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Results in Journal Quantitative Economics and Management Studies: 79

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Lamia Jamel
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 122-128; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems301

Abstract:
The nexus among financial development and economic growth has long remained a subject matter of considerable debate in the financial and economic literature. This article examines the relationships between financial development, institutions, and economic growth. This indicates that the marginal effect of financial development on economic growth depends on the quality of institutions. To do so, we employ a panel data of 14 MENA countries during the period of study from 2008 to 2019. For the econometric methodology, we use fixed and random effects models. To choose between fixed effects and random effects, we employ the Hausman test. Based on the empirical findings, we demonstrate that financial development has a positive effect on economic growth. Furthermore, we have observed that institutional quality seems to be a necessary complement to financial development. Consequently, it is important to implement policies leading to the deepening of financial systems, through a including a solid institutional framework. Thus, by promoting such development and better institutional quality, economic growth will thus be accelerated.
Menik Tri Wahyuni
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 140-148; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems316

Abstract:
Working capital is a very important part of the company. Working capital should always be available enough to be able to provide maximum benefits and the company’s operations can continues. Analysis of source and use of working capital is needed for companies to find out the source of funds and how those fund spent.The purpose of this study is to determine the analysis of sources and uses of working capital of PT Sido Muncul,Tbk in Semarang, and to review the policy of uses working capital of PT Sido Muncul, Tbk in Semarang. This study use dercriptive qualitative method. The result of this research indicate that the source of working capital in 2016 to 2018 is quite good. However, in 2017 and 2018 the use of working capital’s company is greater than the source. In 2016 working capital of PT Sido Muncul was increase Rp55.060.000.000. Whereas in 2017 was decrease Rp158.045.000.000 and in 2018 also decreased Rp241.108.000.000. This is due to the high amount of increase in fixed assets by the company. For investment policies, companies tend to use conservative policies, while for working capital expenditure policies companies tend to use aggressive policies.
Pius U. Angioha, Rose U. Agba, Beauty U. Kenneth, Eno U. Ishie
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 158-162; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems275

Abstract:
The study specifically examines the correlation between remuneration and the effectiveness of employees in commercial banks in cross river state, adopting a survey method, data was collected from 232 participants employed by five commercial banks in cross river state. The participants were selected using the proportional stratified and simple random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire was adopted to elicit the required information for the study. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. out of the 232 distributed questionnaires, 213 was returned and used for analysis. Result revealed a correlation between remuneration and the effectiveness of employees in commercial banks in cross river state. From the analysis 21.8 per cent of the variance in the effectiveness of bank's employees is accounted for by remuneration. The study concludes that bank the management of banks need to take into cognizance the economic situation in the country and improve on the take-home package of their employees.
Nur Alifah Istiqomah, Elok Damayanti
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 149-157; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems317

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the influence of incentives and motivation on the performance of employee of PT. Tozy Santosa Surabaya. This research is quantitative research. Population and sample based on questionnaire distribution to the employees of PT. Tozy Sentosa Surabaya was taken 63 respondents. Data collection techniques used interviews, observation and questionnaires. The data analysis used reliability test, validity test, classic assumption test and multiple linear analysis test. The results of the study, incentives and motivations simultaneously and partially significantly influence the employee performance of PT. Tozy Santosa Surabaya with significance value
A. M. Ogaboh Agba, T. A. Omang, C. N. Enukoha, Felix O. Eteng
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 129-139; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems282

Abstract:
The study examined the relationship between performance-based incentives and employees’ productivity in commercial organizations in Cross River State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study investigates the links between performance-based incentives such as promotions, bonus, recognition and employees’ productivity. Expectancy theory was used to situate the study. Descriptive survey design that allows for the use of questionnaire as quantitative tool was adopted as well as in the selection of respondents from commercial organizations. Quantitative data were analyzed using multi-variance analysis. It was revealed that performance-based promotion, performance-based bonus, performance-based recognition significantly influence productivity of employees in commercial organizations. The study further reveals a joint relationship between the predictor variables (performance-based promotion, bonus, recognition) and productivity of employees. It was recommended among others that promotion policies in commercial organizations should be transparent and fair. Management of these entities should make personnel policies that outline key performance indicators and their relationship to internal promotions, bonuses and wages.
Himza Fadhilah Putri Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 85-93; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems315

Abstract:
Every company established has a goal to gain profits and maximize wealth to shareholders. The purpose of this study is to analyze method of Economic Value Added as a measure of financial performance assessment at PT. Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk. Method used in this study a Qualitative Descriptive approach. Data source in this study uses secondary data form of financial statements PT. Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk in 2016-2018. Analysis data technique used is method of Economic Value Added. Economic Value Added shows the measurement of extent to which company has value added to owners of company in a given year or period. The results of this study can be concluded that Economic Value Added (EVA) at PT.Campina Ice Cream Industry Tbk in 2016 worth Rp. (3.656.510.875) and in 2017 valued at Rp. (2.473.733.162) so that it produces a negative Economic Value Added or> 0 which can be said that the company financial performance is not good. However, in 2018 company achieved scores. Economic Value Added
Rahman Olanrewaju Raji
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 72-84; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems269

Abstract:
This paper explores the asymmetric nexus between financial inclusion, financial efficiency and financial stability, within asymmetric and symmetric Autoregressive Distributed Lag (NARDL) framework, covering the period from 2003 to 2018, using quarterly data in Nigeria. The findings showed that symmetric technique of econometric test detects, that financial stability is augmented by better improvement in financial inclusion in short-run, while asymmetric technique observed that short-run positive effect, and negative effect likewise long-run decrease in this index heightened the level of financial stability in this economy. This study further found trade-off existence, between financial efficiency and financial stability in both symmetric and asymmetric techniques of econometric tests, which is consistent with some empirical findings. The results based on the model and empirical data indicate that, the monetary authority needs to follow prudent and adequate supervisory standard in pursuing financial inclusion, financial intermediaries should be accompanied with good institutional quality, including financial awareness that should be enhanced through financial teachings in all sectors both in the urban and rural areas of the economy.
Neema Gasper Mariwa, Garba Betchem, Isaac Amankwaa Adu, Minkah Yaw Andrews
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 27-35; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems247

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of spiritual leadership on employees’ turnover intention by assessing the role of quality of work life as a mediating role and organizational climate as a moderator. This study identifies and examines, using a cross-sectional survey research design, the empirical support for two alternative model – a direct effect model and an indirect effect model of the likely effect of spiritual leadership on employee turnover intention, mediated by quality of work life and organizational climate as moderator on hotel employees of Tanzania. The results of this study showed the inverse relationship of spiritual leadership and turnover intention mediated by quality of work life. In addition organizational climate moderated the effect of quality of work life on turnover intention such that the relationship was stronger when organizational climate was high. The findings from this work adds to the existing literature and provide hotel managers with knowledge on the effects of spiritual leadership on turnover intention of employees. This is an original practical examination and its significance partly comes from its research implications and practice implications.
Louis Sevitenyi Nkwatoh, Kekere Sule Ibrahim
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 36-46; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems251

Abstract:
This study investigated the macroeconomic effect of refugee inflow on West African Countries using a panel vector autoregressive approach over the period 1992 to 2018. Our results provide evidence that a positive refugee shock induces a positive effect on GDP per capita, government consumption and labour force. On the other hand, the effect of a shock to refugee exerts a negative effect on the fiscal balance of host Countries. The overall result from the variance decomposition indicates that refugees prefer to migrate to Countries with better economic activities as reflected by the GDP per capita and labour supply, even though the magnitude of contribution of refugees to economic activities is small and significant only in the short run. Hence, refugees do not constitute an economic burden to West African States, but however induce a negative effect on their fiscal balance via extra budgetary expenditure. This calls for a global response to refugee crisis with respect to its fiscal implication on host Countries. This may go a long way in averting another circle of crisis because refugees often exacerbate the worsening economic and social problems of host Countries, leading to increase in government consumption.
Pooja Dangol
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 13-26; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems119

Abstract:
The general objective of the study is to determine the role of performance appraisal and its impact on employee. The study is guided by the following specific objectives: to establish the extent to which performance appraisal process affects employee motivation, to determine the extent to which appraisers affect staff motivation and to determine the challenges in appraising employee performance. The study adopted descriptive research design. The population of interest consists of 120 employees of Service Industry in Nepal. Data is collected using structured questionnaires and additional qualitative data is collected using the reference from the questionnaire and the objectives of the study. The data is analysed using statistical tools such as frequency distribution, percentages and Pearson correlations. Data is presented using tables and charts. The research findings suggest that regular assessment of performance leads to employee motivation. Performance appraisal rating can be considered as a technique that has a positive effect on work performance and employee motivation. Employees may be motivated if the appraisal process is based on accurate and current job descriptions. On the challenges of performance appraisal on employee motivation established that some managers tend to be liberal or strict in their rating of staff which may affect the employees’ motivation. The manager’s ability to address the skills gaps can have a significant impact on the employee’s motivation. Regular ratings may affect the performance and motivation of the employees. Fair assessment of the employee’s performance may enhance their motivation.
Samuel Wesiah, Sixtus Cyprian Onyekwere
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 47-71; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems258

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth in the UK using quarterly data from 1963q1 to 2015q1. Three variables were used as proxies for financial sector development, namely, ratios of broad money supply to GDP, ratios of private sector credit to GDP and the ratios of stock market capitalization to GDP. Economic growth was measured using real GDP per capita. In order to achieve stated aim, the study employed the Johansen Cointegration test and the Granger causality test within a vector error correction framework (VEC) to test for the existence (or not) of a long run relationship as well as the direction of causality between financial development and economic growth. The result from the Cointegration test indicates that there is a stable long run equilibrium relationship between financial development and economic growth in the UK. The Granger causality test presents evidence of a bidirectional causality. This suggests that financial development and economic growth are mutually causal, that is, causality runs from both side which is in line with the feedback hypothesis in the literature which argue that financial development and economic growth exhibits a two-way causal relationship. In terms of each individual variable, the study finds that while bank credit to the private sector and stock market capitalisation Granger cause GDP per capita, GDP per capita on the other hand, Granger causes broad money supply.
Madumere Humphrey Ikenna, Dickson Ben Uche, Agu Godswill Agu
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 105-121; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems252

Abstract:
The purpose of this was to investigate the relationship between perceived service quality and customer loyalty in the road transport industry in Nigeria. Leveraging the RATER service quality model, only reliability, tangibles and responsiveness were explored. Participants were drawn from the customer base of organized road transport firms operating in the South East of Nigeria. Being a quantitative survey, results from 318 valid responses were analyzed with SPSS version 21. Findings indicate that the three constructs (reliability, tangibles, and responsiveness) are significant predictors of customer loyalty, with reliability having the greatest influence, followed by responsiveness and tangibles. The study recommends steady monitoring of service quality as a step towards customer loyalty in the highly competitive road transport industry in Nigeria.
Madumere Humphrey Ikenna, Cletus I. Emeti, Agu Godswill Agu, Nwaizugbo Ireneus Chukwud
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 2, pp 1-12; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems248

Abstract:
Basing on the RATER model of service quality, we explored the role service empathy and assurance in building road transport customers’ loyalty intention. Being a quantitative study, data from 318 valid responses, analyzed with simple regression analysis in SPSS 21.0, indicate that the two constructs – service empathy and service assurance are positive and significant predictors of customer loyalty. Further, with 82% and 78.8% variance explained for assurance and empathy respectively, results indicate that service assurance drives more customer loyalty than service empathy in the organized road transport industry in Nigeria. To attract and retain customers, operators in the industry must be service quality conscious.
Mamay Komarudin, Naufal Affandi
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 411-425; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems201

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the influences of technical variables, which consist of the stock price and the Total Volume Activity (TVA), as well as fundamental variables, which consist of the Price Book Value (PBV) and the Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) on the investment decisions and the company value measured by using the PER of some companies of agricultural sector listed in the Indonesian Stock Exchange. Path analysis is used as the data analysis method. The research results show that one of the technical factors that significantly influences the investment decision and the company value is the stock price. Meanwhile, one of the fundamental factors that influences the investment decision and the company value is the PBV. The hypothesis testing showing that the stock price factor and the PBV factor have positive effects on the value of agricultural sector company is proven or accepted. On the other hand, the other variables, according to theorema trimming, are proved to be not includable in the path calculation if the path is proved to be insignificant, in this case the DER and the trading volume variable
Raghu Bir Bista, Priyanka Basnet
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems223

Abstract:
This paper examines determinants of bank liquidity of the commercial bank in Nepal based on 12 years long time series data base from 2004 to 2015, employing the econometric model. As a result, the bank liquidity of the commercial bank has fluctuation and instable trend line indicating the risk of liquidity crunch. Similarly, deposit, capital adequacy, remittance and bank size are determinants of bank liquidity of the commercial bank out of which deposit is prevalent to increase bank liquidity and capital adequacy is key to decrease it. In long term, capital adequacy, bank size and government expenditure increase bank liquidity of the commercial bank but deposit decreases it. Thus, internal variables influence bank liquidity more than macroeconomic variables. Therefore, the commercial banks should maintain bank liquidity in short period and in long period for achievement of financial health, stability and growth as per mention regulatory provisions and criteria of the monetary policy and the monetary policy should be formulated to maintain short and long term bank liquidity in accordance with IMF standards and guidelines for reducing the potential risk of liquidity crunch as result of the variation of macro-economic variables and of international global trade and oil price and production.
Yu Hsing, Yun-Chen Morgan, Antoinette S. Phillips, Carl Phillips
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems224

Abstract:
This paper finds that more internet users as a percentage of total population promote economic growth in Mexico and that the impact exhibited a nonlinear relation and was greater in the initial stage of Internet adoption. In addition, less government budget deficit as a percent of GDP, a higher real stock price, real peso appreciation, a higher real crude oil price or a lower expected inflation rate would enhance economic growth.
Muhammad Afzal, Shoaib Ahmad
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 426-434; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems222

Abstract:
This paper examined the relationship between FDI, imports, exports, terms of trade and investment in Pakistan for the period 1990-2015. Results show that an increase in all these factors will contribute significantly to FDI flows that may help the Pakistan’s economy. FDI has negative and significant impact on GDP. Exports have an insignificant effect that may imply that historically economy had led exports more than the exports led the economy. More important fact is that world economic conditions play a crucial role in the macroeconomic performance. When these conditions are favorable, not only the economy but also the trade grow. Though global financial crisis did not seriously affect Pakistan’s economy, Pakistan faced multifaceted challenges on external and internal fronts notably fight against extremism, energy crisis and uncertain external inflows. There is a need to pay more attention to domestic situation than to look abroad for financial assistance since FDI is not an unmixed blessing.
Abdelkader Derbali, Hany A Saleh
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 399-410; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems220

Abstract:
In recent years, companies' actions towards factors of production have multiplied. The human dimension is increasingly present in decisions and companies feel socially responsible. The sustainability of companies necessarily requires limiting the negative environmental effects because of these production activities. Ethical finance in general, whether Islamic or not, is a growing demand on the part of consumers and states. The aim of this paper is to assess the risk of two ethically responsible indices such as S&P500 Shariah index and S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index. In this paper, we will conduct a comparative study of market risk on two ethically responsible indices: the Islamic Index of the Shariah (S&P500 Shariah index) and the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index during the period from 30/09/2010 to 21/09/2018. The evolution of the market will be represented by the general index of the S&P500. To do this, we use different approaches to value at risk such as VaR parametric approach, VaR non-parametric approach and the Theory of Extreme Values approach. Our results show that, on the one hand, the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index is less risky than the S&P500 Shariah index and the S&P500 index. On the other hand, the S&P500 Shariah index is at low risk when yields are extreme. We conclude that the S&P500 Environment and Socially Responsible index is less risky than the Shariah S&P500 Index when you consider that yields are moving under normal market conditions.
Evans Yeboah, Rose Gyamea Kyeremeh
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems219

Abstract:
Coronavirus outbreak has brought significant negative impacts on developed and developing economies with Ghana, not an exemption. This pandemic has slow down economic activities across the globe through unplanned budget expenditures by various government. There is an increasing pressure on many governments to directed tremendous capital resource to stop the outbreak. The perspective of this paper is to provide, update, and inform concerning Covid-19 situation in Ghana, and also look at government expenditure on this pandemic and economic impact. This study employed the quantitative method which promotes the analysis of secondary sources of data. The study captured some of economic and livelihood programme implemented by the government of Ghana to support the most vulnerable persons. With Ghana currently having low active Covid-19 confirmed cases proves that the government has done well to control the spread of the virus.
Rashesh Vaidya
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems197

Abstract:
There are two types of analysis done for a stock market. One is fundamental analysis, where an investor looks at an intrinsic value of the stock, and another is technical analysis, where investors determine the future trend of the market looking at the current pattern or trend of the market. This paper is focused on one of the technical analysis tools, i.e., Moving Average Convergence-Divergence. It is a tool based on the three exponential moving average (9-12-26 EMA Rule). The MACD analysis, with the help of a single line, was helpful to find out the exact bullish and the bearish trend of the Nepse. A signal line is a benchmark to determine the stock market moving either to a bullish or bearish trend. It can help an investor, where the market is going in a direction. A market convergence, divergence, and crossover were better identified with the help of the MACD histogram. The paper found that the Nepse return was stable for a very minimal period from 1998-99 to 2019-20. The shift from the bullish to bearish or vice-verse were seen easily identified with the help of a MACD histogram. Finally, a better-combined knowledge of moving average and candlestick chart analysis will help an investor, to put a clear picture of a market trend with the help of MACD analysis.
Firman Ardiansyah, Agus Sukoco, Ani Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 326-334; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems211

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of the influence of capital structure, profitability ratio and liquidity ratio on share prices (studies on manufacturing companies in southeast asia) 2017-2019. The sample used was 15 manufacturing companies with purposive sampling method. This research used quantitatif approach. The data collection techniques used are documentation in the form of secondary data and library research. The analysis of this research uses multiple linear regression. The results of this study are the capital structure, liquidity ratio and rentability ratio have a significant positive effect on stock prices simultaneously and partially.
Sigit Prabowo
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 319-325; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems210

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an influence between DPR, NPM, and ROA on company profit growth. The population used is coal mining companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange, consisting of 17 companies with 3 periods, namely 2017-2019. The sampling technique is done by means of saturated samples or census samples, in which the entire population is used as the sample. The data in this study are secondary data. Data analysis used multiple linear regression using SPSS. Tests were carried out using a significance level of 0.05. The results of the partial DPR research show a regression coefficient of 0.073 (positive) with a sig value (0.999), meaning that it has a positive and insignificant effect on profit growth. The results of the research in partial NPM show a regression coefficient of 447.313 (positive) with a sig value (0.000) which means that it has a significant positive effect on profit growth and the results of the research in partially ROA show a regression coefficient of 340.076 (positive) with a sig value (0.007) which means that it has a significant positive effect. on profit growth.
Anarki Bayu Sadewo, R. Agus Baktiono
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 346-355; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems183

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze differences in consumer satisfaction in buying products through the Online Shop between SHOPEE and LAZADA among FEB students of Narotama University Surabaya seen from the perception of how to use applications, promotions, prices, and satisfaction. This type of research is comparative research with a quantitative approach. The population in this study were students of the Faculty of Economics and Business at Narotama University who had used both Lazada and Shoppe online shop applications using purposive sampling in the research sample. The research data was obtained by distributing research questionnaires on How to Use, Promotion, Price, and Customer Satisfaction, to 85 respondents. The results showed that: (1) There are differences in the variable of how to use the application between the Lazada online shop and Shopee, (2) There is no difference in the variable promotional activities carried out between the Lazada online shop and Shopee, (3) There are differences in the product price variables offered between the Lazada online shop and Shopee, (4 There is no difference in the consumer satisfaction variable in shopping through the Lazada online shop with Shopee.
Thanh Nga Pham
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 335-345; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems198

Abstract:
Corruption is always a big problem exist in every country. Today, the corruption is not only in the public sector but also in the private sector. Each State has used many ways to prevent and fight this crime. The 4th Industrial Revolution (4IE) brings many innovative solutions for modern life. Especially, e-Government is a great achievement of the 4IE. Base on the e-Government, the policies and regulations of States are transparent. It plays an important role to prevent and fight corruption more effectively. In this paper, the author will analyze the case study of Vietnam on fighting corruption base on the information technology and the outcome of applying e-Government on preventing and fighting corruption in both public sector and private sector. From this result of research, the author will recommend some solutions to improve the corruption status in Vietnam on the next period.
Shoaib Ali, Hafiz Muhammad Naveed
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 356-365; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems216

Abstract:
This research aims to examine the external governance process boosts the performance of Pakistan's listed commercial banks by estimating the return on equity (ROE) and earnings per share (EPS). The research involved external governance mechanism with the moderating role of government ownership. The study's sample structure consists of Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) listed banks with the existence of government ownership from 2014 to 2018. Data is obtained as well from financial statements, shareholding trends, and the Credit Rating Agency of Pakistan (PACRA). To meet the specific aim of the research and to satisfy the goals of the analysis, the panel data methodology (fixed effect and random effect model) has been applied. The findings have shown that the external governance system plays an important role in the banking sector's accountability and performance. Government ownership may also improve banking institution efficiency by improving external governance mechanisms. This study will allow commercial banks to overcome the challenges and boost efficiency with the external governance mechanism and devise better working strategies. This study makes it easier for the bankers' rulers to run the external governance system to strengthen bank efficiency. This work is unique because no one defined an external governance system with government ownership as a moderating role.
J. Jose Prabhu
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 312-318; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems176

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship refers to establishing of a brand-new business to take advantages from brand-new chances. Entrepreneur is the vital element of entrepreneurship and also now women in Czech Republic are additionally effective in this as they have qualities preferable for entrepreneurship advancement. Entrepreneurship is a much ideal profession for women than regular work. Females are thought about an important human resource of the country and every state need to try to utilize them as arbitrators of economic growth and also advancement. Empowerment of women has actually become a vital concern in current times. This write-up manages empowerment of country females via entrepreneurship as well as the benefits entrepreneurship among the small company. "Economic empowerment of females resulted in development of household as well as Neighborhood". This principle purpose of the research study is to identify the economic empowerment of women business owners. The example size of the study is 100 respondents. The data collected went through online form structured questionnaire as well as the devices utilized for analysis percentage analysis and also ANOVA test. This declaration is confirmed by a cumulative small business entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic.
Dede Aji, Rifki Rosyad
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 249-259; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems188

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of the boarding school leadership in improving the quality of human resources as a whole. The contribution of human resources is very important in the progress of this boarding school. The method used is through a phenomenological approach, in which the researcher is directly involved in the struggle of society and the students directly. Researchers observe and analyze and interview the parties who are directly related. The success of building a nation, starting from the development of human resources, HCL (Human Capital Index) plays a very important role in the development of civilization towards SGDs. The HCL component, which includes education, health and social security, has been implemented in the Idrisyah Islamic boarding school, as a Tarekat. The application of the HCL principles greatly impacts on sustainable human development. Tarekat in Indonesia that apply it because they still apply spirituality of worship vertically, the majority do not have an impact on socio-culture, economy, development and others and as a result unemployment, poverty is not significantly reduced. This tarekat is a new trend in socio-societal change and as a Sufistic movement in Indonesia.
Pooja Dangol
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 268-274; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems200

Abstract:
This study explored the effect of work engagement, working environment and learning and skill development on employee productivity. The sample included 132 employees of Nepal of various industries. Data was collected using structured questionnaires. Statistical tools such as frequency distribution, mean score, correlation analysis and regression analysis were used to analyse data and was presented using tables. The findings of this research study will help in implementing strategies to improve organisational effectiveness. This research gives significant contribution to organisations by providing a detailed status of factors that enhance the productivity of the business and in what areas does improvement is needed.
Zhammuel Nobel Harjuna
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 275-290; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems212

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to find out if the return of assets, current ratio, and dividends per share affects the Share Price. This research uses a quantitative approach. Sampling is done with purposive sampling techniques and selected as many as 9 companies that can be researched. The data in this study comes from secondary data obtained through IDX. The results of this study can be concluded that there is a significant influence between Return Of Assets, Current Ratio, and Dividends Per Share on the Share Price. In addition, hypothesis testing in this study used Multiple Linear Regression. The result of this study: the partial results show that Return On Assets (X1), Current Ratio (X2), Dividends Per Share (X3) have significant positive effect on the Share Price (Y).
Euodia Stefani Handiyanti
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 291-299; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems209

Abstract:
This study aims to examine and prove the effect of return on assets, current ratio, debt to equity ratio partially or simultaneously on profit growth in automotive companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The data source used in this study is secondary data, which takes and quotes from financial reports obtained on the official website of the Indonesia Stock Exchange and financial reports on the official websites of each company. The sample selection used purposive sampling methodand obtained a number of 45 automotive companies. The analysis technique used in this research is the classical assumption test and multiple regression analysis. The data in this study were processed using the SPSS version 25 program. The partial test results (t test) show that the Return on Assets and Debt to Equity Ratio have a significant effect on profit growth in automotive companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2018. Meanwhile, the Current Ratio has no significant effect on profit growth in automotive companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2014-2018 period. Simultaneous test results (Test F) show that the variables return on assets, current ratio, debt to equity ratio together have a significant effect on profit growth in automotive companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2018.
Hafiz Muhammad Naveed, Shoaib Ali, Yao Hongxing, Saqib Altaf, Jan Muhammad Sohu
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 260-267; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems194

Abstract:
The key purpose of present research study to examine the association among corporate governance and profitability banks in developing counties. For such primary objective, annually based data collected from 2004 to 2016. The data taken from annual financial reports which issued by conventional banks. We have used ADF (Augmented Dickey Fuller) test to examine the unit-root of variables. Moreover, the multiple linear regression utilized for hypothetical estimation. The results indicates that corporate governance and conventional banks profitability of Pakistan are bidirectional (positive-negative) associated to each other. In addition, the board size (Board Directors) is negatively associated with Return on assets and return on equity of banks. Similarly, the board independence (Insider-Outsider Board Directors) is positively influenced to return on assets and return on equity of conventional banks of Pakistan. The overall findings shows that board size and board independence are highly associated with return on equity than return on assets. Moreover, banking sector in developing countries the board size should contain on appropriate strength and acquire more professional and qualified staff. An optimal number of directors in a board size there is a need of commercial banks as to increase the profitability. To enhance the investors’ confidence with the bank there is also a need of the commercial banks to increases the board independency.
Yu Hsing
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 181-186; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems193

Abstract:
Based on an extended IS-LM-AS model, this study finds that a 1% depreciation of the Malaysian ringgit tends to cause the CPI to rise by 0.1194%. Moreover, more M2 money supply, a lower government borrowing as a percent of GDP, a higher crude oil price, a higher U.S. CPI, and a higher expected consumer price index tend to raise Malaysia’s CPI. Therefore, exchange rate pass-through (ERPT) to the consumer price in Malaysia is partial and incomplete.
Arnold Adimabua Ojugo, Rume Elizabeth Yoro
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 237-248; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems139

Abstract:
Market prediction has been the goal of many study as investors sought traded assets since the inception of the capital market. With each asset exchanged for money, investors seek to stay ahead the market trend in the hope of amassing profits. Businesses’ growth (rise/fall) is evident upon their response to market behaviour. Thus, accurate prediction of the market often offers as its reward, enlarged financial portfolio. Market participants thus, seek to manage the risks associated with asset prices and its volatility, which can be rippled with chaos and complex tasks arising from a demand-supply curve. We seek to model the Oil market and forecast its price direction supported with empirical evidence using ARIMA model to analyze inputs in search of an optimal solution. We adopt the OPEC model to: (a) predict spot/futures-prices, (b) investigate why previous prediction was poor and price plummeted, and (c) compares value(s) from Ojugo and Yoro (2020) and Ojugo and Allenotor (2017). Results shows demand-supply curve rise (and a price rise) even though the policies and trend in real life scenario is currently experiencing a price plummet.
Arnold Adimabua Ojugo, Oghenevwede Debby Otakore
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 300-311; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems140

Abstract:
The advent of the retail point of sale (POS) system as a critical component of the traditional retail infrastructure seeks to advance client payment-ease for goods and services rendered by vendors as well as the effective collection of funds by the vendor. It also aids the vendor to collect in advance monies that the client may wish to spend later on goods and services. Thus, the POS has since become a necessity in modern retail stores as its increased usage has seen a transformation from a single machine to a cloud and smart platforms. Our study seeks to model a conceptual framework for decentralized POS as adapted to smartphones. This will enhance cashless transaction irrespective of a customer’s location globally and locally. Built around the block-chain technology, it seeks to minimize challenge(s) of time, installation requirements incurred with the adoption of automatic teller machine (ATM), location and citing of agent-banking in a rural area with low tele- and tech-penetration.
Sampson Atuahene, Yusheng Kong, Geoffrey Bentum-Micah
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 103-109; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems162

Abstract:
The outbreak of the new coronavirus (COVID) started in December 2020. By far, the COVID-19 has affected over 26,547,419 individuals worldwide, with 874,424 deaths and 18,732,160 recoveries as of August 2020. The research aims at identifying the effects of COVID-19 on education sector management pointing out success stories of countries that have been able to overcome the hindrances that the pandemics have brought on the management of the various sectors of education, which other countries may adopt. From our analysis, we discovered that combating COVID-19; demands syndrome surveillance, immediate isolation of patients, and strict enforcement of all contact-persons, quarantine, and country lockdown/border closure. We further outlined ways in which COVID-19 (coronavirus) epidemics affect the education of emerging economies. Our article then summarizes the evidence of a negative impact that is likely to disrupt the education system and identifies some policy responses to mitigate the effects. We again realized that what could save education (school system) now and in the future is online learning which authorities should make available, accessible, and affordable especially for developing countries.
Adedigba Praise Abina, Emeka Obi
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 88-102; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems177

Abstract:
This study investigates the nexus between sectorial output growth and commercial bank credit in Nigeria. Sectorial output growth was broken down into three different proxies which include production sector, Commercial sector and Service sector contribution to gross domestic product while bank credit to production sector, general commerce and service sector served as the independent variables which are used to proxy commercial bank credit. The study made use of secondary data obtained from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical bulletin for the period 1981 to 2019. It employed Descriptive Statistics, Phillips-Perron (PP) Unit Root Test, Simple Regression Analysis and Granger Causality Test. The Granger Causality result showed that bi-directional causality is identified in the three models while there were positive and significant relationship between bank credit to production sector, general commerce, service sector and production sector contribution to gross domestic product, general commerce sector contribution to gross domestic product and service sector contribution to gross domestic product respectively. The paper therefore recommends that the regulatory authorities should prioritize more on increasing and easing the requirements needed from deficit spenders to secure credit from commercial banks in Nigeria.
Arnold Adimabua Ojugo, Oghenevwede Debby Otakore
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 219-229; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems12119

Abstract:
The energy market aims to manage risks associated with prices and volatility of oil asset. It is a capital-intensive market that is rippled with chaos and complex interactions among its demand-supply derivatives. Models help users forecast such interactions, to provide investors with empirical evidence of price direction. Our study sought to investigate the reasons for the unexpected plummet in price of the energy market using evolutionary modeling – which seeks to analyze input data and yield an optimal, complete solution that are tractable, robust and low-cost with tolerance of ambiguity, uncertainty and noise. We adopt the Gabillon’s model to: (a) predict spots/futures prices, (b) investigate why previous predictions failed as to why price plummet, and (c) seek to critically evaluate values reached by both proposed deep learning model and the memetic algorithm by Ojugo and Allenotor (2017).
Sorush Niknamian
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 130-138; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems99

Abstract:
With the development of competition in business and also today’s rapid changes in competitive market, understanding these changes are the key factor of being more efficient in markets. CRM which is known as basic structure for describing customer’s needs for efficiently understand customer’s behavior and finely get the maximum of market share and profit. There are major differences between B2B and B2C businesses such as long term purchase cycle, purchase interests and the amount of the transactions. These differences needs more interactive strategies. The knowledge that gets from CRM is extremely related to market changes. In recent years data mining increasingly help organizations to get and understand customer’s behavior. But with the rapid changes in market these procedures must be change too. Change mining as the higher order of data mining tries to get knowledge by analysis patterns instead of data. In this paper we attempt to calculate customer’s value by using RFM model and K-MEANS clustering method and then analysis changes in deferent time periods. We tries to find out cluster transitions and most frequent customer value changing trend for proactive decision making. For this purpose we use customer purchase transactions in insurance industry which are gathered in 3 years.
Sorush Niknamian
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 130-138; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1299

Abstract:
With the development of competition in business and also today’s rapid changes in competitive market, understanding these changes are the key factor of being more efficient in markets. CRM which is known as basic structure for describing customer’s needs for efficiently understand customer’s behavior and finely get the maximum of market share and profit. There are major differences between B2B and B2C businesses such as long term purchase cycle, purchase interests and the amount of the transactions. These differences needs more interactive strategies. The knowledge that gets from CRM is extremely related to market changes. In recent years data mining increasingly help organizations to get and understand customer’s behavior. But with the rapid changes in market these procedures must be change too. Change mining as the higher order of data mining tries to get knowledge by analysis patterns instead of data. In this paper we attempt to calculate customer’s value by using RFM model and K-MEANS clustering method and then analysis changes in deferent time periods. We tries to find out cluster transitions and most frequent customer value changing trend for proactive decision making. For this purpose we use customer purchase transactions in insurance industry which are gathered in 3 years.
Sorush Niknamian
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 76-87; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1198

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to design a model to investigate the role of the Individuals making public policies in the implementation of the administrative system health policy. Two questionnaire has been used in the current study: One whose main aim was to investigate the actors making public policy with 51 questions and Cronbach Alpha 0.93, and the other one in the administrative system health policy with 74 questions and Cronbach Alpha 0.95. To be assured with regard to the validity of the questionnaires content and construct validities were estimated. The statistical population of the current study were 86643 employers of the executive organizations of the Khuzestan province, Iran. The final sample of the study was 382 individuals based on Cochran. Data analysis was done by using SPSS 22 and Amos 22. The results of the current study revealed that the factors making the public policy included 13 factors in which the most average was for mass media (7.64) and the least was the powerful elites with the mean of (5.64). The health administrative policies included 14 policies, all of them were at significant point except the policies of eleventh to thirteenth of the fifth book “Islamic Panel Code”, the law of banning more than on job, and the principles of prevention and fighting against bribe. The results also showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between the factors making public policy and those of administrative health policy.
Sorush Niknamian
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 76-87; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems98

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to design a model to investigate the role of the Individuals making public policies in the implementation of the administrative system health policy. Two questionnaire has been used in the current study: One whose main aim was to investigate the actors making public policy with 51 questions and Cronbach Alpha 0.93, and the other one in the administrative system health policy with 74 questions and Cronbach Alpha 0.95. To be assured with regard to the validity of the questionnaires content and construct validities were estimated. The statistical population of the current study were 86643 employers of the executive organizations of the Khuzestan province, Iran. The final sample of the study was 382 individuals based on Cochran. Data analysis was done by using SPSS 22 and Amos 22. The results of the current study revealed that the factors making the public policy included 13 factors in which the most average was for mass media (7.64) and the least was the powerful elites with the mean of (5.64). The health administrative policies included 14 policies, all of them were at significant point except the policies of eleventh to thirteenth of the fifth book “Islamic Panel Code”, the law of banning more than on job, and the principles of prevention and fighting against bribe. The results also showed that there was a statistically significant relationship between the factors making public policy and those of administrative health policy.
Tommy Minggus, Mohammad Wasil, I. G. A. Aju Nitya Dharmani
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 171-180; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems89

Abstract:
This study aims to determine whether CR, DER, NPM, and TATO effect profit changes. The population in this research are mining companies listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2016-2018 consisting of 48 companies. Sampling was done by purposive sampling and 15 companies were selected. The data in the study comes from the secondary data obtained through the documentation technique. Data analysis with multiple regression analysis using SPSS for Windows version 18. The results showed that there was significant influence simultaneously between CR, DER, NPM, and TATO to Profit Changes. Based on the partial test, the conclusion CR and TATO has positive and not significant effect on profit changes. DER has negative and not significant effect in profit changes. NPM has positive and significant effect on profit changes.
Safitri Nur Diana, Bayu Airlangga Putra, Mochammad Arif
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 157-165; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems85

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of work stress, job satisfaction and work environment on keluarga sehat clinic wedoro sidoarjo. This type of research is quantitative, where researchers distribute questionnaires as a medium for data collection and then processed into interval data which is then processed using SPSS18. The population and sample of this study are 36 employees of keluarga sehat clinic wedoro sidoarjo. Hypothesis test results partially work stress partially negative and significant effect on organizational commitment, job satisfaction partially has a positive and significant effect on organizational commitment, and work environment partially does not significantly influence organizational commitment. And the results of the simultaneous hypothesis test was calculated to be 11.570 and included to be greater than Ftable = 2.92. This means that H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted and the significant value is 0,000 less than 0.05. So job stress, job satisfaction and work environment simultaneously have a significant effect on organizational commitment. While the determination test obtained by the coefficient R Square 0.5202 means that the relationship between job stress, job satisfaction and work environment on organizational commitment has an effect of 52.0%, while the remaining 48.0% is explained by other variables not included in the modeling.
Ucik Arfianti, Reswanda Reswanda
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 187-193; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1390

Abstract:
Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has been a part of Indonesian culture for a long time. One of the centers of written batik in Sidoarjo is Reliable Insan Sentosa written batik which is a container in the effort to preserve batik itself. This study aims to analyze the amount of company revenue and production in the state of reaching Break Even Point. The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method, to get a clearer and more detailed picture based on the data and information that has been obtained. The results showed that the business of reliable handmade batik sentosa level of profit earned Rp. 12,182,325, where the break even point of sales achieved was Rp.199,000,000 with a total of 199 units. The achieved margin of safety is 10% or Rp.22,200,000 from sales. So that the margin of safety obtained is Rp.199,800,000. In this case the greater the margin of safety the better for the company because the company can experience a significant decline. MSMEs are advised to classify costs to prepare financial reports and apply a BEP analysis to determine financial condition.
Tommy Minggus, Mohammad Wasil, I. G. A. Aju Nitya Dharmani
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 171-180; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1289

Abstract:
This study aims to determine whether CR, DER, NPM, and TATO effect profit changes. The population in this research are mining companies listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2016-2018 consisting of 48 companies. Sampling was done by purposive sampling and 15 companies were selected. The data in the study comes from the secondary data obtained through the documentation technique. Data analysis with multiple regression analysis using SPSS for Windows version 18. The results showed that there was significant influence simultaneously between CR, DER, NPM, and TATO to Profit Changes. Based on the partial test, the conclusion CR and TATO has positive and not significant effect on profit changes. DER has negative and not significant effect in profit changes. NPM has positive and significant effect on profit changes.
Septia Wahyu Monica, Santirianingrum Soebandhi, Ani Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1386

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the influence of Brand Image, Social Media Marketing, Price And Reference Groups towards Purchasing Decision in Swiwings Narotama Outlet. Data collection techniques used was questionnaire with the analysis technique of multiple linear regression. The study found that Brand Image, Price have no significant effect towards Purchasing Decision, meanwhile Social Media and Reference Group have a significant effect towards buying decisions at Swiwings Narotama Outlet in Surabaya. Simultaneously, Brand Image, Social Media Marketing, Price and Group References have a significant effect towards Buying Decisions in Swiwings Narotama Outlet.
Shofi Malina, I Gede Arimbawa, Ani Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1387

Abstract:
The purpose of the research is to analyze the effect of return on assets and return on equity on earnings per share and price book value in building construction sub sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015-2018. The population of this research was the building construction companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during 2015-2018. The sample used was 10 construction companies with a purposive sampling method. Data collection techniques used in the documentation were in the form of secondary data and library research. The analysis was using path analysis. It was revealed that the return on assets has a significant negative effect and return on equity have a significant positive effect on earnings per share. While return on equity has a significant positive effect and earnings per share has a significant negative impact on price book value. However, return on assets does not have a significant effect on price book value.
Yanuar Bachrul Aqsony, Santirianingrum Soebandhi, Ani Wulandari
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 194-203; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1391

Abstract:
Purchasing decisions are one thing that is very influential in a product. Many factors influence purchasing decisions, including green marketing activities, brand image, and store atmosphere. The purpose of this study was to determine how the influence of green marketing, brand image, and store atmosphere both simultaneously and partially on purchasing decisions at Arei Adventure Store Surabaya 3. Data collection used was a questionnaire. The research method employed a random sample of 101 people. The analytical method mobilized was SPSS 24. The results of this study indicated that the independent variables simultaneously influence the dependent variable. This was evidenced from the significance value of 0,000 or less than 0.05 and F count = 27.791 while the F value was obtained at 2.70. Thus F count 27.791> F table 2.70. However, partially the green marketing variable was not significant to the purchase decision because the test results showed the value of t count = 1.425 0.05.
Safitri Nur Diana, Bayu Airlangga Putra, Mochammad Arif
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 157-165; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1285

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of work stress, job satisfaction and work environment on keluarga sehat clinic wedoro sidoarjo. This type of research is quantitative, where researchers distribute questionnaires as a medium for data collection and then processed into interval data which is then processed using SPSS18. The population and sample of this study are 36 employees of keluarga sehat clinic wedoro sidoarjo. Hypothesis test results partially work stress partially negative and significant effect on organizational commitment, job satisfaction partially has a positive and significant effect on organizational commitment, and work environment partially does not significantly influence organizational commitment. And the results of the simultaneous hypothesis test was calculated to be 11.570 and included to be greater than Ftable = 2.92. This means that H0 is rejected and H1 is accepted and the significant value is 0,000 less than 0.05. So job stress, job satisfaction and work environment simultaneously have a significant effect on organizational commitment. While the determination test obtained by the coefficient R Square 0.5202 means that the relationship between job stress, job satisfaction and work environment on organizational commitment has an effect of 52.0%, while the remaining 48.0% is explained by other variables not included in the modeling.
Syamsul Arifin, Nur Aini Anisa, Siswohadi Siswohadi, Aisyah Darti Megasari, Abu Darim
Quantitative Economics and Management Studies, Volume 1, pp 166-170; doi:10.35877/454ri.qems1288

Abstract:
Welfare is one of the most important aspects of maintaining and fostering social and economic stability because it is necessary to minimize social jealousy in society. This study aims to analyze the effect of economic consumption on the welfare of the society in Sampang district. This research uses quantitative approach. This research conducted in Sampang District by using time series data and this research is analyzed by using linear regression technique. According to the result of research indicate that consumption has significant positive effect on the welfare of the society in Sampang district. Based on the results of research that has been conducted, consumption significantly influences the welfare of the society in Sampang district.
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