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Results in Journal International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS): 215

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Thangakumar Jeyaprakash, Padmaveni K
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 407-410; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p137

Abstract:
Data science plays a vital role in the research field of computer science and engineering which involves collection of data, transformation, processing, describing, and modelling. In this article, fundamental theory of Data Science, Machine learning and Deep Learning with the scope and opportunities has been discussed. This helps the researchers to get a clarity on data science and its importance.
Ngoc Xuyen Nguyen, Nguyen Quoc Hung Luu
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 266-281; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p125

Abstract:
The existence of inconsistencies between teachers’ practices and learners’ preferences for feedback in pronunciation arise in a not greatly effective teaching and learning environment. The current study attempts to address this gap by examining the students’ perceptions of corrective feedback (CF) and the alignments between students’ preferences and teachers’ practices on CF for pronunciation in an EFL context, namely Vietnamese high school education. To this end, a questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were used as the research tools to gather data. The study highlighted the students’ positive perceptions about the values of teachers’ CF for their pronunciation development. In addition, both teachers and students share similarities in the values of students’ responsibility for error correction and segmental features as a choice of corrected errors and teachers as a source of CF. However, the mismatches between students’ preferences and teachers’ practices far outweighed the matches indicated a big challenge for teachers to develop problem-solving strategies. The implications for practical applications of teachers’ CF strategies are also presented.
Nguyen Thi Mai Duyen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 347-359; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p132

Abstract:
In teaching speaking, information gap activities are viewed as a useful tool which provides many advantages in teaching speaking language owning to the benefits it offers. Information gap activities give learners real motivation to communicate as they have opportunities to practice in actual situations. They give learners the chance to exchange information through communication. This research aims to investigate EFL teachers’ perceptions of information gap activities (IGAs) in teaching speaking English and to explore teachers’ reflections on the use of these activities in their classroom. The research adopted both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Data was collected using a questionnaire with 43 secondary school EFL teachers the Mekong Delta and in-depth interviews. We found that teachers interviewed had good perceptions of the use of information gap activities. Their knowledge of the roles, usefulness and characteristics of information gap activities as well as of how to use these activities effectively through their reflection on how they use these activities in their classrooms.
Kamrul Islam, Sabid Khan, Zareen Haider
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 227-246; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p122

Abstract:
This paper is to investigate the impact of public investment and FDI on GDP growth of Bangladesh. The Gross Fixed Capital Formation represents public investment of our country and we have taken FDI (inflows) as the variable while the GDP is the dependent variable. The time series data has been included here, which will be kept stationary, followed by a regression. As public investment and FDI are the independent variables, it is expected that they both have a positive relation with the dependent variable. Although, FDI may have a negative relationship to the growth. The relationship of FDI with growth rate can be used to show whether a country is in scarce of capital or not. The objective is to identify the relationship of public investment and FDI to the growth and to what extent these investments have an impact on the growth rate. By showing the estimated relationship of FDI to the GDP or growth, we are going to know whether our country is capital abundant or labor abundant.
Ly Huong Thi Nguyen, Mai Xuan Le
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 339-346; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p131

Abstract:
This study investigates the challenges that EFL teachers encounter in preparing young learners for Cambridge speaking tests in some language centers in the Mekong Delta. 53 EFL teachers from six language centers in some cities and towns across the Mekong Delta participated in the study. They answered a 25-item questionnaire on seven main difficulties faced by EFL teachers in preparing young learners for Cambridge speaking tests. The findings showed that apart from external challenges such as large class sizes, time pressure as well as a lack of teaching resources and equipment, EFL teachers are challenged by their level of English proficiency and teaching methodology. Therefore, most teachers expect to participate in training courses about how to design and implement effective tasks to motivate young learners' engagement in oral English activities. The implications of these EFL teachers’ concerns are for the administrators of language centers such as offering their teaching staff more training courses in addition to teaching materials and facilities for better preparing young learners for the Cambridge speaking tests.
Nguyen Thi My Nga, Do Minh Hung
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 325-338; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p130

Abstract:
This descriptive study aims to investigate how EFL teachers evaluate reading lessons in the piloted Tieng Anh 12 and how they make adaptations in their teaching practices. The current study was conducted with the participation of 62 teachers in different high schools in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. There are some main following findings. First, EFL teachers highly appreciated the reading lessons in the piloted Tieng Anh 12 in relation to goals, topics, authenticity, skills, tasks and vocabulary. Second, the participants revealed there were some weaknesses in reading lessons needed to be considered. Thirdly, EFL teachers shared their adaptations for weaknesses of the reading lessons by using some adaptation techniques such as deleting, modifying, replacing and simplifying.
Saurav Biswas
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 315-324; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p129

Abstract:
Smart grid technology has been recognized as a promising solution for the next-generation energy efficient electric power systems to mitigate energy crisis. Smart grid provides highly consistent and reliable services, efficient energy management practices, smart metering integration, automation and precision decision support systems and self-healing facilities. The smart power grid introduces a sensing, monitoring, and control system that provides end users with the cost of energy at any moment through real-time pricing. The classical power system operation has no control over the loads except in an emergency situation when a portion of the loads can be dropped as needed to balance the power grid generation with its loads. Furthermore, the smart power grid supplies the platform for the use of renewable energy sources that acts as a safeguard against a complete blackout of the interconnected power grid. In this work, all the concepts involved in smart grid mechanism is implemented with PIC18F452 microcontroller and other supplementary components. A solar module with storage capacity is connected to the proposed system for minimizing grid energy consumption and plays a primary energy source for maximum utilization of green energy. This intelligent device may inherently reduce the consumption of electrical energy during peak hours and allow consumers to sell back electricity into grid using bi-directional technique. Barriers, challenges, benefits and future trends regarding the technologies and the role of users have also been discussed in this paper.
Natasya Dea Novitarizki Darmawan, Indira Rachmawati, Ratih Hendayani
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 247-254; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p123

Abstract:
The entertainment industry has just launched Disney Plus Hotstar in early September 2020 and started its marketing on social media Youtube and Instagram. This study aims to determine the effect of social media marketing Youtube and Instagram on the purchase intention of Disney Plus Hotstar consumers, the influence of YouTube and Instagram social media marketing on Disney Plus Hotstar consumer engagement, and to see the effect of consumer engagement on the purchase intention of Disney Plus Hotstar customers by spreading questionnaire to 400 respondents using social media sites Youtube and Instagram in Indonesia. The hypothesis was tested using a structural equation model which was developed following the existing literature review. The results show that social media marketing has a significant relationship with consumer purchase intentions, where consumer engagement acts as a mediating variable in influencing social media users to obtain consumer purchase intentions. The study confirms that marketers must respond to the importance of increasing the use of social media because it has a strong influence on consumer's purchase intentions. Managerial advice that can be applied by companies is to always monitor consumer engagement by adjusting the company's social media marketing strategy.
Ashwini Joshi, Amol Ranadive
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 417-428; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p139

Abstract:
The main aim of this research was to first design, test and validate a structured tool to measure the construct of consumer involvement for organic food products. To do this, three most populated urban dwellings in the state of Gujarat, India were surveyed. A total sample of 200 respondents was deemed appropriate in terms of the validity of results as well as resources at hand. The three urban dwellings covered under this study were Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara. Out of the total sample size, 80 valid responses were collected from Ahmedabad, 70 from Surat and 50 from Vadodara. Initially, a structured tool was developed keeping in mind four basic dimensions which were, Information Search, Affection, Importance and Purchase. The tool had twenty statements asking for respondents’ opinion on a five-point Likert scale ranging from ‘Strongly Agree’ to ‘Strongly Disagree’. Apart from this the questionnaire collected demographic data of the respondents. After collecting data, using factor analysis, four antecedents of involvement were validated since the Eigenvalues for each of them were above 1. Overall, these four antecedents or factors explained 65.71% of the total variance. After statistically validating the tool, consumer involvement was measured and results showed moderately higher involvement. Further analysis was carried out to understand the inter-relationship between the antecedents inter-alia and consumer involvement. Correlation analysis confirmed strong positive correlation between all the antecedents as well as between consumer involvement and its antecedents which further confirmed the validity of this tool. Since correlation was found to be highly positive and significant, it was considered appropriate to establish and test this construct using regression analysis. Regression analysis revealed that all the antecedents had more or less similar impact on consumer involvement for organic food products.
Gessica Mina Kim Jesus, Gladys Dorotea Cacsire Barriga
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 216-226; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p121

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to identify the main factors that influence the quality of the car rental service in Brazil, from the perspective of customers. It is the first time that the main factors for the quality of the car rental service have been investigated considering the perspective of Brazilian customers. We adopted a survey based on a questionnaire. The results were analyzed using the binary logistic regression model. The main factors for the quality were: the company offers local maps and tourist information along with the car (odds ratio = 1.56); the company has cars adapted for people with special needs (odds ratio = 1.39); the company supplies cars with a choice of steering (odds ratio = 1.568); the company has employees that are well dressed and look good (odds ratio = 1.58); the company makes all tools and documents available (odds ratio = 1.75); and the company offers compensation if inconveniences arise for customers (odds ratio = 1.51). This study shows how companies can direct their efforts to reduce complaints and improve the satisfaction and quality of the car rental service in Brazil.
Uzoma Chidoka Nnamaka, Chukwuma - Ogbonna Joyce Adaku, Odungweru Kingsley
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 306-314; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p128

Abstract:
This study examined the relationship between non-oil exports and economic growth in Nigeria for the period 1981 to 2019 using ARDL/Bounds testing approach to analyse data sourced from the CBN statistical bulletin.The ADF stationary test showed that all the variables attained stationarity after first difference except gross domestic product which was stationary at levels.The bounds test confirmed the existence of a long run association amongst the variables in the model.Non-oil export and economic growth were positively related in both the long run and short run. While the long run revealed an insignificant relationship, a significant relationship was observed in the short run. Trade openness showed evidence of positive and insignificant relationship with economic growth both in the long run and in the short run period while exchange rate revealed a positive and significant relationship with economic growth both in the long run and in the short run period. The R2 value indicates that 58 percent of the systematic variation in economic growth is explained by non-oil export, trade openness and exchange rate in Nigeria over the period under study. Based on these results, the study recommends: the diversification of the productive base of the nation to boost domestic capital formation needed for investment, prudent utilization of borrowed funds to reduce poverty to the barest minimum and more efficient debt management strategies to ensure that borrowed funds are directed to more productive channels in the economy to stimulate growth and improve the living standard of people.
Nurhasni Sirajudin, Muhammad Ridwan, Daud Malamassam
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 117-125; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p112

Abstract:
The structure of agroforestry management in West Halmahera Regency was mostly managed modestly and the primary constituents were annual plants (Multi-Purpose Tree Species). The study aimed to 1) describe agroforestry patterns and systems, 2) identify and analyze internal and external factors whichwere determinants of agroforestry development attempts, and 3) formulate priority strategies to accelerate agroforestry development. The research was conducted from March to June 2021. The results showed that the agroforestry patterns applied by farmers were Agrisilviculture and Agrosilvopasturemodes. Furthermore, the results of the SWOT analysis showed that the alternative strategies which could be offered were 1) Socialization by relevant parties to encourage the community to enhance forestry plant cultivation, for the sake of soil and water conservation, and also as a business opportunity. In this regard, the community needed to be assisted with quality seeds, in addition to optimizing the use of available seeds on the community’s lands; 2) Increasing the intensity of the implementation of guidance, counseling, and assistance, taking into account the conditions and problems faced by farmers in the field; 3) Boosting the intensity of education and training to develop community insights and skills regarding good cropping systems, proper use of pesticides, pest and disease prevention in plants. The three alternative strategies offered are to overcome the weaknesses and deal with the threats experienced shortly agroforestry development efforts.
Afna Dalilah, Riko Hendrawan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 167-176; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p116

Abstract:
This research aims at calculating the fair value of shares of pharmaceutical companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). The data used in this research is historical data from the 2013-2020 financial statements, which are used as the basis for projections in 2021-2025. The method used in this research is Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method with Free Cash Flow to the Firm (FCFF) approach and Relative Valuation method with Price to Earning Ratio (PER) and Price to Book Value (PBV) approaches in three scenarios. The three scenarios used are the optimistic scenario (condition above industry growth), the moderate scenario (the most likely condition for the company), and the pessimistic scenario (the average condition of the industry). The results of the research showed that by using the DCF-FCFF method, KAEF and PYFA stocks experienced overvalued conditions in all scenarios. Meanwhile, KLBF and DVLA stocks were undervalued in all scenarios. Then, from the calculation of the Relative Valuation method, each company was still within the industry range in all scenarios. Overall, KAEF stocks were overvalued by 57.817%, KLBF stocks were undervalued by 7.879%, DVLA stocks were undervalued by 370.865%, and PYFA stocks were overvalued by 16.662% both in DCF method and in Relative Valuation method.
Adesola Adebayo Akande, Johnson Kolawole Olowookere
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 210-215; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p120

Abstract:
This paper examined forensic accounting capability and useful strategies to minimize the effects of financial crimes and other related frauds in Nigeria economy. Various points at which preventive controls can be established were identified.Data were collected from two hundred and fifty five (255) respondents in the south-west geo-political zone of Nigeria and response on capability and suitability of using forensic accounting principles and measures to prevent undue practice that often arises via financial crimes in the economy were analyzed with Analysis of Variance Method. The results showed that the estimated Z-statistic was 115.3736.The critical table value of the Z-statistic at 5% level of significance (95% confidence level) was obtained as 1.645. Since the estimated test statistic (Z-statistic) value exceeds the critical table value at 95% confidence level, the null hypothesis is rejected in favour of the alternative hypothesis. Thus, the study concludes that forensic Accounting principles is capable of eliminating all types of financial frauds in any economy. It was also empirically found that forensic accounting can be used to locate diverted funds or assets, identify misappropriated assets and identified reversible insider transactions, thus, forensic accounting is useful as effective fraud detection tool, detects suspicious fraudulent transactions and covers risk assessment processes. Based on the above the study recommends the adoption of forensic accounting principles, effective appropriation of financial resources and external auditors employment.
Thao Thu Thi Nguyen, Hoang Yen Phuong
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 177-190; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p117

Abstract:
In Vietnam, writing is considered the most challenging skill by English as a Foreign Language (EFL)students. These students encounter various kinds of problems in their writing process, from generating ideas to revising their tasks. Previous studies reveal that collaborative writing could bringstudents numerous benefits regarding their writing performance. The present study was conducted to examinethe impacts of collaborative writing on EFL students’ paragraph writing performance and investigate their attitudes toward using collaborative writing in learning English writing. This research followed a mixed-method design, which lasted 15 weeks and was conducted with the participants of 80 EFL tenth-grade students in a high school context. Three research instruments namely the writing tests (pre-and post-test), questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews were employed in this study. The findings showedan improvement in EFL students’ paragraph writing performance after they had experienced collaborative writing. Moreover, the majority of EFL students also showed their highly positive attitudes towards using collaborative writing in learning English writing. Finally, the suggested pedagogical implications of using collaborative writing in learning English writing are hoped to contribute to the innovation of teaching writing in the context of high school in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.
Fernando C. Gaspar, Fernando M. Mota
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 37-45; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p104

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to measure entrepreneurial intentions with a clear timeframe for the intended behavior, thus going beyond a measure of attitude. The main focus is on those who refuse the idea of becoming entrepreneurs, and to understand the reasons for this refusal, something literature has ignored so far. Samples were collected in 2008 and2018allowing for a study on the progress and therefore revealing the results of the effort put in entrepreneurship education. Our data shows that a) trusting one’s own skills, b) valuing own job creation, c) valuing being one’s own boss and d) valuing the independence associated with being an entrepreneur, all contribute to student’s willingness to become entrepreneurs. The results provide some important lessons for entrepreneurship education programs, because individuals who refuse: • are less motivated to career factors and more worried about life quality aspects than would-be entrepreneurs. • see more obstacles to creating startups than would-be entrepreneurs. • trust less in their entrepreneurial skills than would-be entrepreneurs. Implications for theory and practice are proposed, as these results can be used to improve entrepreneurship education. This new view on potential entrepreneurs’ individual choices is presented as an advancement to the theory and to the present understanding of entrepreneurship.
Nguyen Thanh Nha, Phuong Hoang Yen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 152-166; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p115

Abstract:
This paper reports an experimental study to investigate whether Interactional Strategies (ISs) have any significant effects on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students’ speaking performance. The study is defined as amixed-method research with two research instruments namely speaking tests and semi-structured interviews.Twenty-five participants were divided into 2 groups namelya control group and an experimental group. Theintervention was implementedfor ten weeks. The findings show that there was no significant difference about speaking performance between the control group and the experimental group although there was a significant difference in oral performance mean score of the pre-test and post-test given to both groups. Moreover, the majority of the participants in the experimental group held positive attitudes toward the teacher’s use of ISs in improving their speaking performance. Implications for practical applications of Interactional Strategies are also presented.
Audrey M. Siahaan, Hesti Arwi Waruwu, Victor H. Sianipar, Oloan Simanjuntak
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p101

Abstract:
The use of the internet in the business world has influenced the traditional form of presenting corporate information. In addition, the rapid development of the internet creates new ways for companies to communicate with investors. Companies use the internet to report financial information to investors, known as Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). Disclosure of data on the company's website is a signal from the company to outside parties, one of which is reliable financial information and will reduce uncertainty about the company's prospects. This article examines the effect of firm size, profitability, liquidity, type of industry, leverage, auditor reputation, age of listing, level of public ownership, and level of foreign ownership on the probability of companies implementing Internet Financial Reporting (IFR). The data used in this study is secondary data in the form of data from non-financial companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The conclusion that can draw from this article is that the variables of profitability, firm size, liquidity, type of industry, auditor reputation, foreign ownership, and public ownership have a positive and significant effect on financial reporting practices via the internet (Internet Financial Reporting). While the leverage variable, listing age, was not proven to substantially impact financial reporting practices via the internet (Internet Financial Reporting).
Almirah Jumran, Riko Hendrawan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 191-201; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p118

Abstract:
This study aims to project the intrinsic value of state-owned banks listed on IDX for the 2021 to 2025 projection. This study uses the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method with the Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE) approach specifically for banks by looking at the regulatory capital. Meanwhile, it is also used the Relative Valuation method with the Price to Book Value (PBV) and Price Earnings Ratio (PER) approaches. This study uses three scenarios will be used, which consist of a pessimistic scenario (the average condition of the industry), a moderate scenario (the same condition as the company's growth), and an optimistic scenario (a condition above industry growth), which aims to project the stock value over the next five years. The data used in this study comes from historical data during the 2016 to 2020 period. Based on the results, the stock prices of state-owned banks using the FCFE method shows undervalued results for all scenarios. Meanwhile, using the relative valuation method, PBV in the optimistic scenario only shows BBNI undervalued conditions. In addition, in moderate and pessimistic scenarios, only BBRI shows overvalued conditions. Furthermore, PER shows undervalued results for all scenarios.
Aa Media Martadiani, Ita Silvia Azita Aziz, Dewa Ayu Niti Widari
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 52-59; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p106

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the mediating role of self-efficacy and motivation between lecturer competencies, on student achievement in the Faculty of Economics and Business, Warmadewa University. The sample used in this study were 93 students. Research resultshows that all variables have a positive and significant effect on student achievement. Self efficacy and motivation fully mediate between lecturer competence and student achievement.
Nguyen Ngoc Khanh, Luu Nguyen Kha Vy, Le Thanh Thao, Le Xuan Mai
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 60-71; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p107

Abstract:
Many changes have been observed in the Vietnamese education context. As a result, higher education institutions implemented many innovations in English teaching and learning, such as new course books, new programs, and new teaching techniques. Somehow, it creates several challenges for English as a foreign language (EFL) students and their motivation for learning. Learning styles have been considered as one of the course factors.The current study attempted to investigate English-majored students’ learning styles and their preferred interaction activities in EFL classes. The study was administered as a concurrent nested design in which the qualitative strand is embedded within the prominence of the quantitative one. There were 191 students, studying English high-quality programs in a public tertiary institution in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, who were recruited in this research. the results from questionnaires including thirty-one close-ended items and two open-ended ones showed that among the students, there are more visual learning styles than the counterparts, including auditory and kinesthetic ones. In terms of interaction activities in EFL classes, games are dominant. Based on the findings, some discussions and implications are presented at the end of the paper.
Taufik Rochmanto, Gadang Ramantoko, Indira Rachmawati
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 143-151; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p114

Abstract:
The timber industry is one source of state revenue that plays an essential role in the forestry sector. However, this sector only grew by 3.66% in the Q4 of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018 by 4.25%. Timber sales also decreased by 5.6% due to several factors such as price adjustments, timber availability, and the quality level of the timber sold. This research aims to analyze the influence of the 4Ps of Marketing, namely products and their attributes in timber type, assortment, quality, cutting, timber tract, price, place, and marketing expenses on timber sales volume in July - December 2019. This research uses secondary data, which are processed using the multiple regression analysis methods. The results of this study indicate that the type of timber (X1), assortment (X2), quality (X3), cutting (X4), timber tract (X5), and price (X6) partially have a significant effect on timber sales volume (Y). Meanwhile, place (X7) and marketing expenses (X8) partially have no significant impact on the timber sales volume (Y). However, simultaneously all these variables have a significant effect on the timber sales volume (Y).
Kosy Timothy Nwosu, Azubuike Lucky Umeh
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 46-51; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p105

Abstract:
Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) have been identified as the backbone of global economy (Bloem, 2012; Dano-Luna, Canare& Francisco, 2018). This fact is true in a developing country such as the Philippines. The Philippine Senate Economic Planning Office (2012) noted that MSMEs are very essential to the economy as it is linked with the creation of jobs, innovation and wealth. Specifically, they are attributed with the boost of economic progress in rural areas, the provision of support services to large enterprises and the formation of new entrepreneurs and large corporations (Senate of the Philippines, 2012). As such, MSMEs are crucial partners for the realization of the fullest economic potential and growth of the Philippines. This is to say that MSMEs play a key role in the maintenance of the cooperative and competitive advantage of the Philippines in the ASEAN integration and in the global market.
Ni Made Taman Sari, Ni Made Santini, Made Pratiwi Dewi
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 72-81; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p108

Abstract:
The health of a bank is in the interest of all related parties, including bank owners and managers, the public using bank services, and bank supervisors. Bank Indonesia assesses the soundness of banks using a method with a risk approach called the Risk Based Bank Rating (RBBR). This study aims to determine the soundness of Rural Banks (BPR) in Gianyar Regency in 2015-2020 using the RBBR method. This method consists of four assessment factors, namely risk profile, GCG, earnings and capital. The results of the study show that there are still several BPRs in Gianyar Regency that have the predicate of being unhealthy or violating the NPL, LDR and ROA ratios in accordance with the provisions of the law. The assessment of the Good Corporate Governance (GCG) factor in this study focused on the compliance function with the implementation of internal audit and external audit on financial statements implemented by banks. The internal audit function has been implemented by banks from 2015 to 2020. External audits were implemented by banks in 2019 and 2020. In 2019, 19 or 76 percent of 25 banks were audited by external auditors, and 6 banks or 24 percent were not audited by external auditors. The results of the Assessment of Capital Ratio with Minimum Capital Adequacy Ratio (KPMM), all BPRs with Very Healthy Predicate with KPMM Ratio greater than 12 percent. In 2019, 19 or 76 percent of 25 banks were audited by external auditors, and 6 banks or 24 percent were not audited by external auditors. The results of the Assessment of Capital Ratio with Minimum Capital Adequacy Ratio (KPMM), all BPRs with Very Healthy Predicate with KPMM Ratio greater than 12 percent. In 2019, 19 or 76 percent of 25 banks were audited by external auditors, and 6 banks or 24 percent were not audited by external auditors. The results of the Assessment of Capital Ratio with Minimum Capital Adequacy Requirement (KPMM), all BPR with Very Healthy Predicate with KPMM Ratio greater than 12 percent.
Thi Trang Huynh, Mai Huynh Nguyen, Bang Duy Vo
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 82-92; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p109

Abstract:
This paper reports the findings of assessing the quality of services offered at an academic library in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Using the quantitative approach, 31 criteria of updated LibQual model were considered in this research. Data collected in this study include online survey of 386 students from different courses and majors in the university. Research findings indicate that students were satisfied with all library services at a high level. The findings also reveal that there were 4 groups of factors influencing students’ satisfaction. They were Service Affect, Information Control, Library as a Place and Copyright. Of the four influential factors, Service Affect was identified as the strong factor while Information Controll was found to be the minor. Some implications for administrators and librarians are also provided with particular regard to the assessment of the quality of library services.
Nhu Quynh Le, Hong Thi Phuong Nguyen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 126-142; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p113

Abstract:
This paper reports a descriptive study that examined Vietnamese parents’ perceptions of the impacts of their parental involvement on their children’s English language learning at secondary school. It draws on data collected as part of a larger project. Data were collected using including a questionnaire and semi-interviews and analysed using descriptive statistics. Findings reveal that parents held positive perceptions of their involvement on their children’s English language learning outcome. Implications for practical applications of parental involvement are also presented.
Tran Thi Thuy Lan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 93-95; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i4p110

Abstract:
As English is used more and more in professional fields and is an important communication tool at work, the teaching of English for Special Purposes at universities and colleges in Vietnam needs more and more attention. more. With the aim of improving the effectiveness of teaching and learning English for Special Purposes, this article explores the current situation of teaching English for Special Purposes at Tan Trao University, evaluates programs, materials, teaching methods and topics. Exams for English for Special Purposes courses. Through surveying students, interviewing teachers, attending teachers who are directly involved in teaching and learning English courses, and analyzing documents related to English for Special Purposes courses, research The research has pointed out the advantages and disadvantages of the English for Special Purposes courses and proposed improvement solutions to improve the training efficiency of the modules. The research results have reference value for other Vietnamese universities with the same educational background.
Arukwe C. Maureen, Okoro Deborah P., Eneh Nnajiofor Cyrus
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 247-261; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p123

Abstract:
Treasury systems are designed to manage several critical aspects of public expenditure management. Key treasury system functions include financial planning, control of the budgetary process and management of government cash flow. However, for any treasury system to be effective, government has to ensure that it has sufficient liquidity to deal with payments, while ensuring that such liquidity costs are kept within the barest minimum. TSA is a (system of) unified structure of government bank accounts enabling optimal utilization and consolidation of government cash resources. In TSA a bank account or a set of linked bank accounts is used for all government transactions all its receipts and payments and gets a consolidated view of its cash position at any given time. This study investigates Treasury Single Account (TSA) and Fraud Management: Benefits and Challenges in Nigeria. Adopting a survey design, the study made use of primary data collected mainly through administering a set of questionnaire to104employeesofselected three Corporate Affairs Commissions in South-East, Nigeria comprising Enugu, Imo and Abia.100copiesofthequestionnaireoutof the total number of retrieved copies of questionnaire were validly completed and useful for analyses. Findings interlaid revealed that: TSA significantly reduced the incidence of fraud in public enterprises; TSA in public enterprises to a large extent reduces the credit creation of deposit money banks. The study recommends that the TSA policy will be effective if, the Fiscal Sunshine Bill is to be put in place, and if enacted will open up all financial activities of government in a way that there will be no more hiding place for those who divert or loot government money. Just like the Fiscal Sunshine Act is in place with budgeting process, implementation and contract awards, should be open for Nigerians to see how both revenues are generated and how public money is being spent by those in government, and why; Government should overhaul the capacity of the Federal Ministry of Finance and the CBN in order to cope effectively with the challenges associated with enforcement of the provisions of the TSA.
Yash Dhawan, Rajkumar Saini, Ekt a, Ms. Suchita Saxena
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 220-223; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p120

Abstract:
This paper is about a car controlled through gesture based on wireless technology. This aids physically challenged people and additionally for sure tasks educated by human. The aim of this project is to manage the automaton victimization hand gesture. measuring device works according to the hand gestures of the person having gloves containing transmitter and it consists of Arduino Uno for controlling action. Four main Hand gesture movements like FORWORD, BACKWORD, LEFT and RIGHT area unit detected and enforced.
Nengah Ganawati, Dewi Soraya, I Made Yogiarta
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 235-246; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p122

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the idea that intellectual capital, organizational learning, and digital transformation are needed by medium-sized businesses to improve performance to maintain business sustainability during the covid-19 pandemic. The main purpose of this study is to determine the direct influence of intellectual capital and the indirect effect of organizational learning and the effect of digital transformation as a moderating variable on business performance. The sample of this study used 174 medium-sized business managers in Denpasar City, Bali-Indonesia. The results of the study found that digital transformation was able to strengthen the relationship between the influence of intellectual capital and organizational learning on the performance of medium-sized enterprises.
Kosy Timothy Nwosu, Gerry Gatawa
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 171-186; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p115

Abstract:
Social capital is formed from individual abilities through the social investment that contributes to value creation where individuals feel a sense of membership and commitment through their social interactions and relationships. This study aims to explore the application of social capital to women's organizations. It further explores the net social value of women's organizations and the women members to determine social capital's role as a means for value creation. At these ends, the mixed method was employed by combining qualitative and quantitative data gathering approaches. The study used key informant interviews among 11 women's organizations in Baguio City and Benguet, where a total of 284 women members were interviewed. The result of the talks was subjected to semantic analysis and net present social value analysis. The results reveal that women's organizations reflect the dimensions of social capital and bring a significant contribution to members' lives. The findings imply that women members are duly recognized in their organizations, and each member expects to receive a positive value of the social benefit. Hence, women's organizations are the embodiment of social capital that contributes to women's value creation and empowers their members to maximize their capacities.
Andi Sartina Ningsih, Baharuddi N, Daud Malamassam
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 224-234; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p121

Abstract:
The use of candlenut (Aleurites Mollucana., L. Wild) as a non-timber forest product is expected to be a excellent product in the KPHL of Selayar in line with the designation of the area as a Protected Forest Management Unit (KPHL). Candlenut is a non-timber forest product (NTFP) which has great economic potential, but in the management of the candlenut business in the KPHL Selayar has not been able to be optimally developed as the scale of the use of candlenut remain low and the business model conducted appears to be traditional. The study aimed to analyze and identify internal and external factors in formulating the right strategic priorities in the development of the candlenut business at KPHL Selayar. The method employed was a combination of SWOT and AHP by describing internal and external factors, then tabulating it so that it would formulate a priority of strategic choices. The results showed that among the four SWOT groups namely Strengths (S), Weaknesses (W), Opportunities (O) and Threats (T) which became the priority of the SWOT group which had a great influence on the development of the candlenut business, the Strength (S) group with a value of 10.55. Based on the formulated results of the candlenut business development strategy, it was concluded that the priority strategy to be implemented was the S-O 3 strategy, namely increasing the candlenut business collaboration to expand the marketing network with a priority value of 0.107.
Lowelyn L. Mabandes, Stephen A. Fadare, Hendely A. Adlawan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 211-219; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p119

Abstract:
This descriptive-type study assessed the profile of the respondents along; age, gender, length of training, highest level of participation in fighting karate-do games. More so, looking into the level of aggression and level of motivation as factors that influence the participants in karate-do tournaments in the city of Cagayan de Oro. The data were gathered using questionnaire and observation, and were treated using frequency count, and t-ratio for r. Correlation among the variables was determined, as well as the capabilities of aggression and motivation of the respondents. It was found out that the respondents were withing the age of 18 – 21 years old, and majority were male. It also revealed their length of training to be 1-5 years while their highest level of participation in the game was in the National tournament. The participants level of aggression and motivation was very high aggressive and highly motivated. It was concluded that while the participants in karate-do tournaments fight in national tournaments, their capability still needs to be enhanced and support by various organizations that are involved.
Wianadhira Nur Hasna, Indira Rachmawati
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 202-210; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p118

Abstract:
This research aims to recognize any factors that might affect the customer loyalty on Tokopedia with its related variables such as service user interface, service information quality, perceived security, e-commerce service feedback, perceived privacy, perceived risk, perception of website quality, e-customer satisfaction, and e-customer trust. The process of collecting data uses a questionnaire with a purposive sampling method and 385 respondents are Tokopedia users. The data analysis technique used in this research is SEM-PLS (Partial Least Square). The result of this research mentions that variables of e-commerce service user interface, perceived privacy, perceived risk, perception of website quality influence the variables of e-commerce satisfaction and e-commerce trust while e-commerce service information quality variable only has a positive influence on e-commerce satisfaction variable. On the other hand, e-commerce satisfaction does not have a positive influence on e-commerce customer loyalty while e-commerce trust positively influences e-customer loyalty.
Okonkwo Jeremiah Chukwudi, Abdoulraman Aljounaidi
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 134-161; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p113

Abstract:
Most businesses have recognized the value of effective promotional work. Throughout the production period, some business firms retained their manufacturing goods in the hope of trade. We believed that customers or consumers will purchase them if the commodity becomes available. But new findings have shown that the company obtains returns that impact the company's success to the benefit within the organization among the opposite strategic resources we have in marketing, but only a promoting operation that generated rapid sales. such as advertisement, personal sales, Sale promotion, and public relations. Enriched and improved marketing and private sales efforts are to be enforced by effective promotional activities, and in each manufacturer and consumer, they are promoted. Marketing strategies such as promotional activity need to be implemented as soon as the market is competitive in full, the terms "fittest" survival is applied and the competition within the enterprise, in an alternative to survival, most organizations follow wholesale live methods for attracting and maintaining clients, e.g. Since one company may not be the sole producer or the sole seller of a product, it is important that the company also exists in the market and updates its practices continuously based on customer request.
Jonathan V. Pagdato, Milla Gallardo, Stephen A. Fadare, Hendely A. Adlawan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 162-170; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p114

Abstract:
This descriptive-type study assessed the motivation and mental toughness among table tennis athletes and their achievements in sports performance. The respondents of this study were 68 table tennis varsity athletes who officially played in the singles event during the Mindanao Association of State and Tertiary Schools (MASTS) Friendship Games in Tandag, Surigao Del Sur. The data were gathered using questionnaires and observation and were treated using frequency and percentage to measure the significant relationship between and among the variables. In addition, the Pearson Product Moment Correlation of Coefficient or Pearson r was utilized. It was concluded that schools, universities, and college administrators must give adequate support and provide ample budgetary needs for the varsity athletes to participate in local, regional, and national competitions and tournaments. Government and institutions should equip, train, and manage competitive stress among athletes and enhance their mental capacity to handle performance during games. The researchers concluded that institutions must also consider younger players in their selection process of the varsity. Based on the result of the study, more immature players were more motivated and highly mentally tough compared to the older players.
Peter Terna Iorhen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 187-194; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p116

Abstract:
The paper is aimed at bringing to limelight by explaining the concept of vulnerability specifically its types, causes and coping strategies among others. Vulnerability has threatened lives, nations and organizations at diverse magnitude. Being a common concept among health workers, the understanding of the concept is underestimated to people in other works of life. Therefore, understanding this concept will not only be of theoretical benefits but also enable vulnerable class know when they are vulnerable and how to cope with vulnerability. Though, the functioning of vulnerability is interlinked and connected to poverty among other factors. The methodology for this paper is purely descriptive. Areas covered include clarification of concepts, types of vulnerability, vulnerable groups, causes of vulnerability and coping mechanisms of vulnerability. Therefore, the paper concluded that apart from individuals, nations and organizations are vulnerable and also exposed to shocks, threats and risks that can be mitigated by deploying coping mechanisms that prevents vulnerability from becoming chronic.
Ly Minh Trinh, Huan Buu Nguyen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 195-201; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p117

Abstract:
Writing is widely held as the most important but sophisticated skill in learning foreign languages, including English. In particular, in college writing, students need to acquire and improve their writing performance in order to communicate ideas to intended audience or academia. Thus, as a communicative activity, writing cannot be done in isolation. Instead, collaborative writing has been advocated as a socially constructed activity done by more individuals to produce a particular text. However, individual writing still dominates in the writing context in Vietnam, thereby deterring students from writing collaboratively with others. This paper therefore seeks the students’ perceptions about collaborative writing. Data collected for this study include questionnaire and interviews. Participants were147 students of English at a university in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The findings indicate that students had positive perceptions about collaborative writing. Implications for collaborative writing are also provided.
Héman Kabemba Bukasa, Teiggy Birhula Mongane, Matala Matungulu Jean- Marie, Joseph Ndjibu Kapafule
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 22-31; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p104

Abstract:
Introduction : Le cholera est une maladie diarrhéique hautement contagieuse et en lien étroit avec le déficit de l’observance stricte des mesures d’hygiène. Il constitue un véritable problème de santé publique dans les pays en voie de développement. Cette étude avait pour objectif de déterminer l’impact de l’observance des mesures d’hygiène pendant la période de la maladie à coronavirus-19 sur l’épidémiologie de cholera dans notre milieu. Méthode : Il s’agit d’une revue documentaire des cas de choléra notifiés et validés durant la période allant de Janvier 2018 à Mars 2021 dans la zone de santéendémo-épidémique de Moba, province du Tanganyika, en République Démocratique du Congo. Résultats : 1935 cas de choléra ont été rapportés durant la période d’étude, avec respectivement un taux d’attaque pour 100 milles de 196,5 en 2018, 277,2en 2019 et 68,8 en 2020. Le sexe masculin a été le plus affecté en 2018 (n=368 ; 53,8%) et 2019 (n=527 ; 53,0%), contrairement avec 2020 en faveur des femmes (n=153 ; 60,2%). Les mois pluvieux ont été les plus contributeurs en nombre des cas de choléra notifies. La majorité des malades arrivait avec la déshydratation sévère. Le séjour moyen aux centres de traitement des maladies diarrhéiques (CTMD) et unités de traitement des maladies diarrhéiques (UTMD) a été presqu’uniforme durant la période étudiée, variant de 3,1 à 3,2 jours. Les décès liés au cholera ont été de 1 cas sur 254 en 2020, 19 cas sur 994 en 2019 et 11 cas sur 684 en 2018, soit une létalité de 0,4 % en 2020, 1,9 % en 2019 et 1,6% en 2018 et une morbidité proportionnelle de 35,4%, 51,4 % et 13,1%. Conclusion : La limitation des déplacements et l’intensification des mesures d’hygiène instaurées pendant la période de la pandémie de la maladie à coronavirus ont eu un impact significatif sur l’endémicité, l’épidémicité et la mortalité de choléra, spécifiquement le taux d’attaque pour 100 milles et la létalité. En outre, cette période de la maladie à coronavirus expose les femmes à contracter le cholera par rapport à leurs homologues masculins.
Toan Bao Nguyen, Huan Buu Nguyen
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 120-133; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p112

Abstract:
This paper reports a descriptive study to examine English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers beliefs about the impact of students’ peer correction at the post-writing stage (PWS) on students’ writing performance in letter writing. This paper draws on data collected as part of a larger project including questionnaire and semi-interviews. The findings reveal that teachers held positive beliefs about the impact of students’ peer correction on students’ letter writing performance. Implications for practical applications of students’ peer correction are also presented.
Jessa Marie Salvador-Caabay
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 115-119; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p111

Abstract:
Ecotourism has been known to be globally popular which promotes natural resources that will function for recreational activities but following the methods for sustainable use and implementation. For proper management plans, various ecotourism sites are evaluated for they recreation use values. In this study, the Travel Cost Method (TCM) was applied in order to calculate the economic value of Iwahig Firefly Watching Ecotourism and Wildlife Park in Palawan, Philippines. The individual travel cost method was utilized in this study which was found to be a cost-effective and convenient method. It was found out that age, income and travel costs are some of the factors that have a significant effect on the number of annual visits of individuals in the site. The travel costs and age both have indirect relationship with the number of visits to the site, while the annual income have a direct relationship on the number of visits. This may be useful in terms of management plan and conservation.
Roseli Vieira Pires, Diego Eduardo Lima de Souza, Gislaine Silva Leite
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 89-104; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p109

Abstract:
The purpose of this final course work is to show the implementation of the 8s quality management program in companies. The adoption of this quality method brings countless benefits and improvements for the institution and employees. The 8s quality program seeks to improve the company's environment and seek continuous improvement in processes, through the reduction of failures, the organization of processes and the prevention of accidents and occupational diseases. The bibliographic and qualitative research methodology was used based on the application of an interview questionnaire about the 8s quality program with the company's employees. The questionnaire was applied to employees of the company Hozanna Construções, which operates in the civil construction sector. The implementation of the 8s quality program brings countless and great positive changes and significant results for the company and employees.
Trang Thi Huynh, Hieu Quang Doan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 14-21; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p103

Abstract:
This paper is aimed at assessing learners’ needs and library responsiveness of textbooks and course readings at Cantho University, Vietnam. Underpinned by the conceptual framework defined by Reitz, this study was conducted using quantitative data from 444 learners of bachelor, master and doctorate degrees [13]. Findings indicate that learners’ needs were at the high level (M= 4.25) while the responsive level of library textbooks and course readings were relatively low (M= 3.92) with 51%, 44% and 52% for bachelor, master and doctorate students, respectively. With regard to books for further reading, this library could satisfy 39.7% of learners’ needs. These findings provide library leaders with insightful views of their current collections of textbooks and course readings for training programs and ways to increase their responsiveness. The findings also serve as a reference for further studies related to qualified training programs.
P.A.Dr. Munir Shaker Mohammed
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 69-88; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p108

Abstract:
This study aims to identify the benefits of the auditor's professional experience in reducing the impact of audit’s problems. The elements representing the professional experience of the auditor were identified by three elements and considered representative of the independent variables of the study, namely: (1) the period of the auditor's professional experience, (2) the level of qualifications that the auditor holds, (3) the nature of the auditor's specialization. It also diagnosed the problems that the auditor faces in his work based on previous studies and through polling the auditors' opinions . These Problems are : (1) Problems related to laws and legislation, (2) Problems related to professional associations and colleagues, (3) problems related to clients and managements, (4) behavioral aspects of Colleagues and social pressures.. The research uses the questionnaire method to gather the necessary information and data , and the statistical methods are used to analyze the information gathered. The results of the statistical tests showed that there is a positive linear relationship between the three independent variables and the four problems the auditor faces in his professional work. The analysis of the results indicates that the first variable(The length of the professional experience) takes the priority in terms of its impact on the problems faced by the auditor.
Chris-Nnamchi J. N, Ifediora C. U., Emmanuel Sunday Nwanmuoh, Eneh N. C. J.
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 105-114; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p110

Abstract:
Background: Online shopping is the juice of buying and selling of products and services mostly adopted by the youths do their ability and zeal to always go online surfing and browsing as they look for solutions to their everyday needs. Purpose: The objectives of this study were: to ascertain the extent to which youths carry out online shopping; to assess the level of satisfaction of youths towards shopping online; to determine the extent to which online shopping is preferred to traditional shopping; to find out the effect the fear of losing money while shopping online has on the shopping behaviour of youths; and to determine the effects fear of non-delivery of order has on online shopping. Method: The population of the study is made up of students from three higher institutions in Enugu state. Convenience sampling technique was used in interviewing and administering the questionnaire to 90 respondentsafterwhichchi-square,and linear regression were used to test the hypotheses. Result: The findings indicate that Nigerian youths shop online frequently whenever they access various sampling brands, price and delivery options same time. Also, online shopping is preferred to traditional shopping by the sampled youths because it is convenient, offer discounts, have objective reviews from other shoppers. Conclusion: The online presence of most companies has created an opportunity for marketing firms to reach out to the youths by way of interacting with them and getting feedback on the companies products and services. Making it easy for the companies to know the best ways to improve their products or services. This study equally recommends that firms should focus more on establishing an online presence to attend to the shopping needs of youths in Nigeria.
Ragunath L, Mohanraj C, Suriya Kumar S, Sasi Kumar S, Balamurugan C
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p101

Abstract:
The turn of events and execution enhancement of shell and tube heat exchanger is an issue of incredible test and part of arising early innovation. The exhibition enhancement would serve an extraordinary commitment to assuage the swelled working expenses just as energy emergency. This paper grandstands every one of the experimental outcomes got from the constant framework investigation in different working conditions. Further it addresses examination for a few shell-and-tube heat exchangers with segmental confounds with various point parametric variety. The framework distinguishing proof has been done utilizing CFD investigation. The consolidated outcomes as for same shell-side stream rate show that, the heat move co-proficient of the heat exchanger with astounds is higher than that of the heat exchanger without perplexes, while the shell-side pressing factor drop of the previous is even a lot of lower than that of the last mentioned. Further upgrade methods ought to be consolidated to improve shell-side heat move dependent on a similar stream rate. The near investigation of heat move coefficient per unit pressure drop shows that the Segmental Baffle Heat exchanger have critical execution advantage over Segmental Baffle Heat exchanger for similar mathematical arrangements.
Abul Kalam Azad, Masud Rana Parvej, Sudipto Saha Dipto, Atik Ahmed, Nazmul Hasan
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 59-68; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p107

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to find out effects of different trellis-vegetables grown at the edge of the rice field on the productivity and profitability of transplanted modern aman rice BINA Dhan-7. The study design was held as a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) since it was repeated three times. The experimental treatments were T1 = rice + bottle gourd, T2 = rice + white gourd, T3 = rice + yard long bean, T4 = rice + bitter gourd and T5 = rice + cucumber. The results revealed that grain yield was the highest (3.48 t ha-1) in rice + cucumber (T5) and the lowest grain yield (2.65 t ha-1) was found in rice + bottle gourd (T1). In terms of vegetable production, the maximum vegetable yield (21.33 t ha-1) was obtained from rice + bottle gourd (T1) and the minimum value (0.25 t ha-1) was received from rice + cucumber (T5) crop combination. Moreover, the highest rice equivalent yield (23.98 t ha-1) was found from rice + bottle gourd (T1) crop combination and lowest value (3.48 t ha-1) was found from rice + cucumber (T5) crop combination. The highest value of gross return (Tk. 316290 ha-1) was obtained from the T1 treatment (rice + bottle gourd) and the lowest value of gross return (Tk. 50835 ha-1) was recorded from the treatment T5. The maximum benefit-cost ratio (3.35) was recorded from T1 treatment and the lowest benefit-cost ratio (0.71) was observed in T5 treatment. Finally, the growing of bottle gourd production at the edge of transplanted aman rice BINA Dhan-7 cultivation approach will be a significantly beneficial production technique.
I. Jenish, M. Appadurai, E. Fantin Irudaya Raj
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i3p102

Abstract:
Mixing units is one of the prime components in various chemical processing industries. The mixing equipment produces a product by combing different liquids at various properties. Generally, the mixing units are axial and radial flow types. The rushton turbine is one of the radial flow types and had higher power number due to fluid resistance as disadvantage. This works aims to investigate the four bladed rushton turbine impellers at eight angles for finding optimum power without compromising radial flow patterns. The shaft eccentricity hydrodynamics effect is also analysed on the unbaffled stirred vessels. The variance of eccentric and coaxial agitation is clearly evaluated on the several power number and impeller blade angle by experimental and numerical analysis. The CFD analysis is made on the mixing chamber to find the optimum inputs of the mixing chamber numerically by varying the blade angles.
R. Shanthi, V.Vinoth Kumar
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 40-43; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i2p105

Abstract:
In 2050, the world's diabetic patients will arrive at 642 million, which implies that one of the ten grown-ups later on is experiencing diabetes. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized as a gathering of metabolic issues applying critical tension on human wellbeing around the world. DM is a persistent sickness portrayed by hyperglycemia and it might cause numerous inconveniences. To forestall this issue, to break down the given medical clinic dataset by directed AI technique(SMLT) with catch a few data resembles, variable ID, uni-variate examination, bi-variate and multi-variate investigation, missing worth therapies and dissect the information approval, information cleaning/getting ready and information perception will be done on the whole given dataset. Our analysis provides a comprehensive guide to sensitivity analysis of model parameters with regard to performance in prediction of diabetic patients by given attributes of dataset with evaluation of GUI based user interface diabetes attribute prediction. Additionally, it observes to lead an increase the highest accuracy in diabetic prediction of attributes by a significantly better classification report, identify the confusion matrix and to categorizing data from priority and the result shows that the effectiveness of the proposed machine learning algorithm technique can be compared with best accuracy with precision, Recall and F1 Score.
Kabir Adeniyi Yagboyaju, Ikwuagwu Henry Chinedu
International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) pp 49-56; https://doi.org/10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v4i2p107

Abstract:
This research study empirically assessed the effect of guerrilla marketing on guerrilla entrepreneur performance focusing on selected businesses in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design which suites the research because of its descriptive nature. Multiple regression analysis using ANOVA was adopted to analyse the variables in the models under study. The result indicate that there is a positive relationship between Entrepreneur Performance (ENTP) and Ambient Marketing (ABTM) with a coefficient values of 0.621. Statistically, the Sig. value of 0.021 is lower than the acceptable significance value of 0.05. Also, Ambush Marketing (ABSM) has coefficient value of 0.685. Statistically, the Sig. value of 0.003 is lower than the acceptable significance value of 0.05. Furthermore, Sensation Marketing (SSNM) was observed to be positively related to Entrepreneur Performance (ENTP) with a coefficient value of 0.788 and a Sig. value of 0.017. Finally, Viral Marketing (VILM) has a coefficient value of 0.591 and a Sig. value of 0.448, indicating that VILM has a positive but insignificant effect on ENTP. We therefore conclude that for the guerrilla entrepreneur in Nigeria to be successful and sustain his business, he must show and implement empathy in his business. Also guerrilla entrepreneur must engage in publicity that is creative, innovative, and attractive even in terms of cost like the guerrilla marketing strategy.
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