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Results in Journal Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA): 32

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Roswita Raya Hasibuan, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Riyanto Riyanto
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 78-82; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.260

Abstract:
Analisis Kandungan Karbon Pada Daun Mangrove Rhizophora apiculata di Kampung Nipah Kecamatan Perbaungan Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai Sumatera Utara. Bertujuan untuk mengetahui nilai kandungan karbon yang tersimpan pada daun Rhizophora apiculata. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif yaitu memberikan gambaran mengenai situasi atau kejadian suatu kawasan. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah purposive random sampling yaitu pengambilan sampel dengan pertimbangan tertentu. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh kandungan karbon pada daun dengan diameter batang 7-9 cm yaitu : 41,85% dan pada diameter batang 5-6 cm sebesar 24,07%. Hal ini menyatakan daun belum maksimal dalam menyerap karbon.
Winda Rahayu, Jamilah Nasution, Emmy Harso Kardhinata
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 128-140; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.317

Abstract:
Keragaman jenis buah durian di Desa Namotongan Kecamatan Kutambaru Kabupaten Langkat. Tanaman durian pada umumnya tumbuh di daerah beriklim tropis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaman jenis buah durian yang tumbuh di Desa Namotongan Kecamatan Kutambaru Kabupaten Langkat. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif dengan teknik eksplorasi dan dokumentasi. Dari hasil penelitian ini diperoleh 8 jenis buah yaitu durian jantung, durian belimbing, durian bakul, durian bangkok, durian emas, durian rambe, durian tembaga dan durian susu. Buah durian diperoleh total 35 frekuensi yang terdiri dari 50 % frekuensi buah duria jantung, 62,5 % frekuensi buah durian belimbing, 62,5 % frekuensi buah durian bakul, 62,5 % frekuensi buah durian bangkok, 25 % frekuensi buah durian emas, 75 % frekuensi buah durian rambe, 50 % frekuensi buah durian tembaga dan 50 % frekuensi buah durian susu.
Shela Fahdila, Ferdinand Susilo, Abdul Karim
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 93-98; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.313

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan isolat bakteri endofit dari akar cabai merah Capsicum annuum dan mengetahui kemampuannya dalam menghambat pertumbuhan jamur patogen Fusarium oxysporum. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif berskala laboratorium. Hasil isolasi dari akar cabai merah Capsicum annuum ditemukan dua koloni isolat yang berbeda yang diberi dengan kode isolat A1 dan A2. Kedua isolat bakteri endofit diduga merupakan genus Bacillus. Hasil daya antagonis kedua isolat menyatakan bahwa bakteri endofit tersebut mampu menghambat pertumbuhan jamur patogen Fusarium oxysporum, hal ini dapat dilihat dari diameter zona hambat yang terbentuk.
Hayyun Maghfiroh, Sartini Sartini, Rahmiati Rahmiati
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 119-127; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.316

Abstract:
Penelitian tentang Pemanfaatan Telur Keong Emas (Pamacea canalicula) Sebagai Media Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus, E. coli dan Lactobacillus dilakukan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan bakteri pada media telur keong emas. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif. Penelitian ini terdiri dari tiga tahapan yaitu a) Pembuatan media telur keong emas, b) Penanaman Koloni Bakteri Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus dan E.coli pada Media Telur Keong Emas dan c) Pewarnaan Gram Pada Biakan Bakteri Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus dan E.coli dalam media telur keong emas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa untuk bakteri E.coli, dan Staphylococcus ditemukan adanya tanda-tanda pertumbuhan bakteri baik secara fisik terlihat adanya perubahan warna, kekeruhan serta terdapat buih pada media dan mikroskopis terlihat adanya bakteri pada slide yang telah diwarnai dengan pewarnaan gram. Tetapi untuk bakteri Lactobacillus tidak ditemukan tanda-tanda pertumbuhan bakteri baik secara fisik dan mikroskopis. Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa telur keong emas memiliki potensi sebagai media pertumbuhan bakteri E.coli dan Staphylococcus
Tresya Br Tarigan, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Jamilah Nasution
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 69-77; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.259

Abstract:
Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis tumbuhan berbunga epifit yang berada di Taman Wisata Alam (TWA) Sicike-cike dan potensinya sebagai tanaman hias. Pengambilan sampel dilapangan dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive sampling) menggunakan line transect yaitu membuat plot (20 x 20 m) sebanyak 5 plot dan jarak setiap plot 50 m. Data jenis-jenis tumbuhan berbunga epifit yang diperdagangkan diperoleh dengan melakukan wawancara dengan para pedagang hias di Berastagi. Hasil penelitian yang dilakukan ditemukan 25 jenis tumbuhan epifit yang terdapat di kawasan hutan Sicike-cike, yang terdiri dari 6 famili, 14 Genus. Famili Orchidaceae merupakan famili yang paling banyak jenisnya dijumpai yaitu 18 spesies, yang tergolong ke dalam 8 genus. Famili Araceae merupakan famili kedua terbayak yaitu 2 spesies, yang tergolong ke dalam 2 genus. Famili Rubiaceae yaitu 2 spesies. Famili Melastomataceae, famili Urticaceae dan famili Gesneriaceae ditemukan masing-masing yaitu 1 spesies. Data hasil wawancara yang dilakukan dengan pedagang tanaman hias ditemukan 3 famili tumbuhan epifit, yaitu Orchidaceae, Bromeliaceae, dan Asclepiadaceae. Dari hasil yag ditemukan di TWA Sicike-cike dan pedagang tanaman hias hanya ada satu jenis tumbuhan epifit yang diperjualbelikan yaitu Ceologyne speciosa, sedangkan di pedagang online ditemukan Trichotosia ferox dan Bulbophyllum laxiflorum yang diperjualbelikan sebagai tanaman hias
Nurhaika Br Hutajulu, Riyanto Riyanto, Jamilah Nasution
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 108-118; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.315

Abstract:
Taman Wisata Alam (TWA) Sicike-Cike merupakan hutan hujan tropis dataran rendah, umumnya hutan dengan dataran rendah banyak dijumpai tumbuhan paku. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis tumbuhan paku yang tergolong ke dalam famili Lycopodiaceae yang berada di Kawasan Taman Wisata Alam Sicike-Cike Kabupaten Dairi Sumatera Utara. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif dengan teknik eksplorasi. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara sengaja (purposive sampling) dengan menjelajahi Kawasan Taman Wisata Alam Sicike-Cike. Hasil penelitian diperoleh 7 jenis Lycopodiaceae yang terdiri dari : Lycopodium clavatum (5 Populasi), Lycopodium hamiltonii (4 Populasi), Lycopodium cernuum (8 Populasi), Lycopodium squarrosum (39 populasi), Lycopodium sp1 (5 Populasi), Huperzia ribourtii (4 Populasi) and Huperzia phlegmaria (16 Populasi).
Poppy Rizky Arini Lumbantobing, Mufti Sudibyo, Mugi Mumpuni
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 99-107; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.314

Abstract:
Penelitian tentang Preferensi Pohon Bagi Burung di Kawasan Restorasi Resort Sei Betung Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser Sumatera Utara telah dilakukan pada bulan Januari - Maret 2017. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis pohon restorasi yang paling sering dikunjungi oleh burung, aktivitas dominan yang dilakukan oleh burung pada pohon, dan faktor yang mempengaruhi kehadiran burung pada pohon di kawasan restorasi Resort Sei Betung. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah survei eksploratif, dengan menggunakan binokuler, kamera digital, dan buku panduan identifikasi burung. Pengamatan jenis dan aktivitas burung dilakukan pagi dan sore hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 5 jenis jenis pohon restorasi yang paling sering dikunjungi oleh burung yaitu Vitex pubescens, Phyllanthus sp, Calicarpa pentandra, Callerya artropurpurea, dan Macaranga indica. Pohon Vitex pubescens merupakan pohon dengan kunjungan burung paling banyak yaitu 73 kali kunjungan. Phyllanthus sp adalah jenis pohon dengan kujungan burung paling banyak kedua yaitu sebanyak 51 kunjungan. Pohon Macaranga indica, pohon Calicarpa pentandra, dan pohon Callerya atropurpurea, masing-masing sebanyak 30, 28, dan 26 kunjungan burung. Aktivitas dominan yang dilakukan oleh burung pada pohon adalah aktivitas singgah. Faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat kehadiran burung pada pohon adalah ketersediaan pakan, kondisi tajuk, tinggi tajuk, ukuran cabang dan kelebatan daun.
Guspi Wilda Sari Sianipar, Sartini Sartini, Riyanto Riyanto
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 83-92; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i2.312

Abstract:
Bakteri endofit adalah mikroorganisme yang seluruh atau sebagian hidupnya berada dalam jaringan tumbuhan (Akar, Batang, Daun, dan Bunga). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik bakteri endofit pada akar pepaya (Carica papaya L) secara makroskopis dan mikroskopis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif yang dilakukan dengan tiga tahapan yaitu prepasi sampel dan media, isolasi dan karakterisasi melalui uji biokimia. Hasil penelitian ditemukan 2 isolat bakteri endofit yang diberi kode AP1 dan AP2. Pewarnaan gram menunjukkan kedua isolat bakteri endofit berbentuk basil gram positif yang berwarna ungu. Dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan karakteristik morfologi dan uji biokimia isolat bakteri endofit diduga merupakan genus Bacillus.
One May Sunday Nababan, Sartini Sartini, Riyanto Riyanto
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 13-22; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.184

Abstract:
Pests are one of the factors that reduce the production and quality of cultivated plants, for example grayak caterpillars (Spodoptera litura) which attack mustard plants. Grayak caterpillars (Spodoptera litura) can be controlled using chemical compounds (insecticides), can be manually collected by hand and can also be biologically controlled, for example with mushrooms. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae on Spodoptera litura caterpillar larvae in green mustard plants (Brassica juncea L.). The caterpillar used in this study is the Instar-2 (I₁) and Instar-4 (I₂) phase caterpillars. The concentration of fungi was inoculated were 10-2 (M₁), 10 -4 (M₂), and 10 -6 (M₃), and without fungi as a control (M₀). The design used was Factorial RAL with 3 replications. The experimental results showed that spore density M₁, M₂, and M₃ were quite effective at killing the caterpillar both on instar-2 (I₁) and on instar-4 (I₂
Alpina Bukhori, Sartini Sartini, Rahmiati Rahmiati
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 23-31; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.185

Abstract:
Lactic acid bakteria have characteristics that are able to ferment sugars or carbohydrates and produce lactic acid as the final product of fermentation. The purpose of this research was to isolates the lactic acid bacteria from the digestive tract of tilapia fish and to investigate the inhibitory power produced by lactic acid bacteria in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella sp. Isolation of lactic acid bacteria was done by using MRSA medium and to see the ability of lactic acid bacteria isolates in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella sp then used disc diffusion method. The isolates obtained were then characterized by morphology and biochemistry. From the research obtained two lactic acid bacteria that is sp1 and sp2. Lactic acid bacteria sp1 and sp2 are able to inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella sp with the biggest inhibition to Staphylococcus aureus by sp2 of 8.75 mm and the biggest inhibition of Shigella sp is shown by sp2 that is equal to 7.16 mm. Based on the results of isolation and characterization done in this research can be concluded that lactic acid bacteria of the digestive tract of fish tilapia sp1 and sp2 capable in inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus with a the number of 8.75 mm and Shigella sp with a of 7.16 mm.
Listrahot Tondang, Abdul Karim, Sartini Sartini
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 51-54; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.223

Abstract:
Garlic is one of the spices or spices that has a delicious tastes and aroma and garlic has many health benefits. The ingredients purchased in the traditional market need to be kept clean to avoid bacterial contamination that cause disease. The study aims to determine bacterial contamination of ground garlic sold in the traditional market of Galang. The research method is descriptive to see the number of colonies and the characteristic of the types of bacteria that contaminate onions the white sold in the traditional market in Galang.. The result of laboratory samples obtanied 2 sample contaminated with Klebsiella oxytoca bacteria and 6 sample contaminated with Enterogenous aerogenosa bacteria. Conclutions obtained and the results of this study are ground garlic sample sold in the traditional market of galang distric. It can be concluded that 2 samples were polluted by Klebsiella oxytoca bacteria and 6 samples contaminated with aerogenous Enterobacter bacteria feasible consumption of larvae according to the regultions of BPOM no. HK.00.06.1.53.4011 of 2009 and Indonesian National Standart no.7338 of 2009 on herbs and spices the number of total plates is not greater and the threshold of 1x106 colony/gram
Muthiah Muthiah, Rosliana Lubis, Riyanto Riyanto
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 32-38; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.186

Abstract:
Potassium iodide is one of the substances that must be present in iodized salt. The purpose of this research was to determine the level of KIO3 in consumption salts that are circulating in the market by iodometry method based on Indonesia National Standart 01-3556-2016. The results of the reseacrh showed that of the 15 salt sampels, it turns out that 8 salt samples of KIO3 levels meet the SNI standard, which is 30 – 80 ppm, while 7 salt sampels did not meet the SNI Standard. For 7 salt sampels that did not meet SNI standard after testing the moisture content, sodium chloride content and cadmium contamination, only 3 salt sampels of water content meet the SNI standard and 4 sampels of water content did not meet it.For testing the levels of sodium chloride and cadmium contamination, it has met SNI standards.
Purnama Dewi Rohana, Sartini Sartini, Abdul Karim
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 46-50; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.222

Abstract:
Sunflowers ((Helianthus annuus L) is a plant that has the ability to absorb metals in polluted soil or environment. This study aims to determine the ability of sunflower plants to absorb lead (Pb) in the soil. This research method use a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Pb metal analysis was carried out by testing the lrvels using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS) tool in the Chemical Laboratory (LABKES). The results showed that the highest absorption of Pb contamination in P2L2 treatment (2.0 ppm) as much as 5.04 ppm and the lowest absorption of metals in the treatment P1L1 (0.3 ppm) yielded as much as 0.52 ppm Pb metal content. From the results of these studies it can be concluded that sunflower plants can be used as phytoremediation pf Pb metal.
Ismiati Ismiati, Ida Fauziah, Rahmiati Rahmiati
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 39-45; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.224

Abstract:
Water color intensity is associated with topsoil concentration. The lower color intensity the lower topsoil concentration, pH and temperature. Peat water characteristic were determined by accumulation of Natural Organic Matter. The study was conducted on November 2017 to February 2018 in Health Laboratory of North Sumatera by using 3 samples of peat water to find out characteristics of peat water bacteria. Isolated bacteria were analysed by macroscopic and microscopic examination. The result showed that the bacteria have various morphology and motility. Based on characteristics, sp1 was suspected to be in the group of Staphylococcus genus while sp2 and sp3 were belong to the Escherichia genus.
Desi Novita, Meida Nugrahalia, Ida Fauziah
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 8-12; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.183

Abstract:
Vitamin D as an immunomodulator play an important role in controlling glycemic levels and reducing the risk of diabetes. HbA1c as a substance formed from glucose binding with hemoglobin which has a good relationship with average blood sugar levels of fasting, daily and 3 months. This research was conducted to determine the relationship between vitamin D levels and HbA1c in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This research used descriptive methods and the research samples were all patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus in the clinical laboratory of Thamrin Medan. Data were obtained by checking vitamin D and HbA1c levels in patients blood serum. The number of samples in this research were 47 people. The results of this research indicate that there is a very weak relationship between vitamin D levels and HbA1c, with r = 0,225 and R = 5,1%, therefore, it was clearly presented that effect of vitamin D on HbA1c is 5,1%.
Tri Juniati Br Ginting, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Hanifah Mutia Z.N Amrul
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 61-68; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.226

Abstract:
Research on Types of Anura in Deleng Ketaruman, Bukum Village, Subdistrict Sibolangit, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatera Province was conducted in February 2018. This study aims to obtain and document the types of Anura, and environmental parameters found Anura in Deleng Ketaruman, Bukum Village, Subdistrict Sibolangit, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatera Utara Province. The method used in this research is Visual Encounter Survey. The equipment used in this research were headlamp, background black, battery, camera, temperature and temperature gauge, plastic, frog capture net, amphibious identification book. Observation of the types of Anura was done during night. Anuras were observed only along the tracking path. The results showed that 9 species consisted of 6 families found along the tracking tracks one species of Bufonidae family (Phrynoidis juxtaspera), three species of Dicroglossidae family (Fejervarya cancrivora, F. limnocharis, Limnonectes blythii), one species of Megophrydae family (Megophrys paralella), one species of Microhylidae family (Microhyla superciliaris), two species Ranidae family (Hylarana chalconota, H. erythraea), and one species of Rhacophoridae family (Polypedates leucomystax). The ambient temperature of the Anura species ranges from 22ºC-24ºC to grassland habitats, puddles, litter and ponds.
Afrizal Azali, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Jamilah Nasution
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 55-60; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.225

Abstract:
Natural Park (TWA) Sicike-Cike is highland tropical rain forest located in Kabupaten Dairi, North Sumatera. The park is home of various ferns. The purpose of this research is to inventory fern’s species classified as Selaginellaceae, in the above Park. Samples were obtained using “purposive sampling’(descriptive method) by exploration technique, there were 5 Specias identified; Selaginella intermedia, Selaginella longiaristata, Selaginella ornata, Selaginella plana, and Selaginella willdenowii.
Muhammad Ferdiansyah, Jamilah Nasution, Rosliana Lubis
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 2, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v2i1.182

Abstract:
This study aimed to assess the potential of avocado seed extract as an antifungal agent and to determine the optimum concentration of avocado seed extract in inhibiting the growth of Colletotrichum. This research used laboratory- scale experimental methods. Inhibition test of extract towards Colletotrichum was carried out using poison food method using following extract concentration 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% Topsin M Wp 0.2% were used as negatif control. The result showed that avocado seed extract had a significant antifungal activity against Colletotrichum at the consentration of 40%, the effect was emerged since the 4th day of incubation which was observed by measuring fungal growth diameter
Putri Larasati, Abdul Karim, Ida Fauziah
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 72-76; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.165

Abstract:
The research was conducted to investigate the existeme of borax in food producte which were made from meat. The research was carried descriptively by collecting 60 samples consists of 20 meatball samples, 20 sausage samples and 20 nugget samples from food seller in 20 elementary school in Percut Sei Tuan. The result showed that none of samples contained borax.
Nurul Hasanah, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Jamilah Nasution
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 58-63; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.164

Abstract:
Manilkara zapota L was included plant which the most popular in South East of Asian. The society also used young fruit, bark, and Sapilla Manila Leaf as tradisional medicine diaerrhea resistant, because substance of tanin was contained in it could hampered and killed the number of bacterias such as Shigella, Salmonella thypii, Escherichia coli. This research purposed for knowing ability of blocked energy from exstract Sapilla Manila Leaf towards Escherichia coli. This research experimentalsm with used qualitatif methode and diffusion methode. Concentration extract of Sapilla Manila Leaf which was used namely 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% with 5 times,. The result of research showed that extract Sapilla Manila Leaf with each that concentrat have not hampered growth of Escherichia coli. The possibility was caused by several factors such as the concentration level of the extract, the nature of the bacteria used and the tools used in the solvent evaporation process.
Fitri Dian Puspa Nadeak, Riyanto Riyanto, Rosliana Lubis
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 53-57; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.161

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine urine glucose level in patients who came to the Sari Mutiara General Hospital in Medan. Research method with qualitative and quantitative test, qualitative analysis of urine glucose by inserting urine sample 5 - 8 drops into reaction tube that already contains 5ml of benedict solution, then burned on fire and observe the color change that occurs, quantitative analysis of urine glucose by adding sodium carbonate and 2 rounds of boiling stone into a reaction tube containing 5 ml of benedict solution, burned over a flame, then drop urine using a 1 ml pipette, while dripping urine, the liquid should not stop boiling, the titration ends when the blue is not look again.The results of qualitative and quantitative analysis were obtained from 25 test samples, 15 positive urine glucose patients, and 10 negative urine glucose patients.
Juliana Ruminta Sijabat, Sartini Sartini, Abdul Karim
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 77-80; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.166

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the presence or absence of protein in urine in patients with chronic renal failure. From the results of the study it was found that patients with chronic kidney failure in Martha Friska Multatuli General Hospital Medan from the 80 most patients in positive +++. Many patients with chronic kidney failure are male patients (62.5%) compared to female patients (37.5%) and the results of the examination based on age increase with age, ie at the age of 45 years and above. This type of research is descriptive analytic. Data is taken by recording medical record data of patients with chronic kidney failure based on age, sex and year. The study was conducted from January 2015 to December 2016. The place for conducting the research was conducted at Martha Friska Multatuli General Hospital (RSU) Medan. The study sample was urine samples from all patients with chronic renal failure. It can be concluded that the picture of protein in urine in patients with chronic kidney failure increases every year.
Indah Kemalasari, Jamilah Nasution, Ferdinand Susilo
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 81-90; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.167

Abstract:
Chinese is one of the ethnic that use some plants for their ceremony needs as well certain ritual and therapy for most illness. This research about utilization of plants for Chinese etnic of prayer ceremony. The purpose of this reseacrh was to asses some kinds of useful plants among Chinese ethnic for their praying ceremony in some Viharas in Medan with their specific function. This reseacrh used descriptive qualitative method through emic and ethnic approach. Based on the observations which were carried out in 5 Viharas in Medan 29 kinds of plants 18 families were used for prayer ceremony purposes. 50% of these plant were used for offerings without being processed as remaining 50% were processed as food/beverages which were used for offerings as well. Regarding to functional parts, 3% of these plants were used utilizing the plant’s stem, leaves (13%), flowers (19%), fruits (32%), seeds (13%), beets (10%), and some of them were used as whole plant which represented as 10% of whole species
Hormarita Saragih, Meida Nugrahalia, Sartini Sartini
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 64-71; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.163

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in Pralansia and the Elderly in Rambung Puskesmas Tebing Tinggi. The research method is carried out descriptively, which is a study conducted with the main objective to make a picture or description of a situation objectively to solve or answer a problem. Based on the results of the study that the relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in Rambung Puskesmas Tebing Tinggi, was quite strong with a value of r = 0.80. The correlation between the disease with 5 factors namely age, sex, blood sugar level, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure as a whole is very high at r = 0.83. Patients suffering from diabetes mellitus and hypertension are more found in the female sex than men, and people who have a history or hereditary factors of hypertension and diabetes mellitus more than those who have no history, and more patients who first had new diabetes mellitus followed by hypertension
Dinur Isna Faridha, Ida Fauziah, Mugi Mumpuni
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 12-16; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.142

Abstract:
Hypercholesterolemia is a condition where cholesterol levels in the blood exceed normal limits and are a cause of risk of coronary heart disease. Generaly hypercholesterolemia occurs in old age but does not rule out the possibility that it can occur in adolescence. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in adoles­cent patients in the Thamrin clinical laboratory in Medan 2017. This study was conducted in June 2018 with descriptive methods obtained by collecting secondary nomina from the results of the patient's laboratory examination. Based on the results of the study of the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia that occurred in adolescents as many as 123 people with a percentage of 17.7% of the number of adolescent patients who visited. The conclusion of this study is the state of hypercholesterolemia can occur in adolescents not only in adulthood and old age.
M.Yusri Dadan Nugraha, Riyanto Riyanto, Hanifah Mutia Z.N Amrul
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 7-11; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.140

Abstract:
The research on bacterial testing on boiled water of boiled mackerel (Rastelliger sp) has been conducted. The study applied treatment of boiled water that is not replaced and is used continuously in several stages. This study aims to determine the effect of boiled water on the quality of fish production, and determine its effect on meat tectrus, gill color, and aromas. The study was conducted with a descriptive qualitative method. Boiled mackerel quality is measured using the total plate count method, which is to count the number of bacterial colonies in the water before boiling and after boiling.
Chairunnisa Chairunnisa, Riyanto Riyanto, Abdul Karim
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 44-52; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i2.155

Abstract:
Research on isolation and testing of lipolityc bacteria in oli degradation of palm oil mill efluent (POME) at Marihat, Pematang Siantar. This research was conduteted at the Bioproses Laboratory, Palm Oil Research Institute, Medan. The purpose of this study was to obtain lipolytic bacterial isolates and determine the ability of these lipolytic bacteria to degrade oil. Isolation of bacteria using a selective medium lipolytic. Data of the analysis that were 8 isolates of lipolytic bacteria in pallm oil mill effluent and the potential to degrade oil with index activity of lipolytic isolates. The higgest lipolityc isolate index with code BL-1 is 2,78, and the lowest lipolytic index BL-8 is 1,40.
Lulu Fatma Dewi, Sartini Sartini, Rahmiati Rahmiati
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 21-27; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.145

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to determine the ability of BAL from cattle intestine (Bos taurus) in inhibiting the growth of Eschericia coli and Shigella sp. Testing of BAL capability in inhibiting growth of Escherichia coli and Shigella sp. using the disc-diffusion method or the Kirby-Bauer method, which was done by measuring the inhibit zone around the paper disc. Data were analyzed descriptively by displaying data in table and picture form. The results obtained 2 isolates of BAL from the cow intestine. All isolates showed positive results when tested for antibacterial against Escherichia coli and Shigella sp. In isolate BAL with code sp1 has inhibition zone against Escherichia coli equal to 7.5 mm and to Shigella sp. of 6.8 mm, whereas in isolate BAL with code sp2 has inhibition zone against Escherichia coli equal to 8.9 mm and to Shigella sp. of 8.0 mm. Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that isolates of lactic acid bacteria with sp2 code has inhibition zone 8.9 mm in inhibiting Eschericia coli while against bacteria Shigella sp. has a diameter of 8.0 mm.
Devi Octaviani, Mufti Sudibyo, Hanifah Mutia Z.N Amrul, Jamilah Nasution
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 36-43; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.149

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to know what kind of snake and to find out the condition of the environment where he found the type of snake in Bukit Lawang, Bahorok Sub-district, Langkat regency of North Sumatera in December 2017 until January 2018. Sampling with exploratory method to all areas with potential snake. The results found 8 types of snakes grouped into 4 families, 3 types of columbridae 1 type of pareidae, 1 type of viperidae, and 1 type of lamprophiidae. Environmental temperature found at snake range of 25 ° C 32 ° C Chrysopelea pelia and Boiga dendrophila found in pH 7.0 Based on IUCN Red List and CITES Appendix snake found in Bukit Lawang Bahorok District Langkat Regency into Least Concern ( LC), and does not enter into appendix III, nor III in CITES, is not protected or animals threatened to exist until it can lead to extinction. The snake is a snake that spread widely and not endemic.
Sabarinah Sabarinah, Ida Fauziah, Dewi Nur Anggraeni
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 28-35; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.147

Abstract:
Type-II Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder which characterised by the increase of blood glucose level (hypergliycemia). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of type-II Diabetes Mellitus in the Puskesmas of Blangkejeren, Gayo Lues District in 2015-2017 and to investigate the patient lifestyle. The research was conducted is descriptive method by colleting data from patient medical record and the result showed that the prevalence of type-II Diabetes Mellitus in 2015-2017 is 16,2 %, the patients were dominated by female and those in the age of 40-49. Most of patients found to have higher daily sugar intake
Eka Setiawan Siregar, Abdul Karim, Rahmiati Rahmiati
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 17-20; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.144

Abstract:
Refilled drinking water is one of the alternatives for the need of drinking water. Drinking water is safe for health when it meets physical, microbiological, chemical, radioactive requirements. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of refilled drinking water with microbiological parameters (coliform dan E. coli) in the Berngam Village of Binjai city in 2018. The method of this research was descriptive research with laboratory tests. The research sample is the entire population of refill drinking water depots located in the Berngam Village of Binjai City in 2018. The results of the study showed that seven samples of refilled drinking water in the Berngam Urban Village had fulfilled the physical and chemical quality in according to them Permenkes R.I. No.492/Menkes/Per/IV/2010. While the quality of microbiology has not been fulfilled because it contains coliform and E. coli bacteria. It is recommended that the Puskesmas management provide counseling and monitoring for the owners of refilled drinking water depots in order to realize qualified drinking water for people.
Aji Suteja, Emmy Harso Kardhinata, Rosliana Lubis
Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi UMA (JIBIOMA), Volume 1, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.31289/jibioma.v1i1.138

Abstract:
This study aims to determine how to identify the types of secondary metabolite compounds contained in durian leaves. The study was conducted by an experimental method by identifying secondary metabolite compounds on durian leaves using phytochemical screening. The sample criteria used were the leaf buds and all the leaf strands (except the leaf bones). The results of the study showed that of the three types of durian leaves namely copper, baskets and Sp A. There are several types of secondary metabolite compounds including alkaloids, steroids, and terpenoids. Phytochemical screening analysis was carried out using thin layer chromatography by showing RF values on three types of durian leaves using methanol and ethyl acetate solvents in a ratio of 3: 1. RF value on copper durian is 0.97, bakul durian is 0.95 and Sp durian. A 0.94.
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