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Results in Journal IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research: 55

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Ali Mustofa, Mukhlas Samani, Soedjarwo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 261-274; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.112

Abstract:
This study aimed at investigating the relationship between school improvement and demographic variables such as age, gender, length of teaching, teacher’s employment status and educational background. Involving 400 participants of Madrasah Tsanawiyah’s (Islamic junior high schools) teachers in East Java and using school improvement scale, this study found that the higher teacher’s educational qualification is, the better the performance shown, which subsequently had consequences for school improvement in assisting students’ achievement. Likewise, the length of teaching and teachers’ employment status were found bringing influence on school improvement although their correlation directions vary. Meanwhile, gender and age are not related to school improvement. This study suggested teachers’ professional development to enable assistance for students’ success and eventually lead to school improvement.
Dwita Dana Pradipta, Madlazim, Eko Hariyono
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 342-353; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.113

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of practicing problem-solving skills from ESD-based science learning tools. This research is development research with the ADDIE development model and a one-group pre-test post-test design. Data collection methods using validation and tests. Learning tools in all aspects are stated to be very valid so that they can be implemented. The pre-test average score was 52.96 and the post-test score was 79.84 with an N-gain score of 0.67 in the moderate category. This shows that students can be improve in problem-solving skills with ESD-based learning. Students can improved problem-solving skills in the Lapindo mud phenomenon by integrating the liquid pressure material (Archimedes Law and Bernoulli's Law) with the ESD concept (social, ecological, and economic). In terms of ecology, Lapindo mudflow can be overcome by applying Bernoulli's Law. In the economic sector, the overflowing Lapindo mud can be used as a building material. This is studied in the material of Archimedes Law. In the social point, students can communicate the results of problem-solving with the concept of ESD to the surrounding community.
Yohana Saraswati, Sifak Indana, Elok Sudibyo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 329-341; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.118

Abstract:
Humans are faced with industrial advances based on science and technology to meet the needs of human life and solve problems from related issues based on scientific literacy skills. This study aims to describe students' scientific literacy skills which include aspects of knowledge, aspects of competence, aspects of cognitive, and aspects of the context of junior high school students aged 15 years. This research is a quantitative descriptive analysis research. The instrument used to determine scientific literacy skills was a scientific literacy test consisting of 20 multiple choice questions. The science literacy test was validated by two expert lecturers at the State University of Surabaya and one science teacher at State Junior High School of 32 Surabaya. The research also aims to describe the correlation of scientific attitudes to scientific literacy skills. The instrument used was a response questionnaire with 20 yes and no questions. The results showed that the value of the knowledge aspect was 60.57%, the competency aspect was 60.60%, the cognitive aspect was 59.9%, and the context aspect was 60.19%. Scientific literacy skills can be improved by refraction,strategies, and appropriate learning methods. Teachers need to provide access to learning resources from various literary sources, including browsing information via the internet. Students need to be trained to be literate, hone critical and creative thinking, be competent in making decisions to solve problems, and communicate systematically.
Insan Sheny Priyandita, Mubiar Agustin
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 250-260; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.95

Abstract:
The discourse on freedom of speech, in particular when expressing an opinion on the provisions of the Rights of the Child, is often ignored by a trend of change in education that is too concentrated on the authoritarian educational process that prioritizes the success of academic learning rather than the socio-emotional success of children. It is important to communicate the experiences and feelings experienced by children, particularly bullying that occurs early in childhood. This research would examine the importance of free expression in children's rights to the prevention of bullying in early childhood through a decolonization approach. This study employed a literature review approach with a transformative paradigm which take a look at critical thoughts about children's rights, particularly freedom of speech that aims at preventing the bullying that occurs in early childhood. This study argued that the process of preventing bullying and even other negative behavior is effective when parents and teacher properly enforce the rights of children, especially freedom of speech. These results further illuminate the complexities faced by teachers in the application of free expression in early childhood education in daily life.
Raddina Aprilia Putri, Endang Susantini, Titik Taufikurohmah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 354-364; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.116

Abstract:
The type of research applied in this research is Research and Development. The development model used is Dick and Carrey. The purpose of this research and development is to design an Atlas and apply it to train the students' scientific reasoning abilities. Atlas is a teaching materials developed and applied to high school / vocational / MA level students. The sample chosen for the implementation of the Atlas of teaching materials was grade X of VOCATIONAL Health Yannas Husada Bangkalan students. The application of plants as natural indicators of acid-base tests is the material presented in the developed Atlas. Plants selected as indicators are tested first to be presented in the Atlas. Atlas is a teaching material that can convey information related to the use of natural indicators of the acid-base test to train the students' scientific reasoning skills. The four indicators of scientific reasoning that are trained are Theoretical Reasoning, Proportional Reasoning, Probabilistic Reasoning, and Correlational Reasoning. The data shows the students' scientific reasoning ability on the post-test results, as many as 20% of students are on the high criteria, 60% are moderate criteria, and 20% are still on the low criteria from the post-test results. The post-test result data is quite increased when compared to the pretet results, which 100% of students are in the low criteria.
Nisa Auliyah, Elok Sudibyo, Munasir
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 316-328; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.111

Abstract:
Purpose of this study is to analyze the creative thinking skills of junior high school students in physics in distance learning. This study describes students' creative thinking skills in physics using question instruments related to creative thinking. The method used in this research is descriptive quantitative method. The test is conducted online via google form. The instrument contains eight questions related to the physical matter of substance pressure and its application in everyday life. The subjects of this study were 32 students of VIII Junior High School in Gresik. The results showed that the analysis related to students creative thinking ability in physics obtained an average of 51.5% which was included in the creative enough category. On the fluency indicator it was 37% with the less creative category, 58% on the flexible thinking indicator (Flexibility). with the creative enough category, 64% on the original thinking indicator (Originality) with the creative category, 53% on the detailed thinking indicator (Elaboration) with the creative enough category and 43% on the metaphorical thinking indicator (metaphorical thinking) with the creative enough category. From these results it can be concluded that the creative thinking skills of student’s physics in distance learning are still in the sufficient category so that it needs to be improved especially in distance learning at this time, so that alternatives are needed in learning that is suitable for distance learning. Creative thinking skills are one of the important skills to be trained in the 21st century today.
Wahyu Budi Astutik, Setya Yuwana, Hendratno
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 275-292; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.99

Abstract:
This development research was carried out improve the learning outcomes of Indonesian students learning non-fiction text material in narrative writing skills in fourth grade students. This type of research is a Research and Development with Prestest-Posttest One Group Design, using the 4D development model which includes four stages, namely Define, Design, Development and Dissemination. Research respondents of this research are fourth grade. The instrument used a validation questionnaire, observation, practicality questionnaires and learning outcomes tests. Results of this research indicate that the validation of the material obtained 89.4% and the validation of the media obtained 100%. The practicality of the teacher's questionnaire got a percentage of 95%, while the student questionnaire got a percentage of 98.6%, the results of teacher and student observations obtained a percentage of 92.85% and 95%. The effectiveness based on giving pretest and posttest to students totaled 25 students with an average pretest result of 79.52 while the average posttest was 91.96. The result of the t-count is -11.085 and the probability of 0.000 which shows that there is a significant difference in the value of the narrative writing skills of fourth grade elementary school students using the development of non-fiction text digital-based learning media.
Anggraeni Rusmia Putri, Eko Hariyono, Erman
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 293-304; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.102

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the critical-thinking skill of the junior high school student in Mojokerto. This research describes students geoscience conception by using question instruments related to students' critical-thinking skills. The method that used in this research was pre-experimental design with one-shot case study design and descriptive quantitative approach. The test is done online via google form. The question instrument contains 20 questions related to geoscience concept, disasters, and mitigation materials that have been validated by a validator. This research involved 107 students who were on the 7th grade of junior high school in Mojokerto. The results showed that the analysis related to geoscience knowledge of students got an average of 48.79% which was included as very low category, while the critical-thinking skills got 43% on the interpretation indicator, 52% analysis, 79% evaluation, 40% inferential, explanation. 54%, and self regulation 40% with an average critical-thinking skills of 51% which concluded in the very low category. These critical-thinking skills must be built, especially in geoscience conceptl. The accuracy of the analysis of critical-thinking skills in this research only shows the results in the Mojokerto area.
Desy Suryani, Eko Hariyono
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 305-315; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.105

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to find out the geoscience literacy profile of junior high school students in Surabaya. The method used in this research is quantitative method. The test is done online through google form. The problem used in the test instrument is an adaptation of the TIMSS (Trends in Mathematics and Science Study) question in the Earth Science sub-discussion. The question instrument contains 10 points of multiple choice questions, and 3 items of description questions that are the result of the development of indicator slices of TIMSS (Trends in Mathematics and Science Study) 2019 and basic competency indicators of curriculum 2013. The study subjects were 85 respondents who were grade VIII students of State and Private Junior High in Surabaya. The results showed that the geoscience literacy capability profile of junior high school students in Surabaya with an average score of 58.2% is included in the low criteria, there are two indicators that have low achievement criteria, namely identifying or describing changes in the earth's surface, and the impact of geological events; and describe the process of hydrological cycles and know the sun as a source of energy for the hydrology cycle, sufficient achievement criteria, contained in the domain of cognitive knowing and reasoning. While the criteria for achievement are low, it is found in the cognitive domain applying
Harti, Raya Sulistyowati, Tri Sudarwanto, Septyan Budi Cahya, Veni Rafida, Tareq Furas
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 365-371; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i3.114

Abstract:
This research aims to explore the application of learning salesmanship courses during the COVID-19 pandemic, where there are social policies and physical distance conducted by online lectures, while salesmanship courses will be effective if done with many direct practices. Approved implementation of planning, implementation, and evaluation of the implementation of online learning with the support of learning applications such as learning modules and videos. This research was conducted using descriptive qualitative, discussion, and collect data about responses and submissions of learning applications consisting of modules and video sales used during the online learning process. The technique of collecting data is done by collecting, observing, and questioning. Data were analyzed qualitatively using NVIVO software. The results showed that learning tools in the form of salesmanship modules and videos received very high responses, and were effective in fostering student interest in learning, the results of data analysis showed that with modules and videos made learning salesmanship easier, especially on the topic of effective selling techniques online at a pandemic period, very relevant to current needs.
Kamran Akhtar Siddiqui, Shahid Hussain Mughal, Imran Ali Soomro, Masood Ahmed Dool
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 215-223; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.91

Abstract:
Education is a key component of progress in the present-day world. But this progress cannot be made without efforts of teachers. Therefore, teacher education, in particular teacher training becomes extremely important. In this regard, several trainings programs are initiated and executed across Pakistan but the desired outcomes have not been achieved so far. Hence, this study was conducted to explore the challenges in teacher training in Pakistan and the ways through which these issues can be resolved. The sources for the data of the study were the published studies in the field in the context of Pakistan, national education policy, and other relevant literature. Based on secondary data, the study concludes that the issues with teacher training in Pakistan are administrative as well as faculty related. The findings reveal that the challenges related to policy and planning, poor induction of teachers, lack of resources in teacher training institutions, demotivation among teachers, and unequal distribution of skilled and productive teachers, dual training system and infrequent trainings. These issues can be fixed by fostering encouraging environment, ensuring accountability and merit, providing necessary resources, systematizing professional training programs and their continuation. The findings of this study will, therefore, positively guide policymakers to develop the right and effective policy to improve the standard of teacher education in the country.
Widayanto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 196-214; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.92

Abstract:
This study is intended to describe the effectiveness of the application of discovery learning model in writing Descriptive texts. Learning process in education and training field is less related to daily life so that the participants are less passionate and bored. The learning process is still centered on the Widyaiswara/instructor (teacher centered). The problem examined in this paper is whether the discovery learning Model effective in improving the learning outcomes of training participants in the English Teacher Training class in writing Descriptive texts. This research used the Quasi experiment method, conducted at the Surabaya Religious Education and Training Center. Madrasah Aliyah Class I English teacher training class was as a control group while Madrasah Aliyah Class II English teacher training class was as an experimental group. Data obtained through four types of instruments: (1) achievement test, (2) observation, (3) interview, and (4) questionnaire. Data of test results analyzed using t-test statistics. The results showed that the discovery learning model can improve the learning outcomes of participants’ products and processes. Discovery learning model can be used as an alternative learning to write descriptive text.
Mercury Nirwana, Mohamad Nur, Budi Jatmiko
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 158-170; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.86

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to determine the profile of problem-solving instruments which applied in Tsanawiyah Islamic School on vibration, waves, and sound learning materials based on the expert validation assessment and student’s responses. This study used a pre-experimental design method, namely a one-shot case study and it was implemented in Tsanawiyah Islamic School. The sampling technique used purposive sampling using one class. Data collections used problem-solving skills instrument. The expert validation results showed that all of the instrument tests were very valid and it was declared fit for use. Student’s responses from 15 questions were valid because the instrument tests have difficulty level with medium category, although there was one number of the question has difficult category. The distinguishing power showed a good and a very good category although two numbers of questions were less categories. The problem-solving skills profile in Tsanawiyah Islamic School showed a good category in the expert validation noralthough student’s responses although there was a shortage. The limitation of the profile problem solving skills was hindsight from expert validation and students responses. The future research must be better and it can use appropriate learning model for this research like Model SEA-MEA (Self Efficacy Academic-Means Ends Analysis).
Anna Ayu Herawati, Arsyadani Mishbahuddin, Mellyta Uliyadari, Adif Jawadi Saputra
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 138-146; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.79

Abstract:
This research is motivated by the very fact that there are still students who procrastinate, especially academic assignments, during this case, called the wife of student academic procrastination. Efforts made in reducing the extent of student academic procrastination are information services employing a problem-based learning model. This research aims to look at the effectiveness of data services using problem-based learning models to scale back student academic procrastination. This research uses quantitative methods. the sort of this research is Quasi Experiment with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. the themes of this research were counseling students at the University of Bengkulu. The research instrument used was a Likert scale model. The results showed that information services using effective problem-based learning models to scale back student academic procrastination. The implication of the results of this study is that it are often used as input in creating guidance and counseling service programs, especially in information services using problem-based learning models to scale back student academic procrastination.
Novia W. Kusumaningrum, Madlazim, Tarzan Purnomo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 171-183; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.89

Abstract:
This study aims to produce a OrSAEv model learning materials based on role-playing for effective disaster mitigation to improve flood disaster mitigation preparedness, identify anxiety and enjoyment in junior high school. This type of research is the four-Dodels. The research subjects were 29 students of grade VII at SMPN 2 Kalitidu. Based on the results of the analysis and discussion that has been carried out, it shows that the development of learning material are valid with the validity value of each Leson Plans 100%, Student Worksheet 98%, Student Book 94%, Test Questions 96%, Mitigation Questionnaire 100%, The Enjoyment Questionnaire 100%, and the Anxiety Questionnaire 100%. In addition, the learning tools that have been developed are also stated to be implemented measures based on the results of the implementation of the lesson plans from 3 meetings with 94.1%, 93.8% and 92.9%, respectively, for the student response questionnaire a score of 2.5 indicates that the students respond well. Student learning outcomes improve Based on the poster analysis, the criteria are quite good. The criteria for disaster mitigation simulation skills are quite good. The results of the enjoyment questionnaire showed that students did not enjoy it, while the anxiety questionnaire showed that students did not feel anxiety. Recommendations that can be given are pre-learning activities required, understanding the use of software, introduction to students about the orsaev learning model based role-playing.
Candra Kartikasari, Hendratno, Andi Mariono
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 147-157; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.85

Abstract:
The purpose of research to describe the ability to listen and recognize the socio-cultural environment through the use of video “Sidoarjo Story Sound” in kindergarten children group B. With the research subjects of children aged 5-6 years of group B at Happy Kids School Kindegarten in Sidoarjo with a total of 20 children. The research method uses experimental research with one group pretest-posttest design. Data collection instruments use descriptive quantitative statistical analysis techniques. The findings of this study showed that video “Sidoarjo Story Sound” can improve the ability to listen and recognize the socio-cultural environment in group B by 0.88 with a high category and 0.97 with a high category. Implication of the research can combine Sidoarjo Story Sound videos with other learning methods and adjust the development of technology and curriculum used in schools.
Nurul Iskandar, Mustaji, Miftakhul Jannah, Soetam Rizky Wicaksono
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 237-249; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.93

Abstract:
The purpose of this research explained how Problem Based Learning (PBL) designed in teaching and learning English for Vocational School students in Indonesia. A PBL was used for overcoming critical thinking skill in teaching English at vocational school. The sample consisted of tenth grade of vocational school students who were recruited purposively. The research methodology used qualitative and qualitative method. Interview was used to get data about instructional and students’ needs. Questionnaire was used to obtain expert validation during teaching and learning process, and a test was used to obtain the effectiveness. The results of expert validation showed that the design of this learning strategy was good and can be used in learning English. It was effective in English as Foreign Language teaching strategy for vocational school in Blega of Bangkalan. Thus, it could be implemented in the teaching and learning English for vocational school students in enhancing students’ critical thinking.
Muh Mustakim
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 224-236; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.94

Abstract:
The fundamental question of the research is how the learning strategies are developed in pesantren. follow the development of modern learning strategies or survive with his salafiah learning system. This research uses a case study. and research tends to be explanatory. Collecting data through observation, interviews and documentation. The data is taken in general, then sorted, selected, selected and reduced only in relation to the problems of this research. To maintain the validity of the data, there were three things done, namely extending the stay and interacting with respondents; make observations seriously and diligently; and tested by triangulation adopting the interactive model from Miles and Huberman. The findings from the data obtained are compiled by categories and themes, analyzed inductively conceptually and then made narrative explanations so that they are arranged into certain propositions and developed into new theories based on data analysis and narrative theoretical interpretation. The results of this research is that pesantren develop all types of learning strategies, namely direct learning strategies, learning indirect strategies, interactive learning strategies, empirical learning strategies and active learning strategies. This fact is reasonable because the education and learning process in pesantren is 24 hours. These findings indicate that pesantren accept all developments while maintaining their characteristics, so that the findings of this study lead to a theory of pesantren flexibility while maintaining their identity. The findings of this study can be continued in research on learning in certain pesantren, because it can be different from a pesantren compared to other pesantren.
Dewi Handayani, Endang Widi Winarni, Agus Sundaryono, M. Lutfi Firdaus
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 184-195; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.90

Abstract:
This research is to precieve the learning outcomes and student responses to the applied models and applications. The type of research carried out was experimental research using a one group pretest-posttest design with the research subjects were 29 students of the fifth semester of 2019/2020 academic year who took Capita Selecta Chemistry Course. The data collection technique was carried out by means of test techniques, namely learning outcomes as seen from the pretest and posttest scores, as well as non-test techniques as seen from observation, interview and student response questionnaires to the application used via google form. The t test was carried out with the help of the SPSS 23 program. Based on the research conducted, there was an increase in student learning outcomes from a value of 65.172 (pretest average score) to 84.586 (posttest average score). The N-Gain score of 0.557 is included in the moderate category, indicating that there is a significant increase in student's critical thinking skills using the PjBL model and the Edmodo application. The results of the student response questionnaire stated that only 48.28% of students liked learning using the online/edmodo application. 51.72% of students still like direct/face-to-face learning. As many as 96.55% of students considered the Edmodo application to provide a new atmosphere in capita selecta lectures. The response to the edmodo application and the project model used was very good. Students are enthusiastic about the edmodo application because it has complete, interesting and easy to learn features. Project Based Learning (PjBL) learning model using the Edmodo application can be recommended to be applied by the lecture.
Hana Naqiyya Nada, Rhina Uchyani Fajarningsih, Okid Parama Astirin
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 121-137; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i2.83

Abstract:
Globalization encourages rampant development by exploiting natural resources on a large scale. Adiwiyata program is a manifestation of environmental education to raise awareness and concern about the environment. However, the number of Adiwiyata schools is still small, and its implementation has met challenges and obstacles. The research aims to formulate a development strategy for the Adiwiyata program to run optimally and achieve the goals. The research was conducted in Adiwiyata elementary school, junior high, and high school level in Malang regency consisting of Adiwiyata Award school (National or Independent) and Adiwiyata non-Award (District or Province).The study used a qualitative descriptive method with IFAS and EFAS matrices, and then a SWOT and QSPM analysis was performed. The results revealed that Adiwiyata program implementation in Malang Regency was carried out quite well. Several supporting factors and obstacles came from inside and outside the school. The planning and growth strategies were formulated for the Adiwiyata non-awarded schools in quadrant II (2.24; -0.08), while the rewarded Adiwiyata schools were in quadrant I (2.35; 2.88) with alternative development and sustainability strategies. The strategy formulation results are expected to be used as a reference in the development of the Adiwiyata program in Malang Regency.
Dayat Hidayat, Ahmad Wachidul Kohar, Nina Rinda Prihartiwi, Husni Mubarok, Abebayehu Yohannes
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 111-120; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.75

Abstract:
Learning design is one of the factors that support the learning process in order to achieve learning objectives in all subjects including mathematics. Many approaches can be employed by a teacher in making learning design, one of which is rigorous mathematical thinking (RMT) approach. The RMT approach puts forward students actively in constructing their knowledge through the use of psychological tools and mediation. This article reports a set of learning activities designed through a developmental study using the RMT approach in the topic of application of derivatives. Participants of this research were twenty-six of 11th grade students from a private secondary school. Data were collected through written test and classroom observation. The research instruments were student worksheet and observation sheet. In the learning process, students use psychological tools to connect their previous knowledge to the material being studied. This makes students able to construct their own knowledge more thoroughly. On the other hand, with the mediation carried out by the teacher, students can focus more and understand each material well and bridge the conceptual errors. Based on the results of the study and some literature, Design of learning activities using Rigorous Mathematical Thinking (RMT) on application of derivative can be an alternative as effective learning.
Basuki Tri Harnoto, Rahyu Setiani, B Widuroyekti, Dwi Sambada, Dwikoranto, Lindsay N. Bergsma
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 73-85; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.78

Abstract:
The purpose of this research was to improve student learning outcomes, activities, and positive responses. Classroom action research carried out in 4 stages: planning, action and observation, reflection, and revision that carried out in three cycles. Data were collected through test, observation, questionnaire, and documentation. The participants of this research are class XI-3 students of State Senior High School 1 Krembung. Data were analyzed descriptively quantitative. Observation cycle 1, motivation by the teacher, learning objectives, explanation of working on worksheets, worksheet systematics, class control, seating settings, and intelligence use are lacking. The mean obtained is 55 with grade completeness of 38%. Observation cycle 2, delivery of learning objectives hastily, connecting material with daily phenomena is less clear, concluding that the material is not systematic. However, many students begin to maximize their intelligence to obtain a mean 63.75 with class completeness of 60%. Observation cycle 3 shows an improvement, and the process runs smoothly so that the mean is 74 with grade completeness 81%. Students' positive activity increased from cycle I to cycle III while learning achievement from cycle one to cycle three increased respectively by 38%, 60%, and 81%. The student’s response questionnaire showed that students had a positive attitude with 81.73% and 18.27% negative. In conclusion, student achievement and activity in learning had increased and received a positive response.
Dyah Ayu Setyarini, Zainal Arifin Imam Supardi, Elok Sudibyo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 42-53; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.74

Abstract:
This research aims to improve senior high school students’ physics problem-solving skills through learning used IBMR learning model. This research was a pre-an experimental study with a one-group pre-test and post-test design. The Methods of data collection used validation and test. The materials used to teach were valid category by two experts and can be used to practice physics problem-solving skills. The average post-test score physics problem-solving ability was 73.24 with an N-gain of 0.59 was classified as moderate. The success of IBMR learning model-based devices in practicing problem-solving abilities can be seen in the increase in the average score in each indicator of problem-solving abilities. The indicator of understanding the problem had the highest post-test average score of 94.58 with an N-gain of 0.89 in the high category. The problem-solving indicator had the lowest posttest average score was 58.22 with N-gain 0.39 and mean that it was the moderate category. Based on the results study, it can be concluded that the learning used by IBMR learning model can practice the ability to solve physics problems on heat material and its displacement. Learning with the IBMR learning model was expected to train students in solving physics problems. The stages in the IBMR learning model can help students
Daniel Hermawan
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 86-95; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.77

Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic which is occurring all over the world indeed has many negative impacts in various aspects. On the other hand, the COVID-19 pandemic aroused the use of e-learning which has been seen as a complementary medium in the education process in Indonesia. This research aims to explore the challenges and opportunities felt by students in private university by implementing e-learning as an innovative learning method in the future. Through the mixed method approach, it can be concluded that e-learning can be accepted as an educational solution in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic, but it still requires improvements in terms of comfort, infrastructure, and absorption of knowledge so that e-learning does not merely move classrooms into digital classrooms, but also provides a holistic experience that makes it easier for students to learn and gain knowledge. Research provide student perspectives in undergoing e-learning which is expected to be a recommendation for universities to provide a good e-learning experience. In addition, there is an evaluative step for the lecturer in optimally optimizing e-learning design.
Mellyta Uliyandari, Emilia Candrawati, Anna Ayu Herawati, Nurlia Latipah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 65-72; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.56

Abstract:
This reserach was conducted to improve conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability of fourth-semester students of the Science education study program, Bengkulu University by applying PBL. The research method used in this study is quasi experimental, which in its implementation uses single class or one group pretest-posttest design. The test question was the instrument used in this study. The findings showed that there was an improvement in students‘ conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability of students‘ since implementing problem-based learning models in environmental chemistry courses. This improvement can be seen from the results of the gain test for each class group on the test of conceptual understanding and critical thinking ability which are in the "medium" category, while the t-test results for concept understanding and critical thinking ability show a significant difference (0.000
M.J. Dewiyani Sunarto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 54-64; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.70

Abstract:
This research aims to determine the readiness of lecturers in implementing online learning on both faculties at a University in Surabaya during the first semester of the pandemic, especially in terms of (1) the use of synchronous learning mode, (2) the use asynchronous learning mode with e-learning, (3) the strengths and weaknesses of online learning that have been implemented by lecturers. This research was conducted on 126 lecturers in both faculties with a total of 350 classes. The research instrument used an electronic log from the campus e-learning application, and was analyzed using a descriptive method. The results showed that (1) the use of synchronous learning mode was used by 72% and 64% of the total amount of learning performed at the Faculty of Information Technology and at the Faculty of Business Economics, respectively (2) the use of campus e-learning as the media for asynchronous learning for delivering materials by 94% and 50.01% (3). The strength of online learning for lecturers is the availability of supporting applications and teaching materials which can be used by learners, while the weakness is on the understanding of online philosophy. From the results of this research, it is recommended to increase the readiness of lecturers to perform online learning, in the form of understanding the online philosophy, and institutional support to provide interesting contents for online learning, so it can be carried out in accordance with its philosophy, as asset for future online learning, even though if there will be no Covid-19 Pandemic.
Hidayah Zuliana Puspitaningrum, Wasis, Tjipto Prastowo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 16-28; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.76

Abstract:
This research aims to develop a multi-representation based test instrument that can be used to measure students' higher-order thinking skills, especially in Newton's law material. development procedures used the Plomp development model, the stages were design, construction/ realization, test, evaluation, revision, and implementation. The subjects in this study were 36 students of class X at one of High School in Surabaya. At the implementation stage, tests were given to students and analysed using Rasch analysis with help of Winstep software. The multi-representation test instrument in question was a question in the form of an essay with a representation model consisted of visual, verbal, and mathematical representations adapted to the cognitive domain of Bloom's taxonomy of higher-order thinking. Data collection techniques were validation of instruments and tests. The results of this study were 9 items of valid test instruments based on logical validity and empirical validity and a reliable instrument based on calculations using the Alpha Cronbach equation. Based on the results of this research can be concluded that multi-representation test can be train high order thinking skills students. Study with multi-representation test is expected to be able to make students are easier to develop high order thinking skill, in this research students can be categorized as having sufficient high-order thinking skills.
Muh Saerozi
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 1-15; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.68

Abstract:
Islamization of Java becomes an actual topic of religious social research because the phenomena not only relate to religious discourse but also other aspects. This research focuses on the Islamization of the government center of Salatiga Central Java. The aims of this study are: to find the academic answer to why Islamization occurred in the government center of Salatiga in Central Java, to find out the Islamization process underway, to describe the dominant factors affecting Islamization, and to describe the impact of Islamization on religious life around the central government. The benefit of this research is to contribute the theories of Islamization of Government center of Java in the late of 20th century. This study is a descriptive research and causality analysis. The events were limited to those of 1985 to 2018. The data were sourced from the archives, inscription, news, interviews, and literature. The results of the study found that the Islamization of the Salatiga government center was carried out because the infrastructure was still European patterned. The actualization of Muslim religiosity was not well supported by this infrastructure. The symbol of Islamization is the transformation of the villa on the west of the city square into a mosque. The Islamization was successful because of the symbiotic factors between political parties, rulers, scholars, Islamic universities, and religious organizations. There was no significant impact yet on the improvement of spiritual and social lives around the government center. This study enriches theories about the symbiotic relations of religions, politics, and social changes in Java in the late 20th century.
Yuli Sutoto Nugroho, Lilik Anifah, Edy Sulistiyo, Sari Cahyaningtias, Rifqi Firmansyah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 96-110; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.81

Abstract:
Analysis of the quality of learning is crucial in the teaching and learning process, to ensure the quality of learning is well maintained. Learning quality assurance instruments are one of the tools to improve quality in education through evaluations produced by studies of students. This research was conducted to test the quality of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research aims to evaluate Internet-Based Distance Learning which was carried out during the Work From Home (WFH) period. The learning analysis step is carried out through 1) Formulation of the need for quality analysis of learning, 2) Compiling quality analysis instruments, 3) Distribution of questionnaires, 4) Data processing, 5) Data analysis and 6) Compilation of results. The data analysis technique used descriptive qualitative analysis. The data that has been processed will then be analyzed using descriptive qualitative methods to find conclusions about the quality of learning in the Department of Electrical Engineering (JTE) during the 2020 pandemic. From the analysis, results obtained information that the Quality of Learning with Internet-Based Distance Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic at JTE it can be said that it is good from a student's point of view, while from a lecturer's point of view, It can be concluded that online learning is very good. The implementation of this research is a consideration for JTE to improve the quality of Internet-Based Distance Learning
Muh Burhanudin Harahap, Maria Veronika Roesminingsih, Mudjito
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 2, pp 29-41; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v2i1.69

Abstract:
This research aims to analyze the implementation and impact of human resource development in improving the performance of students. This research used a qualitative approach with the type of multi-case study research at the Elementary School Muhammadiyah of 1 Jember and the Elementary School Al Baitul Amien of 1 Jember. Data collection was carried out by observation, interviews, and documentation in both schools. The data analysis process was carried out by condensing data, presenting data, drawing conclusions, and verification. Based on the research conducted, it was concluded that the implementation of human resources in Elementary School Muhammadiyah of 1 Jember and Elementary School Al Baitul Amien of 1 Jember, namely 1) The school has fully professional development of educators in the form of training programs and always strives to improve the quality of education through skills improvement programs. 2) The school activity program is always maximized, through habituation in improving the quality of learning through activities, teaching, during the learning process and up to the implementation of quality training so that it is optimal. 3) Programmed school activities program in a clear concept in planning the skills development of educators. 4) Regulations concerning the development of written and straightforward teaching staff and maximized for the program of enhancing the skills of educators which are compiled through the formulation and determination of collective teacher teamwork. Then the impact of the development of human resources in improving the performance of students has a good overall impact on every program implementation of the two schools.
Sunday A. Itasanmi, Mathew T. Oni, Omobola O. Adelore
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 191-208; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.64

Abstract:
This study reported students' assessment of open and distance learning programmes and services vis-à-vis teaching and learning experience, educational resources, technical support service and infrastructural facilities in ODL institutions in Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design and the participants for the study comprised of 719 students randomly drawn from three purposively selected ODL institutions in Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for the study. Quantitative data generated from the survey were analysed using frequency counts, percentages, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) while the qualitative data was content analysed. Result of the study showed that students enrol in open and distance learning programmes majorly as a result of the flexibility in learning. While students relatively rate their teaching & learning experience, educational resources and available infrastructural facilities in their universities good, they, however, rate technical support services provided in the ODL institutions as being poor. A comparative analysis of the students’ assessment in the three institutions revealed that there exists a statistically significant difference in teaching & learning experiences, available educational resources, technical support services and infrastructural facilities in the institutions. Based on the findiings of the study, some recommendation were made.
Rachmad Syarifuddin Hidayatullah, Sudirman Rizki Ariyanto, Muhaji, Husni Mubarok, Abebayehu Yohannes
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 209-217; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.62

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the effect of using Collaborative Problem-Based Learning (CPBL) on students' problem-solving skills. This study used a 2x2 factorial design, in which the selection of experimental and control groups was determined with convenience sampling. The data analysis technique of this research is divided into two types, namely the prerequisite analysis test and hypothesis testing. The findings of this study concluded that students who studied with CPBL had significantly higher problem-solving skills than students who studied with Direct Instruction (DI). In addition, high problem-solving skills were generally owned by students with high initial skills. Meanwhile, the complete the results of the hypothesis test this study also showed a significant interaction between the learning model and initial skills on students' problem-solving skills in internal combustion motor competences. This shows that the selection of the right learning model is needed according to the initial skills of students so that problem-solving skills can be adequately developed. Thus, it is hoped that vocational school students can become graduates who can compete in the world of work.
Annita Kastur, Mustaji, Yatim Riyanto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 261-270; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.63

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze the feasibility of the results of the learning model instrument, textbooks, student worksheets, assessment sheets, and learning implementation plans. This study uses the Dick and Carey development model. There are 7 steps in Dick and Carey's learning, including 1) Identifying learning objectives, 2) Conducting learning analysis, 3) Analyzing student characteristics and learning context, 4) Formulating specific learning objectives, 5) Developing learning instruments, 6) Developing strategies learning, 7) Developing and selecting learning materials, 8) Designing and developing evaluation and assessment, 9) Revising learning programs, 10) Implementing and developing evaluations. Based on the results of the study showed that the research instruments in the form of the results of the learning model, textbooks, student worksheets, assessment sheets, and learning implementation plans scored good criteria. The direct learning model with a life-based learning approach is suitable for use as a learning model in improving student learning outcomes. This can be shown by the validity of the instrument.
Devy Alvionita, Prabowo, Z.A. Imam Supardi
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 246-260; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.46

Abstract:
This study aims to improve students' critical thinking skills through the application of learning materials with the PBL-SETS method. They were developed with the 4D model. This research is pre-experimental used one group pretest and posttest design. Data collection methods used validation, observation, and test. The data analysis technique used is the paired sample T-test. The learning materials have a very valid category and it can be used to improve critical thinking skills. The average critical thinking post-test score is 84 with an N-Gain of 0.7 which categorize as medium, while the overall student completeness reached 87%. The results of data analysis show that t-count = -21,967 and t-table = 1,693 (at df 32 and the significance level of 0.05). Research shows that the use of PBL with the SETS method affects increasing critical thinking skills. The responses of students towards learning by 88% (very good). Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that learning materials of the PBL model with the SETS method can improve the students’ critical thinking skill on fluid dynamic topic. PBL with SETS learning is expected to be able to make students more actively in the process of problem solving directly so that students are easier to develop critical thinking skill. From the indicator of critical thinking skills, students can more easily understand the concept and develop their critical thinking skill.
Andiek Widodo, Yatim Riyanto, Erni Roesminingsih
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 233-245; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.61

Abstract:
This study aims to examine the implementation of academic quality assurance, as well as the strategies and models used in improving academic quality assurance in the Islamic Senior High School of Surabaya and Islamic Senior High School of 2 Malang. This study used a qualitative approach with a multi-site research design. Based on the results of the research that has been done, it is concluded that the implementation of academic quality assurance in the process of implementing education at Madrasahs has been carried out well in improving the quality of learning, academic achievement, and competitiveness of these madrasah graduates. The implementation of quality assurance can be done using the first strategy, the leadership has given trust and responsibility in implementing management guidelines, second, the madrasah activity program is socialized intensively, and third, the preparation of learning tools that are carried out collaboratively. Overall, the implementation of madrasah academic quality assurance has been carried out according to national education standards.
Umar Jaeni, Ismet Basuki, Moedjiarto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 286-300; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.65

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the culture of learning, management functions, and the learning process of the Quran with the Tilawati model, as well as to determine the character development by learning the Quran with the Tilawati model at Junior High School Al Muslim of Sidoarjo, Islamic Junior High School of 1 Surabaya and Junior High School of 34 Surabaya. This study used a multi-case study research method with a purposive sampling technique with the research subjects, namely 3 schools. The collection is done by giving questions related to culture, learning management, and the learning process in the three schools. From the research it can be concluded that 1) The culture of learning Al-Quran with the Tilawati model provides a fairly good contribution to fostering student character, 2) The use of management science principles in the implementation of the Tilawati model of Al Quran learning program is very appropriate, 3) The learning process of the Al-Quran model consists of interrelated components, including; graduation targets about quality and quantity, curriculum, management of learning Al-Quran with the Tilawati model, 4) To foster 25 student characters through learning the Tilawati Al-Quran model is done by designing learning with syntax or learning stages that are systematically arranged. This research implies that it can be used as material to improve the implementation of the Al-Quran learning culture by developing modern learning management principles.
Binar Kurnia Prahani, Sayidah Mahtari, Suyidno, Joko Siswanto, Wahyu Hari Kristiyanto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 314-318; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.58

Abstract:
This article is the result of a book review of a work by Stefano Gattei. The starting point of Popper's view is that "almost every phase of our scientific development is under metaphysical rule, that is, ideas that are tested, ideas which determine not only what problems we need to explain, but also what kinds of answers we will consider to be one that is important or satisfactory or accepted, and as a remedy, or guarantee, of a previous answer". Popper's indeterminism is important because Popper's custom begins by considering an intuitive Laplacian view of determinism: "the world is like a motion picture film: or a projected image. Parts of the film have proved to be the past. And unproven people are the past. front". Popper has always been claimed to be a metaphysical realist: to him, to be a realist means to think, in covenant with common sense, that the world of his existence is independent of human beings. It means, "my existence will end without the world coming to an end too". As well as other metaphysical positions, realism is a non-testable conjecture: "realism is neither proven nor disproved".
Valensa Yossyana, Nadi Suprapto, Tjipto Prastowo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 218-232; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.53

Abstract:
The argumentation ability plays an important role in the support of life skills required in the 21st century, but it has been recently found that this ability among students remains at a low level. This situation has asked for intervention to make the necessary skills improved. Thus, this study aims to examine students’ argumentation skills in written and oral senses by implementing the 5E Learning Cycle in a classroom setting and to analyze the effects of the implementation on ability the skills. The design of this study was pre-experimental research using one group pretest-posttest method. The learning materials used during the study were syllabus, lesson plans, handouts, worksheets, and exercises. Meanwhile, the ability of scientific argumentation skills was evaluated and assessed using pretest-posttest given and interviews in the form of descriptive questions and the corresponding guidelines. The results of the study are here reported as three separate findings. Firstly, the application of the 5E Learning Cycle in science learning allowed the students to practice their scientific argumentation skills. Secondly, direct observations found that most activities were well performed during classroom learning. Thirdly, group discussions in the 5E Learning Cycle have a good contribution to the students' scientific argumentation skills.
Aprido B. Simamora, Wahono Widodo, I Gusti Made Sanjaya
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 271-285; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.55

Abstract:
In the strict challenges faced by society, a paradigm shift is needed in the education system that can provide a set of 21st century skills needed by students to deal with every aspect of global life. One of them is scientific literacy. Unfortunately, the scientific literacy ability of students in Indonesia is still low. The Inquiry and SETS models have been widely applied to improve students' scientific literacy skills. However, weaknesses are found such as: students still cannot use their content knowledge to explain scientific phenomena perfectly; and the need for more in-depth inquiry activities so that students' abilities in designing and evaluating scientific investigations obtain excellent results. Therefore, innovation was created to develop the BRADeR learning model based on consideration of the strengths and weaknesses of the inquiry model and SETS as well as theoretical and empirical support. This research serves as a preliminary study in the process of developing the BRADeR model to improve students' scientific literacy skills. This study includes a needs analysis and literature review. The results show that innovation can be maintained as a basis for developing a hypothetical model of the BRADeR learning model. The syntax of the BRADeR model includes: brainstorming, reading, analyzing, decision making, and reflection. The hypothetical model of the BRADeR learning model must be tested to meet the aspects of validity, practicality, and effectiveness to improve the scientific literacy skills of junior high school students.
Hariyati, Budi Jatmiko, Raharjo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 301-313; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i3.39

Abstract:
The research aims to produce STAD cooperative model online learning tools with the help of video media to improve student learning outcomes in elementary schools. The development of learning tools used the 4D model and was tested on 40 students. The results showed that online science learning tools were valid with validation results in the very valid category (84.9%) and Student Teaching Materials (96%); practical in terms of implementing RPP (87.26) is categorized as very good and obstacles during learning can be overcome; effective in terms of positive student responses (88.89%), student activity (91.76%) is categorized as very good, and student learning outcomes increase knowledge competence with an average N-gain of 0.75 in the high category. In the Independent T-test, the 2-way significance value of 0.456> 0.05 indicates that there is no difference in the average learning outcomes between groups. then on the t-pair Sig. (2-tailed) 0.000
Miftahul Jannah, Z. A. Imam Supardi, Prabowo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 156-168; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.45

Abstract:
This study aims to describe the effectiveness of learning materials with a guided inquiry model with the REACT strategy to improve students’ learning achievement on heat and temperature topic. It developed with the 4D model and try outed using the One Group Pre-Test Post-Test Design. Data collection methods used validation, observation, and test. The results of this research are that the learning materials have a very valid category and it can be used to improve the learning process. The learning achievement, the average post-test score is 84 with an N-Gain of 0.7 which categorize as medium, while the overall student completeness reached 88.57%. The students have a very good response to learning in the range of the answer with agree and very agree. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that learning materials of the guided inquiry learning model with the REACT strategy can improve the students’ learning achievement on heat and temperature topic. Guided inquiry with the REACT strategy learning is expected to be able to make students more actively in the process of gaining their knowledge directly so that students are easier to remember and interpret.
Budiyono Saputro, Muh Saerozi, Fadhil Ardhiansyah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 78-89; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.26

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to obtain a critical description of the learning strategy for science practicum during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method was a qualitative descriptive study. The respondents of this study were lecturers and students of the Natural Sciences within the Indonesia Natural Sciences Tadris Association. The research instruments were in the form of questionnaires and a list of questions related to the learning of science practicum during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results showed the highest percentage of each learning strategy indicator for science practicum used by lecturers as follows: (1) 68.75% for the student center approach, (2) 50% for problem-based learning strategy, (3) 31.25% for self-practicum technique, (4) 31.25% for WhatsApp media, (5) 31.25% for self-assignment evaluation, (6) 93.75% for the indicator of the success of self-practicum, (7) 68.75% social media and signal supporting factors, (8) 31.25% for internet network obstacle, (9) 68.75% for the method to discover the practicum skills by playing the video of student’s results of practicum at home. The recommendation of this study should be carried out independently in each student's home by utilizing tools and materials around their environment and evaluation of learning is done through self-assignments or practicum videos sent to lecturers.
Heri Suryaman, Kusnan, Husni Mubarok
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 63-77; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.42

Abstract:
This study attempts to discuss the profile of brave learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: (1) validity and reliability of instrument; (2) interesting learning for students; (3) implementation of learning; (3) strengths and weaknesses of learning; and (4) application that matches the learning profile and the condition of the existing internet network. The participant of this study were students and lecturers supporting courses in the Building Engineering Education study program. Data collection uses quantitative and qualitative methods. The questionnaire was given by online to 67 students and 6 lecturers. The result of this research shows that (1) questionnaire instruments have been tested as valid and reliable; (2) online learning is not all interesting; (3) online learning has been implemented, but some lecturers have problems when making corrections, the condition of the internet network in some regions is not smooth enough to be an obstacle for students to access applications; (4) using of the application adjusts the online learning profile and the condition of the internet network in the area. The conclusion reveals that applications of online learning must be easily accessible, used, interesting, and needs to be combined with several applications to provide the perfection of delivery and acceptance of material in teaching and learning activities.
Sari Famularsih
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 116-123; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.41

Abstract:
This study analysed the implementation of classical puppet drama performance to improve students’ speaking skill in International Class Program of one of universities in Salatiga. The teaching and learning processes in drama class were(1 ) asking the students with the question, (2) designing drama project plan, (3) creating drama preparation schedules, (4) monitoring the students in preparing the drama, (5) assessing the outcome, and (6) evaluating students’ drama performance. This study was qualitative research in the form of case study. To collect the data the researcher used observation, interview, documentation, and questionnaire. The results showed that by using drama performance, students can improve their pronunciation, fluency, accuracy, handle the voice, and body language to improve their self-confidence to speak in English. Moreover, the used of 4Cs skills activities namely critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity skills in the classroom can stimulate students to improve their group work and interaction among students.
Deisy Sampul, Benny B. Binilang, J.F. Senduk, F.J.A. Oentoe
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 124-133; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.43

Abstract:
The Internal Quality Assurance System (IQAS) has an important position in ensuring the quality of education of each education unit. A good internal quality assurance process will guarantee the quality of education is maintained and will make it easier for schools to conduct quality mapping, preparing quality plans, fulfilling quality, evaluating and determining quality standards. The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation internal quality assurance processes at SMAN (State Senior High School) in the City of Tomohon, North Sulawesi based on quality report. This research was designed using qualitative descriptive research with the data collection techniques include observation and documentation as well as data sourced from the Quality Report online application. The results of this study indicate that the internal quality assurance process at SMAN in Tomohon City has been carried out in accordance with national education standards. The educational quality achievement still needs to be improved so that there is consistency in fulfilling quality. In addition, a culture of quality and cooperation must be fostered in order to support the internal quality assurance process. Likewise in the internal quality assurance process that requires support from various elements in the school, government and community environment.
Taufik Adi Sarwoto, Budi Jatmiko, Elok Sudibyo
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 90-107; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.40

Abstract:
The research aims to develop online science teaching instruments based on a scientific approach using a proper PhET simulation to improve learning outcomes for elementary school students. The developed equipment is the lesson plan, students’ activity sheet, learning materials, and assessment sheet of learning outcomes. The research plan is designed in One Group Pre-Test- Post-Test Design. The population in this study is all students of the fifth grade of State Elementary School Jagir I academic year 2019/2020. The results showed that there is a significant improvement in the results of online science studying through a scientific approach with the PhET simulation media. N-Gain value of class A is of 0.76 and class B is 0.70 with high criteria. The hypothesized test results showed no significant difference between class A and class B, student learning outcomes in the psychomotor area values class A in 80 when the average value of class B is 77.08, the learning results in affective domain values in class A is 80.00 in average and in class B is 80.31 with the 100% passing rate of the affective domain.
Emilia Candrawati, Sumpono, Agus Sundaryono, Mellyta Uliyadari
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 134-155; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.34

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the integrated science learning type connected to achieving basic competencies and improving science process skills. This study uses a 4-D development model that is defined, design, develop, and disseminate with one-group posttest design implemented in 5th-semester students of Chemistry Education, University of Bengkulu. The research instrument is a posttest question to measure learning outcomes and observation sheets to measure science process skills. The teaching materials used are sourced from part of the process and the results of the activity test of palm oil endophytic bacteria ethyl acetate extract against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. by TLC-bioautography is packaged in the form of learning videos. The results showed that the Integrated Science type of Connected model was used effectively to improve student learning outcomes and science process skills.
Septi Budi Sartika, Noly Shofiyah
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 108-115; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.32

Abstract:
This research aimed to describe the psychomotor skills of pre-service teachers of natural science on Melde’s Experiment through guided inquiry learning. Psychomotor skills were assessed by observation during students conduct the Melde’ s experiment. This research method used was descriptive quantitative in which the authors described the research variables from the collected data. The study was conducted on a pre-service natural science teacher who learns the Optic and Geometry Course. The data analysis uses descriptive statistical. The results showed that the psychomotor skills of pre-service teachers of natural science are categorized as very good in manipulation, good in precision and articulation; fair in imitation and naturalization domain. The lowest category of psychomotor indicators is naturalization. Naturalization is doing related activities according to the skills that are owned, a sample designing experiment with different variables. Different variables with the module make the prospective teacher’s students think hard to create the experimental draft, consequently, the experimental design and findings are not equal to the theory. Further research is expected to have a learning model that is capable of training better psychomotor skills.
Sulvahrul Amin, Maria Ulviani
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 169-177; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.36

Abstract:
The main problem in this research is how to improve the results of the sociology learning subject of social interaction (advertising) through a type of Jigsaw cooperative learning model in class X students at State Senior High School 3 Sungguminasa Gowa. This study aimed to improve the results of the sociology learning subject of social interaction (advertising) in class X students at State Senior High School 3 Sungguminasa Gowa. This type of research was a classroom action research consists of two cycles that conducted four times. Research procedures include planning, implementing actions, observing, and reflecting. The results showed that in the first cycle that was done, it has not been fulfilled because the average value obtained is 65.78. Whereas in the second cycle, from 27 students, there were 24 students or 88.89 had met the KKM and had been fulfilled the average value is 78.9 or in the high category, while the KKM standard was 70. Based on the findings of the research above it can be concluded the learning outcomes of class X sociology students at State Senior High School 3 Sungguminasa Gowa increased.
Intan Ika Ashhabul Maimanah, Suryanti, Nadi Suprapto
IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, Volume 1, pp 178-190; doi:10.46245/ijorer.v1i2.35

Abstract:
This study is development research with the aim the knowing of validity, effectiveness, and practicality of inquiry-based learning tools assisted by flashcard media to reduce misconceptions of elementary school students on light concept. Before and after the learning materials implemented, the pretest and posttest were carried out. Identification of students' misconceptions was utilized by using the three-tiers diagnostic test. The data analysis technique used quantitative descriptive. The results of the study showed: (1) The validity of the learning materials was declared to be very valid by the validator, (2) The practicality of the materials developed was declared practical by the observer in terms of aspects of the device's implementation and student activities in learning which were categorized very well, and (3) the effectiveness of the learning materials being developed was declared effective in terms of the application of the materials which had an impact on reducing students' misconceptions which initially amounted to 57.33% down to 17.33%. An Inquiry-based science learning device assisted with flashcard media that has been developed, was feasible with valid, practical, and effective criteria, and also can be used to reduce science misconceptions on elementary students on light material.
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