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Results in Journal Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology: 140

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Annisa Rahmalia, Yudiana Ratnasari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 448-471; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20600

Abstract:
Staff working in nursing homes holds important roles for caregiving older adults, yet they are prone to experiencing high stress due to high demands at work. Two core processes in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): personal values and committed action offers new strategies for nursing home staff to create a more positive attitude, thus potential in improving nursing home staff’s general mental health. This study explores the effects of brief-ACT on psychological flexibility, work stress, in-role performance, and quality of life among nursing home staff. Therapy was conducted in a group setting, emphasizing personal values and committed action core processes, with quantitative measurements administered in pretest-posttest design. Participants also answered open-ended questions for qualitative results regarding with effects of the group therapy. Results showed statistically significant effects of Brief-ACT for psychological flexibility, in-role performance, and quality of life, while the decrease in work stress was not statistically significant. In addition, qualitative themes coded from open-ended questions reported positive experiences related to the group therapy. This study provides initial findings regarding ACT feasibility among nursing home staff, particularly related to personal values and committed action core processes. Keywords: ACT, nursing home staff, values, committed action, work stress.
Osi Kusuma Sari, Subandi Subandi
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 432-447; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20525

Abstract:
Add psychological interventions based mental health services community for treating people with schizophrenia (ODS) can provide positive opportunities in the recovery process. However, there was no systematic literature review for this yet. This article aims to identify and synthesize ODS's psychological interventions in the community to portray held various interventions. A systematic narrative review with the procedure of PRISMA was used in this research. The inclusion criteria are 1) psychological intervention; 2) involvement of a psychologist; 3) community settings. The search was carried out from April- May 2020. Out of 103 journals, 72 journals were reviewed, and a total of 7 journals were analyzed in this study. The involvement of psychologists in crucial positions in community mental health services is rare. Most of the interventions are led by psychiatrists. Psychological interventions include psychoeducation, CBT, SST, social support therapy, and online psychotherapy with "telementalhealth". Psychosocial interventions are given with pharmacotherapy. There was a positive effect of using psychological interventions for ODS in the community. Intervention on ODS in the community must involve multidisciplinary and multi-professional skills. Psychologists' involvement in psychological interventions can improve clinical outcomes and psychological flexibility to provide satisfaction to patients. It supports recovery-oriented mental health services. Keywords: psychological intervention; schizophrenia; psychologist; community
Hifizah Nur, Putri Setyaningrum, Annisa Novandita
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 419-431; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20620

Abstract:
This research was conducted to find the correlation between permissive, authoritative, authoritarian parenting styles with smartphone addiction. This study involved 225 students of one private university in Jakarta from various faculties (67 male and 158 female) selected based on a non-probability sampling method - convenience sampling. The measuring instruments used in this study were the Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS) developed by Kwon et al. (2013) and the Parenting Style scale developed by Baumrind (1971), and the personal information form used to collect sample personal data. The quantitative analysis of the research was carried out using the Pearson product-moment test, Spearman correlation’s test, descriptive test, t-test, and ANOVA test of difference. This study's results were there is a significant correlation of 0.320 between permissive parenting style and smartphone addiction, also there is a significant correlation of 0.300 between authoritarian parenting and smartphone addiction. Furthermore, there is no significant relationship between authoritative parenting and smartphone addiction. Keywords: Smartphone Addiction, Permissive Parenting Style, Authoritarian Parenting Style.
Nadhila Safitri, Sumedi P Nugraha
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 509-524; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.21213

Abstract:
Online learning process in COVID-19 pandemic can decline the quality of subjective well-being of students. The constraints faced by the students in doing the online learning can make them more frequently feel negative emotions such as being anxious, stressful, confused or bored. The aim of this study is to test the online learning readiness and academic resilience on the subjective well-being among students. A number of previous researches showed that the students ready to have online learning and having a good academic resilience could increase their subjective well-being. This study involved 200 students of Junior High School ‘X’ Lampung having online learning. It used three instruments: (a) scale of positive and negative experience (SPANE) (Diener, Wirtz, Tov, Kim-Prieto, Choi, Oishi, & Biswas-Diener, 2009), (b) academic resilience scale (Martin & Marsh, 2006), and (c) scale of student’s e-learning readiness questionnaire (Aydin & Tasci, 2005). The test of hypothesis used the Doubled Regression Analysis Technique (SPSS 20). The results of this study showed that the online learning readiness and academic resilience simultaneously were effective in determining the subjective well-being of students (R = 0.09, p < 0.01).Keywords: subjective well-being, academic resilience, online learning readiness, pandemic COVID-19.
Ambar Dwi Erawati, Chusnul Zulaika, Mona Tiorina Manurung
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 472-481; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20976

Abstract:
Background: The “Sayang Bunda” application is an E-Health android application offered by the Semarang City Health Office which provides consultation services to pregnant women and postpartum mothers. E-Health is considered effective as a medium for consulting pregnant women in the city of Semarang. However, based on a preliminary survey to pregnant women, there are pregnant women who do not use and even do not know the application. The purpose of this study was to explore the obstacles in the implementation of the "Sayang Bunda" E-Health Application. Research Methods: This research is a qualitative research where this research is basic and aims to obtain information and data related to the implementation of the “Sayang Bunda” E-Health application. Data collection techniques use interviews with the health center coordinator midwives and questionnaire with pregnant women and postpartum mothers. The subjects of this study are pregnant women, postpartum mothers, and the managers of community health centers. The study results show that pregnant women and postpartum mothers prefer WhatsApp groups to have consultation related to pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and newborns since it is easier to do. It is recommended to have policy integration in several parties so that the implementation of the “Sayang Bunda” E-Health can be carried out optimally. Keywords: E-Health, Obstacles, Implementation.
Sugiarti Agus Musabiq, Siska Aris Nur Fitri
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 544-555; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20552

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the role of health promoting behavior as a mediator of the relationship between perceived social support and psychological distress in poor young adults in DKI Jakarta. The research data collection was directly conducted by visiting the participants, young adults with age 8-29 years old (N = 314). The research instruments used were HPLP II, Social Provision Scale (SPS), Symptom-25 Checklist (HSCL-25). The results of the mediation analysis showed the significancy that health promotion behavior partially mediated the relationship between perceived social support and psychological distress, with indirect effects (β = .003, p = <.01) and direct effects (β = -.022, p = <. 01 ). Thus, perceived social support can directly increase psychological distress or through health promotion behavior first. People who perceive themselves get social support will have feeling that are cared for and loved, so that they will motivate themselves to be involved in healthy behavior and reduce psychological distress.
Deri Wanto, Jalwis Jalwis
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 482-508; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.21168

Abstract:
This study aimed at verifying the relationship between Covid-19 pandemic and social anxiety in the Millennial generation in Indonesia. The study used the OLS (Ordinary Least Squares) approach in analyzing the data from 441 respondents from 10 universities in Indonesia. The theory formulated as the finding of this study is: “The social anxiety experienced by the Millennials during the Covid-19 outbreak is a product of social situations. It is made a convincing case because there is a correlation between the Covid-19 pandemic in terms of the perceptions and understanding of the Millennial generation in Indonesia and social anxiety. The influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on social anxiety has even significantly folded.” This article is useful to show how significant the influence of Pandemic Covid-19 on Social Anxiety in Millennials in Indonesia, where such studies have not even been adequately offered by other scholars. The study not only fills the gap but precisely becomes a preliminary study that measures the correlation of Covid-19 Pandemic to social anxiety in millennial generation in Indonesia. Keywords: social anxiety, Covid-19 pandemic, Millennial generation, Social anxiety disorder, psychological disorder.
Nofrans Eka Saputra, Yun Nina Ekawati
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 525-543; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.21192

Abstract:
The involvement of parents to tell story to the children takes important role to increase attachment. This research aimed to figure to examine the effectiveness of traditional game story series e-book app to increase the attachment between parents and children. The method used was quasi experiment with pre-post control group design. The population of this research consists of 32 kindergarten students which were split to experimental group and controlled group. The experimental group was given storytelling treatment through e-book app series. To measure the result, there was attachment scale used in pretest and posttest. The data was analyzed by using independent t test sample and paired t test sample. The result of the research showed that there was significant attachment between pretest and posttest score within experimental group. Meanwhile, within the controlled group, no significant attachment was found. It can be concluded that traditional game story e-book series can increase the attachment between parents and children. The result of this research supports the previous research conducted by Frude & Killick (2011) which explains that the story telling done by parent to the children increase the attachment. Keywords: storytelling, parent and children attachment.
Karine Longis Mcmillan
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 400-418; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i3.20607

Abstract:
Studies have proved multiple times that anxiety and different learning styles within the FL classroom affect students when they are doing a test. These studies however have not yet observed every different kind of students. With this context, data were collected from 71 work-study contract vocational higher diploma students from EFIATP Correze, France during the 2020-2021 academic years. As a conclusion of this study, it is determined that there are no significant relationships between the FL student anxiety in the classroom, their learning styles and their test Level.Keywords: FL , foreign language , anxiety, learning styles, test level, work-study contract students
Widya Wijaya Kusuma Putri, Yusti Probowati, Ayuni Arunima
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 375-383; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20649

Abstract:
Referring to the theory of planned behavior, behavior appear because of behavior intention, where personality was one of behavior intention’s factor. The aims of this study was to examine the correlation between dark triad personality and corrupt intention in government employees. Data were collected using accidental sampling with cross-sectional survey quantitative research design on 75 government employees from four different sub-district. The result showed that there was a significant positive correlation between dark triad personality and corrupt intention (r=0,415; p=0,001). Additional analysis showed that corruption is a crime caused of weak regulation system and supervision (PBC r=0,665). Last but not least, dark triad personality’s aspect narcissism was the most influenced of corrupt intention (r=0,413). The theoretical implication found in this study was, dark triad personality is nit direct predictor of corrupt intention, but an indirect predictor through attitude towards behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavior control.
Wiwik Sulistiani, Dewi Retno Suminar, Wiwin Hendriani, Suryanto Suryanto
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 249-274; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19967

Abstract:
Career adaptation is important for individuals, especially for individuals who are preparing for a future career. The purpose of this study is to describe the career adaptation of marine cadets and discuss the factors supporting the adaptation of marine cadet careers. Research respondents were marine education cadets in Surabaya, Indonesia. Data analysis used content analysis. Marine cadets that show the four dimensions of career adaptation are 58%. In addition, the results of the study showed that the highest supporting factors for career adaptation were parents, and the biggest inhibiting was the cadets themselves. Cadets feel irritable, bored, and feel don't have enough time to study. Cadets also feel the demands of high duties during education. Further research is needed related to internal and external factors that affect career adaptability.
Surya Cahyadi, Miryam Wedyaswari, Erna Susiati, Rasni Adha Yuanita
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 351-375; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19912

Abstract:
Writing an undergraduate thesis is a formidable task, especially in Indonesia where writing is not engrained in its culture. Therefore, this study aims to explore the internal and external factors in writing an undergraduate thesis. A qualitative research design was used. Phase 1 used an online questionnaire (n= 143) to find encouraging and obstructing factors. Phase 2 used an in-depth interview (n = 48) to validate findings from Phase 1. A general inductive approach was used to analyze data. Phase 1’s findings were students’ perceptions about undergraduate thesis and categories of encouraging and obstructing factors in writing a thesis. Writing undergraduate thesis was more driven by external factors (e.g.deadlines, others' expectations) than by internal factors. Neglect of writing the thesis, however, was caused more by internal factors (e.g. lack of knowledge and skills, doing other activities). Phase 2’s findings validated phase 1’s findings which consist of 11 encouraging and 8 obstructing factors.Keywords: Undergraduate thesis performance, undergraduate research, writing a thesis, university students, qualitative exploratory study
Triantoro Safaria, Khoiruddin Bashori
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 197-208; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20602

Abstract:
Several previous studies have explained that cyberbullying has a negative impact on the victim. Currently, there are no research findings that examine the relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaning with cyberbullying. The current study is conducted to answer the gap of existing knowledge. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaning with cyberbullying behavior. The research sample the students from a private university in Yogyakarta totaling 152 people (74 (49.3%) male; 76 (50.7%) female) who were taken by purposive sampling technique. Three questionnaires were used to collect the data. Regression analysis was implemented. The results of this study indicated that there is a very significant relationship between religiosity and spiritual meaningfulness with cyberbullying behavior. The implication of this research is to emphasize the role of religiosity and spiritual meaning for adolescents to prevent cyberbullying behavior.Keywords: Religiosity, spiritual meaning, and cyberbullying behavior
Padmi Dhyah Yulianti, Endang Retno Surjaningrum, Dwi Yuwono Puji Sugiharto, Nurul Hartini
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 339-350; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20512

Abstract:
School is a protective factor to improve and promote mental health. Many mental health problems are experienced by school learners. From various interactions with the learners, teachers are expected capable to prevent and identify school learners’ mental health problems. Although the human-teacher sources are high but they are not completely used to support learners’ mental health problems. This research aims to find out the mental health literacy operational definition and the urgency of mental health literacy of the teachers. This research applied a systematic literature review from five search engines. They were Spingerlink, Science Direct, Jstor, Eric, and Pubmed. The applied keywords were “mental health literacy”, “school”, and “teacher”. The taken references are from 1997 - 2020. Six hundred and thirty three articles were obtained from five search engines. From the systematic review, seven articles were obtained. An expanding concept of mental health definition was found from the initial concept proposed by Jorm. Clear concept definition influenced the measurement. Teachers must be aware of mental health literacy because they are the first lines to identify mental health problems of the learners, mostly found on 12 - 25 years-old learners. Low teacher literacy at school about mental health problems experienced by learners led to serious impacts for them.
Sheila Putri Fajrianti, Margaretha Purwanti
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 275-289; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20879

Abstract:
These days, regular students’ behaviors still reflect a low acceptance of students with special educational needs (SEN). Previous studies have revealed that the crucial factors to examine are regular students’ knowledge about disabilities and attitudes. This study aims to determine the extent to which these two factors contribute to their acceptance of SEN. This quantitative research was conducted on 1248 participants from 14 public junior high schools in DKI Jakarta. Multiple linear regression analysis was run to determine peer acceptance from knowledge about disabilities and attitude. These variables statistically significantly contributed to peer acceptance, F(2, 1245) = 612.951, p < .05, R2 = .496. Both variables added statistically significantly to peer acceptance, p < .05. While both knowledge and attitude matter in peer acceptance towards SEN, implications for practice should also involve developing an intervention program that not only focuses on knowledge only but also targeting positive changes in attitudes. Keywords: peer acceptance, special educational needs students, adolescent, public schools
Amirah Widia Adiarti, Dimyati Dimyati
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 155-174; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20326

Abstract:
Although the job demands-resources model (JD-R) is getting much attention in the literature, there is limited, if any, empirical research in Indonesia. This study used the JD-R model to predict job satisfaction in Indonesia with a sample of 17,177 employees. Using data from the 5th wave of the Indonesian Family Life Survey, Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and structural equation modeling (SEM) were performed for data analysis. The main findings revealed a positive relationship between job resources and job satisfaction, and a negative relationship between challenging job demands and job satisfaction beyond the contribution of gender, age, education, marital status, and job type. The findings of this study suggest that managers should provide employees with more resources and engage them in crafting behaviors.Keywords: job demands, job resources, job satisfaction, JD-R model, Indonesia
Dimas Aryo Wicaksono, Adiyo Roebianto,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 229-248; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20260

Abstract:
This study's purpose is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental WellBeing Scale (WEMWBS) using the Rasch model measurement analysis to test its reliability of measurements, item fit statistics, rating scale functions, and differential item functioning. A total of 855 Indonesian samples completed 14-items in the Indonesian version of WEMWBS. The Rasch analysis indicates that the data fit the model, the item-person reliability is above 0.8, and the item-person separation is above the minimum requirement. All items in the instrument have met the statistic criteria indices in terms of outfit mean square as all item-measure correlation is above 0.4. The Likert rating scale analyses found the scale functioning properly and free from disordered thresholds. Lastly, DIF by gender was detected in three items. Further testing and refinement need to be conducted to ensure the reliability of the Indonesian version of WEMWBS.Keywords: Mental Well-Being, WEMWBS, Validation, Rasch model, DIF.
Ika Febrian Kristiana, Erin Ratna Kustanti,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 209-228; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20647

Abstract:
Gratitude can motivate everyone to be pro-socially behaved, create a positive social relation, and build the sense of togetherness in the school community. This research examines to measure the effect of gratitude training on teacher’s prosocial behavior in inclusive school with special need student (SEN). This is the quasi experimental research. There were 120 subjects divided into two groups, control and experiment. The treatment given to the experiment group was gratitude training. Data collected by using the sixteen items of the prosocialness scale for adults by Caprara et.al (2005) that has an excellent reliability (ω=0.980, 95%CI=0.972,0988) and distributed twice on pre and post-test. Statistical analysis showed (rB=0.339, p=.001, Hodges’ g=-3.000, 95% CI=-5.00, -1.00) that is means gratitude training have had an effect that tends to be moderate to the teacher’s prosocialness. However, this research’s findings display that gratitude is one of important psychological strength to motivate teachers’ prosocialness in inclusive school. This finding can serve as recommendations for prosocialness improvement programs for inclusive teachers in Indonesia with all its realities.
Ghea Mangkuliguna, Mahaputra Mahaputra, Veronika Maria Sidharta, Linawati Hananta
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 175-196; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19969

Abstract:
During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical students might be vulnerable to excessive screen time exposure to cope with distance learning-induced distress. This study aimed to evaluate the distress and screen time before and after distance learning was initiated. Data were collected from 215 subjects. Statistical significance was accepted at P<0.05. The prevalence of distress among medical students was 25.61% and 27.06% before and after distance learning was executed, respectively. Academic-related stressor (ARS) was reported by 49.28% and 63.29% of students during the first and second surveys. The proportion of students with daily screen time ≥7 hours was 51.21% and 63.77% for the first and second surveys, respectively. ARS, interpersonal and intrapersonal-related stressor (IRS), social-related stressor (SRS), and average daily screen time significantly rose in 3-month-time (P<0.0001, P=0.0014, P=0.0261, P=0.0022). There was a significant association between distress and screen time (P=0.0313). ARS was the leading cause of distress. The majority of respondents had a daily screen time ≥7 hours. Both distress and screen time levels significantly increased as distance learning kept progressing.Keywords: COVID-19; distance learning; mental distress; medical students; screen time.
Isik Zeliha Ulubas, Kaj Björkqvist, Patrik Söderberg
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 318-338; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.20029

Abstract:
The study investigates the effect of immigrant background and sex on perceived ethnic discrimination and school connectedness in Finland. An online questionnaire was completed by 1,827 adolescents (12-19 years of age) from both Finnish and Swedish speaking schools in Western Finland. Adolescents’ family background was categorized as either native, multicultural, or immigrant. Perceived ethnic discrimination was examined according to its source, whether it acted out by peers, by teachers, or by someone else. Adolescents with an immigrant background were found to have higher scores of perceived ethnic discrimination regardless of its source, and lower school connectedness than other groups. Boys had higher scores of perceived ethnic discrimination by peers and by someone else, and they also reported higher school connectedness than girls. There was also a significant interaction effect between immigrant background and student sex, so that girls with a multicultural background experienced higher levels of discrimination by peers and discrimination by someone else than boys with a multicultural background.
Erika Setyanti Kusumaputri, Sitta Puteri Kumalasari, Sabiqotul Husna
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 290-317; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i2.19947

Abstract:
Millennial generation employees were expected to have the ability to create and innovate. This ability will lead to creative behaviour particularly when companies support employee welfare which was strengthened by organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviour as a mediator of perceived organizational support (POS) for creative behaviour. The number of research participants was 157 millennial generation employees from Indonesian start-up companies. Data were collected using the creative behaviour scale (α = 0.887), the POS scale (α = 0.945), and the OCB scale (α = 0.951). The results of the study based on the path analysis method showed that the indirect effect had a coefficient of 0.339 (p <0.05), which means that there was a positive relationship between POS and creative behaviour through OCB. The positive sign on the correlation coefficient showed the direction of a positive relationship, which means that the higher the POS employees have, the higher the employee's creative behaviour through OCB. OCB as a mediator contributed 46.4% to POS towards creative behaviour.Keywords: millennial generation, organizational citizenship behaviour, perceived organizational support, creative behaviour
Shiva Soltani, Ahmad Mohseni
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 133-154; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18897

Abstract:
The FonF practice model (focus on form) as a technology-oriented pedagogical model was contextualized to examine its efficacy on the second language (L2) learners’ intentional and incidental vocabulary learning in computer-assisted language learning (CALL)as an attempt to integrate the emerging educational technologies into L2 learning. To this end, a sample of 55 medical ESP learners participated in a mixed methods research study that administered the FonF practice model-based treatment as the educational intervention among the experimental group. The findings confirmed the efficacy of the FonF practice model in developing incidental and intentional vocabulary learning among the participants who used technology-based tools at form, meaning, and communication levels. Theoretically, the main implication is the need to address individual differences in general and nonlinearity and dynamicity of motivation in particular. Pedagogically, L2 teachers are suggested to benefit from reported CALL tools to boost incidental and intentional vocabulary learning for ESP purposes.
Ahkam Alwi, Dewi Retno Suminar, Nurainy Fardana Nawangsari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 91-103; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18480

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to adapt the Brief adolescents' subjective wellbeing in BASWBSS school and to analyze the psychometric properties of the BASWBSS in Indonesian samples. BASWBSS development consists of two components, namely cognitive and affective. The research subjects were 275 students in four high school schools in Surabaya. The psychometric properties of the items are generally adequate with a good estimate of the loading factor. In the dimension of satisfaction at school, the estimated loading factor is 0.60 to 0.82. The dimension of affect in schools is the estimated value of the loading factor from 0.76 to 0.81. The first-order CFA model showed a good fit with P> 0.05 = 0.046, RMSEA =. 0.047, GFI = 0.94, CFI = 0.99, SRMR = 0.04. Construct reliability on satisfaction at school is 0.887 and the impact dimension at school is 0.762. Keywords: satisfaction at school, affect at school, students
Endah Puspita Sari, Ahmad Zain Fahmi, Nadhila Safitri, Muhammad Garlianka Wangsadikrama, Yifang Wu, Qianqian Lu
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 118-132; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19618

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to compare cross-culturally between belief in a just world and life satisfaction among students in China and Indonesia. Subjects in this study were 194 students in China and 112 students in Indonesia who vary in religion, race, and study field. This research used three scales to collect the data, the Global Belief in Just World Scale, Personal Belief in Just World Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The correlation test showed that for Indonesian subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.330, p = 0.000). And for China subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.412, p = 0.000). From the comparative test, Global Belief in Just World in Indonesia subjects was higher than in China subjects (h2 = 0.066, p = 0.000). A more detailed explanation will be provided in this paper.
Dessy Pranungsari, Muhammad Hidayat, , Miftah Maulidiyah
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 68-90; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19175

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators in Yogyakarta. The main objective of this research was to describe the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators in Yogyakarta. This study’s participants consist of three males with the following criteria: (1) aged 18-24, (2) klitih perpetrators, and (3) lives in Yogyakarta. The research method used was qualitative research using a phenomenological approach. Data collection was conducted using the Personality Test (TAT), equipped with an interview. Data analysis was conducted using thematic analysis. The findings reveal five dominant psychological needs of klitih perpetrators, such as the need for warmth and support (need for affiliation) and the need to seek help or sympathy (need for succorance). The need for freedom (need for autonomy) appeared to emerge strongly against the pressure from permissive and less warm family background, causing the participant to spend more time outside their homes. The need for violence (need for aggression) and the need for recognition (need for achievement) also appeared to arise due to the social environment’s demands, which then influence the participant to commit acts of klitih. This research shows the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators that can be channeled through other activities. Therefore, alternative positive activities that can meet these five primary needs should be developed to prevent adolescents from being involved in acts of klitih in schools, families, communities, and the Yogyakarta government.
Dhini Rama Dhania, , Fendy Suhariadi Fendy Suhariadi,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 48-67; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.17415

Abstract:
Today organizations around the world are dominated by millennial employees and are in the career development stage as leaders. Personal growth is an essential aspect of leadership, especially for female leaders who have different experiences from male leaders. When someone is consciously, intensely, and engaged in the process of personal growth, this is called a personal growth initiative that has a positive function on life and the organization. For this reason, this study aims to understand how personal growth initiatives are on millennial women leaders. This research uses a phenomenological qualitative approach. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with 5 millennial women leaders. The results show three main themes: (1) There are different meanings related to personal growth initiatives in female leaders, (2) There are several obstacles that originate from outside and within millennial women leaders in the process of personal growth initiatives, (3) factors which drive the personal growth initiative of millennial women leaders comes from internal and external factors. The findings in this study are expected to be a meaningful contribution to understanding the personal growth initiative of millennial women leaders.
Vera Nur Choirina, , Yoga Setyo Wibowo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 38-47; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19625

Abstract:
There is a growing interest in the relationship between religiosity and subjective well-being in the literature. However, little evidence exists from Indonesia with a national scope. The aim of this study was to contribute to the literature by investigating the association between self-perceptions of religiosity and life satisfaction using nationally representative data from the Indonesia Family and Life Survey. Linear regression was used for data analysis with a sample of 27,150 individuals aged between 18 and 90. The main findings showed that those who were religious were more satisfied with their life than their counterparts, even after controlling for a set of confounding variables. It seems that religiosity provides people with well-being benefits which might lead to the good life.
Shila Kinari Nayenggita, Made Syanesti Adishesa
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 104-117; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18051

Abstract:
Instagram is one of the social media platforms that allow people to compare themselves with others (social comparison). Seeing the popularity of SNS, this study explores the role of social comparison as a mediator of the influence of Instagram usage intensity on users' self-esteem. The study was conducted using a mediation test technique through the PROCESS program, with 158 participants (25.95% male and 74.05% female) in the age range 18-25 years (M = 21.53, SD = 1.21). The measurement tools used were the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), questions relating to social comparison behavior on Instagram, and the average duration spent using Instagram. The findings show that downward social comparison did not act as a mediator in predicting the influence of Instagram usage on young adults' self-esteem. On the contrary, our findings suggested upward social comparison mediates the relationship between Instagram usage and self-esteem. The implication of this study will be further discussed.
Erydani Anggawijayanto, Thomas Dicky Hastjarjo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 28-37; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18463

Abstract:
Working memory not only temporarily stores information but also actively processes information to perform complex cognitive tasks. Working memory components have different functions such as storing specific verbal and auditive information, visual and spatial information storage areas and there are components that control both systems. One way to retrieve stored information is by recall technique. This study used twelve concrete nouns tested in the form of 12 sequence formats. The twelve formats were tested on 120 people so that each format was tested on 10 participants. Each word produces scores based on achievement tests in each sequence. The participants of this study were adult individuals aged 19-30 years, consisting of 24 male and 96 female participants. Difficulty level (p) of each word, i.e the number of correct answers is divided by the number of total answerers, calculated in each order format. For each sequence a word is chosen with the difficulty level of p = 0.03-0.05. The participants of this study were adult individuals aged 19-30 years, consisting of 24 male and 96 female participants. This study developed a memory test of Indonesian nouns that had psychometric parameters.
Bilson Simamora
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 1-27; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18129

Abstract:
Schadenfreude and social envy have attracted human interest for thousands of years. However, little is know about how they influence achievement motivation in a hierarchical and competitive social environment. To overcome this problem, inspired by Mayer and Salovey’s (1997) emotional intelligence theory, the author develops rivals' anticipated emotions (RAE) and models how the sense of being envied and become the schadenfreude target influence the motivation to avoid the decrease of or to increase current competitive position. The study follows Higgin's (1997) self-regulatory framework in students' context. In the schadenfreude scenario, as part of self-protection, the study proposes that the sense of being a schadenfreude target, represented by rivals' anticipated joyfulness (RAJ), influences students' motivation to avoid the decrease of current competitive position (prevention focus), especially for those who occupy upper and medium positions. Rivals' anticipated distress (RAD) that represents the sense of being envied stimulates students' motivation to increase competitive position (promotion focus), especially for those who occupy the lower and medium position. When working together, the RAJ and RAD stimulate promotion and avoidance motivations simultaneously, especially among mediocre students. Future researchers can widen their investigation into intergroup schadenfreude and social envy research domains.
, Afiyah Sri Harnany,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.16555

Abstract:
Tidal floods affect the surrounding community not only on social, economic, environmental aspects, but also psychological aspects. This phenomenon becomes very important for families in achieving psychological well-being. The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychological well-being of families affected by tidal flooding. Quantitative methods was used in this research with cross sectional study approaches. A total of 84 respondents were taken by purposive sampling. Spearman Rank and Kruskal Wallis correlations was used for data analysis. The result showed that the psychological well-being of respondents averaged 159 197.39 with the lowest value and the highest value of 228. The Kruskal Wallis test results obtained ρ: 0.340> 0.05, meaning that there is no difference in psychological well-being in the three villages. The psychological well-being of families affected by tidal floods is in the low category, so it needs guidance, and cooperation between related institutions in handling psychological aspects.
Endang Prastuti, Mareyke Maritje Wagey Tairas, Nurul Hartini
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14668

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to adapt and validate the Indonesian version of CERQ for adult samples. CERQ consists of nine emotional regulation strategies, with a total of 36 items. CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis) was used to analyse the data. The results of the study showed that based on the measurement model using CFA, CERQ totaling 36 items, through the item selection process, the remaining 17 items have high loading factor. Based on the results of the evaluation of the fit of model indicated by the parameters: chi square = 103.115 (p = 0.101), GFI = 0.895, AGFI = 0.814, CFI = 0.979, TLI = 0.967 and RMSEA = 0.044 explaining the existence of good goodness of fit. CERQ Indonesian version also has Composite Reliability (CR) in the range of 0.707-0.925 and AVE in the range of 0.786-0.927, also explaining and providing evidence of good convergent validity. The confirmed CERQ measurement model has a fit model according to empirical data. Thus, the Indonesian version of CERQ is accepted as a measure of emotion regulation, especially for young adult respondents (aged 20-40 years).
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15797

Abstract:
The absence of children in marriage has some impact on the couple. Empirical studies showed a different result, one is that it brings out a positive impact, and another says the other side. This discrepancy leads to the question of what causes that contradictive finding. This study is aimed to explore the lived experience of involuntary childlessness and determine the context of that experience. In order to get the whole understanding of the experience, this study is using the depth interview method with a phenomenological principle. Participants of this study are 11 involuntary childless who have married for at least 3 years. Results show 8 themes that describe the experience of involuntary childlessness, including positive and negative experience, acceptance, spousal, social and spiritual relationship, conflict, and marital evaluation. The context that determines the experience is the relationship with the spouse, family, community, and the spiritual matter of the couple.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.16169

Abstract:
The current study aims to explain how psychological capital influences employee voice in the Indonesian context. The conservation resources framework can provide an explanation of how personal resources, namely psychological capital (psycap) have an impact on work behavior (employee voice). This study involved 182 participants from various companies. Questionnaires were circulated via an instant messaging application, several social media platforms, and paper-based. Based on a simple regression analysis, it is proven that psychological capital is significantly related to employee voice. Employees can choose to speak up when they are motivated by a pro-social motive that brings to constructive changes to themselves and the organizations. Psycap interacting simultaneously produces different manifestations, which can make individuals obtain new resources. By acquiring these additional resources, individuals are ready to meet the demands of work and achieve their work goals, by providing a voice.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14237

Abstract:
Bullying is an incident that frequently involves a perpetrator, bystander, and victim. However, victims’ responses to stop bullying, does not always achieve the expected outcome. This is partly because the responses vary significantly, and victims does not explicitly show their intention. The purpose of this research is to identify the types of bullying victims’ responses and identify which among them should be implemented. The sample are Javanese 4th to 6th-grade elementary school students who have witnessed bullying. The total sample of 290 students were taken from the elementary schools in Semarang, Yogya, Wonosobo, Pemalang, and Tegal. The dominant victim response is helplessness and there is no difference between cities and classes.Keywords: identification of responses, victims of bullying, victim responses, Javanese student
Afsaneh Mahmoudi, , Majid Mahmoud Alilou
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.13028

Abstract:
Obsessive-compulsive symptoms could be an important background for clinical disorder of OCD. The role of negative affect, rumination, and dispositional mindfulness has not been investigated in previous researches. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to study the relationship among negative affect, rumination, dispositional mindfulness with obsessive-compulsive symptoms. In a descriptive-correlational and crosses- sectional study, 283 students from University of Tabriz have selected by available sampling method during April through May 2017.Maudsley OCD inventory, Positive affect and negative affect scale (PANAS), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and Rumination Scale of the Response Styles Questionnaire were used for collecting the data. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple Regressions tests. The results showed that correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and dispositional mindfulness was negative and significant, correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and negative affect was positive and significant and correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and rumination was significant. Also, negative affect, rumination, and dispositional mindfulness did able to predict the obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Dispositional mindfulness, negative affect, and rumination are the important determinants of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Anggun Resdasari Prasetyo, Darosy Endah H, Lusi Ardhiani
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14231

Abstract:
Career maturity is defined as the ability to complete career development stage. Career maturity requires appropriate intervention, one of which is Appreciative Inquiry. Appreciative inquiry is a intervention that aims to explore positive individual experiences for work readiness. This study aims to determine the effect of Appreciative Inquiry training on student career maturity. The subject of the research was 54 students of the 2017 class year at the Faculty of Psychology Undip, divided into two group (experiment and control) by random assignment. Measurement data using career maturity scale and analyzed by Mann U Whitney test. The results on the posttest data between the experimental and the control group showed a significant difference (Z= -2,385; p=0,017; p<0,05). The experimental group had a higher result (M=176.19;SD=16.52) than the control group (M=167.15;SD=5,383). This explains that the Appreciative Inquiry training can be used to improve career maturity in students.
Fatemeh Ansari Haghighati
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14142

Abstract:
The aim of the current study is to investigate the effectiveness of couple therapy based on commitment and acceptance on the quality of marital relationships and adjustment of the couples of Bushehr. The statistical population of the current study includes all the couples, referring to the family consultation clinics in Bushehr in 2018. Using convenient sampling, 40 couples, referring to the consultation Aramesh clinic, Baran clinic, Mehr clinic in November and December, were randomly chosen and were appointed in two groups (20 in experimental groups and 20 in control group). The obtained data from the study were analyzed using covariance statistical analysis. The results indicated the effectiveness of couple therapy based on acceptance and commitment on the quality of marital relationship of the couples. It has been also effective on the permission of marital relationship, their satisfaction with marital relationship and tendency for marital relationship.Keywords: couple therapy based on commitment and acceptance, the quality of marital relationships, marital adjustment.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15874

Abstract:
Professional caregivers are prone to experience burnout. Burnout is a condition of physical, emotional, and mental fatigue caused by prolonged stress due to work negatively impacts work performance and well-being of professional caregivers. The present study aims to explore the effectiveness of group intervention using Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in reducing burnout and enhancing the psychological well-being of professional caregivers in a nursing home. Five caregivers (four males and one female) participated in four intervention sessions and a follow-up session. Maslach Burnout Inventory and Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale was used to measure burnout and psychological well-being, respectively. Qualitative data were also obtained through interviews at the end of the intervention. Statistical analysis using the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test indicated that MBSR was not significantly effective in reducing burnout and enhancing psychological well-being. However, a trend of positive improvement was observed, indicating the potential benefits of MBSR for reducing burnout in professional caregivers. Limitations of this study are explained in the discussion section.
, Satryo Anggoro, V. Heru Hariyanto
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14524

Abstract:
Increasing productivity has always been an important issue in the context of management. Efforts in this direction are often demands that cause occupational stress, so that a counterproductive situation may occur. Quality of Work Life (QWL) is one of the hot issues that arise to neutralize stressful conditions by creating a more comfortable and more humane working climate. The Employee Assistance Program (EAP) as an intervention can be expected to function as a supporting system. The assessment was conducted for 67 employees. The questionnaire, interview, FGD, and SWOT analysis methods are used in all three stages, the pre-assessment stage, the assessment stage, and the intervention stage. From the Occupational Inventory Stress-Revised (Osipow, 1998), there are four most significant stressor areas and personal resources that are underutilized in managing stressors. The intervention program is directed at curative and preventive services through the EAP design.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14357

Abstract:
Individual differences are one of the factors that influence the psychological climate. The existence of bias and the existence of the perception of the influence of other factors on an individual, so that in the same neighborhood but in different individuals our own ingrained perceptions would be different. It affects individual’s self-efficacy as one of dimension on psychological capital, psychological capital associated with a person's perception of well-being of employees or referred to as employee well-being, where the employee well-being as well as a factors effect of psychological climate. Therefore, this study aims to determine whether employee well-being as a mediator of the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate of hospitality employees. Respondents were 378 hospitality employees, the analysis used regression analysis model 4 v3.0 mediation process by Hayes. The results showed that employee well-being acts as a partial mediator in the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate, so that with the existence of employee well-being the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate will be greater. Research found that the contribution dimension to psychological climate has the greatest relationship with the dimension of psychological well-being in employee well-being, other than that there were differences in employee well-being in the age range of 18-30 years with ages 31-60 years and also differences in psychological climate in the age range from 18-30 years with ages 31-60 years.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15144

Abstract:
Research burnout is an individual’s emotional condition correlated with long-term pressures in the processes of academic research and publication. Nowadays, involve in more research activities in order to be more research productive is expected among higher education academics. These expectations put a lot of pressure on higher education academics to publish and also to generate grant money. Those who cannot meet the expectations may feel a sense of research burnout. We surveyed 290 Indonesian academics (49.8% female, mean age = 42.30 years) from several higher degree institutions in Indonesia. We used scales of research importance, perceived research environment, and research burnout. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that research importance moderated the relationship between perceived research environment and research burnout. For those who have low research importance, perceived research environment was positively correlated with burnout, but for those who have high research importance, perceived research environment was negatively correlated with burnout.
Fairuziana Humam Hamid, Gloryka Ednadita
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.12716

Abstract:
The 2005 peace memorandum was a significant event for the development of Aceh province, following 30 years living in the adversity of political conflict and violence. Persistent stress in post-conflict communities may occur due to daily life hardships related to economic and political instability, such as access to education, employment, and others. These stresses are referred to as daily stressors. The purpose of this study is to explore the daily stressors among the Acehnese 13 years following the peace memorandum. The study was conducted in the city center of North Aceh, one of the regencies that were highly affected by political conflict and violence. We recruited 20 participants with convenience sampling that were consisted of village headmen and local villagers from one of the villages in North Aceh, Alue Anoe Timu. The study employed qualitative design by collecting data with focus group discussion and data were analyzed with thematic analysis. The results are discussed and may provide meaningful knowledge to the development of conflict-affected areas in Aceh.
Desak Nyoman Dewi, Fendy Suhariadi, Seger Handoyo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13757

Abstract:
Safety performance is a performance concept which focuses on employee’s behavior in the context of work safety. Safety performance has been frequently studied in multiple industrial contexts. However, only a few of them aimed for middle scale industries. Previous studies on safety performance were usually conducted more on large scale industries, in which the outcome refers more on the safety performance focusing on work injury, work accident or unsafe behaviors. There are only limited numbers of studies on work behaviors, especially on middle scale industries. This research aimed to identify the opportunities and challenges on the application of safety performance in relations to the work behaviors in the middle scale industries through a library study. Literature search were conducted by online means from four databases: ProQuest e-journal, ScienceDirect e-journals, Sage e-journals, and emerald insight e-journals. The keywords used in the search were (“safety performance” or “safety behavior”), (“medium industries” or “small and medium enterprise” or “SME”), (“safety in medium industries” or “safety in SME”), and (“safety performance in medium industries” or ”safety performance in SME”). There were 33 journals found which were later mapped based on the inclusion or exclusion criteria. Results showed that the flexibility of middle scale industries, collectivistic culture and the role of leaders are the potential supporting factors in the application of safety performance in middle scale industries. On the other hand, factors such as human resources, economy, technology, the organization of middle scale industry and the government regulations are the potential inhibiting factors in the application of safety performance in middle scale industries.Keywords: safety performance, middle scale industry, work safety
Luvy Kurniasari, Fendy Suhariyadi, Seger Handoyo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.15660

Abstract:
Since 2013 Indonesia has adopted a national health system. This system changes directly affect the professional life of a physician. The system changes often lead to the rise of job insecurity on the individual involved. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the health system's changes on young physician's job insecurity, based on the perception of payment, autonomy and meaningful work. The results of a literature review indicate that the factors that may affect the emergence of job insecurity are the perception of the payment and perceived autonomy. Research results show that Job Insecurity in physicians directly influenced by the perception of payment, the perception of autonomy and the meaningfulness of work, and then be indirectly affected by the perception of payment, the perception of autonomy with meaningfulness of work as mediation.Keywords: Job insecurity, perception of payment, perceived autonomy, meaningful work, physician.
Maria Manungkalit, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13917

Abstract:
Due to age-related changes, the elderly are prone to psychological problems, such as anxiety and stress, and mental disorder, such as depression. This study aimed to analyze the influence of anxiety and stress on depression in elderly living in the nursing home. This cross-sectional study involved 145 elderly in a private nursing home in Surabaya, Indonesia. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Suan Prung Stress Test - 20 (SPST-20), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used for collecting data. Linear and ordinal regression tests were used in data analysis (α<0.05). Results showed that the majority was old married Chinese female with basic education level, and living in the nursing home for 1-3 years. Averagely, respondents had mild anxiety, mild stress, and not depressed. Anxiety has a significant influence on depression in elderly living in the nursing home (p = 0.000), and it was accounted for 12.8% variance of depression in this population (R2 = 0.128). Stress has significant influence also on depression (p = 0.000), and it was accounted for 24% variance of depression in this population (R2 = 0.240). Stress is proved to have more influence on depression in the elderly living in a nursing home compared to anxiety.Keywords: anxiety, depression, elderly, institutionalized elderly, nursing home, stress
Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13108

Abstract:
Being diagnosed with cancer in some females results in impaired psychological wellbeing (PWB). This study aimed to compare and analyze the PWB between cervical and breast cancer survivors (CCS and BCS) especially in each stage of survivorship. This cross-sectional study involved 47 CCS and 58 BCS (n=105) from three districts in Surabaya, Indonesia. QOL-CS was used for collecting data. Independent sample T test, one way ANOVA test, and linear regression test were used in data analysis (α<0.05). Results showed that most respondents had sufficient PWB. PWB between cases and survivorship stages was not significantly different (p=0.067 overall, p=0.425 in CCS, and p=0.135 in BCS). In CCS, appearances and self-concept were significantly changing over time (p=0.032 and p=0.007 respectively); meanwhile in BCS, life acceptance, happiness, memory/concentration, and usefulness were continuously changed (p=0.044, p=0.019, p=0.020, and p=0.018 respectively). Appearances were the best predictor of PWB in both cases (p=0.000), but it gave more influences in BCS than CCS (52.6% vs. 29.7%).Keywords: breast cancer, cancer, cancer survivorship, cervical cancer, psychological wellbeing
Valentino Marcel Tahamata, Dian Veronika Sakti Kaloeti
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.12804

Abstract:
Schizophrenia caregivers are chronically exposed to a high level of negative emotional states such as depression, anxiety, and stress. Many studies have explored the problem among caregivers, but there remains to be limited evidence in the use of psychotherapeutic intervention to reduce schizophrenia caregivers’ psychological adversities. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of psychosocial-based resilience intervention in reducing the negative emotional states of schizophrenia caregivers. The one group pre-post quasi-experimental design was conducted to five participants. Following the six sessions of training and two-weeks of follow-up, participants showed a significant reduction of negative emotional states (p= .007), measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Furthermore, dimensions of negative emotional states were also significantly reduced i.e., depression (p= .008), anxiety (p= .015), and stress (p= .016). These results provide evidence that a psychosocial-based resilience program can effectively reduce the negative emotional states of schizophrenia caregivers.Keywords: Resilience, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Family Caregiver, Psychosis
Hadi Suyono
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.15297

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to identify if a conflict is low, medium, or high level through the development of the conflict early warning system index which in turn serves as a preventive measure for conflict. The method used in this is the structural, sequential, and conjunctural model approach. Respondents of this study were farmers who were aware of issues regarding the Kulon Progo coastal land conflict and participated actively in the iron sand mining counter-movement. This study used proportional random sampling and obtained 279 subjects. Data collection used the Kulon Progo coastal area conflict scale, the categorization scale, the group identification scale, the group bias scale, the social resource scale, the motivational resource scale, the cognitive resource scale, the attitude scale, the subjective norm scale, and the perceived behavioural control scale. The research findings show that the conflict early warning system index is categorized as high and still latent. Based on this high index, it can be recommended that preventive measures should be taken by maintaining the land as an agricultural area so that the conflict does not manifest. This effort is beneficial for the farmers’ welfare, preserves the environment, and returns social capital. If implemented, this method can reduce the conflict index as it should be able to help peacefully maintain the social and cultural system of farmers.Keywords: index, early warning system, conflict, farmers.
Iffah Rosyiana, Fendy Suhariadi, Seger Handoyo, Fajrianthi Fajrianthi
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.14945

Abstract:
The development and growth of the hotel business in Indonesia are increasingly rapid, along with the development of the tourism industry. One of the competencies that are needed in facing business competition is innovative competency. Although there have been many studies discussing the importance of mastering innovative competencies, there are still limited instruments for measuring the innovative competencies of hospitality employees. The purpose of this study is to develop an innovative competency measurement instrument for hospitality employees. The development of an innovation competency instrument for hotel marketing employees consists of three indicators, namely individual, interpersonal, and social network conditions. Data collection involved 143 hospitality marketing employees. Data analysis to test the validity of this innovative competency questionnaire uses the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The study results revealed that the questionnaire was valid with the following criteria: RMSEA 0.094 (moderate), RMR = 0.037 (fit), Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.901 (fit), Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.891 (moderate), and NFI = 0.837 (moderate). These results indicate that an indication of a good fit or an innovative competency construct model in this study is declared fit so that it can be used to identify the innovative competencies of Sales Marketing employees in hospitality.Keywords: innovative; interpersonal; social network; instrument validity.
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