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Endah Puspita Sari, Ahmad Zain Fahmi, Nadhila Safitri, Muhammad Garlianka Wangsadikrama, Yifang Wu, Qianqian Lu
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 118-132; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19618

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to compare cross-culturally between belief in a just world and life satisfaction among students in China and Indonesia. Subjects in this study were 194 students in China and 112 students in Indonesia who vary in religion, race, and study field. This research used three scales to collect the data, the Global Belief in Just World Scale, Personal Belief in Just World Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The correlation test showed that for Indonesian subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.330, p = 0.000). And for China subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.412, p = 0.000). From the comparative test, Global Belief in Just World in Indonesia subjects was higher than in China subjects (h2 = 0.066, p = 0.000). A more detailed explanation will be provided in this paper.
Shiva Soltani, Ahmad Mohseni
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 133-154; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18897

Abstract:
The FonF practice model (focus on form) as a technology-oriented pedagogical model was contextualized to examine its efficacy on the second language (L2) learners’ intentional and incidental vocabulary learning in computer-assisted language learning (CALL)as an attempt to integrate the emerging educational technologies into L2 learning. To this end, a sample of 55 medical ESP learners participated in a mixed methods research study that administered the FonF practice model-based treatment as the educational intervention among the experimental group. The findings confirmed the efficacy of the FonF practice model in developing incidental and intentional vocabulary learning among the participants who used technology-based tools at form, meaning, and communication levels. Theoretically, the main implication is the need to address individual differences in general and nonlinearity and dynamicity of motivation in particular. Pedagogically, L2 teachers are suggested to benefit from reported CALL tools to boost incidental and intentional vocabulary learning for ESP purposes.
Ahkam Alwi, Dewi Retno Suminar, Nurainy Fardana Nawangsari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 91-103; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18480

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to adapt the Brief adolescents' subjective wellbeing in BASWBSS school and to analyze the psychometric properties of the BASWBSS in Indonesian samples. BASWBSS development consists of two components, namely cognitive and affective. The research subjects were 275 students in four high school schools in Surabaya. The psychometric properties of the items are generally adequate with a good estimate of the loading factor. In the dimension of satisfaction at school, the estimated loading factor is 0.60 to 0.82. The dimension of affect in schools is the estimated value of the loading factor from 0.76 to 0.81. The first-order CFA model showed a good fit with P> 0.05 = 0.046, RMSEA =. 0.047, GFI = 0.94, CFI = 0.99, SRMR = 0.04. Construct reliability on satisfaction at school is 0.887 and the impact dimension at school is 0.762. Keywords: satisfaction at school, affect at school, students
Shila Kinari Nayenggita, Made Syanesti Adishesa
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 104-117; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18051

Abstract:
Instagram is one of the social media platforms that allow people to compare themselves with others (social comparison). Seeing the popularity of SNS, this study explores the role of social comparison as a mediator of the influence of Instagram usage intensity on users' self-esteem. The study was conducted using a mediation test technique through the PROCESS program, with 158 participants (25.95% male and 74.05% female) in the age range 18-25 years (M = 21.53, SD = 1.21). The measurement tools used were the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), questions relating to social comparison behavior on Instagram, and the average duration spent using Instagram. The findings show that downward social comparison did not act as a mediator in predicting the influence of Instagram usage on young adults' self-esteem. On the contrary, our findings suggested upward social comparison mediates the relationship between Instagram usage and self-esteem. The implication of this study will be further discussed.
Erydani Anggawijayanto, Thomas Dicky Hastjarjo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 28-37; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18463

Abstract:
Working memory not only temporarily stores information but also actively processes information to perform complex cognitive tasks. Working memory components have different functions such as storing specific verbal and auditive information, visual and spatial information storage areas and there are components that control both systems. One way to retrieve stored information is by recall technique. This study used twelve concrete nouns tested in the form of 12 sequence formats. The twelve formats were tested on 120 people so that each format was tested on 10 participants. Each word produces scores based on achievement tests in each sequence. The participants of this study were adult individuals aged 19-30 years, consisting of 24 male and 96 female participants. Difficulty level (p) of each word, i.e the number of correct answers is divided by the number of total answerers, calculated in each order format. For each sequence a word is chosen with the difficulty level of p = 0.03-0.05. The participants of this study were adult individuals aged 19-30 years, consisting of 24 male and 96 female participants. This study developed a memory test of Indonesian nouns that had psychometric parameters.
Bilson Simamora
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 1-27; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.18129

Abstract:
Schadenfreude and social envy have attracted human interest for thousands of years. However, little is know about how they influence achievement motivation in a hierarchical and competitive social environment. To overcome this problem, inspired by Mayer and Salovey’s (1997) emotional intelligence theory, the author develops rivals' anticipated emotions (RAE) and models how the sense of being envied and become the schadenfreude target influence the motivation to avoid the decrease of or to increase current competitive position. The study follows Higgin's (1997) self-regulatory framework in students' context. In the schadenfreude scenario, as part of self-protection, the study proposes that the sense of being a schadenfreude target, represented by rivals' anticipated joyfulness (RAJ), influences students' motivation to avoid the decrease of current competitive position (prevention focus), especially for those who occupy upper and medium positions. Rivals' anticipated distress (RAD) that represents the sense of being envied stimulates students' motivation to increase competitive position (promotion focus), especially for those who occupy the lower and medium position. When working together, the RAJ and RAD stimulate promotion and avoidance motivations simultaneously, especially among mediocre students. Future researchers can widen their investigation into intergroup schadenfreude and social envy research domains.
Dhini Rama Dhania, , Fendy Suhariadi Fendy Suhariadi,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 48-67; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.17415

Abstract:
Today organizations around the world are dominated by millennial employees and are in the career development stage as leaders. Personal growth is an essential aspect of leadership, especially for female leaders who have different experiences from male leaders. When someone is consciously, intensely, and engaged in the process of personal growth, this is called a personal growth initiative that has a positive function on life and the organization. For this reason, this study aims to understand how personal growth initiatives are on millennial women leaders. This research uses a phenomenological qualitative approach. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with 5 millennial women leaders. The results show three main themes: (1) There are different meanings related to personal growth initiatives in female leaders, (2) There are several obstacles that originate from outside and within millennial women leaders in the process of personal growth initiatives, (3) factors which drive the personal growth initiative of millennial women leaders comes from internal and external factors. The findings in this study are expected to be a meaningful contribution to understanding the personal growth initiative of millennial women leaders.
Dessy Pranungsari, Muhammad Hidayat, , Miftah Maulidiyah
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 68-90; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19175

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators in Yogyakarta. The main objective of this research was to describe the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators in Yogyakarta. This study’s participants consist of three males with the following criteria: (1) aged 18-24, (2) klitih perpetrators, and (3) lives in Yogyakarta. The research method used was qualitative research using a phenomenological approach. Data collection was conducted using the Personality Test (TAT), equipped with an interview. Data analysis was conducted using thematic analysis. The findings reveal five dominant psychological needs of klitih perpetrators, such as the need for warmth and support (need for affiliation) and the need to seek help or sympathy (need for succorance). The need for freedom (need for autonomy) appeared to emerge strongly against the pressure from permissive and less warm family background, causing the participant to spend more time outside their homes. The need for violence (need for aggression) and the need for recognition (need for achievement) also appeared to arise due to the social environment’s demands, which then influence the participant to commit acts of klitih. This research shows the psychological needs of klitih perpetrators that can be channeled through other activities. Therefore, alternative positive activities that can meet these five primary needs should be developed to prevent adolescents from being involved in acts of klitih in schools, families, communities, and the Yogyakarta government.
Vera Nur Choirina, , Yoga Setyo Wibowo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 10, pp 38-47; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v10i1.19625

Abstract:
There is a growing interest in the relationship between religiosity and subjective well-being in the literature. However, little evidence exists from Indonesia with a national scope. The aim of this study was to contribute to the literature by investigating the association between self-perceptions of religiosity and life satisfaction using nationally representative data from the Indonesia Family and Life Survey. Linear regression was used for data analysis with a sample of 27,150 individuals aged between 18 and 90. The main findings showed that those who were religious were more satisfied with their life than their counterparts, even after controlling for a set of confounding variables. It seems that religiosity provides people with well-being benefits which might lead to the good life.
, Afiyah Sri Harnany,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.16555

Abstract:
Tidal floods affect the surrounding community not only on social, economic, environmental aspects, but also psychological aspects. This phenomenon becomes very important for families in achieving psychological well-being. The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychological well-being of families affected by tidal flooding. Quantitative methods was used in this research with cross sectional study approaches. A total of 84 respondents were taken by purposive sampling. Spearman Rank and Kruskal Wallis correlations was used for data analysis. The result showed that the psychological well-being of respondents averaged 159 197.39 with the lowest value and the highest value of 228. The Kruskal Wallis test results obtained ρ: 0.340> 0.05, meaning that there is no difference in psychological well-being in the three villages. The psychological well-being of families affected by tidal floods is in the low category, so it needs guidance, and cooperation between related institutions in handling psychological aspects.
Endang Prastuti, Mareyke Maritje Wagey Tairas, Nurul Hartini
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14668

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to adapt and validate the Indonesian version of CERQ for adult samples. CERQ consists of nine emotional regulation strategies, with a total of 36 items. CFA (Confirmatory Factor Analysis) was used to analyse the data. The results of the study showed that based on the measurement model using CFA, CERQ totaling 36 items, through the item selection process, the remaining 17 items have high loading factor. Based on the results of the evaluation of the fit of model indicated by the parameters: chi square = 103.115 (p = 0.101), GFI = 0.895, AGFI = 0.814, CFI = 0.979, TLI = 0.967 and RMSEA = 0.044 explaining the existence of good goodness of fit. CERQ Indonesian version also has Composite Reliability (CR) in the range of 0.707-0.925 and AVE in the range of 0.786-0.927, also explaining and providing evidence of good convergent validity. The confirmed CERQ measurement model has a fit model according to empirical data. Thus, the Indonesian version of CERQ is accepted as a measure of emotion regulation, especially for young adult respondents (aged 20-40 years).
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15797

Abstract:
The absence of children in marriage has some impact on the couple. Empirical studies showed a different result, one is that it brings out a positive impact, and another says the other side. This discrepancy leads to the question of what causes that contradictive finding. This study is aimed to explore the lived experience of involuntary childlessness and determine the context of that experience. In order to get the whole understanding of the experience, this study is using the depth interview method with a phenomenological principle. Participants of this study are 11 involuntary childless who have married for at least 3 years. Results show 8 themes that describe the experience of involuntary childlessness, including positive and negative experience, acceptance, spousal, social and spiritual relationship, conflict, and marital evaluation. The context that determines the experience is the relationship with the spouse, family, community, and the spiritual matter of the couple.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14237

Abstract:
Bullying is an incident that frequently involves a perpetrator, bystander, and victim. However, victims’ responses to stop bullying, does not always achieve the expected outcome. This is partly because the responses vary significantly, and victims does not explicitly show their intention. The purpose of this research is to identify the types of bullying victims’ responses and identify which among them should be implemented. The sample are Javanese 4th to 6th-grade elementary school students who have witnessed bullying. The total sample of 290 students were taken from the elementary schools in Semarang, Yogya, Wonosobo, Pemalang, and Tegal. The dominant victim response is helplessness and there is no difference between cities and classes.Keywords: identification of responses, victims of bullying, victim responses, Javanese student
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.16169

Abstract:
The current study aims to explain how psychological capital influences employee voice in the Indonesian context. The conservation resources framework can provide an explanation of how personal resources, namely psychological capital (psycap) have an impact on work behavior (employee voice). This study involved 182 participants from various companies. Questionnaires were circulated via an instant messaging application, several social media platforms, and paper-based. Based on a simple regression analysis, it is proven that psychological capital is significantly related to employee voice. Employees can choose to speak up when they are motivated by a pro-social motive that brings to constructive changes to themselves and the organizations. Psycap interacting simultaneously produces different manifestations, which can make individuals obtain new resources. By acquiring these additional resources, individuals are ready to meet the demands of work and achieve their work goals, by providing a voice.
Anggun Resdasari Prasetyo, Darosy Endah H, Lusi Ardhiani
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14231

Abstract:
Career maturity is defined as the ability to complete career development stage. Career maturity requires appropriate intervention, one of which is Appreciative Inquiry. Appreciative inquiry is a intervention that aims to explore positive individual experiences for work readiness. This study aims to determine the effect of Appreciative Inquiry training on student career maturity. The subject of the research was 54 students of the 2017 class year at the Faculty of Psychology Undip, divided into two group (experiment and control) by random assignment. Measurement data using career maturity scale and analyzed by Mann U Whitney test. The results on the posttest data between the experimental and the control group showed a significant difference (Z= -2,385; p=0,017; p<0,05). The experimental group had a higher result (M=176.19;SD=16.52) than the control group (M=167.15;SD=5,383). This explains that the Appreciative Inquiry training can be used to improve career maturity in students.
Fatemeh Ansari Haghighati
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14142

Abstract:
The aim of the current study is to investigate the effectiveness of couple therapy based on commitment and acceptance on the quality of marital relationships and adjustment of the couples of Bushehr. The statistical population of the current study includes all the couples, referring to the family consultation clinics in Bushehr in 2018. Using convenient sampling, 40 couples, referring to the consultation Aramesh clinic, Baran clinic, Mehr clinic in November and December, were randomly chosen and were appointed in two groups (20 in experimental groups and 20 in control group). The obtained data from the study were analyzed using covariance statistical analysis. The results indicated the effectiveness of couple therapy based on acceptance and commitment on the quality of marital relationship of the couples. It has been also effective on the permission of marital relationship, their satisfaction with marital relationship and tendency for marital relationship.Keywords: couple therapy based on commitment and acceptance, the quality of marital relationships, marital adjustment.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15874

Abstract:
Professional caregivers are prone to experience burnout. Burnout is a condition of physical, emotional, and mental fatigue caused by prolonged stress due to work negatively impacts work performance and well-being of professional caregivers. The present study aims to explore the effectiveness of group intervention using Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in reducing burnout and enhancing the psychological well-being of professional caregivers in a nursing home. Five caregivers (four males and one female) participated in four intervention sessions and a follow-up session. Maslach Burnout Inventory and Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale was used to measure burnout and psychological well-being, respectively. Qualitative data were also obtained through interviews at the end of the intervention. Statistical analysis using the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test indicated that MBSR was not significantly effective in reducing burnout and enhancing psychological well-being. However, a trend of positive improvement was observed, indicating the potential benefits of MBSR for reducing burnout in professional caregivers. Limitations of this study are explained in the discussion section.
, Satryo Anggoro, V. Heru Hariyanto
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14524

Abstract:
Increasing productivity has always been an important issue in the context of management. Efforts in this direction are often demands that cause occupational stress, so that a counterproductive situation may occur. Quality of Work Life (QWL) is one of the hot issues that arise to neutralize stressful conditions by creating a more comfortable and more humane working climate. The Employee Assistance Program (EAP) as an intervention can be expected to function as a supporting system. The assessment was conducted for 67 employees. The questionnaire, interview, FGD, and SWOT analysis methods are used in all three stages, the pre-assessment stage, the assessment stage, and the intervention stage. From the Occupational Inventory Stress-Revised (Osipow, 1998), there are four most significant stressor areas and personal resources that are underutilized in managing stressors. The intervention program is directed at curative and preventive services through the EAP design.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.14357

Abstract:
Individual differences are one of the factors that influence the psychological climate. The existence of bias and the existence of the perception of the influence of other factors on an individual, so that in the same neighborhood but in different individuals our own ingrained perceptions would be different. It affects individual’s self-efficacy as one of dimension on psychological capital, psychological capital associated with a person's perception of well-being of employees or referred to as employee well-being, where the employee well-being as well as a factors effect of psychological climate. Therefore, this study aims to determine whether employee well-being as a mediator of the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate of hospitality employees. Respondents were 378 hospitality employees, the analysis used regression analysis model 4 v3.0 mediation process by Hayes. The results showed that employee well-being acts as a partial mediator in the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate, so that with the existence of employee well-being the relationship between psychological capital and psychological climate will be greater. Research found that the contribution dimension to psychological climate has the greatest relationship with the dimension of psychological well-being in employee well-being, other than that there were differences in employee well-being in the age range of 18-30 years with ages 31-60 years and also differences in psychological climate in the age range from 18-30 years with ages 31-60 years.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.15144

Abstract:
Research burnout is an individual’s emotional condition correlated with long-term pressures in the processes of academic research and publication. Nowadays, involve in more research activities in order to be more research productive is expected among higher education academics. These expectations put a lot of pressure on higher education academics to publish and also to generate grant money. Those who cannot meet the expectations may feel a sense of research burnout. We surveyed 290 Indonesian academics (49.8% female, mean age = 42.30 years) from several higher degree institutions in Indonesia. We used scales of research importance, perceived research environment, and research burnout. Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that research importance moderated the relationship between perceived research environment and research burnout. For those who have low research importance, perceived research environment was positively correlated with burnout, but for those who have high research importance, perceived research environment was negatively correlated with burnout.
Afsaneh Mahmoudi, , Majid Mahmoud Alilou
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i2.13028

Abstract:
Obsessive-compulsive symptoms could be an important background for clinical disorder of OCD. The role of negative affect, rumination, and dispositional mindfulness has not been investigated in previous researches. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to study the relationship among negative affect, rumination, dispositional mindfulness with obsessive-compulsive symptoms. In a descriptive-correlational and crosses- sectional study, 283 students from University of Tabriz have selected by available sampling method during April through May 2017.Maudsley OCD inventory, Positive affect and negative affect scale (PANAS), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and Rumination Scale of the Response Styles Questionnaire were used for collecting the data. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple Regressions tests. The results showed that correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and dispositional mindfulness was negative and significant, correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and negative affect was positive and significant and correlation between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and rumination was significant. Also, negative affect, rumination, and dispositional mindfulness did able to predict the obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Dispositional mindfulness, negative affect, and rumination are the important determinants of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Desak Nyoman Dewi, Fendy Suhariadi, Seger Handoyo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13757

Abstract:
Safety performance is a performance concept which focuses on employee’s behavior in the context of work safety. Safety performance has been frequently studied in multiple industrial contexts. However, only a few of them aimed for middle scale industries. Previous studies on safety performance were usually conducted more on large scale industries, in which the outcome refers more on the safety performance focusing on work injury, work accident or unsafe behaviors. There are only limited numbers of studies on work behaviors, especially on middle scale industries. This research aimed to identify the opportunities and challenges on the application of safety performance in relations to the work behaviors in the middle scale industries through a library study. Literature search were conducted by online means from four databases: ProQuest e-journal, ScienceDirect e-journals, Sage e-journals, and emerald insight e-journals. The keywords used in the search were (“safety performance” or “safety behavior”), (“medium industries” or “small and medium enterprise” or “SME”), (“safety in medium industries” or “safety in SME”), and (“safety performance in medium industries” or ”safety performance in SME”). There were 33 journals found which were later mapped based on the inclusion or exclusion criteria. Results showed that the flexibility of middle scale industries, collectivistic culture and the role of leaders are the potential supporting factors in the application of safety performance in middle scale industries. On the other hand, factors such as human resources, economy, technology, the organization of middle scale industry and the government regulations are the potential inhibiting factors in the application of safety performance in middle scale industries.Keywords: safety performance, middle scale industry, work safety
Luvy Kurniasari, Fendy Suhariyadi, Seger Handoyo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.15660

Abstract:
Since 2013 Indonesia has adopted a national health system. This system changes directly affect the professional life of a physician. The system changes often lead to the rise of job insecurity on the individual involved. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the health system's changes on young physician's job insecurity, based on the perception of payment, autonomy and meaningful work. The results of a literature review indicate that the factors that may affect the emergence of job insecurity are the perception of the payment and perceived autonomy. Research results show that Job Insecurity in physicians directly influenced by the perception of payment, the perception of autonomy and the meaningfulness of work, and then be indirectly affected by the perception of payment, the perception of autonomy with meaningfulness of work as mediation.Keywords: Job insecurity, perception of payment, perceived autonomy, meaningful work, physician.
Fairuziana Humam Hamid, Gloryka Ednadita
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.12716

Abstract:
The 2005 peace memorandum was a significant event for the development of Aceh province, following 30 years living in the adversity of political conflict and violence. Persistent stress in post-conflict communities may occur due to daily life hardships related to economic and political instability, such as access to education, employment, and others. These stresses are referred to as daily stressors. The purpose of this study is to explore the daily stressors among the Acehnese 13 years following the peace memorandum. The study was conducted in the city center of North Aceh, one of the regencies that were highly affected by political conflict and violence. We recruited 20 participants with convenience sampling that were consisted of village headmen and local villagers from one of the villages in North Aceh, Alue Anoe Timu. The study employed qualitative design by collecting data with focus group discussion and data were analyzed with thematic analysis. The results are discussed and may provide meaningful knowledge to the development of conflict-affected areas in Aceh.
Made Syanesti Adishesa, Ferdinand Prawiro
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.14214

Abstract:
This study attempted to apply the hypocrisy induction principle in a real-life setting, a behavioral modification method in which cognitive dissonance was invoked in order to dissuade people from certain undesirable behavior. The aim of this experiment was testing the effect of hypocrisy induction in decreasing plagiarism among students. 136 high school students in their second year were categorized into four groups (hypocrisy, commitment only, mindful only, control), and given a task in which plagiarism was made possible. The tasks submitted by the students were given a plagiarism score using a program that matches them with online articles. Data analysis showed that the hypocrisy induction did not produce a significant effect on plagiarism. 92% of participants committed plagiarism in varying levels, indicating a banality of plagiarism in the school. The implications of these results on plagiarism prevention were discussed. Keywords: plagiarism, hypocrisy induction, cognitive dissonance, experiment
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.14195

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to investigate victimization from sexual harassment, and level of emotional distress due to it, are associated with four other types of victimization. A questionnaire was completed by 280 female university students and lecturers in Ghana. The mean age was 26.7 years (SD = 6.2). The questionnaire included scales for measuring frequency of sexual harassment, emotional distress due to sexual harassment, physical punishment during childhood, victimization from peer aggression at school, and victimization from intimate partner aggression. Respondents who were more than average victimized from sexual harassment scored significantly higher on physical punishment during childhood, victimization from peer aggression at school (revictimization), and victimization from intimate partner aggression (multiple victimization).When frequency of sexual harassment was controlled for, emotional distress caused by sexual harassment correlated positively with victimization from peer aggression at school, and victimization from verbal intimate partner aggression, thus suggesting sensitization to aggression. Victimization from sexual harassment was associated with higher levels of both previous and simultaneous victimization from other types of aggression, thus corroborating the principles of both revictimization and multiple victimization. The finding does not suggest that sexual harassment in all cases is associated with other types of victimization.Keywords: sexual harassment, revictimization, emotional distress, Ghana
Maria Manungkalit, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13917

Abstract:
Due to age-related changes, the elderly are prone to psychological problems, such as anxiety and stress, and mental disorder, such as depression. This study aimed to analyze the influence of anxiety and stress on depression in elderly living in the nursing home. This cross-sectional study involved 145 elderly in a private nursing home in Surabaya, Indonesia. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Suan Prung Stress Test - 20 (SPST-20), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used for collecting data. Linear and ordinal regression tests were used in data analysis (α<0.05). Results showed that the majority was old married Chinese female with basic education level, and living in the nursing home for 1-3 years. Averagely, respondents had mild anxiety, mild stress, and not depressed. Anxiety has a significant influence on depression in elderly living in the nursing home (p = 0.000), and it was accounted for 12.8% variance of depression in this population (R2 = 0.128). Stress has significant influence also on depression (p = 0.000), and it was accounted for 24% variance of depression in this population (R2 = 0.240). Stress is proved to have more influence on depression in the elderly living in a nursing home compared to anxiety.Keywords: anxiety, depression, elderly, institutionalized elderly, nursing home, stress
Iffah Rosyiana, Fendy Suhariadi, Seger Handoyo, Fajrianthi Fajrianthi
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.14945

Abstract:
The development and growth of the hotel business in Indonesia are increasingly rapid, along with the development of the tourism industry. One of the competencies that are needed in facing business competition is innovative competency. Although there have been many studies discussing the importance of mastering innovative competencies, there are still limited instruments for measuring the innovative competencies of hospitality employees. The purpose of this study is to develop an innovative competency measurement instrument for hospitality employees. The development of an innovation competency instrument for hotel marketing employees consists of three indicators, namely individual, interpersonal, and social network conditions. Data collection involved 143 hospitality marketing employees. Data analysis to test the validity of this innovative competency questionnaire uses the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The study results revealed that the questionnaire was valid with the following criteria: RMSEA 0.094 (moderate), RMR = 0.037 (fit), Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.901 (fit), Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) = 0.891 (moderate), and NFI = 0.837 (moderate). These results indicate that an indication of a good fit or an innovative competency construct model in this study is declared fit so that it can be used to identify the innovative competencies of Sales Marketing employees in hospitality.Keywords: innovative; interpersonal; social network; instrument validity.
Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.13108

Abstract:
Being diagnosed with cancer in some females results in impaired psychological wellbeing (PWB). This study aimed to compare and analyze the PWB between cervical and breast cancer survivors (CCS and BCS) especially in each stage of survivorship. This cross-sectional study involved 47 CCS and 58 BCS (n=105) from three districts in Surabaya, Indonesia. QOL-CS was used for collecting data. Independent sample T test, one way ANOVA test, and linear regression test were used in data analysis (α<0.05). Results showed that most respondents had sufficient PWB. PWB between cases and survivorship stages was not significantly different (p=0.067 overall, p=0.425 in CCS, and p=0.135 in BCS). In CCS, appearances and self-concept were significantly changing over time (p=0.032 and p=0.007 respectively); meanwhile in BCS, life acceptance, happiness, memory/concentration, and usefulness were continuously changed (p=0.044, p=0.019, p=0.020, and p=0.018 respectively). Appearances were the best predictor of PWB in both cases (p=0.000), but it gave more influences in BCS than CCS (52.6% vs. 29.7%).Keywords: breast cancer, cancer, cancer survivorship, cervical cancer, psychological wellbeing
Valentino Marcel Tahamata, Dian Veronika Sakti Kaloeti
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.12804

Abstract:
Schizophrenia caregivers are chronically exposed to a high level of negative emotional states such as depression, anxiety, and stress. Many studies have explored the problem among caregivers, but there remains to be limited evidence in the use of psychotherapeutic intervention to reduce schizophrenia caregivers’ psychological adversities. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of psychosocial-based resilience intervention in reducing the negative emotional states of schizophrenia caregivers. The one group pre-post quasi-experimental design was conducted to five participants. Following the six sessions of training and two-weeks of follow-up, participants showed a significant reduction of negative emotional states (p= .007), measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Furthermore, dimensions of negative emotional states were also significantly reduced i.e., depression (p= .008), anxiety (p= .015), and stress (p= .016). These results provide evidence that a psychosocial-based resilience program can effectively reduce the negative emotional states of schizophrenia caregivers.Keywords: Resilience, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Family Caregiver, Psychosis
Hadi Suyono
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 9; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v9i1.15297

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to identify if a conflict is low, medium, or high level through the development of the conflict early warning system index which in turn serves as a preventive measure for conflict. The method used in this is the structural, sequential, and conjunctural model approach. Respondents of this study were farmers who were aware of issues regarding the Kulon Progo coastal land conflict and participated actively in the iron sand mining counter-movement. This study used proportional random sampling and obtained 279 subjects. Data collection used the Kulon Progo coastal area conflict scale, the categorization scale, the group identification scale, the group bias scale, the social resource scale, the motivational resource scale, the cognitive resource scale, the attitude scale, the subjective norm scale, and the perceived behavioural control scale. The research findings show that the conflict early warning system index is categorized as high and still latent. Based on this high index, it can be recommended that preventive measures should be taken by maintaining the land as an agricultural area so that the conflict does not manifest. This effort is beneficial for the farmers’ welfare, preserves the environment, and returns social capital. If implemented, this method can reduce the conflict index as it should be able to help peacefully maintain the social and cultural system of farmers.Keywords: index, early warning system, conflict, farmers.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 594-619; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14572

Abstract:
This study aims to test and carry out the process of adapting the Organizational Communication Satisfaction Measurement Tool of millennial employees in Indonesia. Currently, the millennial generation makes up 40% of the population in Indonesia, covering more than 60% in many organizations. Some of the allegations against millennials are communication factors that need to be adjusted between millennial and other generations. The purpose of this research is to discover a suitable measurement of communication, adjusted to the conditions in Indonesia. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) method with AMOS version 18 was used to analyzed data of 200 people who participated in the study from April to June 2019. The CFA model used to test the Communication Satisfaction instrument uses the first-order model, which include eight Communication Satisfaction dimensions: supervisory communication, co-worker communication, subordinate communication, corporate information, informal information, information availability, performance appraisal reward, and governance for complaints and responses. The scale was adapted from the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire developed by Down & Hazen (1977), Down & Adrian (2004), and Wagner et al. (2014). The results show that the scale is valid for 39 items and invalid for two items. It is concluded that the adaptation process was successfully carried out, and the scale could be used for the millennial employees. Keywords:communication satisfaction, millennial employees, scale adaption, organizational performance
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 581-593; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14149

Abstract:
This research was about the Social Perspective Taking instrument which was adapted from a instrument developed by Diazgranados and friends in 2016, by adjusting the setting of the Indonesian Navy. Procedures used with the cross-cultural adaptation stage started from the process of translating to field testing (Beaton, Bombardier, Guillemin, & Ferraz, 2000). Subject involved 120 Navy officers with the rank of major. Sampling using simple random sampling techniques and statistical tests were SEM analysis. The results of the study were all valid items (loading factor> 0.5) and reliable indicators. Goodness of fit model was quite good. This instrument is expected to detect the right candidate for officers and assist the process of preparing officers to become leaders whose decisions are not solely based on knowledge from military education, but also consider perspectives on the thoughts, feelings and behavior of others. The weakness of this instrument is the item in the form of open questions, so it requires more time and effort compared to similar tests with answer choices. Keywords: social perspective taking, instrument, officer
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 517-531; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14000

Abstract:
This study aims to measure the correlation between masculine ideology and gender role conflict among the pastor's husband. This study included 40 GBKP pastors' husbands using two measuring scales, namely the male role norm scale compiled by Thompson &Pleck (1986) and the gender role conflict scale compiled by O'Neil et al. (1986). Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient statistics revealed a positive relationship between masculine ideology and gender role conflict, r=0.484 at p<.05. The findings were discussed, and suggestions made.Keywords: Masculine ideology, gender role conflict, pastor
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 499-516; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.12708

Abstract:
Globalization has resulted in an increased number of foreign workers in Indonesia. Nevertheless, not all foreign workers can easily adapt to the culture, business, and social situation of the host country. According to cross-cultural literature, the cultural adjustment has been considered as the prerequisite for the success of the expatriates overseas. This study aims to investigate factors that affect the success of the international assignment. Using a qualitative case study approach, this study interviewed five expatriates working in the education industry in Central Java based on the U-curve cultural adjustment theory. The result of this study demonstrates that the inability of an expatriate to adjust with the host country was due to the lack of preparation toward the culture of the host country, resistance with the new culture, conflict-avoiding behavior, and the lack of two-way communication between the expatriate and the local staffs.Keywords: Cross-cultural adjustment, cross-cultural management, expatriate, international assignment, U-curve.
Dessi Christanti, Muhammad Ghazali Bagus Ani Putra
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.13252

Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 566-580; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14253

Abstract:
Lack of adapted health-related quality of life measurement in Bahasa Indonesia may create difficulties in concluding the effects of heart disease and its treatment on a patient's health-related quality of life in Indonesia. MacNew heart disease health-related quality of life questionnaire (MacNew) has been proven a valid and reliable health-related quality of life measurement. It also has been adapted in several languages. This study aimed at translating and assessing the Indonesian version of MacNew questionnaire validity evidence based on the relation with other variables on and internal consistency. Validity evidence based on the relation with other variables was assessed by correlating the Indonesian version of the MacNew questionnaire score with cardiac anxiety, gender, age, education level, left ventricular ejection fraction score, and comorbidity. Two hundred thirty-six patients diagnosed with myocardial infarction (MI) filled out the questionnaire at a one-time intake. Results from confirmatory factor analysis revealed three domains of health-related quality of life, namely emotional, physical, and social. The three-domain explained 42.31% of the health-related quality of life total variance. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was good (0.816-0.900). Health-related quality of life was negatively correlated with cardiac anxiety. Male patients had a higher health-related quality of life compare to female patients. However, there was no significant correlation between health-related quality of life and left ventricular ejection fraction and comorbidity. The Indonesian version of MacNew questionnaire demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties and can be recommended to measure HRQOL in heart patients in Indonesia. Keywords: Health-related quality of life, MacNew Heart Disease HRQOL instrument, instrument adaptation
Lusy Asa Akhrani, Grace Eka
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 547-565; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.11491

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the relationship between the cultural value of AAS (Anxiety about Aging) and religiosity as a moderator variable. The subjects of this research were Toraja community in the middle age group (40-60 years old) and late adults (60 years old and over) who were still performing the ritual of Ma 'Nene' or Ma 'Ta' Da' amounted to 174 research subjects. The instrument used in this research was INDVALS scale (Sihombing, 2014) to measure cultural value (α = 0.866), AAS scale (Lasher and Faulkender, 1993) to measure anxiety about aging (α = 0.82), and the Religiosity Scale that has been modified and rearranged based on the dimensions of religiosity by Stark & Glock (1968). The method of analysis used was PROCESS method by Andrew F. Hayes, which was used through the SPSS 21.0 for Windows statistical program. The analysis results showed that the significance value (ρ) was 0.5687>α = 0.05, so the research resulted that religiosity has no effect on the relationship of the variable of cultural value and anxiety about the aging of Toraja community. In addition, the cultural value of the Toraja community was confirmed to play a role in anxiety about aging by 33.7%. Keywords: Cultural Value, Anxiety about Aging, Religiosity, Toraja Culture.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 453-464; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.14660

Abstract:
Discrepancies between individuals and their parents regarding career goals often present as inevitable conditions that have the potentials to influence individual career distress and also parental career distress from the perspective of the individual. This study aimed to investigate the moderating role of individual goal clarity on the relationships between individual-parent career goal discrepancies and individual and parental career distresses. We collected data from 205 freshmen of an university in Semarang, Indonesia, M age = 18.35 years, SD age = .64, 68.3% female. We used the Individual-Parent Career Goal Discrepancies Scale (α = .93), Goal Clarity Scale (α = .84), Career Distress Scale (α = .87), and Parental Career Distress Scale(α = .81). Hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that as discrepancies increased, individual and parental career distress increased for high goal clarity and low goal clarity groups. However, those variables increased more markedly for the low goal clarity group. Our results highlight the important role of individual goal clarity in the consequences of individual-parent career goal discrepancies on young people’s and parental distresses. Recommendations for students, parents, and practitioners are discussed. Keywords: career, discrepancies, distress, goal clarity, parents
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 532-546; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.13204

Abstract:
AbstrakThe growing shortage of nurses is a global issue nowadays. The expectation of student nurses towards their future career as a practical nurse should be carefully considered, especially in the millennial generation. This study aimed to compare and analyze the differences in career expectations between nursing first-year students and interns. This cross-sectional study involved 110 and 66 nursing freshmen and interns, respectively (n=176) in two private nursing colleges in the middle part of Indonesia, both institutions were “B” accredited. Career expectations questionnaire was used in data collection. Descriptive statistics and the Mann-Whitney U test were used for analyzing the data (α<.05). Results showed that nursing interns had higher career expectations than the freshmen (Mean: 77.24 vs. 71.84); interns had high expectations, while first-year students had enough expectations. There was a significant difference found between groups (p=.003), which influenced by promotion (p=.001), leisure time (p=.015), work-life balance (p=.030), business opportunity (p=.028), organization membership (p=.004), and public recognition (p=.038). Career expectation differs significantly between nursing first-year students and interns. Keywords: career, career expectation, nursing, student nurse
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 480-498; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.12962

Abstract:
This study describes the adaptation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure-Revised (CYRM-R) for use in Indonesia. The process of adaptation involved several steps. The first step was translating and back-translating the measurement. The next step was conducting focus groups to explore the legibility of the translated measure. After this, the validity and the reliability of the translated version was tested, as well as an exploration of data. Samples were130 elementary school children (57.7% female) aged 10-13. Data were collected in 2 randomly chosen elementary schools in Kota Bandung. The analyses confirmed the validity and reliability of the measure (alpha = .902). The results indicated that the CYRM-R had been adapted successfully and is a robust measure for exploring the social-ecological resilience of children and youth in Indonesia. The CYRM-R can be used for research and practice in the Indonesian context.Keywords: resilience; child; measurement; cross-cultural; CYRM-R; Indonesia
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 465-479; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i4.12882

Abstract:
The systematic review aims to find the types of effective social interventions applied to adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in several articles selected through the screening process in 2010-2018. The review was conducted with search keywords "social intervention" and "autism spectrum disorder" on 3 online databases, namely ERIC, Springer Link, and ScienceDirect. There were 8 articles reviewed from a total of 420 obtained from screening results according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results showed that the social skills of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be improved and developed through several interventions such as the Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS), Multimodal Anxiety and Social Skills Intervention (MASSI), Peer Network Intervention, and CBT-CSCA. The four interventions were significantly able to increase knowledge and social skills in adolescents who experienced ASD so that it could be a reference in the intervention process in subsequent applications. While measurement with the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS) by Gresham & Elliot is the most comprehensive measurement in improving adolescent social skills. This evidenced by several articles that use this measurement and have a positive impact. The development of interventions on symbolic communication among adolescents with ASD needs to be applied in future research.Keywords: Social intervention, autism, adolescence
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 355-374; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.14189

Abstract:
The aim of the study was to compare associations between three types of female victimization from intimatepartner aggression (IPA) and their mental health concomitants. A questionnaire was completed by 569 relatively well-educated women in Pakistan (97.3% had at least a Bachelor’s degree). The mean age was 31.4 years (SD 9.1), and the age range was between 18 and 70 years. The questionnaire included scales for measuring victimization from physical aggression, verbal aggression, and indirect aggressive social manipulation perpetrated by the husband against the wife, and four subscales from the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI): depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and somatization. Victimization from verbal aggression was the most common type, followed by indirect aggression, while physical aggression was the least common. All three types of IPA were significantly associated with all four BSI subscales and most strongly with indirect aggression, while physical aggression showed the weakest associations. Keywords: Intimate partner aggression, physical, verbal, indirect, mental health, Pakistan
Faqihul Muqoddam
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 259-275; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.12565

Abstract:
Java is one of the region into the purpose of Alor community to stay and settle in, it will show the contact between Alor culture and Java culture. This research aims to describe acculturation strategy of Alor community in Java. The research used qualitative tradition with ethnography approach. Data collection used observation and in-depth interview techniques. Data were analyzed by three stages of Flow Model analyze, that is data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusion. The result showed that (1) Alor organization in Java can help in increasing solidarity and sense of belonging of Alor culture, (2) They have a problem in the language and the emergence of prejudice, (3) Integration is acculturation strategy used by Alor community in Java, but they are only interested to know, not to apply it. The conclusion showed that Alor community uses integration strategy in their acculturation process with Javanese culture.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 310-333; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.11175

Abstract:
Emotional competence is a multi-dimensional construct, consists of the skills to recognize and understand emotions, express emotions appropriately, and regulate emotions. Emotional competence develops very rapidly during preschool age and helps the child's success in fulfilling the developmental task of that age, such as building a positive relationship with the social environment, regulating emotion in social interaction, as well as learning skills such as concentrating and following the teacher's direction. A number of studies also proved emotional competence as the predictor of social competence and academic competence of children. This article aims to discuss the theoretical review and research review on the maternal role in the development of children's emotional competence. It was found that mother has a protective factor through attachment and emotional socialization. Secure attachment helps the child to regulate negative emotions. Conversely, insecure attachment results in inadequate emotional regulation skills. Through the socialization of emotions by the mother, children learn to recognize emotions, express emotions, and regulate emotions. The maternal role is also related with cultural frames. Suggestions are given for further research on conceptual definition, instruments, and interventions to optimize the emotional competence of early childhood.Keywords: attachment, emotional socialization, emotional competence, early childhood
Anggun Resdasari Prasetyo
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 334-354; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.12793

Abstract:
Happiness at work is a central issue that needs to be investigated within the scope of work psychology, especially as a means for building positive characteristics of female correctional officers both individually, family and institutions. the subjects involved were 170 female correctional officers in Cipinang Class I, Narcotics Prison, Pondok Bambu Class IIA, and Salemba Class IIA. The main method to be used in this study was to use a quantitative approach. In this study the researchers conducted several objectives, including: 1.) Testing psychometric properties of work happiness measurement tools on the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire and Work Happiness Scale, 2.) Identifying factors that predict Work Happiness in Women's Correctional Officers, and 3.) Test the differences in work happiness in terms of work units. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis using the stepwise model show that the psychosocial climate safety and work engagement variables contribute 33.7% to work happiness, with a value of R = 0.581, F = 40,445, p <0,001. Furthermore, the model shows that the score of work engagement in predicting work happiness is 0.710 and the score of psychosocial safety climate in predicting work happiness is 0.274. Keywords: Happiness at Work, Correctional Officer, Female
, Suryanto Suryanto,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 276-291; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.11522

Abstract:
Grounded theory has proven to be a very popular methodological choice for researchers in areas such as education, health, and social since 1960. This review aims to identify and describe the use of grounded theory in the field of psychology. The online database was used as a source including psycINFO, ScienceDirect, and Proquest. There are (N = 18) articles resolved through the screening process by setting exclusion or inclusion criteria. The results of the review on the application of grounded theory in psychology research can be grouped in several points including how to write the title of research, research objectives, to step-by-step grounded theory implementation, technically ranging from researcher attitude, role, and treatment to literature, data collection, its findings. Two grounded theory versions are identified (i.e, classic grounded theory and constructivist) and described in detail the technical applications that can be chosen by the researcher by considering the differences (strengths and weaknesses) between the two. Understanding and disciplined and consistent application of grounded theory will help contribute either in the building, developing, or filling the theoretical gaps that exist.Keywords: classic grounded theory, constructivist grounded theory, psychology
Rezki Ashriyana Sulistiobudi,
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 292-309; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.12618

Abstract:
Unemployment rate of vocational high school graduates is a big problem in developing country like Indonesia, so they have to develop their ability to employ earlier. Schools become one of important factors to optimize employability development of the students. The more they are satisfied with the school, the more they have higher needs to grow, develop themselves to achieve their goal of work. This study aims to determine the contribution of school satisfaction and the dimensions to employability development of the students. The study was conducted to 368 vocational high school students in West Java, Indonesia. The result indicates that school satisfaction was positively contribute to employability development. Achievement, school management, teacher-student relationship, and academic learning were play significant role to employability development. Create the school to be more positive environment for student can make them develop optimally. Therefore, they can prepare their readiness better to work after graduate from vocational high school.
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 239-258; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.13353

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to identify factors which support survivors of sex trafficking to be resilient after their experience of trafficking. This is a qualitative study using case study approach. Data was collected through in-depth interviews with female sex trafficking survivors. The data analysis employed thematic analysis developed by Braun and Clark (2006). Result reveals some risk factors which survivors encountered, including personal factor, family poverty, family disintegration and disfunction, negative peer influence and juvenile delinquency, unsupportive community, and public stigma. Resilient survivors could basically overcome those risks and were supported by some personal protective factors, such as belief system, self-efficacy, effective coping skill, and personal motivation. Protective support could also be socially sourced, such as from family, peers, and shelter.Key words: resilience, risk factor, protective factor, social support, survivor, sex trafficking
Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, Volume 8, pp 194-214; doi:10.12928/jehcp.v8i3.13377

Abstract:
Myocardial infarction is one of chronic illnesses that has a major impact to patient’s health related quality of life. This study tested three psychosocial factors (i.e. religious coping behaviour, cardiac anxiety and marital satisfaction) and two disease-related factors (i.e. left ventricular ejection fraction, comorbidity) in predicting health related quality of life in patients with post myocardial infarction in Indonesia. A cross sectional study included 170 patients with myocardial infarction was conducted. The patients completed four questionnaires: MacNew Health Related Quality of Life, Couple Satisfaction Index, Cardiac anxiety Questionnaire, and religious coping behaviour. The theoretical model was tested using structural equation modelling. Results revealed that cardiac anxiety was negatively associated with health-related quality of life. Marital satisfaction was a significant moderator in the relationship between cardiac anxiety and health related quality of life. There were no significant relationships among patient’s comorbidity, left ventricular ejection fraction, religious coping behaviour and health related quality of life. Results of the study shed the light of the importance of protective effects of patient’s immediate environment in shaping patient’s health related quality of life.
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