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Results in Journal MEDIAGRO: 33

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, Shofia Nur Awami, Aniya Widiyani
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
Gembong subdistrict is producing coffee area in Pati Regency which is processed into black coffee powder and green coffee powder. This research aims to know the value-added, income and eligibility processing robusta coffee. The basic method of research used descriptive method. Location retrieval methods of research with purposive sampling. Sampling of respondents by the census method, data collection by way of interviews, observation and record-keeping. The data analysis methods are added value, cost, revenue and earnings, and also feasibility analysis BEP and R/C. The results showed there was a difference in the average of ratio value added processing black and green coffe powder they are 43.52% and 48.06%, the average revenues of coffee powder processing black and green respectively is Rp. 360.592/PP one week and Rp. 580.313/PP one week, the average of breakeven black coffee powder and green coffe powder a value of BEP (Production) 10.90 kg and 4.91 kg (the real are 12.48 kg and 6.84 kg), BEP (Price) of Rp. 90.813/kg and Rp. 154.489/kg (the real are Rp. 104,000/kg and Rp. 215,000/kg) and BEP (Acceptance) of Rp. 751.431/PP one week and Rp.379.426/PP one week (the real are Rp. 1.297.920/PP one week and Rp.1.470.600/PP one week), and R/C value of black dan green coffee powder processing are 1.38 and 1.65. Keywords : Value Added, Robusta Coffee, Black Coffee, Green Coffee, Gembong
, Agus Setiadi, Warsono Sarengat
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
The purpose of this research were to know level of profit, capability of getting profit, capability of return investment, time capability of return investment, capability to know ratio of getting profit from production cost on Suroso Farm of layer chicken. The data which to be analyzed was primary data taken from interview and secondary data taken from institution. This research use kind of type financial analyzed Return On Investment (ROI), Payback Periode (PP), dan Benefit Cost Ratio (BC Ratio). The result of analyzed show rate of population Suroso Farm 35.870, ROI 68%, PP value to return investment 1 year and BC ratio 2,6. That means this company Suroso Farm is feasible to be going on and profitable. Keywords: ROI, PP, BC ratio.
, Farhan Wardhana Majing
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
This research aimed to know the differences influence the frequency of watering fermentation liquid waste green tea on early growth of rubber plant seed. This research method using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) non factorial, i.e. the granting of fermentation liquid waste green tea with a dose of 10 ml/poly bag with 3 treatment. As for the extent of the treatments given are control (P0), the frequency of watering every two weeks (P2), the frequency of watering every four weeks (P4). Each treatment was repeated five times so that there are 15 units of the experiment. Each unit is comprised of 1 trial crops so that there is a total of 15 plants. The giving of liquid organic fertilizer from waste liquid fermented green tea can enhance plant growth include rubber, i.e. plant height, number of leaves, green leaves, heavy wet and dry long & root plant rubber. On treatment of P2 (the frequency of watering every two weeks) show the highest results and good than P0 treatment (control) and P4 (the frequency of watering every four weeks). Keywords: fermentation, tea liquid waste, liquid organic fertilizer.
, C Budiarti, S M Sayuthi
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of baking soda as a supplement of dairy cattle feed on blood sugar, lactose, and milk production. This study used the dairy cow FH lactation of the 2nd lactation period of 5th month lactation and 6th lactation of 12 with 2-3 years old. Dairy cow FH lactation has a weight of 389.17 ± 27 kg. The treatment used was the addition of baking soda with the level of 0.8% and 1.0%. This study used a ration consisting of soybean meal, corn, brand, meat bone meal, lactoplus and forage grass uganda feed. This study used a complete randomized design consisting of 3 replication and 4 treatments. The data obtained were analyzed using variance analysis and F test at 5% level. The results showed that the addition of baking soda as supplement had no significant effect on blood sugar, lactose, and milk (P> 0,05), but it can increase milk production without supplementation (T0). The conclusion of this research is that the addition of baking soda at the level of 0.8 and 1.0% has no significant effect on blood sugar, lactose, and cow milk production. Keywords: Baking soda,blood sugar,lactose and production of diary milk
Nika Shella Agustin, Renan Subantoro, Rossi Prabowo
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
Horticultural crops are that have great prospects subsectors, due to their high demand and relatively high commercial value. The purposes of this research were to determine revenues, incomes, RC Ratios, and to compare the income levels and RC Ratios of seedling both Varieties of Servo and Larisa. The research method used in this research was a descriptive analytical method, and the sampling method applied to it was a purposive sampling. This research was conducted in the Banyukuning Village, Bandungan District, Semarang Regency. Fifteen respondents were taken in this research and using the census method, all of these respondents were farmers who were actively seedling tomato. The data was obtained from primary and secondary data by conducting observation, interview, questionnaire, documentation, recording, and literature review. The analytical methods used feasibility analysis and statistical analysis (independent sample t-test). The analysis showed that Servo succeeded to obtain revenue of Rp.4,971,400.- while Larisa gained Rp.1,369,000.-. In relation to income, the first variety reached Rp.1,938,048.18, while the later earned Rp.519,438.39. Additionally, the value of R/C of Servo variety was 1.62, while that of Larisa variety was 1.55. Between Servo and Larisa Varieties in terms of revenue there is significant difference, while in terms of the value of R/C there is no significant difference. Key words: Seedling, Revenue, income, Feasibility, comparisons.
Fuad Hanif Nurcholis, Lutfi Aris Sasongko, Aniya Widiyani
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
Shredded-catfish processing business is a business that produces floss with raw catfish as the main ingredient. The business of shredded-catfish in Boyolali Regency located in Kampung Lele, Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District. Shredded-catfish become the superior product in Boyolali and the surrounding areas. The purpose of this research are to determine the total production costs, the level of revenue, income, and feasibility of the shredded-catfish processing business in Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District, Boyolali Regency. The basic method that used in research was using descriptive analitycal method. Determination of the sample location was carried out purposely in Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District, Boyolali Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data retrieval method used are interview, observation and recording. There are 23 respondents in this study from some business groups i.e Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang. Data analysis method used are cost, revenue, income, R/C and BEP analysis. Research result from the study of shredded-catfish processing business in Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang business group for one month respectively cost as much as Rp 24.043.591; Rp 26.055.548; and Rp 8.397.784. Those total cost consist of the cost of raw materials, fuel, packaging, depreciation of equipment, employee wages and electricity. Karmina group produces 276 kg of shredded catfish at a price of Rp 120.000/kg. Pamuji Group produces 336 kg of shredded catfish at a price of Rp 110.000/kg. Alang-Alang group produces 120 kg at a price of Rp 110.000/kg, so the total revenue of the Karmina group is Rp 33.120.000; Pamuji group’s total revenue is Rp 36.960.000; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 13.200.000. Total income of Karmina group is Rp 9.076.408; Pamuji group is Rp 10.904.451; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 4.802.215. The R/C values of the Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang business group are respectively 1,37; 1.41; 1.57, so the business is feasible to do. The BEP unit value in the Karmina group is 100,36 kg, Pamuji group is 236,86 kg and Alang-Alang group is 76,34 kg, while the BEP price value in the Karmina group is Rp. 87,114.44; Pamuji group is Rp 77,546.27; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 69,981,53. Keywords: business analysis, shredded-catfish, R/C, BEP
Fuad Hanif Nurcholis, Lutfi Aris Sasongko, Aniya Widiyani
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
Shredded-catfish processing business is a business that produces floss with raw catfish as the main ingredient. The business of shredded-catfish in Boyolali Regency located in Kampung Lele, Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District. Shredded-catfish become the superior product in Boyolali and the surrounding areas. The purpose of this research are to determine the total production costs, the level of revenue, income, and feasibility of the shredded-catfish processing business in Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District, Boyolali Regency. The basic method that used in research was using descriptive analitycal method. Determination of the sample location was carried out purposely in Tegalrejo Village, Sawit District, Boyolali Regency. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data retrieval method used are interview, observation and recording. There are 23 respondents in this study from some business groups i.e Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang. Data analysis method used are cost, revenue, income, R/C and BEP analysis. Research result from the study of shredded-catfish processing business in Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang business group for one month respectively cost as much as Rp 24.043.591; Rp 26.055.548; and Rp 8.397.784. Those total cost consist of the cost of raw materials, fuel, packaging, depreciation of equipment, employee wages and electricity. Karmina group produces 276 kg of shredded catfish at a price of Rp 120.000/kg. Pamuji Group produces 336 kg of shredded catfish at a price of Rp 110.000/kg. Alang-Alang group produces 120 kg at a price of Rp 110.000/kg, so the total revenue of the Karmina group is Rp 33.120.000; Pamuji group’s total revenue is Rp 36.960.000; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 13.200.000. Total income of Karmina group is Rp 9.076.408; Pamuji group is Rp 10.904.451; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 4.802.215. The R/C values of the Karmina, Pamuji and Alang-Alang business group are respectively 1,37; 1.41; 1.57, so the business is feasible to do. The BEP unit value in the Karmina group is 100,36 kg, Pamuji group is 236,86 kg and Alang-Alang group is 76,34 kg, while the BEP price value in the Karmina group is Rp. 87,114.44; Pamuji group is Rp 77,546.27; and Alang-Alang group is Rp 69,981,53. Keywords: business analysis, shredded-catfish, R/C, BEP
Sinaga R P, E Suprijatna, S Kismiati
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
The research aims to determine the influence of using Salvinia molesta with multienzyme additive in rations of tegal duck performans. This research uses 72 Tegal female ducks 22 weeks old. Feed ingredients used in the reasearch consisted of corn, soybean meal, oil, bran, fish meal, premix, methionine, lysine, Salvinia molesta and multienzyme additives. The reasearch was conducted with Completely Randomized Design with 6 treatments and 4 replications of the study. Each experimental unit consists of 3 ducks. Ransum namely: T0: feed without Salvinia molesta and enzyme; T1: feed without Salvinia molesta + multienzim; T2: feed with Salvinia molesta. 5% + without multienzymes; T3: feed with Salvinia molesta. 5% + multienzim; T4: feed with Salvinia molesta. 7,5% + multienzim; T5: feed with Salvinia molesta. 10% + multienzim. The result showed no significant treatment (P> 0,05) to consumtion of ration, feed conversion and Tegal duck eeg weightbut have an effect on hen day production (P
Dwi Umi Mulyaningsih, W D Prastiwi, W Sarengat
Published: 4 March 2020
Abstract:
The research intends to know the cost and income broiler breeders in Semarang City. Reasearch obtained by breeders in Gunungpati district and Mijen district. The method use in this research is survey method with purposive sampling method. The study look place from January until February 2015. Data collection consisted of primary and secondary data. Primary data obtained from the observation and interviews of respondents. The results of this study show calculation there is no difference in cost and income between broiler breeders in Gunungpati district with Mijen district. The results show that the average cost of broiler breeders in Gunungpati district Rp 198.003.520,04 and in Mijen district Rp 183.488.974,87 and the average income of broiler breeders in Gunungpati district Rp 14.422.095 and in Mijen district Rp 17.209.832. There is no difference in cost broiler breeders in Gunungpati district and Mijen district with significance value 0,627>0,05, and there is no difference in income broiler breeders in Gunungpati district and Mijen district with significance 0,653>0,05. Keywords: Broiler chicken, cost, income, breeders.
N P Cahyaningtyas, Edy Prasetyo, W Sarengat
Published: 28 November 2019
Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi (meliputi jumlah DOC, pakan ternak, tenaga kerja, listrik dan vaksin) menghitung biaya, penerimaan, dan pendapatan serta, menganalisis pengaruh faktor-faktor produksi terhadap pendapatan usaha ternak ayam broiler pola kemitraan di Kecamatan Gunungpati Kota Semarang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey. Survey yaitu penelitian yang mengambil sampel dari populasi dan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat pengumpulan data. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan Random Sampling dan pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan observasi dan wawancara dengan bantuan kuisioner. Analisis pengujian ini dilakukan dengan uji regresi linier berganda. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan biaya produksi paling tinggi diperoleh peternak dari PT Mustika yaitu sebesar Rp.1.603.339.108,- per seribu ekor, PT Malindo Rp. 148.813.906,- per seribu ekor, PT Umi Perkasa Rp. 170.429.177,- per seribu ekor, PT HBS Rp. 67.759.535,- per seribu ekor. Sedangkan jumlah pendapatan tertinggi di peroleh peternak PT Mustika sebesar Rp. 275.497.310,- sedangkan pendapatan terendah diperoleh peternak PT Malindo sebesar Rp. 242.293.518,-. Secara keseluruhan rerata pendapatan per tahun peternak di Kecamatan Gunungpati mencapai Rp 266.876.566,-. Secara serempak variabel-variabel jumlah DOC, tenaga kerja, pakan, listrik dan vaksin berpengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel dependen pendapatan. Secara parsial hanya variabel jumlah DOC yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel pendapatan. Sedangkan variabel tenaga kerja, pakan, listrik dan vaksin berpengaruh tidak signifikan terhadap variabel pendapatan. Kata kunci : Ayam broiler, Biaya Produksi, Pendapatan.
, K. Budiraharjo, D. Sumarjo
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
The purpose of this research are to determine the factors that affect the volume of premium rice sales of Perum Bulog Sub Division Regional Region V Kedu and to know the effect of rice quality and price on it. Method that been used in this research is case study. Data collection used observation and interview method. Data source uses primary data and secondary data. Data analyze uses multiple linear regression analysis. The results of the research show that quality and price have simultaneous and partial effect on the sales volume of premium rice and both of them have same effect on sales volume of premium rice.Keywords: Premium rice, Bulog, quality and price, sales volume.
Rahmawati Argisyamanti, Sutaryo Sutaryo, Agung Purnomoadi
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
TINGKAH LAKU MAKAN DAN RUMINASI PADA KAMBING KACANG JANTAN PADA UMUR MUDA DAN DEWASA DENGAN KUANTITAS PEMBERIAN PAKAN YANG BERBEDA
, S I. Santoso, E. Suprijatna
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
The research intends to know the profitability and Break Even Point implemented in the Perbalan Village, Gunungpati, Semarang. Research obtained by Damin Farm with cattle scale ≥ 12000 chickensin Perbalan Village, Gunungpati, Semarang. The method used in this research is survey method. The study took place from June to August 2016. Data collection consisted of primary and secondary data. The data used in the research is direct interview and observation. Primary data were obtained through direct interviews with respondent owners and labor farms based on the questionnaire. The results showed that the calculation of total variable costs with the scale of the amount of broiler chicken maintenance as much as 10.000 – 13.000 1st periode to 10th period is Rp. 2.996.584.152 and total production cost from 1st periode to 10th period is Rp 3.119.435.929 and the average profitability obtained at Damin Farm broiler farm is as much as 6,84%, while the average of BEP is 2749,068 kg.Keywords: Number of chickens, variable cost, production cost, profitability and Break Even Point
, Lu’Lu’Ul Fitria Ashari Putri, Renan Subantoro
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the growth response of various segments of coffee cuttings in the soil-compost planting media. This research was conducted from January 2018 to April 2018 at the Green House Polytechnic LPP Yogyakarta with BP 288 coffee plant clones. The treatment used was one segment cuttings, two sections cuttings, three sections cuttings and four sections cuttings with variable number of leafes, leaf color, shoot stem diameter, shoot length and number of shoots. This research method uses a non-factorial Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with further DMRT methods.Based on the results of the study, it was found that soil-compost showed C-organic content of 8.54%, N content of 0.23%, P content of 0.14% and K content of 0.21% and the best results of plant growth were on the cuttings treatment of one segment cuttings, two sections cuttings, three sections cuttings and unfavorable growth, namely in the treatment of cuttings four sections.Keyworsd: Coffee, Cuttings, Growth
Andi Kurnianto, Endah Subekti, Eka Dewi Nurjayanti
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
This research proposes to study production cost, revenue, income, BEP, R/C, and price changes analysis of broiler chicken farming business at PT Bilabong. The method of location determination was held by purposive method. The respondents sample determination method was census with 12 plasma farmer. The research result showed that the production cost average is Rp 223,737,701. Revenue average is Rp 268,247,430 and income average is Rp 44,509,729. The BEP (Unit) is Rp 13,375/kg, the production farmer average 16,467 kg. The BEP (Price) is Rp 15,465/kg, sale farmer average at Rp 16,290/kg. This result showed that broiler chicken business at plasma farmers of PT Bilabong plasma farmers reached higher value than BEP of unit and BEP of price. R/C value showed 1.2. The critical point analysis of price changes was 5% and it is mean that if broiler chicken price lower than 5%, so that the farmers will undergo a loss. Based on the income analysis, BEP and RC estimation, it can be definitely concluded that the plasma broiler chicken farming at PT Bilabong in Limpung district Batang regency is profitable and worth the effort.Keywords: Broiler, Business Analysis, Partnership, BEP, R/C
Any Widiyastuti, Dian Wahyu Harjanti, Bhakti Etza Setiani
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
This research was conducted to evaluate the bacterial contamination in fresh milk from farmers, milk collectors, and dairy cooperative (KUD) in Getasan Subdistrict, Semarang Regency. The evaluation of bacterial contamination has been observed by the number of bacteria, milk distribution time, reductation test, alcohol test and pH test of fresh milk samples which had been taken from 30 farmers, 30 milk collectors and 4 dairy cooperatives in Getasan Subdistrict. The result showed that in the farmers, there is 1 positive alcohol test from 30 samples, pH 6, reductation time of 7 hours, and has total bacteria 3.01 × 105 cfu / ml milk. The alcohol test of the milk from collectors also show 1 positive result from 30 samples with pH 6, reduction time of 6 hours and has total bacteria 6.17 × 105 cfu / ml milk. While in alcohol test of dairy cooperative shows 2 positive result, from 4 samples with pH 6, reductation time of 5 hours and has total bacteria 1.38 × 106 cfu / ml milk. The duration of milk distribution from farmer to KUD were 111 minutes. Thus, it is concluded that microbiological quality of milk in farmers and milk collectors level is good because it is below the maximum limit of total bacteria according to Indonesian Standart, but the amount of bacteria milk contamination in dairy cooperative is high due to the duration of distribution (111 minutes) without cooling.Keywords: bacterial count, milk quality, milk safety, distribution time
, Lutfi Aris Sasongko, Renan Subantoro
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
This Research aims to know the revenue level, and the feasibility level of Cilembu Varieties Sweet Potato Farming in terms of BEP and R/C. The basic method used is descriptive. Determination of location sample is done purposively. The data used are primary and secondary data. The data was collected by interview, recording and observation. The respondents in this study were 25 farmers. Based on research the total cost is Rp.1,423,483/planting season (for 0.1-0.15 ha land area), Rp.2,761,542/planting season (for 0.2-0.25 ha land area) and Rp.6,278,958/planting season (for 0.3–0.5 ha). Total costs consist of equipment depreciation costs, tax cost, tractor cost of fertilizer costs, pesticide costs, female labor costs, male labor costs, transport cost and sack costs. While revenue is Rp.1,535.000/planting season (for 0.1–0.15 ha), Rp.3,768,571/planting season (for 0.2–0.25 ha), Rp.8,666,667 planting season (for 0.3-0.5 ha). Based on the calculation, it is known that the average return sweet potato farm is Rp.111,518/planting season (for 0,1–0,15 ha), Rp.1,007,030/planting season (for 0.2–0.25 ha) and Rp.2,387,708/planting season (for 0.3–0.5 ha). BEP value of production quantity is equal to 1,311 kg/planting season (for 0.1–0.15 ha), 2,099 kg/planting season (for 0,2–0,25 ha) and 6,279 kg/planting season (for 0.3– 0.5 ha. While Break Even Point on price is Rp.1,079/kg (for 0.1–0.15 ha), Rp.1,179/kg (for 0.2–0.5 ha) and Rp.752/kg (for 0.3–0.5 ha). Based on the analysis of the R/C with a value of 1.07 for land area 0.1-0.5 ha, 1.36 for 0.2-0.25 ha land area and 0.38 for 0.3-0.5 ha.Keywords: Sweet Potato, Revenue, Return, BEP, R/C
Sutaryo Sutaryo, Lintang Sulistyaning Utami, Agung Purnomoadi, Dewi Hastuti
Published: 10 July 2019
Abstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate feces quality and organic matter intake of New Zealand White (NZW) rabbit fed different fibre source in the ration. The treatments were T1: coffee peel as fibre source, T2: coffee and been peel (1:1) as fibre source (1:1) and T3: been peel as fibre source. Five teen NZW 50-60 days old with 1.2 kg initial body weigh were divided randomly in to three treatments. Result of this experiment were no significant effect (P>0.05) of treatment on crude protein, crude fibre of feces and organic matter intake but gave significant effect (P
Renan Subantoro, Mukhamad Abdul Aziz
Abstract:
Production of smallholder coffee crops is not maximal because the crop maintenance factors are mostly in terms of proper pruning techniques. Through this article, it is hoped that the information and field experience of coffee cropping techniques needed by smallholder coffee farmers will need to increase the production of coffee produced by the good quality of the coffee produced. The purpose of trimming coffee crops is to improve the shape of the tree, improve quality and production, and facilitate maintenance and harvesting. The writing method of this paper was compiled by examining various literature and field assessments of coffee crop trimming techniques to improve the quality of coffee production. As a result of the study in this paper: Trimming forms for coffee crops so that strong crops and crops are balanced in forming Plagiotropic branches, both primary and secondary branches. It should be noted is how to treat the coffee crop itself to support the success of cultivation. Maintenance pruning activities are basically aimed at maintaining the continuity of the plant skeleton obtained from pruning the form by removing unproductive branches. Keywords: coffee, maintenance, form of pruning.
Saktiyono Sigit Tri Pamungkas, Eky Pamungkas
Abstract:
This research was conducted to knows the influence goat livestock waste fertilizer application for alternative additional organic fertilizer to palm oil seedling growth on pre-nursery phase. This reasearch was done in green house at Politeknik LPP. The methods was used is non-factorial randomized block design (RBD) with compost (livestock waste fermentation) as primary factor. Dose was used for this reasearch consist of A0 (control), A1 (150 gram), A2 (200 gram), A3 (250 gram), A4 (300 gram). The result of analysis was showing these compost application for additional organic fertilizer to all variable (plant height, number of leaves, gross weight and dry weight) has no different significanly with Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT), but on longest roots variable, DMRT test has significantly result at A3 dose (300 gram). The research conclusion is, compost application has influence as additional organik fertilizer for palm oil seddling on pre-nursery phase on longest roots variable with 300 gram dose (A3). Keywords: pre-nursery, compost livestock, palm oil seddling.
L Hanun, , L K Nuswantara
Abstract:
This study aims to determine the effect of fedding a complete ration of silage made from water hyacinth on concentration of ammonia rumen, total protein of rumen fluid and protein digestibility. Fifteen rams with average body weight of 19 ± 3.98 kg used on this research. The experiment was arranged in 3x5 randomized completed design. There treatment were T1= concentrate and elephant grass, T2= complete feed silage contained water hyacinth without L. plantarum starter addition, and T3= complete ration silage contained water hyacinth added with L. plantarum. Ration was formulated by isoenergy and isoprotein feed (CP 13%, TDN 65%). Feed treatment was given for 12 weeks. The results showed that the consentration of ammonia rumen was different (P0,05). Concentration of ammonia rumen of T1, T2 and T3 as follows: 2,53, 2,04, 1,80 mM. Total protein of rumen fluid and protein digestibility ranged by 295,70-381,04 mg/g and 75,00-77,29%. The conclusions of this study were the provision of complete feeding silage either without or with the addition of L. plantarum starter to produce the same digestible protein as conventional ration (concentrate and elephant grass). Keywords : silage, water hyacinth, protein, digestibility, sheep.
, Dewi Hastuti, Rossi Prabowo
Abstract:
Purpose of this research is to know the acceptance level, income and the factors that is affecting the level of sugarcane farmers income. Regional sampling method and respondent sampling are conducted by purposive sampling method which is set a lend area sampled is 1 – 3,5 acres. Number of samples are taken by 59 respondents of the sugarcane farmers who are scattered in several villages at the Pangkah sub District. The analysis method used is descriptive analysis, cost analysis, revenue, income and multiple linear regression. The result of the study indicate that the average cost is obtained by the total cost Rp. 54.953.884. The revenue is obtained Rp. 82.979.127, while the income earned Rp. 28.025.243 every harvest time. The result of multiple liniear regression is known that the determination coefficient (R2) is 0.848. Meanwhile the result of testing t test obtained by educational factors have significant 0.042 which mean have a real impact to income at 5% real level. The ages factors have significant 0.001 which mean have a real impact to income at 1% real level. The land area have significant 0.044 which mean have a real impact to income at 5% real level. The labours have significant 0.001 which mean have a real impact to income at 1% real level. The amount of production have significant 0.000 which mean have a real impact to income at 1% real level. Keywords: Income, Sugarcane, farmers, Regression, Pangkah
, Suhaeni Suhaeni, Luthfi Nur ’Azkiya
Abstract:
Sanggabuana coffee is a well known Robusta type coffee that has been cultivated in Karawang for years. This commodity has a high tolerance to diseases and has high caffeine, but in some ways has a cheaper price than Arabica type coffee. However, Sanggabuana coffee has been widely cultivated in Karawang and being the main commodity unique to Karawang. The purpose of this research is to know how high the motivation of the farmer to cultivate Sanggabuana coffee and the connection to the farmer motivation on the social-economic factor of cultivating Sanggabuana coffee. This research will be conducted in Karawang district (Case Study of Mekarbuana village, Tegalwaru sub-district) West Java, Indonesia, Using Primer dan secondary data set. Primer data gathered by direct interview to the farmer or selected respondents as a sample. Generally, respondents consist of the producer or Sanggabuana coffee farmer. Secondary data obtained from the department of agriculture in Karawang district, local agencies, and another related department. The sample is selected using Simple Random Sampling (SRS). The analysis method used in this research is Likert’s Summated Ratings and Spearman Rank Correlation. High motivation and social-economic that correlated to the level of education, experienced in farming and the number of family dependent possessed by the farmer as the result of this research. Keywords: Motivation, Sanggabuana coffee, Correlation.
Aditya Surya Pratama, Turrini Yudiarti, Isroli Isroli
Abstract:
The aim of the research was to improve the relative weight, relative length and dietary of the broilers’ small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum) with the slight squeeze of the lime as acidifier. The research was conducted according to completely randomized design with 3 treatments and 6 replications (each experimental unit consisted of 5-6 broilers). Treatments were T0 (normal), T1 (5mL lime + 1000mL water), and T2 (10mL + 1000 mL water). Relative weight and relative length of the small intestine were not affected by the addiction of the lime, either dietary was not significantly affected by the addiction of the lime on the water as acidifier. The lime could not improve the dietary of the broiler. Keywords: Broiler, Lime, Acidifier, Small Intestine, Dietary.
, Lutfi Aris Sasongko, Eka Dewi Nurjayanti
Abstract:
Cocunut coir, as a secondary product of coconut, can be processed into eco-friendly fiber. This fiber is used as raw materials for handicrafts. This research aims to analyze the internal and external factors, as well as formulating an alternative strategy for the development of coconut coir handicraft business in LKP AKAS Kebumen Regency. The data used primary and secondary type. Data analysis method is done by using Internal Factors Evaluation (IFE) matrix, External Factors Evaluation (EFE) matrix, Internal External (IE) matrix and SWOT matrix. Data analysis resulted internal factors (strenghts) including abundant availability of raw materials, availability local labor, short marketing channels, national and international marketing. In the other hand, internal factors (weakness) are including lack of product innovation, an effective organizational structure, old manpower, an availability recorded orders, and lack of promotion through the website and social media. The external factors (opportunity) including the partnership with raw materials suppliers, the steadiness of raw material prices and repeated orders, the lack of competitors with the same materials, the supports from local government, and the request of delivery orders. In the other hand, the external factors (threaths) are including the risk of the market (numerous kind of handicraft with different materials), and the presence of other handicraft industry. The result of IE analysis, LKP AKAS is located in zone I, i.e grow and build. Suitable strategies for this area are market penetration, market development, and product development. Alternative strategies that can be done are: (1) make a business plan including production layout, product variation (production) and marketing to add customers; (2) summarize and manage the customer’s orders in order to have regular evaluation of the business progress in the future; (3) modified the product becomes more varied in order to be able to compete with other handicraft products; and (4) increase promotional activities online (website and social media) to attract consumers. Keywords : development strategy, handicraft, coconut coir, SWOT, Kebumen.
Renan Subantoro, Rossi Prabowo
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
Alfalfa plant in Indonesia its not easy to produce flowers and seeds. Flower production is also affected by cutting the apical bud. At this time there is no research on the effect of cutting the length of the apical bud of the flower and seed production of alfalfa, both in quantity and quality. Thus this study examines the apical bud cutting the length of the seed production and alfalfa leaf chlorophyll content. The purpose of this study was to determine the most optimal length of the apical bud cutting to produce optimal growth and production of alfalfa seed. Outcomes and benefits of this research are: a). Provide information for other researchers on seed production and alfalfa leaf chlorophyll content were treated with different apical bud cutting, which will carry out further research. b). Provide recommendations to stakeholders on the apical bud cutting the most optimal for alfalfa plants that produce highest seed production and alfalfa leaf chlorophyll content. c). Providing information for farmers and researchers on alfalfa seed development opportunities for the tropic zone. Research using randomized complete block design with four replications. This study was a single-center trial with a treatment of various lengths cutting apical bud. Apical bud cutting long treatment include without cutting, cutting apical bud length of 5 cm, 10 cm, 15 cm, 20 cm and 25 cm from the ground. When cutting is done when the plants aged 6 weeks after planting. The results of the study showed that the alfalfa plant leaf extract can be produced which is solid green chlorophyll that has the potential to be used as raw material for the manufacture of supplement health drinks. Alfalfa flower has emerged in the 4th month, this occurred in the treatment of cutting 5 cm. It shows the probability that the flower has the potential to develop into seeds. Keywords: alfalfa, cutting, chlorophyll, seeds, apical bud
, Siswanto Imam Santoso, Kustopo Budihajo
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to know the level of avocado farm income and to know the influence of production quantity, labor cost, fertilizer cost, and selling price of avocado to farmer's income in Bandungan and Sumowono District, Semarang Regency. The study was conducted from January to March 2017 in Bandungan and Sumowono Districts. The method used in this research is survey method. The method used in determining the location of the research is purposive and the sampling method using random sampling method, and the number of respondents is determined by quota of 20 farmers in Bandungan and 20 farmers in Sumowono District. The analysis used is income analysis, profitability, one sample t-test, and multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed that the average income of farmers per year amounted to Rp 32,881,705.00, the average of profitability is 7.72%, and one sample t-test showed that the significance level is 0.044, so it can be concluded that avocado farming that is done by farmers is generate profitable income, while the result of production factors that positively affect the net income of avocado farmers is the amount of production, labor cost, and selling price of avocado. The fertilizer cost factor does not positively affect the net income of avocado farmers.Keywords: Income, Profitability, Production quantity, Production cost, Avocado.
, Dewi Hastuti, Renan Subantoro
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
The aims of research is to find out the outpouring of hours of labor, the contribution of labor “Borong Prestasi” (TKBP) to the family income and factors affecting labor “Borong Prestasi” income. The basic method used is descriptive method. Respondents are took in stratified random sampling with the number of respondents as many as 52 people. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data collected by interview, observation and recording. Based on analysis of data on average hours TKBP is 5,2 hours per day. TKBP contribution to the family income is 40 percent of TKBP income amounted Rp 595.942 to total family income amounted Rp 1.486.519. R2values were obtained using multiple linier regression model for 0,957 means that the independent variable the number of jati wood obtained, the outpouring of hours of labor, length of work and age affecting to TKBP income in post-harvest handling jati wood is 95,7 percent, while 4,3 percent is influenced by other variables outside the model. F test result showed that the number of jati wood obtained, the outpouring of hours of labor, length of work and age together are very significant for TKBP income. T test result showed that the variable of the number of jati wood obtained significant and the outpouring of hours of labor significantly effect for TKBP income, while the variable length of work and age is not significant on TKBP income.Keywords: contribution, jati wood, labor “Borong Prestasi”, Blora Regency
, Djoko Sumarjono
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to analyze the difference of government floor price of grain with the average costs of paddy, analyzing the distribution pattern of grain amd amalyze marketing margins of grain in Karawang Region. The benefit from this research is to design and efficient the grain distribution in Karawang Region and this study can be used as reference for practitioners and stakeholder in taking policy on grain price. Methods used in this study is survey. The location chosen by purposive. The amount of respondent were 82 respondents using the snowball method. The analysis using descriptive and statistics One sample t-test, the calculation of the avarage cost of paddy, the percentage of patterns and the calculation of the margin marketing. The results showed that there are differences of grain price of avarage cost by IDR. 3.531 and the price of grain non government by an average of IDR. 4.347 with the floor price of the government (HPP) commodity the grain by IDR. 3.700 in significantly. There are two patterns of marketing grain which is a long pattern there are farmers – broker – ricemill with the percentage of 67 %, and the short pattern there are farmers – ricemill with the percentage of 33 %. The margin value of long pattern by IDR. 250 per kilogram, while the short pattern IDR. 0 per kilogram. There are differences, the long pattern with the short pattern in significant. Keywords: Farming, operational cost paddy, pattern, margin.
T. Novitaningsih, S. I. Santoso, A. Setiadi
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
The aims of this research are to find out the ammount of profit, profitability, R/C Ratio, and analyzing the ammount of production during 5 years of organic rice farming in the Al-Barokah community, Susukan District, Semarang Regency. This study was conducted on December 2016 – January 2017 in Ketapang Village, Susukan, Semarang. The study method used to collect the data was survey method. The data collected of study was the primary data and the secondary data. The location in this research is selected by several considerations, such as Al-Barokah association is one of farming trade association that uses organic farming system. The populations retrieval used purposive method, then determine the number of samples used the slovin formula. The respondent in this research are 81 farmers of organic rice. The data analyzed of study was the farming income, R/C Ratio, profitability and trand analysis. Based on the result of income analysis, R/C Ratio and profitability has done that organic rice farming is very feasible and very profitable.Keywords: profitability analysis, farming, organic rice.
, I Putu Eka Wijaya
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
Economic activity is currently entering an era called the era of digital economy. Digital economy involves the process of e-business or e-commerce that utilizes the internet network. The rapid growth of internet users in Indonesia has affected the agribusiness sector to adopt e-commerce called e-agribusiness.In line with the development of the internet, a new understanding of electronic marketing paradigm in e-agribusiness in the form of e-marketplace. Some agribusiness e-marketplace sites have been born in Indonesia such as "agromaret.com", "kecipir.com", "limakilo.id", and "agribisnispedia.com". These five agribusiness e-marketplaces each have their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Basically, the success of an e-marketplace depends heavily on the level of involvement of the participating participants. The lack of e-marketplace reliability is often criticized as one of the key factors that reduce the confidence of sellers or buyers to participate. The process of maturing the e-marketplace is needed to influence the user's perception of the quality of the technical service, the quality of the content service and the quality of customer service. Therefore, there is pressure on the provider side to improve the quality of its services and offer something unique above industry standards to achieve a competitive advantage over other agribusiness e-marketplaces. Keywords:e-commerce, e-agribusiness, e-marketplace.
, Gunawan Ciptadi
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
Tea shoots processing intended to alter the chemical composition of fresh tea shoots, so bring the desired properties. Freshly plucked tea leaves containing water 75% of the weight of the leaves. The water contained in the leaves removed through the process of withering and drying in the processing of green tea. Green tea liquid waste obtained from the milling process and not used optimally, it needs a touch technology that can turn liquid waste into useful liquid organic fertilizer. The use of an activator / starter (micro-organisms) in green tea liquid waste is an alternative technology to improve the health and fertility of the soil and plants. The purpose of this study to determine the benefits of using liquid waste of green tea on the growth of tea seeds. Results of analysis of the utilization liquid waste of green tea with the addition of starter (EM-4) has not shown any real effect on the percentage of seedling growth and seedling growth (plant height, number of leaves and greenery). Keywords: liquid waste, green tea, organic matter.
, Dewi Hastuti, Istanto Istanto
Published: 6 February 2019
Abstract:
The purpose of this study are to determine the number of marketing channels, the amount of marketing margins and marketing efficiency of tempe chips in Lerep Village, West Ungaran District Regency. The basic method of research used is descriptive method of analysis. Determination of the sample area is done purposively in Lerep Village, West Ungaran District Regency. The number of respondents as many as 15 respondents. Data analysis cost analysis and marketing margin of each marketing channel, analysis of marketing efficiency of tempe chips each channel. The results showed that there are three channels of marketing tempe chips. Channel I consists of: Producer - Final Consumer, Channel II consists of: Manufacturer - Retailer - Final Consumer and Channel III consists of : Manufacturer - Wholesaler - Retailer - Final Consumer. Total marketing margin value on channel I is Rp. 4,380, channel II is Rp. 4,500, - and channel III is Rp. 4,500. The cost incurred on channel I is Rp. 120, on channel II of Rp. 513 and on channel III is Rp. 815. The marketing of tempe chips has shown an efficient value. It can be seen from marketing efficiency value of each channel is channel I equal to 0,26%, channel II equal to 1,18%, and channel III equal to 1,87%. Channel II is an efficient channel in the marketing of tempe chips everyday. Keywords: Tempe Chips, Marketing Channels, Marketing Margin, Marketing Efficiency
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