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Results in Journal Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN): 16

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Bonifacio Vergonia, Sanny Eriman Mombas
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 2, pp 12-23; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v2i1.4961

Abstract:
In post-COVID-19 era, education system around the world seems to experience a shifting from traditional in-class learning to online activities, or it can be blended style which is the combination of both modes. Hence, exploring teachers’ and learners’ readiness for the different model of learning activities is a must and becomes a worth inquiry. The present study is at the cutting edge of profiling high school teachers’ readiness for blended teaching activities in Philippines at the time of post-COVID-19 era. A survey research design was adopted by involving 107 high school teachers in the city of Tupi, South Cotabato province, Philippine. This study provided an alluded picture that Philippines high school teachers are ready to conduct a blended learning system in post-pandemic era. This conclusion was drawn from the excellent results of survey items in four dimensions for blended teaching readiness model developed by Graham et al, comprising technical literacy, planning blended activities, facilitating student-student and teacher-student interaction, and managing the blended learning environment. The results indicate that a responsive, supportive, and relevant teacher professional development programs should be developed in order to enhance teachers’ readiness for blended learning in post-COVID-19 era, as well as improving Philippines future educational system.
Hermanto Hermanto, Zulela Ms.,
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 2, pp 55-62; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v2i1.5052

Abstract:
Amidst the COVID-19 pademic, the Indonesian government issued a distance and online learning policy so that students study in a state of emergency. Education is a conscious effort to provide a meaningful learning experience for students. This experience includes cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects. This research is at the cutting edge of portraying the emergency remote learning of elementary schools in rural area of Indonesia in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In the COVID-19 emergency, the Indonesian government issues a distance and online learning policy so that students can study even in a state of social distancing. The digital transformation of teachers and students is the impact of the learning process during the pandemic since the beginning of 2020. This research was a qualitative research employing a case study. Sources of data were teachers and students in elementary schools selected by purposive sampling. The technique applied interview and observation using interview sheet instruments and field notes about the reality of the implementation of education in schools. The results indicate that 80.81% of the learning process for low grade students is fully controlled by their parents, while in high grade students online and distance learning processes are not as formal as they should be. The implications of the results of this study illustrate that basic education in Indonesia has not yet ready in terms of human resources and technology, especially in the rural areas of frontier, outermost and underdeveloped. The contribution in this research is to provide an understanding to education observers how the process or learning experience is in pandemic and normal situations.
, Aerni Isa
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 2, pp 24-34; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v2i1.5110

Abstract:
The closure of schools and campuses due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the recent years has been shocking and resulted in a new learning habit from face-to-face interaction to online activities. Challenges, problems, potentials, and other attributes related to the administration of online teaching and learning are highly necessary to be explored. This study is conducted to portray college students’ learning experiences at the time of COVID-19 pandemic as well as post-pandemic recovery in Pakistan. A narrative inquiry by means of written reflection and semi-structured interviews is employed to scrutinize the online learning experiences of 19 university learners’ studying at a medical university in Pakistan. This study’s results depict that the use social media has dominated the whole learning activities in higher education context experienced by the students. Although the students confessed that they were ill-prepared, and there were issues with electricity supply, unstable internet connection, and access to digital equipment, they were still motivated to engage in online learning activities. When they were asked to provide opinion about the teaching modes, most of them argued that face-to-face interaction in a formal classroom was more preferred. The findings offer an empirical implication that teachers and related stakeholders are required to enhance the efficacy of online learning activities in Pakistan. Moreover, the findings contribute as an input enhancement to improve the quality of digital learning from the students’ point of views, both at the time of COVID-19 pandemic and post-pandemic recovery.
Anas Bin Tajudin, Chusna Maulida, Ria Dwi Vransiska
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 2, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v2i1.4965

Abstract:
Self-regulated learning (SRL) becomes a crucial part for the success of online classroom activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, studies exploring students’ SRL in the contexts of Malaysian and Indonesian universities are still lacking and remain more empirical evidence. This study aims to examine and compare both university students’ SRL toward online learning activities at the time of global pandemic. The required data are quantitatively collected from 103 undergraduates from University A in Malaysia and 119 college students from University B in Indonesia by using an online questionnaire on students’ self-regulated learning adapted from Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). The sudden shifting from face-to-face interaction to online class instruction is a new learning style and could be challenging, but the finding of this study shows that the students from both universities achieve high mean scores on the SRL questionnaire. This finding indicates that the students have a positive attitude, high academic motivation levels, and good self-learning control over themselves during the online classes. This study contributes to the extension of the current literature about self-regulated learning in higher education context. This study further suggests that teachers could assist students’ self-regulated learning to improve their academic performances by keeping their motivation and engagement, particularly in the time of online classes during COVID-19 pandemic era. Hence, future studies are recommended to investigate the impact of students’ SRL on learning achievement as it can help teachers to enhance students’ performance in online classes.
Hastini Hastini, Maslamah Maslamah
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 111-118; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.3437

Abstract:
The management of the PPTQ Griya Qur'an 3 Putri Klaten has been designed with modern management carried out by ustadzah (female teacher) and mudir as the center. The number of students was 80, and had graduated 2 generations of around 40 students. The purpose of this research is to describe the teaching and learning process at Tahfidz Qur'an. This research used a qualitative descriptive method, conducted at the PPTQ Griya Qur'an 3 Putri Klaten in January-July 2020. The research subjects were ustadzah. The informants were the boarding school leaders and the students. Data collection was carried out by observation technique, interviews, and documents. The validity of the data used source and data triangulation techniques. Meanwhile, the analysis technique used interactive data analysis encompassing data collection, data reduction, then presentation and conclusion. Based on the research, there are three stages of learning tahfizh; the first is the preliminary stage (pre-instructional), the second is the core stage (instructional) containing the implementation of muraja'ah and ziyadah students, then the teacher listens/justifies the students' readings, and the third is assessment stage. Evaluations include daily evaluations and level-up evaluations. Daily evaluation is done by the verse memorized every day, while the evaluation of the time level can be carried out at any time when the students are ready to memorize 30 juz’.
Tyzl N. Alcontin
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 71-82; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.4287

Abstract:
As the effect of school closure following the coronavirus lockdowns, the use of virtual classrooms has extremely rocketed to replace face-to-face school interaction. This change has resulted in new habits and adaptation in methods and approaches of teaching, particularly in the era of post pandemic recovery. This study is based on the phenomena occurred in most of school environments where digital (online) teaching practices become a new habit for teachers and students. A question that may arise is “do they still prefer online after the pandemic?” Drawing on this issue, this study aims to examine the beliefs of Philippines junior high schools teachers on digital teaching competence and to explore their preferences on teaching methods (online or offline) in post pandemic recovery. This study utilized a discovery-oriented qualitative approach, bridging into personal narrative and ethnographic perspective by involving twelve teachers teaching at several junior high schools in Davao Philippines. The results revealed that the teachers’ beliefs mattered in terms of digital platforms (tools) and classroom activities. The results further depicted that their acquisition of digital teaching competence greatly depended on teacher professional development programs and individual trainings. Moreover, this study also discussed the teachers’ preferences on the model of teaching either online or offline after the schools is opened. The results of this study contribute to providing valuable insights into redefining the situation of teaching and learning process in the era of post pandemic recovery.
Ariani Selviana Pardosi,
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 62-70; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.4301

Abstract:
Flipped learning approach has recently gained much more attention and has widely been utilized as a new approach to assist student-centered learning activities across different contexts of teaching. The present study aims to examine the effect of flipped learning instruction on undergraduate students’ development of higher order thinking skills (HOTS). Drawing on a quasi-experimental design, this study recruited 70 Chinese science education students enrolled in ‘teaching with technology’ course; they were equally divided into flipped (experiment) and non-flipped (control) groups. Data were obtained from pre-tests and post-tests in both groups using a higher order thinking skill test, and were analyzed by means of sample t-test using IBM-SPSS version 24. The results showed that flipped group students outperformed the non-flipped students in terms of HOTS performance. There was a significant different between the results of flipped group students’ pre-test and post-test scores (p-value: 0.000 0.05). It suggests that the flipped learning instruction has a significant effect on the Chinese undergraduate students’ HOTS development. This study contributes to providing valuable insights for instructors and college curricula designers to incorporate flipped learning approach in teaching at university level.
Ayu Fitria Nur Utami, Yusup Rohmadi
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 102-110; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.3455

Abstract:
When women reach adolescence, they undergo psychological changes that affect their identity; thus, a woman must be able to instill positive values in order to develop a strong sense of self-worth. A woman with an Alpha female figure is depicted in the picture. This study aims to explain the figure of the Alpha female in Islamic female characters, as well as to examine the steps for a Muslim teenager to grow as such an Alpha female through habits. The paper analysis method was used in this study, and the documents used by the researcher were research materials from Henry's book; The Girl Guide, and Felix y Siauw’s; How to Master your Habits. A descriptive qualitative analysis was used to analyze the data. The results of the study indicate that developing the Alpha female through habits in the context of Islamic education can be accomplished by first, providing motivation to improve. Second, training and repetition of activities related to alpha female creation, such as alpha friend, alpha student, professional alpha, and alpha look. The Alpha Female required a third time and consistency to evolve. The fourth is to be an expert, namely being able to form habits, control habits, and dominate habits. The results of this study contribute to the material for a woman in an effort for better self-development.
Abdul Aziz, Iswahyudi Joko Suprayitno
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 83-91; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.4281

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the aspects of communication and mathematical reasoning. In investigating the aspects of mathematical communication with an inquiry approach, of course there are several things observed related to learning mathematics. The focus of the material aims at observing communication and mathematical reasoning within the framework of inquiry, and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) is geometry and algebra. The research method used a qualitative research by looking at case studies with research subjects consisting of 31 prospective mathematics teachers in Semarang city. From the aspect of communication and mathematical reasoning that exists, it can be seen from the answers of 31 prospective mathematics teachers with an authentic point of view of inquiry and a theory of planned behavior for problem solving. From the observation, several cognitive processes are adapted to the authentic framework of inquiry and the theory of planned behavior for algebra and geometry material. In reasoning, a wedge appears between mathematical reasoning and communication adapted to the framework of inquiry and the theory of planned behavior. The contribution of this study is to determine the communication framework and mathematical reasoning from the theoretical aspects of planned behavior and inquiry. It is important to know aspects of communication and mathematical reasoning from a different perspective.
Mariam Haghegh, Arif Nugroho
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 92-101; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i2.4292

Abstract:
In the recent years, flipped learning has become popular and been widely utilized as teaching approach to activate students’ learning engagement, which is frequently used to reverse the conventional teaching. However, much more efforts are necessary to enrich the literature about its practices across different teaching and learning contexts. This study is at the cutting edge of examining the practice of flipped learning in higher education contexts; as well as exploring its effects on students’ learning motivation, attitudes, and engagement. Data were collected using a questionnaire from 35 undergraduate students enrolled in “Introduction of Educational Technology” course at a college of education, and the data were tested using 24-version IBM-SPSS linear regression. The results demonstrated that flipped learning strategy is a positive predictor for students’ learning motivation (p-value 0.001 0.05), attitudes (p-value 0.007 0.05), and engagement (p-value 0.003 0.05). The results contribute to offering valuable insights for college stakeholders to enhance the efficacy of teaching and learning process, particularly for higher education curriculum designers to adapt to the current teaching approach. Instructional implication and research suggestions are provided based on the results of the study.
Endang Wahyuningsih, Baidi Baidi
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 9-18; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3448

Abstract:
A common challenge encountered by educators to engage in an emergency remote learning is the selection of an effective digital platform to assist teaching and learning activities. Drawing on this issue, this study offers a practical solution by scrutinizing the potential use of android-based application named Discord as a digital platform to conduct online teaching and learning. To this end, a group of elementary school teachers and students enrolled in Islamic religious and moral education courses was involved as participants in a descriptive qualitative research by employing interview, observation, and documentation as instruments to collect the required data. The results demonstrated that Discord android-based application was proven to be an alternative for elementary school educators as a digital learning platform during the emergency remote learning in the age of Covid-19 pandemic. The results of observation further showed that online teaching-learning activities using Discord application could successfully create communicative digital learning environment which was interesting and enjoyable for the students. Despite the potential advantages, a number of challenges were also discussed in this study. The results of this study contribute as a practical insight for teachers and students in assisting online learning activities as Discord application helps them experience a new nuance of distance learning.
Diana Purwati, Arnis Silvia
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3467

Abstract:
With the economic development of Indonesia in the recent years, there has been a large number of Indonesian students continue their higher education in overseas countries, particularly Australia. Hence, examining their perceptions, challenges and experiences to adapt to the Australian English learning environment becomes an interesting attribute to explore. Drawing on this issue, the in-hand study explores how Indonesian learners dealt with challenges and difficulties in Australian education environment. Employing a qualitative research, this study involved eight Indonesian learners enrolled in English language programs in a number of Australian universities. Using interview as the instrument, the findings showed that the participants perceived a positive perception toward the communication activities during the teaching and learning practices; however, they encountered some difficulties related to grammar instruction within communicative practice. The results of interview further revealed that most of the learning difficulties they experienced were due to their prior exposure and habit to Indonesian teaching and learning styles. The participants further conveyed that enhancing English ability and building confidence were two most possible ways to deal with the difficulties. These results contribute as fruitful insights for teachers to be aware of different learners’ styles and needs, particularly those coming from various cultural backgrounds, so that they could engage in more interactive teaching and learning activities.
Novrika Nartiningrum, Pusfika Rayuningtya, Diska Fatima Virgiyanti
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 19-27; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3446

Abstract:
As English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students, it is expected that they should have good ability in four skills of English, including writing skill. However, errors are still found in students’ written works. This paper examines the different types of writing errors made by 10 Indonesian undergraduate students who were enrolled in an IELTS preparation class. Descriptive qualitative research was employed in this study. The errors in the term papers were identified and classified accordingly. The students’ works were assessed based on four aspects: task achievement, cohesion and coherence, lexical resource, grammatical range, and accuracy. The result of this study showed that the highest percentage of students’ errors was in terms of lexical resource and grammatical range (accuracy), followed by three other common errors: singular or plural, word choice, and punctuation. Regarding to the task achievement, in Task 1, most of the students addressed the task but they didn't cover all the information needed. While in Task 2, some students presented clear opinions but with limited and inadequately developed ideas and gave no conclusion. Furthermore, for the results of cohesion and coherence in Task 1, most students showed good logical sequence and overall progression but with faulty cohesion devices. However in Task 2, some students presented either incoherent or illogical ideas or information. These results contribute as fruitful insights for language learners who want to enhance the IELTS comprehension, particularly writing performance.
Juryatina Juryatina, Amrin Amrin
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 40-49; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3459

Abstract:
Arabic language education is a compulsory subject in Madrasah (Primary education level) under the auspices of the Ministry of Religious affairs. The students’ interest in Arabic language learning in Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Haq Rite Indonesia was very low. This is due to the students’ dislike of Arabic that demands the students to think, memorize, and be proficient in speaking as well as other skills. The current learning activities are non-varied and teacher-centered learning models. This study aims to determine the role of teachers in increasing students’ interest in Arabic learning. This study used a qualitative approach with field studies. Data collection techniques were interview, observation, and documentation. The data analysis techniques were in the form of data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing. The results of this study on the roles of teachers indicate that; (1) the teacher provides motivation and guidance for every Monday ceremony and Imtaq activities on Friday, (2) the teacher only uses textbooks without semester learning plans and other learning tools, (3) the teacher uses non-varied methods ( such as the lecture and discussion method), (4) the teacher provides an assessment of learning outcomes, (5) the teacher provides evaluation or tests, (6) the teacher gives praise to students, and (7) the teacher punishes students who do not do assignments. The results of this study contribute as practical insights for teachers, especially Arabic teachers in maximizing their roles to increase interest in learning Arabic in schools.
Annisa Arsya Wardani, Toto Suharto
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 28-39; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3456

Abstract:
Online learning is chosen during the Covid-19 pandemic. The problem that occurs is teachers as educators cannot directly supervise the development of students, so they need help from the informal educational institution.. In this context, parents take the role of facilitators during online learning. Not only limited to the educational function of parents, but it also has many roles that can be optimized so that children can grow and develop properly. The purpose of this study is toportray the role of families, especially parents in optimizing their role when online learning is present during the Covid 19 pandemic. The method used in this research was qualitative descriptive. This study used the data triangulation method as a technique to measurethe validity of the data. The analysis technique used in this research was interactive model analysis. The interactive analysis included data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions. The main results of this study were parents, apart from being an educational institution, whoalso took a role of being shaping children's character and personality that is to stimulate children's linguistic intelligence. Parents can also stimulate children's intrapersonal intelligence by adapting to behavior that is appropriate to the local cultural environment. The contribution of this research includes the function of parents which is not only maximizing scientific education but also deepening the internalization of spiritual and religious values in children, as well as building good communication is needed to optimize the role of parents to children.
Alfian Ubaidillah Alfauzi, Siti Choiriyah
Journal of Educational Management and Instruction (JEMIN), Volume 1, pp 50-61; https://doi.org/10.22515/jemin.v1i1.3451

Abstract:
Most of the students in Islamic boarding schools know the knowledge but do not implement it in daily life due to a lack of akhlakul karimah awareness. Based on this, a study aims to describe and analyze the implementation of the Three Success program in building the students' characters. Three Success program is a special program in Pondok Pesantren (Islamic Boarding School) Barokah Nandan Sukoharjo which consists of Alim Faqih, Akhlakul Karimah and Mandiri (Religious, Noble, and Independent). This research was a descriptive qualitative study. The subjects were Staff of Students Affairs, Students, and Ustadz (teachers) in the boarding school. The data collection was conducted by observation, interview, and documentation. To determine the validity of the data, the researcher used triangulation of methods and triangulation of sources. The data were analyzed using interactive data analysis with the procedure as data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The study results conclude that the implementation of the Three Success program was carried out by inviting students to participate in the activities within the program. This study contributes in overcoming the problem of students’ characters deviation in Islamic boarding school and as an effort to enrich the knowledge in the education field, especially those related to the character building of Islamic boarding school students.
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