Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Asian Journal of Applied Science and Technology: 181

(searched for: journal_id:(4390585))
Page of 4
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Ashwani Sharma, Sannia Handa
Abstract:
Panchayati Raj was widely accepted because it meant government through mutual consultation, consent, and consensus. It fit right in with India's ancient cultural patterns. The passage of the 73rd amendment by Parliament in 1992 had the potential to usher in genuine democracy at the grassroots village level. This experiment is proving to be a huge success, especially in terms of allowing women to come out of their homes and participate in administrative and political fields. It must be considered that including well-qualified women in village Panchayats at the outset of the Panchayati Raj Institution's interlocution in rural areas would be a vital instrumental measure in planning for improving the social status and empowering women.
Olowojoba Success O, Eguarojie Ezekiel O, Salami Moses A
Abstract:
Flood is one of the natural disaster known to be part of the earth biophysical processes, which its occurrence can be devastating; due to mostly anthropogenic activities and climatological factors. The aim of the research is to identify flood prone areas using geospatial techniques and the specific objectives are to carry out terrain analysis of the study area and to generate flood vulnerability map of the study area. The study analyzed rain fall data; soil map, the drainage system and Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM 30m) of the area. A geographic positioning system (GPS) device was used to take coordinate points of flooded areas in the study area during field work. With the use of ArcGIS 10.8 version the data were modelled to generate the vulnerability map of the study area. The drainage system was generated through on-screen digitization of topographic map of scale 1:50,000 of Ondo South-West. The mean annual rainfall of Ilaje local government was generated in the ArcGIS environment from the rainfall data through spatial analysis tool. The SRTM was used in terrain analysis of the study area. The soil map of the study area was clipped to generate the different soil map of the area which are Arenosol, Gleysol and Acrisols. Weighted sum analysis of ArcGIS was adopted to generate the final vulnerability map of the area. The results generated showed the lowest mean annual rain fall of the area between 1,880mm and 1,990mm and the highest mean annual rain fall was between 2,340mm and 2,440mm. Digital elevation model (DEM), slope, aspect and flow direction were generated from the SRTM. Drainage density of the area was generated using the drainage system. 360.35km square was vulnerable, 474.79km square was least vulnerable, 235.31km square was moderately vulnerable and 218.01km square was highly vulnerable in the study area.
Vudata Usha Kiran, Vudata Bhavesh Nandan
Abstract:
The oral cavity is the hub of several species of microorganisms that protect the oral environment as well as cause the destruction of the hard and soft tissues namely the teeth and the periodontium. The acquisition and maturation of these microbes depend on factors that come into play even before a child takes birth. This article looks into the various aspects that could affect the oral microbiome and its dynamics in the human body.
Dang Ngoc Ly
Abstract:
This study presents the synthesis of activated carbon material by simple thermal treatment of bamboo wood. The synthetic AC shows an amorphous and porous structure. The adsorption of lead ions on synthetic AC was effectuated. The obtained results show that the synthetic AC has a high ability for lead ions removal with high efficiency of 97% after 2 hours of adsorption experiment. The isotherm study showed that lead removal is suitable for both the Langmuir and Freundlich models with a high value of correlation coefficient (R2 = 0.97). The maximum capacity of lead ions removal is high (Qm = 24570 mg/g). Summing up, AC material synthesized from bamboo wood presents a potential material for lead ions removal from the aqueous solution.
D. Saber, A. H. Abdelnaby
Abstract:
In recent years, research on replacing manufactured fibers such as glass fibers with natural fibers as reinforcement in polymeric composites has increased rapidly. Natural fibers are an important by-product with many advantages such as abundance, biodegradability, flexibility during processing, minimal health hazards, relatively high tensile and flexural modulus, low density, low cost, and recyclability. Although natural fibers possess many advantages, as mentioned above, they suffer from some drawbacks while used in polymer matrix composites. Therefore, it is necessary to modify the fiber surface by suitable chemical treatment. The fibers had to be treated with sodium hydroxide to improve the interfacial adhesion between the fiber and the matrix, which optimized the mechanical and physical properties of these composites. Maleic anhydride was added to the composites to improve fiber composite compatibility and also to improve the properties of the composites. The main objective of this review, study the different properties of a cost-effective and eco-friendly composite material. This material consisting of natural fiber as the reinforcing component and polymeric materials as the matrix. In this review, the effects of natural fiber content, alkali treatment, and the addition of coupling agent on the composite properties were performed.
A.B. Aboyi, S. T. Tyowua, E. T. Iortyom, T. Hemen, D.D. Akosu
Abstract:
This paper is experimental research which focuses on the determination of the pharmaceutical half-life of some analgesic and anti-malaria drugs using the volume of distribution and clearance of the pharmacokinetic processes. Some analgesic and anti-malaria drugs were collected and administered to six healthy young men. Blood and urine samples were collected from each of them after one hour from the time of administration. All the samples for each drug were separated using a Gas chromatography machine to obtain the amount of drug remaining in the blood and the amount eliminated. The obtained values for the volume of distribution (Vd) from the blood samples and clearance (Cl) from the urine samples where mathematically evaluated with the elimination rate constant k=0.693 approximated to 0.7 to give a result with little or no error. The half-life for all samples were obtained and the pharmacokinetic properties and interactions of the drugs analysed. The various half-life obtained from this research certifies and correspond to the manufacturer's published half-life for the analysed drug samples. The high volume of distribution of Tramadol hydrochloride 70l/kg-painkiller, paracetamol 65l/kg-painkiller and artesunate 50l/kg-anti-malarial shows that they are highly absorbed into the body system and are very strong medications. They do not leave the system quickly and affects the physiological state for a long period while the low volume of distribution processes of diclofenac 1.4l/kg-painkiller, arthemeter 11.5l/kg-anti-malaria and quinine 28l/kg-anti-malaria shows a low distribution rate of these drugs, and implies they are less strong medications and does not last long in the body with their relative rates of elimination; Diclofenac 0.895l/kg/hr., arthemeter 2.6l/kg/hr. and quinine 2.4l/kg/hr.
K. Vishnuvardhan Reddy
Abstract:
Exercise training with varying intensity increases maximal oxygen intake (VO2max), a strong predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Purpose: The aim of this study was to find out the influence of low intensity aerobic training on the vo2 max in 11 to 14 years school girls in Hyderabad district. Methodology: The research scholar has randomly selected thirty (N=30) high school girls were selected as subjects and their age ranged between 11 to 14 years. The subjects were divided into two equal groups, each group consist of 15 total 30. Group one acted as experimental group (EG) and group two acted as control group (CG). The dependent variable vo2 max was selected and it is measured by manual test. Statistical Tool: The statistical tool paired sample „t‟ test was used for analysing of the data and the obtained „t‟ ratio was tested for significance at 0.05 level of confidence. Results: The analysis of the data revealed that there was a significant improvement on vo2 max by the application of low intensity aerobic.
Cesar E. Castañeda-Calzoncit, Denis A. Cabrera-Munguia, Jesús A. Claudio-Rizo, Dora A. Solís-Casados, Claudia M. López-Badillo
Abstract:
Metal-organic molybdenum complexes were synthesized by the hydrothermal method using ammonium heptamolybdate as the metallic source, and as the organic ligand terephthalic acid (BDC) or bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET), obtained via glycolysis of poly(ethylene)terephthalate (PET). The BDC-Mo and BHET-Mo complexes were characterized by XRD, N2 physisorption, TGA, ATR-FTIR, SEM, XPS and their in vitro biocompatibility was tested by porcine fibroblasts viability. The results show that molybdates (MoO4-2) are coordinated to the carbonyl functional groups of BDC and BHET by urea bonding (-NH-CO-NH-) which is related to their high biocompatibility and high thermal stability. These organic molybdate complexes possess rectangular prism particles made up of rods arrays characteristics of molybdenum oxides (MoO3). The organic complexes BDC-Mo and BHET-Mo do not show to be cytotoxic for porcine dermal fibroblasts growing on their surface for up to 48 h of culture.
A.R. Muhammad Naim Fadzli, Ahmad Arif I., Shahida H., Elixon S.S., Azzami Adam M.M., Khairol I.
Abstract:
Hybrid rice has the potential to outperform existing inbred rice and was said to have the potential to produce 14-20 % more yield. In response, Malaysia Government has introduced its very own first Hybrid Rice Variety knew as Kadaria 1 developed by MARDI. This is in line with one of the strategies outlined in Dasar Agromakanan Negara (DAN) 2011-2020 as an approach to increasing rice productivity within Malaysia. The next step would be developing our hybrid seed rice production system. Therefore, an experiment to determine the planting ratio and planting distance between 0025A (A)-a hybrid with MR283 (R)-inbreed variety was carried out. Planting ratios studied in this study were 2:4, 2:6, 2:8, and 2:10 while planting distance was 14 x 30 cm, 16 x 30 cm, and 18 x 30 cm. Statistical analyses suggested that yield R, yield A, and panicle number A were significantly affected by planting ratios while yield A was significantly affected by an interaction between planting distance and planting ratios. Panicle number A performed significantly higher at planting ratios of 2:4 compared to 2:10. Yield R shows higher significant performance under ratio 2:6 compared to 2:4 and 2:8. Relatively, yield A performed the best under planting distance of 18 x 30 cm. Furthermore, under this particular planting distance, the planting ratio of 2:10 shows the highest significant figure while 2:8 exhibits statistical parity. Both yield R and yield A were significantly affected by planting ratios and have a significant positive association with each other. Therefore, the planting ratio of 2:10 should be the best since it contributed to significantly highest value for yield A while yield R under 2:10 shows statistical parity with 2:6 which was the highest significant value. In conclusion, the combination of 2:10 with a planting distance of 18 x 30 cm was the best since it shows best potential for both yields A and yield R.
Alpha Cisse, Moussa Sall, Souleymane Dia, Ousmane Dieye, Mouhamed Seck, Saer Sarr, Mbacke Sembene
Abstract:
Cassava plays an important role in improving food security and reducing poverty in rural areas. Despite its importance, its production in Senegal remains low compared to other African countries. Nowadays, it is confronted with numerous constraints. It is in this context that a study was conducted on the cassava production system in the Thiès "cassava granary" region, with the objective of examining farmers' cultivation practices. It was conducted in eight communes located in the department of Tivaouane, some of which are located in the Niayes agro-ecological zone and others in the central-northern groundnut basin. Surveys were conducted among the largest cassava producers in these communes. Analysis of the results showed that cassava is only grown in the rainy season with the same cultivation practices that have been used for years. Of the five varieties listed by the President of the Senegalese Cassava Interprofession, only four are grown in the areas surveyed. The Terrasse (43%) and Kombo (36%) varieties are grown more by our respondents in the Niayes area. Soya (75%) and Wallet "Parydiey" (20% of our sample) dominate in the central-northern groundnut basin.
Yuvraj Pardeshi
Abstract:
Partial Integro Differential Equations (PIDEs) occur naturally in various fields of science and technology. The main purpose of this paper is to study how to solve linear partial integro differential equations with convolution kernel by using the Laplace-Differential Transform Method (LDTM). This method is a simple and reliable technique for solving such equations. The efficiency and reliability of this method is also illustrated with some examples. The result obtained by this method is compared with the result obtained by Double Laplace Transform and Double Elzaki Transform method.
Mohammed Ali Zahid, Aboobacker Sidhiq Madathil, Mohammed Sameer Baig
Abstract:
This paper focuses on the materials, working principle of a robotic vehicle which will be controlled with hand motion. The aim of this research is to enhance industrialization by creating a hand motion controlled robotic vehicle, since it uses hand motion it will be easier to use in automation and various industries. It is also very beneficial for people with disabilities since only hand motion is required. There were various materials that were used in the research. 2 microcontrollers, an accelerometer, RF modules, encoder, decoder, diode, motor driver IC, DC motor and batteries. The microcontrollers are small computers which can be programmed to be utilized in various different ways. The Accelerometer is a PCB or a sensor which detects speed. The RF modules are of two types which are transmitters and receivers and they are components which are used to send data and information wirelessly. The encoder and decoder are used to convert the binary to any n number of output terminals. The diode is used to send the electricity in one direction. The motor driver IC controls the DC motor from the information given by the microcontroller ICs and lastly a 9v Battery will be used to power the system. The arduino software will be used to program the IC so it can perform the required task. The gadget features a receiver circuit that is intended to be worn on top of the user's glove. The vehicle's circuit incorporates an RF receiver, an 8051 CPU, and a Driver IC to power the motors. This method is extremely useful for persons with impairments since it allows a robotic vehicle to drive itself using hand gestures. The person only needs to move his hand to move the car forward, backward, left, or right. As a result, the user is not required to push any buttons
Abbey D.M., A.N. Dibofori-Orji, Ihunwo O.C.
Abstract:
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that are mostly carcinogenic and mutagenic at low concentrations. They have pyrogenic, petrogenic, geogenic, anthropogenic, and industrial sources. PAHs bound in dust retained in air-conditioning unit filters from office and residential buildings in Bonny metropolis were analyzed using a Gas-chromatography Mass spectrometer. The average summation PAH (∑PAHs) in Bonny's office and Bonny's residential, areas were 39.52 and 21.14, mg/Kg respectively. Principal PAHs in Bonny Metropolis were acenaphthalene and naphthalene. Furthermore, carcinogenic summation (∑cPAH) from Bonny office and Bonny residential, areas were obtained as 14.87 and 8.10 mg/Kg respectively. PAH ratios such as low PAH over high PAH (LPAH/HPAH), Fluoranthene plus Pyrene FL/(FL + PYR), Anthracene plus Phenanthrene ANT/(ANT + PHE), Benz[a] anthracene plus Chrysene BaA/(BaA + CHR) across the metropolis depicts that the source of these contaminants are petrogenic and anthropogenic. Bonny metropolis tends to have higher PAH contaminants and high carcinogenic contaminants. This could be attributed to the dense industrial activities and uncontrolled emissions within the metropolis. Thus, the government should establish and enforce environmental regulations that curb industrial emissions within the studied metropolis.
Tantri Ristikawati, Abdullah Said, Endah Setyowati
Abstract:
This research intends to investigate the implementation and what indicator that is used in implementing the remuneration of government and non-government educational staff in the university with the general service institution status. This research is conducted in Faculty of Engineering, University of Brawijaya, Malang-Indonesia. Location shows that the social situation which is categorized by three unsure that are location that is Faculty of Engineering, University of Brawijaya, perpetrator that is educational staff of Engineering Faculty, University of Brawijaya that accepts the remuneration, and activity that is the remuneration process. The research method uses the models of Miles and Huberman that is through the process of data reduction, data presentation, conclusion, and triangulation. This research is hoped to be able to analyze how the implementation is by accurate, equitable, and feasible based on the staff performance and then to propose a recommendation of educational staff remuneration system, so the remuneration system later is applied regarding to the available principals and the rules that have been applied. The result shows that in reality, in the implementation of the remuneration based on the performance in Faculty of Engineering University of Brawijaya, there is still a problem such as there is a difference between the remuneration that is accepted by government and non-government employee. In addition, there has not been objective and transparent in giving the rating weight in the duty letter
Fashina Abiodun Matthew, Tamunobereton-Ari Iyeneomei, Ngeri Paddy A.
Abstract:
Geotechnical properties of the soil have been carried out at the construction site of an overhead bridge in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The project is a 230 m long overhead bridge crossing between first and second artillery in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Two tests that were carried out on the soil are the Atterberg limit test and particle size analysis test. The results reveal that the liquid limit is 36, 8, the plastic limit is 21.1 and the plasticity index is 15.7. This implies that the Atterberg limits are slightly above the recommended standard set by the Federal Ministry for Works and Housing, however, considering the swampy wet nature of the environment within the Port Harcourt Metropolis, the results obtained still fall within a range that can be worked with few modifications. The average diameter of the particles (D value) are D10=0.05, D30=0.17, D60=1.12 Cu=1.5 and Cc=0.5. The soil sample tested shows proper gradation since the coefficient of uniformity (Cu)>>4.
N. Dhana Lakshmi, Pranavi Nagubandi, Muralidhar Yelet, K.Vishnu Vardan
Abstract:
Facial Recognition is the most used technology nowadays. Apart from Bio-metrics, Iris scan, fingerprint recognition methodologies, facial recognition is emerging recognition methodology these days. One of the most effective applications of this methodology is automated attendance using facial recognition, which is contact less, secure, and effective unlike in tradition way (manual attendance) it saves more time. Methodology used in this project involves Viola-Jones algorithm for face detection and Eigenfaces approach for feature selection and classification. In Viola-jones algorithm inputs are taken as captured images of individual persons and produce a dataset containing cropped images of individual and these dataset is directed to Eigenfaces approach as input and training of data occurs through the process of calculating eigen vectors for each eigenface. At the time of testing, Euclidean distance between eigen vectors of testing image and eigen vectors of trained eigen faces determines the matched individual. Facial recognition can also be done with PCA, which has 79.6 percent accuracy, and LBPH, which has 90.23 percent accuracy. However, when employing the Eigenfaces technique, the accuracy is 93.07 percent. MATLAB software with Computer Vision Toolbox and Deep Learning Toolbox is used for this work.
Doan Ngoc Phuong, Nguyen Thi Phuong Thanh
Abstract:
Thermal cameras are useful devices, Today, advanced thermal imaging devices with high sensitivity are being developed and used, especially in the medical field (Lahiri et al., 2012). Products from the research results of the author group towards compact size, easy to handle, convenient to carry, low cost of implementation, monitoring range in the measuring area of the sensor eye up to 7 meters, the monitoring temperature zone can be limited, the color displayed is equivalent to the temperature zone, and the resolution of the thermal pixels can also be adjusted simply through the buttons. In order to expand the application range of research products, improve accuracy, reliability, increase resolution, etc., it is possible to use more measuring sensor eyes, use wireless communication networks, accurate image recognition and processing algorithms, large display screen to facilitate monitoring more clearly.
Le Quang Hieu, Truong Dinh Trang
Abstract:
Vinamilk is the leading enterprise of the dairy processing industry in Vietnam. In addition to product quality that many customers trust, Vinamilk's brand is also known by many famous and effective marketing strategies and campaigns. By observations and qualitative analysis with synthesis and inductive methods, and quantitative model (econometric), study results shows that first, Vinamilk can increase net profit through reducing cost and increasing sale. Also it needs policy to reduce inflation and risk free rate to increase its profit. Last but not least, one of its success factors is that Vinamilk is paying great attention to improving and supplementing its new product categories. And finally, the company also organized 3 distribution channels successfully.
Nguyen Dinh Trung, Nguyen Trong Diep, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy
Abstract:
The goal of this paper is to evaluate limitations of development of industrial clusters in Hanoi Vietnam. From that authors will propose suitable solutions for development plans of industrial clusters (CCN) in the region. Authors will use qualitative, analysis, synthesis research methods. Specifically, Among solutions is that we will recommend including but not limited to adjusting and extending the project implementation schedule for expired industrial clusters; procedures for land, site clearance; elaboration and appraisal of project feasibility study reports; environmental impact assessment report, etc. Next, Leaders of departments, agencies and chairpersons of People's Committees of districts and towns strengthen inspection, urge and take full responsibility before the city for the implementation of plans according to their assigned functions and tasks; implement solutions to remove obstacles, shorten at least 50% of the time to carry out administrative procedures as prescribed.
Le Quang Hieu, Nguyen Thi Loan
Abstract:
Online shopping is growing at the fastest rate and gradually becoming a popular and trusted shopping channel of customers around the world, in which, the customer group accounts for a large proportion and tends to lead consumer behavior. Current and future online is generation Z. Therefore, this article focuses on analyzing factors affecting online shopping behavior of Gen Z in Vietnam, thereby proposing solutions to help businesses continue to approach and conquer this group of potential customers. To achieve the goal, the study conducted an online survey of 374 Gen Z e-buyers by means of convenient sampling nationwide, combined with the use of SPSS 25.0 software in factor analysis and linear regression analysis. Research results show that, STT, TDU are the factors that have a decisive impact on the online shopping behavior of Gen Z buyers.
Dang Cong Vinh Master, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Nguyen Huong Sang, Vo Danh Thin
Abstract:
During the past years, there are many corporate scandals in financial and non-financial sectors all over the world, esp. In Vietnam financial and banking market as well, which represents a weak corporate governance structure. The application of quality management in corporate governance has not been tested, checked and show its effectiveness. The aim of this paper is to present a set of comparative corporate governance standards in some Northern Asian countries including: Singapore and Pakistan. With the use of qualitative combined with comparative analysis method, there are strengths and weaknesses in these codes or practices which will be identified in this paperwork. And we can use the results as reference to strengthen Vietnam bank management and governance. Therefore, this paper not only identifies different points in latest corporate governance standard principles and systems in the above two (2) countries, but also provides with a summary of evaluation of current corporate governance systems in these above countries which may enable relevant organizations in re-evaluating their current ones. In addition, this study identified main quality and sub-quality factors of corporate governance system toward a better leadership combined with sustainability for firms. Last but not least, it aims to illustrate a limited comparative set of standards of Northern Asian corporate governance, and give proper recommendations to relevant governments and institutions toward a sustainable practices in business life.
Seema B S, Vijaya Kumar Y M, Yashaswini L, Natraj R L
Abstract:
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the predominant greenhouse gas resulting from human industrial Activities. A significant fraction of CO2 discharged into the atmosphere comes from Industry point sources. Cement production alone contributes approximately 5% of global CO2 emissions. This emitted carbon dioxide, however, can be partially recycled into mortar through early age curing to form thermodynamically stable calcium carbonates. The carbonation reaction between carbon dioxide and appropriate calcium Compounds results in permanent fixation of the carbon dioxide in a thermodynamically stable calcium carbonate. Carbon dioxide and water can be found in almost every environment and thus all concretes will be subjected to carbonation. The experimental study on water cured and CO2 specimens for compression strength were carried out. The results show that mortar cubes has achieved increasing value as comparing with water curing.
Sr.J. Rani, G. Glorindal, Ignatius A Herman
Abstract:
Digital image compression is a modern technology which comprises of wide range of use in different fields as in machine learning, medicine, research and many others. Many techniques exist in image processing. This paper aims at the analysis of compression using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) by using special methods of coding to produce enhanced results. DCT is a technique or method used to transform pixels of an image into elementary frequency component. It converts each pixel value of an image into its corresponding frequency value. There has to be a formula that has to be used during compression and it should be reversible without losing quality of the image. These formulae are for lossy and lossless compression techniques which are used in this project. The research test Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) using a set of brain images. During program execution, original image will be inserted and then some algorithms will be performed on the image to compress it and a decompressing algorithm will execute on the compressed file to produce an enhanced lossless image.
Vijaya Kumar Y M, Seema B S, Natraj R L, Yashaswini L
Abstract:
The global gas emission is keeping on increasing for which cement industry alone contributes 5%. The enormous water is required for curing of concrete in construction industry which can effectively be used for various purposes. The accelerated carbonation curing shows a way to reduce these emissions in a very effective way by sequestering it in concrete elements. In this paper the effect of accelerated carbonation curing was reviewed on non-reinforced concrete elements (cubes) and reinforced concrete elements (prisms). The CO2 curing showed 60% in strength of cubes and prisms, respectively when compared to water cured specimens. This early age strength through waste gas proves beneficial in terms of reducing in atmospheric pollution and saving the water which is a critical resource now-a-days.
Apar Gupta, G.R. Vaisshalli
Abstract:
For a long time, robots have been used in the healthcare industry, mostly behind the scenes. In hospitals, the spectrum of robotic applications has significantly increased over the last five years to include helpful applications for doctors, nurses, and patients. In medicine, robots assist by removing routine duties from medical personnel's schedules, allowing them to focus on more important activities, and by making medical treatments safer and less expensive for patients. They can also do precise surgery in small spaces and transport hazardous materials.
Bui Xuan Vuong
Abstract:
This work presents the extraction of hydroxyapatite (HA) material from goat bone by thermal treatment. The raw goat-bone was heated at 750°C for 6 hours to achieve the fine powder. The obtained powder was characterized by using several physical-chemical methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transmitted infra-red (FTIR), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and Brunauer emmett teller (BET) methods. In addition, the synthetic powder was also tested for microbiological property. The obtained results confirmed the purity and crystallinity of HA material. The microbiological test confirmed the safety and hygiene of extracted HA without harmful-bacteria presence. The thermal treatment used in this work, is simply and efficiency method for HA extraction.
Saveela Salam, Muzamil Jan
Abstract:
Socio-Economic Status (SES) is an obscure perception of two diverse phases, the sociological phase and the economic phase. The sociological phase includes class or place surrounded by a communal stratification and the financial phase includes assets such as, livelihood, earnings as well as possessions. Tribal women contain multidimensional roles and household tasks in their families but she is still lagging behind. The present study was carried out in Kashmir valley to analyze the Socio Economic Status of tribal women in respective to their categories, educational status and marital status. Out of 2, 19,774 tribal women in Kashmir valley, 1031 tribal women were taken by applying proportionate stratified random sampling technique. To collect information, a standardized scale “Socio Economic Scale” constructed by Kalia and Sahu was administered during the data collection. The results of the present study reveal that tribal women in Kashmir have low socio cultural, economic, health and educational status.
S. Malar, D. Maniazhagu
Abstract:
The purpose of study was to find out the effect of circuit training combined with speed agility quickness drills and jump rope drills on agility. To achieve the purpose of the study, thirty school boys from different schools from of Alagappa Sports Foundation at Karaikudi, were selected as subject at random. Their age group range between 11 to 14 years. The study was formulated as pre and post test random group design, in which thirty subject were divided into three equal groups. The experimental group-1 (n=10, CT-SAQD) underwent circuit training combined with speed agility, and quickness drills, the experimental group-2 (n=10, CT-JRD) underwent through circuit training combined with Jump Rope Drills and group 3 served as a control group (n=10, CG) did not undergo any specific training. In this study, two training programme were adopted as independent variable, i.e., circuit training combined with speed agility quickens and circuit training combined with jump rope drills. The agility was selected as dependent variable. It was measured by T test in seconds. The selected two treatment groups were performed five days in a week for the period of six weeks, as per the stipulated training program. The data was collected before and after the training period. The collected pre and post data was critically analyzed with apt statistical tool of analysis of co-variance, for observed the significant adjusted post-test mean difference of three groups. The Scheffe’s post hoc test was used to find out pair-wise comparisons between groups. To test the hypothesis 0.05 level of significant was fixed. The performance of the agility better in circuit training combined with the drills of speed, agility and quickness than the circuit training combined with the drills of jump rope.
Ar. Sumit Wadhera, Ms. Ashwarya Chauhan
Abstract:
The growing concern of global warming and the subsequent impact on our planet has made the individuals to focus on their own practices at home and their workplace and how they contribute to the Earth‟s health. As a result, environment friendly interior design is a growing trend wherein the implementation of sustainable practices can impact your carbon footprint and keep excess pollution out of air, water and landfills. Thus, switching towards “green” design can improve the overall health and well-being of the planet. This paper shall focus on the various aspects of the interior design elements that can impact the environment and the subsequent factors that should be kept in mind while designing any space to minimize the adverse impact on the living environment.
Imikanasua D., Tamunobereton-Ari I, Ngeri A.P.
Abstract:
Well log data was used in this study to assess reservoir properties of field "D" in the southern area of the Niger Delta. For successful petrophysical evaluation, three hydrocarbon-bearing reservoirs (reservoirs A, B, and C) were identified and correlated. The following metrics were tested to determine reservoir properties: porosity, permeability, shale volume, fluid saturation, and net pay thickness. The calculated reservoir property values indicate high reservoir quality. Porosity readings in well OTIG 2 are almost the same, averaging 20%, but values in wells OTIG 7 and OTIG 9 vary from 14-20%. The reservoirs' average permeability was greater than 100md. However, in wells OTIG 2 and OTIG 9, values steadily decline with depth due to compaction caused by the overburden pressure of the underlying rock. Hydrocarbon saturation values in well OTIG 2 are almost the same, averaging 60%, but vary from 60-70% in well OTIG 7 as well as 48-55% in well OTIG 9. Water saturation values in well OTIG 2 are almost the same, averaging 40%, but range from 30-40% in well OTIG 7 and 45-52% in well OTIG 9. The average bulk volume water values in well OTIG 2 are almost the same, averaging 8%, but range from 6-8% in well OTIG 7 and 7-9% in well OTIG 9. There is some evidence that reservoirs A, B, and C in well OTIG 2 are one continuous sand body. This is due to the fact that their porosity, bulk volume water, hydrocarbon saturation, and water saturation values are all roughly the same, and their depth values are all quite similar. The bulk volume water values support the hypothesis that these formations are homogeneous and near irreducible water saturation. The reservoirs found in the field contain hydrocarbons.
Uchenna P. Ogodo, Olufunso O. Abosede
Abstract:
Co-crystals have become an area of research interest for pharmaceutical drug improvements due to their characteristic nature in modifying the physico-chemical properties of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) with the aid of a co-former. Co-crystals improve the solubility, dissolution rate, melting point, and stability of the API without changing the chemical identity nor diminishing the biological activity or the therapeutic effect of the API. This work reports the green synthetic approach to synthesize Diclofenac-Urea (DUREA) co-crystal using a benign solvent and stirring at room temperature, all in an environmentally friendly manner. The synthesis of DUREA was accomplished by reaction of a 1:1 molar ratio of diclofenac potassium and urea and the product gave a white crystalline compound with an excellent yield (91%). The product (DUREA) was structurally characterized using melting point, UV/VIS, and FT-IR spectrophotometry. The antimicrobial activity of the co-crystal was tested against Salmonella typi and Proteus mirablis.
Shilpa Kulkarni, Pralahad Mahagaonkar
Abstract:
In this paper we have been discussed the analysis of solving inductance L and resistance R circuit by using first order linear differential equation and also solved numerical methods. Here we have choosen a L-R circuit and assigned the constant values of voltage, inductance and resistance and by assigning the different values for time, the results of current have been studied by the differential equation. Introducing the higher values in the above circuit of first order differential equation, the obtained results were compared with numerical method, RK Method and Taylor’s Series method, the obtained results were in the divergent values.
Jazmín E. Gutierrez-Reyes, Martín Caldera-Villalobos, Juan J. Becerra-Rodriguez, Denis A. Cabrera-Munguía, Jesús A. Claudio-Rizo
Abstract:
Natural gums based on polysaccharides such as guar gum, gum arabic and xanthan gum possess structure and properties that have been used for various applications in pharmaceutical, food and biomedicine. Due to their high presence of hydroxyl and/or carboxylate groups in their glycosidic skeletons, they can retain water molecules, forming matrices in the hydrogel state. These hydrogels have high biocompatibility that has been exploited in the biomedical field in strategies as controlled release of therapeutic agents, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering and modulation of cell growth. The objective of this review is to detail the chemical characteristics of natural gums and their use for the design of different hydrogel systems for applications in biomedicine.
Sara L. Carrillo-Cortés, Jesús A. Claudio-Rizo, Nidia G. Burciaga-Montemayor, Martín Caldera-Villalobos
Abstract:
The aim of this work was to study the adsorption properties of interpenetrating polymeric networks (IPNs) based on alginate, collagen, and two different polyurethanes (ACP(HDI), ACP(IPDI)) for the removal of textile dyes from aqueous solutions and wastewaters. The interaction of ACP(HDI) and ACP(IPDI) with methylene blue (BB9), malachite green (BG4), indigo carmine (AB74), and Congo red (DR28) was studied by adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms. Concentration profiles revealed a fast removal of dyes from aqueous solutions reaching the equilibrium after 4 h of contact. ACP(IPDI) removed up to 87 ± 0.5% of BG4 and the removal efficiency for the other dyes was lower. Experimental data fit the pseudo-second-order model showing that the removal process is controlled by diffusion. Adsorption isotherms were described by the Freundlich’s model observing concave up isotherms. Results showed that IPNs obtained from the polyurethane containing P(IPDI) cyclic moieties are better for dye removal than those obtained from the P(HDI) acyclic polyurethane.
Vo Thuy Vi, Bui Xuan Vuong
Abstract:
This work presents the study of 60SiO2-(36-x)CaO-4P2O5-xZnO (x=1, 3, 5 mol.%) glasses synthesized by a modified sol-gel method based on a hydrothermal reaction. The thermal morphology of the glass systems was evaluated by the Thermogravimetric analysis-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DSC) method. The in vitro assay for dissolution was evaluated by the Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) method. Biocompatibility testing was performed with L-929 fibroblast cells. The results show that the ZnO-doped glass systems show good bioactivity and biocompatibility.
Joseph Johnson, Audu Danladi Naomi
Abstract:
In nature, wild animals live on large area and have consequently, a low genetic resistance against parasitic infections because of hoe exposure. When herds of these wild animals are kept in captivity in Zoological Gardens, the problem of parasite infection can aggravate and pose a serious threat to endangered species, occasionally causing sudden and unexpected local declines in abundance; unfortunately, there have been few detailed and comprehensive studies on the common parasitic infections, prevalence of the parasitic infections in the primates and the Health care management of the captive primates. The focus of the research work is on investigation of parasitic infection among primates in selected Zoological Gardens in Nigeria the researcher has the following objectives, The researcher adopted experimental method sample of fresh feaces were collected differently for 5 days and was examined at two different laboratory, that Ibadan and Jos. The Ibadan Zoological Garden twenty seven species of primates were examined, with only six infested with Trichuris Trichuria parasite; common in chimpanzee, mona monkey, Tantalus and white throated. In Jos Plateau Zoological Garden, twenty-four species of primates were examined only thirteen primates were infested with Trichuris Trichuria, F buskii, Eimeria, Ascaris Lumbricoides, S. mansoni, Hetrophyes, Those infested, are Red patas, softy mongabey, Baboon, Mona Monkey, Tantalus, and Chimpanzee. Kano Zoological Garden, thirty species of primates were examined, only eleven were infested with Ascaris Lumbricoides, Eimeria, Trichuris Trichuria, Fasciola those infested are Baboon, Chimpanzee, Mona Monkey, Patas, Tantalus Monkeys. All the above examination of the faecal sample material, a direct wet smear was used to reveal the parasites; examined with a how power objective (10x).
Mounika Jammula
Abstract:
Whenever new algorithms are designed intruders try to break the key with the help of attack models. No algorithm is perfect against all attacks. But DES irrespective of its small key size, it has been considered to be strong design cipher till today. Designers of DES guaranteed a security margin of 2 power 56. If any attack which is essentially better than 2 power 56 search then that considered to be attack. To crack DES attackers need to spend $ 220000 so that the key can be revealed in 56 hours. But for digital transactions if the key can expire for less than 5 minutes it‟s difficult to crack. If this is the case with DES then it will be much more difficult to break Triple DES, which uses 112 bits of key size. The problem with Triple DES is having more rounds, which takes more processing time and space. Not only cryptography, even Light Weight Cryptography needs low processing time and space. Hence a new algorithm named ternary DES is proposed which requires only 56-bit key and 16 rounds. Ternary DES has the advantage of DES with the same key space and number of rounds, and advantage of Triple DES with difficult to break. To propose new algorithms for solving security issues many constraints we need to take into account. With one algorithm we can solve one or a few issues but not all.
Waleed Ezzat Madboly, Magdi Gebril Shehata, Michael Sobhy M. Nashed, Ahmed M. Abu-Dief
Abstract:
Recently, the prevention and treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) complications consider as major obstacles to reducing HCV outbreaks worldwide. Therefore, it is crucial to develop a new alternative therapy for HCV infection with low cost and low side effects. A smart device termed a Life Restoration Device (LRD) was designated to produce a low potential codified amount of ions. The specified codified amount of ions produced from LRD are designated to exterminate HCV. To investigate our hypothesis, we designated an experimental system for in-vitro studies. This system is composed of a glass tube that can be filled with HCV polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive serum. The result of this study showed that LRD can decrease the viral load of HCV PCR-positive serum to 99% after 2 hrs treatment. The viral load reduction of the LRD against low HCV PCR count was almost similar to that of high HCV PCR count. Furthermore, the efficacy of LRD to reduce the serum viral load after 30 min or 60 min treatment was 74%or 95% respectively while the viral load after2 hrs treatment was about 91%. The electron microscopy investigation of HCV PCR-positive serum after treatment with LRD showed degenerated HCV particles compared with the non-treated virus. The in vitro treatment of the HCV PCR-positive serum with LRD didn’t affect the blood contents such as red blood cells count, white blood cells count and hemoglobin levels. The sincerity of the codified amount of ions produced by LRD may affect the fragile fluidity of the viral envelope. Treatment of hepatitis viruses with a codified amount of ions is a new alternative therapy but needs more studies. It is crucial to develop an effective alternative viral therapy using such kind of technology to reduce the antiviral drugs side effects.
Abhay Singh
Abstract:
Inhibition action of Neem leaves (Azadirachta Indica) extract on the corrosion of 304 stainless steel in 1.0M sulphuric acid solution has been investigated. The investigations were carried out using weight loss method and Scanning Election Microscopy (SEM) analysis. The results showed that the corrosion inhibition efficiency increases with increase in concentration of Neem leaves extract while it decreases with increase of temperature. SEM images indicated that the metal surface was in a better condition in the presence of inhibitor than the specimen exposed in the absence of the inhibitor. Results confirmed that Neem leaves extract acts as an efficient green corrosion inhibitor for 304 stainless steel in 1.0M sulphuric acid solution
Idika D.I., Ndukwe N.A., Ogukwe C.E.
Abstract:
The impact of flow rate and bed height on the adsorption behavior of methylene blue, Bismarck browny, and indigo dyes on to Cedrus libani was investigated. The biomass was characterized by scanning electron microscopy as well as Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy before and after adsorption to ascertain the functional groups responsible for the adsorption. The amount of dye adsorbed per unit mass of the biomass (qe) was calculated and was found to be dependent on the variables investigated within the experimental range. It was discovered that increase in bed height and flow rate increased the value of the dye adsorbed on to the biomass. The results obtained show that methylene blue dye adsorbed more onto the biomass, while indigo dye adsorbed at the least level.
Abbey Minaibim Ellerton, Tamunoberetonari Iyeneomie, Horsfall Opiriyabo Ibim
Abstract:
Around the world, groundwater is a key source of water. Because its reliance is growing, it is critical to ensure that a sufficient supply of high-quality drinking water is available. We explored the shallow aquifer in Rumuohia community in Emohua local government area, Rivers State, Nigeria, with the goal of using seismic refraction to delineate depth to the shallow aquifer and geological structure of the terrain at five selected areas. The result of the research reveals two strata with sand-gravel and clay lithologies. Layer 1 is clay, with an average velocity of 274.83 m/s and a thickness range of 4.88m to 9.98m at an average of 7m in all five locations. Layer 2 is composed up of sandy clay in Mina 1 and Mina 3. Clay is found in Mina 2, while sand with gravel (dry) is found in Mina 4 and Mina 5, implying a potential aquifer with an average velocity of 422.63 m/s. The presence of sand indicates a productive aquifer, while clay acts as a stopper for the sand, which is prone to compaction due to overburden pressure. The study area is generally a favorable location for a borehole with a high likelihood of providing drinkable water.
S.Tephillah Vasantham, B. Shanmugapriya
Abstract:
Shampoos shed a wide role in beauty products. Twenty years back, half over the beauty objects like shampoos were regarded as luxuries. But now, those bear grow to be so necessary piece goods in imitation of the consumers. Everybody wishes after hold a tidy then stunning hair, then that he are the use of shampoos as help to maintain a fair yet healthful hair. Today the shampoo marketplace is very jam-packed or geared up because of labor then consequently numerous businesses are making an attempt in accordance with seize the demand together with their modern-day expertise. Each invention is various via excellence, cost, perfume, volume, wrapping. This paper aims after recognize touching the Retailer’s desire closer to a range of manufacturers of shampoo. The goal about the assignment is according to discipline the factors influencing the choice concerning shampoo products between retailers. For that study, 112 shops had been viewed as sample. The data is collected using a structured questionnaire. Here, the records gathered thru questionnaire was analyzed using equipment existing in SPSS software. They were enquired touching the fast shifting shampoo, focus or preferences concerning shampoo products. For the evaluation purpose, statistical equipment and strategies kind of Chi-Square, Regression yet Weighted Average are used. Many shops were conscious on shampoo products. Retailers make buy of shampoo products majorly out of the distributors. They are extraordinarily cozy together with their retailers. The speedy shifting shampoo is health center summation into dominance concerning retail access with the SKU’s on sachets. Among the retailers, they particularly opt for branded or quickly transferring shampoo in their retail outlet. They are noticeably comfy with the quantity, quality, shipping of manufacture regarding age without somebody damage, advertisement on shampoo accomplish shops to advise the product in imitation of customers, base potential customers,is an added advantage, though the outlets section a excellent kin with the clients yet distributors. Making excellent counsel including educated distributor helps them within after period condition even is bitch between product, namely it offers to them excessive satisfaction.
Ismail K, Ismail A.A., Husin M.A.
Abstract:
The study mainly to find out the effect of activated biomass on the yield of 10 years of Ceylon tall coconut plants at bris soil to develop a fertilizer mixture that supports plant productivity. The activated biomass was derived from coconut fronds and empty fruit bunch which were air-dried and carbonized in a stainless steel fabricated kiln at a temperature between 250oC-350oC for 4 h to develop the activated biomass. Seven treatments including control were selected. Measurements of yield parameters viz., fruit weight, nut weight, husk weight, water volume, fruit perimeter, fruit length, flesh thickness and the number of nuts increased were conducted every 2 months. There are significant differences at (P<0.05) were observed in some yield parameters, percent of nut increased, flesh thickness and fruits parameter were highest at T3. The treatment of T6 shows the highest records of fruits length, water volume, the weight of fruits, and husks weight. T7 recorded the highest reading of stem diameter. Further field evaluations are needed to determine the relationship of the level of activated biomass with the different level amount of NPK supply in inducing the nutrient availability and soil microbial.
G.R. Vaisshalli, Apar Gupta
Abstract:
The most fundamental expectation from the healthcare sector is that it provides a safe and reliable environment to serve patients. Medical supplies and equipment have also improved with technological advancements, making them easier to use, providing a better experience, and increasing their longevity. With advancement in technology, medical services can also be tracked for efficiency.
Page of 4
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top