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Results in Journal Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman: 21

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Tabita Naomi Ralahalu, C. Ch. E. Latupeirissa, Max A. Tukalpaly
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 39-43; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.39-43

Abstract:
To produce optimum carcass weight, broiler need an adequate ration which meet their nutrients requirement. This result in high feed cost which in turn increase cost of production. Therefore it is important to solve the problem by using non-conventional feedstuff such as agriculture by product or other ingredients. The aims of this study were : 1). To examine the effect of giving coconut milky juice and brown sugar water as drinking water on carcass weight and (2). To use by product of coconut milky juice as drinking water. Experimental design used was complete randomized design, with three treatments and five replications. Each replication consists of six chicken. The treatments were P0 (ration + plain water), P1 (ration + coconut milky juice (mature)) and P2 (ration + brown sugar water). Variables measured were: voluntary feed and drinking water intakes, carcass weight and percentage. Ration offered was commercial ration BR I produced by P.T Panca Patriot Prima Sidoarja. Chemical compositions of the ration were water content 12 %, minimum crude protein 21%, minimum crude lipid 6%, maximum crude fiber 5%, energy 3065 kcal/kg, ash 6,5%, calcium 0.9 -1.1%, phospor 0.7 - 0.9%, antibiotic bacitracin Methylene, Disalcylate, Coccodistat Monensin. 90 DOC broilers strain CP 707 were used. An adaptation period of 7 days allowed the animals to accustom to feed given and drinking water, and followed by 5 weeks measurement period. During the experiment the animals were fed twice daily at 07.00 and 16.00 h. The animal had free access to drinking water. The amount of drinking water and feed given was recorded daily. Drinking water and feed refusals were weighed every morning before the next feeding. Parameters measured were water and feed intakes, live and carcass weight, and carcass percentage. Drinking water and feed intakes were determined by subtracting water and feed refusal from water and feed offered. Slaughtered weight were determined by weighing live animals after 10 hours fasting. Carcass weight was determined by subtracting non carcass weight from slaughtered weight. Analyses of variance were done using the General Linear Model (GLM). Least squares means and standard error were produced. Main effects were detected using LSD. Voluntary intakes were 1805.69 g, 1799.14 g, and 1806.66 g for P0, P1 and P2 respectively. The result shows that the treatments does not affect voluntary intake significantly (P > 0.05). However, broilers drank more (P < 0.05) coconut milky juice (mature) (P1/10287.2 ml), than plain water (P0/9118.8 ml) or water contains brown sugar (P2/9081.8 ml). Slaughter and carcass weight of broilers are 1701.33 g,1849.40 g, 1847.27 g and 1263.87 g, 1386.00, 1379.90, for P0, P1 and P2 respectively. Statistical analysis show significant differences (P < 0.05) in slaughter and carcass weight among the treatments in which those parameters are higher for broilers received P1 and P2 than that of P0. Carcass percentage is the ratio of slaughter and carcass weight, which are 74.27%, 74.93 and 74.71 for P0, P1 and P2, respectively. No differences in carcass percentage were obtained (P > 0.05) among the treatments. In conclusion, the present study has shown that giving 1 % brown sugar in drinking water and coconut milky juice (mature) as drinking water has no significant effect on voluntary intake and carcass percentage. However, giving brown sugar water and coconut milky juice (mature) affect drinking water consumption, slaughter and carcass weight.
Adolf Heatubun, Michel J. Matatula, Marcus Veerman
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 17-23; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.17-23

Abstract:
Egg production activities require the ability of Farmers or Farm company managers to control the amount of production produced, given the amount of production produced is a function of the inputs used. Each type of input has a certain capacity that is contributed at the level of production. Inaccuracy in controlling the production function can cause the production level to be not optimal, the use of the number of inputs is not optimal and inefficient. This study aims to analyze the egg production capacity produced related to the use of animal feed inputs. The study was conducted at the laying hens company UD. Fitra Abadi, and data were collected during October 2018. The sample used was one cage block with 2,100 hens laying hens. The results showed the capacity of laying hens as a permanent input on the U.D. Fitra Abadi is still low, namely production is only 26.19%. The shop food, corn feed, and bran feed are positively related to egg production. But statistically only shop food that significantly affect egg production, while the other two feeds are not significant. The capacity of the three inputs used is smaller than one (inelastic), but the capacity of shop food is greater than the other two feeds. The company needs to reduce the feeding of corn and bran and to prioritize giving full shop food to get the maximum amount of production.
C. Ch. E. Latupeirissa, Bercomien J. Papilaya, Richo P. Lelloltery
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 33-38; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.33-38

Abstract:
The objective of the present study was to examined the chewing behaviour of Moa buffalo fed on local forages. The experiment was analysed as Latin square 4 x 4, four treatments and four replicates. The treatments were A (combination of graas and aulumadam), B (grass and knumge, C (grass and weru leaves) and D (grass).Variables measured were chewing during eating (intake rate, chewing rate and efficiency) and chewing during rumination (ruminating rate, time spent ruminating per bolus, rumination efficiency, and regurgitation rate). The result show that intake rate was 31.78, 30.52, 31.99, 32.14 gram/minutes for treatmen A, B, C and D, respectively. Chewing rate (no.of chew/minutes) for A, B, C and D was 50.81, 53.95, 56.50, and 55,67, reapectively, and chewing efficiency (no.of chews/dry weight) was 0.23, 0.31, 0.21, and 0.35 for A, B, C, and D, respectively. Ruminating rate (no of bolus/minutes) was 1.16, 1.06, 1.26, and 1.34 for A. B, C and D, respectively. Ruminating efficiency (no. of chews/bolus) for A, B, C, and D was 37.70, 43.68, 36.48 and 36.24, respectively. Time spent ruminating per bolus was 1.14, 0.96, 0.82. and 0.75 minutes for A, B, C, and D, respectivly, and regurgitation rate (minutes) was 0.16, 0.89, 1.46, and 0.44 for A, B, C, and D, respectively. It can be concluded than Moa buffalo consume all forages with similar rate and efficiency, while chewing rate differ among the the treatments. Chewing rumination is similar among all forages.
Meky Sagrim, Deny A. Iyai, Stepanus Pakage, Rudolf Tukayo
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.1-10

Abstract:
Tambrauw Regency is obliged to safeguard the policies of the central government, especially in food self-sufficiency efforts. Determine locations that have land suitability specifications for soybeans and analyze farming agribusiness as an important factor in agricultural development. The research activity was carried out in Kebar District and Senopi District. Peanut farmers are the focus of research, with the consideration that peanuts and soybeans are a family (leguminoseae). At this stage, the study of the characteristics and specifications of the Kebar District and Senopi District areas as potential areas for the development of soybean commodities was carried out. The study of the shape, pattern, type and pattern of farming, as well as the use of agricultural production facilities by the farming community is carriedout. Data and information from various branches of farming were held with community discussions in the form of FGD. Data analyzed descriptively. The results showed low availability of potassium in flat areas and forests and acidic soil pH in flat-savanna regions. The hindering area is the slope, and flat areas only lack potassium. Potential food crops to be developed are upland rice plants and yams. The results of evaluation of land suitability for horticultural plants (Peanuts, Mustard, Tomatoes and Chillies) show "quite suitable" to "according to the margins". The farming production of Kebar was dominated by agricultural commodities and provides enough income for the household economy.
Dellen N. Matulessy, Yuni Erwanto, Nurliani Nurliani, Edy Suryanto
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 24-32; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.24-32

Abstract:
This study aims was to evaluate the characteristics of the gelatine derivate from Kacang goat bone extracted enzymatically using neutrase at different enzyme concentrations. The neutrase treatments, namely GTK-N0 (gelatin with neutrase 0%), GTK-N1 (Gelatin with 0.25% neutrase), GTK-N2 (Gelatin with neutrase 0.5%) and GTK-N3 (Gelatin with neutrase 0,75%). The bones sample used the bones from local Kacang goat aged 6 to 12 months. The study used was a randomized complete design (Oneway ANOVA) with 4 enzyme concentration treatments with 5 replications each treatment. The parameters observed were gelatin yields, the proximate analysis was performed on goat bones and gelatin (water content, ash, fat, and crude protein), pH, gel strength, viscosity, and functional groups of gelatin FTIR. The results showed that the application of the neutrase enzyme at the 0.25% level had the significant effect on the characteristics of the gelatin produced. The conclusion of this study neutrase can be used for enzymatically extracting gelatin from the bones of local Kacang goat and produced the gelatin characteristics that can be used for food applications.
Jusak Labetubun, I. P. Siwa, Ferdenanda Reressy
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 11-16; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.11-16

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effective time during the luteal phase in the synchronization of lust using, PGF2α on kacang goat. A total of nine simple 1.5-year-old goat-bean goats were randomly grouped into three treatments at the time of injection in the respective luteal phase; injection of the 6th day after the first injection as P1, injection of the 8th day as P2 and Injection of the 10th day as P3. The research variables are the time of the onset of estrus (onset estrus), signs of estrus and pregnancy rate. The results of the study were tabulated and analyzed statistically using a completely randomized directional design in the MINITAB Version 14. The results of the study concluded that the treatment factor was significantly different (P
Demianus F. Souhoka, Astri D. Tagueha, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 44-50; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.44-50

Abstract:
The objectives of this research was to investigate the incidence of pregnant cows slaughtered and to explore incidence level of foetal wastage at the abattoirs in Ambon town. Data collection were held at the abattoirs from 6 to 27 october 2018. The notion of the research was a case study investigation. The variables were number of cattle slaughtered, characteristics of cows slaughtered [number, body weight an origin], and characteristics of foetal wastage [number, sex, body weight and body length]. Data were descriptively analyzed and the graphically presented. T test was also used to compare body measures of fetuses based on its sex. The results showed that incidence of pregnant cows slaughtered was 34% which is higher than the tolerance limit 12%. There were 53 fetuses found consisted of 30 females and 23 males. Average fetuses weight was 2160.17 grams and 32.68 cm body length.
Ch. Leiwakabessy, Yatni Yatni, C. Uruilal, R. E. Ririhena, F. J. Rumalatu
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 48-52; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.48-52

Abstract:
Endophytic bacteria is microbe lives in plant tissues without causing symptoms of disease. The benefit of utilizing endophytic bacteria as a technique for controlling diseases such as sprout (R. solani) has been known due to its ability to live and to colonize plant internal tissues. This study aims to determine the ability of endophytic bacteria from sago to suppress the growth of R. solani in vitro. This research was conducted using 19 isolates of endophytic bacteria from sago with 5 replications. The results showed that two endophytic isolates namely STA2 and STA13 were able to suppress the growth of R. solani pathogens compared to controls with inhibition percentage of 41.86% and 16.27%, respectively.
M. Luhukay, R. G. Risamasu, R. Tomasoa
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 64-68; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.64-68

Abstract:
Food was a fundamental necessity for human survival and at the same time for the integrity of a nation so that its existence must be available at all times and its fulfillment must be fulfilled. For rural people in Maluku, food security depends largely on local foodstuffs such as sago, tubers, bananas, corn, breadfruit and others. Local food resources available in most region in Maluku in particular sago, if managed properly can supportstrengthen the needs of household and local food reserves and in turn reduce dependency on rice. This research aims to identify the potential of sago as well as determine the patterns and levels of public consumption against sago as local food. The research was conducted in East Saparua district land Tuhaha with survey methods and structured interviews. The results of the research found 167 haof sago plantation available in Tuhaha. At least 24 tree/Ha mature sago tree stands (MT) which produced484kgs raw starch per tree or 1122 tons dried sago starch. The percentage of local food consumption respectively was 15%sago, 27% combination of sago, tubers and banana, 32%combination of sago, tubers, banana and rice amounted, and 26% purely rice.
Wiesje M. Horhoruw, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 53-58; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.53-58

Abstract:
The aim of the research was to know effect of palm sugar and curcumma as feed addtive on slaughtering weight, carcass, giblet, and abdominal fat weight of broiler. Total of 90 tail of broiler (COBB strain) with DOC weight rate was 37 g used as experimentas materials rearing in 38 days. This research used analysis of varianve method of complete random design with 3 treatments and 5 replication was observed, there was P0 = without feed additive, P1 = using feed additive (palm sugar 2 % and 10 g of curcumma), dan P2 = using feed additive (palm sugar 2 % and 20 g of curcumma). The results showed that there was no significance effect of palm sugar and curcumma as feed addtive on slaughtering weight, carcass, giblet, and abdominal fat weight of broiler.
Isye Jean Liur, Astri Dwiyanti Tagueha
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 59-63; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.59-63

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to known sensory quality of meat (carcass) and bakso from four strain of native chicken whose receive fermented herbs. This study used four treatments (G1 – Native, G2 – Bangkok, G3 – KUB, G4 – Bangkok Hybrid) and three replications, each of them was observed by 20 panelists. During three months of observation, each treatment received same dosage and frequency of fermented herbs and also the number of commercial feed. The results showed that : (1) the sensory quality of meat (carcass) revealed the differences in colour and acceptability but not in flavor and texture, and (2) the sensory quality of bakso revealed the differences only in colour, yet its absent in flavor, texture, and tenderness.
Dominggus De Lima, J. S. A. Lamerkabel, Inggrid Welerubun
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 77-82; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.77-82

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to determine the kinds of pollen producer plants, its population density and the number of cells contained bee bread (pollen) at bee nest. The observed variables were kinds of plants in general and its density, pollen producer plants, number of cells contained bee breed (pollen). Method used was survey techniques which conducted in four bee farms. The farms were naturally rich of some flowering plants such as Cambodia, asoka, bougainville; and some horticulture plants such as coconut Cocos mufifera), nutmeg (Myristisca frogranas houtt), palm (Arenga pinnata) ,cacao (Theobroma cacao), clove (Syzygiumaromatioum); some fruits plants such as guava(Psidium guajava), nut guava(Arnacidium occidentale), ambutan(Nephelium lappaceum), mango(mangifera indica), banana(Musa paradisiacal), langsat(Lansium domesticium). From the four bee farms chosen, there was revealed that Dusun Kawatu has the highest plant density, followed by respectively Negeri Hatusua, Negeri Waehatu and Negeri Kamarian. Also, Dusun Kawatu has more pollen producer plant varieties in comparison to the other three Negeri/ Dusun(s). However, bee farm in Negeri Kamarian has more number of cell contained pollen than other farms; followed respectively by bee farms in Negeri hatusua, Dusun Kawatu and Negeri Waehatu.
Ch. W. Patty
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 83-87; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.83-87

Abstract:
King grass is parenenial plant that grow slower then elephant grass. The growth and development of the plant breed effected by development of the clone so that some efforts must be taken to stimulate germinative development of king grass. The research purposed to know how for the level of IBA consentration and immersion period of the slip of plant has an effect toward the growth of germination of king grass. Complete randomizet design of factorial type 3 x 3 and Duncan’s multiple range test, were used in the experiment. The treatments were used in the eksperiment: K1 (100 ppm of concentration), K2 (200 ppm of concentration), K3 (300 ppm of concentration), W1 (one hours of immersion period), W2 (two hours of immersion period), W3 (Three hours of immersion period). The result of this research showed that amount the treatments gave significant effect to the percentation of buds, number of buds, height of plant, number of roots, length of root. Nevertheless, there was an inccclination that the more the height of consentration level was given, the result would better than the research. It can be concluded that the level of IBA consentration and immersion period had a positive effect influences which from the average result obtained K3W3 gave the heighest percentation of buds appear, number of buds, height of plant and length of roots. While persentation of buds to appear, number of buds, height of buds and the lowest roots length founded in K1W1.
Insun Sangadji
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 69-76; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.69-76

Abstract:
Improving local feedstuff which is abundantly available in Maluku Province suh as sago (Metroxylon rumphii) by-product to be a nutritional feedstuff for live is an innovative way to address the scarcity of nutritious feed for livestock in Maluku. The purpose of this research was arranged into a complete randomized design with four treatments: control (no fermentation), before harvest (after full mycelium), the first harvest, and the second harvest. Each treatment was replicated triple. Least square test was applied to determine the statistical differences among the treatmenst. The observed variables were dry matter, crude protein, Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) and lignin. The result showed that there were significant differences (P
Rajab Rajab, Bercomien Juliet Papilaya
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.1-5

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to know both the population structure and the inbreeding rate per generation of native fowl in Teluk Ambon District Ambon Regency. This study was conducted by using survey method with purposive random sampling of 60 farmers/breeders from Tawiri, Hatiwe Besar and Wayame villages. The variables observed were the number of adult male chicks (Nm), number of adult female chicks (Nf), number of young male and young female chicks, actual population size (Na), effective population size (Ne), and the rate of inbreeding per generation (ΔF). The results showed that structure population of the domectic fowl in Teluk Ambon district include the number of adult male chicks 558 tail (8,17 %), young male chicks 1031 tail (15,10 %), male of DOC 1486 tail (21,76 %), whereas the number of female were 1451 tail (21,25 %), 1176 tail (17,22 %), and 1126 tail (16,49 %) respectively for adult, young and DOC. Actual population size of domestic fowl was 2009 tail and the size of population effective was 1612 tail. The rate of inbreeding per generation was 0.000310 %.
Navly Comilo Tiven, Marcus Veerman, Hartina Pembuain
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 14-19; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.14-19

Abstract:
This study aims was to determine the effect of different types of poultry meat on organoleptics quality of abon. As much as 500 grams of breast meat from three types of poultry (Arabian chicken, Manila duck and pigeon) are made into abon. Boiled meat, torn to lenght, mixed evenly with spices then boiled until cooked. Add the coconut milk, cooked on low fire while stirred until the coconut milk dries, then fries using oil over low fire for 10-15 minutes, then drained to remove the oil. The abon is served in 3 different places, then tested organoleptic (color, aroma, texture, taste and preference) by 15 untrained panelists. The data obtained were analyzed by variance for complete randomized design. The results showed that the use of different poultry meat had a significant on color (P
Adolf Heatubun, Michel J Matatula, Marcus Veerman, Heriyanus Jesayas
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 34-41; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.34-41

Abstract:
The technical managerial ability to produce eggs from farmers and farm company managers is an indicator of how well businesses organize successful production and business activities. This study aims to determine the technical indicators of production efficiency in the laying hens company UD. Fitra Abadi. The study used a survey method, the location was selected purposively, and the study lasted 31 days in October 2018. The sample used was one cage block with 2,100 hens laying hens. The results showed the laying hens, UD. Fitra Abadi applies a technology package that is lower in capacity by mixing shop food (35%), corn feed (45%), and bran feed (20%). Egg production produced an average of 1,738 eggs per day (82.76% of 2,100 chickens) is below the best capacity of the peak egg-laying period of 95%. Technical indicators of production show the average production of eggs per kg of food 6.43 eggs, marginal production of -0.3 eggs, and elasticity of -0.047. The efficiency of the company's production becomes negative, and the company operates in a loss phase.
Dominggus De Lima, Lily Joris
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 42-47; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.42-47

Abstract:
The objective of the research was to determine the effects of different compost application on the early growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The research was conducted at educational field of Animal Husbandry section of Agriculture Faculty Pattimura University. The measurements were number of buds, lesf wide, leaf length and plant height. The research was arranged into Complete Randomized Design with three treatments and five replication. The results showed that there was a highly significant difference on number of buds, leaf length, plant height and leaf wide. It was concluded that the application of 20 tones/ha goat compost produced good effect on early growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum).
Insun Sangadji, Ch W Patty, Jerry F Salamena
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 20-25; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.20-25

Abstract:
The aim of this experiment was to determine crude fiber content of sago by product fermented with White Root fungi and urea. The treatments were imposed in a Randomized Complete Design with three replications. The treatments were ration with: medium without White Root fungi and urea (R0), medium with White Root fungi (R1), medium with White Root fungi and 0,25% urea (R2), medium with White Root fungi and 0,50% urea (R3). Parameters measured were NDF, ADF, and lignin. The results showed that all components of crude fiber decreased during fermentation periods with White Root fungi (Pleurotus ostreatus) and urea. The average NDF content of fermented sago-by products were 57,27%, 51,25%, 52,37%, and 50,94% for R0, R1, R2, and R3, repectively. There was significant differences between R1, R2. R3 and R0 (P
Ery Atmojo, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 26-33; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.26-33

Abstract:
Besides using area approach, pre-eminent product development such as coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) commodities in North Misool also need apply value chain approach. The aim of this research were to know both value chain and the strategic value of coconut product as main agriculture commodity in North Misool. Primary data collecting technique was conducted by means of structural semi interview method for man to man of respondent ar by using focus group discussion. Data type collected in this study was classified to primary and secondary data. Primary data obtained by interview to all of importance respondents and field observation, while secondary data sekunder obtained from literacy study from government agency documents and reports such as BPS, Bappeda, and other relevant references. Data collection was analysed by using the qualitative method. The result of research showed that the rate of the coconut plantation harvest in North Misool was 1,646 hectare, with coconut production reach up to 805.94 tones per year and the mean of its contribution for earnings of farmers was equal to 4.97 million rupiah per month. The value chain of coconut product was started by production, processing and copra gathering gone the round of altogether sold to interisland merchant then selling copra to Bitung. The program to increase both productivity and agribisnis of coconut was estimated can increased coconut product up to 10% per year.
Mochammad Said Soltief, Asnath M Fuah, Rudy Priyanto
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 6-13; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.6-13

Abstract:
The aims of this study were to determine the application of livestock breeding technology and the specific components in order to develop strategic planning for cattle production in Raja Ampat district. A total of 218 farmer from three different villages, namely Sakabu, Kalobo, and Waijan were observed and intervewied.The land and their use system, a pattern of cattle management production, and the characteristic of institutional and government regulation were observed as study variables. These three major variables were divided to collect the comprehensive data. The second variables covered reproduction, maintenance and housing, feed, disease and health, assistance, facilities and infrastructure, postharvest handling, and marketing. The third consist of farmer organization and capital resources and regional support system to enhance cattle production.The results showed : (1) pastoral system was common where farmers allows their cattle to graze freely in various places such as grassland, forest, rice fields or farmland, (2) the selective breeding practice was unadopted instead of the traditional mating, and (3) application of feeding technology not applied properly.Raja Ampat, a center of cattle breeding and fattening, was identified as a new prospective development area based on total score (< 500).
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