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Muhammad Muslih
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 581-590; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.168

Abstract:
Family harmony is one of the important factors in helping student achievement, because many students are raised in less harmonious families. The education and economy of their parents are relatively low, and they are also busy with making a living, all of which causes children's learning achievement to decline, especially in Islamic Religious Education lessons. This study aims to obtain data on the level of family disharmony of students at SMP NUHA Banjarharjo Brebes, in order to determine student achievement in Islamic Religious Education subjects and determine the relationship between family disharmony and student learning outcomes in Islamic Religious Education lessons at SMP NUHA Banjarharjo Brebes. The method used by the researcher is field research to collect data by observation, documentation, interviews, and questionnaires. Information that is qualitative is replaced with quantitative information with the technique of giving a value to all alternative answers. The results showed that the level of family disharmony of the students of SMP NUHA Banjarharjo Brebes was at a moderate level, the conclusion from the average value of student participants in Islamic religious learning was classified as moderate, and the correlation between students' family disharmony and student learning outcomes in Islamic Religious Education was classified as strong 0.77.
Aji Cahya Gumelar, Fatihah Ekawati, Fitriani Intan Purnamasari, Zharra Cynthia Dewi
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 607-618; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.150

Abstract:
The research objective was to implement the learning process ondel-ondel arts in local content in the form of music, dance, and fine art compositions at the Vocational High School level as an effort to preserve Betawi culture. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach with interview techniques, observation, literature study, and triangulation techniques. Music composition for ondel-ondel art only relies on the trumpet as an instrument that plays a melody or song. The song that was played was limited to only 2 songs, namely Leles and Mangle. Ondel-ondel art in terms of visual art, students are able to make ondel-ondel masks using recycled materials, besides that in terms of the ondel-ondel art dance uses free movements that can be pulled by students at a show using several musical instruments that are still maintained until now. The implementation of local content in schools provides provisions for knowledge, skills, behavioral orders and student behavior, in the form of insight into environmental conditions and local wisdom
Mutia Nasution, Syahroni Hasan Siregar
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 635-642; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.183

Abstract:
The aims of this research is to know if there is a significant effect of problem-posing learning method on students’ achievement in reading invitation text of the twelfth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sipirok. The population is the twelfth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sipirok, which is consist of 190 students. Then, the sample is taken from the population by cluster random sampling technique and the total sample is 79 students. The writer uses experimental method. After calculating the data, it is found that the mean score of students reading invitation letter before taught by Problem Posing learning method is 68; it is categorized “enough”. While the mean score of students reading invitation letter after taught by Problem Posing learning method is 79, it is categorized “good”. After finding the score of ttest and ttable, both of the scores are compared. It is found that ttest is higher than ttable (ttest > ttable = 15.71 > 2.04). It means there is significant effect of Problem Posing learning method on reading invitation letter of the Twelfth grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Sipirok. So, the hypothesis in this research can be accepted
Syawal Syawal
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 696-704; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.188

Abstract:
In essence, leaders have the ability to influence the behavior of others. This study aims to see how the School Principal's Examplary Leadership in Improving Teacher Performance at MIS Al-Azhar Sido Makmur, Labuhan Batu Regency. Descriptive analysis techniques through observation, interviews, and document studies. Data were obtained from several participants including the school principal ofmadrasa, the deputy head, 5 teachers, and 25 students. The results of the study has been able to give concrete examples to teachers in schools. It is considered as good exemplary leadership. Teacher performance which isseen from work performance among teachers already has strategies, teaching methods, has teaching competence and has a teaching plan and teachers are also responsible for the learning process. The head of the madrasah conducts ongoing evaluations in an effort to realize the vision and mission of education in schools so that they can anticipate various problems that may arise.
Pihraf Risana, Tri Jalmo, Pujiati Pujiati, Dwi Yulianti, Rochmiyati Rochmiyati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 643-649; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.184

Abstract:
This development research aims to realize the development of STM-based LKPD, to find out the effect of developing STM-based LKPD which is theoretically feasible and suitable for use by educators in classroom learning. The research method used is development research (Research and Development) by using research steps according to Borg and Gall. The population in this study were fifth grade elementary school/MI educators in Rajabasa District, Bandar Lampung City, which amounted to eight educators. The sample used in this study was a saturated sample, namely eight educators. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis. Data collection techniques in this study were carried out in two ways, namely observation, and questionnaires (needs analysis questionnaire). The instruments in this study consisted of: 1) needs analysis instruments, 2) materials expert validation instruments, media experts and linguists, 3) user validation instruments (educators). The results of prototype product development were validated by material experts, media experts and linguists and validated by users, namely fifth grade educators at SD/MI Rajabasa District, Bandar Lampung City, totaling eight educators to support students' communication and high-level thinking skills in the learning process in the classroom.
Meta Yuliyana, Rochmiyati Rochmiyati, Dina Maulina
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 668-676; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.189

Abstract:
This article was written as the stage of designing a blended learning assessment instrument model in elementary schools. This study aims to identify an assessment model that accommodates the realm of cognitive learning. The design phase of this research is based on the ADDIE model framework. The research population is all students of class V SDN 1,2, and 3 Karanganyar, the research sample is class V students at SDN 2 Karanganyar who have implemented blended learning. The data analysis technique used in this research is the descriptive data analysis technique. Based on the author's hypothesis, the stages of the development model that can be used based on the results of the analysis of assessment instruments for blended learning, there are three types of assessment, namely self-assessment, peer assessment, and teacher assessment. This triangle model is expected to accommodate the realm of learning in the implementation of blended learning assessment.
Tissa Maharani
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 619-627; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.178

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze and explain how the implementation of distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic by first graders teacher. How the learning process was held, what information and communication technology was used, how was the preparation, what obstacles are faced by the respondents. The research method used a case study of descriptive qualitative approach with a phenomenological paradigm. The research subject is the first grade teacher of SDIT Al Iman Bintara. Data collection techniques using observation and questionnaires conducted online. Data analysis used descriptive statistics, with stages of data reduction, data presentation and conclusions. The result of the research is that the implementation of distance learning at SDIT Al Iman Bintara is running well according to the policies and technical implementations made by the school. The most widely used information and communication technologies during distance learning are Zoom, Edmodo and WhatsApp. The use of information and communication technology makes it easier for respondents in teaching activities, because previously respondents had attended special training from schools. Although 100% of respondents are used to using it every day, there are still obstacles that occur, such as internet signals that are not supported (disconnected/disappeared) or signal struggles with fellow teachers at school; internet packages for educators from the government that are not enough to use for one month when teaching from home; the material presented is less understandable by students, especially when there is a signal problem, which makes students no longer want to continue learning even though the signal is smooth again
Zaitun Zaitun, Rochmiyati Rochmiyati, Pargito Pargito
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 663-667; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.186

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the assessment model for online-based elementary school teachers during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research was carried out at SDN 2, Palas District, South Lampung Regency. The research method used in this study is a qualitative research method with a descriptive study approach. The data collection techniques used are through questionnaires and interviews. The results showed that the online assessment in elementary schools during the Covid-19 pandemic was carried out through: assignments, daily exercises (oral tests), written tests and portfolios. From the various types of assessments carried out, it turns out that there are several obstacles, from the results of interviews that have been conducted, the obstacles experienced in online assessments are skills and attitude assessments to overcome the obstacles regarding online assessment, it still needs to be developed again, namely self-assessment and parental assessment to help solve problems regarding attitude and skill assessment.
Ahmad Nurdin, Hani Chaerunnisa, Anwar Shidiq Santoso
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 677-684; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.194

Abstract:
Facing the COVID-19 pandemic, many habits or routines have changed. Activity restrictions are one of the efforts to prevent the spread of this pandemic. However, adapting to new habits is not an easy thing to do. As an adaptation to a new habit, temporary learning must be done online. Teachers and students experience many obstacles in doing online learning. So that a lot of research has been carried out to compile an effective and efficient online learning. However, research rarely reveals the emotional condition of teachers and students during a pandemic. Using descriptive qualitative methods, this study will reveal the geographic conditions of emotion at SMAN 1 Pagaden. The data were obtained through direct and indirect interviews, direct interviews were conducted with the teacher, while for students, a questionnaire was distributed using google form. The data is reduced and analyzed to get answers about the emotional condition of teachers and students at SMAN 1 Pagaden in the face of the pandemic. All data obtained after being analyzed will get solutions and ways to overcome the problems faced during this pandemic. With a research foundation that refers to Hargreaves' thoughts on the geography of emotions that limit questions to physical, socio-cultural, moral, professional and political elements
Hasan Basri
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 685-695; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.187

Abstract:
KKM is the target of the education unit in achieving the competence of each subject. The education unit must make every effort to exceed the specified KKM. The success of achieving KKM is one of the benchmarks for the performance of the education unit in implementing educational programs. Education units with a high KKM and implemented responsibly can be a benchmark for the quality of education for the community. Therefore, there needs to be activities that can improve teacher competence in compiling KKM so that KKM in schools can really be measured and accounted. The method in this research is the action research method (action research). This study uses a qualitative approach. The subject of the study was the teacher of MTs Daarul Muhsinin in the area of ​​the Ministry of Religion Office of Labuhan Batu Regency. The number of teachers who participated in this activity was 29 people. The results of the first cycle activities still cannot be said to be successful, this is because the average score of the teachers is still below 50 or less. In the second cycle, the training activities were followed up by providing practical assistance, in which the researcher and participants jointly set the minimum completeness criteria. In the second cycle, the results of determining the minimum completeness criteria for subjects prepared by the teacher increased sharply, this was evidenced by the teachers getting an average score of 85 or good. From the results of the study it can be concluded that there is an increase in teacher competence in determining minimum completeness criteria. In the first cycle the average teacher competency score was 25 or less, then increased to 85 or good. This means that training activities have a positive impact on increasing teacher competence in determining minimum completeness criteria.
Anwar Shidiq Santoso
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 705-715; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.195

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has had a serious impact on the education system. Usually, learning is done face-to-face, but with the COVID-19 pandemic learning must be done remotely. Changes in learning patterns require a learning innovation. By carrying out an innovation, it is hoped that the quality of learning can be improved. In this study, observing the implementation of geography learning during the pandemic. The research location was conducted at SMAN 1 Subang, SMAN 2 Subang, and SMAN 1 Pagaden. This research is qualitative descriptive, meaning that this research seeks to find interactive patterns of relationships and to gain understanding of meaning. The findings in SMAN 1 Subang, learning that was done virtually was considered less effective, while in SMAN 2 Subang online learning showed better results when compared to face-to-face learning. Online learning at SMAN 1 Pagaden shows good results with the implementation of a project based learning model using google earth media and the whatapps group. As a solution to the problems that arise is to implement the offline model of distance learning as well as the visiting teacher model.
Khin Thandar Aung, Rafiza Abdul Razak, Nor Nazrina Mohamad Nazry
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 600-606; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.177

Abstract:
Needs analysis is a technique in collecting and accessing information relevant to course design. In the needs analysis, the interview is one of the methods and it involves asking in-depth questions using a structured or semi-structured guide to better understand the individual’s points of view. A pilot test for an interview is an important and useful process in conducting qualitative research. Its findings might indicate that some improvements for the major study are needed. This article will explore the advantages of the pilot study, how it was undertaken and the experiences and findings throughout the study. The pilot test was conducted by interviewing two nursing lecturers using Google Meet. This pilot test was conducted with three stages of an interview process such as a pre-interview, peri-interview and post-interview. There were no serious modifications were needed after data analysis of the pilot study was done. It indicates that the research instruments, semi-structured questions can be considered as valid and reliable and can be used for the real study. At the same time, the researcher recognized that the MOOC course and communication at risk module need details explanation because they are new for the participants and to make clear distinction between risk communication and therapeutic communication. This study gives the researchers valuable experiences in applying the three stages of the interview session. The most important, the findings of this study can be applied in the real study
Reni Febriyanti, Alben Ambarita, Rochmiyati Rochmiyati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 650-662; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.185

Abstract:
Purpose of this research and development is to describe the validity and effectiveness of developing student worksheets based on the SAVI learning model in improving students' critical thinking skills. This type of research is research and development that refers to the theory of Borg and Gall. The population of this study was the fifth grade elementary school students in East Metro District and the sample was determined by purposive sampling as many as 40 students divided into experimental and control classes. Data was collected through observation sheets, questionnaires, and test questions. The data analysis technique used is the n-Gain test to determine its effectiveness. The results of the validation of the SAVI-based student worksheets were carried out by material, media and language experts. The results showed that the SAVI-based student worksheet development product was valid and effective for use in the fifth grade student learning process. This was evidenced by the improvement in students' critical thinking after using the SAVI-based student worksheet.
Fadhil Pahlevi Hidayat
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 628-634; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.182

Abstract:
One of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is felt in the world of education, namely the Government's policy that all learning activities must be carried out from home online. With this policy, students tend to be affected by negative impacts during online learning due to the increasing consumption of the digital world. Therefore, media literacy education is needed for students so that it can become the basic ability of students to overcome negative and negative influences to improve understanding to build knowledge and have more critical thinking about information obtained from the media, especially for students who are currently learning from home online. This study uses a research method with a literature review with data collection techniques carried out through an in-depth study of various reference sources. The results of the analysis show that media literacy education for students during online learning during the covid-19 pandemic is a basic skill that is so important for a student to have, not only for online learning but also for learning in the 21st century as it is today. Media literacy education skills can be applied during online learning by applying skills such as access, select, understand, analyze, verify, evaluate, distribute, produce, participate and collaborate
Ican Ican, Yasir Arafat, Destiniar Destiniar
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 333-341; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.130

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the influence of principal leadership and work commitment to the professionalism of primary school teachers. The formulation of the problem in this study, namely (1) how is the influence of the principal leadership on teacher professionalism?, (2) how is the influence of work commitment on teacher professionalism?, (3) how is the influence between principal leadership and teacher work commitment to teacher professionalism. This study uses a quantitative approach with an ex post facto design. This research is looking for systematic empirical data and in this study the researcher can’t directly control the independent variables because the events have occurred and according to their nature can’t be manipulated. This study places the influence of principal leadership and teacher work commitment to the professionalism of primary school teachers in Cokroaminoto cluster, Semidang Aji District, OKU Regency. The results of the descriptive analysis show that the performance of the Cokroaminoto cluster primary school teachers in good category of 65.5%, that’s, the mean or average score is 61.4155 which in 52–63 interval. The results of the descriptive analysis show that the professionalism of teachers in the professional category of teachers in carrying out their duties is 77.5%. However, there are still teachers whose professionalism is in the quite professional category at 12.0% and even there are still teachers who are less professional in carrying out their duties by 2.8%, this is reflected in the indicator that teachers do not master the methods and evaluation of learning outcomes. Based on the results of multiple regression analysis, the regression equation line Y = 18.668 + 0.260X1 + 0.472X2 is obtained. These results indicate that this positive sign is in accordance with the theory and can be interpreted that the principal leadership and teacher professionalism are good, so the teacher's performance will be good too.
Darul Qutni, Muhammad Kristiawan, Yessi Fitriani
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 354-366; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.132

Abstract:
This study aims to determine human resource management in improving the quality of education. The formulation of the problems in this research are: (1) how is human resource management in improving the quality of education?, (2) what are the obstacles faced in the implementation of human resource management in improving quality?, (3) what are the factors in the implementation of human resource management in improving the quality of education?, (4) how is the quality of education?. This research is a qualitative research with a qualitative descriptive approach. The data obtained were collected through observation, interview and documentation techniques. The results showed that human resource management at SD Negeri 170 Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU), both in quality improvement, implementation, supporting factors and the quality of education had been running optimally
Edi Wiranto, Muhammad Kristiawan, Yessy Fitriani
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 387-399; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.133

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the atmosphere of the academic in the midst of covid-19 pandemic at SD Negeri 169 Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU). The formulation of the problem in this study: (1) what is the academic atmosphere of SD Negeri 169 OKU in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic?, (2) what are the inhibiting factors in creating an academic atmosphere at SD Negeri 169 OKU in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic?. The type of research used is qualitative research with using qualitative descriptive analysis data. The data collection technique is done by interview, observation, documentation and triangulation. The results of the study were seen from the academic atmosphere and inhibiting factors in creating an academic atmosphere in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic. In the academic atmosphere, the teaching and learning process at SD Negeri 169 OKU was running safely, orderly and conducive. The learning activity is distance and offline learning while adhering to health protocols in accordance with directions and instructions from the OKU District Education Office. Meanwhile, the inhibiting factors in creating an academic atmosphere in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic are (1) teachers find it difficult to evaluate student learning outcomes, (2) internet network constraints, (3) power lines that often go out, (4) not all students have smartphones and internet pulses, and (5) some students did not collect or send assignments given by the teacher.
Agus Susilo, Andriana Sofiarini
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 400-410; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.139

Abstract:
Education in the current Covid-19 pandemic era must be shifted from face-to-face learning systems to distance learning. This online learning requires suitable and appropriate media without reducing the quality of learning. The purpose of this research is the use of WhatsApp Group as a learning medium in universities during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is quantitative research methods. The instrument in this quantitative research is a research questionnaire. To find out the number of research results, it is known by knowing the percentage. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on education, namely the existence of Covid-19, has changed the education system in Indonesia from various levels. Online learning was carried out after the ban on face-to-face learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. Online learning is carried out by utilizing online media that is relevant to needs. WhatsApp Group as a learning media in Higher Education, which is an online media commonly used in the communication process during a pandemic, was chosen to be used as a medium to support the distance learning system. WhatsApp Group apart from having powerful features, is also easy to reach and cheap in terms of data packages used for distance learning. WhatsApp Group media is a recommendation in the implementation of online learning today. The conclusion is that in the current pandemic era, online distance learning systems must use appropriate and comfortable online media without reducing their quality. WhatsApp is an online learning solution during the pandemic.
Matsna Ahya, Syarwani Ahmad, Yessi Fitriani
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 411-423; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.134

Abstract:
This study aims to see the role of principals and teachers in improving the quality of learning at SMA Negeri 5 Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU). The formulation of the problem in this study is how the role of principal leadership and teacher professionalism in an effort to improve the quality of learning. This research is a qualitative research with a qualitative descriptive method. The data source is 50 teachers. The data technique is done by interview, observation and documentation. The results of this study illustrate that the role of principal ownership and teacher professionalism in an effort to improve the quality of learning in schools has been done as well as possible. This is with the shared role of the teacher in planning the Learning Implementation Plan that has been made and approved by the principal.
Syafe'I Syafe'I, Alhadi Yan Putra, Nur Ahyani
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 424-443; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.141

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the correlation between work motivation and work discipline on teacher performance. The formulation of the problems in this study: (1) is there a correlation between work motivation and teacher performance?, (2) is there a correlation between work discipline and teacher performance?, (3) is there a correlation between work motivation and work discipline on teacher performance. This type of research is descriptive quantitative. The sample in this study amounted to 74 students. Data collection techniques in the form of tests and documentation. The instrument used was a test sheet. The theories used are teaching and learning strategy theory and learning evaluation theory. The results of this study. Based on the respondents' perceptions of work motivation, a score range of 116-150 was obtained, with a total score of 20409 and an average score of 130.79 which in this case was categorized as quite good. Respondents' perceptions about the effect of work discipline on teacher performance obtained a score range of 107 - 151, with a total score of 20191.00 and an average score of 134.43 which is in the good category. The degree of influence of the work motivation variable (X1) and the work discipline variable (X2) on teacher performance (Y) was 0.73 or 73%. This shows that the teacher's performance (Y) is jointly (simultaneously) influenced by the work motivation variable (X1) and the work discipline variable (X2) by 73% while the remaining 27% is influenced by other factors outside the equation model.
Eddy N Mustika
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 444-451; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.151

Abstract:
This study aims to obtain a description of teacher activity, in the process of this research is motivated by the low motivation and value of student learning outcomes, this is marked by 78.95% student scores still have not reached the minimum completeness criteria. This research is aimed at the use of the inquiry method in science grade IX-A learning on electromagnetic induction material. The research method used is classroom action research. The subjects of this study were 38 students of grade IX-A semester 2 MTsN 3 West Aceh, consisting of 16 male and 22 female students. Data collection techniques with tests, observation and documentation. The results of research using the inquiry method in the learning process increase the motivation and learning outcomes of students. The initial condition was 18% or 7 students increased to 21 students or 55% and reached 100% from 85%, and the increase in student learning outcomes from the average in the initial condition was 55.79, increasing to 65.79 in cycle I and on the end of the second cycle increased to 79.21 and completeness of learning in the initial conditions as many as 8 students (21.05%). Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that learning using the inquiry method can improve the process, motivation and learning outcomes of grade IX-A students at MTsN 3 West Aceh Semester 2 Academic Year 2020/2021 on learning science with electromagnetic induction material.
Mimih Sukmayanti, Hani Chaerunnisa, Anwar Shidiq Santoso
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 503-513; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.158

Abstract:
So far, distance learning still faces many obstacles in its implementation. Starting from compiling lesson plans, learning methods, to conducting evaluations. Moreover, the psychological factors of students in facing this pandemic, they are required to study at home with various kinds of challenges and obstacles. Limitations of gadgets (smartphone), internet quota to internet networks that do not reach where they live because they are in rural areas. To find a solution to this problem, a study was conducted regarding the initial conditions of SMAN 1 Pagaden students in carrying out this distance learning. By using the Miles & Huberman analysis method, which will find interactive patterns of relationships and to get an understanding of the meaning of the obstacles faced in the distance learning process at SMAN 1 Pagaden by using non-verbal interview techniques. The questionnaire is distributed via google form which then the data obtained is used as a reference for developing distance learning strategies. Based on the results of interviews, based on respondents who answered that distance learning at SMAN 1 Pagaden was less effective, it was 49.8%. Students hope that distance learning does not give many assignments but there is material delivery through google meet or zoom meeting. For students who are not reached by internet and gadget (smartphone) facilities, the visiting teacher model is carried out with small groups.
Omay Komarudin, Qiqi Yulianti Zakiyah, Supiana Supiana
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 514-526; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.154

Abstract:
The stages in making the education policy process by Formulation and Adoption process. The policy formulation is intended for the best problem solving derived from various alternatives or existing policy options. The problem of revision of the Islamic Education curriculum is one of the solutions for handling radicalism in Islamic Religion Education (IRE) curriculum from several policy options including the elimination of jihad and caliphate material, changing subjects, transferring caliphate material to subjects of Islamic cultural history, while Jihad material is more directed towards a seriousness to do best activities. After choosing the best policy, it needs to be legitimized so that the decision is well received because it is in accordance with the procedures applicable to the general public and political or moral values. The policy for revising the IRE curriculum is contained in Decision of Religion Ministry no 183/2019 and endorsed by the Ministry of Religion in the field of Islamic Education, so that it becomes the best guideline in national and state life by maintaining national security stability.
Noraini Noraini
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 527-533; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.160

Abstract:
Low activity and student learning outcomes in a class are influenced by several factors, one of which is because the behavior and learning models used by the teacher are not yet correct in implementing a learning process. These problems can affect the activity and completeness of student learning outcomes, so there needs to be special instruments that make them more active, especially on the subject of biology which contains many scientific names such as on the subject of Plantae. The purpose of this study was to determine the collaboration of three discussion instruments with the task of learning media products in the form of power points to increase student activity and student learning outcomes of class X MIPA-1 on the subject of Plantae. This research method uses comparative descriptive analysis with a qualitative approach using simple formulas in the form of calculating averages and percentages. The results of this study indicate that the class average score is 83.64 with the completeness of learning outcomes 90.91% with this value the completeness criteria can be categorized as achieved with student activity increasing from 73.21% to 96.63% with the criteria categorized as very good
Septiandi Eka Putra, Johansyah Lubis, Novi Marlina Siregar
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 490-502; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.159

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to develop a rubber-based resistance training model for sprint athletes in Riau province by evaluating the efficacy of increasing sprint athletes' short distance running pace. The research method used in this study is ADDIE's research and development method, which consists of five steps. Athletes from Riau Province participated in this study as test subjects. analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluating are the first steps in the research process. Three experts were present for the model feasibility test: two athletic lecturers and one national athletic coach. The model's efficacy was tested using a 60-meter speed parameter test involving 30 athletes from Riau Province, 15 of whom were in the experimental group and 15 of whom were in the control group. The difference test results from SPSS 22 showed that the experimental group had an average difference of 0.78 and the control group had an average difference of 0.12. The discrepancy is derived from the test results, which are expressed in terms of time, so the shorter the time, the better. The discrepancy between the experimental and control groups' different values, or mean different = 0.658, t-count = 23.632, df = 28, with p-value = 0.000 < 0.05, indicates that there are substantial variations between the experimental and control groups. It can be concluded that the rubber media-based Resistance training model for Riau provincial sprint athletes is more successful and can help the Riau provincial sprint athletes improve their 100-meter running pace
Hermilia Hermilia, Nur Ahyani, Alhadi Yan Putra
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 464-473; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.145

Abstract:
The effect of creativity and work motivation on the productivity of Islamic Religious Education (IRE) teachers. This study aims to determine the effect of creativity and work motivation on the productivity of IRE teachers in Lengkiti district at Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) district. As for the formulation of the problem, (1) is there an effect of creativity on the productivity of IRE elementary school teachers?, (2) is there an effect of motivation on the productivity of IRE elementary school teachers?, and (3) is there an effect of creativity and motivation on the productivity of IRE elementary school teachers?. This type of research is descriptive. The sample in this study amounted to 19 people in 19 SD Negeri in OKU District. Data collection techniques in the form of observation, questionnaires and documentation. The results of this study. Based on respondents' perceptions about the effect of creativity on teacher productivity in a moderate category, the mean was 69.43. The results of the descriptive analysis of the effect of IRE motivation on teacher productivity are in a good category, the mean is 58.68. The results of the analysis of the effect of creativity and work motivation on teacher productivity are in moderate category with a mean of 49.59.
Susi Siviana Sari, Nurichsan Nurichsan
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 342-353; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.137

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine: motivation for teachers of islamic religious education at MI Nurul Ilmi Nabire, increasing learning of students at MI Nurul Ilmi Nabire, the effect of motivation for islamic religious education teachers on improving student learning outcomes in MI Nurul Ilmi Nabire. The method used is quantitative research with survey methods. The population was students at MI Nurul Ilmi Nabire with a sample of 30 people. Data obtained through questionnaires, interviews and observations. The results are then analyzed in a correlational manner which is presented in tabular form. Based on the results of the calculation of the product moment correlation with the help of SPSS version 16.0 where to find out each variable has a directional correlation of the two variables, namely the X variable and the Y variable, which indicates that motivation by the teacher has a correlation coefficient value of 0.479 (47.9%). While the results of the F-test are indicated by the value of Fcount (0.198) 0.05, which means that it is greater than 0.05. And the t-test results that get the value of tcount -445 < ttable 1.120 with a significance level of 0.660 > 0.05. This shows that the value of Sig. 0.05 has failed, because the results of both F and t is greater than 0.05. So it can be concluded that Ho is accepted and Ha is rejected.
Lili Halimah, , Nufikha Ulfah, Risti Aulia Ulfah
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 452-463; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.155

Abstract:
This study purposed to describe the communication pattern of students at the University of Ahmad Dahlan Yogyakarta and described Civic Virtue implementation through civic education in higher education in terms of forming young generation communication patterns. This study employed a qualitative descriptive method. The subject of the study was five lecturers of civic education. Data were collected through interviews, observation, documentation, and focus group discussion (FGD). The data were analyzed by using Miles and Huberman’s principles as data reduction, data display, and stating the conclusion. The result of the research showed that the students’ pattern of communication at higher education was influenced by some factors were environment and knowledge factor. The fostering of Civic Virtue through civic education in higher education in forming young generation communication pattern has existed in the process of Civic Virtue fostering that involves democratic values, self-control, and prioritizing plurality interest. The Civic Virtue in the category civic disposition involves responsibility, self-discipline, human rights respect, willingness to hear, negotiating, and compromising. Besides, the Civic Virtue in the category of civic commitment involves a commitment to the implementation of democratic citizenship rights, responsibility for democratic citizenship, constitutionalism, and tendency to participate politically
Yanti Sariasih, Fathiaty Murthado, Zainal Rafli
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 474-480; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.149

Abstract:
This paper begins with a concern over the existence of regional oral literature which is increasingly "isolated" from the hustle and bustle of the modern world today. The lack of efforts to preserve oral literature, which is actually an asset of the community itself, and there are not many generations who want to cultivate this oral literature as a form of cultural responsibility for their society. It is feared that this will backfire for oral literature so that one day this oral literature will disappear. In this paper, the author tries to reveal and describe the cultural values ​​contained in the Tembang Batanghari Sembilan (TBS) by using content analysis research methods and ethnographic analysis. The results of this study reveal that the TBS contains character education that has been maintained until now through development and cultural activities that exist in the Semende community in Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan (OKUS) regency
Denny Denmar, Bradley Setiyadi, Sophia Rahmawati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 481-489; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.152

Abstract:
Communication is known as an activity carried out verbally and non-verbally. Communication involves a large number of XXI century skills such as analysis, evaluation, problem solving, metacognition, collaboration, and technology. Some content standards that were built as a foundation for CCSS (Common Core State Standards) target communication skills in the ability to write, speak, and listen. Communication skills of jambi university education administration students seem to be lacking. This is reinforced by the results of observations, when discussion groups of students find it difficult to convey ideas verbally and difficulty in writing ideas into summaries. Lack of communication skills is influenced by many factors. While communication skills are very important possessed by students especially in the industrial era 4.0. One solution to improve communication skills is to integrate learning models. learning models that can be integrated are problem based learning and inquiry. The purpose of this study was to determine the improvement of communication skills of jambi university education administration students through the problem based learning model and the inquiry model. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) conducted in cycles of 4 stages, namely: planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The results of this CAR indicate that the inquiry model has not been able to show any indication of changes in improving communication skills of Educational Administration students in Jambi University
Masnurul Shalihah
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 551-556; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.165

Abstract:
The increasing number of people infected with the corona virus causes the disruption of the face-to-face learning process directly, because it can cause the emergence of new corona virus clusters in schools. As a substitute is the implementation of an Online learning system. The purpose of this research is to improve student learning outcomes in online learning using a combination, google form, youtube and material links. This research method is in the form of data collection on the value of student learning outcomes that are analyzed in a descriptive and classical manner using a formula to find the presentation of student learning outcomes. The benefit of this research is that it can be used as a reference for exploring the concept of Google Forms, Youtube and Link Material in online learning. The results of this study indicate that online learning using a combination of google form, youtube and material links can improve learning motivation, learning activities and improve student learning outcomes.
Noraini Noraini
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 569-575; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.161

Abstract:
The Biology learning process in class XII IPA at SMA Negeri 1 Danau Panggang has so far been more dominant in applying conventional learning models which are characterized by 1) teacher-centered, 2) emphasis on receiving knowledge, 3) less variety, 4) less empowerment of all potential students, and 5) using a monotonous method, because the teacher is dominant as the center of learning resources as a result, there are still many students who are passive, most students do not dare to ask questions. Student activity in learning and discussion is still low, many students in the learning process seem to be passive. As a result, learning becomes boring and less passionate, so learning outcomes are low. The purpose of this study was to improve learning outcomes of Biology on the subject of enzymes and their functions through Modification of the Multiple Representation Learning Model in class XII IPA SMAN 1 Danau Panggang. The research method used is comparative descriptive. Data were taken from 23 students with details of 8 men and 15 women. Then from the data, the percentage value of student learning completeness classically is sought using a predetermined formula using instruments in the form of observations of teacher activities, observations of student activities and student learning outcomes. The results of the final study showed that the average value obtained was 76.52 and the completeness of learning outcomes was 100%. Meanwhile, the activities of teachers and students also increased. Teacher activity increased from 59.72% to 79% with criteria from good to very good. Student activity also increased from 48% to 65% with good criteria
Mensissusanto Mensissusanto, Bukman Lian, Alhadi Yan Putra
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 319-332; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.129

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the influence of principal leadership and work motivation on teaching quality of teachers in Ogan Komering Ulu Timur (OKUT) vocational school. The formulation of the problem in this study: (1) is there an influence of the principal leadership on the quality of teacher teaching?, (2) is there an influence of teacher work motivation on teaching quality?, (3) is there an influence between principal leadership and work motivation on teaching quality of teacher in OKUT vocational school. This study uses a quantitative descriptive method to see the effect partially between the existing variables. The results of this study obtained respondents' perceptions of the principal leadership obtained a score range of 116-150 and an average score of 130.79. Respondents' perceptions of performance motivation on teaching quality of teacher were obtained scores of 107-151 with a total score of 20191.00 and an average score of 134.43. The degree of influence of the principal leadership variable (X1) and the work motivation variable (X2) on teacher's teaching quality (Y) was 0.73 or 73%. Shows that teaching quality of teacher (Y) is jointly (simultaneously) influenced by the principal leadership variable (X1) and work motivation variable (X2) by 73% while the remaining 27% is influenced by other factors outside the equation model.
Dauzar Dauzar, Happy Fitria, Alhadi Yan Putra
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 534-550; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.157

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of human resource development management to increase quality at SD Negeri 90 Ogan Komering Hulu (OKU). This research is a qualitative research with qualitative descriptive approach. The data obtained were collected through observation, interview and documentation techniques. The results showed that the human resource development steps carried out at SD Negeri 90 OKU were carried out in 7 steps, namely compiling programs, determining needs, determining targets, determining programs, identifying learning principles, program implementation and evaluation of program implementation. Human resource management at SD Negeri 90 OKU, both in terms of quality improvement, implementation, supporting factors and the quality of education have been running optimally.
Masnurul Sholihah
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 576-580; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.167

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the ability of subject teachers in making an authentic instrument after studying the material about authentic assessment. The variables of this study include authentic instruments made by each subject teacher to be analyzed descriptively using a simple analytical rubric. The conclusion of this research is that after studying the material on authentic assessment, all subject teachers can make one or more authentic assessment instruments with the criteria for making the results of which the average is very good.
Sahadi Sahadi, Yasir Arafat, Tri Widayatsih
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 367-386; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.131

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of principal leadership and work motivation on teacher work discipline. As for the formulation of the problem: (1) is there an influence between the principal's leadership on teacher work discipline?, (2) is there an influence between work motivation on teacher work discipline?, (3) is there a significant influence between principal leadership and work motivation jointly on teacher work discipline?. This research uses descriptive analysis method. The method used by researchers to get a view of the principal's leadership, work motivation and teacher work discipline. The sample in this study amounted to 108 teachers. From the results of the descriptive statistical analysis of the principal's leadership, the very good data category was chosen by 8 out of 108 (9.6%) respondents. While the good category was chosen by 21 respondents (25.3%). The sufficient category was chosen by 30 respondents (36.1%). 19 (23.0%) respondents chose the less category. For the very less category chosen by 5 (6.0%) respondents. If it is related to the mean value on the discipline questionnaire, which is 74.4819, then the average respondent chooses the sufficient category.
Fardila Hayati, Arief Aulia Rahman, Cut Eva Nasryah
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 557-568; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i2.135

Abstract:
This study aims to describe: (1) the validity of student worksheets based on problem; (2) increasing the mathematical communication skills of high school students by using student worksheets based on problem; (3) student responses to the development of student worksheets based on problem. This research is research and development. This research was conducted using Dick and Carrey model. The population in this study were all students of class X Darul Aitami private high school. Sampling used simple random sampling and the classes used as samples for the trial were class X-1 and class X-2. From the results of trial 1 and trial 2 it can be obtained: (1) student worksheets are included in the valid category, reviewed from several aspects, namely: format, language, material, and content. (2) the improvement of students 'mathematical communication skills by using student worksheets based on problem increased by 6.9%, in the first trial results the students' average score was 73.4% and after conducting the second trial it increased by 80.3%. (3) student responses to the components of student worksheets and learning activities using student worksheets are positive. Furthermore, it is suggested that teachers can use student worksheets based on problem as an alternative to learning, with the guidance or questions provided that are affordable to students, so that students understand the problems they are given more easily.
Andriana Sofiarini
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 230-239; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.117

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the character education in the Pancasila subject for STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau Students. How is character education integrated in the learning process contained in the values of Pancasila. Its application for the world of education in higher education is through Lecturers who teach the Pancasila course. The research method used is a qualitative description method. The instrument used in this study was direct observation in the field. Researchers in this qualitative research are lecturers in the Pancasila subject at STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau. Results and discussion, namely: 1) Character and Local Wisdom is a character as an Indonesian human being built through ethical values that come from local wisdom on elements of religion, state philosophy, and culture. Becoming a multicultural nation is a gift and continues to be an Indonesian man with noble character and character, 2) Character Education in the Pancasila Course for STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau Students, namely the campus as an educational institution is a place to develop themselves and also form good character. Through the Pancasila course, character education can be applied from this.It should also be explained that the Pancasila course must be taken as the essence of strengthening the character and local wisdom of the nation. The implementation of character education in Pancasila courses must also be applied in campus activities as well as in positive activities in the general public. Lecturers who teach Pancasila courses must be really able to practice the values contained in every material they teach. The application of character education will later leave an impression on students to become students who are smart, have broad insight, and have a love for the country and the nation. Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pendidikan karakter pada mata kuliah Pancasila Mahasiswa STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau. Bagaimana pendidikan karakter yang menyatu dalam proses pembelajaran yang terkandung didalam nilai-nilai Pancasila. Penerapanya bagi dunia pendidikan di perguruan tinggi melalui Dosen pengampu mata kuliah Pancasila. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskripsi kualitatif. Instrument yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa pengamatan secara langsung dilapangan. Peneliti dalam penelitian kualitatif ini adalah sebagai Dosen pengampu mata kuliah Pancasila di STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau. Hasil dan pembahasan, yaitu: 1) Karakter dan Kearifan Lokal adalah Karakter sebagai manusia Indonesia dibangun melalui nilai-nilai etika yang bersumber dari kearifan lokal atas unsur agama, filsafat negara, dan budaya. Menjadi sebuah bangsa yang multikulutural adalah sebuah anugerah dan tetap menjadi manusia Indonesia yang berkarakter dan berbudi pekerti yang luhur, 2) Pendidikan Karakter Pada Mata Kuliah Pancasila Mahasiswa STKIP PGRI Lubuklinggau, yaitu Kampus sebagai lembaga pendidikan merupakan tempat mengembangkan diri dan juga membentuk karakter yang baik. Melalui mata kuliah Pancasila, pendidikan karakter dapat diterapkan dari hal tersebut. Perlu juga dijelaskan bahwa mata kuliah Pancasila harus diambil inti sarinya sebagai penguatan karakter dan kearifan lokal bangsa. Penerapan pendidikan karakter mata kuliah Pancasila juga harus diaplikasikan dalam kegiatan-kegiatan kampus maupun kegiatan yang positif di lingkungan masyarakat umum. Dosen pengampu mata kuliah Pancasila harus benar-benar mampu mengamalkan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam setiap materi yang diajarkannya. Penerapan pendidikan karakter nantinya akan membekas dalam diri mahasiswa untuk menjadi mahasiswa yang cerdas, berwawasan luas, dan memiliki rasa cinta tanah air dan bangsa.
Leni Lutfiani, Asis Saefuddin, Dede Rohaniawati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 55-64; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.78

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the increase in student psychomotor learning outcomes in MIS Bangsal Ciamis Regency by using the simulation method. The approach used in this study is a qualitative and quantitative approach or mix method. This type of research is classroom action research. The research implementation design contained planning, implementation, observation and reflection. Data collection techniques used observation, interviews, performance tests, and documentation studies. The purpose of this study was to determine the psychomotor learning outcomes of students before using the simulation psychomotor learning outcomes of students after using the simulation method. Based on the results of research in the pre-cycle students' psychomotor learning outcomes were 39.13% with a very poor category, after using the simulation method the psychomotor learning outcomes of students in the first cycle were 52.17% in the very poor category, while in the second cycle students experienced the increase was in the medium category, namely 73.91%. From these data it can be concluded that by using the simulation method student learning outcomes have increased. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan hasil belajar psikomotor siswa di MIS Bangsal Kabupaten Ciamis dengan menggunakan metode simulasi. Pendekatan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif atau mix method. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas. Rancangan pelaksanaan penelitian terdapat perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, wawancara, tes unjuk kerja, dan studi dokumentasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hasil belajar psikomotor siswa sebelum menggunakan metode simulasi, proses pembelajaran mata pelajaran PJOK dengan menggunakan metode simulasi, dan hasil belajar psikomotor siswa setelah menggunakan metode simulasi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian pada pra siklus hasil belajar psikomotor siswa sebesar 39,13% dengan kategori sangat kurang, setelah menggunakan metode simulasi hasil belajar psikomotor siswa pada siklus I sebesar 52,17% dengan kategori sangat kurang, sedangkan pada siklus II hasil belajar psikomotor siswa mengalami peningkatan berada pada kategori sedang yaitu 73,91%. Dari data tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa dengan menggunakan metode simulasi hasil belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan.
Aditya Permadi,
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 308-318; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.126

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of student characteristics, design learning features, and learning outcomes on the effectiveness of blended learning. This research was conducted at a higher education institution in the city of Bandung, Indonesia. 376 The sampling method used was purposive sampling technique, in this case involving 376 students. The data analysis method used in this study was a multiple linear regression analysis. The findings of this study indicate that the design learning features and the learning outcomes can significantly influence the implementation of blended learning, while the student characteristics do not significantly influence. It shows that to increase the effectiveness of the implementation of blended learning, we need to maximize the design learning features. Besides, factors related to student motivation and satisfaction must also be considered. Thus, the effectiveness of implementing blended learning can be increased. Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh karakteristik siswa, desain fitur pembelajaran, dan hasil belajar terhadap keefektifan blended learning. Penelitian ini dilakukan di sebuah institusi pendidikan tinggi di kota Bandung, Indonesia. pengambilan 376 sampel yang digunakan dengan teknik purposive sampling, dalam hal ini melibatkan 376 mahasiswa. Metode analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi linier berganda. Temuan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa desain fitur pembelajaran dan hasil belajar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerapan blended learning, sedangkan karakteristik siswa tidak berpengaruh signifikan. Hal tersebut menunjukkan bahwa untuk meningkatkan keefektifan penerapan blended learning di pendidikan tinggi perlu memaksimalkan desain fitur pembelajaran. Selain itu faktor yang berhubungan dengan motivasi dan kepuasan mahasiswa juga harus diperhatikan. Dengan demikian efektivitas penerapan blended learning dapat ditingkatkan.
Afip Miftahul Basar
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 208-218; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.112

Abstract:
The learning process in schools during the Covid-19 pandemic had many problems to face. The Covid-19 pandemic that has hit the world, including Indonesia, requires taking a stand in preventing wider transmission, including the education sector. In this regard, the Ministry of Education and Culture has taken a firm stance through several circular letters relating to education policies in the emergency period of the spread of Covid-19. This paper examines the implementation of education policies during the Covid-19 pandemic related to distance learning policies. The distance learning process is a solution that is not yet optimal in its implementation. There are things that must be considered in this distance learning, among others, the quality of teacher resources must be improved, both in terms of content and methodology as well as in terms of the use of information technology. In addition, students are also less active in participating in this distance learning, both due to an unstable internet network and in terms of providing a limited internet quota. The purpose of writing this article is to study and understand the problems in learning activities during a pandemic, namely distance learning so that students can participate actively and interestingly. This study used a qualitative and observative approach. The results of this study prove that distance learning (PJJ) during the Covid-19 pandemic caused various responses and changes to the learning system that could affect the learning process and the level of development of students in responding to the material presented. Abstrak: Proses pembelajaran di sekolah pada masa pandemi Covid-19 mempunyai banyak permasalahan yang dihadapi. Pandemi Covid-19 yang melanda dunia termasuk Indonesia mengharuskan mengambil sikap dalam mencegah penularan yang lebih luas, termasuk sektor pendidikan. Berkaitan dengan hal tersebut Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan mengambil sikap tegas melalui beberapa surat edaran berkaitan tentang kebijakan pendidikan dalam masa darurat penyebaran Covid-19. Tulisan ini mengkaji pelaksanaan kebijakan pendidikan dalam masa pandemi Covid-19 berkaitan dengan kebijakan pembelajaran jarak jauh. Proses pembelajaran jarak jauh merupakan solusi yang dalam pelaksanaannya belum optimal secara keseluruhan. Ada hal yang harus diperhatikan dalam pembelajaran jarak jauh ini antara lain sumber daya guru harus ditingkatkan kualitasnya, baik dari segi konten maupun metodologi juga dalam hal pemanfaatan teknologi informasi. Selain itu, peserta didik juga kurang aktif dalam mengikuti pembelajaran jarak jauh ini, baik itu disebabkan jaringan internet yang kurang stabil maupun dari segi penyediaan kuota internet yang terbatas. Tujuan penulisan artikel ini untuk mempelajari dan memahami permasalahan dalam kegiatan pemebelajaran di masa pandemi yakni pembelajaran jarak jauh agar peserta didik bisa mengikutinya dengan aktif dan menarik. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan observatif. Hasil kajian ini membuktikan bahwa pembelajaran jarak jauh (PJJ) di masa pandemi covid-19 ini menimbulkan berbagai tanggapan dan perubahan pada sistem belajar yang dapat mempengaruhi proses pemebelajaran serta tingkat perkembangan peserta didik dalam merespon materi yang disampaikan.
Ernawati Ernawati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 153-161; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.104

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to learn the ability to read the first grade SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency Using the montessori method to help alphabet media and to learn of the significant effects of using the montessori method to help the alphabet to improve literacy skills of the first class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Marusu district maros. The type of research used is quasi-research With a design of the design non test control group. The method used was experimental. Research shows that students study results are being observed Of the mean posttest class experiments of 80.60%, whereas of the mean posttest control class of 72.20%. Control class gain index by 0.51. Test t shows value t (3.394)> tables (2.001) and sig value (2-tailed) 0.05 is 0.001 which means the Montessori method Partially covered in alphabet media Significantly the results of learning to read First class I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu in marusu district maros regency 2020/2021. Abstrak: Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros dengan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dan untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh signifikan penggunaan metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet dalam meningkatkan keterampilan membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-bulu Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Quasi-Experimental Research dengan desain Non Equivalent Kontrol Group Design. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode eksperimen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar siswa di lihat dari nilai mean posttest kelas eksperimen sebesar 80,60%, sedangkan mean posttest kelas control sebesar 72,20%. Indeks gain kelas eksperimen sebesar 0,63 sedangkan kelas control sebesar 0,51. Hasil uji t menunjukkan nilai thitung (3,394) > tabel (2,001) dan nilai Sig. (2-tailed) < 0,05 yaitu 0,001 yang artinya metode Montessori berbantuan media Movable Alphabet secara parsial berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil belajar membaca permulaan siswa kelas I SDN 57 Bulu-Bulu di Kecamatan Marusu Kabupaten Maros tahun ajaran 2020/2021.
Desy Wahyuningrum Mujiati, Suyitno Muslim, Rina Febriana
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 34-42; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.73

Abstract:
This research aims to describe the results of the need analysis in developing e-booklet for online marketing in the entrepreneurship subjects. Its need analysis refers to: (1) The great opportunity to become an entrepreneur in the Food & Beverage (F&B) Study Program because of the presence of online sales applications such as Gofood, Grabfood, and the Open PO sales system; (2) The problem of theoretical learning entrepreneurship;(3) The use of the needed media in practicing online marketing. This research uses surveys, observation, in depth interviews, and literature study methods in collecting data. The conducted survey involving 47 alumni of SMK Tata Boga. It showed 96% of them stated that attractive product images can attract consumers; 94% agreed that creating attractive drawings is part of entrepreneurship lessons. The literature study found the book of marketing material is so theoretical. The results on observing the students in class XI and interviewing the entrepreneurship teachers at SMK 1 Tambun Selatan found that: 1) The offline marketing methods are still taught; 2) There is an absence of interactive learning media to make online advertising on product marketing in entrepreneurship subjects. In conclusion, this study emphasizes the needs of interactive learning media in the students’ learning activities. Thus, the findings in this research is beneficial in developing e-booklet as online advertising marketing media in the entrepreneuship education. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan hasil analisis kebutuhan untuk pengembangan media pembelajaran e-booklet pemasaran online di mata pelajaran kewirausahaan. Dalam penelitian ini, analisis kebutuhan mengacu pada: (1) Kesempatan besar menjadi wirausaha pada prodi Tata Boga karena hadirnya teknologi aplikasi penjualan online seperti Gofood, Grab food, dan sistem penjualan Open PO; (2) Masalah pembelajaran kewirausahaan yang bersifat teori; (3) Media yang dibutuhkan dalam praktek pemasaran online. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei, observasi, wawancara dan studi literatur dalam mengumpulkan data. Hasil survey yang dilakukan terhadap alumni SMK Tata Boga yaitu 96% menyatakan gambar produk menarik bisa menarik minat konsumen; 94% setuju bahwa membuat gambar yang menarik adalah bagian dari pelajaran kewirausahaan. Hasil studi literatur buku yang digunakan materi pemasaran bersifat teoritik. Hasil pengamatan pada siswa kelas XI Prodi Tata Boga dan wawancara guru kewirausahaan di SMKN 1 Tambun Selatan ditemukan bahwa: 1) Guru masih mengajarkan metode pemasaran Offline; 2) Belum ada media pembelajaran interaktif untuk membuat iklan online pada pemasaran produk di mata pelajaran kewirausahan. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa siswa memerlukan media pembelajaran interaktif dalam kegiatan pembelajaran. Dengan demikian, penelitian ini digunakan dalam mengembangkan media e-booklet pemasaran iklan online pada mata pelajaran kewirausaaahan.
Alfiani Fernita Sari, Yulia Ayriza
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 189-199; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.113

Abstract:
There are varoius techniques in the counseling approach which are implemented according to the counselee's problem. One of the popular counseling techniques in the behavioral approach is called the behavioral contract. The purpose of this study was to develop a group counseling stage design of the behavioral contract technique to solve the student's academic procrastination problem. Development of the group counseling stage design of the behavioral contract technique used the Borg and Gall development model. The development of the design consist of three stages which begins with the need asessment stage, the product development planning stage, and the initial product development stage. The data collection technique was conducted by interviewing 5 counseling teachers from different schools. Product validation was carried out with expert counseling expert judgment with 3 revisions. The result was the design of the behavioral contract technique group counseling stage can be applied in counseling service in schools that was consisting of 3 stages, namely: the beginning stage, the working stage, and the terminating stage. Each stage of the group counseling contains activity steps that should be done. Design of group counseling with behavioral contract technique is compiled for 8 meetings with a duration of 45 minutes per meeting. This research is only up to the third stages, namely developing the initial product. Therefore, the next step in this research will be further developed and published in another article. Abstrak: Teknik dalam pendekatan konseling sangat bermacam-macam yang dapat digunakan sesuai dengan masalah konseli. Salah satu teknik konseling dalam pendekatan behavior yaitu teknik behavioral contract. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan rancangan tahapan konseling kelompok teknik behavioral contract untuk mengatasi masalah prokrastinasi akademik siswa. Pengembangan rancangan konseling kelompok teknik behavioral contract menggunakan model pengembangan Borg and Gall. Pengembangan produk rancangan ini terdiri dari 3 tahapan, diawali dari tahap asesmen kebutuhan, tahap perencanaan mengembangkan produk, dan tahap mengembangkan produk awal. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara kepada 5 orang guru bimbingan konseling yang berbeda sekolah. Validasi produk dilakukan dengan expert judgement ahli konseling sebanyak 3 kali revisi. Hasilnya adalah rancangan tahapan konseling kelompok dengan teknik behavioral contract dapat diaplikasikan dalam layanan konseling di sekolah yang terdiri dari 3 stage/tahap, yaitu: beginning stage, working stage, dan terminating stage. Setiap tahapan konseling kelompok terdapat langkah-langkah kegiatan yang harus diselesaikan. Rancangan tahapan konseling kelompok teknik behavioral contract disusun untuk 8 pertemuan dengan durasi watu 45 menit setiap pertemuan. Penelitian ini hanya sampai tahap ketiga yaitu mengembangkan produk awal. Oleh karena itu langkah berikutnya pada penelitian ini akan dikembangkan lebih lanjut dan dipublikasikan pada artikel lain.
Dian Herdiana, Rana Rudiana, Supriatna Supriatna
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 293-307; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.128

Abstract:
This article is aimed at discussing college student's burnout in taking online lectures during the Covid-19 pandemic, the study focuses on two factors, namely: factors that cause college students being burnout and learning strategies that can be implemented to solve the college students burnout. The research method used a descriptive method with a qualitative approach, data sources consisted of primary data in the form of interviews with STIA Cimahi students and lecturers, and secondary data sources. The results of the study revealed that student burnout is caused by internal factors that come from himself, such as the unfamiliarity of online learning systems and external factors, such as the monotony of lecturers in delivering material. Therefore, in solving these problems, the researchers found several strategies that needed to be prepared by lecturers, namely changing online learning methods that would be more flexible, changing learning materials by accommodating contextual issues, and expanding learning media by utilizing social networks. Abstrak: Artikel ini ditujukan untuk mengkaji kejenuhan mahasiswa dalam mengikuti perkuliahan daring di masa pandemi Covid-19, kajian difokuskan kepada dua faktor, yaitu: faktor yang menyebabkan mahasiswa jenuh dan strategi pembelajaran guna menanggulangi kejenuhan mahasiswa. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif, sumber data terdiri dari hasil wawancara dengan mahasiswa dan dosen STIA Cimahi dan data sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukan kejenuhan mahasiswa disebabkan oleh faktor internal yang berasal dari dirinya sendiri seperti tidak terbiasanya belajar dengan sistem daring dan faktor eksternal, seperti monotonnya dosen dalam menyampaikan materi. Oleh karena itu, dalam mengatasi berbagai permasalahan yang ada, maka peneliti menemukan beberapa strategi yang perlu dipersiapkan oleh dosen, yakni mengubah metode pembelajaran daring yang lebih fleksibel, mengubah materi pembelajaran dengan mengakomodasi isu-isu kontekstual, serta memperluas media pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan jejaring sosial.
Mulyani Setyaningsih, Ahmad Fikri Sabiq
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 10-22; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.72

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the implementation of Islamic education based on religious and honest character in full day school. This research is a field research with a qualitative approach. The data collection techniques are interview, observation, and documentation. This research is located at SD Plus Tahfizhul Quran (PTQ) Annida Salatiga and the respondens are the principal, teachers, and parents of students. The analysis in this research is descriptive. The policy of strengthening the religious character and honest attitude of SD PTQ Annida Salatiga students is planned in a structured manner through planning programs and work programs. Religious and honest character is by carrying out the values ​​contained in religious characters such as praying, praying, reading the Al-Qur'an and fasting. Strengthening the character of an honest attitude, namely muroja'ah book reports, children's prayer book reports, honesty not bringing pocket money, and pickets according to schedule. Implementation of this honest and religious character education program through intracurricular, co-curricular and extracurricular activities. These character education programs have positive results as same with parents' expectations Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui praktik pendidikan agama Islam berbasis penguatan karakter religius dan jujur di lingkungan full day school. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan peneliti adalah wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini berlokasi di SD Plus Tahfizhul Quran (PTQ) Annida Salatiga dengan narasumber adalah kepala sekolah, guru, dan orang tua siswa. Analisis dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif. Kebijakan penguatan karakter religius dan sikap jujur siswa SD PTQ Annida Salatiga direncanakan secara terstruktur melalui program perencanaan dan program kerja. Penguatan karakter religius dan jujur adalah dengan melaksanakan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam karakter religius seperti berdoa, ibadah sholat, membaca Al-Qur’an dan ibadah puasa. Penguatan karakter sikap jujur yaitu laporan buku muroja’ah, laporan buku sholat anak, kejujuran tidak membawa uang saku, dan piket sesuai jadwal. Pelaksaan program penguatan karakter religius dan jujur ini melalui kegiatan intrakurikuler, kokurikuler dan ekstrakurikuler. Program-program penguatan karakter ini memiliki hasil positif sesuai harapan orang tua.
Maria Floriana Serlin, Zaenab Jamaludin
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 240-248; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.98

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the ability to understand oral discourse in interactive dialogue using recording media in class VII students of SMPS Muhammadiyah Ende, Ende Utara District, Ende Regency in the 2019/2020 academic year. The specific purpose of this writing is that researchers know the ability to understand oral discourse in interactive dialogue using recording media in class VII students of private SMP Muhammadiyah Ende, Ende Utara District, Ende Regency. The approach used in this research is a quantitative approach. Data were collected using the instrument test method. Data collection techniques using test techniques. The theory used by the writer is listening skill theory and learning evaluation theory.The results of the data analysis show that students can understand oral discourse in interactive dialogue using recorded media. Their ability is classified as good with the average value obtained is 76.96%. Students who are able to get a value of> 75 with a percentage of 84.31% with a good predicate and students who are unable to get a value of 75 dengan persentase 84,31% dengan predikat baik dan siswa yang tidak mampu memperoleh nilai < 75 dengan persentase 15,69% dengan predikat cukup.
Rosa Dalima Bunga, Hawiah Djumadin, Maria Magdalena Rini
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.62

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the structure of the poem "Autumn" by John Dami Mukese which consists of physical and inner structures and their relevance to the study of literature in high school. This study uses a qualitative approach with qualitative descriptive methods. The data in this study are in the form of words that contain physical and inner structure in the poem "Autumn" by John Dami Mukese. The data source is a collection of books "Jelata Poel Jelata" by John Dami Mukese. Data collection procedures in this study are reading, identifying, modifying, and classifying in accordance with the focus of the study. Data analysis uses in-depth understanding techniques. Checking the validity of the data is done through triangulation techniques. The results of the poem builder research structure consisting of physical structures in the form of: connotative and denotative diction; visual imaging; concrete words; style of personification and repetition; rhyme; and typography. The inner structure of themes; feeling (taste); tone; and mandate. The structure of the builders of "Autumn" poetry by John Dami Mukese can be used as teaching material in the study of literature in high school specifically at KD 3.17 analyzing the elements of poetry builders. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan struktur puisi “Musim Gugur” karya John Dami Mukese yang terdiri atas struktur fisik dan struktur batin dan relevansinya dengan pembelajaran sastra di SMA. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Data dalam penelitian ini berupa kata-kata yang mengandung struktur fisik dan batin dalam puisi “Musim Gugur” karya John Dami Mukese. Sumber data adalah buku kumpulan “Puisi-Puisi Jelata” karya John Dami Mukese. Prosedur pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini adalah membaca, mengidentifikasi, mengodifikasi, dan mengklasifikasikan sesuai dengan fokus penelitian. Analisis data menggunakan teknik pemahaman arti secara mendalam. Pengecekan keabsahan data dilakukan melalui teknik triangulasi. Hasil penelitian struktur pembangun puisi yang terdiri atas struktur fisik berupa: diksi konotatif dan denotatif; pengimajian visual; kata konkret; gaya bahasa personifikasi dan repetisi; rima; dan tipografi. Struktur batin berupa tema; feeling (rasa); nada; dan amanat. Struktur pembangun puisi “Musim Gugur” karya John Dami Mukese dapat digunakan sebagai bahan ajar dalam pembelajaran sastra di SMA secara khusus pada KD 3.17 menganalisis unsur pembangun puisi.
Ida Ayu Hani Erlina, Rahmad Rafid
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 178-188; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.99

Abstract:
This study aims to examine teacher strategies in implementing distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method used a descriptive qualitative approach to the type of case study research and used a phenomenological paradigm. Because seeing the current pandemic conditions that are still ongoing. So, the data collection technique in this study was carried out online through a questionnaire distributed via google form, by asking several questions related to the problem to be studied. Then, for informants in this study were some school teachers from several regions in Java and Lampung and from three levels of education units, namely SD, SMP, and SMA. The data analysis used in this research is descriptive analysis which aims as a tool to map data and reveal the meaning behind the data that has been obtained. The results showed that the distance learning strategies used by teachers during the pandemic were predominantly effective and smooth. However, there were several obstacles that were found during the learning process, such as poor network connections and a lack of student motivation to take part in distance learning. Therefore, there is a need for effective self-development of teachers on an ongoing basis to improve competence. The role of government through policies made is also very important as a forum for increasing human resources Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji strategi guru dalam pelaksanaan pembelajaran jarak jauh selama masa pandemi COVID-19. Metode Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif dengan jenis penelitian studi kasus dan menggunakan paradigma fenomenologi. Karena melihat kondisi pandemi yang sekarang ini masih berlangsung. Maka, teknik pengambilan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan secara online melalui kuesioner yang disebarkan melalui google form, dengan mengajukan beberapa pertanyaan terkait dengan masalah yang akan diteliti. Kemudian, untuk informan dalam penelitian ini adalah beberapa guru sekolah dari beberapa daerah yang berada di Pulau Jawa dan Lampung dan dari tiga tingkat satuan pendidikan yaitu SD, SMP, dan SMA. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif yang bertujuan sebagai alat untuk memetakan data dan mengungkap makna dibalik data yang telah didapatkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa strategi pembelajaran jarak jauh yang digunakan oleh guru selama masa pandemi secara dominan berjalan efektif dan lancar. Tetapi, ada beberapa kendala yang ditemukan selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung seperti koneksi jaringan yang kurang baik serta kurangnya motivasi siswa dalam mengikuti pembelajaran jarak jauh. Oleh karena itu, perlu adanya pengembangan diri secara efektif pada guru secara berkelanjutan untuk meningkatkan kompetensi. Peran pemerintah melalui kebijakan yang dibuat juga sangat penting sebagai wadah dalam meningkatkan sumber daya manusia.
Mispandi Mispandi, Ani Widayati
Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, Volume 2, pp 113-124; https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i1.97

Abstract:
This study aims to find out how the implementation of sociocultural education in the face of the industrial revolution era 4.0 in the Aliyah NW Pancor Madrasah. This study uses qualitative research with trigulation data collection techniques (a combination of observation, interviews, and documentation). Data analysis uses descriptive analysis. The results showed that the Sociocultural Values ​​in the Aliyah NW Pancor Madrasah were implemented in learning activities, both intracuricular and extracurricular activities. In intracuricurer activities, sociocultural values ​​are used as an approach by teachers by implementing sociocultural-based learning systems, while in extracurricular activities, these values ​​are inserted in the form of Islamic arts and culture. Sociocultural education creates a harmonious relationship between madrasa residents, both teachers, students, madrasah stap and gives birth to values ​​of tolerance and culture, such as respecting cultural differences and regional languages. the results of the study also showed that education carried out at the Aliyah NW Pancor Madrasah, at least touched three dimensions namely, the spiritual dimension of the culture and local languages, the social dimension between the madrasa residents, and the professional dimension. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana implementasi pendidikan sosiokultural dalam menghadapi era revolusi industri 4.0 di Madrasah Aliyah NW Pancor. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data secara trigulasi (gabungan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi). Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Nilai-Nilai sosiokultural di Madrasah Aliyah NW Pancor yang diimplementasikan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, baik kegiatan intrakurikuler maupun ekstrakurikuler. Dalam kegiatan intrakurikurer, nilai sosiokultural digunakan sebagai pendekatan oleh guru dengan mengimplementasikan sistem pembelajaran berbasis sosiokultural, sedangkan dalam kegiatan ekstrakurikuler, nilai tersebut disisipkan dalam bentuk kesenian islam, dan budaya. Pendidikan sosiokultural menciptakan hubungan harmoni antar warga madrasah, baik guru, siswa, stap madrasah dan melahirkan nilai toleransi dan budaya, seperti menghargai perbedaan budaya dan bahasa daerah. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan yang dijalankan di Madrasah Aliyah NW Pancor, setidaknya telah menyentuh tiga dimensi yaitu, dimensi spiritual budaya dan bahasa daerah, dimensi sosial antar warga madrasah, dan dimensi professional.
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