Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends: 22

(searched for: journal_id:(6008687))
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Haniya Munir
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 19-30; doi:10.32350/jcct/2020/21/1129

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Khalid Ahmed, Anila Tariq, Arfan Akram
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 1-18; doi:10.32350/jcct/2020/21/1128

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Farzana Masroor, Sidra Shaikh, Safa Marwa, Saman Afzaal
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 2-19; doi:10.32350/jcct.22.01

Abstract:
Political leaders frequently engage with masses to fulfil their political agenda. For this purpose, language serves as a vital tool in the hands of politicians and that is mostly noticeable in political speeches made on various public forums. Taking into account the significance of such speeches for moving the masses in their favour, the present study carries out a critical discourse analysis of politician and current Prime Minister Imran Khan’s speeches for uncovering the strategies adopted for such purposes. The researchers have chosen three speeches of the politician from three different eras, such as the protest era, pre-election era, and the post-election era. These eras have been categorized following stratified sampling technique. The lens of critical discourse analysis has been applied to the speeches using van Dijk’s (1993) socio-cognitive approach. The analysis focuses on the use of strategies such as mind control, rhetoric art, argumentative move, emotional attachment and historical distortion. The results have attributed Imran Khan’s rise to the position of Prime Minister to his strategic and manipulative political discourse in his speeches. His primary focus remained on controlling the mind of the youth which has been achieved through the use of above-mentioned strategies in multiple ways. This research is significant as it creates awareness as well as consciousness in the public regarding rhetorical strategies adopted by political leaders such as Imran Khan to exercise mind control and mould public opinion in their favour.
Muhammad Rizwan Ilyas, Rehana Yasmin Anjum, Sadia Azam, Ayesha Munir
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 39-53; doi:10.32350/jcct.22.03

Abstract:
Curriculum is the basic tool used in the pedagogical process. Every education system fails if it is not developed to meet the needs of those for whom it is designed. In this research, it has been observed that the existing National Curriculum for the English Language (2006) is not fulfilling the language-based needs of the Pakistani learners. The intermediate level is the terminal level for students to discontinue education and get a job or continue learning in various advanced fields. The existing theoretical curriculum is different in terms of the practical application of English in a real-life situation. Paulo Freire’s theory of problem-posing education supports the present study. Data was collected through teacher and student questionnaires filled by intermediate students of both the public and private sectors and for the analysis of collected data CIPP model of Stufflebeam was used. For computational analysis, MS Excel was used. The results showed that learners’ creative writing skills and verbal skills are not improving satisfactorily and a gap was also found in teaching methodologies that are being currently used for teaching English. The present study is beneficial for providing the ground realities and practical needs of teachers and students in teaching and learning process. It would be helpful also for the stakeholders while designing the curriculum and syllabus.
Samina Tabassum, Kanwal Fatima, Amna Anwar
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 21-37; doi:10.32350/jcct.22.02

Abstract:
The study aims to investigate the interference of mother tongue in the English pronunciation of Pothohari speakers. The distinctive features of English pronunciation of Pakistani Pothohari speakers are analyzed keeping focus on selected vowels, diphthongs and /r/ sound. A set of nine phonemes: diphthongs ɪə,ɑɪ,eɪ, əʊ, ɔɪ, vowels ɒ, ɜː, æ and /r/ phoneme are focused. The study has foregrounded, in distinctive features, theory for theoretical considerations. Twenty native Pothohari speakers participated in the study. A list of eighteen sentences with the target sounds is used for data collection purpose. The utterances of sample participants are recorded and analyzed to realizd the objectives of the study. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches are utilized to analyze the recorded data. Received Pronunciation (RP) is used as a reference tool to determine the differences. The findings identified certain distinctive features in English pronunciation of the Pothohari speakers marked by the influence of the mother tongue.
Abeera Bukhari
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 55-70; doi:10.32350/jcct.22.04

Abstract:
This research anatomizes Ted Hughes’s works as in Ted Hughes: Collected Poems edited by Paul Keegan, in the light of Transcendentalism. The primary aim of this research is to identify and explicate the streaks of Transcendentalism in Hughes’s work. The secondary aim is to decipher Hughes’s use of Soul Alchemy as a magical, transforming power. The objective of this research is to prove the existence of a Supreme Being. It also discusses both Transcendentalism and Hughes’s spirituality, side by side. The research shows there lies organic unity in everything and everything has divinity within it, and that there is an urge in all to explore the Self and the unknown. This also explicates the common spiritual Truth underlying all religions, the value of intuition and fourfold vision. The study fills the gap in research on Transcendentalism and its overpowering position in Hughes’s works, which makes this unique. It also expounds the occult powers of poetry. Transcendentalism, Husserl’s Phenomenology, Huxley’s Perennial Philosophy and Jung’s Alchemy and Individuation also have been critically viewed as groundwork for this research. Thematic, phenomenological and psychological approaches have been employed to analyze the Transcendentalism in Hughes’s works. The preternatural abilities of Hughes are examined in this study. Future researchers can satisfy their spiritual needs and can form their research by becoming acquainted to his work in the light of Transcendentalism as is deciphered in this study.
Faiza Aroob
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2; doi:10.32350/jcct.22.05

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to highlight the importance of Translation Studies as a proper discipline in educational institutions of Pakistan. The analysis has been done by conducting a questionnaire survey, gathering responses from the students of acknowledged educational institutions, both public and private. The findings suggest rather mixed views of the students about Translation and Translation Studies in general. While most of the participants have a clear idea that translation is something beyond mere paragraph translation and reading translated literature, they view translation as not necessarily a part of Humanities students’ curriculum. Most of the participants have never found an opportunity to take a translation related course; whereas, they are interested in taking one. However, there were only one to two students who could name an institution that offers a translation studies degree. The majority of the students are also aware of the translational processes around them while using social media or reading print media and are able to identify them. On the whole, this research tries to identify the current situation of translation studies in Pakistan, and at the end some recommendations have been given to improve the situation of Translation Studies in Pakistan because Translation Studies is the ultimate requirement for the progress and development in the field of academics. The world has understood this; Pakistan needs to do the same.
Aasma Nijabat, Rafia Razaq, Naheed Ashfaq
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 55-72; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.05

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Nadia Hanif, Maria Sajid
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 27-42; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.03

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Asma Atif
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 17-26; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.02

Abstract:
This paper is based on a study conducted to develop an insight into the problems that arise in an ESL classroom due to the lack of awareness in teachers about learning disabilities. It focuses on the importance of professional training for ESL teachers before they start teaching. The population of the research included primary school students, members of the administrative staff, ESL teachers of four primary level schools of Lahore and a number of diagnosed students suffering from one or more learning disabilities. The tools used for data collection included four questionnaire surveys designed specifically to cater the target population. The research concluded that teachers should have sufficient knowledge about learning disabilities. They should be given professional training and awareness about learning disabilities before they start teaching. Moreover, they should be able to identify disabled students and cater their special needs, so these students can enjoy a motivating learning experience. Some features that should be included in teachers’ training are suggested at the end of this research.
Maryam Raza, Athar Tahir
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 73-84; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.06

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Azka Khalid
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 43-54; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.04

Abstract:
Language is continuously changing. Words change their meaning over time and this process is known as semantic change. Change can occur both in the literal meaning and in the pragmatic use of words. In this research, semantic change is studied from a different perspective. Words that go through rapid semantic changes are the focus of this study. Users of English as a second language are also the focus of this study. The study observes whether these users are able to keep up with semantic change. It also gives us an idea regarding how much the users know about the multiple meanings of the same words. Another aspect of this study is to find out whether semantic change affects the comprehension of literature containing the words which went through semantic change. This research was conducted through a close-ended questionnaire designed by selecting fifteen words which changed their meaning over time. The respondents were fifty in number and were all females who had different educational backgrounds. The results were analyzed through pie charts. The results showed that the majority of ESL learners are able to keep up with semantic change, although a significant proportion is still struggling to understand the process. The results also showed that the learners of English as a second language have little knowledge of the previous meanings of words. If a word which has changed its meaning over time occurs in any literary work, ESL learners are not able to comprehend its meaning as it is intended to be understood. This can be considered as a negative attribute of semantic change. So, it was concluded that ESL learners are able to keep up with the change but most of them are unable to comprehend literature as it is intended to be understood.
Tania Ali Khan
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 1-16; doi:10.32350/jcct.12.01

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Sadia Ayub
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2; doi:10.32350/jcct.21.05

Abstract:
The current research is aimed to highlight the obstructing sociocultural factors that influence the undergraduate students’ English language communication skills in Pakistan. Undergraduates’ English language communication skills are strongly affected by various sociocultural factors such as the environment, cultural variation, societal rank, and self-identity. In particular, the current research emphasizes the interconnectedness of language and culture and their influence on the English language communication skills of the undergraduate students. The investigation was carried out in the public institutions of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It was based on simple random and cluster random sampling. Forty highly proficient ESL / EFL instructors and 498 ESL students contributed to the current investigation. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were followed throughout the research. Data analysis revealed that among all the contributing factors, the environment was the most prominent factor, which affected the learner’s oral competency. The overall conclusion is that sociocultural issues affect the learners’ communication skills in Pakistan where English is most often the third language. The study also recommends that instructors should recognize the source(s) of language anxiety to facilitate the learners and to make the language acquisition process more successful.
Manzar Bashir, Rida Sarfraz, Khubaib Ur Rehman, Muqaddas Javed
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 31-40; doi:10.32350/jcct.21.03

Abstract:
It is a stiff known fact that in chauvinistic society, a female has been taken as a suppressed commodity. The ultimate dependence is the main factor in the marginalization of females in society. Although, in a country where the female population is more than men’s, such topics of female subjugation can be traced from the shared history. This study aims at the various factors through which the main character of the movie and novel “Orlando” has gone through the acute transformation from a weaker position to being in command and strong. This paper is based on the qualitative methodology and it will probe traces through which the protagonist is viewed through the lens of Simon de Beauvoir’s Second Sex and gender differences (Beauvoir, 1993). Complete analysis in terms of the body language from being submissive to outrageous, from vulnerable to gaining strength, this research will significantly try to scan all the aspects through which a character is transformed. This paper will also try to probe the socio-psychological factors through which an individual suffers through the anguish (Ranjan, 2019 ). The protagonist's anguish has been depicted and will be analyzed in the light of famous feminist theorist Simon de Beauvoir's “The Second Sex” (Beauvoir, 1976). While engaging and clashing for the dependability this investigation likewise examines the complexities agonized over the opportunity of enunciation of the protagonist from the two portrayals that are film and text. This examination will open vistas to contemplate the grievance forced by the financial components that pressurises a person, as far as possible, where one has to decide between giving up or revolting against the shackles of society. By the execution of Beauvoir's idea on the screen transformation of "Orlando" composed by Virginia Woolf (Woolf, 1993), the spitting image of women in Elizabethan civilization and her insurrection is illustrated. This paper is a significant effort to highlight the cobwebs encapsulating an individual and their strife to survive and breathe in the same existing world.
Muhammad Umer Azim, Zaheer Hussain, Azhar Munir, Muhammad Iqbal
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2; doi:10.32350/jcct/2020/21/849

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Haniya Munir
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 2, pp 19-30; doi:10.32350/jcct.21.02

Abstract:
Language plays an important role in human life that can be seen from various perspectives such as the cultural perspective, linguistic perspective, social perspective, psychological perspective, perspective of gender and moral and ethical perspectives. This is undoubtedly a proven fact that we use language and at the same time, language uses us to define, designate, tag and shape our places in the society (Cameron, 2005). This role of language is generally suitable for all human race either male or female but the basic purpose of this study is to explain how language shapes a woman’s place and identity in society. Often we find that women face linguistic discrimination in two different ways: one is the way; they are taught to speak and use language and the other way is about how language treats them (Lakoff, 2004). These linguistic disparities tend to specify a woman’s role and function in the society as a sex object, a servant, a wife, a daughter, a mother and specifically a woman (Kerber, 1988). The researcher collected the data for this study from Ibsen’s (1999) ‘A Doll’s House’ in which different lexical items, phrases and sentences were uttered intentionally to explain the role of the main character Nora as a wife, as a daughter and as a woman. The researcher examined the speeches of different characters only to show the language –made and man- made places of women in the society. For this purpose, the researcher used a theoretical framework based on the qualitative approach while consulting the related ideas of Lakoff (2004) who, in her ‘Dominance Theory,’ explains how language shapes a woman’s place in the society by analyzing her own speeches and the speeches of different people in the society. The findings of the study go a long way in telling people and the upcoming researchers that language not only specifies gender roles individually, but also internally and externally as well. Basically different social characters surrounding a woman use language in such a way that it starts shaping a woman’s character in different sub- characters as explained in the work of Ibsen (1999). Furthermore, language use tells us that a man remains a man in every situation either as a father, as a husband, as a son, and above all as a man but a woman’s place in society is changeable according to language use and those tagged names that men have used for women ever. For example, if a little girl talks roughly like a boy, she is scolded by her parents and friends (Lakoff, 2004). This process of socialization is harmful in the sense that it is making women weak, incapable and less –confident but if we analyze the last lines spoken by Nora in the selected text of Ibsen (1999), we come to know that constant battering and hammering of socialization and generalization are now making women aware of their individual place and identity in the society and they are now looking at life from a different perspective that is still unacceptable in the man-made society (Kramer, 1974). This study will open new avenues for sociolinguists to study language and gender keenly and critically.
Afshan Abbas, Rehana Gulzar, Zahoor Hussain
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 26-44; doi:10.32350/jcct.11.02

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Malik HaqNawaz Danish, Abida Batool
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 61-76; doi:10.32350/jcct.11.04

Robert Borges
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 1-25; doi:10.32350/jcct.11.01

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Amina Khalid, Arshad Ali Khan, Sayyed Rashid Ali Shah
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 77-98; doi:10.32350/jcct.11.05

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Naveed Akram Ansari
Journal of Communication and Cultural Trends, Volume 1, pp 45-60; doi:10.32350/jcct.11.03

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top