Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Manna Rafflesia: 83

(searched for: journal_id:(4380401))
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Jacob Timisela
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 395-418; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.170

Abstract:
From the mid-19th century until now Christians are confused and troubled by the movements and teachings of the Witnesses who have undermined the Superiority of Christ. In particular when they interpret the word prototokos in Colossians 1:15 which is very different, even contrary to Christian understanding and beliefs in general. The results of this study found that there are differences in the basic and background interpretations used by Jehovah's Witnesses with the basis and background for the interpretation of Christians in general of the word prōtotokos in Colossians 1:15. Jehovah's Witnesses use the word qanah (קנח) from Proverbs 8: 22,25 as the basis and background for the interpretation of the word prōtotokos in Colossians 1:15.
Linda Zenita Simanjuntak, Samuel Abdi Hu, Lukgimin Aziz
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 348-368; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.153

Abstract:
Artikel ini berangkat dari gagasan tentang fakta di berbagai belahan dunia, khususnya segmen penggembalaan dalam teologi Kristen. Sebagai sebuah nubuatan, tentunya nabi Yehezkiel memiliki banyak pesan penting bagi kehidupan para Gembala saat itu. Yehezkiel 34 sebagai salah satu bagian nubuat yang krusial bagi para pembaca saat ini, khususnya bidang teologi praktis patut untuk dikaji guna memperoleh tuntunan yang bermakna bagi para Gembala Jemaat dalam menggembalakan sekelompok orang yang menghadapi berbagai tantangan dalam hidup. Berbagai tantangan tersebut semakin pelik ketika pandemi corona dideklarasikan pada awal tahun 2020. Dengan menggunakan metode studi pustaka, peneliti menggali berbagai karya sastra untuk menjawab kebutuhan di lapangan, khususnya teologi pastoral sebagai bagian dari teologi praktis. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa semangat penggembalaan tidak boleh diredupkan oleh tantangan hidup yang semakin kompleks. Isi nubuatan dalam Yehezkiel 34 ini membahas dua bidang yang berbeda, yaitu penghakiman pengharapan di dalam Kristus. Sebagai nubuatan, Yehezkiel 34 memberi domba-domba itu harapan penuh sukacita untuk menunggu campur tangan Tuhan selama praktik penggembalaan yang menyesatkan. Di sisi lain, sebagian Gembala justru memiliki kesempatan untuk menunjukkan kekuatan dan kepemimpinan Tuhan Gembala Agung yang telah mengizinkan mereka untuk melayani. Tuhan telah memberikan alat dan kebijaksanaan bijak kepada para Pendeta untuk memimpin jemaat pada kenyamanan dan kenyamanan hidup baik secara fisik maupun spiritual.
Adi Putra, Gunar Sahari
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 279-302; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.147

Abstract:
This research discusses the pastoral leadership of Jesus Christ as written in the Bible to be applied in the Pelita Dunia Theological Seminary. So that every graduate produced can understand and practice correct pastoral leadership in accordance with the teachings and actions of Jesus Christ. This study uses a qualitative approach that combines a literature review with the results of interviews with several alumni. Through this research, information was obtained that Jesus' pastoral leadership based on the explanations in the Gospels is clearly visible in three ways, as Jesus' pastoral leadership carries out God's vision and that means that every pastor also carries out God's vision, Jesus' pastoral leadership reaches out to the lost and improves relationships and that means every pastor also reaches out to the lost congregation and mends broken relationship with God, and pastoral leadership Jesus disciplines and sends and that means every pastor disciplines and sends the congregation to preach the gospel. In addition, this study also concluded that Pelita Dunia Theological Seminary should include and teach Pastoral Leadership to every student in order to produce graduates who can serve like Jesus.
Adieli Waruwu, Samuel Purdaryanto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 419-440; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.171

Abstract:
At the end of 2019, the whole world and Indonesia were shocked by the emergence of the new coronavirus disease 2019. It has been more than a year since this disaster struck. The number of victims around the world has reached more than one hundred million with the death toll of more than two million people. Various efforts have been made to prevent the spread of this virus, one of which is social restrictions so that it has an impact in various areas of human life. One of the impacts is the missionary service which usually carries out social and face-to-face interactions. By using qualitative research methods with a literature review approach, observation, and interviews and then describing, this study will provide answers and solutions for mission service strategies during the Covid19 pandemic. The results of this study found answers to mission services online or online. By utilizing internet networks and social media, the gospel can still be preached despite social restrictions. Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, and Tiktok are some social media applications that can be used for mission services during the Covid-19 pandemic, through these applications this news can be presented in the form of writing, audio, and video which are shared via social media. This strategy, with its strengths and weaknesses, provides a great opportunity to continue working on the Great Commission of the Lord Jesus during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Simon Simon, Semuel Ruddy Angkouw
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 210-234; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.142

Abstract:
This paper discusses the initiation of the church as part of the implementation of the Great Commission. The method used in this paper is a qualitative method with a literature approach. Planting churches is part of the Great Commission because the pioneers of the church implement the spread of the Gospel to the established congregations. If we trace the PB (New Agreement) and its historical records in determining the pioneering locations of the church, God and man played a role. From God's point of view, it is theological basis when Paul and Silas prayed, then the Holy Spirit gave instructions on where they should go (Acts 16: 4-12). While from humans, the apostles sent people to preach the Gospel in the designated areas. In this pioneering exercise in identifying culture, it requires the involvement of mentoring involved. In starting a new church planting, focus on the arrangement of faith to new converts as well as on the congregation that will join as members but take priority over discussing material matters.
Hisikia Gulo, Hendi Hendi
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 327-347; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.151

Abstract:
This article is a review of the spirituality of Jesus prayer according to the Philokalia Fathers for the spiritual growth of the congregation in a book entitled Philokalia: The Bible of Orthodox Spirituality, this book is a book that is not widely known by believers because this topic is rarely discussed, even studied by the Church. The aim of this research is to explore that the Jesus Prayer Prayer is a spiritual discipline, its practice is to help a person control the mind of many wandering thoughts so that they can focus more on Jesus Christ. The research method is literature and then interaction with other related texts in the Bible and other Church Fathers. The results of the analysis show that the Prayer of Jesus praying for mercy from God will make someone realize that only God is the source of help in the pain and suffering of the human soul and body.
Sri Wahyuni Kusradi, Marlon Butarbutar, Ferdinan Pasaribu
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 303-326; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.150

Abstract:
This article intends to describe a pattern of mentoring to shape the students of Ebenhaezer Theological Seminary (Ind. STTE) as servant leaders. This is motivated by the lack of the number of servants of God who can become a leader at the same time. There is also the view that a true leader is only born, not formed. There are many discussions about Servant Leader, but this article intends to discuss how to be mentored informing as a servant leader in the STTE. In this article, the author uses qualitative methods. To find this problem, the writer interviewed several students who were being formed in the STTE. The writer also tried to find a theoretical basis for nurturing or mentoring to form Servant Leaders and make them relevant in the formation of Theology students. Based on this evaluation, it can be seen that effective tutoring or mentoring can help students become powerful Servant leaders.
Efesus Suratman
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 258-278; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.145

Abstract:
Many people expect a good, healthy, prosperous life, do not experience suffering. People who have a prosperous, healthy life, without suffering are usually identified with people who are obedient and fear God, where the concept of fearing God gets blessings and does not get curses, suffering, or other bad things that are often referred to as the principle of retaliation. This principle of retaliation is a common and believed principle from time to time. In wisdom literature, the principle of retaliation is one of the points that need attention. But in fact there are many who are pious, fearing God, whether they experience suffering that is not appropriate. This research approach is qualitative using a theological approach that can be used to understand the gaps that occur, collect data from various literary sources that can be used to collect the material needed, such as books in libraries, Junarl, the web, electronic mass media, etc. . the concept of the principle of retribution cannot be established in general terms and can be stated inaccurately if it is addressed to righteous people, pious people, good people, and suffering children, because the theory stated by the facts that occurs is incompatible and very contradictory.
Marthen Mau
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 235-257; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.144

Abstract:
The only special revelation is the Bible which God has breathed as the main source for human learning, so that it can organize his life responsibly in service and life every day. Today some people think that the Bible is outdated and of no longer useful to mankind because this is the age of science, technology, and art. However, some people still believe that the Bible is very useful for mankind, therefore the Bible must be studied carefully so that the contents of the Bible are understood as a whole. This paper aims to encourage and inspire new enthusiasm for believers to be active in studying God's word that has been breathed by God because reading God's words can show that God is speaking to his readers. This paper uses a qualitative research method with a deep exegetical study approach. Therefore, this article provides a viewpoint for believers to be loyal in reading the Bible because the Bible is very useful for believers to imply in today's life.
, Daniel Sarwono, Estherlina Maria Ayawaila
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 189-209; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.131

Abstract:
This paper is a phenomenological descriptive analysis of the living conditions of Christians today. The author found several problems in the life of Christian spirituality today, namely: the failure of Christians to reflect on their spirituality by their religious positions, the emergence of an apathetic attitude to show a good spiritual life due to an experience of failure, a lack of practical implementation of the values ​​of spirituality that are understood, the life of spirituality. without obedience and the presence of a center of non-biblical spirituality in the Christian life. The writer observes this problem as a problem in building the spiritual formation of Christianity today. This problem the writer observed was also experienced by Zacharias, but the Bible provides the fact that Zacharias was able to overcome these problems. Thus this paper refers to the principle of Zacharias spirituality in answering this problem. Hopefully this article adds insight and provides answers to the lives of Christians today.
Gernaida K.R. Pakpahan
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 441-466; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.175

Abstract:
This research aims to explore the implementation of human rights in the 8th century BC. The prophet Amos's criticism was aimed at the failure of nations to build human solidarity which was shown in various human rights violations. The approach method used is a form criticism approach, a synchronic and diachronic approach that seeks to examine the historical context of the book of Amos. The results obtained from the research show that violations of human rights during the Amos era include: deprivation of one's right to life and property, trafficking and human slavery, loss of fraternal solidarity, anger, and revenge, intimidation, terror and fear, the humiliation of human beings, refusal. rule of law. Israel's crimes against humanity are driven by a materialistic spirit so that it carries out the sale of the righteous, the poor, the weak, the exploitation of women, fines, and debts. Building humanitarianism through law enforcement so that truth and justice are created in society.
Yudi Jatmiko
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 369-394; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i2.166

Abstract:
The emergence of Instagram has indisputably made the world full of pictures. Messages that are generally dominated by words have turned into a collection of colorful pictures on Instagram. Pictures have brought a world that is beyond words. On the other hand, many experts observe the destructive sides of Instagram. The pictures that are initially meant to reveal beauty have transformed into a means of self-fulfillment. Pictures have turned into a context where the self has become the center of the message and the world. In the Christian faith, this is fatal! A self-centered life is contradictory to the Christian nature as God’s image, which basically must center life on God. The question begs to answer: how should Christian respond to Instagram? This is the focus of the research. To answer the question above, using the methodology of phenomenology approach and literary research, I will explain the history and impacts of Instagram. After that, I will analyze it from the perspective of the Christian faith, especially those that are related to the philosophy undergirding Instagram. Finally, I believe Instagram is not evil per se. However, appropriate responses are needed to bring forth a clearer God’s image in the world that is full of pictures.
Hasahatan Hutahaean, Elirani Gea, Adarsan Simarmata
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 135-157; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.132

Abstract:
One type of psalm is Lament. Psalms of Lament sung with weeping, weeping driven by the psalmist's sorrow. David wrote many psalms where one of them is lamentation in Psalm 12. In this article the psalmist experienced a change of mood (feeling) from lamenting, joyful hope then again lamenting. The research in this paper used a qualitative approach to library research methods. Literature research requires a study of related literature to guide researchers to achieve the research objectives of the data taken based on selected books. While the interpretation to find the meaning of the text of the Research Team uses the method of Reading the Bible (BGA). The methods of BGA are simple but practice interpretation that was designed initially for Christian quiet times. After Psalm 12 interpreted, the Research Team founded that the psalmist was still lamenting over the situation around him. Even though the psalmist experienced joy because God will save, but the wicked are still there and rottenness still arises among the sons of men. Because God works not based on the presence or absence of the wicked and rottenness among the children of men.
Arif Yupiter Gulo
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 116-134; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.129

Abstract:
In serving Him there are challenges that must be faced. Therefore, the Jesus give a strategy to face with according on Matthew 10:16 who is shrewd as serpents and harmless as doves. This article with qualitative research methods in the form of exegesis-hermeneutics. This exegetical method understands the meaning of the text of Matthew 10: 16b, which is indicated that in serving there is wisdom and sincerity that brings peace, because only peacemakers are became the children of God.
Kejar Hidup Laia
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.133

Abstract:
The fall of the first man (Adam) into sin caused the man to lose the glory of God, man died and was separated from God. The gospel is glad tidings of Jesus Christ who died, rose again to save everyone who believes. To believe the gospel means to believe in the redemptive work of Christ, to reject the gospel is to reject salvation. In the Gospel God's truth is revealed to everyone who believes in Him. This truth is related to the absolute truth of God that no one has. The truth of God revealed in the Gospels is related to the truth that God has done through the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus to save sinners. Salvation can only be received through faith. Faith is a gift from God given to humans so that they believe in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. The gospel gives hope and sets people free from death. To get salvation everyone must listen to the gospel. The task of evangelism is the responsibility of the Church (believers) to preach the message of salvation in the power of the Holy Spirit to sinners so that they repent and have faith in Jesus and become disciples who obey the Great Commission of the Lord Jesus.
Lewi Nataniel Bora
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 65-89; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.127

Abstract:
Following Jesus has risks that must be faced. Everyone who will enter into fellowship with Him will be challenged. That challenge to “take up the cross” was presented by Jesus when He was in the world. Everyone who follows Him, will experience suffering. The suffering faced is not the result of a grievous error, but because of the differences between the self-gratifying normal of the previous situation to the self-denying that Jesus calls us too. A person is required to imitate Jesus in facing the various suffering from self-denying that results from his fellowship with Jesus. A person who can endure suffering will continue to be in fellowship with Jesus. Fortitude in dealing with such situations will lead to similarity with Jesus. Similarity is an important part of fellowship with Jesus.
Manase Gulo
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 22-44; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.130

Abstract:
Success is making a difference in wealth is the longing of every human being in general and believers in particular. Everyone longs for unity. However, the reality of conflict often occurs both within the family, in the church, and in the life of the nation. One of the causes of conflict is due to not being able to manage differences. The differences in question are differences in religion, ethnicity, culture, education, and so on. If these differences are not managed properly, conflicts will continue to exist both within the family, in the church, and in the life of the nation. Seeing the situation as described above, a theory is needed on how to manage differences into wealth. This article will provide a theory on how to manage the differences to become wealthy. This theory is an analysis of Colossians 3: 12-17.
Wirianto Ng, Gundari Ginting, Lukgimin Aziz
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 158-187; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.134

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the existing relationship, both partially and mutually between understanding of servanthood and calling to serve and faithfulness in the ministry of all workers. The place of this research was conducted at My Family GBI. The research method used was an ex post facto pattern and quantitative. They concluded that there was a linear and significant relation between variable X1 (understanding of servanthood) and variable Y (faithfulness in ministry in church). So does X1 and X2 and Y. Every worker to realize that they were saved by God and repay God’s kindness by serving Him in church. It is recommended that this research can be used as one of the guidance as a foundation of ministering life by servants in God’s field.
Moses Wibowo, Tony Salurante
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 90-115; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.136

Abstract:
The doctrine of the resurrection of Christ is one of the foundations in Christianity. But the foundation of this faith continues to be challenged and attacked. One of the attacks came from Rudolf Bultmann, who believed that the resurrection of Jesus Christ was only a spiritual awakening and not even an objective historical reality. In the Indonesian context, there is a tradition called "Rambu Solo." This tradition believes that the slaughter of a buffalo will contribute to keeping the spirits of the dead safe. The doctrine of the resurrection in Corinth was due to a problem of misunderstanding. These situations will continue to occur in various places. Therefore, this article examines Paul's teachings in 1 Corinthians 15, especially verses 1-11 as an attempt to answer the teachings and practices of life that do not understand the work of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The method used is the biblical exegesis of 1Corinthians 15: 1-11. It is through exegesis that the resurrection of Jesus Christ is an objective historical reality. That He did rise from physical death. The exegesis significance of 1 Corinthians 15:1-11 for Bultmann's teachings and the tradition of "Rambu Solo" indicate that the two are not biblical.
Adi Putra
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 7, pp 45-64; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v7i1.128

Abstract:
This study discusses the analysis and evaluation of Thomas Aquinas's view of the "image of God". Through qualitative research with a literature review approach, the following conclusions are obtained Aquinas's view of God's image is very unbiblical. Because it is more inclined to the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. This is a characteristic of scholastic group theology. Because scholastic theologians tend to place ratios more dominant in theology than the Bible. Furthermore, the image of God carried by humans is not only in the ratio but in the totality of human existence in the earth as God's representative. The image of God in humans experiences severe damage after the fall of man in sin. The ratio is no better than the body. In other words, all parts of human beings, whether spirit, ratio, morals, body, when created in a noble or very good state. This rejects Aquinas's view that there are inferior forces. Finally, through this research, we want to stress that the image of the true God is in Christ. This has the effect that it is only through Christ that the image of God that has been badly damaged can be repaired.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 158-177; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.114

Abstract:
Infant Baptism is a sacrament in the Chruch. But at this time many rejected the practice of infant baptism. The rejection comes from several Christian group. Many arguments have been given to assert the validity of Biblical infant baptism. However, these arguments have not yet been accepted by opponents of infant baptism. Through this article the author tries to contribute by 1Corinthians 10:1-5 as a basis for understanding infant baptism. This verse has not been widely exposed by Theologians to defend the argument about the validity of infant baptism. Thus, the reader can understand the true principle of infant baptism.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 220-240; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.120

Abstract:
Education is a process of inheriting life values ​​that serve as a guideline as well as a foundation for character development. Education must be a conscious and planned process and oriented to contextual life values. Living Values Education is one of the patterns education based on life values is deemed sufficiently relevant to Christian Education as a learning process about the living values of Christianity. The Bible explicitly records that the life, teachings and role model of the Lord Jesus have practiced the Living Values ​​Education as a pattern of education. This research was conducted using the Literature Review method , through literature obtained both manually and also through an electronic data base such as Google and Google Scholer . From the literature analysis conducted, this study found three principles as the basis for character development through The Christian Living Values ​​Education . First , the values ​​of human life with God. Second , the values ​​of human life with others. And third , the values ​​of human life by itself. All three values ​​of life have the same substance, namely: love with heart, soul and mind. The hope of this research is that Christian religious educators are held on the values of life centered on Christ.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 200-219; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.116

Abstract:
Luke introduces Jesus' inclusive ministry to preach the gospel, fellowship and serve the excluded. In this context, people who are paralyzed, blind, deaf, poor, tax collectors who are considered sinful, they are the center of His attention. By observing the current mission which is oriented to the church planting mission, it is necessary to transform. The intended transformation is to change the motive of the church planting mission to a mission that is not an anthropocentric mission but a mission to glorify God. The method used in writing this scientific paper is a qualitative method. Literature study and the Bible as the main source in explaining. Aside from literature and Bible study sources, the sources obtained are based on facts from field observations.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 112-134; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.115

Abstract:
Times have changed, from pre-modern to modern, and now into postmodern times. The postmodern era is also followed by philosophical thinking from postmodernism. These philosophical thoughts have greatly influenced the lives of many people, who have also touched on aspects of the Christian faith. The principles of postmodernism are subjectivism, anti-history, perspective pluralism, and relativity. These principles have a negative influence on the principles of the Christian faith so that postmodernism is one of the challenges in the Christian faith. The challenge is that postmodernism is an objective anti-truth philosophy. So that it affects the lives of believers so that they remain faithful to reveal the final truth of the Christian faith, making Christian faith the only test tool against postmodernism and dismantling the falsity of postmodernism. Therefore this article was written to provide an understanding of postmodernism and its implications for the Christian faith so that many believers can provide anticipation in the postmodern era that is lived today.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 178-199; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.122

Abstract:
This theme discusses the exegetical study of contextual evangelism in 1 Corinthians 9: 19-23. Contextual evangelism has always been an interesting topic in discussions of Missiology and Ecclesiology. Although sometimes controversy, contextual evangelism is still one of the effective methods of preaching the gospel to the neglected tribes. The preaching of the cross-cultural gospel was one of the points Paul talked about with the church in the city of Corinth. The Apostle Paul said that preaching the gospel was a must for him (1 Corinthians 9:16). And in chapters 9: 19-23 the apostle Paul tells how the method or method he used to preach the gospel to those who are culturally different from himself. Gospel preaching is a mandate or the Great Commission given by the Lord Jesus to believers, and must be preached to all tribes and languages. In preaching the Gospel, Paul sets an example that is a strategy in contextual evangelism. The Apostle Paul willingly devoted himself "I made myself a servant, 1 Corinthians 9:19." Paul also adjusted to be able to understand those of different cultures "by becoming like". So you can win as much as possible. As well as a strong vision to win as many people as possible for Christ, so that they become saved. Paul understood the mandate given, to make Jews and non-Jews to be mursed Christ. Challenges and obstacles in preaching Inil are always there, but understanding methods based on God's word is the choice to get rid of these obstacles.
Pangarapen Sembiring
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 241-258; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.119

Abstract:
In building a household, conflicts often occur, one of the biggest conflicts heard by marriage counselors in the household is a statement like the following: "My wife really doesn't understand me", or my husband never listens to me. So that makes most of the wavering marriage currently foundered experiencing divorce. Because many couples fail and do not have the ability to understand the roots of rejection experienced by their partners, or do not really know the dark past the partner can also be due to the lack of openness from the couple related to the past in the family of each partner. Negative effects will be seen after a few months or a few years in marriage then comes the original negative nature that causes anger and hatred towards the couple. The problem is not only that the impact of refusal can lead to sexual immorality or live in uncleanness in the household and even many infidelities occur because of dissatisfaction from each partner. The point in building a partner's household is not to be blind to see and pay attention to their partner enough just to fall in love to see the appearance and sympathetic nature and attention shown by their partner, but more importantly we can see the background of the past and are ready to accept all the weaknesses that are owned by his partner and completes and helps both partners to build a harmonious and happy home.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 135-157; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.113

Abstract:
Local theology is a model of theology that existed in postmodernism that emphasized the theology of the local cultural context. It means emphasize the efforts to meet church traditions and Christian themes with the reality of the life of the people around them. Simple theology always understands local sources which consist of local rituals, everyday language, folk songs, proverbs and art buildings. By using these elements means a theologian theologically contextually. The theologian was present and lived with people and listened to their voices. In this case, the simple theology seeks to respect and use the wisdom that is in the local culture, so that local people can easily interpret that wisdom in the light of the Gospel. Therefore this article will contribute a thought on how to build a sketch of Glocal theology.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 86-111; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i2.125

Abstract:
The church is present on earth as an extension of the presence of the kingdom of God among humanity. The church is always present to respond to the conditions and situations of the times in a variety of challenges and temptations. But the church always sided with God's sovereignty and will govern and control everything, including the pandemics experienced by humans on this earth. The Church, currently dealing directly with the Covid-19 pandemic, which has worldwide, and its spread is so massive, and its impact is so wide in various sectors of life. The church was sent to bring the peace of Christ in truth and love. That is why the church responds to the appeal of the Government and health protocols from WHO by carrying out church services at home. Worship at home is not an attempt to establish a house church as a new institution. Worship at home is a form of faith that is responsible for the lives of fellow humans, and at the same time as an expression of love for others. Home worship is a service that is held based on the worship and liturgy of a church institution, where the congregation is part of its members. Principles and mechanisms of worship at home are regulated in such a way that using all available and available digital equipment and technology. The important and most important thing in conducting worship at home is that the congregation continues to truly worship the Triune God, sing praises to God, pray, and the peak and center is to listen to the word of God through preaching live (live streaming) or in recorded form or in printed form.
Supriadi Oet
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 57-74; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i1.81

Abstract:
Suffering is the part that follows human life. Suffering comes in different forms and is felt differently by each human being. Jesus Christ himself suffered. So believers need not be surprised if they experience suffering. But behind Jesus' suffering there are important principles that we can emulate. Therefore through this writing, we try to provide an understanding of the example of suffering from the Lord Jesus.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 37-49; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i1.97

Abstract:
An important part of human life is leadership. Without human leaders do not understand how to direct their responsibilities. In this article try to contribute about the leadership model of an apostle Paul. In this article we will describe the principle of leadership through the Apostle Paul's life experience. Expected through this writing is to add insight into Christians who are entrusted with leadership responsibilities. So it leads to leadership that glorifies God.
Waharman Waharman
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 116-129; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i2.92

Abstract:
The role of parents for their children in spiritual growth is very important, and starting from an early age, teaching for children's spiritual growth is not only given to the church, or during Sunday school services but the most important and most important is the role of parents in the family for her children. If noted, there are still many parents who do not realize the importance of their role as parents to educate the spiritual growth of their children. Therefore through this paper, we try to remind the important role of parents in the growth of children.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 130-147; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i2.93

Abstract:
Sexuality is God's plan for Christian marriage. But not a few deviations occur in the marriage of believers, irregularities occur because of misunderstanding the meaning of sexuality in marriage, namely in terms of assessment and application. This deviation can be found in the Corinthian church which is a very serious problem. Therefore it is very important to examine the principles of sexuality in marriage, one of the Apostle Paul's answers to the problem is in Chapter 1 Corinthians 7: 1-5, therefore to make an important contribution to understanding sexuality in marriage for believers, it is necessary to make review of exegetical studies.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 148-154; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i2.94

Abstract:
The Lord Jesus before ascending to Heaven did say there would be signs accompanying believers, one of which was that they laid their hands on the sick, and the person was healed. Some groups really claim that every believer can cure a disease, is that right? To answer this question, it is very necessary to discuss Mark 16: 17-18. In this discussion using the Historical Redemptive method (redemptive history). So that through discussion with the History of the Atonement method you can understand the meaning of the text in the context of the History of the Atonement.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i1.77

Abstract:
The concept of death is something that is often questioned by humans. Because no human being has been able to provide strong evidence of what happened after death. Therefore this question also needs to be answered in the light of the Christian faith. The rationale for discussing death is the Bible. But it must be realized that the Bible is also present in the cultural context and traditions of the nation of Israel. So to get the principle or meaning needed is also an assessment of the context and principle of death of the people of Israel. Theological review is needed so as not to get caught up in Judaism in understanding the concept of death. Therefore, through this paper will explain the theological review of the concept of the nation of Israel about death.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 37-56; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i1.80

Abstract:
God's servant is a noble status, the glory is not based on his position, material and wages. But the glory is found in the characteristics of His servants. It is the characteristic that maintains one's service and maintains its status of service as noble. But many cases show the difficulty of a service to maintain its characteristics. In Paul's letter to Timothy reminded him to be able to assign a servant with high value criteria. Therefore through this writing, I will give the principles and characteristics of a minister based on 1 Timothy 3: 1-7.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 113-130; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i2.71

Abstract:
Give thanks is an attitude of the human heart. Giving thanks shows an attitude that is based on a believer's faith in God. Even though this is a simple command, reality shows many believers' failure to give thanks. The Apostle Paul also saw this reality, therefore through 1 Thessalonians, the apostle Paul wanted to give teachings and appeals so that the believers in Thessalonica could show an attitude of life to give thanks. But there are different things that Paul taught with the concept of thanksgiving of unbelievers. Therefore, to understand these differences, it is very important to study thanksgiving from a biblical perspective, in this article specifically doing the exegetical study of the expression "giving thanks in all things" according to 1 Thessalonians 5:18.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 76-101; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i1.67

Abstract:
Spirituality is an integral part of human life. Spirituality influences the attitude of the heart and human thought patterns. Many problems occur in human life and it starts from the problem of spirituality. Thus learning about spirituality is needed. There are many methods offered by religions in the world to form spirituality. In the Christian faith the Bible is the basis for building spirituality. In Paul's Letter to Timothy gives important teachings about spirituality. Therefore, to provide insight into spirituality, this article will write about the Biblical Study of the spirituality of God's servants based on 2 Timothy 2: 1-13.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i1.63

Abstract:
This 2nd Corinthian letter, written by the Apostle Paul, was addressed to the Corinthians. This letter is intended for the purpose, so that in conveying the gospel has the correct method so that the gospel can be accepted. The duty of believers is to convey the gospel / good news to everyone who does not know Christ. In writing this article we will explore how the Apostle Paul's perspective on the ministry of spreading the gospel based on 2 Corinthians 6: 1-10. Therefore through this writing, we will again remind and refresh believers about the importance of the ministry of spreading the gospel.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 21-47; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i1.64

Abstract:
The Hebrews were written to strengthen their faith in Christ by carefully explaining the superiority and firmness of God's revelation and redemption in Jesus Christ. He showed that the provision of redemption under the old covenant had been fulfilled and was no longer used because Jesus had come and established a new covenant by His death-working peace. The author also calls on all believers to maintain recognition of Christ so that at the end, the author then advises him to move forward toward spiritual maturity, and to not return to life under penalty by renouncing trust in Jesus Christ. In this study of Hebrews 11: 1-3, the writer provides understanding and understanding, as well as giving advice that faith is the basis for every believer, as well as a certain hope for Jesus Christ. As a result of the church's lack of understanding of the meaning of faith, many apostate congregations who abandoned their faith, beliefs, and perseverance before God disappeared. besides that most of the congregation have experienced the decline of faith. Therefore believers need to understand the text of God's Word from Hebrews 11: 1-3 in every step of life.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 48-75; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i1.66

Abstract:
The concept of doctrine influences the actions of human life. True doctrine and also believed will provide insight into the correct thinking. However, if a doctrine that is not in accordance with the truth and is believed will affect one's life attitude becomes problematic. One of them is the problem of morality. The wrong understanding of the body will lead people to the wrong attitude about life about the body. The lower the assessment of the human eating body the more does not respect the body. But there is a danger when humans are increasingly valuing the body it can become narcissism. 1 Corinthians 6:19 is a verse that is often debated and interpreted to establish morality about the body. Therefore through this writing, we try to open human understanding of the body from a biblical perspective.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i1.52

Abstract:
In his letter the Apostle Paul reminded Timothy that evil and apostasy would increase, so Timothy needed self-control, in service. Self-mastery is very important in the life of a servant of God. Therefore through this exegetical study can help believers understand the principle of 'controlling oneself in all things' and applying it as the principle of serving life.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 11-21; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i1.53

Abstract:
The gift of speaking in tongues is a message to the body of Christ which is given in tongues and is not understood by the user. Therefore, it must be followed by an interpretation by the language understood by the congregation. The gift of tongues is usually news of a prophecy for the Lord's church and must be followed by an interpretation. If the gift of tongues is not followed by an interpretation, it cannot build up the church. Therefore, the author will discuss the apostle Paul's perspective on tongues based on 1 Corinthians 14.
Trisno Kurniadi
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 38-52; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i1.55

Abstract:
The term worship is no stranger to believers. But now there are many shifts to the motivation and purpose of worship. Worship aimed at worshiping the Triune God has now been diverted for the purposes of human emotionality. The psalmist and writer of the Hebrews stressed the importance of understanding the purpose of worship. In this article we will discuss "the purpose of worship" according to Psalm 63: 2-5 and Hebrews 10:25. It is hoped that through this article believers can understand the purpose of worshiping the Triune God.
Minggus Dilla
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 23-37; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i1.54

Abstract:
Occult practices have occurred since time immemorial, and even today occult practices cannot be separated from the lives of believers and humans in general. What are occult practices and how can occult practices occur and what are the impacts on human life. In this paper, the author will explain the biblical view of the occult and its ins and outs so that believers can know and be able to avoid various kinds of occult practices that are around us.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 53-67; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i1.56

Abstract:
2 Peter 1: 10-11 gives an explanation to Christians in Asia to try to be even more determined about their vocation and choices. Because when they do it, it will never fall or stumble. Seriousness becomes the most important thing to fulfill the call. A call is not an invitation whose source is from one's own person, but God calls him so that no one can reject a call coming from God. The choice that God has set for someone is the most beautiful gift. Therefore, by learning the meaning of vocations and choices will be able to foster God's deep gratitude and love in believers.
Trisno Kurniadi
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 69-87; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i2.57

Abstract:
There are things that are relevant but neglected, and there are also things that are closely related but are forgotten in family life and church service. That is the importance of Christian Religious Education in the context of family and church services today. But the correlation between Christian Religious Education and family would not be realized if there were no educators who understood the nature of Christian Religious education. Therefore through this paper, the author reviews theologically the pedagogical education of the Christian Religion (PAK) of the Church and family and their relevance to the service of the church today.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 50-68; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i1.98

Abstract:
The Bible is the revelation of God which is a lamp for the life of the believer. History shows the survival of the Bible in dealing with the times. Many people have been changed by the Bible. Thus reading the Bible becomes an important part of the life of the believer. Reading the Bible requires perseverance so that the meaning of the Scriptures is understood to be done. Therefore through this article, it gives insight to believers to have perseverance in reading the Scriptures and explain how perseverance is meant in reading the Scriptures.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 93-102; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i2.102

Abstract:
This paper aims to formulate a form of social political responsibility of Christian educators based on the work of reconciliation that was carried out by the Lord Jesus in his work of death and resurrection. By looking at the socio-political situation of the Indonesian people who are currently vulnerable to splitting with ethnic, religious and racial issues. This identity politics is used as a tool to gain victory in political battles. As Christian educators who are part of citizens and must contribute to the peace and tranquility of the Indonesian nation, Christian educators are indeed important to reflect on reconciliation work that is able to create peace, so that with this foundation the presence of Christian educators can neutralize the social political situation and can even be actively involved in uniting various parties both in the context of class and society.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 109-117; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i2.104

Abstract:
Many problems in human life, one of them problems in marriage. One way to overcome the many problems that arise in marriage by pre-marital counseling. This paper aims to provide insight into the importance of premarital guidance services. With the hope of encouraging every believer, activist and pastor to give good attention to pre-marital counseling.
Iman Kristina Halawa
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 118-127; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i2.105

Abstract:
The history of Church reform in the sixteenth century has had an impact on various fields of life, one of which is theology. The Sola Scriptura principle is an important pillar in reform. But at this time there are many elements who claim to apply the principle of Sola Scriptura just because it quotes a verse. There are even individuals in the evangelical church who ignore this principle. Through this paper try to give a thought about the implementation of the principle of sola Scriptura by the Reformers of the XVI century, especially the thoughts of Martin Luther and John Calvin. So that theologians may relearn how to apply the principle of sola scriptura in accordance with the spirit of reform.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 36-53; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i1.44

Abstract:
Life in this day and age is shaped by various elements that influence one another, so that each person becomes a unique person. Influence comes from family background, social culture, economic factors and bad habits, depending on the environment in which a person lives. Paul wanted to talk to them as spiritual people, but he found that they were still "babies" he could only give them milk, because they were still not ready to receive hard food (1 Cor 3: 1-3). Spirituality is an important part of human life, with a healthy spirituality humans will live life well. Spiritualiats are an important force in sustaining our lives, through good spirituality humans can deal with bad conditions. Through the advice of the Apostle Paul to Timothy we get important principles to build spirituality.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 24-35; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i1.108

Abstract:
Students in theology schools must have a clear and determined calling. Often this commitment fades because the knowledge of God only happens in the mind, not in the heart. Therefore we need teaching that can invite them back to deepen their commitment to God. Therefore, in addition to intellectual abilities, mature spirituality, is considered an absolute requirement for theology students to become servants of God who are ready to serve. Success in ministry that demands a complete spiritual figure, requires a servant of God to set an example in his Bible, moral, and spiritual knowledge. Since it was in the formation on campus, it was hoped that theology students would have to realize the importance of a Bible-based spirituality, God's word. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss Calvin's Spirituality as a Theological Formation of Spiritual Students.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 88-121; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i2.58

Abstract:
In this paper the author discusses "Characteristics of God's servants" based on 2 Timothy 2: 22-25. Characteristics are characteristics possessed by someone who distinguishes himself from others in which discuss about character and which leads to good moral values ​​(ethical). This characteristic is also a characteristic that is embedded in the servants of God in their lives interacting with others, to themselves, the surrounding environment and in the ministry. The Apostle Paul in his letter to Timothy so that Timothy as a servant of God does not fall into sin in the face of various temptations of faith that lead to sin, trials, false doctrines, false teachers and various other challenges both inside and outside. Therefore the Apostle Paul advised Timothy to maintain holiness by having the characteristics of God's servants.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 74-84; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i1.111

Abstract:
Humans know God because God reveals himself. The Bible records two ways that God revealed Himself, namely through general revelation and special revelation. God has established public revelations through the means of the universe, conscience and history, so that through these means humans realize the existence of a divine and authoritative person. However, a theologian named Karl Barth rejects the existence of a general statement to be able to know God. Therefore through this paper we will explain general revelation and theological evaluation of Karl Barth's views on public revelation.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 103-108; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i2.103

Abstract:
Studying philosophy brings people to think about the meaning of life, but learning Theology brings people to understand the meaning of life. But humans also need to think about morality and social structure. The basic thinking about morality and social structure is contained in the thinking section of a philosopher named G.W.F. Hegel Therefore this article was written with the aim of critically examining Hegel's philosophy of morality and social structure from the perspective of the Bible to build a concept of morality and social structure based on the Bible of God's Word.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 112-130; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i2.48

Abstract:
A balanced life partner is very important because there are many different things that are found in the person of a believer and an unbeliever. God Himself establishes a suitable life partner that is not unbalanced. God knows that man His creation will need a balanced partner, therefore our partners are in God's hands, but very often when we choose an unbalanced life partner, we say that this is my partner from God, when in fact we are choosing by ourselves because there are some things that we pay attention to with our partners that can make us happy, we don't realize that it is only temporary, so we don't care anymore, whether it's balanced or not, what matters is my partner who is from God. Through this paper, we try to give a biblical explanation of a balanced and unbalanced partner to give insight to the believer in thinking about his life partner.
Minggus Dilla
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 158-166; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i2.51

Abstract:
The fruit of the Spirit is the most important part in the life of a believer. Through the Fruit of the Spirit the believer can show his true self. But the understanding of the Fruit of the Spirit is still not widely known by many Believers. Therefore through this article believers can have an understanding of what the fruit of the Spirit is and its meaning in its relation to daily life.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 102-111; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i1.70

Abstract:
Many people know Jesus Christ and believe he is the Savior, even though that person calls the word God. But many also today claim that the word 'Allah' only has a certain group and is a proper name. This situation created the birth of two groups that were pros and cons in using the word Allah. What is the answer for Christians who keep using the word God? Is it sinful to mention the word Allah? what is the meaning of the word God in the Christian faith? Then how is the history of the word God used? These questions will be answered in the following article. The following article is expected to help believers understand the answers to these problems.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 110-115; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i2.91

Abstract:
Individualism increasingly affects human life. This makes people busy with their respective activities. Facing such conditions, how is the urgency of evangelism today. Therefore to answer that principle, we need to understand Paul's expression which is: "woe to me if I do not preach the gospel". Through this article can help believers realize their role in the world today.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 53-73; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i1.110

Abstract:
At present there are many moral deviations in human life. Moral deviations have permeated the human life, namely: in the fields of politics, economics, education, art, philosophy and the church. These deviations occur because of a lack of complete understanding of immorality. Therefore through this paper we will present phenomenologically moral deviations in several aspects of human life, then in this paper will discuss the roots of the phenomenon of moral deviance in a biblical-systematic manner. Because the author believes that the fact of immorality was present at the time of the Bible (PL & amp; NT) and the Bible also provides facts about how God responds to the events of immorality that occur. So that through this writing believers can determine attitudes toward current immorality events according to how God stands in the Bible.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 16-36; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i1.79

Abstract:
Study of Integrity is a very important word, understood and owned by God's servants in the ministry. Today there are many servants of the Lord who carry out the ministry for mere words, but what has been said is not in accordance with daily behavior. As servants of God must have integrity, but in reality today there are still many servants of God who do not yet have integrity. For example, negating some of God's teachings, not living right before God, swearing false (not honest), and not loving the enemy. Therefore it is very important for every servant of God to have integrity. So in this discussion the writer will explain about the integrity of God's servants in service based on Matthew 5: 17-48, which aims to open the understanding of each servant of God about the attitude that must be held by every servant of God in carrying out their ministry.
David Susilo Pranoto
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 17-35; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i1.42

Abstract:
This paper is titled" Attitude to Give Offerings According to the Gospel of Mark 12: 41-44 ". Mark's Gospel was written by Mark himself and this Gospel of Mark is the earliest Gospel written, which is between 65 and 70 AD before the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed and Mark's Gospel is also the shortest of the four Gospels. This book was shown to the Jews to introduce Christ as a servant. Specifically the Gospel of Mark 12: 41-44 tells how Jesus showed His disciples the attitude of the rich and the widows of the poor in giving offerings. This shows that Jesus wanted to tell everyone and specifically to the students how the right attitude in giving offerings. The text Jesus shows about the attitude of the rich and poor widows in making offerings in the Temple. In addition, in the context of the Gospel of Mark 12: 41-44, Jesus showed His disciples the right attitude in offering. Jesus' purpose here is to direct the attention of His disciples to the poor widow. The poor widow gives more offerings than the offerings of rich people, because she gives from her shortcomings while rich people give from abundance. So through this article we can open the understanding of believers to have the right attitude to offer.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 122-134; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i2.60

Abstract:
This paper wants to explain Paul's understanding of marriage. In this paper I will write down the problems that the Apostle Paul saw in the married life of the church he served, including the occurrence of insecs and perversions of understanding of the body and freedom. These deviations have been criticized by the Apostle Paul. Therefore in the next section will write how a husband and wife relationship should be in a marriage.
Estherlina Maria Ayawaila
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 157-175; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i2.73

Abstract:
Romans are letters written by the Apostle Paul addressed to the church in Rome. One of the purposes of this letter is that in conveying love you have the correct method so that love can be done. The duty of believers is to convey love to those who have not done love like the Lord Jesus did. Problems to love can arise from a lack of understanding about love, understanding but not doing or starting to degrade the meaning of love in believers. Therefore this paper tries to remind again about the warmth of love for believers. In writing this scientific work the writer will explore how the meaning of life in love according to the Apostle Paul based on Romans 12: 9-21. To deepen the study of the writer uses the writing method which looks at the meaning of the right life in doing love especially in Romans 12: 9-21. So that this scientific work is easy to understand at the end, write a practical application in loving.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 1-23; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i1.107

Abstract:
As the times progress from modern to post-modern, the principle of life also begins to change in accordance with the times, so does human spirituality, how do Christian attitudes judge the age and face this age? What kind of spirituality should be applied by believers? Considering the knowledge of Christian Spirituality in the Postmodern Era is very important, it is therefore necessary to provide an understanding of the insights of Christian spirituality, so that believers can wisely support this age.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i1.95

Abstract:
This paper aims to discuss the principle of ecclesia reformata semper reformanda which is the fruit of the continuation of reform. Through this research literature study will look at the historical background and principles of the slogan, which is expected to be able to find its relevance for the evangelical church in this global era. With an ongoing commitment to renewal in the evangelical church, the evangelical church can again understand its historicity as a doctrinal movement that places the gospel (the Scriptures) as the main foundation for renewal. Recognizing that continuous renewal is a necessity for the evangelical church, will certainly encourage efforts for the evangelical church to maintain purity and vitality, so as to be able to face the present challenges within the framework of the evangelical doctrine as a doctrinal heritage of reform.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 196-205; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i2.75

Abstract:
The study of eschatology is inseparable from the concept of fulfillment. What will be fulfilled at the end of time? Then who is the person who will fulfill everything at the end of time? Therefore, to give an understanding to believers about the teaching of fullfilment, this paper will explore Biblically and formulate systematically by looking at the views of the theologians who wrote the topic.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 18-36; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i1.96

Abstract:
The purpose of this writing is so that church officials and all church members truly realize that they are members of the body of Christ. Just as the limbs seem less important but are given special respect, they are not needed by beautiful members. Based on the analogy of the church as the body of Christ, the church division is something that is very absurd, something that does not make sense to happen. Where there are limbs that conflict with one another. It is very insane for members to hurt one another. But historical reality has not counted how many conflicts have caused disunity. Believers have failed to analogize themselves with the Body of Christ. The Church is not an earthly organization or social institution. The church is the body of Christ and should not be treated as a social organization. The church is beyond any organization because there is life in it. A deep awareness of the church as the body of Christ will lead to responsibility, humility to cooperate, avoiding the danger of division which often threatens the integrity of the church.
Sarwono Sarwono
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 148-162; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i2.62

Abstract:
1 Corinthians This letter is a letter written by the Apostle Paul addressed to the church in Corinth in 55 CE during his second missionary journey. The writing of this letter is motivated by several things, one of which is disputes. The city of Corinth was a metropolitan city with a strategic location so that many people came to Corinth to trade. In addition, the city of Corinth was also known for its extraordinary level of crime. All crimes are committed openly there. For Paul, the disputing church is a church that is not yet mature in the faith, so that they are still dominated by the spirit of division, unable to focus on the source of growth. In this case Paul provided a solution to overcome the problem of disputes that occurred among the Corinthians, namely applying the pattern of dispute resolution according to the Apostle Paul. It is hoped that through this article can help the lives of believers in overcoming disputes in the Church.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 131-140; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i2.49

Abstract:
Understanding salvation is an urgent finality for human life. Because by understanding clearly human safety is not trapped into the practice of life which imposes itself. Therefore the presentation of the doctrine of Salvation from the perspective of Reform Theology is expected to help believers be able to interpret the salvation received from Jesus Christ. The doctrine of salvation is an important part of thinking about the Christian faith. Because the doctrine provides direction and certainty how human life is saved. At present there is a great deal of understanding being raised regarding the doctrine of salvation. Therefore, through this paper, we explain the doctrine of salvation from the perspective of Reformed Theology. Why? Because this theology has been proven time-tested and persists in strong soteriological teachings. May through this writing the insight of believers soteriology can be deeper.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 128-136; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i2.106

Abstract:
In the context of apolegetics known as the presupposition approach and evidentialist approach. However, many debates have led to disputes because of the overwhelming evidence that supports each other. Is it true that the defense of faith and the basis of faith always rest on evidence. Through this paper, we will explore a little about Reformed presuppositions as a theological review of the evidentialist approach.
Minggus Dilla
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 72-91; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i1.46

Abstract:
A disciplined life is the hope of many people. But often humans fail to do it. Therefore it is important to pay attention to the important axis in human life. Namely how the spirituality. With a basis that spiritual discipline will produce disciplined people. Therefore through this article the Bible will contribute to a spiritually disciplined attitude to life.
Supriadi Oet
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 54-71; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i1.45

Abstract:
The end of time is the subject of much interest today. Then many responses to the end times appear, but those responses tend to lead believers to be passive in this life. A biblical study is needed to understand the end of time. Because not all concepts of the end times make Believers understand how the end times really are. In the midst of the many teaching concepts about the end times, many theologians have also forgotten to give practical applications in dealing with the end times. Through this article, it is hoped that this will help Christians to understand what is the end of time based on 1 Thessalonians and how to deal with it practically.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 176-195; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i2.74

Abstract:
This letter of James is shown to the twelve tribes in the overseas, those who are being tossed around related to the socioeconomic level faced by the church, namely the problem between the rich and the poor. So this letter was written before the year 62 AD. In this article we write about the implementation of the blessed expression of those who endure trials in James 1: 12-15. The background is where James says that those who are happy are those who endure trials. In this context it talks about how people's attitudes in the face of temptation, in this case James appealed to the twelve tribes that are overseas so that they endure trials, love God more, persevere in their faith, and are always faithful to God when facing trials. Real happiness is that people are blessed by God, but the problem is only limited to understanding but when confronted with a problem, trials, and lack of needs to be unhappy, less grateful for what is experienced. Therefore this article reminds believers of the true principle of happiness.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 141-157; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i2.50

Abstract:
The God who calls believers into the noble calling task is a faithful God. In carrying out this call of duty the believer must be faithful like God the creator. The task of that vocation is to serve God and preach the gospel throughout the face of the earth. Loyalty to serve to the end is what God wants for every believer, this must be owned by every servant of God and believers, as the Apostle Paul emphasized in the book "Acts 20" as a servant of the Lord the Apostle Paul completed his vocation properly. In "Revelation 2: 10b" let you be faithful unto death, I will grant you the crown of life. This is God's promise for everyone who is faithful to Him and who completes the call of duty well to the finish line. Through the article is expected to encourage believers to understand eating loyalty.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 6, pp 36-52; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v6i1.109

Abstract:
One of the tasks of the church's vocation in this world is to preach the gospel or testify about Christ (Marturia), which is to preach the good news about the salvation of the Lord Jesus to a world filled with sin. That is why every Christian who has received salvation must be His witness in the midst of this world, so that those who do not believe have a part in the kingdom of God in Christ Jesus. But often there is failure and despair by the Evangelists, because they have given all the best efforts in evangelism but there is no soul that believes. This happens one of them because many evangelists do not understand and believe in the role of the Holy Spirit in evangelism. Therefore this article was written to provide an understanding of the role of the Holy Spirit in Evangelism based on the Gospel of John 16: 4b-15.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 92-109; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i2.90

Abstract:
This paper aims to discuss and address the phenomenon of unity and unity in Indonesia. Where there have been many events, parties or groups that have tried to undermine the phenomenal unity of the Indonesian people lately. By exploring the theological biblical foundation it is hoped that it can strengthen the foundations of the principle of Indonesian unity, to find a theological basis and be expected to draw implications and relevance for the church to build its participation in realizing Indonesian unity, for the sake of the continuity of Indonesia which is unity in diversity.
Waharman Waharman
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 1-16; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i1.41

Abstract:
In this article, discuss the words of the Lord Jesus about worries according to Matthew 6: 25-34. The purpose of the Lord Jesus was to advise His disciples so that they would not worry about food, drink and clothing. These words are a motivation for believers in God in matters of food and drink, so that believers are free from all worries and entrust themselves to God in His pets. While still alive in this world, Jesus gave guidelines for living in His care and He also emphasized to His disciples that they first seek the kingdom of God and His truth and all of that will be added to you (Matt. 6:33). Here Jesus does not promise that all believers will become wealthy, but promises the providence of God that meets all the needs of His children, even the glory and riches of heaven. Jesus even used the parable of the birds that were fed by the Father in heaven. If God feeds them, He will also take care of His people. In this article it reminds Christians not only to be concerned about worries, but must surrender fully to God and live in God's care, grateful for God's blessings in an extraordinary way.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 4, pp 75-91; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v4i1.83

Abstract:
The term race has been applied to humans, so humans began to group themselves among their races, then the emergence of the superiority of the human race against other races is often called racism. Is this really the case of humans, does the Bible agree that humans are divided into racial concepts, how does the Bible state the creation of man against the facts of the human race. Therefore, through this paper will write how God views the reality of the human race.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 5, pp 69-91; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v5i1.99

Abstract:
Suffering is a part of human life after falling into sin. Jesus Christ gave the principle of life carrying the cross. Therefore believers are not free from suffering. Because suffering cannot be avoided, suffering must be faced by believers. Therefore it is very important to provide insight into suffering in 1 Peter. Therefore through this article can open the understanding of believers to face suffering.
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 3, pp 131-156; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v3i2.72

Abstract:
Self-mastery is very important for every servant of God, so that a servant of God understands and understands the importance of self-control, because then God's servants will experience changes in life through the process. Self-mastery in question is the ability to hold, curb, and keep oneself from sin so as not to be enslaved by sin. The definition of self-control is the ability to control thoughts, bad habits that are not according to God's will. The Bible records self-control in Galatians 5: 22-23, Proverbs 16:32. Controlling yourself means more than conquerors, and God says in His Word that the servant is the more victorious servant. Based on the presentation of a servant of God must be able to control themselves so as not to be enslaved by sin, so that a servant is called a winner in a competition in service. Therefore it is very important to provide insight into self-control, one of the basic Scriptures that discusses is 2 Timothy 4: 1-8.
Supriadi Oet
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 2, pp 135-147; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v2i2.61

Abstract:
This paper wants to explain the Divinity of Jesus Christ according to the Gospel of John. This writing begins with the problematic present, namely the emergence of misconceptions about the person of Jesus Christ, such as the understanding of the Gnostic and pluralist groups today. To evaluate the wrong understanding needs a solid foundation, which is the gospel. The very gospel which deals with the person of Jesus Christ is the Gospel of John. With an explanation of the Divinity of Jesus Christ provides protection and answers to those who ask who Jesus Christ is.
Waharman Waharman
Manna Rafflesia, Volume 1, pp 93-111; https://doi.org/10.38091/man_raf.v1i2.47

Abstract:
There are many writings that deal with shepherding. In this article we discuss" Shepherding Principles "based on the perspective of Psalm 23. The psalmist stresses the importance of understanding the shepherding principle. In this discussion will explain the psalmist's understanding and principles about shepherding. So that through this paper contribute to developing the principles of shepherding.
Page of 1
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top