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Results in Journal Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman: 49

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Jomima M Tatipikalawan, Insun Sangadji, Pieter M. Ririmasse
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 29-37; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.29-37

Abstract:
ABSTRAK  Tujuan penelitian ini mengkaji potensi sosial ekonomi peternak sapi, kontribusi usaha peternak sapi terhadap pendapatan keluarga dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kontribusi pendapatan. Materi penelitian adalah 70 peternak peternak sapi poting pada 2 kecamatan di Kabupaten Buru yang diambil secara purposive sampling. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan diambil dengan metode survey melalui wawancara mendalam (in-depth interview) kepada peternakan menggunakan kuisioner. Analisis data secara deskriptif, perhitungan ekonomi, kontribusi pendapatan dan analisis regresi untuk melihat faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kontribusi pendapatan usaha sapi potong. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi yang dimiliki peternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Buru berusia produktif, tingkat pendidikan masuk kategori baik dari menengah sampai atas, memiliki motif ekonomi dengan tujuan sebagai sumber pedapatan dan tabungan. Rataan jumlah kepemilikan 4-6 UT/peternak, dipelihara secara tradisional dengan lama pemeliharaan >4 tahun. Kontribusi pendapatan 49,89% (cabang usaha). Hasil analisis regresi linier berganda menunjukkan kontribusi usaha ternak sapi secara sangat signifikan (P≤0,01) dipengaruhi oleh kepemilikan sapi, pendapatan lainnya (P≤0,05) dan lama usaha (P≤0,1). Peternak dengan lama usaha yang semakin besar cenderung memiliki skala usaha yang lebih besar yang selanjutnya mempengaruhi jumlah sapi yang dipasarkan. Peternak memiliki motif ekonomi yang kuat sehingga usaha peternakan sapi dan pertanian dijalankan dengan optimal untuk mendatangkan pendapatan. ABSTRACT  The purpose of this study is to examine the socio-economic potential of cattle breeders, the contribution of cattle farmers' businesses to family income, and the factors that influence the contribution of income. The research material is 70 farmers of beef cattle breeders in 2 Districts in Buru Regency taken by purposive sampling. The data used are primary and taken by survey method through in-depth interviews with farmers using questionnaires. Descriptive data analysis, economic calculations, income contribution, and regression analysis to see the factors that affect the contribution of beef cattle business income. The results show that the potential of beef cattle breeders in Buru Regency is productive age, education level is in the middle to the upper category, has an economic motive, and the purpose of maintenance as a source of income and savings. The average number of ownership is 4-6 au/farmers, traditionally maintained with a maintenance period of >4 years. Revenue contribution 49.89% (business branch). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the contribution of cattle business was very significantly (P≤0.01) influenced by cattle ownership, other income (P≤0.05), and length of business (P≤0.1). Farmers with a longer length of business tend to have a larger scale of business which in turn affects the number of cattle marketed. Farmers have an economic motive so that farming is carried out optimally to bring in income.
Anna Y. Wattimena, Marlita H. Makaruku
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 38-44; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.38-44

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Tanaman pala oleh masyarakat Maluku umumnya dikelola secara turun temurun, dikenal dengan pola tanam yang disebut dusung. Dusung memiliki beberapa manfaat yaitu sebagai sumber pendapatan petani, memiliki stabilitas ekologis yang relatif tinggi dan pengelolaannya untuk memelihara dan meningkatkan keunggulan tanaman didalamnya. Permasalahan yang dihadapi petani dalam menurunnya produktivitas tanaman pala di desa Liliboi, desa Hila dan Desa Morela disebabkan oleh faktor budidaya dan produksi tanaman.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan informasi tingkat budidaya tanaman pala yang dibudidayakan dengan pola dusung dan mendiskripsikan karakteristik dusung untuk budidaya dan produksi tanaman pala. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei dengan purposive sampling, sampel diambil secara acak (random sampling) dari setiap petani. Hasil analisis menunjukan karakteristik dusung mencakup Topografi Desa Hila, Morela, Liliboi sangat sesuai untuk budidaya tanaman. Pengambilan keputusan dalam pemilihan tanaman pelindung untuk tanaman pala berdasarkan pengetahuan ekologis petani yang berkembang secara turun temurun yang didasarkan atas kesesuaian kondisi biofisik menunjang, mudah memelihara, keanekaragaman hasil, mudah pemasaran dan menambah ekonomi keluarga. ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to obtain information on the level of cultivation of nutmeg plants cultivated with the dusung pattern and describe the characteristics of the dusung for the cultivation and production of nutmeg crops. The method used is a survey method with purposive sampling samples were taken randomly (random sampling) from each farmer. The date taken is the primary date (hamlet topography, land ownership, area, number of trees, spacing, plant age, cropping pattern, and other plantation crops that serve as protection for nutmeg crops). Secondary data (general condition of the location), climate data (average climate for the last 5 years), data on area and nutmeg production, altitude (asl) The results of the analysis show that the characteristics of the hamlet include the topography of Hila, Morela, and Liliboi villages which are very suitable for plant cultivation. The conclusion of the research is that the characteristics of nutmeg farming in the dusung pattern in Hila village, Morela, and Liliboi are very diverse in terms of area, the number of trees, plant spacing, and plant age. The topography of Hila Village, Morela, Liliboi is very suitable for nutmeg cultivation and the state of farming carried out by farmers is a polycultural pattern known as dusun" in Maluku. Decision-making in the selection of protective plants for nutmeg plants is based on the ecological knowledge of farmers that has developed from generation to generation based on the suitability of supporting biophysical conditions, easy maintenance, diversity of results, easy marketing, and increasing the family economy.
Marlita H. Makaruku, Anna Y. Wattimena
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.23-28

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pupuk merupakan suatu bahan yang digunakan untuk mengubah sifat fisik, kimia atau biologi tanah sehingga menjadi lebih baik bagi pertumbuhan tanaman. Bahan organik mempunyai peran yang sangat esensial di dalam tanah serta menjadi faktor utama dalam berbagai proses biokimia dalam tanah. Bokashi merupakan salah satu jenis pupuk organik yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai pupuk organik untuk memperbaiki sifat fisik, biologi dan kimia tanah, serta memperbaiki struktur dan tekstur tanah. Penelitian ini yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dua jenis pupuk kandang terhadap mutu bokashi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan perlakuan tunggal yaitu jenis pupuk kandang (K), yaitu : K1 = pupuk kandang kotoran sapi, K2 = pupuk kandang kotoran ayam. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang 5 kali. Variabel yang diamati pada penelitian ini meliputi suhu, warna, bau dan tekstur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan bokashi dari kotoran sapi dan kotoran ayam menunjukkan kualitas fisik bokashi yang baik yaitu suhu 30°C pada bokashi dari kotoran sapi, suhu 34°C pada bokashi dari kotoran ayam, berwarna coklat kehitaman, berbau tanah, dan memiliki tekstur kasar. ABSTRACT  Fertilizer is a material used to change the physical, chemical, or biological properties of soil so that it becomes better for plant growth. Organic matter has a very essential role in the soil and is a major factor in various biochemical processes in the soil. Bokashi is one type of organic fertilizer that can be used as organic fertilizer to improve the physical, biological, and chemical properties of the soil, as well as improve the structure and texture of the soil. This study aims to determine the effect of two types of manure on the quality of bokashi. The study was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) with a single treatment, namely the type of manure (P), namely: K1 = cow manure, K2 = chicken manure. Each treatment was repeated 5 times. Variables observed in this study include temperature, color, smell, and texture. The results showed that the bokashi treatment from cow and chicken manure showed a good physical quality of bokashi, namely a temperature of 30°C on bokashi from cow manure, a temperature of 34°C on bokashi from chicken manure, blackish-brown in color, smells of earth and has a rough texture.
Isye Jean Liur, Demianus F. Souhoka, Bercomien J. Papilaya
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 45-50; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.45-50

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kebutuhan daging masyarakat Indonesia meningkat setiap tahun sesuai kenaikan jumlah penduduk, sehingga kebutuhan protein hewani juga ikut meningkat. Daging sapi diharapkan mempunyai kualitas yang layak untuk dikonsumsi. Daging yang memiliki kualitas bagus tentunya akan memberikan produk olahan yang bagus dan akan mempermudah selama proses pengolahan. Daging yang beredar dimasyarakat seringkali tidak terjamin kualitasnya. Oleh sebab itu diperlukan uji fisik sebelum daging dikonsumsi. Pengujian sifat fisik daging di pasar tradisional sangat diperlukan karena belum adanya penelitian sebelumnya mengenai kualitas fisik daging sapi di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Diharapkan dari Penelitian ini akan mendapatkan informasi yang dapat dibagikan kepada masyarakat tentang kualitas fisik daging sapi yang ada di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Sampel yang digunakan adalah daging sapi segar sebanyak 1 kg yang diambil dari 6 penjual daging sapi segar di pasar tradisional Kota Ambon. Pengujian kualitas daging sapi segar meliputi analisa Kadar Air, pH, Cooking loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC). Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah percobaan dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan Nilai Kadar Air, pH, Cooking Loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC) berada pada kisaran normal dengan Nilai Kadar air dan pH menunjukkan perbedaan yang tidak berbeda nyata (P>0,05) sedangkan Cooking Loss dan Water Holding Capacity (WHC) menunjukkan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P0.05) while Cooking Loss and Water Holding Capacity (WHC) ) showed a very significant difference (P<0.01).
Adolf Heatubun, Marcus Veerman, Michel J. Matatula
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.9-16

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pengambilan keputusan dalam usaha peternakan merupakan tanggung jawab utama para peternak. Keberhasilan usaha peternak sapi potong mencapai laba tertinggi adalah tujuan pokok. Bagaimana mengambil keputusan tepat untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut dan mengetahui berbagai risiko dalam ketidakpastian, merupakan masukan yang penting. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada peternak sapi potong di Kecamatan Lolong Guba, Kabupaten Buru, Provinsi Maluku, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui dampak berbagai perubahan variabel penentu laba peternak sapi dan risiko yang ditimbulkan oleh perubahan tersebut dalam rangka pengambilan keputusan manajer peternak. Data yang dikumpukan adalah data primer yang dicatat dalam nilai-nilai nominal. Analisis menggunakan model regresi linear berganda, dilanjutkan analisis simulasi, dan diakhiri analisis risiko. Hasil penelitian memenuhi hipotesis yang ditetapkan dan teruji signifikan secara statistik. Elastisitas nilai tambah ternak adalah terbesar. Dampak peningkatan laba terbesar dihasilkan melalui peningkatan nilai tambah ternak dan jumlah penjualan, meskipun keduanya bukan sebagai pilihan terbaik. Opsi manajer peternak menghadapi risiko dan ketidakpastian ke depan adalah meningkatkan biaya pemberian makanan, nilai tambah ternak, dan penjualan sapi. Diperlukan mitigasi untuk opsi ini yaitu manajer peternak meningkatkan waktu penggembalaan ternak, memberikan makanan suplemen, mengawasi kesehatan ternak, menghindari ternak dari gangguan lingkungan dan kecelakaan. Manajer peternak perlu dibekali pengetahuan teknis penaksiran bobot dan karkas ternak. ABSTRACT Decision-making in livestock business activities is the main responsibility of farmers. The success of the beef cattle farmer's business to achieve the highest profit is the main goal. How to take the right decision to achieve these goals and know the various risks in uncertainty, is an important input. This research was conducted on beef cattle breeders in Lolong Guba District, Buru Regency, Maluku Province which aims to determine the impact of various changes in the determinants of cattle breeders' profits and the risks posed by these changes in order to make decisions for farmer managers. The data collected is primary data recorded in nominal values. Data were analyzed by multiple linear regression model, followed by simulation analysis, and ended with risk analysis. The results of the study met the established hypothesis and were tested statistically significantly. The elasticity of value-added livestock is the largest compared to total sales. The biggest impact of increasing profit is through the increase in the value-added of livestock and the number of sales, although neither is the best choice. Farmer managers' options for dealing with risks and uncertainties in the future are to increase the cost of feeding, add value to livestock, and sell cattle. Mitigation is needed for options, namely farmer managers increasing livestock grazing time, providing supplementary food, monitoring livestock health, and avoiding livestock from environmental disturbances and accidents. Farmer managers need to be equipped with technical knowledge of body weight and carcass estimation of livestock.
Tabita Naomi Ralahalu, Jusak Labetubun, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.17-22

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Pakan puyuh umumnya adalah pakan komersial yang tersedia dalam berbagai merek dagang dan mempunyai komposisi nutrisi yang sesuai dengan fungsi fisiologis dari puyuh. Di Ambon, pakan komersial khusus puyuh tidak tersedia di toko penjualan pakan sehingga sangat jarang ditemukan usaha peternakan puyuh. Pakan yang diberikan sebagai pengganti pakan komersial puyuh adalah pakan komersial ayam petelur Par L1. Penelitian yang dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengkaji konsumsi, jumlah telur, berat telur dan konversi pakan puyuh yang diberi pakan ayam petelur komersil. Penelitian berlangsung selama 35 hari, pada peternakan rakyat desa Rumahtiga, Ambon. Bahan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah ransum komersial ayam petelur Par L1 yang diproduksi oleh PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk dan burung puyuh jenis Auntumn yang diperoleh dari peternakan puyuh di Surabaya. Alat yang . Penelitian yang dilakukan dianalisis secara deskriptif terhadap variabel yang diukur. Puyuh yang diamati berjumlah 40 ekor berumur 2,5 bulan yang dialokasikan pada 4 kotak, setiap kotak terdiri dari 10 ekor puyuh betina. Variabel yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah konsumsi pakan, jumlah dan berat telur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan konsumsi pakan, dan berat telur meningkat dengan bertambahnya umur puyuh sedangkan jumlah telur bervariasi dan cenderung menurun pada minggu ke 5 serta rataan nilai konversi pakan sebesar 2,56. ABSTRACT Quail feed is generally a commercial feed that is available under various trademarks and has a nutritional composition that is in accordance with the physiological function of quail. In Ambon, commercial feed specifically for quail is not available in feed shops, so it is very rare to find quail farming. The feed is given as a substitute for commercial quail feed in commercial feed for laying hens Par L1. The aim of the research was to study the consumption, number, egg weight, and feed conversion of quail-fed commercial laying hens. The research was carried out for 35 days at the community farm of Rumahtiga Village, Ambon. The material used in this study was a commercial ration for laying hens Par L1 produced by PT. Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk and Autumn quail were obtained from a quail farm in Surabaya. The tools used are cages, places to eat and drink, digital scales to weigh feed and eggs, and blenders to grind rations. The research conducted was analyzed descriptively on the measured parameters. The quail observed were 40 2.5 month-old quails which were allocated to 4 boxes, each box consisted of 10 female quails. The variables observed in this study were feed consumption, number, and weight of eggs. The results showed that feed consumption and egg weight increased with increasing age of quail, while the number of eggs varied and tended to decrease at week 5 and the average feed conversion value was 2.56.
Deni Kunuela, Shirley Fredriksz, Lily Joris
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 10, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2022.10.1.1-8

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian tepung daun mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) dengan jumlah yang berbeda terhadap kualitas fisik dedak padi selama penyimpanan. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Teknologi dan Rekayasa Pakan, Jurusan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Unpatti Ambon sejak bulan September 2021 - Oktober 2021. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dedak padi, daun mengkudu, dan aquabides. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL), dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan sehingga terdapat 16 unit percobaan. Variabel kualitatif seperti warna,aroma, keberadaan jamur dianalisis secara deskriptif. Variabel yang diamati adalah kualitas fisik dedak padi meliputi berat, warna, aroma (bau), keberadaan kutu, keberadaan jamur, dan pH. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perlakuan penambahan tepung daun mengkudu 4 gram, 8 gram, 12 gram dalam 200 gram dedak padi menunjukan pengaruh terhadap berat dedak padi sebelum dan sesudah penyimpanan, warna dimana penambahan tepung daun mengkudu memberi efek warna kehijauan pada dedak padi sebelum dan sesudah penyimpanan, bau (aroma) dari penggunaan daun mengkudu menyebabkan tidak berbau apek atau tengik, juga berpengaruh menekan pertumbuhan jamur, meskipun demikian secara keseluruhan pemberian daun mengkudu pada jumlah yang digunakan dalam penelitian belum mampu mempertahankan kualitas fisik dedak padi. ABSTRACT This research aims to find out the effect of distributing different amounts of powdered noni leaves (Morinda Citrifolia) on the physical quality of rice bran. This research was conducted in the Food Technology and Engineering Laboratory of Pattimura University’s Faculty of Agriculture from September 2021 to October 2021. The ingredients that were used in the research are Rice Bran, Noni Leaves, and Aquabides. This research is an experiment using a completely randomized design (CRD), with 4 treatments and 4 repetitions, resulting in 16 experiment units. Qualitative variables such as color, odor, and the existence of fungus are analyzed descriptively. The variables that are observed are the physical quality of rice bran which includes weight, color, odor, the existence of lice, the existence of mold, and the pH level. The research shows that the treatments that add 4 grams, 8 grams, and 12 grams of Powdered Noni Leaves on 200 grams of rice bran show effects on its weight before and after storage. The color also changes, adding Powdered Noni Leaves gives rice bran a greenish color. It also causes the odor of the bran to be not musty and rancid. It also suppresses mold growth. However, in general, the addition of said amounts of Powdered Noni Leaves is still not able to preserve the physical quality of rice bran.
Adrian Akerina
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 92-100; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.92-100

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of cholesterol content of quail egg which is given commercial feed with the addition of seaweed flour which includes parameters: feed consumption, egg production, egg mass, feed conversion, and egg yolk cholesterol levels. This study used 160 female quails aged 5 weeks. The design used in this study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Feeding with the addition of red seaweed flour can reduce feed consumption, egg production and feed conversion but feed with the addition of red seaweed flour also results in an increase in cholesterol content in quail egg yolks. Feeding with the addition of green and brown seaweed flour can minimize the cholesterol content in quail eggs but numerically, feed with the addition of green seaweed flour tends to produce quail egg yolks with lower cholesterol content compared to other treatments
Olivia Sendi Heluth, Feronica Parera, Jusak Labetubun
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 84-91; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.84-91

Abstract:
The research was aimed to know how the reproductive performance of Kacang Does in Huamual District of West Seram Regency. The variable was observed includes first mating age, conception rate, post partum mating, kidding interval, litter size, pre weaning mortality, and doe reproduction index. The method used in this study was survey. The sample selected using purposive sampling method, while the identification of the respondents was used the simple random sampling. Based on research obtained, the reproductive performance of kacang does at this research location was based on first mating age 9.2 ± 3.08 month, conception rate 82.81%, post partum mating 4.10 ± 1.94 month, kidding interval 8.95 ± 2.23 month, litter size 1.88 head, pre weaning mortality 11.86% and doe reproduction index 2.24 head/doe/year.
Ahmad Bayu Saputra, Bercomien J. Papilaya, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 67-74; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.67-74

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the diversity and heritability components of the nature of body weight production of local chickens aged 0-4 weeks. The material used in this study were 95 local chickens from 4 male and 20 female. Heritability calculation (h2) uses the nested design method. The results showed the value of heritability (h2) DOC weights in male body weights were 0.429851 and 0.569476 in the third week, while the largest variance component in the third week was 12.28387 and for female in the fourth week was 59.333934 . Heritability (h2) DOC weights for male body weight gain were 0.6840 and 0.5257 in the third week, the variance component given from the largest male was in the fourth week ie 0.39037 and for female in the second week was 0.68931.
Marna Eoh, Ferens Kayadoe
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 109-115; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.109-115

Abstract:
This research aims was to determined the types of crop by-product in Seram Utara Timur District and to determined the production of dry matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrients in North East Seti Seram District. Observation and direct measurement of food crop agricultural waste in the three sample villages selected using the purposive sampling method based on the largest number of livestock. The results showed that the types of food crop agricultural waste found in Seram Utara Timur seti sub-district were as follows: rice straw (Oryza sativa L) 96.88%, cassava straw (Manihot esculenta crantz) 1.55% and rice straw (Zea mys), 0.82%. The total agricultural waste of food crops based on dry matter was 11,036.42 tons/ha, crude protein 802.22 tons/ha and total digestible nutrients 6,741.07 tons/ha, and the highest production was in rice straw. The potential of food crop agricultural waste in North Seram District, Timut Seti is quite abundant, it is hoped that beef cattle breeders can utilize food crop agricultural waste as ruminant animal feed.
Drasela Duila, Demianus F. Souhoka, Jusak Labetubun
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 59-66; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.59-66

Abstract:
The objective oictf this research was to explore natural increase rate of Bali cattle in Waesama district of South Buru Regency. The research applied survey method. The observe variables respondent characteristics, and cattle population structure, reproduction potency,ownership, mortality rate, and its natural increase rate. The results showed that number of population. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa in Waesama District there are 221 cattles with birth rate 20.73 percent, mortality rate 2.18 percent and natural increase rate 19,00 percent.
Julius Porimau, Bercomien J. Papilaya, Muhammad J. Wattiheluw, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 101-108; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.101-108

Abstract:
This research aims was to know effect of the interaction between breed and cage floor type factors on the performance of native chickens. The materials used in this study were three breeds of native chickens on grower phase with total number of 72 tails of chicken, an average age was 8 weeks, and an average live body weight was 408.98 grams. The research method used was factorial completely randomized design 3 x 2 x 4. Breeds factor consisting of G1 = Arabian chicken; G2 = Kampung Super, and G3 = Kampong chicken. While the factor of the floor type of cage consists of both L1 = slat floor and L2 = litter floor. Thus there are 6 treatment combinations, each combination treatment were repeated 4 times and each replication consists of 3 chickens, so there are 72 chickens as the unit of observation. The variables observed included feed consumption, drinking water consumption, average daily gain, and feed conversion. The results showed that the interaction between grooves and floor types were not significantly different for all observed variables. Chicken breeds showed significant differences in feed consumption, but did not provide for water consumption, average daily gain and feed conversion. Different cage floors showed the significant difference to feed consumption and drinking water consumption, but there was not significantly different on avegrage daily gain and feed convertion of three breeds of native chicken.
Albartina Lumatalale, Isak P. Siwa, Feronica Parera
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 75-83; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.2.75-83

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to known the natural increase of Bali cattle in sub-distirct of Kairatu, West Seram Regency. A survey method was applied and respondents were determined with purposive sampling. Respondent charateristics and specific variabels were observed as the study variabels. The first include farmer age, education level, main occupation, livestock purpose, business length, livestock resources, status and ownership. The next parameter consist of (1) population structure, (2) reproductive potential of cow, i.e. conception rate, calving rate, calving interval, weaning age, pre weaning mortality rate, and (3) natural increase. The result showed that the natural increase of Bali cattle was 17.69% or classified as moderate category.
Dominggus De Lima, Ch. W. Patty
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 36-43; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.36-43

Abstract:
Livestock is an important component to fulfil food need and as source of protein for the community which increase annually. These research objective was to determine the type of agricultural food crop waste, how much production of dry matter, crude protein, and Total Gigability Nutrit and also to find out how much the capacity of agricultural food crop waste in the Waelata District, Buru Regency. Feedstuff development is directed to optimize the use of local feed source, in particular crops waste. The results showed that crops waste available in Waelata were dominated respectively by rice (Oryza sativa L.) 92.17 %, sweet potato (Ipomoae batatas) 2.81 %, corn (zea mays ssp.) 1.89 %, peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) 1.89 %, and cassava (manihot esculenta crantz) 1.12 %. Total dry matter production of the crops waste were rice (Oryza sativa L.) 2.52 tones/ha, sweet potato (Ipomoae batatas) 1.78 tone/ha, corn (zea mays ssp.) 0.63 tone/ha, peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) 1.67 tones/ha, and cassava (manihot esculenta crantz) 0.41 tones/ha. Capacity of crops waste to support livestock systems based on dry matter, crude protein, Total Digestible Nutrient was respectivelly e.317 UT, 263 UT, and 3.134 UT.
Danes Suhendra, Widitya Tri Nugraha, Yosephine L. R. E. Nugraheni, Lilis Hartati
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 88-91; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.88-91

Abstract:
Milk density and fat content are used as indicators of milk production from dairy farmer by Milk Proccessing Industry (MPI). Some MPI determines the price of milk based on fat and milk lactose content. This research was aimed to study the correlation of fat content, lactose content, and milk density. The material used were 90 of lactation FH cows in the II – III lactation periode and month of lactation are 2 – 3. The analysis method used was simple linear correlation regresion. The results showed that during increased milk fat and lactose contents, will increased milk density. Fat and lactose content are significantly correlated with milk density (P<0.01). The overall calculation shows that there was a relationship between fat content and lactose content to milk density, each 70.8 and 68.7%. Fat content with milk density, and lactose content with milk density showed a strong positive correlations. In conclusion, there was a correlation between fat content and lactose content with milk density. The correlation of fat content and lactose content with milk density were the higher fat and lactose content, higher milk density.
Pieter M. Ririmasse
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.74-80

Abstract:
Natural resources, sustainable animal feed resources, and human resources are factors that need to be considered in carrying out the development of beef cattle such as Bali cattle. As an economy-oriented production activity, the performance of livestock business with a regional approach is largely determined by the role of breeders as the main factors, both individually and as a group. This study aims were both to know and determine the potential of individual breeders in Bali cattle development in Taniwel District. In the study, three sample villages were selected using purposive sampling method, while the total respondents selected were 30 breeders who were determined by purposive sampling. The variables observed were the basic potential of the breeders which included breeding experience, education (formal and non-formal, literacy skills), communication intensity, the potential of the breeder workforce, the potential for farmer technology mastery, and the potential for providing input to breeders' production. The data were collected then tabulated and analyzed using the average value and standard deviation. The results showed that the basic potential score of breeders was 94.16, the score for the workforce potential of the breeders was 6.17 in the low category, the potential mastery of technology owned by the breeders was in the low category with a score of 4.23, and the score The potential for providing input by breeders is 16 in the low category. It can be concluded that the final score of potential breeders in developing Bali cattle in Taniwel District is in the low category with a score of 409.39.
Astri Dwiyanti Tagueha
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 51-56; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.51-56

Abstract:
The objectives of this study were to determine the status of Newcastle Disease (ND) infection in native chicken at traditional farms, identifying risk factors, and knowing the association between these two. A total of 21 farms were purposively selected from three villages namely Hunuth, Rumah Tiga, and Hative Besar. Positive titre of ND was indicated if Hemaglutination Inhibition (HI) test is ≥ 24. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and risk ratio (RR) to describe association between variable and positive titre. The results showed from 93 chickens’ blood sample there were 50.5% have ND antibodies. At the farm level, 66.67% of farms are positively infected , i.e : Hunuth 19.05%, Rumah Tiga 19.05%, and Hative Besar 28.57%. Factors that are positively associated with infection status at farm level are respectively : cage usage (1,88), manure treatment (1,46), water source (1,33), treatment of sick chicken (1,64), treatment of new chicken (1,54), treatment of dead chicken (1,64), and fence usage (1,5).
Isye Jean Liur, Astri D. Tagueha
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 92-96; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.92-96

Abstract:
Chicken meat is one of the foods favored by the public because it has high nutritional content, delicious taste, affordable prices, and a soft fiber texture that makes it easy to digest. The high nutritional content can make chicken meat a good medium for the growth and development of microorganisms.The research was conducted to determine the amount of bacterial contamination in broiler meat sold in several markets in Ambon city. This study used an experimental method, namely the analysis of microbial contamination in the famous chicken meat sample in Ambon City. The research was started by taking samples of chicken breasts and thighs from various markets in Ambon city. The sample used was chicken meat that had been stored for 2 days. Furthermore, the bacterial isolation stage is carried out. The results showed that the microbial contamination in the sample of chicken breasts and thighs was still below the maximum limit (less than 1 x 106 cfu/g) determined by the National Standardization Agency. Broiler chicken meat in Ambon City is safe for consumption by the public.
Adolf Heatubun, Marcus Veerman, Michel J. Matatula
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 65-73; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.65-73

Abstract:
The concept of added value in agriculture has an important role in development, both production, consumption and trade. Producers, consumers, and market players take advantage of this concept to create productivity in their respective environments. This study aims to analyze the added value of the products created by beef cattle breeders and cattle slaughterers in Lolong Guba District, Buru Regency. The study used a survey method, the sample was selected by purposive sampling for the districts, breeders and slaughterers. The study was conducted from April to May 2020. The analysis used identification, measurement and ratio techniques. The results showed that value-added activities of breeders included herding and fattening cattles. For the slaughterers includes buying and slaughtering cattles and selling meat. The cost of the breeders includes providing forage, caring for and grazing the livestock. The cost of slaughtering includes the purchase, transportation, retribution and slaughter of cattles at arbatoir. The added value at cattle breeders is higher in comparison to slaughterers. Productivity creates added value at cattle breeders higher than slaughterers. Breeders are superior in raising livestock, while slaughterers are superior in frequency of slaughtering time.
Stefen Topurmera, Heriyanus Jesayas, Michel J. Matatula
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 17-26; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.17-26

Abstract:
An important goal of status determining of Matras Tourism Village in 2010 was in order more people took participate in development programs of the local tourism sector. The relevant findings of previous research were that the socio-economic characteristics including knowledge and perceptions associated with participation. The purposes of the research were to study the socio-economic characteristics and perceptions, to study the shape and the level of participation, and to study the relationship between socio-economic characteristic and perception toward participation. The research was categorized as survey research that used purposive-snowball sampling. The data were analyzed by descriptive-qualitative, Scoring, Crosstabs, Chi-Square, and Spearman's Rank. Overall, 47,73% of respondents have moderate perception level. While, 38,64% of respondents have low participation level. All indicators were positively related to the participation, except for the age and the number of dependents (negatively). However, the relationship strength were different. The informal education, tourism knowledge, perception of institutional and funds budgeting were strongly related to participation (sig. 99%). While, the perception of planning product, object/attraction of tourism, support facilities, opportunity and competitiveness described sufficiently-strong relation to participation (sig. 95%).
Welmince Usmany
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 44-50; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.44-50

Abstract:
This research was aimed at studying income level and feasibility of cattle farming in Letti District South West Maluku Regency. The research was conducted on April – May 2020 in three sample villages, namely Batumiau, Laitutun and Desa Tutuwaru. Survey method was applied to thirty cattle herders as respondents, who were chosen through a snow-ball method. Data were both qualitatively and quantitatively collected by applying direct observation and interview through a questionnaire. The results showed that average income of the cattle herders was IDR. 18.616.667 annually with R/C ratio 3.67. It was concluded that the beef cattle farm provided a profit of Rp. 13,552,275,-/ farmer/ year and it is feasible to continue to be developed.
Tabita Naomi Ralahalu, Shirley Fredriksz, Sandri Tipka
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 81-87; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.81-87

Abstract:
The problem in using rice bran as animal feed is its low stability due to rancidity of hydrolysis and rancidity of oxidation. In addition, it quickly becomes clumpy and brings in insects, especially lice. The objective of this research was to determine the level of use of mangosteen peel flour in rice bran storage for one month on the physical and chemical qualities of rice bran. The research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Forage, Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, Pattimura University, Ambon. The materials used are rice bran from Gemba and mangosteen peel. The equipment used is a plastic sack with a size of 5 kg, a digital scale, a blender, a temperature and humidity measuring device. The research was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD), 4 x 4. The observed variables included weight, color, odor, moisture content, crude protein, fat, and peroxide number. The follow-up test used if the treatments show significant differences is the Duncan test. The treatments tested were DKM0 = rice bran without mangosteen peel flour; DKM1 = rice bran with 5% mangosteen peel flour; DKM2 = rice bran with 7.5% mangosteen peel flour; DKM3 = Rice bran with 12.5% ​​mangosteen peel flour. The peroxide value of 7.95meq / kg is achieved when using 5% mangosteen peel flour, while at the 10% level it can suppress the smell until it becomes slightly rancid. The use of 15% mangosteen peel flour was not significant for color, fungus, protein moisture, fat and peroxide numbers.
Carolina Anaktototy, George S. J. Tomatala, Lily Joris
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 51-58; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.51-58

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the role of extension workers for breeders in buffalo farming in Moa District, Southwest Maluku Regency. The method used in this research is survey method, the sample is determined by purposive sampling., The form of qualitative descriptive analysis with the first stage is checking the data, in this activity it is carried out after conducting an interview (filling out a list of questions). Based on the results of the research, the performance of agricultural extension services at the Moa Subdistrict BPP in developing buffalo farming in the research village is running well but not yet optimal. This is because the quantity of extension workers is still small and the quality of the timeliness of extension workers in completing the work is not good because the amount of work to be done is not balanced with the quantity of extension workers. In addition, there is still a lack of infrastructure for extension workers such as the posluhdes (Village Extension Officer).
Dominggus De Lima, Costantine Ch. E. Latupeirissa
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 57-64; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.2.57-64

Abstract:
The purpose of the research was to find out how many kinds of agricultural waste, the percentage of waste utilization by farmers as feed and the farmers knowledge about the processing of agricultural waste. The method used in the research was survey and observation, directly in the location of agricultural crops. The technique used to take the sample was purposive sampling, with which 3 out of 10 villages were taken based on the highest number of farmers and 30 farmers were taken. The result on 3 villages, i.e. Waegeren, Grandeng and Wanakarta showed that generally the farmers used agricultural waste as alternative feed and the distribution of the waste depens on the harvest season. Therefore, it can be concluded that the utilization of agricultural waste was good enough, so that it is not wasted and make a good profit. The utilization of agricultural waste for cattle as feed was 93,3% distribute directly after the harvest without processing.
Carolina Jermias, Isak P. Siwa, Demianus F. Souhoka
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.9-16

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the reproductive potential of the lakor goat in Lakor Disctrict, Southwest Maluku Regency. This research was conducted from July to August 2020 in three sample villages, namely Letoda, Sera, and Yamluli Villages. The methoud used in this study was a survey of 30 respondents of Lakor goat breeders who were determined by the simple random sampling method (simple random). The data source used in this study is primary data. The data was collected by means of observation and direct interview using a questionnaire. The results showed that the reproductive potential of the Lakor goat in the three sample villages categorized as good according to the amount of litter obtained from the type of twin birth which is quite high and the ability to give birth.
Fredrik M. Manaha, Michel J. Matatula, Heriyanus Jesayas
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.1-8

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the perception and participation of farmers, farmers community of Klis Village - Nyama Hamlet in the development of gerdarsi beach attractions. Research method is descriptive qualitative. Using interview data collection techniques, observation and documentation. The results of this study showed the form of participation of farmers community in the development of gerdarsi beach tourism attraction is 1). Donate picket. 2). Keep the location security. 3). Maintaining the beauty of the location. 4). Art. The participation rate of the community of farmers in supporting the development, implementation and utilization. Thus it can be said that the community of farmers has participated well in the process of development and development of gerdarsi beach attractions.
Marna Eoh
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 9, pp 27-35; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2021.9.1.27-35

Abstract:
To determine the effect various concentration 2, 4, 6 and 8 mg/l of 2,4- D (2,4- dicloropenoxy acetic acid) on callus induction of Benggala grass variety Trichoglume leaf culture on Murashige and Skoog (MS) standard medium and its organogenesis stimulated using deffent concentration of growth regulator, namely [N6- (2- isopenteny)- adenine] or 2iP (0, 0.2 and 1.0 mg/l ) and (l- naphthalene acetic ent, wacid) or NAA (0, 0.03, 0.16 and 3.0 mg/l) were performed. Percentage of callus were measured and organogenesis from callus were subjected to description analysis . The results showed that callus induction was optimum when 2,4-D was treated at 4 mg/l, friable callus were produced. Percentage production of callus week 4 was 46.2 percent, while using 8 mg/l 2,4 –D the callus production was about 59.7 percent yellowish coloured and more compact callus were produced. Combination of 0 mg/l 2iP ( auxin) + 3mg/l (cytokinin) at 3 weeks showed reseilted 100 % of calluses produced roots, the highest amaunt roots (9,0) was observed in combination 0 mg/l 2iP + 3 mg/l NAA, and the longest root (17,0 mm) was recorded in combination 0 mg/l 2iP + 3 mg/l NAA. Calluses yielded varied from white, yellowish to brown colour.
Insun Sangadji, Ch W Patty, Jerry F Salamena
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 20-25; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.20-25

Abstract:
The aim of this experiment was to determine crude fiber content of sago by product fermented with White Root fungi and urea. The treatments were imposed in a Randomized Complete Design with three replications. The treatments were ration with: medium without White Root fungi and urea (R0), medium with White Root fungi (R1), medium with White Root fungi and 0,25% urea (R2), medium with White Root fungi and 0,50% urea (R3). Parameters measured were NDF, ADF, and lignin. The results showed that all components of crude fiber decreased during fermentation periods with White Root fungi (Pleurotus ostreatus) and urea. The average NDF content of fermented sago-by products were 57,27%, 51,25%, 52,37%, and 50,94% for R0, R1, R2, and R3, repectively. There was significant differences between R1, R2. R3 and R0 (P
Meky Sagrim, Deny A. Iyai, Stepanus Pakage, Rudolf Tukayo
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.1-10

Abstract:
Tambrauw Regency is obliged to safeguard the policies of the central government, especially in food self-sufficiency efforts. Determine locations that have land suitability specifications for soybeans and analyze farming agribusiness as an important factor in agricultural development. The research activity was carried out in Kebar District and Senopi District. Peanut farmers are the focus of research, with the consideration that peanuts and soybeans are a family (leguminoseae). At this stage, the study of the characteristics and specifications of the Kebar District and Senopi District areas as potential areas for the development of soybean commodities was carried out. The study of the shape, pattern, type and pattern of farming, as well as the use of agricultural production facilities by the farming community is carriedout. Data and information from various branches of farming were held with community discussions in the form of FGD. Data analyzed descriptively. The results showed low availability of potassium in flat areas and forests and acidic soil pH in flat-savanna regions. The hindering area is the slope, and flat areas only lack potassium. Potential food crops to be developed are upland rice plants and yams. The results of evaluation of land suitability for horticultural plants (Peanuts, Mustard, Tomatoes and Chillies) show "quite suitable" to "according to the margins". The farming production of Kebar was dominated by agricultural commodities and provides enough income for the household economy.
Dominggus De Lima, Lily Joris
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 42-47; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.42-47

Abstract:
The objective of the research was to determine the effects of different compost application on the early growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum). The research was conducted at educational field of Animal Husbandry section of Agriculture Faculty Pattimura University. The measurements were number of buds, lesf wide, leaf length and plant height. The research was arranged into Complete Randomized Design with three treatments and five replication. The results showed that there was a highly significant difference on number of buds, leaf length, plant height and leaf wide. It was concluded that the application of 20 tones/ha goat compost produced good effect on early growth of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum).
Demianus F. Souhoka, Astri D. Tagueha, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 44-50; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.44-50

Abstract:
The objectives of this research was to investigate the incidence of pregnant cows slaughtered and to explore incidence level of foetal wastage at the abattoirs in Ambon town. Data collection were held at the abattoirs from 6 to 27 october 2018. The notion of the research was a case study investigation. The variables were number of cattle slaughtered, characteristics of cows slaughtered [number, body weight an origin], and characteristics of foetal wastage [number, sex, body weight and body length]. Data were descriptively analyzed and the graphically presented. T test was also used to compare body measures of fetuses based on its sex. The results showed that incidence of pregnant cows slaughtered was 34% which is higher than the tolerance limit 12%. There were 53 fetuses found consisted of 30 females and 23 males. Average fetuses weight was 2160.17 grams and 32.68 cm body length.
Ch. W. Patty
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 83-87; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.83-87

Abstract:
King grass is parenenial plant that grow slower then elephant grass. The growth and development of the plant breed effected by development of the clone so that some efforts must be taken to stimulate germinative development of king grass. The research purposed to know how for the level of IBA consentration and immersion period of the slip of plant has an effect toward the growth of germination of king grass. Complete randomizet design of factorial type 3 x 3 and Duncan’s multiple range test, were used in the experiment. The treatments were used in the eksperiment: K1 (100 ppm of concentration), K2 (200 ppm of concentration), K3 (300 ppm of concentration), W1 (one hours of immersion period), W2 (two hours of immersion period), W3 (Three hours of immersion period). The result of this research showed that amount the treatments gave significant effect to the percentation of buds, number of buds, height of plant, number of roots, length of root. Nevertheless, there was an inccclination that the more the height of consentration level was given, the result would better than the research. It can be concluded that the level of IBA consentration and immersion period had a positive effect influences which from the average result obtained K3W3 gave the heighest percentation of buds appear, number of buds, height of plant and length of roots. While persentation of buds to appear, number of buds, height of buds and the lowest roots length founded in K1W1.
Jusak Labetubun, I. P. Siwa, Ferdenanda Reressy
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 11-16; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.11-16

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effective time during the luteal phase in the synchronization of lust using, PGF2α on kacang goat. A total of nine simple 1.5-year-old goat-bean goats were randomly grouped into three treatments at the time of injection in the respective luteal phase; injection of the 6th day after the first injection as P1, injection of the 8th day as P2 and Injection of the 10th day as P3. The research variables are the time of the onset of estrus (onset estrus), signs of estrus and pregnancy rate. The results of the study were tabulated and analyzed statistically using a completely randomized directional design in the MINITAB Version 14. The results of the study concluded that the treatment factor was significantly different (P
Mochammad Said Soltief, Asnath M Fuah, Rudy Priyanto
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 6-13; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.6-13

Abstract:
The aims of this study were to determine the application of livestock breeding technology and the specific components in order to develop strategic planning for cattle production in Raja Ampat district. A total of 218 farmer from three different villages, namely Sakabu, Kalobo, and Waijan were observed and intervewied.The land and their use system, a pattern of cattle management production, and the characteristic of institutional and government regulation were observed as study variables. These three major variables were divided to collect the comprehensive data. The second variables covered reproduction, maintenance and housing, feed, disease and health, assistance, facilities and infrastructure, postharvest handling, and marketing. The third consist of farmer organization and capital resources and regional support system to enhance cattle production.The results showed : (1) pastoral system was common where farmers allows their cattle to graze freely in various places such as grassland, forest, rice fields or farmland, (2) the selective breeding practice was unadopted instead of the traditional mating, and (3) application of feeding technology not applied properly.Raja Ampat, a center of cattle breeding and fattening, was identified as a new prospective development area based on total score (< 500).
Wiesje M. Horhoruw, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 53-58; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.53-58

Abstract:
The aim of the research was to know effect of palm sugar and curcumma as feed addtive on slaughtering weight, carcass, giblet, and abdominal fat weight of broiler. Total of 90 tail of broiler (COBB strain) with DOC weight rate was 37 g used as experimentas materials rearing in 38 days. This research used analysis of varianve method of complete random design with 3 treatments and 5 replication was observed, there was P0 = without feed additive, P1 = using feed additive (palm sugar 2 % and 10 g of curcumma), dan P2 = using feed additive (palm sugar 2 % and 20 g of curcumma). The results showed that there was no significance effect of palm sugar and curcumma as feed addtive on slaughtering weight, carcass, giblet, and abdominal fat weight of broiler.
M. Luhukay, R. G. Risamasu, R. Tomasoa
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 64-68; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.64-68

Abstract:
Food was a fundamental necessity for human survival and at the same time for the integrity of a nation so that its existence must be available at all times and its fulfillment must be fulfilled. For rural people in Maluku, food security depends largely on local foodstuffs such as sago, tubers, bananas, corn, breadfruit and others. Local food resources available in most region in Maluku in particular sago, if managed properly can supportstrengthen the needs of household and local food reserves and in turn reduce dependency on rice. This research aims to identify the potential of sago as well as determine the patterns and levels of public consumption against sago as local food. The research was conducted in East Saparua district land Tuhaha with survey methods and structured interviews. The results of the research found 167 haof sago plantation available in Tuhaha. At least 24 tree/Ha mature sago tree stands (MT) which produced484kgs raw starch per tree or 1122 tons dried sago starch. The percentage of local food consumption respectively was 15%sago, 27% combination of sago, tubers and banana, 32%combination of sago, tubers, banana and rice amounted, and 26% purely rice.
Dellen N. Matulessy, Yuni Erwanto, Nurliani Nurliani, Edy Suryanto
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 24-32; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.24-32

Abstract:
This study aims was to evaluate the characteristics of the gelatine derivate from Kacang goat bone extracted enzymatically using neutrase at different enzyme concentrations. The neutrase treatments, namely GTK-N0 (gelatin with neutrase 0%), GTK-N1 (Gelatin with 0.25% neutrase), GTK-N2 (Gelatin with neutrase 0.5%) and GTK-N3 (Gelatin with neutrase 0,75%). The bones sample used the bones from local Kacang goat aged 6 to 12 months. The study used was a randomized complete design (Oneway ANOVA) with 4 enzyme concentration treatments with 5 replications each treatment. The parameters observed were gelatin yields, the proximate analysis was performed on goat bones and gelatin (water content, ash, fat, and crude protein), pH, gel strength, viscosity, and functional groups of gelatin FTIR. The results showed that the application of the neutrase enzyme at the 0.25% level had the significant effect on the characteristics of the gelatin produced. The conclusion of this study neutrase can be used for enzymatically extracting gelatin from the bones of local Kacang goat and produced the gelatin characteristics that can be used for food applications.
Insun Sangadji
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 69-76; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.69-76

Abstract:
Improving local feedstuff which is abundantly available in Maluku Province suh as sago (Metroxylon rumphii) by-product to be a nutritional feedstuff for live is an innovative way to address the scarcity of nutritious feed for livestock in Maluku. The purpose of this research was arranged into a complete randomized design with four treatments: control (no fermentation), before harvest (after full mycelium), the first harvest, and the second harvest. Each treatment was replicated triple. Least square test was applied to determine the statistical differences among the treatmenst. The observed variables were dry matter, crude protein, Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF), Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) and lignin. The result showed that there were significant differences (P
Ery Atmojo, Rajab Rajab
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 26-33; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.26-33

Abstract:
Besides using area approach, pre-eminent product development such as coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) commodities in North Misool also need apply value chain approach. The aim of this research were to know both value chain and the strategic value of coconut product as main agriculture commodity in North Misool. Primary data collecting technique was conducted by means of structural semi interview method for man to man of respondent ar by using focus group discussion. Data type collected in this study was classified to primary and secondary data. Primary data obtained by interview to all of importance respondents and field observation, while secondary data sekunder obtained from literacy study from government agency documents and reports such as BPS, Bappeda, and other relevant references. Data collection was analysed by using the qualitative method. The result of research showed that the rate of the coconut plantation harvest in North Misool was 1,646 hectare, with coconut production reach up to 805.94 tones per year and the mean of its contribution for earnings of farmers was equal to 4.97 million rupiah per month. The value chain of coconut product was started by production, processing and copra gathering gone the round of altogether sold to interisland merchant then selling copra to Bitung. The program to increase both productivity and agribisnis of coconut was estimated can increased coconut product up to 10% per year.
C. Ch. E. Latupeirissa, Bercomien J. Papilaya, Richo P. Lelloltery
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 33-38; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.33-38

Abstract:
The objective of the present study was to examined the chewing behaviour of Moa buffalo fed on local forages. The experiment was analysed as Latin square 4 x 4, four treatments and four replicates. The treatments were A (combination of graas and aulumadam), B (grass and knumge, C (grass and weru leaves) and D (grass).Variables measured were chewing during eating (intake rate, chewing rate and efficiency) and chewing during rumination (ruminating rate, time spent ruminating per bolus, rumination efficiency, and regurgitation rate). The result show that intake rate was 31.78, 30.52, 31.99, 32.14 gram/minutes for treatmen A, B, C and D, respectively. Chewing rate (no.of chew/minutes) for A, B, C and D was 50.81, 53.95, 56.50, and 55,67, reapectively, and chewing efficiency (no.of chews/dry weight) was 0.23, 0.31, 0.21, and 0.35 for A, B, C, and D, respectively. Ruminating rate (no of bolus/minutes) was 1.16, 1.06, 1.26, and 1.34 for A. B, C and D, respectively. Ruminating efficiency (no. of chews/bolus) for A, B, C, and D was 37.70, 43.68, 36.48 and 36.24, respectively. Time spent ruminating per bolus was 1.14, 0.96, 0.82. and 0.75 minutes for A, B, C, and D, respectivly, and regurgitation rate (minutes) was 0.16, 0.89, 1.46, and 0.44 for A, B, C, and D, respectively. It can be concluded than Moa buffalo consume all forages with similar rate and efficiency, while chewing rate differ among the the treatments. Chewing rumination is similar among all forages.
Adolf Heatubun, Michel J Matatula, Marcus Veerman, Heriyanus Jesayas
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 34-41; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.34-41

Abstract:
The technical managerial ability to produce eggs from farmers and farm company managers is an indicator of how well businesses organize successful production and business activities. This study aims to determine the technical indicators of production efficiency in the laying hens company UD. Fitra Abadi. The study used a survey method, the location was selected purposively, and the study lasted 31 days in October 2018. The sample used was one cage block with 2,100 hens laying hens. The results showed the laying hens, UD. Fitra Abadi applies a technology package that is lower in capacity by mixing shop food (35%), corn feed (45%), and bran feed (20%). Egg production produced an average of 1,738 eggs per day (82.76% of 2,100 chickens) is below the best capacity of the peak egg-laying period of 95%. Technical indicators of production show the average production of eggs per kg of food 6.43 eggs, marginal production of -0.3 eggs, and elasticity of -0.047. The efficiency of the company's production becomes negative, and the company operates in a loss phase.
Dominggus De Lima, J. S. A. Lamerkabel, Inggrid Welerubun
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 77-82; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.77-82

Abstract:
The aim of this research was to determine the kinds of pollen producer plants, its population density and the number of cells contained bee bread (pollen) at bee nest. The observed variables were kinds of plants in general and its density, pollen producer plants, number of cells contained bee breed (pollen). Method used was survey techniques which conducted in four bee farms. The farms were naturally rich of some flowering plants such as Cambodia, asoka, bougainville; and some horticulture plants such as coconut Cocos mufifera), nutmeg (Myristisca frogranas houtt), palm (Arenga pinnata) ,cacao (Theobroma cacao), clove (Syzygiumaromatioum); some fruits plants such as guava(Psidium guajava), nut guava(Arnacidium occidentale), ambutan(Nephelium lappaceum), mango(mangifera indica), banana(Musa paradisiacal), langsat(Lansium domesticium). From the four bee farms chosen, there was revealed that Dusun Kawatu has the highest plant density, followed by respectively Negeri Hatusua, Negeri Waehatu and Negeri Kamarian. Also, Dusun Kawatu has more pollen producer plant varieties in comparison to the other three Negeri/ Dusun(s). However, bee farm in Negeri Kamarian has more number of cell contained pollen than other farms; followed respectively by bee farms in Negeri hatusua, Dusun Kawatu and Negeri Waehatu.
Adolf Heatubun, Michel J. Matatula, Marcus Veerman
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 17-23; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.17-23

Abstract:
Egg production activities require the ability of Farmers or Farm company managers to control the amount of production produced, given the amount of production produced is a function of the inputs used. Each type of input has a certain capacity that is contributed at the level of production. Inaccuracy in controlling the production function can cause the production level to be not optimal, the use of the number of inputs is not optimal and inefficient. This study aims to analyze the egg production capacity produced related to the use of animal feed inputs. The study was conducted at the laying hens company UD. Fitra Abadi, and data were collected during October 2018. The sample used was one cage block with 2,100 hens laying hens. The results showed the capacity of laying hens as a permanent input on the U.D. Fitra Abadi is still low, namely production is only 26.19%. The shop food, corn feed, and bran feed are positively related to egg production. But statistically only shop food that significantly affect egg production, while the other two feeds are not significant. The capacity of the three inputs used is smaller than one (inelastic), but the capacity of shop food is greater than the other two feeds. The company needs to reduce the feeding of corn and bran and to prioritize giving full shop food to get the maximum amount of production.
Tabita Naomi Ralahalu, C. Ch. E. Latupeirissa, Max A. Tukalpaly
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 8, pp 39-43; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2020.8.1.39-43

Abstract:
To produce optimum carcass weight, broiler need an adequate ration which meet their nutrients requirement. This result in high feed cost which in turn increase cost of production. Therefore it is important to solve the problem by using non-conventional feedstuff such as agriculture by product or other ingredients. The aims of this study were : 1). To examine the effect of giving coconut milky juice and brown sugar water as drinking water on carcass weight and (2). To use by product of coconut milky juice as drinking water. Experimental design used was complete randomized design, with three treatments and five replications. Each replication consists of six chicken. The treatments were P0 (ration + plain water), P1 (ration + coconut milky juice (mature)) and P2 (ration + brown sugar water). Variables measured were: voluntary feed and drinking water intakes, carcass weight and percentage. Ration offered was commercial ration BR I produced by P.T Panca Patriot Prima Sidoarja. Chemical compositions of the ration were water content 12 %, minimum crude protein 21%, minimum crude lipid 6%, maximum crude fiber 5%, energy 3065 kcal/kg, ash 6,5%, calcium 0.9 -1.1%, phospor 0.7 - 0.9%, antibiotic bacitracin Methylene, Disalcylate, Coccodistat Monensin. 90 DOC broilers strain CP 707 were used. An adaptation period of 7 days allowed the animals to accustom to feed given and drinking water, and followed by 5 weeks measurement period. During the experiment the animals were fed twice daily at 07.00 and 16.00 h. The animal had free access to drinking water. The amount of drinking water and feed given was recorded daily. Drinking water and feed refusals were weighed every morning before the next feeding. Parameters measured were water and feed intakes, live and carcass weight, and carcass percentage. Drinking water and feed intakes were determined by subtracting water and feed refusal from water and feed offered. Slaughtered weight were determined by weighing live animals after 10 hours fasting. Carcass weight was determined by subtracting non carcass weight from slaughtered weight. Analyses of variance were done using the General Linear Model (GLM). Least squares means and standard error were produced. Main effects were detected using LSD. Voluntary intakes were 1805.69 g, 1799.14 g, and 1806.66 g for P0, P1 and P2 respectively. The result shows that the treatments does not affect voluntary intake significantly (P > 0.05). However, broilers drank more (P < 0.05) coconut milky juice (mature) (P1/10287.2 ml), than plain water (P0/9118.8 ml) or water contains brown sugar (P2/9081.8 ml). Slaughter and carcass weight of broilers are 1701.33 g,1849.40 g, 1847.27 g and 1263.87 g, 1386.00, 1379.90, for P0, P1 and P2 respectively. Statistical analysis show significant differences (P < 0.05) in slaughter and carcass weight among the treatments in which those parameters are higher for broilers received P1 and P2 than that of P0. Carcass percentage is the ratio of slaughter and carcass weight, which are 74.27%, 74.93 and 74.71 for P0, P1 and P2, respectively. No differences in carcass percentage were obtained (P > 0.05) among the treatments. In conclusion, the present study has shown that giving 1 % brown sugar in drinking water and coconut milky juice (mature) as drinking water has no significant effect on voluntary intake and carcass percentage. However, giving brown sugar water and coconut milky juice (mature) affect drinking water consumption, slaughter and carcass weight.
Isye Jean Liur, Astri Dwiyanti Tagueha
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 59-63; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.59-63

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to known sensory quality of meat (carcass) and bakso from four strain of native chicken whose receive fermented herbs. This study used four treatments (G1 – Native, G2 – Bangkok, G3 – KUB, G4 – Bangkok Hybrid) and three replications, each of them was observed by 20 panelists. During three months of observation, each treatment received same dosage and frequency of fermented herbs and also the number of commercial feed. The results showed that : (1) the sensory quality of meat (carcass) revealed the differences in colour and acceptability but not in flavor and texture, and (2) the sensory quality of bakso revealed the differences only in colour, yet its absent in flavor, texture, and tenderness.
Navly Comilo Tiven, Marcus Veerman, Hartina Pembuain
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 14-19; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.14-19

Abstract:
This study aims was to determine the effect of different types of poultry meat on organoleptics quality of abon. As much as 500 grams of breast meat from three types of poultry (Arabian chicken, Manila duck and pigeon) are made into abon. Boiled meat, torn to lenght, mixed evenly with spices then boiled until cooked. Add the coconut milk, cooked on low fire while stirred until the coconut milk dries, then fries using oil over low fire for 10-15 minutes, then drained to remove the oil. The abon is served in 3 different places, then tested organoleptic (color, aroma, texture, taste and preference) by 15 untrained panelists. The data obtained were analyzed by variance for complete randomized design. The results showed that the use of different poultry meat had a significant on color (P
Rajab Rajab, Bercomien Juliet Papilaya
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.1.1-5

Abstract:
The objective of this research was to know both the population structure and the inbreeding rate per generation of native fowl in Teluk Ambon District Ambon Regency. This study was conducted by using survey method with purposive random sampling of 60 farmers/breeders from Tawiri, Hatiwe Besar and Wayame villages. The variables observed were the number of adult male chicks (Nm), number of adult female chicks (Nf), number of young male and young female chicks, actual population size (Na), effective population size (Ne), and the rate of inbreeding per generation (ΔF). The results showed that structure population of the domectic fowl in Teluk Ambon district include the number of adult male chicks 558 tail (8,17 %), young male chicks 1031 tail (15,10 %), male of DOC 1486 tail (21,76 %), whereas the number of female were 1451 tail (21,25 %), 1176 tail (17,22 %), and 1126 tail (16,49 %) respectively for adult, young and DOC. Actual population size of domestic fowl was 2009 tail and the size of population effective was 1612 tail. The rate of inbreeding per generation was 0.000310 %.
Ch. Leiwakabessy, Yatni Yatni, C. Uruilal, R. E. Ririhena, F. J. Rumalatu
Agrinimal Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Tanaman, Volume 7, pp 48-52; https://doi.org/10.30598/ajitt.2019.7.2.48-52

Abstract:
Endophytic bacteria is microbe lives in plant tissues without causing symptoms of disease. The benefit of utilizing endophytic bacteria as a technique for controlling diseases such as sprout (R. solani) has been known due to its ability to live and to colonize plant internal tissues. This study aims to determine the ability of endophytic bacteria from sago to suppress the growth of R. solani in vitro. This research was conducted using 19 isolates of endophytic bacteria from sago with 5 replications. The results showed that two endophytic isolates namely STA2 and STA13 were able to suppress the growth of R. solani pathogens compared to controls with inhibition percentage of 41.86% and 16.27%, respectively.
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