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Results in Journal Mediterranean Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences: 80

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Giovanni Alcocer
Abstract:
The symmetry occurs in most of the phenomena explained by physics, for example, a particle has positive or negative charges, and the electric dipoles that have the charge (+q) and (-q) which are at a certain distance (d), north or south magnetic poles and for a magnetic bar or magnetic compass with two poles: North (N) and South (S) poles, spins up or down of the electron at the atom and for the nucleons in the nucleus In this form, the particle should also have mass symmetry. For convenience and due to later explanations, I call this mass symmetry or mass duality as follows: mass and mass cloud. The mass cloud is located in the respective orbitals given by the Schrödinger equation. The orbitals represent the possible locations or places of the particle which are determined probabilistically by the respective Schröndiger equation. For example and for the proton, the positive charge is concentrated in its mass nucleus with an uncharged mass cloud around its nucleus distributed in the orbitals or mass clouds. For the electron, the negative charge is concentrated in its mass nucleus with an uncharged mass cloud around its nucleus distributed in the orbitals or mass clouds. Besides, in the formation of the hydrogen atom, a part of the mass cloud of the proton interacts with the mass cloud of the electron, and the total mass-energy lost in this interaction is transformed into electromagnetic energy according to Einstein's equation: E=mc2 and the variant mass formula discovered and developed by myself: Giovanni Alcocer Variant Formulas. Therefore, the electron and proton are bound together in the hydrogen atom due to the electrostatic force between the two particles and the mass cloud of the electron and proton with some mass cloud lost in the interaction and converted to electromagnetic energy or photons. Then, it is right to assume this mass symmetry, since the electron and the proton in the interaction of the mass cloud lose mass but do not lose electric charge. In this form, it is justified the existence of a mass cloud. Therefore, the main function of the mass cloud is the binding energy. The mass cloud interaction generates binding energy between the electrons and the nucleus in the atom through the protons and between the nucleons in the nucleus: protons with protons, neutrons with neutrons, and protons with neutrons. The nuclear force between two nucleons is characterized by being strong and short-range. Also, it can be justified by the existence of the mass cloud: the mass clouds of nucleons within the nucleus interact with each other without any effect on the proton charge. In the same form and due to the quarks having mass and charge (and inclusive colors), the quarks have also the same mass symmetry: mass and mass cloud. Thus, the electrical charge is stored in the mass of the quarks and the mass cloud allows the confinement or the respective binding between quarks. Then, the following questions are explained and answered simply in this research article: why a particle does not exist with only one quark? why the quarks are confined to the nucleus? and which is the origin of the nuclear forces? On other hand, there are particles with two quarks (mesons), particles with three quarks (baryons) and then, it is very probable to find particles with more than three quarks (quaternions). This scientific research presents evidence of the existence of mass symmetry: mass and mass cloud and the interaction between the mass cloud of the particles (The Yin Yang Interaction) based on Einstein's equation and in the Variant Mass formula for the Electron in the atom discovered and demonstrated by myself where experimental results are detailed.
John Spencer D. Paje, Aubrey I. Surita, Renzo Virtudez, Jasmin D. Calib-Og, Junvil A. Insong, Jose F. Cuevas Jr.
Abstract:
Traffic enforcers play a vital role to maintain public order and safety in our roads. The aim of enforcement was to prevent the occurrence of road traffic violations by means of control and punitive sanctions. This study was conducted to know the lived experiences of traffic enforcers in Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental. It is a phenomenological study where the researchers made an interview guide questions to gather data on the traffic enforcers experiences. The study was conducted for the randomly selected traffic enforcers in Ozamiz City. Moreover, there were seven (7) traffic enforcers purposely selected to be part of the respondents of the research study. The respondent was selected with the criteria where he/she is a traffic enforcer and must have an experience at least 2 years. There were five (5) themes identified in the study namely Adversity in the fulfilment of duties, Encountering Harassment, Resistance, and Threats from the Motorists, Seeking Police Assistance in responding Aggressive Motorists, Responding with Calmness, Patience, and Respect to the Motorist, and Obedience to Traffic Rules. Based on the findings of the study, it shows that majority of the traffic enforcer‟s encountered harassment, resistance and threats from the motorists. Some motorists are unapproachable, aggressive and too arrogant violators that still insist that they did not commit any traffic violations. It was recommended that the traffic enforcers of Ozamiz City may continue to show calm, patience and respect towards handling the rude behaviour of a certain motorist who violates the traffic law. Moreover, traffic enforcers encouraged motorists to always follow the traffic laws to avoid and lessen the accidents on the road and have a smooth flow of the traffic because if every motorist is disciplined, it can reduced the workload of the traffic enforcers and everyone can benefit to it.
Brian Chris H. Barte, Joshel L. Catugal, Clifford A. Largo, Le Brixs J. Paglinawan, Teopisto Y. Culanag Jr., Jose F. Cuevas Jr.
Abstract:
School security is one of the prime concerns. It involves students, staff, and every other individual who is present at the premises. Hence, the duty of a school security guard is full of tough challenges. The guard must always stay alert and on his toes. This study determined the level of preparedness of the school security personnel and their qualifications towards institutional security. The respondents of the study include all thirteen (13) security guards in Misamis University Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental, Philippines that serve as the respondents. The respondents are purposively chosen by the researchers because they are fit to answer the questionnaires provided by the researchers in determining the level of preparedness of the school security personnel and their qualifications towards institutional security. The security guard possessed very good qualifications in relation to their skills, knowledge, and work style, which resulted in a relatively high mean value. The security guard's level of preparedness in terms of operating school practices and programs garnered a moderate level of mean value, indicating that it still needs to be improved. It is evident that the relationship between the qualifications of school security personnel and their level of preparedness is statistically significant. Having a good qualification may positively contribute to a high-level preparedness among the school's security personnel. Most security guards were very efficient in fulfilling their duties due largely to their qualifications, which encompassed their skills, knowledge, and work style. They were able to maintain effective control over the conditions and individuals in their immediate vicinity. On the other hand, security guards thrived in the sector of level of preparedness. This is because they were highly prepared to respond with countermeasures and preventative actions in the case of a crime. It is essential that the performance of school security guards be constantly monitored and evaluated to determine the various strengths and weaknesses of everyone for future training and improvement. In dealing with the school's various problems, security guards are encouraged to maintain their high level of preparedness and qualification. It's also crucial to keep students from bringing weapons onto campus that may threaten other students or instructors, and to conduct random sweeps of students to look for contraband like as drugs and firearms.
Love S. Lagata, Cherry J. Andujar, Eric Lloyd S. Lantaco, Kristian Carlo A. Manuales, Elmie A. Allanic, Jose F. Cuevas Jr.
Abstract:
In a fire incident, fire fighters struggle too much for the safety of our communities. This study explored the challenges encountered by the BFP of Ozamiz City in responding fire incidents. It utilized the phenomenological research design. It was participated by the Bureau of Fire Protection in Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental. Interview responses were analyzed using Moussakas' Transcendental phenomenological reduction. This study generated five themes: (1) Scarcity in Responding Fire Incident, (2) An Arduous work that Demands Physical and Psychological Strength, (3) Frustration in the Work, (4) Collaboration and Cooperation in Fire Safety and Prevention, (5) Serving the People. In this study, the researcher analyzed the data using the narrative and phenomenology methods of Moustakas for the gathering of information through open-ended and conversational communication. As a result, most of the participants have different challenges encountered in responding fire incident. These challenges made an impact physically and mentally which is extremely stressful and draining during a fire incident. On the other hand, the participants have learned how to maintain active connection with the public, promote fire safety, and raise the number of force multipliers. Further, the BFP should have the full support of the community when an emergency occurs. Lastly, the participants have sensible of their actions. To mitigate firefighter life-safety concerns and achieve successfully fireground outcomes, it is critically important for firefighters to have the necessary preparedness capabilities to respond. Firefighter preparedness consists of technical and contextual knowledge, specialized training, and firefighting experience.
Fatima Habqa, Khader Soliman, Rabei Mustafa
Abstract:
In this research, we designed and implemented an advanced metal detector based on the Atmega328p microprocessor; it is used in the security field to prevent the entry of dangerous metal tools or explosives to places that require a high degree of safety such as schools, airports, universities and commercial malls. Where the mechanism of the electronic scheme of the detector was understood, including what it contains of active and passive electronic components, the microprocessor used how to program it and its technical specifications were identified. After that, we converted the electronic diagram into a printed circuit board (PCB) via easyada.com, And then print this circuit on special paper so that we can transfer it on the copper board, and a special solution was used to remove the copper residues from the board, after that holes were created and the electronic elements were soldered, Moving on to the software part, the Arduino Uno chip was used to act as an ISP programmer, through which the Atmaga328p controller was programmed using AVRDUDESS software, tested with a small coil with a diameter of 1.5cm. The detector gave excellent performance in detecting metal pieces such as copper, aluminum, iron and silver, as well as electrical wires in the walls, where the device screen shows the signal strength of the captured metal as well as the numerical symbol of the metal. It also discovered the presence of a sharp tool hidden in the mouth, shoes or inside the clothes, and the device achieved high performance In discovering metal parts and determining their properties, with an accuracy of 80%.
Jethro S. Macasocol, Maria Fatima G. Barera, Mark M. Ocaya, Arjay Orog, Jose F. Cuevas Jr, Angelita Alvarico
Abstract:
The study was to determine the difficulties of every inmates spouse suffer a lot due to the imprisonment of their husband and the start of covid19 pandemic. The study focus on the negative outcome and the emotion of every inmates spouses. And It argue that the initial shock of incarceration challenged these spouses‟ assumptive worlds, but they managed to overcome this crisis by finding meaning in the pandemic outbreak experience and using it as an opportunity for personal development. The respondent was having a trouble finding ways to survive in life due to covid19 pandemic and the imprisonment of their husband. It challenge them to be strong to stand in the most difficult time. The study found the following findings there were grouped together through themes such as (1) Family First regardless of everything, (2) Uncertainty of Family's future, (3) Facing Difficulty and Depressed on the situation, (4) Stand alone to face the challenges, (5) Pandemic Exacerbated Burden. generally, most of the participants have endured hardship and trouble finding work as a result of the pandemic. The inmates spouses struggled being a victim of epidemic may have significant connections with emotional behaviors. Based on the findings and conclusions, the researcher would like to recommend that inmate‟s spouses have a positive thinking and to look forward in the life. They should constantly have a strategy in place for how to obtain work while keeping the children's circumstances in mind, so that they may do their jobs without hesitation.
Ms. V.Kaviya, Dr.S.Tephillah Vasantham, Dr.J.Praveen Paul, Mr.N.Senthil Kumaran, Mr.N. Gnanaprakash
Abstract:
This mission targets to discover the elements influencing the acquisition of cake premix in bakeries. This mission is likewise intended to become aware of the thing influencing the acquisition of cake premix merchandise. The records became amassed with inside the Virudhunagar and Madurai district to analyze which cake premix and logo they pick, in addition to the elements influencing their selection to shop for cake premix. A total of 157 bakeries from Madurai and Virudhunagar District were taken for study and the details were collected with the use of a Structured Questionnaire. For the evaluation cause, statistical test like Chi Square , Percentage analysis and Weighted Average have been used. It is determined out from work that the Quality of product is terrific with crust & crumb cake premix and it occupies the primary function while in comparison to different premix brands.
Clark E. Calunsag, Josephine D. Encina, Ralph P. Hortilano, Joshua J.Saya-Ang, Junvil Insong, Jose F. Cuevas Jr
Abstract:
This is beneficial in organizing and ensuring a systematic way of posting information about their travel policies and requirements that can be processed online. The system can also help the Philippine National Police (PNP) guide residents going to other LGUs in applying for travel documents when needed and with the help of the LGUs in monitoring travellers in their territories and verify the authenticity of travel documents presented. Also, Monitoring Agencies can easily monitor the travellers and generate a report at the municipal, provincial, levels for monitoring and planning purposes. The study explored the challenges encountered by Police Officer in the implementing of cross-border requirements. The study used interviewed guide question and interview guide as the main instrument to gather the data needed for the study. Part I. Respondents Profile which are formulated by the researchers that deals with the profile of the respondents such as Age, Civil Status, Gender and Length of Service. Also consisting Part II. Core Questions and Part III. Terminating Questions as an interview guide. The study consists of a total of 10 participants who are PNP personnel in Liloan Border and Ozamis Port. The researchers purposive choose five participants every border at Misamis Occidental. The participants were interviewed under the following criteria: 1) experience with implementing the border entrance requirements, 2) Difficulties encountered in performing the duties, 3) Common excuse upon entering the border. Non-compliance to Border Entry, Encountered travellers bringing forged document requirements, Professionalism in Handling Arrogant travellers, adhering to Border and protocol requirements in travelling. There were several problems or issues encountered by the PNP in the border majority is having no requirements as the same time against by their religion or having a Doctor‟s advices as reasons against vaccination. As the researcher conduct this study they seen the efforts of the PNP in enforcing the law by maintaining their patience towards from the passengers who have arrogant attitude. But in the other hand they already know that every passenger entering the border line they have vaccination cards in order for them to pass through. The IATF is no longer strict about the protocol and they also know lots of the travelers are already vaccinated. The study in the non-compliance in border many have not yet getting vaccinated but the IATF issue in the border to have free vaccination in the area, some of the travellers will not proceed in the province if they have no requirements needed in border.
Le Quang Hieu, Truong Dinh Trang
Abstract:
Hyundai leads the automobile industry and has made very positive contributions to the overall achievements of economic and social values. Kang et al (2014) pointed In constructing global marketing strategy, Hyundai Motor’s vision is "Lifetime partner in mobility and beyond" and its goal is global top 3 brand by year 2015 through modern premium brand image and selling 5 million vehicles. The target brand positioning of Hyundai Motor is the leading position in premium dimension and stylish/modern dimension. The global brand strategy framework is based on the brand direction of "Modern Premium" and is designed to deliver core brand identity (i.e., Simple, Creative, Caring) to customers. Its marketing strategy shows us: - Hyundai's product strategy is to standardize technical standards with the ambition of being a global product, ensuring the best quality, aiming at the recognition of the value of the customer's product, satisfying the customer's needs. On the other hand, Sale activities is placed at showrooms, though sale agents, and sale person team. Beside, according to the results of quantitative research, in a multi-factor model, we would suggest the government, Ministry of Finance and State Bank: control inflation properly, and firm management control cost properly (as reduction in cost and CPI will cause net profit to increase).
Adetoro Adeyemi E., Oladapo Akinkunmi S., Olofintuyi Ilesanmi O.
Abstract:
The need to have in-depth knowledge about the Engineering properties of soil and the sub-soil condition for road construction especially in the southwestern Nigeria brought about this study. Some strength properties (California Bearing Ratio (CBR), Compaction, Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS), and direct Shear tests) of lime stabilized soils modified with Egg Shell Ash (ESA) were assessed. Soil samples were obtained from each state in the study area and transported to the laboratory, where they were stabilized with 6% lime and 0 to 10% ESA before the above-mentioned tests was conducted on them. The local additive was also subjected to a chemical analysis. Results showed that ESA additive has low SiO2 and high CaO compounds. Increase in ESA resulted in increase of all the strength properties (Maximum Dry Density (MDD), CBR, UCS, Cohesion (C), Shear strength (S) and Angle of Internal Friction (ϕ)) and reached peak at 8% ESA, thereafter decrease; albeit, Optimum Moisture Content (OMC) decreases. After the improvement process, almost all the unsuitable soil samples became suitable for use as pavement layer materials. Consequently, a blend of 6% lime and 8% ESA content is recommended for soil improvement, especially for road pavement layers in southwestern Nigeria.
Mehwish Kifayat, M. Hammad Nadeem Tahir, Abu Bakar Siddique, M. Sajid, M. Asif Shehzad
Abstract:
Maize (Zea mays) is cultivated all over the world including Pakistan for fodder and grain. Genetic diversity and environmental effects greatly affect the fodder yield and quality in maize. Therefore, it is imperative to assess the genetic diversity among 31 maize genotypes for fodder and quality related traits. Genotypes were collected from the Australian Grain Gene Bank and grown under field conditions with three replications following randomized complete block design. The morphological traits such as plant height (cm), leaf area (cm2 ), leaf-stem ratio (wt. basis), stem girth (cm), leaves plant-1 , days to 50% silking, days to 50% silking, leaf moisture (%), dry fodder yield plant-1 (g), green fodder yield plant-1 (g) and quality traits such as crude protein (%), ether extract (%), ash content (%), crude fiber (%) and nitrogen-free extract (%) were recorded. Analysis of variance, biplot analysis and genotypic and phenotypic correlation were performed. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences with days to 50% silking, days to 50% tasseling, plant height, stem girth, leaf area, leaves plant-1, moisture percentage, green and dry fodder yield, crude protein, crude fiber, ether extract, ash content and nitrogen free extract and non-significant differences with leaf stem ratio. At phenotypic and genotypic level, dry fodder yield plant-1 , plant height, stem diameter, leaf moisture %, No. of leaves, days to 50% silking, crude fiber and ether extract revealed significant correlation with fodder yield plant-1 . Biplot analysis based on PCA for different quantitative parameters showed that first two principal components i.e F1, F2 are contributing 23.29% and 14.53 % to the total variations respectively. Based on all the results the best genotypes were DTMA-271, DTMA-15, DTMA-281 and DTMA-295 could be used in breeding programs.
Romanus Egwuonwu Njoku
Abstract:
Phase change material (PCM) thermal composites consisting of porous aluminium/stearic acid phase change material have been produced for heat storage applications. Porous aluminium/stearic acid composite structures were produced by infiltrating stearic acid PCM into open- cell porous aluminium materials prepared by using dissolvable spherical salt beads in combination with vacuum casting process. Scanning electron microscopic analysis has been used to characterize the empty porous aluminium materials and the results reveal a cellular structure consisting of spherical pores which are interconnected with smaller windows. The thermal response of empty porous aluminium structures and those infiltrated with stearic acid was measured using an infrared camera. The result showed that the heat transfer performance of the PCM thermal composites was significantly improved and largely dependent on the relative density of the porous structures.
Nguyen Trong Diep, Nguyen Dinh Trung, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy
Abstract:
First we recognize we need to have consistent overall planning of clusters. The planning and development of industrial zones has not been determined on a balanced basis by industry and region. This is the main cause of the weakness in the development of social infrastructure for the development of industrial zones. Second, we need suitable training programs qualified for laborers and select professional advisers for proper projects. Last but not least, we need adding "product" in the concept of "goods and services" (to "products, goods and services” to ensure adequate adjustment of all stages of the business process - consumption as well as not omitted for new objects arising in business processes such as digital services and digital products. Also, Adding new regulations on international cooperation in dispute settlement disputes between consumers and foreign organizations and individuals, in which, principles of cooperation, scope of cooperation between consumer protection agencies used in countries.
Joseph Johnson
Abstract:
Parasitic diseases often represent a major concern in zoo animals for the high environmental contamination due to the maintenance of animals in confined areas. In wild conditions, animals have some natural resistance against parasitic diseases and there is a state of equilibrium between the parasite and the host and it seldom led to harmful infection unless stressed. The aim of the research work is on the conditional state of primates in selected zoological garden primates in selected Zoological Gardens in Nigeria. Survey method was adapted for this research 87 questionnaires was distributed among staff taking care of the zoological gardens. The findings of this work shows, that captive primates are housed according to their species. From the responses, the nutritional status of the captive primates is moderate, based on their physical appearance, and shows 34 respondents, representing (39.1%) Agreed, 29 respondents, representing (33.3%) strongly agreed that the captive primates are constantly dewormed against parasitic infections, while 20 respondents, representing (4.6%) strongly disagreed. On the accountability of the funds, 36 respondents, representing (41.4%) Agreed, 18 respondents, representing (20.7%) strongly agreed, while 24 respondents, which represents (27.6%) disagreed and 9 representing (10.3%) strongly disagreed based on the data, there is adequate accountability of the funds allocated to zoos.
Bui Xuan Vuong
Abstract:
This work presents the synthesis of composite HA in chitosan polymer. The synthetic composite was investigated by using XRD, FTIR, SEM methods. The experiment for bio-compatibility was effectuated by the contacting of the extract solutions from synthetic composite and the cellular culture media. The obtained results confirmed the introduction of both HA and Chitosan in the structure of synthetic composite. The high values of cellular viability confirmed the good bio-compatibility of synthetic composite.
Eddons Munthali, Kondwani Munthali, Chomora Mikeka, Gregory Kunyenje
Abstract:
The use of Information and Communication Technology and digital technologies in farm management plays a vital role in achieving strategic development goals of countries. Digital labour has helped enormously to boost access to large amounts of information, connecting people from remote communities, particularly young people whose innovative potential combined with the power of technology proves to be a force to achieve sustainable development goals. This research aims at determining the effectiveness of digital technology in agriculture through providing site-specific information and employing digital labour to implement precision farming in Malawi. The research objective focused on using rapid 4-in-1 soil tester, testing moisture, acidity, or alkalinity through power of Hydrogen (pH) measure, temperature, and fertility as well as Extension Helper Application, a portal used by extension coordinators to share farm information. The is desk research with qualitative study and slight quantitative figures from digital 4-in-1 rapid soil tester with students utilising study farm plots at Natural Resources College. Analysis derived valuable capabilities such as quick determination of farm specific information. Research found that with digital tools and digital labour, it was easy to see and manage field data, oversee worker productivity, manage resources, view farmer data trends and support decision making. Further, mobile digital tools were found to amplify extension massaging to reach more farmers and enable management to improve coordination of diverse service providers with the right type of data aggregation. Digital tools reduced the use of had written reports during field visits. Quality of collected data improved and frequency of field visits for the extension coordinator as well increased. This research was mainly drawn from action research as well as systematic review of both internal and external desk research. Action research and internal review was based on student plots at Malawi’s Natural Resources college and external desk review was based on SANE project with Extension Helper Application. Generally, the findings showed that the use of information and communication technology and digital technology with digital labour support decision making to form policies towards realising Malawi vision 2063.
Nguyen Dinh Trung, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy
Abstract:
One purpose of this study is to present lessons and experiences from other countries in developing clusters and industrial zones (IZ). According to OECD, they stresses that “cluster polices exist at the border of industrial policies, regional development policies and science & technology policies, and their ultimate goal is to strengthen industrial competitiveness through enhanced interconnection between the industry and the research sector.” By using qualitative analysis, our study findings show that for example, in case of Thailand, they have many industrial clusters in which they can transfer technology and training programs enhanced from workers across industrial parks. They also focus on sustainable development of industrial clusters. Different from traditional concept of industrial park, Thailand industrial clusters have areas for manufacturing, services, industries, resident, etc.
Giovanni Alcocer
Abstract:
There is symmetry in the nature. Then, there should also be symmetry in physics since physics describes the phenomena of nature. In fact, it occurs in most of the phenomena explained by physics as for example: a particle has positive or negative charges, spins up or down, north or south magnetic poles. In this form, the particle should also have mass symmetry. For convenience and due to later explanations, I call this mass symmetry or mass duality as follows: mass and mass cloud. The mass symmetry can be corroborated in the experiments of the hydrogen spectrum, the Bohr model and the solution of the Schrödinger equation. The mass cloud is located in the respective orbitals given by the Schrödinger equation. The orbitals represent the possible locations or places of the particle which is determined probabilistically by the respective Schröndiger equation. For the proton, part of the mass of the uncharged proton is distributed in the orbital or mass cloud around the mass that contains the positive charge. Thus, the positive charge in the proton is concentrated in its mass nucleus with an uncharged mass cloud around its nucleus distributed in the orbitals. For the electron, part of the mass of the uncharged electron is distributed in the orbital or mass cloud around the mass that contains the negative charge. Thus, the negative charge in the electron is concentrated in its mass nucleus with an uncharged mass cloud around its nucleus distributed in the orbitals. For example, in the formation of the hydrogen atom, a part of the mass cloud of the proton interacts with the mass cloud of the electron, and the total mass energy lost in this interaction is transformed into electromagnetic energy according to Einstein's equation: E=mc2 and the variant mass formula discovered and developed by myself. Then, the two particles join together due to this interaction and the electrostatic force between the two particles. Therefore, the electron and proton are bound together in the hydrogen atom by the mass cloud of the electron and proton with some mass cloud lost in the interaction and converted to electromagnetic energy or photons. Then, it is right this mass symmetry, since the electron and the proton in the interaction of the mass cloud lose mass but do not lose electric charge. In this form, it is justified the existence of a mass cloud. In the formation of the Hydrogen atom, the electron-proton system when approaching gains a potential energy of 27.2 eV (13.6 eV*2) but then when the electron bond occurs in the shell with quantum state n =1, energy of 13.6 eV is emitted as electromagnetic energy or photons and the remaining 13.6 eV remains as kinetic energy of the electron. Then, the Hydrogen atom has 13.6 eV of additional energy/mass than the sum of the energy/mass of the proton plus the electron. Therefore, 13.6 eV is needed to ionize the Hydrogen atom and expel the electron from the atom. The mass/energy reduction of the proton and electron is 13.6/2 eV for each particle due the emission of 13.6 eV as electromagnetic energy. Therefore, the main function of the mass cloud is the binding energy. The mass cloud interaction generates binding energy between the electrons and the nucleus in the atom through the protons and between the nucleons in the nucleus: protons with protons, neutrons with neutrons, and protons with neutrons. The nuclear force between two nucleons is characterized by being strong and short-range. Also, it can be justified by the existence of the mass cloud: the mass clouds of nucleons within the nucleus interact with each other without any effect on the proton charge. This scientific research presents evidence of the existence of the mass symmetry based in the Einstein's equation and in the Variant Mass formula for the Electron in the atom discovered and demonstrated by myself where experimental results are detailed.
Kabir A. Ajala
Abstract:
Melon husks obtained from a local market were washed with distilled water to remove impurities, oven-dried at 1050C, and carbonized in a furnace at 5500C. H2SO4 and NaOH were used to modify the carbonized melon husk to catalyze the adsorption rate. The initial and final concentrations of Fe2+ and Pb2+ in the wastewater were determined with the Flame atomic adsorption spectrometry technique. The industrial wastewater was treated with the adsorbent at various grams, reaction time, and a constant speed of 0.2-1.0 g, 10-100 min, and 150 rpm, respectively. The obtained data were fitted into isotherm models. The adsorption isotherm, Langmuir, and Freundlich R2” values were between 0.888 and 1.000. The adsorption of both metals suits pseudo second-order kinetics with the coefficient of determination values ranges between 0.203 to 0.923. This study established that melon husk-activated carbon adsorbent is more efficient in the adsorption of Pb2+ than Fe2+ in industrial wastewater. Melon husk activated carbon modified with H2SO4 is, therefore, recommended for the removal of lead in electroplating industrial wastewater.
Tunde S. Adewale, Olufunso O. Abosede
Abstract:
Co-crystal engineering is an important aspect of pharmaceutical development as it enables the obtainment of structural varieties of drug forms of same active pharmaceutical compounds while maintaining or improving physico-chemical and therapeutic activities of the active pharmaceutical compounds. In this work, we report the green synthesis of two co-crystals of fluconazole with succinic acid and urea. White block single crystals were obtained after slow evaporation of ethanolic solution of fluconazole (FLU) with the coformers (succinic acid and urea) in 1:1 molar ratio and were characterized using UV and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. FTIR spectra of the co-crystals confirms the formation of the co-crystals in solid state with the appearance of diagnostic FTIR bands of both fluconazole functional groups and those of the coformers (succinic acid and urea) in succinic acid-fluconazole (SFLU) and urea-fluconazole (UFU) respectively. UV-Vis spectra also features the π-π* absorption maxima of fluconazole in the co-crystals, providing additional evidence for the formation of the co-crystals.
Govind Shukla, C. Subrahmanyam, Dipashree Yajnick, Mantipally Yamuna, C.J. Sampath Kumar
Abstract:
Age related macular degeneration (ARMD), Cataract and dry eye syndrome is multifactorial diseases associated with several risk factors and it is responsible for 50% of blindness worldwide. At present, the only remedy for cataract is surgery. However the incidence is so large that the available surgical facilities are unable to cope up with the problem because of postoperative complications such as posterior capsular opacification, endophthalmitis and uncorrected residual refractive error. In India alone around 30 million people suffer from cataract. Thus, the expense and unavailability of surgery mean that non-surgical medical therapy or nutritional treatment to inhibit the formation or slow the progression of cataracts is an important goal in experimental eye research to benefit patients and reduce the huge economic burden. The present Article reviews the role of MAX VISION tablet for eyes to prevent ARMD, Cataract and dry eye syndrome.
M. Dhanabhakyam, Monish P
Abstract:
Employee grievance management is considered as the most significant human resource strategy for improving organizational effectiveness and commitment. Dissatisfied employees are critical for every organizations. This dissatisfaction would leads to employee employer conflicts, job burnout and employee turnover. Hence it is essential to design effective grievance management strategies in companies. Information technology employees have been facing many challenges and problems in their workplace. Such challenges lead to reporting of employee grievances. Management should take care of those grievances and redress it within a short time span. This paper made an attempt to measure the perception of information technology employees on grievance management strategies and analyzed the role of grievance management on job commitment and organizational justice. Findings proved that employee grievance management made a significant impact on job commitment and organizational justice.
Farné Stefano
Abstract:
The system Gravity Separation Mixture Fluid (GSMF) is a device designed and patented by Stefano Farnè and Vito Lavanga, described in the scientific paper “The Gravity Separation Mixture Fluid: An Innovative Method and Device to Separate the Components in a Gas, Liquid or Vapour Mixture”. GSMF allows to separate a mixture into its various components with different specific weights, exploiting the stationing of the fluid in the spaces created by each of two packs of honeycomb which, in addition to increasing the surface useful for the separation of the mixture, provides the vertical space useful for eliminate the horizontal motions that would make the gravimetric separation process vain. The flow necessary for the passage inside the device is guaranteed by inlet and outlet draining pipes from which to extract the different phases of the mixture, arranged in an arrangement for three-dimensional reverse return.
M. Dhanabhakyam, Emil Joseph
Abstract:
A satisfied employee is an asset for any organization to produce good results. Further, some of the research studies have shown that the productivity of organizations improves if the satisfaction level is high. Employee Satisfaction happens through a host variety of factors, one of the proven factors for employee satisfaction is "Salary". There were many motivation theories and research conducted on employee satisfaction. Almost all research is always novel due to their contribution and identification of a new phenomenon to Satisfaction. The present research work is also intended to study employee satisfaction taking the variables from previous studies. The current work is majorly focused on academic fraternity, whose contribution is highly essential in producing the next generation in any educational set-up. Unfortunately, not much research happened in this direction. Primary and Secondary data were used for data collection. A simple percentage method was used and considered 120 faculty members, specifically from the arts and science colleges, collected through a well-structured questionnaire. Methods used are Simple percentage analysis, Weighted mean, Cronbach's alpha (Reliability), Chi-square test, Standard deviation, and Ranking. Therefore, the present research work is intended to fill that gap. The study aims to find the Factors influencing the Satisfaction of faculty members working in fine Arts and Science colleges in Palakkad District, Kerala. The research paper initially focused on employee satisfaction on various parameters and then studied the phenomenon during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The pandemic has devastating effects on academic fraternity satisfaction levels, especially in India. A host variety of reasons captured in this study, and finally, the paper ends with some of the suggestions to make a healthy work environment for a happy and satisfied work-life to provide to the community good academic pursuits.
Yusuf Musa Malgwi, Ibrahim Goni, Bamanga Mahmud Ahmad
Abstract:
Artificial Intelligence (AI) breakthroughs in the last few years have accelerated dramatically as a result of the industry's vast technological use. Neural Networks (NN) is one of the most vital areas of AI, as they allow for commercial use of features that were previously not accessible via the use of computers. The Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is one of the areas in which Neural Networks are being extensively investigated to provide comprehensive computer network security and data confidentiality. During the realization of this work Artificial Neural Network (ANN) were used to shape the proposed model using a realistic CICIDS2017 dataset retrieved from the Canadian Institute for Cyber-Security (CIC) website. Following implementation and testing, it was discovered that the new model performs exceptionally well, with an average. In addition, the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) has a 9.999 % area under the Receiver Operator Characteristic Curve (AUC). Finally, it was discovered that the new model is exceptional and has a high level of accuracy. The new model will aid in an improved knowledge of various orders in which IDS research has been conducted. It will be useful for those working on AI-based solutions in IDS and similar domains. It is possible to enhance the new model's detection capabilities to incorporate all other lingering forms of incidents in this actual datasets, which contains all real-time and existing incidents.
Navdeep Singh, Abdul Sami Shaik Abdul Khadeer, Mohammed Sameer Baig
Govind Shukla, Aishwarya Pothuganti, Sandeep Kunche, Anusha Kandala, Arun Kumar Junjipelly, C. J. Sampath Kumar
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