conclusion. Taking into account that creativity and active participation are important factors in motivating students to learn ESP, we consider it appropriate to use methods of active reading (KWL and SQ3R) in combination with other intensive methods and technologies to train future engineers. We believe that exercises and tasks with different forms and models of authentic visualization of educational information (AVEI) for learning English vocabulary in professionally oriented reading are effective. AVEI, taken from professional articles and other authentic materials in the field of civil engineering, can contribute to the formation of lexical competence of students.
Dmytro Dzvinchuk, , , Victor Petrenko
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7451

Abstract:
The article explores the information potential of the Leadership Diamond model and substantiates the conditions of its detection and use in public administration. The expediency of supplementing traditional assessment of leadership interpretation of the vision, ethics, reality, and courage scores under the Leadership Diamond model with additional (secondary) scores through deepening their common interpretation is justified. A new interpretation allows assessing the overall level of leadership of an individual (the level of approximation to the norm of Great Leader) and four derivative additional characteristics (levels of fairness and reliability, moderation and selflessness, courage and piety, wisdom and ability). The proposed method of interpretation provides with an opportunity and information for analytical research and comparison of individual and group scores, identification of personal and group minimum (weaknesses) and maximum (strengths), allows making decisions on substantiated selection, the formation of individual and group development trajectories, improvement and correction of leadership skills of public servants. Therefore, the perspective of further research is the use of this method to develop the level of wisdom and ability of public servants through design thinking methodology.
Mamadaliev Ahmadali, Karimova Nodirakhon Abdurashidovna
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7410

Abstract:
In this article, verbal lexemes are classified according to the nomination of the activity of nouns. Consequently, they are called upon to denote what is the “characteristic activity” of nouns of specific semantic classes, semantic thematic series and individual lexemes, as well as to the principle of generalization of different semantic classes, a group of thematic series, which is proved on specific verb examples and it is necessary to conclude that verbs can be divided into verbs of narrow and wide nominations, Depending on the semantic structure of verbs, their direct and figurative meanings differ, Often the potential seme of a verb is a concretizer and indicates the semantic class, groups and thematic series of nouns, and thus the verb actualizes its meaning in speech.The starting point of this work is the fact that "there are no objects without properties and relations and properties and relations without objects", therefore, verbs as well as nouns can be subjected to such classifications as nouns, where nouns of being, abstractness, concreteness, animate, inanimate are distinguished, anthroponymy, faunonymy, as well as certain semantic groups, thematic series and at the level of individual lexemes, as indicated by specific examples.Thus, we have to conclude that the verb is designed in the language to designate the characteristic activity of certain nouns, combining with it in speech its actual meaning is revealed and thereby determines its relevance to a particular semantic class, semantic groups or thematic series, and thus the verbs of a narrow and a wide nomination from a wide nomination. Depending on the semantic structure of the verbs, their direct and figurative meanings differ. Often a potential seme of a verb is a concretizer and indicates the semantic class, groups and thematic series of nouns, and thus the verb actualizes its meaning in speech.
Narmin Musabayova
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7411

Abstract:
В статье поднимается вопрос о необходимости изучения азербайджанского языка студентами-иностранцами, обучающимися в Азербайджане на негосударственном языке. Автор связывает эффективность образовательного процесса с возможностью социокультурной, лингвистической и психологической адаптации иностранных студентов к реалиям новой для них страны. Автор подчеркивает настоятельную необходимость создания национально ориентированного Краткого курса азербайджанского языка для иностранных студентов, обучающихся на подготовительных отделениях вузов Азербайджанской Республики на негосударственном языке. В качестве примера автор ссылается на составленную им Программу Краткого курса азербайджанского языка для китайских студентов, обучающихся в Азербайджане на русском языке. В предлагаемой Программе автор представляет лексический и грамматический материал, синтаксические конструкции и модели, примеры диалогов для бесед и иные материалы , которые необходимо освоить иностранным студентам. В заключительной части своего исследования автор даёт методичсекие рекомендации преподавателям РКИ АГУНП, которые ощутимо могут помочь коллегам-преподавателям в подготовке Программ, учебников и силлабусов по азербайджанскому языку для студентов-иностранцев, избравших для обучения негосударственный язык страны пребывания.
Vovk N. P., Diachkova O. M., Mokhnar L. I.
International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science; https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032021/7414

Abstract:
The psychological approaches for improvement of efficiency of organization and communication in anti-crisis management, based on the explication of the concepts “crisis situation”, “anti-crisis management”, “social communication”, “communication in a crisis”, as well as based on the analysis of the application of theories and models of communication in management in emergencies are defined in the article.
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