#### Results in Journal CALL: 44

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Sopa Marwati, Nur Holis, Hasbi Assiddiqi
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
Social conflict happens due to diversities of opinion, culture, and ideology in the certain society. It can be discovered in every stratum of society level, social conflict can occur in the upper, middle and lower class. This study explained social class conflicts which were taken from two movies: Parasite (2019) and Joker (2019). This study uses a comparative literary theory by Sussan Bassnet. Th study also used focused on the social class conflict theory by Lewis Coser and the classification of people by Karl Max. The method used in this research is descriptive in technique of analyzing the data was obtaining by categorizing, describing and interpreting the data, then making conclusion. The result showed that in the Parasite and the Joker movies contained of social class conflict, it occurred inter classes of people in a society. based on analysis, it concluded that both of the movie has differences in the social class conflict and the causes of the conflict itself. However, both movies have the same consequences of the conflict. In the Parasite movie social class conflict occurred inter the lower class. While, in the Joker movie, the social class conflict occurred between the upper and lower class. Keywords: social class conflcit, comparative literature, Parasite, Joker
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
This study focuses on a word or line that is identified as satire in a drama entitled The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus. The data was taken in the form of dialogues from the characters. Demon as a satirical expression means that the words or line identified as satire was built by several elements that are attached with demon characteristics (demonic). Demon is a creature who has clear characteristics as a bad set. The bad character of the demon is representative of satire. The character demon is a representation of ugliness or evil of the object criticized in the drama The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus. Researchers used the descriptive analysis method by Ratna (2004) in conducting this research. Descriptive analysis is a method used to analyze data and facts in the text and then interpret them. The researcher used two theories in seeing the story. Inter-relationship principle and semiotic. The results of this research found three important elements in accordance with the topic of this research. The first is the antagonist character Mephistophilis, the demon. The second is the allusion to Franciscan Friar. Third, the phrase holy shape becomes the devil best is satire. Thus, the combination of elements leads to a demon as a form of satirical expression. Keywords: Satire, Demon, Allusion
Afina Aji Bangkit, Yusup Jamaludin
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
To see industrialization effects in England, this research focused on a literary work of an essay. The book can describe and express what happened in the reality. This research focuses on the book to know Industrialization effects on George Orwell The Road to Wigan Pier. The Road to Wigan Pier written in 1937 tells the experience, notes, and ideas from George Orwell when he walked down the slums area in England. In order to reveal the ideology within the book, this research uses qualitative research to interpret the data. The data were collected through purposive sampling, namely focusing on the data that concerns the industrialization encountered in the elements of the book. As a result, George Orwell divided his work into two parts. The first part content about George Orwell notes when he walked down the slums area in England. He describes slums condition, the lodging that he occupies, the state of miners condition, poverty, and unemployment. In the second part content about George Orwell idea and his critic of industrialization effects and the failure of socialism and his perspective on socialism, his opinion about socialism that the real socialist is people who actively want to see tyranny is destroyed and not only imagine that matters only to want. Keywords: Industrialization; Industrialization effects; socialism
Jeanniefer Sholihati, Arry Purnama
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
Racism still needs attention because it still happens until now. Where’s the Money is attractive popular movie about black people so that this research focuses on exploring the kind of racism in Where’s the Money (2017) movie to get a closer look at some kinds of coming from the action and/or dialogue. The main objective of this research is to determine the forms of racism. The researchers employed Mark Harlsted’s theory of racism by literary criticism and an objective approach. This research is also framed in a qualitative descriptive method in collecting the data. The result shows that racial discrimination often occurs in the movie. There are three types of racial discrimination found in the movie: Pre-reflected Gut Racism, Cultural Racism, and Institutional Racism. The findings are ten data showing Pre-reflected Gut Racism, eight data exhibiting Cultural Racism, and three data displaying Institutional Racism. The three data that have been collected and listed are those that have been classified based on their form and types, and also analyzed according to the approach and theories. Based on the findings, it can be seen that Whites give opportunity to a Black to join his community only for their own advantages. That is, to make a good image in the society as open-minded individuals concerning the racial issues. Most people say that racism does no longer exist, but the reality makes different views. In the US, Black Lives Matter is one of the movements which becomes a great issue and very crucial, which is also related to racial topic. Keywords: Racial Discrimination; Racism; Movie; Pre-reflected Gut Racism;     Cultural Racism; Institutional Racism
Zuhrotunnisa Elviana Indah Kumala, Zuliati Rohmah
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
This study aims to describe the types of directive acts contained in the Onward film using the theory of Keith Allan (1986). The subject of this study is the main characters of the Onward film by Dan Scanlon. This qualitative-descriptive study collected data from the main characters’ utterances of the film in the form of words, phrases, or sentences that contain directive acts in each scene of the Onward film. The researchers collected data by listening, recording, and note-taking to obtain complete and reliable data on various forms of directive acts. The researchers as the main instruments analyzed the data in four stages: identification, classification, interpretation, and conclusion. The results of the analysis of 51 directive acts show six kinds of directive acts, that is, advice, requirements, permissions, prohibitions, questions, and requests with questions as the most dominant ones.
Jelita Dewanty Hendarsyah, Abd. Hannan Ef, Lili Awaludin
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
In this thesis, the researcher focuses on discussing the coup in The Lion King film directed by John Favreau in 2019. This research is based on the model proposed by Antonio Gramsci's hegemony of power, this theory covers the causes of the normal practice of overthrowing power and the relationship of consent using the power structure. The purpose of this research is to find out and understand the relationship between the conflict between the main characters causing the coup d'etat represented in film literature; especially in examining the similarities in the causes of the coup d'etat from the perspective of the Hegemony of Power, the three aspects that caused the coup d'etat; Obsession, Discrimination, and Betrayal. To find out the truth, the researcher focuses on examining the hegemony of power that is applied in The Lion King Film. Hegemony is applied in the form of driving bad opinions to achieve the desired result, namely becoming a king. The results of this study indicate that there are 3 reasons for the application of the hegemony of power contained in The Lion King Film, obsession, driving bad opinion, cunning.
Erfina Nuryusticia, Dian Nurrachman
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
The final interview with Obama, as one of influential persons in the world, attracted many media to broadcast. His interview showed real-life interaction of a representative figure so that the way he used language is also representative. Specifically, this study aims at finding out the kinds of social deixis and to describe the function of social deixis in The Final Interview with the Obamas. The data are analyzed in a qualitative descriptive method to point out the phenomena of social deixis in the news as a part of daily life and since the collection of the data are mostly analyzed by using description and explanation form which focus on the characteristics, types, and the reason why the usage of social deixis is the main issues to be investigated. Based on the analysis of The Final Interview with The Obamas from the PeopleTV YouTube channel, it can be concluded that all types of social deixis according to Levinson’s theory are found in the object of research. There are relational which manifested by the speaker and referent, the speaker and addressee, the speaker and bystander, and the speaker and setting. There is also absolute social deixis which is manifested by the authorized speaker, and the authorized recipient absolute social deixis. In addition, the three functions of social deixis are also found in the utterances in The Final Interview with The Obamas. Those are the social status differentiation function, politeness function, and social identity function. Keywords: Social Deixis; Interview; Pragmatics
Alfi Muhammad Firdaus, Mahi M. Hkikmat
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
Novels The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn written by Mark Twain and The Kite Runner written by Khaled Hosseini have similarities in describing struggle against hegemony. The term of “hegemony” is related to a domination of dominant group to subordinate group through agreement. In addition, this hegemony can also include physical violence to strengthen the domination. Meanwhile the term “Struggle” means that there are also resistances against the hegemony. These two novels were analyzed by comparative literature theory by Susan Basnett and Antoni Gramsci’s theory about hegemony. Focus of this research is how the writers describe hegemony and counter hegemony in social environment through literary work. This research aims to describe hegemony from dominant group to subordinate group in several kinds such as culture, ideology, intellectual and moral leadership, and state. This research also describes about several resistances, such as active, passive, and humanistic resistance. The result of this research is that there are similarities and differences of hegemony and counter hegemony based on state of factor of American and Afghanistan. The similarities can be found in the struggle, such as passive and humanistic resistance. Meanwhile for the difference in hegemony, the novel The Kite Runner includes physical hegemony through war and assassination. For the difference in struggle, The Kite Runner provide an active resistance toward a dominant group. Keywords: Hegemony; Counter Hegemony; Comparative Literature
Usti Maula, Rahma Ilyas
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
This research focuses on analyzing coronavirus impact expressions in Tempo English magazine by using theory of connotative meaning from Leech as the grand theory and from Hook as the supporting theory. The focus is on two kinds of connotative meaning, namely, positive and negative connotative meaning. The objectivities of this research are to find out and to explain the use of negative and connotative meaning. The research is qualitative by which helps the researcher to describe the data being studied. In analyzing qualitative data, there are various kinds of methods, including qualitative content analysis. The use of a qualitative content analysis in this research is to know, to describe, and to analyze the use of connotative meaning applied in Tempo English magazine, April 14, 2020 edition. The result of this research is that Tempo English magazine uses many connotative meaning of coronavirus impact expressions. There are 15 expressions as negative connotative meaning and 12 expressions as positive connotative meaning. The findings indicates that the use negative connotative meaning of coronavirus impact expressions in Tempo English magazine are associated with threats in economy sector and associated with inappropriate government policies in an effort to prevent the spread of covid-19 as well as the impact of pandemic in many sectors. Besides, the use positive connotative meaning of coronavirus impact expressions in Tempo English magazine are associated with solutions to avoid spread of Covid-19 as well as solutions to avoid the impact of pandemic, and associated with the government’s responsibility and seriousness in dealing with preventing the spread of coronavirus as well as in dealing with the impact of coronavirus. Keywords: semantics; connotative meaning; coronavirus impact
Reski Amaliah Haming, Jumharia Djamereng
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
This research analyzes rhetoric which is uttered by President Trump in his political speech in Palm Beach, Florida on January 2020 on the killing of Qassem Soleimani. The analysis involves its context, arguments, and also the effects caused by his speech. The research method used is descriptive qualitative method. The data were taken from the video, the transcript of the speech and the news related to the speech. Martin theory (2014) of rhetorical analysis on political speech and Ciceros theory in Aristotle (2008) of the classical principle of rhetoric are used to analyze the data. The research results are the rhetorical context of President Trumps speech is to respond and clarify the killing of Qassem Soleimani; and the accusation of started a war, thus the rhetorical argument shows that the speech used all the classical principle of rhetoric and the rhetorical effect of the speech is escalating the tension in the region.
Irma Ulfia Farahani, Wahju Kusumajanti, Zulidyana Dwi Rusnalasari
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
This study attempts to analyze a fairy tale novel entitled “The Adventure of Pinocchio”, which talks about the story of the irrepressible marionette who longed to become a real boy. This study focuses on revealing the categories of moral value and describing the building children's character implied in this novel. To analyze this novel, the researcher uses two principles theory to find out the objectives of the studies. There are moral values argued by Linda & Eyre and the theory of children’s character building based on Lewis. The method of this study is qualitative research, which means it does not need statistical procedure to analyze the material. This study merely uses “The Adventure of Pinocchio,” a novel by Carlo Collodi, translated into English version by Carol Della Chiesa as the primary data source. At the same time, the secondary data sources are taken from other literary books and related references to support and complete the primary data. As a result, the researcher finds that some elements of moral values such as love and affection, sensitivity and not-selfish, bravery, self-discipline, and moderation occurred in the content of the novel. Meanwhile, building children's character can be implied through “The Adventure of Pinocchio's” fairy tale: honesty, responsible, regard, respect, and compassionated.
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
Detective Pikachu movie, a family genre movie, has universal cultural identity across countries even continents which is representative of internationally accepted movies through all ages and culture. Communication between speakers and listeners should fulfill maxims in order to have an effective communication and to avoid misunderstanding. The research uses Grice's theory of the Cooperative Principle in order to describe the communication that happens among the characters in the movie. The purpose of this research is: to find out maxim of quantity flouted in the characters’ dialogue in Detective Pikachu movie and to find out the other characters involved in the dialogue respond to this flouting maxim of quantity. The obtained data were analyzed with descriptive qualitative method. As the findings, there are 30 data flouting maxims of quantity has flouted in the characters dialogue in Detective Pikachu movie. Almost all of the characters in the movie flouted the maxim of quantity. The characters are said to be flouting the maxim of quantity because they are in the dialogue that occurs. They are too much or too little in providing information. When viewed from the comparison of the dialogue in the movie, giving too much information is more often done by the characters than giving too little information. the other hearer responds to the speaker who flouted the maxim of quantity is not to be bothered by this because it is helped by the implicature, insights and experiences of the characters so that the dialogue can still work well. Keywords: Pragmatics; Cooperative Principle; Flouting Maxim
Mega Bunga Indriyana, Yuyun Nurulaen, Erlan Aditya Ardiansyah
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
Ajeng Rahayu, Hanafi Bilmona
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
This research deals with analyzing language from the perspective of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) from Donald Trump’s speech in the Arab Islamic American Summit. In English, one of types of meaning is Interpersonal meaning. It is realized by mood and modality. This research focuses on mood, then formulated into two research questions: 1) What mood types are used in Donald Trump’s speech in the Arab Islamic American summit? 2) What mood adjuncts are used in Donald Trump’s speech in the Arab Islamic American Summit?. The method used in this research is qualitative research. The source of data is the video of Donald Trump’s speech from Youtube. It was taken from (CNN, 2017) to get the transcript of speech by Donald Trump. It was found that there were 355 clauses in Donald Trump’s speech; there were 4 types of mood in the speech of Donald Trump; there were 337 declaratives mood with percentage 94.92%, 4 Polar-Interrogatives mood with percentage 1.12%, 4 WH-Interrogatives mood with percentage 1.12% and 10 imperatives mood with percentage 2.25%. Declarative as the most dominant types of mood is used in Donald Trump’s, speech which means that he gave or stated information to the audiences. In addition, in Donald Trump’s speech, there are 19 clauses which contain mood adjunct. The findings indicated that there were 3 types of mood adjunct in the speech, namely, 5 adjuncts of modality with percentage 26.31%, 3 adjuncts of temporality with percentage 15.78%, and 11 adjuncts of intensity with percentage 57.89%. The most dominant is adjuncts of intensity which expresses expectation.  Keywords: Systemic Functional Linguistics; Mood; Mood Adjunct
Astrid Astrid, Faidah Yusuf, Jumharia Djamereng
Published: 31 December 2021
Abstract:
This study is to determine the various forms of conversational implicature and their function on the talk show Oprah Winfrey Network's SuperSoul Sunday Program. The data were evaluated descriptively qualitatively. The results show that three types of data classified as generalized conversational implicature and eleven types of data classified as particularized conversational implicature, depending on the utterance. Each host has a unique personality and circumstance, which contributes to defiance of the dictum. By floating the maxim, the speaker inferred meaning through his or her justifications, which either too brief or too detailed. As a result, the speaker delivered an irrelevant and ambiguous speech in response to the interlocutor. In conclusion, this implicature discovered the representational, directive, expressive, and declarative functions of utterances.
Fitri Hafsyari, Bunyamin Faisal
Published: 30 June 2021
Abstract:
This paper discusses slavery in Bilal: A New Breed of Hero film and 12 Years A Slave film. From the title of this paper, it would be known that the objects for this research are Bilal: A New Breed of Hero film and 12 Years A Slave film. The focus of this paper is to seek the portrayal of slavery and its relationship with economic and religion. To analyze both objects, the theory of slavery from Kevin Bales is employed, which sees that slavery is a state marked by the loss of free will. In addition, the theory of Marxism by Karl Marx as a literary theory to assist this research is also used since it is related to examine two antagonistic classes, which in this case, between slave and freeman. They are also used to discuss economic and religion. Besides, the researcher is going to compare both objects by using comparative literature. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis method and comparative literature method. As a result of the analysis, Bilal in the movie is not in accordance with what Karl Marx’s theory that said ‘someone will not contemplate about mental production such as religion, philosophy, and ethics (morality) before he fulfils his economy and basic needs, because maintaining economic power is the motive behind those things’. Bilal does not represent this theory because he is not materialist. Besides, he embraced Islam firmly, so even he was a slave and economically he had nothing, but he chose to prioritize religion (which is included in mental production) before economy (material production). Keywords: slave; slavery; economy; religion; Marxism
Desi Amalia, Andang Saehu, Irman Nurhapitudin
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
The study is conducted based on qualitative research design with descriptive analysis. The data are 67 passive construction in Indonesian and English as used in the novel “9 Summers 10 Autumns (Dari Kota Apel ke The Big Apple)” and translated into “9 Summers 10 Autumns (From the City of Apples to the Big Apple). The research problems are the first what are the corresponding equivalents of Indonesian passive in English as used in the Novel 9 Summers 10 Autumns and its translation, the second what is the translation method or procedure that used in the process of passive voice translation. The steps and procedures of discovering the answer to the both of research problems are shown under the discussion of research method which includes: (1) the data source, (2) method and technique of collecting the data consisting of observation method and note-taking technique; (3) method and technique of analyzing the data. The results of the study show that among the passive in Indonesian which can be identified in SL, most are marked by prefix di- (prefix di- + verb base) and (prefix di-+ verb base + suffix –kan, -i) which are also translated into passive in English (be+past participle ) with four types namely to infinitive translation, by agent translation (stated and implied) and the rest translated into active. This clearly reveals that some passives in SL are retained, namely translated into passive in English and some others are translated into actives. Second, from the whole data analysis the researcher found 4 types of translation methods or procedures used in the passive translation, namely literal translation, transposition, modulation, and adaptation.Keywords: Passive voice, translation procedures, novel
Lisa Nurhanifah, Dewi Kustanti, Nurholis Nurholis
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
This research tells about translation method of preposition. Preposition is the word that simple to translated, but it is complicate to find the good word, because there are so many meaning in dictionary. Even the translator does not always get the meaning from dictionary. This purpose of research is analyzing the translation of simple and complex preposition used in “J.D. Salinger’s Novel The Catcher in The Rye. And to find out the kinds of translation methods in translating of simple and complex preposition on it. The method of research uses descriptive qualitative method. Technique of collecting data, the researcher uses documentation. Technique of analyzing data, the researcher uses constant comparative method by Glaser and Strauss with four steps are data reduction, data categorization, data synthetization and hypothesis. The result of research is translator use four translation method of preposition. There are literal translation, semantic translation, free translation and communicative translation. mostly translator uses literal translation. Preposition has many meaning in dictionary, that’s why there are no word-for-word because researcher things that translator is process the translation of preposition. There are many kinds of preposition. The researcher dividing become two parts, are simple and complex (Randolph Quirk,1985). Simple preposition mostly available than complex in the novel. Because simple preposition is easy to find in the novel.Keywords: preposition, literal translation, semantic translation, free translation, communicative translation
Winanda Ayu Ningtyas, Udayani Permanaludin, Dedi Sulaeman
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
This research analyzes the comparison of intrinsic elements in the novel and the movie script The Hobbit. this work tells about unexpected adventures. A long journey is one of man's biggest dreams. Break away from the comfort of life, explore the uncharted world, without a definite purpose and guarantee a safe return. This is what make decided them Bilbo, Gandalf, and thirteen Dwarves to meet Smaug, the giant dragon inhabiting the Silent Mountain. In this research, researchers used the Racmat Ddjoko Pradopo theory. Pradopo explained that structuralism is a structure with elements that are closer and every element that has meaning in relation to other elements. The researcher used the comparative method because the object under study was a comparative literary work. In analyzing the data, the researcher analyzed the quotes in the novel that were in accordance with the topic and also the theory used. This study aims to analyze the similarities and differences in intrinsic elements in the novels and scripts of the film The Hobbit. it can be seen that the intrinsic element plays an important role in building the story so that it is conveyed by the reader.Keywords: The Hobbit, Structuralism, Intrinsic Elements, Comparative Studies, Similarities and Differences.
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
Racism is a belief or ideology that all members of each racial groups possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially to distinguish it as being either superior or inferior to another racial group. Continuation of a racism is stereotype. Stereotypes are generalized because one assumes that the stereotype is true for each individual person in the category. Literary works applying this concept in many worked and one of them is film. Therefore, the writer is interested in discussing the mentioned topic with objective of the research: To identify how racism constructed in Get Out movie and to analyze the stereotype of racism appeared in Get Out movie. The method used in this research is sociology of literature, because it is appropriate to analyze literary work which focused on the racism attitude in Get Out movie script. The grand theory for the topic is Racism a Short History by George M. Fredrickson and Stereotype as Explanations by Craig McGarty. While the object of this research is Get Out movie script by Jordan Peele. The result of data analysis show that racism constructed by three elements there are dialog, characterization and plot. And stereotype of racism that appeared in Get Out movie is discrimination, prejudice and violence. From the finding of data analysis, it can be concluded that the result of the research is that Get Out movie have a racism content with suitable features that match with the theory. Therefore, it is clear and not surprising if the work indeed has the impression of “racist”, since most of literary work with racism issue does have that kind of impression to the readers or the spectators.Keywords: racism, sociology of literature, movie script
Astri Thea Rahmanita, Ice Sariyati, Yuyun Nurulaen
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
Prepositional Phrase is the part of preposition and absolutely it is the part of grammar too. It has rules and deregulations that must be obeyed. Without a correct replacement of preposition, the meaning of the sentence can make the people confused. Hence, the research questions of this research are: 1) What are the positions of prepositions phrase of sentences found in Novel The Perfect Nany written by Leila Slimani?. 2) What are the patterns of tree diagram for a prepositional phrase of sentences found in Novel The Perfect Nany written by Leila Slimani?. The researcher use Position of Prepositional Phrase theory by Frank (1972) and theory of a tree diagram by Delahunty and Garvey (2010) to analyze the data. The findings show that the position of prepositional phrase in novel The Perfect Nany written by Leila Slimani is dominated by position in adverbial function (34 data). And the position in adjectival function is only found with 16 data. Base on the data analysis, it can be concluded that prepositional phrase adverbial function is more widely used than prepositional phrase adjectival function, because it can modify the verb, adverb, and adjectival that are mostly found in sentences. It is was also concluded that in one sentence there could be more than one prepositional phrase through the tree diagram that have been analyzed.Key words: Prepositional Phrase, Adverbial Function, Adjectival Function
Suroto Suroto, Ika Yatmikasari
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
The Research analyzes how the social relationships are negotiated through the discourse of social networking sites in the form of Facebook status commenting on West Java Paragliding World Championship (WJPWC) 2019. The analysis focuses on how the participant tells her feelings about things and people through her Facebook status during the WJPWC event. By the qualitative descriptive method, the Facebook status of a paragliding legend was analyzed using the interpersonal metafunction of Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics and appraisal theory of Martin and Rose. Using the interpersonal metafunction, the attitudes and judgments of the participant are evaluated based on the speech roles, mood types, and modalities used in the text. The appraisal theory is used for further evaluation to know how the feelings of the participant by evaluating (1) the kinds of attitudes (affect, judgment and appreciation), (2) the attitude resources, and (3) how the attitudes are amplified. The result showed that the participant through her four Facebook status consisted of 26 clauses used the speech roles of giving information in the mood types of declarative. By the mood types, the participant directly and explicitly showed the positive attitudes commenting on the WJPWC event and realized in several linguistic realizations. The participant who roles as the attitude resources expressed her feelings in three main types of attitudes; (1) her positive affect or feelings, (2) her positive judgment of personal and moral, and (3) her positive and negative appreciation of valuing thing during the WJPWC event. The participant also used several metaphors that play important roles in constructing her gradable feelings and emotion.Keywords: Appraisal Theory, Attitude Evaluation, Interpersonal metafunction, Systemic Functional Linguistics
R. Myrna Nur Sakinah, Khaerunnisa Siti Latifah, Jenny Rahmi Nuraeni
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
This research purposes at describing the roles of semantic study precisely the roles of agent and experiencer in Pudarnya Pesona Cleopatra novel written by Habiburrahman El Shirazy. The research conducted by the writer is qualitative research. The data of this study are agent and experiencer roles that the data source is taken from Pudarnya Pesona Cleopatra novel written by Habiburrahman El Shirazy published in 2003. The method that is used by the writer to collect the data is documentation with the steps: (1) figure out the sentences that contain agent and experiencer in that novel, (2) classify the types of sentences by investigating the novel. In analyzing data, the writer used Saeed’s theory of participant roles for the major theory. The result of this study shows that there are seventeen patterns that are classified into two roles. They are ten sentences of the agent and seven sentences of the experiencer.Keywords: Semantic, Participant Roles, Agent, Experiencer
Rahmah Nurul Aziz, Yuyun Nurulaen, Pepen Priyawan
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
Every parent has high hopes for their children. They will protect their children from a bad environment to keep them from behaving badly too. This is also because their minds will be influenced by the environment in which they grow and develop. Because this research is based on literature, the researcher uses literary devices to support good and accurate research. Therefore, this paper uses qualitative research that provides description of the phenomena. For more technical analysis on the comparison of the data taken from the novel, this research uses comparative literature method. The results show that novel Harry Potter and The Order of Phoenix presents clearly the struggle of Harry and his friends to defeat Voldemort and his followers. Therefore, after the death of his parents, Harry was entrusted to a good family and an environment filled with people who really care about him. Imagination and ambition will be created on the basis of the thoughts of the doer. Therefore, the development of character in terms of ambition and imagination was found in the novel.Keywords: Literature, Children Character, Imagination, Ambition
Firman Nur Zaman, Udayani Permanaludin
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
Movie script is a narrative literary wok that has intrinsic elements in it, that the intrinsic elements are theme, setting, point of view, plot, moral value, and last but not least are character and characterization. Movie script that are visualized into movies are categorized as modern dramas. Nowdays, the movie is used as a medium of entertainment and as a medium for delivering messages. This research aims to find two things, that is the personality disorders experienced by the main character in “Inside Out” movie script by Pete Docter. In this research, the researcher uses Sigmun Freud’s psychoanalytic theory (1923), and assisted by other supporting theories. The result of the research found that there were eight types of personality disorders of ten types of personality disorders. This research uses DSM-V (2013) as a reference for discussion of personality disorders.Keywords: Personality Disorder, Main Character, Inside Out Movie, Riley, Author, Dialogue, Narration.
Mella Nur Mauliah, Tenny Sudjatnika
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
Literature is a fiction in which the author has freedom in expressing their imagination. In viewing a film, the audience can represent the film according to what they see. This can be seen from the story line, moral massage, character, and so on. The character in a literary work elevates the aesthetic value, any character can be described by the author. It can be contained in a literary works, because it is an idea or imagination of someone to created an aesthetic purposes. The ugliness in the character it is called as grotesque. The grotesque character cause their alienation from his society, because the structured of body in ugly or odd. Researcher look for data relating to the question of the problem, how the of Cavern Concept in Beauty and The Beast. In this study, researcher used descriptive methods according to Suryana (2010:20) “metode yang digunakan untuk mencari unsur-unsur, ciri-ciri, sifat-sifat suatu fenomena. Metode ini dimulai dengan mengumpulkan data, menganalisis data dan menginterpretasikannya.” These conflicts to revealing the cavern concept includes: (1) condemnation of a Prince become an ugly figure. (2) transformation into to a Beast. (3) character’s emotional changes, because he as a Beast. (4) beast’s alienation from his environment or his world.
Ingga Rosarini, Pepi Siti Paturohmah, Hasbi Assiddiqi
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
This study is aims at revealing the female masculinity or masculine character reflected in the character heroine of Katniss Everdeen and Xena. The characters created are also both heroes mostly born in the adventure genre. Heroine is the female protagonist character. The hero overcomes these opponents because he is strong, brave, resourceful, rational, and determined to succeed, he may receive assistance from wise and benefit being who recognize him for what he is. The words masculine can refer to the property of being biologically male. Inferiority to high culture are derived from, and refer back to, the sexist constructions of femininity and masculinity in the wider society. Researcher look for data relating to the question of the problem, how are the masculinity aspect of heroine described in Xena: Warrior Princess and The Hunger Games Movie. The researcher used comparative method to find differences and similarities of the both character to be used as objects of research with the topic woman characters. From the analysis, it was found that Katniss and Xena had masculinity of heroine. This also shows a striking difference in both character.Keywords: heroine, masculinity, comparative, film, sexist.
Sandy Agung, Dadan Rusmana, Lili Awaludin
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
This research discusses the narrative discourse structure in Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction movie script. Pulp Fiction (1994) Pulp Fiction is known as one of the best crime and drama genre movie. Pulp Fiction directed by Quentin Tarantino. Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avery wrote the script. The movie presented many drops of blood, fights, and gun in the scenes. This movie also provides us with many “nigga” words. The researcher used Gerrard Genette’s narrative discourse theory. This study was conducted into two research problem; 1. What are the kinds of voice that consist in Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction movie script? 2. What are the kinds of frequency that consists in Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction movie script? The result of this research shows that in this movie there are two kinds of voice. Moreover, there are some data that show frequency that exist in Quentin Tarantino’ Pulp Fiction movie script.
Asya Durrotun Nafisah, Ujang Suyatman, Deuis Sugaryamah
Published: 25 June 2020
Abstract:
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
The aim of this research is to discuss the comparison of the heroine’s journey in Brave movie (2012) and Moana movie (2016). To analyze both of them, the researcher uses the theory of hero’s journey by Christopher Vogler. Hero’s or heroine’s journey is a stage about growth and passage each stage of journey must be passed successfully then could be called as a hero or heroine. Not only analyze the hero’s journey, but also compare it by using comparative literature theory. This research is designed as a literary criticism. The method used in this research is comparative literature method. The results of the research indicate that the heroine in Brave and Moana movie, both of the heroine have gone through several stages in Heroine's Journey. There is one difference in the two movies when viewed from the heroine's journey. From twelve hero’s journey by Vogler, the heroine in Brave movie goes through 9 stages of hero’s journey. Meanwhile the heroine in Moana movie passed 10 stages of the hero’s journey.Keywords: Comparative Literature, Movie, Hero’s Journey.
Indah Maria Ulfa,
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
The brain of psychopaths may differ from normal individuals in terms of their cerebral organization of language. Psychopaths have a different way of communicating their ideas within their minds. There is a distinct technique of psychopathic language which can be identified. Therefore, this study examines the kinds of speech techniques of psychopaths. It aims at discovering the semantic and morphological techniques used by four psychopaths in the Dark Matter YouTube channel. Methodologically, this study is categorized as descriptive qualitative research. The data were in the form of utterances by four psychopaths in Dark Matter channel posted on October 10, 2019. There were sixteen data in the form of utterances which contained kinds of the speech technique used by psychopaths. The researchers calculated the data by observing, transcribing, describing, and analyzing the speech of psychopaths in the Dark Matter channel. Further, the data were classified by using Timor and Weiss (2008) patterns of psychopathic knowledge. The results showed that four psychopathic individuals demonstrated the kinds of speech technique, which has a distinct pattern using semantic and morphological techniques. Based on semantic technique, all categories found in the data are vocabulary, repetition, figurative language, positive and negative connotations, and anaphora. The result also shows three categories of morphological techniques: nominalization, passivization, and first-person plural. This study is expected to be a reference for further researcher for analyzing the phenomena of psychopathic language. Keywords: semantic techniques, morphological technique, psychopathic language, psychopaths
Ari Nabila, Fauzi Miftakh
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
This study examines the types of requesting strategies that occur in the English textbook and investigate the context of the dialogues in the textbook. This research employed qualitative content analysis approach. The data were utterances, in the form of sentences, clauses or words that appears in the textbook, while the contexts of the data were the dialogues. Data were obtained through document analysis consisted of nine request strategies. The data were analyzed by determining the request strategies based on Trosborg‘s theory (1995), and context of situation theory by Holmes (2001). The result shows that there are eight strategies of requesting found within the textbook. The types that appears most frequently within the textbook is questioning ability/willingness and the slightest showing up is mild hints and suggestory formulae. A few sorts are also found such as, imperatives, demands/needs, wish, permissions, and strong hints. The data showed, understanding speech acts also means understanding how language is used and practiced or, in other words understanding the context. Thus, misunderstanding and misinterpretation can be minimized.Keywords: Requesting, Speech Act, Context of Situation, Textbook
Siti Setia Mintarsih, Denny Kodrat, Raynesa Noor Emiliasari
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
Tempo.co as well-known mass media in Indonesia gains tremendous attention from public reader concerning Covid-19 pandemic. The influential news that it produced has discursive dimension that can be analyzed by Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). This study is a textual analysis that uses CDA theory with purposive sampling from tempo.co news as the data. In this study, it can be found that Tempo.co portray this media as a ‘watchdog’ that serves to supervise those who have a power within politics (government). Tempo’s newspaper produces text news that reflects to the government depiction in their policies. Thus, Tempo’s newspaper led the readers to give a positive image to Tempo.co as an active and existent media in serving the truth. Tempo.co try to gain the public trust to consume their news, then Tempo will get a high profit in it. Keywords: CDA; Ideology; Socio-culture; Mass Media
Dite Nursyamsi Mahmutami
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
This research discusses the representation and discourse which focused on the elements of characterization and narration which is presented by mental disorder character in Silver Linings Playbook (2012), Touched with Fire (2015), and The Other Half (2016). In this research, mental illness is not analyzed as a medical narration but also is one of signifying practices. The approaches of media representation analysis from Simon Cross (2014) and Harper (2008) are used to determine the representation of life experiences and disassemble the emerging discourses. The result indicates that when mental illness is represented in the romantic film, the stereotype about abnormality, rejection, and exclusion still becomes the main structure of the narrative. The romance story that wraps it up still refers to the stereotype. Therefore, those three films can be concluded as a part of dominant statements on abnormality discourse against mental disorder sufferers. In this case, mental disorder sufferers are subjected as a subject that must change. It is because only one choice for mental disorder sufferers to be accepted in society, that is recovery.Keywords: Mental Disorder Character, Discourse, Representation, Film
Sya'Baningrum Prihhartini, Fahmy Hasan
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
The present study sought to investigate how much independent second language learners acquire new language through movies. With the growing of Over-The Top (OTT) media services such as Netflix and Viu, which provide movies in many languages and from various nations, the possibility for public in general to watch any movies in any language is limitless, hence exposing them to acquire a new language. Two surveys, one about English and another about Korean acquisition, were conducted via Google Form and distributed via social media to examine how much informal L2 learners retrieve their stored input acquired from the movie viewing. Data collected were analyzed using mixed method data analysis. The result show that Korea movie viewers could recall more words than the English movie viewers. Korean movie viewers also seem to perform more on productive retrieval as they use the words they get from movies to communicate with their community. English movie viewers, on the other hand, seem to perform more on receptive retrieval as they can understand the story of the movies without needing subtitle. The findings suggest that watching movies greatly expose viewers to language input, which can be a great source of output when interacting within the movie-based community that they belong to.
Raihan Nurul Fahira, Ririn Kurnia Trisnawati, Muhammad Taufiqurrohman
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
The research aims to figure out the gender roles which are used to look at how the film constructs and upholds gender roles. The qualitative method is used to analyze the data in which the primary data are taken from Brad Bird’s Incredibles 2 (2018). Additionally, the researcher used gender roles and cinematography theory to look at how gender is a performance and also to gain a result that gender roles are changing overtimes. The use of Judith Butler’s theory of performativity is to show that the portrayal of gender roles in the movie is slightly different from social construction. Butler’s notion of performativity refers to an act of performance that an individual is doing repeatedly as described in Incredibles 2 (2018) where Bob and Helen do the gender role reversal and share the same responsibilities in the family. Bob is previously shown as the breadwinner of the family and the main earner while Helen is a full-time stay-at-home mother who takes care of the children and the house. Since they no longer hold the traditional gender role; therefore, the movie demonstrates how they start to swap gender assigned tasks. Accordingly, the gender roles are showcased as Bob is being the househusband and the caretaker of the family while Helen is a working woman.
Ririn Kirana, Udayani Permanaludin
Published: 22 September 2020
Abstract:
This journal concerns symbols in Trolls Movie by Mike Mitchell. This theme was chosen by the author because the author knows that denotation is examined in the science of signs known as semiotics. Semiotics is part of the study of literature, with symbols that can be anywhere and anytime included in a film. Most of all people watch movies as mere entertainment, without paying attention to other things that come from the show, such as denotation. Here, the author intends to explore how many color denotations in a film, because of their unlimited use. Based on the background of the problem above, the writer chose the film from Mike Mitchell, the Troll film to be analyzed as an object of research. There is one problem statement that the writer found. That is the question of color denotation in the film Troll. Of the three problem statements above, it will be analyzed using two-phase significance by Roland Barthes. By using this theory, denotation will emerge on its own.
Rizka Salsabila, Hasbi Assidiqi
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
This research is about Thriller Formula of Plot in Don’t Breathe film by Fede Alvarez. The objectives of this research is to describe how is the thriller formula explain through plot in Don’t Breathe film. The method use in this research is structuralism method. Then, the object and the source of data in the film Don’t Breathe by Fede Alvarez, which was published in 2009 and the duration consists of 1 hour 28 minutes. Based on the findings and discussion, the writer concluded thriller formula can be seen through plot. In this research, the researcher finds thriller formula through plot consisting of complicated stories, frequent plot twist, violence, emphasis story on action and conflict, the protagonist triumphs over evil and survive and suspense. The result of the analysis shows that there are 40 data of plot. The implication of this research is to give understanding to the readers especially focused on the thriller in order to improve the ability of learners and readers in understanding literature. Expectantly, this research can give many benefits for the readers and all of students of English Literature to learn more about thriller.Key words: Don’t Breathe, thriller, thriller formula in plot.
Eka Jayanti Nurhasanah, Sape'I Sape'I, Deuis Sugaryamah
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
Of Mice and Men is a novel written by John Steinbeck, published in 1937. It tells about the story of George Milton and Lenny Small, two displaced migrant ranch workers, who move from place to lace in California in searching of a new job opportunities during the Great Depression in the United States. The novel is translated to Indonesian by Pramoedya Ananta Toer in “Tikus dan Manusia. So, it seems fun to analyse how the translator transfer meaning from source language to target language, especially in translating swearword which is found in the novel. The researcher used Hudges’s (1991) theory about swearword and Molina and Albir (2005), and Fawcet(1997) about translation techniques used by the translator. From the analysis, the researcher found 9 data of imbecile term for nuts, cuckoo, and ain’t bright, 23 data general terms for bastard and crazy, 39 data of death terms for the hell and goddamn, 6 data of mother in law terms for son of bitch, 1 data of racist for Nigger, 3 data of animal terms of rats, chicken, and cat, and 6 data of sexual irregulities for tart and bitch. It is also, 5 kinds of swearword translation techniques in the research, they are 9 data of literal translation, 1 data of particularization, 1 data of reduction, 3 data of transposition and 1 data of adaptation
Vera Kavita Hartoyo, Agus Salim Mansyur, Toneng Listiani
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
The research is a pragmatic study on positive politeness strategies employed by the main characters in “ Greatest Showman” and “Chappie” films in the context of differences certain the century society. the researcher use Brown and Levinson’s theory of positive politeness theory. Politeness is the way of self strategies in communication to others, in order to received their meanings well. The objectives of this research are to find out the types of positive politeness strategies by main character in the setting 19th Century society (Greatest Showman film) and 21st Century setting society (Chappie film) and to find out factors affecting main character to choice that strategies. The researcher used a qualitative method since the data engaged are displayed in the form of strings of words. The result shows that Phineas in “Greatest Showman” that can be conclude in 19th century society, generally showed social class, kept family relation well, and respected for abnormal people. Diffrent with Deon in “Chappie” film that can be conclude in 21st century society, people concern with technology development, a lot of gangster who do the crime, and people communicate only in certain interests.Keywords: Pragmatics, Politeness Strategy, Movie Script
Mahdalena Mahdalena, Dedi Sulaeman, Pepen Priyawan
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
Rizki Syifaurrahman, Ujang Suyatman
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
This research analyzes the elements of personality in the main character of Sweeney Todd: The Demon of Barber of Fleet Street by Tim Burton. The researcher uses descriptive qualitative methods because the results of this research are words which are then described. In this research, the reseacher found the elements of personality in the main character of Sweeney Todd: The Demon of Barber of Fleet Street by Tim Burton such as Todd id as the desire wants to revenge Turpin and Beadle because of what they did to Todd’s family, the desire wants to kill Pirelli because he knew his the real identity, and the desire wants to kill Mrs. Lovett because she lied him. The desires as Todd’s id realized and supported by the ego. The way how ego realized all of id in Sweeney Todd, the ego does his role with an action. Thus the superego does not appear much as the id. His role only related with a good value such as when Todd wants to reveal the fake barber about his crime.Keywords: Sweeney Todd, id, ego, superego.
Siti Munawaroh, Pepi Siti Paturohmah
Published: 9 December 2019
Abstract:
This study analyzes the representation of Black women struggle in Maya Angelou’s poem. In this study, the researcher chose a poems of Maya Angelou. The poem entitles “Equality”. In order to discover the representation of black women struggle in those poems, the study was conducted by using intrinsic elements of poetry, feminist literary critic, gynocriticism and biography of Maya Angelou. This study was conducted into two research problem; 1. How Maya Angelou represent black women struggle in her poem? 2. What kinds of struggle does Angelou describe in her poem? The result of this study shows that Maya Angelou represent the struggle of black women through the intrinsic elements. She represent that there is a clash between black women and white people. White people treat black women in a bad way because they are consider black women as slave. The poems shows that black women struggle against racism.Keywords: Representation, black women, struggle, gynocriticism
Rahayu Rini, Pepi Siti Paturohmah, Ujang Suyatman
Published: 17 June 2019
Abstract:
This research analyzes women‘s issues in The Da Vinci Code novel by Dan Brown. In the novel there is a female character named Sophie Neveu . Sophie's role as a woman who can be relied upon in various situations makes her considered as woman who carries the spirit of feminism. The researchers decided to examine the role of Sophie Neveu as reflection of women's equality in The Da Vinci Code novel. The main theory used is Liberal Feminism by Betty Friedan. The form used in this research is qualitative and descriptive method in process of data analysis. The results of the discussion of this research are 1). Sophie Neveu play eleven roles of masculine qualities i.e. strong woman, competitive, courageous, unyielding, confident, independent, adventurous, aggressive, assertive, intelligent and generally acting as leaders, and; 2). The factors that make Sophie Neveu able to play this role is the background of her education. The conclusions of this research are masculine characteristics that can be owned by women and men, to become advanced individuals, women as part of the community must have equal opportunities as men in getting equal education, and the last that education is very important.Keywords: Characterization, Women‘s issues, Women equality, Liberal feminism, Masculine qualities
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